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ETY 



r\ 



COLLECTIONS 



OK THE 



NEW- YORK HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



/ 



FOR THE YEAR 



1884. 



PUBLICATION FUND SERIES. 



NEW YORK: 
PRINTED FOR THE SOCIETY 

MDCCCLXXXV. 



/- 



J'JS51 



Officers of the Society, i885. 



-♦— >- 



PRESIDENT, 

BENJAMIN H. FIELD. 



FIRST VICE-PRESIDENT, 

HAMILTON FISH, LL. D 



SECOND VICE-PRESIDENT, 

CORNELIUS VANDERBILT. 



FOREIGN CORRESPONDING SECRETARY, 

WILLIAM M . E V A R T S , L L. D. 



DOMESTIC CORRESPONDING SECRETARY, 

EDWARD F. de LANCEY. 



RECORDING SECRETARY, 

ANDREW WARNER. 



TREASURER, 

ROBERT SCHELL. 



LIBRARIAN, 

JACOB BAILEY MOORE 



EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE. 



FIRST CLASS FOR ONE YEAR, ENDING 1 886. 

EDWARD F. DE LANCEY, JACOB D. VERMILYE, 

WILLARD PARKER, Jr., M.D. 

SECOND CLASS — FOR TWO YEARS, ENDING 1 887. 

JOHN TAYLOR JOHNSTON, ROBERT LENOX KENNEDY, 

JOHN C. BARRON, M.D. 

THIRD CLASS FOR THREE YEARS, ENDING 1888. 

BKNJAMIN H. FIELD, WILLIAM DOWD, 

GEORGE H. MOORE, LL.D. 

FOURTH CLASS — FOR FOUR YEARS, ENDING 1 889. 

JOHN A. WEEKES, WILLIAM LIBBEY, 

ROYAL PHELPS. 

JOHN A. WEEKES, Chairman. 
JACOB B. MOORE, Secretary. 

[The President, Recording Secretary, Treasurer, and Librarian are 
members, ex-officiOy of the Executive Committee.] 



COMMITTEE ON THE FINE ARTS. 



ASHER B. DURAND, 
ANDREW WARNER, 
JOHN A. WEEKES, 



DANIEL HUNTINGTON, 
CEPHAS G. THOMPSON, 
GEORGE H. MOORE, LL.D. 



ASHER B. DURAND, Chairman. 
ANDREW WARNER, Secretary. 

[The President, Librarian, and Chairman of the Executive Com« 
mittee are members, ex-officio, of the Committee on the Fine Arts.] 



PREFA TORY NOTE. 



THIS volume is the second of the two volumes of the 
" Kemble Papers'' and the seventeenth of the series of 
•* Collections " of the Society for the year 1884. // con- 
sists of three parts, and the index to both volumes : 

I, The Journals of Colonel Stephen Kemble, Briga- 
dier-General in command of the British Expedition 
for the capture of Nicaragua and the Spanish Main, 
in the years 1780 and 1781. 

//. The Order Book of Brigadier-General Kemble. 
Ill, The Documents, Correspondence, and Official 
Reports, relating to the Expedition from its inception 
in 1779 till its termination in 1781, and the topogra- 
phy, inhabitants, and fiature, of Nicaragua and the 
Spanish Main or Mosquito Shore, 

The Governor of Jamaica, General John Dalling, 
who in 1783 was created Sir John Dalling, Baronet, 
originated the idea, and submitted to the British Govern- 
ment of Lord North his plan. This was for a mili- 
tary and naval expedition for the reduction of the 
Spanish Main, and the captu7'e and occupation of the 
river and cattle of St, Juan, and the Lcike of Nicara- 
gua, with the cities of Granada and Leon at its western 
end, and Realejo on the Pacific Ocean, including the 
narrow strip of land between the lake and the Pacific ; 
thus cut ting off the communication betweefi the northern 
and sotithern Spanish American territories, and taking 
possession of the whole region, the only one through 
which the two oceans could be united by a canal, the 



Vlll . PREFATORY NOTE. 

feasibility of whichy and its tremendous consequences, 
were then foreseen. The British Cabinet at once ap- 
proved the plan, and ordered it carried into execution. 
The official history of the expeditio7i, now printed for 
the first time in this volume, shows its partial success , 
and the causes, why, after the capture of the castle of 
St. fuan and reaching the lake, the victors subse- 
quently blew up the castle, and finally abandoned the 
undertaking, 

Noio, when the attentio7i of America and the world 
in general is fixed upon the actual commenccme7it of 
the canal to unite the Atlantic and Pacific through the 
route of Nicaragua by North America7i eiiter prise, the 
publication of these official papers and documents of 
the North America^t officer in cofnmand of the British 
expedition to jVicaragua over a century ago, will be a 
boon, not only to historical scholars, but to all men in- 
terested in the dez^elopment of Central America, and 
the continuance of the power and progress of the United 

States, 

Colonel Kemble, after resigning as Deputy- Adjutant- 
Gen era I of the British Army in America ift October, 
1 779, in consequence of the refusal of Sir Hefiry Clin- 
ton to appoint him Adjutant-Gcfieral on the resigna- 
tion of that office by Lord Rawdo7i i7i the autum7i of 
that year, as shown in the first volu77ie {Collectio7is for 
iSS/), /r/oined his regi77ie7it the 60th Foot, or Royal 
.'Upierieans, of which he was the Lieute7ia7it-Colo7iel 
of its Fip'st /iat/alion, then in the Isla7td of Ja77iaica, 
lie sailed ffOiu New York, Novonber yyth,, 1779, ^^^^ 
arrived at Afontego Bay, Jamaica, Ja7iuary %th,, 1780, 
and on the \(>th. 7'eached Spa7iish Tow7t, the reside7ice 
of (tovernor-iieneral Bailing, He found the expedi- 
tion to the Spanish Main orga7iis27ig U7ider Captai7i 
lohn Poison of the 60th Regif7tent as its Colo7iel-i7t- 
( hief lie offered his services, a7id as his joiwnal 
savs] "'would have been accepted but could 7iot deprive 
Captain Tolson of the command^ Governor Bailing 
had previously intrusted the 77tilitary command of the 



PREFATORY NOTE. IX 

expedition to Captain Poison, and its naval direction 
to Captai7i Nelson, of the Hinchinbrokey a frigate of 
twejity-eight guns, afterwards the celebrated Lord Nel- 
son of the Nile, He was then in his twenty-second 
year, and this was the first ship he commanded as a 
post-captain. His duties were simply to carry a part 
of the troops in his own ship, and to convoy the trans- 
ports fulia and Penelope with the rest. The expedi- 
tion sailed from Jamaica, March ^th., 1 780, reached the 
Harbour of St, Juan on the 2^th., landed without opposi- 
tion, a7id began the asce7it of the 7^iver, Nelson volun- 
teered to accompafty Colonel Polso7i with the boats a7id 
a body of sailors under his perso7ial comma7id. They 
reached the castle of St. Jua7i, sixty Jo7ir miles up the 
river a7id thirty-huo from the lake, 07i the nth. of 
April, invested it, a7id 07i the 29///. // surrendered to 
Polso7i. Nelso7i, becomi7ig da7igerously ill fro7n fever 
a7id dysentery, had to be sent back dow7t the river a few 
days before its fall. He arrived at the Harbour of St. 
Jua7i so weak that he had to be carried 07t board the 
vessel which took hi7n to Jamaica, havi7ig i7i his abse7tce 
bee7i appoi7tted to the comma7id of the Ja7tus, a forty- 
four gu7i frigate, a7t appoi7itment which really saved 
his life. But he was so reduced he could 7tot retai7i 
his ship, and had to ask leave to retur7i to E7igla7id, 
wlure it was a year before he regained his health. 
Kemble' s Journal mentions Nelsons arrival at the Har- 
bour of St. Jua7t, a7id sailing afterward for Jamaica, 
by whom he se7tt letters to Gover7ior-General Dalli7ig, 
but gives no details of his condition. 

Colonel Polso7t i7i an7iou7icing the fall of the castle 
to Cover 7ior Dalli7tg on April y:^th., 1780, speaks i7i 
these high terms of Nelson a7id Lieute7ia7tt Despard 
the chief e7igi7iecr : ''Captai7i Nelson, the7i of the 
Hi7ichi7ibroke, came up with thirty-four sea77ie7i, one 
Serjeant, and twelve marines. I wa7it words to express 
the obligations I owe that gentleman ; he was the first 
071 every service, whether by day or by 7iight. There 
was scarcely a gun fired but was pointed by him or 



X PREFATORY NOTE. 

Lieutenant Despard, chief engineer, who has exerted 
himself on every occasion'' 

Governor Bailing on April 2d., 1 780, decided to send 
Colonel Kemble with a reinforcement of two hundred 
and fifty regulars, and two hundred and seventy of a 
new corps called the Legion, chiefly composed of sailors, 
and to take the chief command. He arrived at the 
Harbour of St. Juan, April 20th,, 1 780, and by Gov- 
ernor Dalling's orders assumed the command as Briga- 
dier-General. The general orders of Poisons expedi- 
tion precede those of Kemble in the second part of this 
vohime. The terrible sufferings and terrific mortality , 
which, with the desertion of the fiative allies, in the end 
compelled the destruction of the fort and abandonment 
of the expedition after nearly five months of most 
heroic service i7i that most fated climate, are plainly 
and fully set forth iii the letters and dispatches in the 
third part of this volu7ne. 

Most strange and striking is the extraordinary con- 
trast of the subsequent careers, deaths, and burials, of 
the two officers so highly spoken of by their commander 
in Nicaragua. 

The o?ie, after a life of unexampled brilliancy and 
success ift the service of his country, fell at Trafalgar 
in the very moment of his greatest victory, the idol of 
the British Navy and the British people ; and later , 
with all the pomp and splendor of military mourning 
that a grateful people and a grateful moftarch could 
shoiv to his remains, was borne through London's 
draped streets, amid sorrowing hundreds of thousands, 
to the great cathedral of St. Paul, and laid to rest 
beneath its magnificent dome, the greatest of England's 
naval heroes. 

The other, after thirty years' faithful service as a 
brave and skilful officer, under stress of unredressed 
private and personal wrongs at the hands of govern- 
ment officials, headed in Londofi, in 1802, a rash con- 
spiracy to seize the Tower, the Houses of Parliament, 
murder the king, raise an insurrection, and overturn 



PREFATORY NOTE. XI 

tne government. He was tried for high treason before 
a special commission presided over by Lord Ellen- 
borough, Lord Chief Justice of England, found guilty, 
and, with six of his companions, hung for the crime, 
on the igth. of February, 1803. Eleven days later, in 
the presence of four friends, his remains were perma- 
nently interred in the cemetery of the old parish of 
St. Faith, on the south side of St. Paul's Cathedral. 

Lord kelson appeared as a witness at Colonel Des- 
pard's trial, and testified, ** that they were on the 
Spanish Main together in 1 780, together in the trenches, 
and had slept in the same tent ; that he was a loyal man 
and a brave officer.'' Referring to this testimony Lord 
Ellenborough told the jury, in his charge, ** You have 
also heard the high character given him by a man on 
whom to pronounce an eulogy were to waste words ; but 
you are to consider whether a change has not taken place 
since the period he speaks of." The proof of the crime 
was clear, the punishment lawful, and Despard met his 
fate with cool firmness. Two years and a half later Nel- 
son was killed in battle. Both the gallant companions 
in Nicaragua, in 1780, slept their last sleep near each 
other on the banks of the Thames, the one under a splen- 
did monument in St. Paul's, the other in an unmarked 
grave under the very shadow of the same Cathedral. /( 

Colonel Edward Marcus Despard, an Irish gentle- 
man of reputable family and connections, seems to have 
belonged to a not uncommon class of Irishmen, who, 
when lawful government does not suit them, seem ever 
ready to conspire to overthrow it, and whose plots, as 
his was, are usually betrayed by one or more of the 
conspirators themselves. 

To the late Mr. Peter Kemble, of New York, and 
his son, the present Mr. Peter Kemble, the thanks of 
the Society are due for placing at its disposal the origi- 
nal manuscripts printed in this voltime. The maps 
are facsimile copies of those in manuscript, made by 
officers of the expedition at the time^ and preserved by 
Colonel Kemble. 



Xll PREFATORY NOTE. 

In this connection a brief statement of Colonel Kern- 
bles history, and tliat of his family, one of prominence 
in New York arid New Jersey, both before, and after, 
the American Revolution, and of which no account in 
print exists, is of interest. In the year 1769 Peter 
Kemble, of Mount Kemble, Morris County, New Jer- 
sey, the Coloners father, wrote a short account of the 
family, ** as far as it has come to his knowledge'' to 
use his own words. In this he says, " tliat i7i the 7iorth 
part of Wiltshire, near the edge of the coufity, witlmi 
a few miles of Tilbury, Malmesbury, and Circencester, 
very near the source of the Isis, is a village and church, 
or, as I have been told, a church only, called 'Kefnble' an 
ecclesiastical benefice in Malmesbury Deanery. . . . 
// is said that William Camden, Clarencieux King-at- 
Arms in the reign of Queen Elizabeth, did give George 
Kemble, of Wydell, or Widhill, in the county of Wilts, 
the coat'Ofarms now used in the family. And we 
kfiow there is the vicarage of Kemble not far from 
Widhill. The genealogist, from thence, concludes that 
the name of Kemble is derived from the town, but, I 
think, erroneously ; for it is much more probable that 
the town or village must have been so named from the 
lord of the manor then in being. . . . as has 
bee?i the case in many towns and villages. In Camden s 
time it must have been an old settled place and not then 
inconsiderable, for the benefice is valued in the Kings 
Book {po7nesday Book^ at a high rate, £11.4.^ per 
an7ium'' The arms above mentioned were thus bla- 
zo7ied, '' He bcareth sable, 07i a bend ermine, three leop- 
ards faces of the first ;'' Crest ; ^'On a wreath of 
his colotirs a wolf's head, tru7iked and embr tied, or.'' 

The late Honorable Gouver7ieur Kemble, of Cold- 
spri7ig, Putnam County, New York, the eldest nephew 
of Colonel Stephe7t Kemble, believed that William Ke7n- 
ble, of Stafford i7t the Vale, the third and you7igest son 
of F7'a7icis Kemble, and g7'a7idson of George Kemble, 
of Wydell, or Widhill, above ftamed, was the immediate 
ancestor of his branch of the family ; but the matter 



PREFATORY NOTE. XIU 

was not followed up by him, nor has it been ascertained 
by any other member of the American family. Mr. 
Peter Kemble, in the manuscript above refei^red to, 
says that his own grandfather was Richard Kemble, 
deputy alderman of Bishopsgate ward, Lo7tdon, a mer- 
chant, and resided in Bishopsgate Street ma7iy years ; 
that his own father, also named Richard, so7i of the 
first-ynentioned Richard, '* was bound an apprentice 
to one Barnardiston, a Turkey merchaftt with a consid- 
erable sum of money, who was by indenture obliged to 
send him the two last years of his service to Smy7'na, 
where he went, a7id afterwards settled.'* There he 
married a Greek lady, a 7iativc of the isla7id of Scio, 
*' bli7id old Ho77ier*s rocky isle,'' one of two sisters, the 
other of whom married Mr. Edwards, the British 
consul at S7nyr7ia. Their maide7i 7iame was Mavro- 
cordato, the sa77ie as that of the great patriot of the 
early days of 77iodern Greece ; but whether there was 
a7iy co7inection, is 7iot known. By this lady Mr. Richard 
Kef7tble /tad several childre7i, 07te of whom, Williamy 
a7t elder brother of Peter Kemble, of New Jers-ey, born 
in 1 696, was i7i the English 7iavy. Peter Ke77ible him- 
self was born at Smyr7ia, i7t Asia Mi7ior, December 
12th., 1*704, a7id re77iained there till 1712, whc7i he was 
sent to E7igla7id to be educated. His father, who met 
with great losses in trade in C07iseque7ice of the wars in 
Quee7i An7ies reign, ca7ne himself to E7igla7id i7i 171 7, 
at which ti7ne he sold the Crow7i Tavcr7i ifi Cor7ihill, 
Londo7t, which he ow7ied, and which thc7i re7itcd for 
£\oo per a7inum. The next year, 1 7 1 8, Richard Kem- 
ble ''kissed hands'' on bei7ig appoi7ited by George I. 
coftsul at Salonica, on the wester7i side of the Egca7t 
Sea, a7id abnost opposite to the Gulf of 'S77tyr7ia, where 
he remained till his death i7ifu7te, 1720. Two years 
before this eve7tt, his so7i Peter Ke77ible was sc7it to 
George Kemble, a wi7ie merchant at Rotterda7n, i7i Hol- 
la7id, and a dista7it relative, to be i7iitiated i7i 7ncrca7itile 
life. In the winter of 1720-21, he rctur7ted to E7ig- 
landf and we7tt 071^ a trading voyage to Gui7iea, and 



XIV PREFATORY NOTE. 

came back to London^ where he was engaged in business 
for some years. Mr. Edwards above named first in- 
troduced coffee into Engla?id. Having it made for his 
own use by a Greek servant whom he had brought from 
Smyrn2y it became so popular among his friends that 
the demand was found a little oppressive. He there- 
fore allowed a public coffee -house to be established, with 
this Greek, Pasqua Rossi by name, at its head, in St. 
Michael's Alley, Cornhill, who put a sign over the 
door with his own portrait and the words ** the first 
who made and publicly sold coffee drink in England.'' 
Mr. Edwards's family all died except a datighter, 
Ann, who subsequently came to America and dwelt 
with her relatives at Mount Kemble, where she lies 
buried ; the inscription on her tombstone being: *'Ann 
Edwards, born in Smyrna, in Asia Minor, and died 
in fuly, 1 808, in the eightieth year of her age'' She 
was highly educated, spoke Greek, Italia?t, French, 
and English, was a complete Greek, and retained her 
Eastern habits until her death. 

In or about 1 730 Peter Kemble came to New York. 
There he married Gertrude Bayard, second daughter of 
Samuel Bayard {only son of Nicholas Bayard, the young- 
est of the three sons of Governor Stuyvesant's widowed 
sister, Anna Bayard, who came with hi??t to New York 
in 1647) and his wife Margaret van Cortlandt, eldest 
daughter of Stephanus van Cortlandt of the Manor of 
Cortlandt, the head of that family. Though by this 
marriage closely connected with New York and its 
leading families, Peter Kemble settled at New Bruns- 
wick, New fersey, where he entered into a successful 
business, built a house, and resided for several years. 
He afterward purchased a large tract of land in the 
beautiful hilly region of New Jersey, near Morris- 
town, and erected thereon a large house, still standings 
which he called Moufit Kemble, and in which he dwelt 
till his death on the 23^. of February, 1789, at the 
great age of eighty five years. Peter Kemble was one of 
the most eminefit men of colonial New Jersey, always 



PREFATORY NOTE. XV 

taking a large and prominent part in its political 
affairs. As early as 1 745 he was appointed by George 
II. one of the governor s council y his commission, under 
that king's sign manual, still in the possession of one 
of his descendants^ bearing date the 2^d. of September 
in that year. This office he held till the . end of the 
British rule in 17 jS, and was the *' President of the 
Council" whenever the governorship was vacant. He 
remained loyal to Great Britain dtirifig the Revolu- 
tion, but was never molested, except in having some of 
the Continental troops cantoned upon his estate during 
the winter the American army lay in winter qtiarters 
at Morristown. General Washington, however, ex- 
tended to him and his family every personal courtesy. 

By his first wife, Gertrude Bayard, Peter Kemble 
had five sons and two daughters. 

L Samuel, the eldest, who entered the British navy, 
but left it on being appointed Collector of the Port of 
New York. At the peace of 1 783 he went to London, 
established himself as a merchant, and there died, leav- 
ing issue by his wife who was Jane Finch. 

II. Richard, born in Atigust, 1733, and died at 
Mount Kemble, which had fallen to him, a bachelor, on 
the 13M. September, 18 13. 

///. Peter, born in 1739. After being educated at 
the ^'college in Philadelphia,^' 7iow the University of 
Pennsylvania, he entered the counting-hotise of Archi- 
bald McCall, a leading merchant of that city, who had 
married his sister Judith, and afte7'ward became his 
partner in business : which being principally with the 
West Indies, he resided several years at St. Kitts and 
St. Eustatta. Returning to New York after the peace 
of 1 783, he there married Gertrude Gouverneur, of 
the Huguenot family of that 7iame, a daughter of 
Samuel Gouverneur and his wife Experience Johnson. 
With her brothers Nicholas and Isaac, he established 
in that city the commercial house of '' Gouverneur & 
Kemble,'' long and honorably know?i. He died July 6th,, 
1823, at the age of eighty-four. 



XVI PREFATORY NOTE, 

IV, Stephen, Colonel and Brigadier-General, born at 
New Brunswick, New Jersey, in 1740, was educated 
with his brother Peter at the College in Philadelphia ; 
entered the British army as E7isign in the d^/^th. Foot, 
May 5, 1757, during the French war, and first served 
i7i the campaigfi under Lord Howe, which eftdedift the 
repulse of Tico7ideroga and the death of that General, 
being then a Lieutefiant in the Soth. Regiment. In 
1760 he was transferred as Lieutenant to the i5th. 
Regiment, and became Captain in the 60th., or Royal 
A^nerican, Regiment of Foot, 24///. January, 1765. 
On August 2d., 1772, he received the staff appointme7tt 
of ** Deputy Adjutant-Gcneral of the Forces i7i North 
America,'' succcedi7ig Lieutenant- Colonel the Hon. 
Richard Maitlattd i7i that office, which carried with it 
the ra7ik of'' Major ifi the Arffiy.'' He became Major 
of the 60th. Foot, First Battalion, Jufte 6th., 177 5, and 
Licutc7iant-Colo7tel of the sa7fte regi77ie7tt and Battalion 
Jji7ic 6th., 1778, Lord Amherst bei7ig its Colo7iel'in-chief. 
Previous to this date he had received, Ofi igth. August, 
1777, the ra7ik of '' Licutcna7tt-Colo7iel in the Ar7?iy,'' 
afidofi November 20th., 1782, he was commissioned a full 
*' Colo7ielin the Army'' l7i the autu7n7i of 177 g, Lord 
Rawdo7i resigned the Adjuta7it'Gc7ieralcy of the British 
ar77iy aftd Kemble, who had been Deputy Adjuta7it-Gc7i' 
eralsifice 1772, desired to be promoted to the vacant place. 
But Sir Hoiry Clinton, theft Commafidcf^-iji- Chief — by 
whom lie was not liked — declined to appoint him, where- 
upon he resigfied the deputyship, after certain negotia- 
tions with Captaifi Johit Andre, of the S4th. Foot, a7id 
Sir Henry Clitttoft, ifi virtue of which the former was 
appointed by the latter ''Deputy Adjutant-Gcfteral ifi 
his place, a7id thus became ''Major A7idre.'' .As has 
becfi stated, Colofiel Kemble sailed fro77i New York 
Nove77ibcr 2pth., 1779^ to join his regi7nent, the both. 
Foot, First Battalio7i, the7i 07i duty i7i the Island of 
Jamaica, where he arrived 07i the Zth. ofJa7iuaiy, 1 780 ; 
theti followed his commaftd a7id services in Nicaragua 
and the Spa7iish Main. Subsequently he returned to 



PREFATORY NOTE. XVll 

England, but in 1785 rejoined his regiment again in 
the Island of Granada, serving with it there and in 
other West India Islands. Coming back to England in 
1 788, he went the same year to New Brunswick, in 
Tvhich province he and one of his brothers held lands 
on the St. John River, but returned again to London 
in the beginning of \*J%^. In 17(^2^ he was appointed 
a ^^ Deputy Judge Advocate in America,'^ and in 1797 
Deputy Judge Advocate to the Earl of MoircCs expe^ 
dition intended for the continent of Europe, who was 
his former friend the Lord Rawdon of the American 
Tvar. He finally sold out and returned to America in 
the year i8o5, and resided the rest of his life at New 
Br7inswick, New Jersey, in the house in which he was 
born, and which he owned. There he died on Friday, 
the 20th. of December, 1822, in his eighty -seco7td year, 
and was interred in the churchyard of Christ Church, 
New Brunswick, on the 22d. of the same month. He 
was warden of Christ Church from January ist., 1809, 
to his death. He never married. 

V. William, the youngest of the five sons of Peter 
Kemble of New Jersey, died in England, a Captain in 
the British army. 

VI. Margaret, t/ie eldest of Peter Kemble' s daugh- 
ters, married on the 9>th. of December, 1758, General 
Thomas Gage, Commander-in-Chief of the British army 
in America, and later Governor of Massachusetts, who 
was the second son of Thomas, eighth Baronet and first 
Viscount Gage. The GeneraVs brother William Hall, 
second Viscount, had no son, and on his death the dig- 
nities passed to the General's eldest son Henry, third 
Viscount Gage, born d^th. March, 1761, who married, 
1 1 th. January, 1789, his cousin Susannah Maria, only 
daughter and heir of Lieute7iant-General William 
Skinner by his wife Susan, one of the daughters and 
co-heirs of Admiral Sir Peter Warren, K. B., whose 
wife was Susannah de Lancey, the eldest of the two 
daughters of Etienne {in English Stephen^ de Lancey, 
the first in America of the family of that name, and 

VOU H— B 



Jr^llI PREFATORY NOTE. 

--/«* IdM Cortlandt^ who was a sister of Mrs. General 
Gares mof/ur, Mrs. Samuel Bayard, and the second 
daughter of Stephanus Van Cortlandt, of the Ma7ior 
of Cortlandt. Lieutenant-General Skinners mother 
was also a I an Cortlandt of the same family, bei7ig 
Elizabeth, the sez*enth daughter of Stephanus. Thus 
in the children of the third Viscount Gage were united 
three lines of the I an Cortlandt blood. He was suc- 
ceeded by his eldest son Henry Hall, fourth Viscoufit, 
and he by his grandson Henry Charles, the fifth a7id 
present I Yscount Gage. The other children of General 
Gage and Margaret Kemble were : John ; Sir William 
Hall Gage, Admiral of the White; Marion, wife of 
Sir James Crauford; Louisa, wife of Sir James H. 
Blake : Harriet, who died siftgle ; Charlotte Margaret, 
wife of Admiral Sir C/iarles Ogle; and Emily, luife 
of Montagu Bertie, fifth Earl of Abingdo7t. The last 
and her husband were also cousins, for Lord Abing- 
don s mother was Charlotte, another of Sir Peter War- 
ren and Susannah DcLanceys daughters, and a sister 
of the wife of Lieutenant- General Skinnier above men- 
tioned. Mrs. General Gage died the gth. of February, 
1824. having survived her husband, who died ifi 1788, 
thirty-six years. 

Mrs. General Gage was also a first cousin of Pierre 
Van Cortlandt, first Lieutenant-Governor of the State 
of Xexi* J \^rk ; General Philip Schuyler of the Revolu- 
tionary Army ; James de Lancey, Chief-Justice and 
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of New York; 
J\ter de Lancey of IVestchester ; General Oliver de 
Lancew Senior Loyalist Brigadier- General of New 
York in the Revolutionary war ; John Van Cortlandt, 
the profninent Xcii* York City Whig leader in 1776; 
Stephen I an Rensselaer, sixth Patroon, and third 
Lord of the Manor, of Rensselaer swy ck ; and Stephen 
Van Cortlandt, the father of Colonel Philip Van Cort- 
landt of the British regular Army in the Revolu- 
tionarx icar, and head of the Van Cortlandt family — 
all of whom were sons of the brothers and sisters of 



PREFATORY NOTE. XIX 

Iter mother^ Mrs. Margaret Bayard, and grandsons 
of Stephanus Van Cortlandt above named, her grand- 
father. A striking ilhistration of the close, as well 
as zuide, kinship of the chief colonial families of New 
York. 

VII. Judith, the youngest daughter of Peter Kern- 
ble by his first wife, married Archibald McCall, a 
ivealthy merchant of Philadelphia, by whom she had 
eighteeii children, and died there at the great age of 
eighty-nine years. 

Peter Kemble, of New Jersey, married secondly 
Elizabeth Tuite, of an old Irish family settled in Mary- 
land, by whom he had three children {one son and 
tzvo daughters^. 

VII I. Robert, bor 71 April 5 M., 1755. He was in the 
commissary department of the British army during 
the Revolutiofi, but afterwards retired from the ser- 
vice. He was twice married. His first wife left no 
children. His second was a daughter of Ge?teral 
Cadwallader of Philadelphia, who left one daughter 
Mary, married to General Sumner of Massachusetts. 
He lived at Mount Ke7nble, where he died January i, 
1820, and is buried. 

IX. and X. Elizabeth, born \%th. December, 1 753, a7td 
Ann, born ()th. of June, 1757, the tivo daughters, never 
7fiarried. They resided at Mount Kemble, and both 
died at adva^iced ages, the former on the i6th. of June, 
1836, and the latter on the 2d. of September, 1820. 

Peter Kemble, the brother of Coloftel Stephen and 
third son of Peter Kemble, of New Jersey, previously 
mentioned as having married Gertrude Gouverneur 
and settled in New York, died there July 6th., 1823, at 
the age of eighty-four. He left four sons and two 
daughters. 

I. Gouverneur, of Cold Spring, the eldest son, born 

2^tk. January, 1786, died a bachelor, at Cold Spring, 

1 6th. December, 1875. After graduatifig at Columbia 

College, in 1 803, he went to Spain, where he was appointed 

an agent for the United States Government during the 



XX PREFATORY NOTE. 

war with the Barbary States, and was subsequently Con- 
sul at Cadiz. In 1 8 1 6, at the suggestion of officers of 
the Government^ he organized, soon after he returned 
home, the West Point Foufidry Association, for the 
manufacture of cannon — there being then no foundry 
where they could be well cast, and 7ione at all north of 
Richmond, Va. — and located it at Cold Spring, o?i the 
Hudson, opposite West Point. He moved there ifi 1817, 
and resided at that place till his death, in 1875, ^^^ ^^ 
ninetieth year. He was a Democratic member of the 
Twenty-sixth Congress, 1 839-1 84 1 , from the old Fourth 
District of New York. He represented the county of 
Putnam in the New York Constitutional Convention of 
1846, and was prominent in promoting the building 
of the Hudson River and the Panama Railroads. He 
was the owner of *' Cockloft Hall,'' on the Passaic, so cele- 
brated by Washington Irving and James K. Paulding in 
** Salmagundi,'' and their life-long friend and compaction. 
He was celebrated all his life for his great and genial 
hospitality at his home in Cold Spring, called by Irv-- 
ing ** the Bachelor's Elysium." His maciners were so 
strikicigly friecidly, cordial, and polite, that General 
Win f eld Scott once said ** he was the 7nost pecfect 
gentleman in the United States." He was also a great 
lover of art, and made a valuable collection in Spain of 
the works of the Spanish masters, still in the possession 
of the family. He managed the West Point Foundry 
upwards of thirty years, when he retired from the 
business and was succeeded in it by Mr. Robert Parker 
Parrott, who had married his sister. 

2. Peter, the second son, was unfortunately drowned 
November 24M., 1813, i^^^his twenty-sixth year , while i7i 
busifiess with his father. 

3. William, the third son, also a graduate of Colum- 
bia College, established hi7nself in New York as a com- 
mission merchant, where he was for many years the sole 
agent of the West Point Foundry Association and many 
of the boiler-plate rolling mills i?i Pennsylvania. About 
the time that steam navigation became firmly estalh 



PREFATORY KOTE. XXI 

• 

lished on the Hudson, the West Point Foundry Associ- 
ation erected its machine shops at the foot of Beach 
Street^ New York, on that river, under William Kern- 
bles direction, and there ma7iy of the engines of the 
steamboats running in New York waters before 1838 
were built. In that year the machine shops were re- 
fnoved to Cold Spring and consolidated with the works 
at that place. 

He m^arried Margaret Chatham Seth, a descendant 
of an old Mary la?id family, and had seven children — 
three sons and four daughters : William, the eldest, 
who died shortly after graduating from Columbia Col- 
lege ; Peter, the second, who was originally in the navy, 
but left it after the death of his elder brother, and joined 
his father in his counting-house, and for many years 
was actively engaged in business. He married Victorine 
Elizabeth Du Pont, daughter of Alfred Du Pont, of 
the distinguished family of that name, of Wilmington, 
Delaware, and died in 1887, leaving two sons a7id two 
daughters. He a7id his eldest son, Peter, are the gentle- 
men who have generously placed the originals of the 
valuable and important papers of Colonel Stephen Kem- 
ble at the disposal of the New York Historical Society, 
for publication in its volumes of '* Collections^* for the 
years 1883 and 1884. 

GoMverneur, the youngest son, was also engaged for 
many years in business at Cold Spring and New York, 
and is still living. He married Julia Tillou, daughter 
of the late Francis R. Tillou, a distinguished lawyer 
and Recorder of New York, and has a family of two 
sans and four daughters. 

The daughters of Mr. William Kemble were : Mar- 
garet, who married Charles J. Nourse, of the District 
of Columbia ; Gertrude, who died in infancy ; Fllen, 
who now resides in the city of New York, unmarried ; 
and Mary, the widow of Frederick D. Lente, M.D., 
originally of North Carolina, then of Cold Spring, and 
finally of Florida, where he died, leaving three daugh- 
ters him surviving. 



XXU PREFATORY NOTE. 

4. Richard, born in 1800. graduated^from Columbia 
College and became a lawyer y but never practised. He 
married Charlotte, one of the daughters of James Mor- 
risy oj Morrisania, who died a few years after her mar- 
riage. He inherited Mount Kemble, New Jersey, front 
his U7ule, Richard, btit afterward sold it and removed 
to New York, and later to Cold Spring, where he died 
in 1888, at the age of eighty-eight. He left an only 
daughter, Mary Walton Kemble, who is still living 

5. Gertrude, the eldest daughter, married the late 
James Kirke Paulding, associated with Washington 
Irving in the publication of ''Salmagundi,'' and the 
author of many well-kftown works of fiction, and who 
was Secretary of the Navy in the administration of 
Presidefit Va7i Bur en, Mrs. Paulding died in 1841, 
leaving four sons, three of whom are still living; one, 
Mr. William I. Paulding, /taving died while this note 
was passing through the press. 

6. Mary, the youngest of the two daughters of Peter 
Kemble and Gertrude Gouver7teur, married Robert 
Parker Parrott, a graduate of West Point Military 
Academy, in 1824, a7id captain of ordnance in the 
Ufiited States Ar7fty. Havi7ig bee7i sent as an ord- 
nance officer to Cold Spri7ig fou7idry as a Govern7ne7it 
i7ispector of ca7ino7i, he beca77ie so i7iterested i7i the sub- 
ject that he resigned fro7)i the army i7i 1836, and en- 
tered the Foufidry Associatio7i as its super in te7tdc7it, 
subseque7itly leased the ivorks on the retireme7it of the 
Hoti. Gouver7ietir Keffible, his brother-in-law, carried 
thef7i 071 for 77ta7iy years, a7id finally retired from busi- 
ness with a fortu7ie, in 1867. He was the i7iventor 
a7id maker of the ''Parrott gu7i,'' which was of such 
great use a7id i7nporta7ice to the U7iited States Gove7'n- 
f7iC7it /;/ the late civil war. His widow is still living at 
Cold Spri7ig, at the great age of 7ii7iety years. 

In the ojficial British "Ar7ny Lists'' Colo7iel Stephen 
Kc7nble's fiame appears a77W7tg the half pay Deputy 
Judge Advocates up to the year 1829, which, therefore, 
was give 71 as the date of his death i7i the prefatory note 



THE KEMBLE PAPERS. 



VOL. II. 



1780-1781. 



CONTENTS. 



PAGE 

EXPEDITION TO NICARAGUA, 1 780-1 781 : 

I. KEMBLE'S JOURNALS, . . . . i 

II. KEMBLE'S ORDERS, 66 

HI. DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, . 164 

IV. INDEX, 432 

VOL. II— C 



h^. 



I. 



JOURNALS 



OF 



LIEUT.-COL. STEPHEN KEMBLE, 



BRIGADIER-GENERAL IN COMMAND 



OF THE 



EXPEDITION TO NICARAGUA. 



1780— 1 781. 



JOURNALS OF 



BRIGADIER-GENERAL KEMBLE. 



1780. 

Saturday, Jan. ist. Nothing Extraordinary, 

Stmday, Jan, 2d, Saw two Sail, spoke a Dutch Man 
from Port Prince to Curacao; fired into her 12 pounder 
Grape Shot. Captain came on board. 

Monday, Jan. jd. & 4th. Light Breezy off Cape 
Tiburon. 

Wednesday, Jan. ^th. Made Port Antonio ; thick 
Weather, and near the Breakers. 

Thursday, Jan. 6th, & yth. Wind at West ; made 
no way ; standing off and on. 

Saturday, Jan. 8th. Arrived at Montego Bay 
from New York. 

Sunday, Jan. gth. At Montego Bay. 

Wednesday, Jan. 12th. Set out on my Journey to 
Spanish Town. 

Su7iday, Jan. i6th. Got to Spanish Town. Politely 
received by the Governour ; found Captain Poison 
going on an Expedition to the Spanish Main ; offered 
my Services ; would have been accepted, but could not 
deprive Captain Poison of the Command. 

Captain Dalrymple just returned from Fort St. 
Ferdenando de Omoa, which he had surprised and 
taken by Escalade, with some Marines, and Seamen. 
Two rich Ships taken in the Harbour. 

Sunday, Jan, i6th., to Saturday, April ist. Contin- 
ued with the Regiment [First Battalion of 60th., or 



4 kemble's journal, 17S0. 

Royal American Regiment of Foot] at Spanish Town, 
find the Officers very inattentive to their duty, and 
Discipline much relaxed. The Soldiers' situation very 
much worse, as well as that of the Officers, than I had 
reason to suppose from former Accounts ; the Price of 
Provisions, and every necessity of life most extrava- 
gantly dear. The Officers and Soldiers in America 
much better ofif in every respect. The Officer Sutler 
to his Company, productive of much impropriety of 
Conduct. 

Sunday, April 2d. Decided I should go to the 
Spanish Main with a Reinforcement, and to Com- 
mand; take down about 270 Regulars, and 250 of a 
new Corps, called the Legion, composed mostly of 
Sailors. 

Monday y April loth. Sailed from Jamaica, in the 
Ulysses. Resource and Victor, Kings Ships, and 
Monarch, Venus, and Industry, Transports. 

Thursday^ April 2otk. Arrived at St. John's Har- 
bour about one o'Clock ; informed by Lieutenant 
Brown, 60th., who was left with the Command, that 
Colonel Poison left this about the ist. of the Month ; 
that he had no Intelligence of or from him. 

Friday, April 21 st. By a Letter from Mr. Samuel 
Jones, Commissary of Stores, &c., to Captain Thomp- 
son, of the Ship Horatio, dated Colorada Island. 21 miles 
up, dated April ijth. We are informed that an Ex- 
press arrived there from Colonel Poison on the Night of 
the isth.y with directions to send up all the four pound 
round shot he could. That Colonel Poison surprised 
the lookout on the loth. ; two Men wounded on our 
side, but took all Prisoners except the Officer an^ one 
Man. When the Express came away we had Attacked 
the Castle three days from a small Battery on a* Hill, 
and that Captain Neilson with one field piece was on 
the other side, whose first Shot carried away their 
Colours. The Negroes say they have no Doubt but 
. the Castle is by this time in our possession. One man 
of the 79th. killed only. ' 



kemble's journal, 1780. 5 

Upon receiving this Intelligence, I accepted with 
thanks of the offer of the Commodore to forward any 
Troops and Stores I might think most necessary to 
send up in the Men of War's Boats, and in conse- 
quence ordered a Detachment of 70 Men of the 79th. 
Regiment, and 80 of the Legion, to proceed as soon as 
possible, with the two 5>^-Inch Howitzers and their 
Apparatus, and as much Provision as the Boats will 
carry. 

Saturday, April 22d. The Weather being exceed- 
ingly bad all Yesterday, the Detachment could not 
proceed till this day at 4 in the afternoon. A Vessel 
to be prepared to go to Black River, and i for Craft 
and Slaves. The Engineers ordered to lay out a 
Battery Redoubt and Block house for the Defence of 
the Harbour. A Two Gun Battery, not finished, the 
only defence of the Harbour. By all Accounts yet 
received, the course of the River is not above 70 or 80 
Miles. 

Sunday, April 2jd, & 24th. Employed in getting 
Logs for the Redoubt. On the Evening of the latter 
day Captain Collins came from Colonel Poison for 
Provisions, having left him before Fort St. Juan, the 
Evening of the 2jd., all in good health. The Garrison 
of the Fort appear distressed for water, which our 
People cut them off from. A mine carried to the foot 
of the Fort will be ready to spring the 2^th. By the 
best Accounts it is about 50 miles to the Fort up 
the River, and from thirty to forty from thence to the 
Lake. 

Tuesday, April 2§th. Dispatched six Pitpans with 
Provisions to Colonel Poison, commanded by Captain 
Thompson. 

The Harbour of St. Johns very fine, but unhealthy ; 
the land low and marshy and covered with Mangroves 
all round. The Point very ill adapted for a Redoubt, 
but no other place. It is thought the Branch of Cara- 
taga runs within 15 miles of Town of same name. 

The Spaniards, it is thought, had no expectations of 



6 kemble's journal, 1780. 

our having a Regular force, and thought they were 
only Mosquito Indians. 

Wednesday, April 261 lu & 2'/th. Employed in 
Collecting Logs on the Point for the Battery, as the 
Transport Boats had been some days before in bring- 
ing Logs from the Mouth of the River for same 
use. 

Friday, April 28th, Mr. Shaw, the Commissary, 
arrived from Fort St. Juan's with a Craft, and de- 
spatched with a quantity of Provisions by the Even- 
ing. By Mr. Shaw I am informed he left the Fort 
the 2^th, There were then only seven days' Provisions 
remaining for the Troops under Colonel Poison. The 
Mine carried only 17 yards, and a Rock obstructed 
their further progress ; the carrying it on doubtful. 
All the four-pound Round Shot expended ; more on 
the Road. Only 40 12-pound Shot sent up; M,ore 
to be procured. Great neglect in the Officers Com- 
manding Parties, relative to the Care of Stores of all 
Sorts. The Battery at the Point much retarded on 
Account of the Want of Carpenters' and Engineers' 
Tools. 

Saturday, April 2gth. Captain Neilson came from 
the Castle. 

Sunday, April joth. Nothing Extraordinary. 

Monday, May isL All Employed on the Works. 

Tuesday, May 2d. Employed on the Works. Cap- 
tain Neilson sailed for Jamaica. All Employed on 
Works. Black Tom came from Turtle Bogue, a Sly, 
sensible fellow. Am surprised at not receiving any 
Account from Poison. 

Wednesday, May jd. In the Evening, The Admiral 
and McFarlin, two Indian Chiefs, came from Colonel 
Poison, with Accounts that the Castle Surrendered on 
the 2gth. They brought no Letters, and Stole away, 
being Sickly, in want of Provisions, etc. 

Thtirsday, May 4th, The Governor, a Sambo, 
came down with a Craft. Deserted the same Night. 

Friday^ May 5th, The Redoubt going forward as 



kemble's journal, 1780. 7 

fast as possible. Mr. Jessirick, the Engineer, ill. Mr. 
Schomberg recovering. 

Saturday, May 6th, About one o'Clock the Span- 
ish Prisoners arrived ; were put on Board the Venus 
Transport till the Monarch could be prepared for 
their reception ; 202 officers included. The King, Ad- 
miral and Duke, Mosquito Chiefs, with a Guard, 
brought them down in 14 Craft. These Indians had 
been very sickly at the Fort, were much dispirited, 
and Angry at not being allowed to Plunder the Castle 
and make Slaves of all the Prisoners they took; could 
not be persuaded to return. 

Sunday y May yth. Understand all the Indians 
intend going off with their Craft; find myself under 
a necessity of seizing their Craft. The King and Ad- 
miral come on Board to complain ; give each a Boat 
to go Home with. The Duke gone off in a small Boat, 
and obliged his People to walk. My distress for the 
want of Men to Navigate the Craft very great, and 
at a loss how to surmount it. Collect all the hands I 
can find; finished all my Public Letters this Evening; 
and put the direction of the Battery in the hands of 
Captain Collingwood. 

Monday, May 8th. Set out for the Castle with 
Major of Brigade Brown and Doctor Welsh, leaving 
Colonel Dalrymple in the Command at the Harbour, 
with directions to forward the Boats with Provisions 
and Stores with all possible despatch. Proceeded 
about nine miles that night ; the weather bad, so much 
so that we could not make a fire. 

Tuesday, May gth. Got to Captain Cooper's Post 
at half past two. This Post lays upon an Island 
about 21 Miles from the Harbour. I should have ob- 
served that the River Nicaragua runs into St. Johns 
about 2>^ miles from the Harbour. I found no sort 
of a Redoubt at this Post, and the Men in a miserable 
condition. The River to this place is low and shoaly, 
not half a Mile wide, and interspersed with a num- 
ber of Islands covered with fine Scotch Grass. The 



8 kemble's journal, 1780. 

Banks are low. and the Country near the Post seems 
to be drowned. Though it rained fifteen days, we, 
though in a Canoe, run frequently aground. The 
woods abound in Game, such as Warrus, or wild Hogs, 
Guanas, Ducks, Pigeons, Currasoa Birds, Quams, both 
as big as Turkeys. 

Wednesday, May loth. Left Cook's Post about 7 
in the morning, and proceeded about ten mile 
through a continued heavy Rain ; encamped upon a 
sandy point about 3 o'Clock ; made a large fire and 
dried our moist Blankets and Clothes ; but we were 
pestered with such numbers of Mosquitoes that we 
could take no rest. The land from Cook's Post to this 
is higher than below, and about 5 miles from Cook's 
Post we saw large stones for the first time. The 
River here is about three-quarters of a mile in 
breadth ; is more rapid, but less shoaly than lower 
down. A great quantity of Game in the Woods 
here, and the greatest variety of beautiful feathered 
Birds. By the Luxuriancy of the Scotch Grass you 
see in many places, it is supposed that the Soil is very 
rich upon the River in General. 

Thursday^ May nth. Left our Encampment at a 
quarter after six ; the first three miles rapid, the 
fourth smooth, still water ; a long, low sand point, or 
Island, stretching from the right towards the left of 
the River. Paddled about 3 miles further ; Strong 
Water ; here we saw heaps of Stone at a Point. 
Passed the Mouth of the Serapequi River; at its 
junction with the St. John's there is a strong Rapid. 
Made about 10 miles this day, and slept on Board the 
Lord Germain. The Country on each side of the 
River is higher than below, and the Current stronger. 

Friday, May 12th. Left the Lord Germain a 
quarter before Seven ; the morning close with small 
Showers of Rain ; halted at 8 on a sandy point stretch- 
ing from the left two-thirds across the River, sup- 
posed six or seven miles from where we left the Ger- 
main ; the land on each side of the River higher than 



kemble's journal, 1780. 9 

usual. At three-quarters past four landed upon alow 
sandy point on the right hand, about 6 miles further ; 
here we found a Gun Carriage and some Boxes of 
Artillery Stores left by some of the People, — they say 
by the Ulysses* long Boat. Here the River rose 
during the Night near a foot, which it always does, 
and falls in the day time ; came this day about 1 3 
miles. 

Saturday, May ijth. Departed from our Encamp- 
ment a quarter after Six ; paddled about 3 miles, and 
had a view of the high Mountains which lay over the 
Costa Rica River. On approaching we could discover 
the small Chain of Mountains which extend from the 
above towards the Carataga River, and forms four 
distinct tops. Advancing a mile more we made a 
small Island on the River, and a considerable open- 
ing on the left, which is an entrance into the Cara- 
taga. We kept the right hand shore till we came 
abreast of the lower point of an Island, pretty high, 
and Commands the passage of both Rivers perfectly. 
We then crossed to it, and went to it, keeping it upon 
our left for about a quarter of a mile, — the length as 
near as we could judge. In the first Channel of the 
Costa Rica, and in a line with the lower end of the 
Island, is a very high sand bank ; but, from there 
being very little or no herbage upon it, suppose it 
overflown at times. After getting above the Island 
we stop upon another sand bank at the mouth of 
the upper passage of the Costa Rica, formed by the 
Island mentioned before. This Island is so well 
Calculated for a Post that I mean to Establish one 
there as soon as possible. The Costa Rica has the 
appearance of a much larger and broader River than 
the St. John's. About a Mile from this you come to 
still water. We found the right hand Shore, during our 
morning's Paddle, very Rocky, which is uncommon. 
As we pursued our route we found the Lands rising 
here and there into Beautiful Hills, and at some 
places into very high Mountains. The Land appears 



lO KEMBLE*S JOURNAL, 1780. 

to be good, and, if Cultivated, would produce every 
article of Life in Abundance. We encamped about 
5 o'clock, having made that day about 17 miles. The 
River varies its course very often during the whole 
course of it. 

Su7tday, May 14th, Arrived at the Falls about 8 
in the morning. Came about 4 Miles. Found Lieut. 
Tassart's Legion there with two Craft that could not 
make their way up. Landed and walked up the first 
and second Rapids, a narrow path through the woods. 
Came to an encampment and landing. Waited for 
the Boat, which got to us at half past ten. The land 
we marched over a cold Clay and not of the best 
quality. Two mile higher we met Captain Schroters 
with fifteen craft of all sorts. Received letters from 
Colonel Poison ; in consequence wrote to the Officer 
Commanding at the Harbour of St. John's. Landed 
at the 3d Rapid and marched to look out Island, 
which is about half a mile in length and one quarter 
in breadth. Here we arrived about 3 o*Clock, and 
stayed all night with a Corporal and 24 of 79th. 
Regiment, who had come to the foot of the Falls in 
the two Craft. At the upper end of look out Island 
you ford very easily from the right hand shore going 
up. Found an open breast work upon the lower end 
of the Island, and fixture for a Swivel or Blunder- 
buss to command the passage of the River. This 
day's distance we suppose to be about 10 miles to the 
foot of the Falls, and six to look out Island. 

Monday y May i§lk. Left look out Island at half 
past 6 morning ; Current very strong for a mile and 
a half above it. Got to the Castle about half-past 
Eleven ; you observe it near a mile and a half before 
you get up ; the Country seems to be rich about, 
and the Trees luxuriant. Took the Command of 
the Troops ; find everything in disorder, owing to 
the weak state of the whole, not having a Relief 
for the Guard. 

Mo7iday, May i6th. General Order. All the 



kemble's journal, 1780. II 

Plank Timber, &c., to be reserved for Public Service; 
the Soldiers to fetch their Fuel from the Wood. 

All orders heretofore given by Colonel Poison are 
to continue in force, and such other Orders as he may 
think necessary to give are to be obeyed ; the Spanish 
Prisoners and Slaves to be employed in Cleansing the 
Castle. 

Wednesday, May ijth. Colonel Poison appointed 
to Act as Quarter Master General, and to Command 
the Battalion of Regulars till further orders. This 
day dispatched Mr. W 1 to the Lake. 

Thursday, May i8th. igth. and 20th. The Trans- 
actions of these days will appear in Orderly Books. 
(Note.) From my arrival gave every direction for the 
Preservation of Provision, Stores, etc. ; but have no 
one to put it in Execution, all being Sick. Our Camp 
and other Guards very inadequate to the duty, but 
must say very Insufficient, and we may be surprised 
without a possibility of preventing it. Captain 
Bulkely, of 79th., ordered to Act as Adjutant-General 
during the absence of Adjutant-General Mounsey. 

Sunday, May 21st. Orders for all Soldiers who 
die to be buried a distance from the Encampment. A 
Captain of the day appointed. 

Monday, May 2 2d, Commanding Officers of Corps 
to send a return of such Men as understand burning 
of Charcoal. Necessary places being made in front 
of the Encampment, no Soldier or other person to 
ease himself anywhere else, as nothing contributes 
more to the Preservation of health than cleanliness. 
Such as are found to disobey this order will be 
severely punished. 

Tuesday, May 2jd. All Soldiers Employed as 
Artificers, and who really understand their business, 
will from hence forward be allowed 5 Bitts per day 
for each day they Work ; the Engineer to keep a list 
of them and settle their Accounts every Saturday 
Evening, that there may not be any complaints here- 
after. 



12 kemble's journal, 1780 

Commanding Officers are desired to order all the 
tools in possession of their Corps, and near them, 
to be collected and given in Charge of the Guard. 
Officers are requested to apply to the Engineer when 
they want Tools, as the loss of them would be very 
prejudicial to the Service. In Consequence of an 
Official Letter from Major Cribb to Capt. Bulkely, he 
is appointed Captain-Lieutenant ; Colvil, Lieutenant ; 
and Ensign Schomberg, Lieutenant. 

A Return of the Masons in each Corps to be sent 
to M. B. Brown immediately ; these People to be 
employed in repairing the Roofs of the different 
Apartments in the Fort, — very necessaiy for the Offi- 
cers who may be sick during the Rainy Season, and to 
cover the Garrison in case of our proceedingfurther up. 
Wednesday, May 24th. Nothing Extraordinary, 
but the increase of our Sick. 

Thursday y May 2^th. Arrived two Craft with 
Provision from the Harbour, with them came Lieut. 
Hill arid 26 Men who had been left on board the 
Lord Germain, which Vessel got to the Falls on the 
2ist, Capt. Thompson and Lieut. Patterson, black 
Company, gone to her Assistance with 30 Men, and 
some rope, to get or endeavor to get her over the 
Falls. 

Friday, May 26th, Nothing extraordinary, but my 
Indisposition confirmed. 

Saturday, May 2yih. Mr. Despard, the Engineer, 
went up the River, and entered a Creek, upon the right 
hand, about two Mile from the Fort; saw a number of 
Tracks of Horses, of mules shod, of Horned Cattle, 
and men on foot. My Baggage Boat arrived with a 
Woeful Account of my Stores, the whole of my Wine 
almost being destroyed. The Pilots (Spanish) say 
they are Indians who lived in the Woods, are gone to 
Granada, but have no village except temporary Huts; 
may be all such. 

Su7tday, May 28th. The Engineer went again up 
the River to make further researches. 



KEMBLE*S JOURNAL, I780. 1 3 

Monday, May 2gtk. Doctor Saunderson arrived 
from the Harbour, which he left on the i^tlu; unhappy 
to learn from him the Death of Messrs. Mounsey and 
Jeserick. He informs me that two Boats, Manned by 
the Legion, came to Capt. Cook's Post from some dis- 
tance up the River ; that they had been partly Manned 
by Spaniards, who mutinied, got the Better of the 
Officers and the Men, and went off with their Arms, etc. 
The Lord Germain over the second fall. 

Tuesday y May joth. and jist. Nothing Extraor- 
dinary. 

Thursday, June J sL Col. Dalrymple arrived. Hear 
of part of the 3 pounder Apparatus being lost by the 
Craft oversetting ; and great difficulty in getting the 
Provision forward. Not capable, from my extreme 
illness, of doing any business. Dr. Welche's fatigue 
has brought a Fever on him. 

Friday, June 2d. Verj' low indeed and not adequate 
to business of any sort. 

Saturday, June jd. Mr. Shaw arrived. Am told 
Craft with Provisions may be expected. Still incapable 
of any business. 

Sunday, June 4th. Something better, but not equal 
to Public business. 

Monday, June ^tk. and 6th. Continue so much dis- 
ordered in my head that I can do no business. The 
Lord Germain arrived this day. 

Wednesday, June jth. Removed to the Castle. 
Much indisposed. Sent twenty sick to the Harbour. 

Thursday, June 8th. Capt. Collins came from the 
Harbour by the Nicaragua Branch, which takes its 
course to the right about one and a half Mile from the 
Harbour. Many Craft on the way, but they find great 
difficulty, from Sickness, etc., to get on. The Soldiers 
in general knocked up before they get here and recover 
very slow indeed. 

This day Capt. Hallam and Lieut. Leo went down 
sick, as also Capt. Colvil, to command at the harbour, 
with about 70 Sick Men. 



14 kemble's journal, 1780. 

Friday, June gth. Seized last night with a Spasm 
at Pit of Stomach, as I was on the Night of 8th. and 
gth. 

Remarks on Castle, which was built 125 Years ago, 
and so situated on a rising ground, the Ascent to it on 
every side steep, except the West, at which point you 
enter it ; on the East and North our Soldiers made a 
lodgment under the Hill, by which means the Garrison 
was totally cut off from Water, which obliged them to 
Surrender ; here the River forms a Rapid and is about 
400 Yards across. The Fort is in length about 65 
Yards, the breadth 31, with four Bastions, one at each 
Angle, there are five Entrances in each Bastion and 
four in the Eastern Curtain, which are placed there to 
Annoy the Boats coming up the River. 

There is an imperfect Ditch round it about 10 foot 
wide and three deep, a small Barrack, and Pickets on 
it, from the N. W. to the S. E. Bastion. The Height 
of the wall from the bottom of the Ditch to the 
Cordon is about 1 1 feet, and from that to the top of 
the wall about 4. There are Hills to the S. and W. 
of it much higher, and not above 300 Yards distance, 
so that Artillery from 9 to 18 pounders would reduce 
it in a few days. The Hill on which the Fort stands 
is supposed to be one hundred feet higher than the 
River. The Soldiers afflicted with Bilious, Remitting, 
and Intermitting fevers, with fluxes. 

From 2 2d. May to the gth. June the Officers have 
been, to a man, almost all sick. The Men's Tents so bad 
that they keep out no water. My Intention to build 
Huts, but have not Men to do it, and Provisions very 
scarce. So much so as to Alarm me. Relapses almost 
certain the moment a Soldier does any duty. The 
Troops so sickly that some Corps have not a Man fit 
for duty, and the few Guards we have obliged to remain 
from two to six days on duty. The Negroes from the 
Bay of Honduras stand the Climate and are better 
Calculated for Service in this Country than any other 
People. Craft they are clever at; our Soldiers from 



kemble's journal, 1780. 1 5 

20 to 30 days on the passage from the Harbour, and 
arrive mostly sick, when these People would make 
the Voyage in 12 or 15 days and few suffer by it 

There should be an additional Officer and a Sur- 
geon appointed to each Company in this Climate. 
Mr. Welche almost the only Surgeon who is able to 
Visit the Sick, and his fatigue has brought a Fever 
on him. 

The Moisture is so great, that small boxes joined 
by Glue fall asunder. From December to May is the 
proper time for Expeditions in this Country. The 
difficulty in transporting Provisions, Stores, &c., from 
the Harbour not to be expressed, and the inatten- 
tion of Officers and others in the Transportation of 
Artillery and other Military Stores, which have been 
lost on the way and destroyed in a most shameful 
manner. 

Saturday, June loth. Our Officers and Men still 
continue Sick, and no Amendment. 

Su7tday, Jtme nth. The Germain got over the 
Rapids this day ; all the Carpenters we can muster Em- 
ployed on her; hope She will be ready in 6 or 7 days. 
Mr. Despard gone to the Lake. 

Monday, Ju7ie 12th. All hands employed on the 
Germain. Received Dispatches from General Dalling. 

Tuesday, June ij. Mr. Despard returned, having 
come upon a Spanish Sentry on the morning of Yester- 
day, about i5o Yards from Redoubt at the right hand 
point of the Lake, which Port the Spaniards have oc- 
cupied ; the severest stroke could be given us, but we 
mean to attempt its possession in a short time, and as 
soon as the Flat Boat can possibly be got fit to sail. 

Wednesday, June i^fth. Nothing Extraordinary. At 
noon, Mr. Despard, the Engineer, and Captain Davis, 
amaica Volunteers, went this Evening to get further 
ntelligence of the Enemy's Motion at the Lake. 

Thursday, June i^th. Some Rain and very close 
Moist Weather, considered by the Doctor as the princi- 
pal cause of the fevers, which return so often in his 



1 6 KEMBLE*S JOURNAL, 1780. 

patients that he is quite dispirited. The Rains by every 
Account set in generally at this time and continue till the 
month of August ; then the Weather is better till Sep- 
tember, when the rain sets in again and lasts till latter 
end of November, when dog weather comes on, and 
strong Easterly Winds from the Sea keep it healthy 
till the beginning of May. The want of proper nourish- 
ment, both for Officers and Private Men, the cause of 
their continuing so low, and the want of Blankets and 
necessaries contributes to it, some of the Legion having 
nothing but a Shirt and pair of Trowsers, and some of 
the 79th. very ill off indeed, Neither Blanket or Shoe 
or Stocking. This day Ensign Plees, of 60th., arrived 
in the Chiketa with some Artillery Stores. 

Friday, June i6tli. Nothing Extraordinary but my 
own health mending. 

Saturday y Ju7ie ijth. A strange and uncommon neg- 
lect of duty happened in the Castle last Night. Five of 
the Indians Prisoners, two of whom were Pilots (and 
whom I intended to Employ) upon the Lake, made 
their Escape through the shameful neglect of the Guard 
and Want of Discipline of the Corps (L. L C). These 
People had been confined every Night regularly by my 
order, but when Colonel Dalrymple came up I was 
Sick in Camp, and recollect telling him he might put his 
men in the Castle, The Guard of which he promised 
to take ; from which time the Prisoners were suffered to 
lay upon the Ramparts. The Guard reduced from 
fifteen to six, and no Sentries but one at the Gate, and 
one in the Area below, when formerly there were five, 
one in each Bastion. They will no doubt find their 
way to the Enemy, who are not above thirty Miles off, 
therefore this Escape must be deemed unfortunate to 
us, and of great consequence to the Spaniards, if we 
grant those fellows were capable of adjusting what they 
might have heard and seen. 

Sunday, June iSth, Went to see the Lord Germain 
for the first time this morning ; don't find her in that for- 
wardness I expected. 



kemble's journal, 1780. 17 

Monday y June igth. Captain Lamb, who never was 
sick in any other place, had a fever Yesterday. 

Tuesday, June 20th. Two of Legion discovered the 
Prisoners that had Escaped, about half a Mile above 
the Advance Guard, and parties were sent aft^r them ; 
found their Hut and a Raft they were making, which 
they destroyed, 

Wednesday, June 21st, Lieut. Despard, the En- 
g[ineer, and Captain Davis returned this Evening from a 
Reconnoitering party. Lieut. Despard being ill, Captain 
Davis reconnoitered the Spanish Post and brought the 
following Account, Viz. : that on the 15th. June, at 11 
o'clock at Night, arrived at a small Creek, where we 
hauled upon our Dorey and Pitpan, and next morning 
proceeded to Cut a Path through the Woods. The party — 
then consisting of Eleven Men and a Serjeant, directed 
by Mr. Despard, Engineer — Continued cutting the path 
all that and the next day, which I suppose to be about 
a Mile in length, and on the igth. I advanced with one 
Man, making the smallest trace I could; at 12 o'Clock 
the Man from the top of a high tree, acquainted me he 
saw the Enemy, I immediately Climbed to the Top, and 
discovered a schooner and Sloop, moored as laid down 
in the annexed Sketch. In the Schooner, I think I ob- 
served four Port holes in her side, but no Guns out ; in 
the Sloop three, with one Gun on each side. On an 
Eminence 60 feet perpendicular from the Surface of the 
Water, and just at the point, I saw the Enemy busily 
employed in erecting a Battery and the Parapet, com- 
posed of Logs filled with Earth. That side of the Hill, 
facing the River appears to be well defended by an 
Abbattis, or Trees felled at all Angles to the point, 
where there seems to be a passage or Communication- 
with the River. The whole inclosure on the East side 
is made up of an indifferent fence of Poles and Stock- 
ades. 

The Ground on the opposite side from where I ob- 
served the Enemy is all Marshy and low, but not in my 
opinion altogether impassable for Cannon. On the 

VOL. II — 2 



l8 KEMBLE*S JOURNAL, 1 780. 

20th, I went nearer the Enemy, and searched around 
for high or firm ground attended by one Man, the party 
then consisting of three Men, whom I ordered to remain 
at a certain spot till my return or they heard from me, 
and continued to make my Observations, but found at 
my Return they were gone ; when I came up to Mr. 
Despard and found they had not come to him, I dis- 
patched four Men in search of them who at 4 o'CIock 
at night returned without any account of them. I im- 
mediately ordered the Men to bring the Dorey and 
Embarked the remainder of the party with Mr. Despard 
and myself, apprehending the consequence of Desertion ; 
leaving however a Pitpan and 3 Paddles, in case this 
had not been the case, to enable them to return. 
(Signed) Edward Davis, 

Captain Irish Royal Volunteers. 

Thursday, June 22d. Employed in finishing my 
Letters. 

Friday, June 2jd. Mr. Shaw set off with my Dis- 
patches with Capt. Campbell, Superintendent of Crafts, 
who resigned the Evening before, and Capt. Dalrymple. 
Very short of Provisions. Capt. Aldred, Legion, Capt. 
Harrison, L.I.C., Lieut. Gascoyne, 79th., Lieut. Tom- 
perly, 79th., and Volunteer Vernon, 79th., gone down 
to the Harbour for their health. 

Saturday, June 24th. The Germain will be in 
readiness to Sail to-morrow morning ; have appointed 
Major McDonald to Command her, when he thinks 
proper, and Mr. McAlister to be Lieutenant of her, 
during good behaviour. 

Sunday, June 2^th. Very much surprised at a sight 
of not one Craft from below. Mr. Baldwin, with Mr. 
Shaw's Pitpans, and fourteen Men, went to Falls, 21st, 
Mr. Collins went down before, and Mr. Johnes, Store 
Keeper of Artillery, went Yesterday, none of which 
have been heard of except Collins, who, we are told, is 
gone to the Harbour. 

Monday,, June 26th, The Germain got under way 



kemble's journal, 1780. 19 

to proceed up the River, but the Evening proving very 
bad she came to. Heavy Rains and a great Flood ; two 
of our Craft and a Pitpan gone a Drift. The following 
Appointments put in orders this day : 

Jamaica Volunteers. — Lieutenant and Adjutant John 
Pellett to be Captain vice Bertrand deceased /////. May^ 
1780; Ensign Simon Booth to be Lieutenant vice 
Pellett preferred lyth. May, 1780; James Farquahar, 
Gentleman, to be Ensign vice Booth preferred lyth. 
May, 1780; Mr. Bryan Mighan to be Adjutant vice 
Pellett 26th. June, 1780 ; Mr. William McDonald to be 
Quarter Master 26th. Ju7t€, 1 780. 

Tuesday, June 2yth. A heavy Rain last Night, which 
raised the Water upwards of a foot by 1 2 o'Clock, when 
our Craft began to be carried away, two of which are 
gone ; the rest saved by timely assistance ; surprised 
that not any Craft are at the look out. 

Wednesday^ June 28th, Nothing Extraordinary. 

Thursday, June 2gth. Send Capt. Lamb to know 
the reason why the Craft are not up. Our Provisions 
very scanty indeed, but depend upon the Vigilance and 
Activity of Capt. Thompson, B. R. Company, and Mr. 
Shaw, that it is sent up in time. 

The Rainy Season appears to be set in. 

The Garrison Major, McDonald, writes me, will be 
at the Falls this Night, send him a Chain (Iron), some 
Rope, 8 Buckets, &c., &c., &c. The Carpenters hard 
at Work on the Craft. 

Friday, June joth. Mr. Fonley and others arrived 
with seven Craft, most of them 30 days on the way. 
We were then reduced to six days* Provision, and they 
brought up only three Barrels of Pork and fifteen Barrels 
Flour, a great deal of which was damaged. The Mor- 
tah'ty and great Sickness of the Soldiery gives me much 
uneasiness ; the Officers also very low for want of proper 
Nourishment. 

Saturday, July ist. All hands at Work in preparing 
to g'et forward, but things move slowly. 

Sunday, July 2d. Hardly a doubt but the Rains are 



20 kemble's journal, 1780. 

set in, having Showers daily, but it does not fall in such 
quantities as to raise the Waters much. 

Monday y July jd. Capt. Collins arrived from the 
Harbour with 4I Barrels Pork, a seasonable supply, 
though our stock is still very low, having not more than 
Nineteen days' provisions. 

This Evening the Detachments of 60th. and 79th. 
moved up to the River under the Command of Cap- 
tain Davis, of the Jamaica Volunteers, not having 
one Officer of 60th. or 79th. fit for duty. They Pro- 
ceed to the Flat Boat and remain with her till my 
arrival. 

Tuesday^ July 4th. Much rain in the morning, 
which prevented our Work going forward. 

Wednesday, July ^th. The Troops ordered to Em- 
bark at 6, morning ; but the Boats were not ready to 
receive them. The carelessness of all Departments and 
inattention to duty is the cause of great destruction of 
Stores, being suffered to lie in the Rain and Water for 
Weeks, and even the heads of Departments either do 
not know their duty or will not do it, for they take no 
Notice of these things ; and if you Ask the Reason, they 
have no Men to remove them with, and are too lazy 
to ask for Assistance or the Climate has such an Effect 
upon them as to destroy all Exertion. 

Memorandum for Captain Despard, left in the Com- 
mand of the Castle. 

To Employ the Convalescents as soon as possible in 
making Musket Cartridges which are much wanted. 
To collect as many Convalescents (Boatmen) as will 
Navigate the Royal George to the Harbour. The 
Repairs She may require for the purpose trifling and 
may be fitted by the Carpenters in a few hours. She 
will take as many Sick as possible, and such Officers as 
may remain who have leave to go to the Harbour. If 
Necessary, one Man to Conduct her through the Falls 
will answer the purpose ; the Soldiers to row if no others 
to be had ; your consumption of Provisions will be 
essened by it. 



KEMBLE'S journal, 1780. 21 

No Work will be done by the Carpenters if not Su- 
perintended by an Officer. The Ditch round the Castle 
to be cleaned, and the Soldiers prevented from throw- 
\T\cr filth but in the Common Sewer. 

The Smiths are likewise to be attended to when 
Employed ; some coal lately burnt should be taken care 
of. The Spanish Women and Men Prisoners to be 
employed at your discretion, but not to be subject to 
the Orders of every Person. They bring Water for 
the use of the Troops in the Castle Morning and 
Evening. 

Your Provisions should be attended to, and if Sup- 
plies do not come in time, the Allowance to be dimin- 
ished, and some Indian Corn given to make up the 
difference, of which there is a quantity in the Castle, 
but even that must be managed. 

A Pitpan is left you to send down the Falls when 
Craft arrive, but you may have some Barrels brought 
with more dispatch, and to be forwarded to me without 
delay. 

If it is possible for you to repair the Roofs of the 
different Apartments in the Castle, you will be doing a 
most desirable thing, either with Tile, Boards, or any 
other way in your power. 

The Troops to go up the River, ordered to embark 
to-morrow morning. The weather very Close, and 
Rains more frequent. Lieut. Charlton, 60th.; Lieut. 
Cook, Irish Volunteers ; Lieut. Tassart and Ensign 
Wilcox, Legion ; Doctors Gallagher and Barns, with 
thirty-nine Sick Men, left this for the Harbour about 2 
o'clock, as also Ensign Vernon. 

Thursday, July 6th, Sir Alexander Leith arrived 
from the Harbour, about 10 o'Clock, very ill of a Fever. 
Heavy Rains this day. Lieut. Haldimand, of 60th., died 
this Evening. The Troops ordered to Embark to- 
morrow. 

Friday, July yth. The Troops sailed up the River 
though the day was very unfavourable, the Rains con- 
tinuing with heavy showers ; about 25o Soldiers 



2 2 KEMBLE's journal, I 780. 

Embarked, but one hundred of them useless, being 
Convalescents in a weakly state. 

Saturday, July 8th. Embarked early this day, leaving 
Sir Alexander Leith in the Command of the Troops at 
the Castle, with Capt. Dixon and Despard. About 
half after 8 morning found the Provision Boat and Com- 
missary, with the Convalescent boat of L. L C, at the 
advanced Post, who could get no further, being weakly 
Manned and the current strong. The Artillery boat a 
little higher notable to get on. About two and an half 
Miles we passed a Creek on the right hand, called Santa 
Cruzo ; 7 Miles up there is a Plantain Walk which the In- 
dians higher up clear at times ; these Indians are of the 
Rama Tribe. A Mile and an half further we passed 
another Creek called Poco Sol, the Current increasing- 
to the foot of the Rapids. The Rapid is about half a Mile 
through, but the Water above it, for a Mile more, almost 
as strong as the Rapid itself. About half after two 
reached the Germain, leaving most of the Craft at the 
foot of the Rapids, and to my great surprise found She 
had only that day got over them, owing to her ground- 
ing some days prior, from whence she was Extricated 
on the Night of the yth, by a flood, or She would have 
remained there time out of Mind, though all her Guns, 
&c., were taken out. This Afternoon and night it rained 
with great Violence, so much so to prevent the Troops 
from kindling fires and they suffered much. A Craft, 
with 25 or 30 Convalescents of Loyal Irish Corps could 
not get higher than the look out about a Mile above the 
Casde, and returned to it, never joining us. This Night 
was the most uncomfortable one I had experienced and 
fatigued me much. 

Sunday, July gth. Pushed forward this • morning 
early, and, at half a Mile distance passed through two 
Islands, between which the Water runs with extreme 
force. We then quitted that Shore and went to the 
opposite one, gaining it at a point opposite to which 
there is a creek called Savan, upon which there are 
abundance of Plantain Walks and some Indian Settle- 



kemble's journal, i780i 23 

ments of the Rama Tribe. The River has but little 
current here, and after Paddling about a Mile crossed 
to a Spanish Encampment, which was afterwards called 
Kemble's Camp. There I remained to wait for the 
Troops, and ordered the Boatmen, &c., to dry their 
Clothes. The Hospital Boat arrived about twoo'Clock. 
Col. Poison, Lieut. Plees, Capt. Sheldon, Capt. Lamb, 
Lieut. Fahy, Capt. McDonald, Lieut. Craskell, Lieut. 
Morrison, Gun Boat, Quarter Master Mackay, with Col. 
Dalrymple s Baggage, two Pitpans, with three Barrels of 
flour and some Pork, succeeded. The day very fine, 
and I ordered the Troops to dry their Clothes, &c. Sent 
my Hunter out, who returned with success. Went to 
bed early and made up for last Night's fatigue. 

Monday, July loth. Sent my Hunter out, who re- 
turned with four Monkeys, which were distributed to the 
Officers, and are very good Eating ; at least we thought 
so, and conquered all prejudice. 

The Germain passed us about this day with a fine fair 
Wind, which pushed her up about 7 Miles, where I 
ordered her to remain. Capt. Davis, Irish Volunteers, 
came up this Evening with a large Spanish Craft. The 
Commissary arrived in a Dorey about same time with 
some Provisions. Went this afternoon to see the State 
of the Boats below. This day has been fair and pleas- 
ant. Sent Capt. Collins, with spare hands, to assist the 
Craft. 

Tuesday, July nth. The Artillery Boat arrived this 
morning, and two large Craft about Noon. Gave the 
Surgeon -General orders to collect the Sick Officers and 
Men and send them to the Castle. Lieut. Colbourn and 
Quarter Master McKay, of Legion, with about 7 Men, 
were sent upon this occasion. Four days' Provisions 
issued this day at short allowance, and astonished to 
receive a Report from the Commissary that there is 
scarcely two days* left. Sent a Pitpan instantly to the 
Castle for more, having left a large Pitpan, previous to 
my departure, to be sent on that Service from the Castle 
to the Falls. A false Account this day that Provisions 



24 kemble's journal, 1780. 

were arrived at Falls ; loss of Ammunition, want of Pro- 
visions, Sickness, &c., distract me. 

Received Account this day from Mr. Shaw, at the 
Harbour, painting the extremest distress of all Ranks 
of People, reporting the return of the Monarch Flag 
truce ship, and that it was utterly impossible to send any 
of the Troops away, for want of men to Navigate the 
Transports ; proposing to man them from the Batteaux 
Men, not to be granted in our situation ; that large sup- 
plies had come from Jamaica of every thing wrote for, 
and I must acknowledge Gen. Balling's attention has 
been great. 

Wednesdayy July 12th. Frequent showers of Rain 
this whole day. Col. Dalrymple returned from the 
Germain sick this day, proceeded to the Castle, from 
whence he went to the Harbour. Want of Provisions 
detain me here (Kembles Camp). Want of order and 
the cause of it. Want of Proper Officers in the Different 
Departments, no aid or assistance to be had from any 
of them, and, what is Worse, not one of them know their 
duty. Should an Expedition be undertaken in this 
part of the work, hereafter, the Officer who is to Com- 
mand should take warning and read my History, and 
should, above all, provide himself with Craft and Negroes 
in abundance, no other people being able to stand the 
Climate, and, above all things, to guard against his 
Stores being spoiled by the Weather, by covering them 
with Tarpaulings. Casks are worm-eaten and the liquor 
runs out in the course often days. 

Thursday, July ijtk. Violent Rains for the most 
part of this forenoon ; a Pitpan arrived and brought only 
a Puncheon of Rum, no Provisions having arrived at 
the Castle ; a most mortifying disappointment, but our 
Soldiers hear it with patience and fortitude. The Troops 
at the Castle two days without any Provision. 

Friday, July 14th. A Violent Rain all the preceding 
night ; every Soul wet in Camp. Went to Visit the Ger- 
main this morning, seven Miles up the River, taking 
Provisions with me for those on board ; we were two 



kemble's journal, 1780. 25 

hours and three quarters going up in a Dorey with six 
Paddles. The lands low both sides of the River, sent, 
out some Men of each Corps to hunt, having got some 
shell shot from the Castle. These Hunters brouofht 
sufficient to make Soup for the Sick, and a small pro- 
portion to the Soldiers in general. My uneasiness much 
increased from the prospect of a total want of Provis- 
ions, being run very short indeed. 

Saturday y July 15th. Went up the river this morn- 
ing to look for Game with the Quarter Master General ; 
determined to remove the Encampment, the ground we 
were then on being rather low and wet from the great 
quantity of Rain that had fallen ; found a spot proper 
for the purpose about a Mile and an half up. About 
four o'clock we discovered the Pitpan, to our great 
joy, but vastly disappointed to find She had only Indian 
Corn in, and that Weavely. Major McDonald, Captain 
Davis, and Doctor Watson came down this Afternoon 
from the Germain ; Captain Davis had returned that 
morning from viewing the Enemy's Works at the head 
of the River, informs me that the Vessels were almost in 
the same Position, the Sloop having only fallen a little 
lower down into the Mouth of the River ; That they 
were at work a little below the Redoubt, and near the 
Water, — he supposed to defend a landing. 

Sunday y July i6th. About ten this morning arrived at 
New Encampment (called Poison's), situated on a Point ; 
is high and dry upon East side of the River. Went down 
in a Pitpan, dispatched for Provisions, six Sick Soldiers. 

Monday, July lyth. A Pitpan arrived this Evening 
with three Barrels flour and one of Pork, the same 
should have come from the Castle two days before, but 
by the Drunkenness of the hands was carried below the 
Rapids and a Corporal drowned. This supply far short 
of what was necessary to enable me to proceed up the 
River, and served only to Victual the Troops for i8tk, 
and i^tk, at 4 Ounces of Pork, 6 Flour, and a pint of 
Corn ; for 20th. 2}i ounces Pork, and 9 ounces Flour and 
half a pint Corn ; impossible to proceed with this small 



25 kemble's journal, 1 780, 

supply. Smart Showers all Night, and some in the 
day. 

Tuesday, July i8i/u My impatience for Provisions 
and desire of knovvincr the State of Affairs in their true 
liorht induce me to send Captain Poison to the Castle. 
Went to the Germain this morning ; carried Flour and 
Pork for the Crew ; the Weather fair and pleasant ; 
Major Mac Donald, Captain Davis, and Captain Collins, 
whom I sent up, gone in Search of Plantains, &c., to 
Morilio Creek, said to be about five Miles forward. 
The Germain lies near a large Creek on her right, and 
a point ahead, which covers her in some measure ; 
returned to the Encampment about 2 o'Clock. 

About 2 o'clock a Pitpan arrived from the Castle 
with 3 Barrels Powder and some Cordage. 

Lieut. Fahy and Davis, and Ensign Plees, of 60th., 
Sick; the only Officers of that Corps on this Service. 
Ensign Craskel, of Loyal Irish, the only Officer of his 
Corps fit for duty. 

Captain Thomson and Lieutenant Morris the only 
officers with the Legion, and both s'ck. Major Mac 
Donald and Captain Mac Donald unwell ; the latter and 
Ensign Turner only doing duty at present ; from the 
above we have only four or five half Starved Emaciated 
Officers to do duty, and the Soldiers falling down fast. 

Wednesday, July igth. Informed of two (esteemed 
trusty men from Curasoa) having deserted from the 
Germain ; they were sent hunting, but imprudently on 
the wrong side of the River, though I warned Major 
Mac Donald against it, and that the Hunters should 
come two or three Miles below the Vessel ; it rained 
incessantly all day. 

Thursday, July 20th, Major Mac Donald and Cap- 
tain Davis came to me this day with the following 
Account, that they left the Germain on the morning of 
the i8th. with Captain Collins, in quest of Morilio Creek, 
some Miles up which they have to go for Plantains ; that 
after rowing some time, and, as the Major thought, as 
far as the Creek ought to be, he questioned a Spanish 



kemble's journal, 1780. 27 

Prisoner, who promised to guide, and pretended to 
know it if they were not near ; who answered it was still 
higher, and soon till he brought them to the Island just 
below the Spanish Post, which Captain Davis knew per- 
fectly well ; and they were then convinced the fellow 
meant to betray them ; however, as he had gone so far, 
he waited till Night, and went softly up the side of the 
River till he came within a small distance of the Spanish 
Vessels ; could hear them talk, and the Boats row them 
to the Shore ; returned to the Island, from the upper end 
of which he had a distinct view in the morninof of the Re- 
doubt and Vessels, &c., and proposed to me the attempt- 
ing the Vessels by surprise, which Idea I had entertained, 
and, coming from those I thought understood Sea Affairs 
better than myself, instantly entered into, and deter- 
mined to make an attempt upon the Vessels. 

Fridayy July 21st, Dispatched Capt. Davis to the 
Castle for some necessary materials for the attack of 
the Vessels, who returned in the Evening with a Dorey 
taken from three Indians he met just below my En- 
campment, who, upon seeing him, fled into the Wood ; 
he brought off their Canoe, with some bows, Arrows, 
Plantains, &c., and returned on his way back to the 
Castle, A Report of a Cannon being heard about Sun 
set towards the Castle, the Novelty of it, and affir- 
mation of an Oflficer that he had heard two or three 
more, induced me to send Capt. Lamb to the Creek 
before my Encampment to see if anything was to be 
learned, and endeavour to come at the speech of these 
Indians, who, I did not doubt, come down the Creek 
near it, to offer them their Canoe and all their effects if 
they would come and speak with me, as I wished to 
conciliate their affections, and get them, by Presents, 
to procure or assist me to procure Intelligence of the 
Spanish Post, &c. Capt. Lamb returned about 11 at 
Night with three Spanish Deserters from the Legion, 
and the following Account, that after he had got below 
my encampment a little way he saw a fire, rowed 
Gently to it, landed and got near, when he was chal-* 



»% 



kemble's journal, 1780. 



Iec^:evi in Spanish, answered, in same tongue that he 
was cheir friend, went up and took them. The In- 
dians rted again, nor could be prevailed on to come 
near. The three Spaniards had deserted from the Castle 
about three Weeks before, and in their way up the 
Cre^k met with these Indians, with whom they had 
be^n ever since, and had prevailed on them to carry 
them to the Spanish Post, where they were going 
when they were met by Capt. Davis. All last Night 
and this day heavy Rains. 

Sa/ari/ay, July 22d. Concluding that the want of a 
Person to speak the Rama Language had deterred 
these Indians from speaking to Capt. Lamb, I sent him 
again with my Indian, a Rama, but they were not to 
be found. Capt. Poison returned this morning with 
five Barrels Pork, one of Herrings, and three of Flour, 
with one Puncheon of Rum, all that I had a right to 
expect for some time (which, on calculation, would only 
sen'e seven or eight days at short allowance), ac- 
quainting me that the 2d. Division of Craft was Not 
even heard of, though to follow the first in a day or 
two and one of the first missing. Gave Mr. Welch 
immediate orders to Collect the Sick and to send them 
down the next morning, intending to proceed to the 
Enemy's Post as soon as possible and try my fortune, 
as no time was to be spared. It rained all Night. 
C)rdered the Men's Arms, &c , to be examined next 
day at ten, and two days' Provisions to be issued. 

Doctors Return as follows: — 60th. Regiment. — 
Lieut. Davis, Ensign Plees, 11 Rank and File; 79th. 
Regiment, vS Rank and File; Loyal Irish Corps, 16 
Rank and F'ile ; Legion. — Ensign De Nap and Taffe, 
16 Rank and File; Jamaica Volunteers. — Lieut. Mc- 
Lean, 4 Rank and File; Artillery. — Commissary Jones, 
I Rank and File. Total, 59. 

It rained a good part of this Night. 

Sunday, July 2j{d. Lieut. Despard, Engineer, who 
came up Yesterday and joined me with Capt. Pol- 
son, was dispatched this afternoon to reconnoiter the 



kemble's journal, 1780. 29 

Spanish Post and bring me the best intelligence in his 
power of the Post, &c. that I might at least form an 
Attack upon the Vessels. The Soldiers much dis- 
tressed and scarcely able to crawl for want of Shoes and 
Stockings. By a Return this day, only 74 Rank and 
File actually fit for Duty, and not above three Officers 
for service, even those little better than Convalescents. 
Monday, July 24f.th, Proceeded this morning up the 
River, with a view to go on ; passed the Germain 
about II morning, and Encamped about 2 Mile a head 
of her, the wind not permitting her to come forward. 
My new Camp I called Dallings Point. Nearly op- 
posite to where the Germain lay are two Creeks, one 
on the right and one on the left. A little a head of 
her is also an Island, which I called Germain Island. 
Some distance up we met with another Island, keeping 
it on our right, which from its length we called Long 
Island, abreast of the upper end of which, and on the 
left hand, is Dalling s Point, my 7te plus. I waited 
here till half-past two before any of the Boats arrived, 
but the whole were up an hour before Sun set. Issued 
an order for the Troops to receive and have two days' 
Provisions cooked that Night, and that no fires were to 
be made after that Evening till dark, and put out by 
10 Night; but the Provision Boat not arriving till the 
last, that could with difficulty be done. My hopes 
were to surprise the Vessels, as I imagined we were 
undiscovered till that time; but Lieut. Despard arrived 
in the Evening with the following Information, that he 
proceeded on the Night of the 2jd. to the Island just 
below the Enemy's Post, and had time to Reconnoitre 
it in the morning. His own account as follows : 

St. John's Castle, 27th. July, 1780. 
Sir, 

Conformable to your Instructions to me on the 
2jd. inst,, I have reconnoitered the Spanish Post at the 
head of St. John's River, of which the following is as 
accurate a description as the distance of the Ground 
from whence I observed it will permit me to give. 



30 kemble's journal, 1780. 

This Post consists of a short range of Hill, running 
nearly in a North and South direction, and forming 
the North Point of the Outlet of the Lake Nicaragua, 
and the head of St. John's River. Here the Spaniards 
have Erected a Strong Redoubt of an Oblong figure, 
the entrance of which is covered by a Redan, and pre- 
sents one front to the Entrance of th^ Lake, another 
down the River, a third towards the Lake, and a 
fourth towards the North extremity of the Ridge, 
which is still covered with Trees. The Fort, including 
the Redan, has about one hundred and fifty yards in- 
terior Parapet, and is capable of containing between 
two and three hundred Men. 

The entrance into the Lake is further defended by 
two Armed Vessels Moored across it, the one a Sloop, 
the other a Schooner, which, from the narrowness of 
the Channel in this place, are under the Protection of 
even the Musketry of the Redoubt. 

The Attack of the Redoubt from the River must be 
very disadvantageous to the Assailants, The declivity 
of the Hill, or the Glacis of the Work being ex- 
tremely steep, and the access thereto from the Bank 
of the River rendered very difficult by a strong Abat- 
tis, which covers the whole space of Ground between, 
from the Edge of the River to the foot of the Hill. 

Though I could not discover Cannon in the Work, 
there is great reason, from the importance as well as 
particular Situation of the Post, to conclude there are 
Cannon in it ; and what adds farther weight to this 
opinion is, a Triangle Gin being erected opposite to 
the passage into the Redoubt. 

I saw likewise a l^rge Lighter, and four or five Per- 
riagues, besides Six or Eight Canoes or Doreys, all 
of which appeared to be constantly employed between 
the Vessels and the Point. 

I am Sir, 
Your most obedt. Humble Servt, 

(Signed) E. M. Despard, 
> Chief Engineer. 



KEMBLe's JOURNAL, I 780. 3 1 

Mr. Despard was discovered by a Scout Boat of the 
Enemies, or, rather, improperly discovered himself 
when not in a condition to take them ; they got off, 
and of course the Alarm given. 

The Result of which was a determination to return, 
and preserve the Castle, by sending off all the Troops 
without delay except the intended Garrison. First the 
Troops were and had been half starved, reduced to 
Seventy fit to mount Guard, but not able to undergo 
six hours' fatigue, without Shoe or Stocking, their 
limbs swelled to an enormous size, and fountains of 
water issuing out of them from their Legs, feet, and 
thighs, attended with fluxes. Second, I flattered my- 
self, with the men I had at first setting out, I might 
have made some impression on the Enemy, and Loth 
to quit the pursuit ; and had I been supplied with Pro- 
visions, as I had reason to expect from Sir Alexander 
Leith's assurances, in his first coming up, that there 
were one hundred and thirty Barrels on the way. 
Men lying without Tents — for we had none — could not 
stand it, and at half Allowance of Provisions. Thirdly, 
If I had accomplished a landing, the Troops were 
not in Strength or health enough to have Erected 
Batteries and drawn up Cannon ; and to Attack even 
Slaves and Indians well covered and fortified with 
Cannon, and within a Redoubt, with a fourth of their 
Numbers, by Escalade or Storm, would have been 
very hazardous, and the Issue of a Repulse, the loss 
of the Castle, which we never could have kept. My- 
self ill with a burning fever at same time, Major 
McDonald the only Officer with me down with a Ague, 
and much reduced, and Colonel Dalrymple gone some 
days before to the Castle, ill. 

Tuesday, July 25th. Returned to the Castle with 
the Troops, leaving the Germain to follow ; found 
Captain Davis at the Rapids, not being able to get for- 
ward with a heavy-loaded Craft with materials for the 
better putting in Execution the intended attempt on 
the Enemy's Vessels. A Circumstance occurred to 



3? kemble's journal, 1780. 

me, also, which our Seamen had not thought of, which 
was that we had not boats proper to steal Silently 
upon the Enemy's Vessels ; Pitpans only proper, and 
of those we had but two ; Craft were not possible to 
be brought Silently above them, which was necessary ; 
and to fall down on them again, they must row, and 
an Alarm inevitable, nor could we promise ourselves 
any success but by surprise. My fever lasted me all 
this day, nor was I able to get out of my Boat till the 
next morning, when I had my Tent pitched. 

Wednesday, July 26th. Return of Sick to be sent 
to the Castle : 

60th. Regiment, Lieut. Fahy 38 

. 79th. Regiment, Ensign Trisler 62 

Loyal Irish Corps 5o 

amaica Legion, Lieut. Morris 23 

amaica Volunteers 18 

Crew of the Germain 4 

Batteaux Men 20 



Total 215 Men. 

The Troops having lived on Corn for some days, 
which not agreeing with them, they die very fast, 
burying from 6 to 8 a day ; such distress is not to be 
conceived. The first Division of sick went to the 
Harbour this day with Lieut. Fahy. 

Thursday, July 2'/th. My Fever is abated, but my 
mind tortured with the situation of affairs ; find great 
difficulty in getting 150 Men well enough to remain in 
Garrison, many of whom have sore legs, and are lame 
for want of Shoes. Another Division of Sick went 
off this day. Major MacDonald arrived ill from the 
Germain this afternoon, and reported her being got 
below the Rapids with great difficulty. 

The Troops on 6 ounces Pork and one quart of 
Corn. 

Friday, July 28th. Twelve sick went down this 
morning in Sir Alexander Leith's boat ; sent for his 



KEMBLE*S JOURNAL, I 780. 33 

e, as he was to remain to Command at the 
Castle. 

When I was up the River I recommended it to Sir 
Alexander by Letter to send a Pitpan with some good 
hands down the River, who should be ordered not to 
return till they met with Craft, and to hurry back 
with Provision taken out of them, which Order Sir 
Alexander told me he had given ; but the Pitpan 
returned this day, with some Carpenters from below 
the Falls, who had been there some days, and were 
without Provision, and could Advance with the Craft 
no further. Thunderstruck with this, I immediately 
sent for Captain Lamb, whose assiduity I could de- 
pend on, and ordered him off, and not to return with- 
out bringing some Flour, if he went to the Harbour ; 
told him the Garrison and Castle could only be pre- 
served by his dispatch. 

Saturday y July 2gth, & joth. Employed in fram- 
ing Instructions for Sir Alexander Leith, &c. 

Afofiday, July 31st. Delivered Sir Alexander Leith 
his Instructions, and set off on my Return to the 
Harbour about 1 2 o*Clock, and stayed at the lookout 
Island that Night; wrote Sir Alexander from thence 
that there were three Spanish Craft there that ought 
to be brought to the Castle for the purpose of con- 
veying heavy Stores to the Harbour. Ten days* pro- 
visions in Pork and Indian Corn left for the Garrison^^ 
at 6 ounces Pork arid one quart Corn per Man. 

Tuesday y Augicst ist. Left the lookout early ; passed 
the first fall with Rapidity, the Waters Running Vio- 
lently, but were deep ; the 2d. Shoaly, and we struck, 
though in a Dorey that did not draw above one foot 
Water, but were soon disengaged. Here we saw the 
Royal George, a large Craft, left on the Rocks. She 
went from the Castle on the 28t/i. with forty Sick 
men, all of whom had got on Shore, the Majority of 
them to the Creek below the Falls, but nine left in 
the Woods so weak and feeble that they could not 
walk that distance, one of whom called to us from the 
VOL. 11. — 3 



34 kemble's journal, 1780. 

Shore. I went and took him in, almost famished. A 
Soldier of 60th. proceeded to the Creek, and there 
was informed by the Carpenters and a Serjeant of the 
79th., who commanded the Royal George, that they 
had sent two Negroes for the poor wretches in the 
Wood, but they were so weak that they could only tell 
them where they were, were without Provision except 
a little Corn given by Captain Lamb and Major 
Mac Donald. To preserve these poor People I ordered 
them some Corn and Pork, quit my own Boat and 
sent it up with my hands to fetch the poor Creatures 
out of the Wood ; went into Captain Poison's boat 
and pushed on, leaving directions for all the Boats to 
follow me to Costa Rica River, just below the still 
Water, where they joined me next morning ; gave 
them Provisions and Rum, and then pursued my 
Course. 

Wednesday, August 2d. Set out about seven ; fine 
day ; keeping the left hand Shore to see the junction of 
the Nicaragua and St. John's, which we found about two 
o'clock ; it has but a small, blind opening, and in dry 
Weather but little Water. However, at this Season it 
may be passed with Craft, and is about 30 Miles from 
the Harbour, though it will require some opening 
by cutting away Logs, &c., with which it is clogged. 
This River joins the St. John's about seven miles 
above Cook's Post. Here I met Captain Lamb, who 
informed me that he had been obliged to go to Cook's 
Post and had six Barrels Flour, his hands weak, and 
wanted Paddles ; I gave him one. He also informed 
me that no part of Sir Alexander Leith's second 
Division were on their way ; got to Cook's Post about 
3 o'clock, and remained for the Night ; Received 
General Balling's and other Dispatches there. 

Thursday, August jd. Sent off Sir Alexander's 
Boat which had returned from the Harbour with 8 
Barrels Pork, his Baggage being some of it lost in the 
Horatio; One Pitpan, one Canoe and two small Boats 
dispatched at same time, carrying 21 Barrels Flour, 4 



kemble's journal, 1780. 35 

Pork and 12 firkins of Butter, all well manned, and 
would get up in good time ; proceeded for the Har- 
bour about 3 o'clock. About a Mile below this the 
Colorado branch runs to the Sea and empties itself 
near a place called Turtle Bogue ; about fourteen Miles 
below this the St. John's branch, so called, runs to 
the Sea; from this to where you join the Nicaragua 
again, about two miles, it's very narrow. Rapid and 
full of dangerous Stumps and Logs of Wood ; where 
you make the opening of the Nicaragua branch, it's 
spacious and pleasing to the Eye, nor is it to be 
wondered if People mistake it for the proper River, 
and its easy flowing Waters invite you from this to the 
Harbour, about one and a half Miles, where we arrived 
about half past 2 o'Clock, and, understanding Mr. 
Cairnes was gone, went immediately to his Huts, as 
the only place of Refuge, and found Mr. Shaw, Major 
MacDonald, &c., at Dinner, with whom I made a hearty 
Meal. I then understood that several of our Boats 
had taken the Colorado branch ; one, in which Lieut. 
Fahy of 60th. was in, was two days and Nights at Sea, 
but fortunately got to the Harbour. Captains MacDon- 
ald and Davis had taken the St. John's and walked 
from the head of the Harbour to the Point where our 
Redoubt and hospital is, leaving their Boat near the 
Sea, which I sent for, with Provisions for the People ; 
and they. Boat and all, joined us two days after. The 
sure and certain Passage to St. John's Castle may be 
made by leaving the Nicaragua branch, the first you 
meet with on your right going up about a Mile and 
half from the Harbour ; after passing that you keep 
the right hand course all the way, and have nothing to 
put you out but where the Nicaragua and St. John's 
join, seven Miles above Cook's, that is about 23 from 
the Harbour, and from thence you keep all the way to 
the Castle the Right hand Passage ; on the Contrary 
in coming down, by keeping all the way to the left, 
you have nothing to put you out but the Nicaragua 
branch above Cook's Post, and that's so blind and 



36 kemble's journal, 1780. 

small that none but those who sought for a mistake 
could make one. 

Friday, August 4th. Understanding the Pelican 
and Hinchenbroke were to Sail the next Morning for 
amaica, I sent Major MacDonald to request Captain 
'i^orster of the Diamond to detain them one day, which 
was granted, as I had Dispatches of Consequence to 
write, the whole of this day taken up in that business. 

Saturday, Augiist §th. Went to Visit the Redoubt 
and see the State of Miatters on that side; find the 
Redoubt much as I had left it, and the Sick in a 
Miserable, shocking condition, without any one to 
attend them, or even to bury the Dead who lay on the 
beach shocking to behold ; the same mortality raging 
among the poor Soldiers on board ship, where Accu- 
mulated filth had made all air Putrid ; officers dying 
daily, and so wore down with disorders, lassitude, &c., 
that they are even as filthy and regardless where they 
lay as the Soldiers, never stirring from their Beds for 
days, though they might walk. I immediately ordered 
a Hut to be erected for the Hospital Surgeons, and 
Medicines, and Huts to be built for the Troops on the 
Northeast Shore, that they may be landed and the 
Vessels Cleansed. Letters from Captain Thompson 
of Black River Company, whom I had ordered to 
the Harbour from the Castle as a proper person to 
superintend loading of Craft and collecting hands, 
complaining of Sir Alexander Leith's behaviour to 
him, that he would not allow him to interfere in the 
business, which was improperly conducted, and not half 
so much Provision sent up as might have been, much 
on the same Subject from Mr. Shaw of the general 
strange behaviour of Officers who have Commanded 
from time to time ; in short, that everything has been 
in a state of Confusion, and nothing but Anarchy and 
distress reigning. It is certain Sir Alexander might 
have disposed of his Boats to much more advantage, 
those that came up to us having from 13 to 23 hands 
when 9 and 10 to twelve would have served the 



kemble's journal, 1780. 37 

largest Craft; some of the small Boats he brought 
down were lent to Officers of the Navy and best lost, 
others destroyed and so forth. 

Wine and Rum given the Officers of the Navy by 
his order from the Public Stores unnecessarily. 

Sunday y August 6th. Doctor Welch taken ex- 
tremely ill ; a great loss, as all our Hospital Arrange- 
ments must be at a stand. 

Mo7iday, August yth. All remain in the same lan- 
guid state ; give orders for the Spanish Prisoners to 
be sent off as soon as possible, the Ship nearly ready ; 
find the Agent almost as Ignorant as when I left him, 
and at variance with Mr. Shaw, the only Person who 
could give him any advice; the Horatio sunk, the 
Venus in a bad condition, and like for a similar fate ; 
repairs wanting to all the Vessels, and nobody to do it 
with. 

Tuesday, August 8t/i. Huts go on better; Captain 
Park, who returned from Sea on the jZ/i., having 
undertaken to put them forward with some Negroes 
he was carrying to Bluefields to build the Huts there. 
Wednesday, Augtcst gtli. Pushing a Pitpan off, but 
find difficulty in getting hands even for so small a 
Craft 

Thursday y August loth. Sir Alexander Leith 
arrived from the Castle, which he left in distress for 
Provisions, ordering upwards of 80 Men of the Garri- 
son to follow him with Doctor Dancer, his first answer 
that they were sick ; but when I observed to him the 
impropriety of bringing away Men as well as I left them 
and the best we had, he answered it was on Account 
of lessening the Consumption of Provisions. He also 
said he had ordered the Germain to the Castle, for 
want of men to keep her detached. He is in ill health, 
and goes to Jamaica by first opportunity. 

Fridayy Augtcst nth. The Pitpan Manned and to 
proceed to-morrow with Coffee, Tea, Sugar, and Rum 
for the Troops ; can't get the P lag of Truce Ship off. 

Saturday y August 12th. The Boats arrived with 



38 kemble's journal, 1780. 

Doctor Dancer and about 80 Sick from the Castle, as 
well as Captain Patterson, who is appointed Superin- 
tendent of Crafts. The Pitpan went away this day. 

Sunday, August ijth. Order Captain Patterson, 
Agent, and Captain Poison, Quarter Master General, to 
get Craft ready for going up with Provisions, as I per- 
ceive Sir Alexander has brought down all or most of 
the Craft, particularly the Spanish, which I left on 
purpose to bring away the heavy Stores, and am much 
distressed at it ; but it is like his other ill-conceived 
steps. 

Monday, Augtist 14th. Captain Lamb came down 
from the Castle in the Chiquita, bringing with him 
18 more Men, and the two British three pounders 
with their Carriages, and he left the Castle the 12th. 
Proposes my giving him an order to Command on the 
Shore ; refused.* 

Tuesday, August i^th. Sir Alexander Leith left 
this for Pearl key Lagoon, intending to take the first 
favourable opportunity of getting to Jamaica ; still 
pressing the getting Craft off, but meet with little 
Assistance. Captain Poison's ill health and an appar- 
ent decay of Intellect render him of little use — indeed, 
he is so confined in ideas, and so afraid of doing wrong 
that he does nothing. 

Wedfiesday, August i6th. Notwithstanding my re- 
peated directions to get the Hasser of the Horatio 
ready, it's this morning to be got from the Ship, a day 
lost. This Craft will carry four 60 Gallon Casks of 
Rum and Six Barrels Pork. 

Captain Forster, of his Majesty's Ship Diamond, 
died on the Night of the I2th.y succeeded in Com- 
mand of Ship by his first Lieut. Mr. Jordan. 

Carpenters Employed in repairing the Sloop St. 
John, that she may take the Venus' Stores out. Doc- 

* Note made February lyth.^ lySi. About the 13th. August Sir Alexander 
Leiih asked me to give him a power to Command on ihe Mosquito Shore, which 
I refused, convinced that he would confuse matters, the delirium he had long 
labored under remaining with him, and evident signs of Madness to be discov- 
ered every moment. 



kemble's journal, 1780. 39 

tor Welch much better, and a fair prospect of his re- 
covery, Avhich was doubtful some days ago. The Sit- 
uation and Affairs of the Hospital I hope will soon 
mend, and be put under proper regulation, by his 
attention and Inspection. The Spanish Flag Truce 
Ship Monarch sailed this day. 

Thursday, August lyth. Nothing Extraordinary. 

Friday, August i8th. Not till this day only did 
the Craft with the Hasser for the Germain, 6 Barrels 
Pork, and 4 Barrels Rum proceed up the River. 
Arrived a Craft with Serjeant Major L. I. C. and a 
few Men with three Spanish Prisoners, two belonging 
to Legion and one Indian, to what purpose the latter 
sent down I can't devise ; they have scarcely a Craft 
left at the Castle. How the Commanding Ofificer could 
think of leaving himself so bare of Boats, I can't com- 
prehend, and fear it is in consequence of Sir Alex- 
ander Leith's Orders ; if so, no Action of his since he 
came to St. John's Harbour but has tended to distress 
the Service. Also four Brass field pieces. 

The following Intelligence received from Francisco 
Yore, a Spanish Negro, who had been sent from the 
Spanish Post at the head of St. John's River, with 
three others, to make what discoveries they could of 
things going on at the Castle, and taken the loth. 
August, 1780. 

St. John's Harbour, I2t/i Aug., 1780. 

Quest 1071 1st. — How distant Nicaragua was from the 
South Sea, &c., &c., &c. What the general face of 
the Country, whether any Bay or Harbour or the 
South Sea where Ships may ride, what Trade, and if 
healthy. 

Answer. — 14 Leagues from. Granada, and 8 from 
Nicaragua : the first a very Hilly Country, and Inhab- 
ited ; the latter plain Country, only one Hill near the 
Centre of the distance, not any Inhabitants, the Roads 
bad and only used by Mules and horses ; no fortifica- 
tion on either. No Port on the South Sea, nor any 



40 KEMBLES JOURNAL, I780. 

Trade carried on from that Quarter, that he knows 
of. He was then making Salt, and very unhealthy. 

0:iirs/ii>H 2d, — In what months the Rains commence 
and when cease on the Lake and in the Towns, as well 
as on the South Sea Coast. 

Attszcer. — The Rains commence in general about 
that whole Countrj' in the beginning of May, and end 
in November ; September and October the worst 
Months. 

Ouisiion jd. — What small Towns on the Lake of 
Nicaragua, by whom Settled, what Roads lead from 
them, and where to ? 

Answer. — To small Villages called Manawa and 
Massaya, only that he knows of. Massaya four 
Leagues from Granada, and seven from Nicaragua. 
Manawa six Leagues from Granada, and eight from 
Nicaragua. The Roads to and from the Villages to 
the greater Towns very good, and travelled by car- 
riages of all sorts, but nothing better than Mule Paths 
into the Countr\', which abounds in Cattle ; Mixed In- 
habitants in both the Villages, as is general through 
the Countrj'. 

Question 7///.— Whether a Military or any other 
Road from Carataga to the Lake, except which leads 
to Nicaragua and Granada (which Towns are about 
seven Leagues distant one from the other) from 
whence the Castle was supplied with Provisions, and 
by what Route, and the Nature of the Country on the 
Borders of the Lake. 

Anstcer. — He knows of no road except that from 
Carataga to Nicaragua. The Castle supplied solely 
from Granada, by the Lake and River St. John's. 
The Country on the borders of the Lake low, and in 
general like that of this Harbour. 

Ones/ion j///. — The extent, situation, and form of 
the Post at the Lake, whether Swampy round it, and 
how it may be turned. What Cannon in it, from 
whence they came, and if Mounted ; what number of 
men. Whites, black, and People of Colour ; of what 



kemble's journal, 1780. 41 

Materials the Redoubt is made, if Abattied round, by 
whom Commanded, and how Armed (the Troops). 

Anszucr. — He supposes about 500 Yards in Cir- 
cumference, stands upon a Hill, but not so high as 
the Castle but much the same distance from the 
Waters ; have opened the Woods on the River side 
to the verge of the Swamp. The form of the Re- 
doubt a square with four Bastions, cannot be turned 
or approached, the Swamp or Woods running all 
around to the Lake, where there is only a Beach like 
this, fourteen Cannon in it, 12 mounted, two 12 pound- 
ers and ten 8 pounders, four in the face looking to 
the River over the cleared ground, two to the oppo- 
site side of the River where the Vessels lay, four to 
the Lake, and two into the Wood and along the Shore 
of the Lake ; knows not where the Cannon came 
from. An Abattis round the whole Redoubt. Fifty 
Regular Troops all white, Three white and twelve 
Black Artillery Men. The rest composed of Blacks 
and People of Colour, amounting in the whole to 
about 500, and 150 Regulars daily expected, though 
from whence he does not know. About 100 Sick, and 
the place as unhealthy as the Castle. The manner of 
building the Redoubt as follows : a trench is dug about 
12 feet wide, and Stakes drove in on each side, which 
is filled in with Stone, and so carried on to the top of 
the Parapet ; the Embrasure slight and made in the 
same manner ; the Stone for this purpose brought 
from the Islands, and the Work complete called St. 
Carlos, Don Whakun de Navos, Commandant. The 
Militia of all sorts Armed with Musketry. Houses 
built for the whole. 

Question 6ih. — What number of Vessels on the 
Lake, their force, by whom Commanded and how 
manned, whether any Craft Armed, and what Intelli- 
g[ence they have received of our Situation at the 
Castle. 

Ansu^c7\ — Two at the Redoubt, and two building ; 
the two at the Mouth of the River have each one 12 



42 kemble's journal, 1780. 

and one 8 pounder, the Sloop 30, the Schooner 50 
Men, all of Colour, Commanded by Biscayans, six 
Armed Craft with Swivels; no Intelligence of our 
Situation ; all Deserters being examined by the Com- 
mandant, and immediately sent to Granada. 

Question yth. — Whether Granada or Nicaragua 
were fortified, when the fortifications were Erected, 
or if any Erecting there or on the Islands ; how they 
were fed. 

Answer. — Surrounding Granada with a breast Work 
and Ditch, Nicaragua not fortified nor intended that 
he knows of. No talk of fortifying the Islands. Fed 
on Indian Corn, Pease, Rice, Beef and Pork. 

Black Tom's Account of Matina, &c., &c., &c. 

Question ist. — How far Craft can go up River 
Matina, where obliged to land, and distance from 
Carataga ; whether any Communication with the 
Castle or St. John's River, by land from Carataga, 
Matina, or the immediate Country. 

Answer, — Craft may go up the River from look 
out on the Sea Shore (generally 12 Men at it) to 
Berbea 20 Miles, where you land from thence to Paris- 
manus bridge 25 Miles, one day's Mule walk, from 
Parismanus bridge to Carataga four days' march, or 
about 50 Miles in dry Weather, at which time the 
Road is passable with carriages. The River Suaree 
falls into the Sea about 3 leagues to the Northward 
of Matina, and Parismanus about two leagues to the 
Northward of that ; Parismanus is said to run through 
Carataga, that a Creek leads into it below the falls, by 
which Traders have come down to the Sea. No com- 
munication with the Castle or St. John's River from 
Matina, Carataga or the intermediate Country. The 
River Matina, a dreadful unhealthy place. From 
Cape Gracias a Dios the Coast runs North and South 
to this Harbour, but from thence to Carthagena about 
East. This Harbour abounds in fish of the best, such 
as Mullets, Stone Bass, Jew fish. Turtle in Season, 
&c., &c , &c. The Country with Warree, Pickeree, 



kemble's journal, 1780. 43 

and Monkey, &c., and some Tigers, Quam, Curasoa, 
Pigeons, Partridge, &c., &c., &c. 

Saturday, August igth. Wood arrived in a Schooner 
from Bluefields with some Poultry, &c. 

Sunday, Atigust 20th. Nothing Extraordinary ; Cap- 
tain Park and his Huts go on but slowly. Joe Wood 
dispatched to Turtle Bogue for Turtle. 

Sequel of question Asked Francisco Yore. 

Question ist. — What the produce of the Country 
round the Lake of Nicaragua, from whence the Inhab- 
itants receive their supplies of European goods, how 
transported and what returns they make. 

Answer, — Indigo, Cocoa, Cattle, &c., received all 
supplies of European goods and Wheat Flour from 
Guatemala, all carried by Mules, their Returns in three 
first Articles. 

The distance from the head of the River to Granada 
three days' Sail with a fair Wind, or about 60 leagues ; 
from Granada to Realejo three days' Walk, or about 
45 Miles. Granada is supposed to have about six thou- 
sand Inhabitants, but this Account not to be depended 
upon. 

Monday, August 21st. Arrived Ensign Cameron 
with a Craft and 8 full Barrels Pork ; this Gentleman left 
the Harbour on the 26th. June, got as far as the Costa 
Rica branch, which he took in mistake, and continued 
going up twenty-six days till he came to a fall which was 
impassable. His People sixteen in number, eleven of 
which he brought back, saw no traces of human feet, 
nor anything like a Settlement, but overgrown Plantain 
Walks, some of which they plucked. As to distance or 
answering any other Questions, he is perfectly at a loss. 
One of his People said they went (he supposed) 200 
Miles up the River, another 26 only ; the latter most 
like. Lieut, and Adjutant Campbell came this day 
from the Castle ; left it the i^th., and was detained by 
getting on the Rocks in the Rapids. 

Tuesday, August 22d, The Ship Venus reported to 



44 kemble's journal, 1780. 

be in so bad a state by the Agent that I think it neces- 
sar}- to order all her Stores to be taken out. Captain 
Wood returned from Turtle Bogue with 30 Turtle. 

Wednesday, August 2jd. All the boats that could 
be manned ordered to unload the Venus ; her Pro- 
visions to be sent to the Point, on East side of the 
River. A Young Indian came this day from Carataga, 
left it fourteen days ago with 200 Men, with whom he 
came to Matina ; he says they wanted him to Pilot tliem 
alone the Coast, that thev talked of Attackinof the Har- 
bour of St John s, and that they were waiting for Ship- 
ping to take them on board to come from Carthagena, 
Porto Bello, &c. The Troops that came from Carataga 
had no Artiller\' with them. He left Matina about a 
week a<ro. 

The hands to take two Craft up to the Castle, and 
who were to have been dispatched in the morning, were 
from necessity detained to assist in unloading the Venus. 
Thursday. August 24th. and 2^th, Weather so bad 
that no business could be done ; engage Mr. Sam. Allen 
to go off Matina and bring me intelligence, if any ships 
in the harbours near it. their force, &c. 

Saturday. August 26th. Informed this morning that 
a Craft kxided with 6 Barrels Pork and four 60 Gallon 
Casks of Rum intended to be sent to the Castle, having 
Ix^en let go adrift on Night of 24th., and supposed to 
l>e entirely lost ; enquiry to be made into it, and Reason 
for its not being reported. 

Sunday. August 2jth. Two Craft under the direc- 
tion of Knsign McXight, Legion set off for the Castle 
with Provision, order a Court Martial of the Line to 
l-^ujuiro into the loss of Craft, and to try Corporal of 
Guard, 

Monday. August 2Sth and 2gth. Nothing PZxtraor- 
dinary, but the arrival of the Kingston Packet from 

laniaica. 

UVdnesdaw .lugust jot/i. All quiet ; Allen sent to 
>Litina for Intelligence. 

/nursday, August jist. All quiet; Mr. Allen pro- 



kemple's journal, 1780. 45 

ceeded this Night to get Intelligence of what's passing 
at Matina. 

Friday, Sept. ist. The Packet (Kingston) Dis- 
patched this Evening, and a Boat to the Castle under 
the direction of Captain Flynn. 

Saturday, Sept. 2d. Nothing Extraordinary. 

Sjinday, Sept. jd. Sloop Success returned into 
Port so leaky that She was obliged to be run on 
Shore. 

Monday, Sept. 4th,, ^th. and 6th. Nothing but the 
return of Allen the Pilot on ^tli., with an Account that 
he had passed Matina, saw nothing new ; Went into 
Salt Creek and Blanco points, saw no Traces of Peo- 
ple having been there, nor any Shipping ; naturally 
supposes the Indian came down from Carataga with 
Traders and Custom house officers, it being customary 
at this Season, being Crop time. 

Thursday, Sept. jth. Nothing new. 

Friday, Sept. 8th. Packet Nicaragua Sailed in 
Evening. 

Saturday, Sept. gth. Nothing Extra, but inspect 
the Troops. 

Monday, Sept. nth. The Pelican and four Trans- 
ports arrive at this place with Messrs. Irving, Stan- 
ford, Captain Clark, Rochat, and Engineer Campbell. 

Ttcesday, Sept. 12th. Order a Transport to be im- 
mediately prepared to remove the Sick to Bluefields, 
the Situation of the Bluff being recommended as 
healthy. St. Andreas too distant. Corn Islands no 
Shelter, and very Sickly just now. The Cape thought 
improper from number of Flies which infest the place. 
Tebuppy difficult to land at. 

Wednesday, Sept. ijth. Captain Clark set off for 
the Castle. Mr. Campbell, Engineer, in another Boat 
with Provisions. 

Thursday, Sept. 14th. In the Evening Captain 
Flynn returns from Castle, McNight only ten Miles 
above Cook's Post with one Boat. 

Friday, Sept. i^th. Ship Hope and Brig Polly 



46 kemble's journal, 1780. 

Sailed for Bluefields. Receive Letters from Captain 
Dixon ; the Castle dismantled of all its Guns, some 
sent to Harbour. 

Saturday, Sept. i6th. Prepare to Embairk, the 
Transport Betsy proving too leaky to go to Sea with- 
out being overhauled. 

Sunday^ Sept. ijth and i8th. Nothing Extraor- 
dinar)\ 

Tuesday, Sept. igth. Troops Embark ; seven Misera- 
ble Soldiers die on being put on board Flora, Hospital 
Ship. 

Wednesday y Sept. 20th. Vessels to be arranged, re- 
main in Harbour. 

Thursday, Sept. 21st. Sail with Sally and Flora, 
Transports for Bluefields, go myself with Captain 
Haynes in the Pelican, Kings Ship, Embark 137 Rank 
and File, the miserable remains of Troops brought 
down by me and Captain Poison, except a few at the 
Castle. 

Friday, Sept, 22d. and 2jd. Nothing extraordinary; 
light Winds and driven with the Current off Turtle 
Bogue, and as far as Salt Creek. 

Sunday, Sept. 24th. Chase a Sail ; proves to be the 
Hope. She Sailed from St. John s for Bluefields on 
the 15th. 

Monday, Sept. 2^th., 26th. and 2yth. Nothing Ex- 
traordinary. 

Thursday, Sept. 28th. Made St. Andreas, a small 
Island in Lat. 12.30. 

Friday, Sept. 2gth, Stood in for the Island; a Boat 
came off to us ; find it is Inhabited by about 12 families 
who have settled there without any Authority. The 
Ishuul is about 30 Miles in Circumference, is fruitful, 
and good sugars might be raised on it, though the 
present Inhabitants make no more than serves their 
own use. raise a little Cotton, have about 100 head of 
hornet! Cattle, and are Chiefly Mustees; no good har- 
bour on this Island, though there are inlets for small 
Vessels very safe. This Island is full of Wood, and 



kemble's journal, 1780. 47 

the Cedar proper for Building Vessels ; a Sloop now 
on the Stocks. 

Saturday^ Sept, joth. Nothing Extraordinary. The 
Island close aboard, and Capt. Haynes got some Stock 
from the Shore. 

Sunday, Oct. ist. Island still in Sight. Contrary 
Winds. The Hope short of Water. Ordered to Steer 
for the Corn Islands. 

Monday, Oct, 2d. Hope out of Sight. Bad Winds. 
Expect to make Corn Islands to-morrow. Taken with 
a fever on the 28tluy 2gth,, znd jotk, ; very ill ; better 
1st, dind 2d. Oct.y though sorely afflicted with the prickly 
heat. Have no rest at night, and my head so much 
disordered as not capable of doing my business or 
writing these lines ; very uneasy as I want much to 
write to Gen. Dalling, but cannot. 

Tuesday, Oct, jd. Stood for Corn Islands. 

Wedfiesday, Oct, 4th. Landed on great Corn Island. 
Found Doctors Jameson and Davidson with a quan- 
tity of Medicine, &c. Order them to Embark on 

board the , Sloop, Capt. Bailey, and follow me 

to Bluefields as soon as possible. 

Thursday, Oct, ^th. Sailed from great Corn Island, 
the lesser separated from it about nine Mile. This 
Island is entirely a Savanna ; the Grass grows very 
luxuriantly ; and has a few miserable inhabitants upon it, 
as has the greater Island which is covered with wood 
and would produce good sugars. These Islands lay in 
about Lat. 12 North. 

Friday, Oct. 6th, Nothing Extraordinary. 

Saturday, Oct. jth. Anchored off Bluefields. 

Sunday, Oct. 8th. Went on Shore in the morning. 
Found Capt. Davis in the Harbour, who left St. John's 
Harbour the jd. and got here the 6th,, having Em- 
barked all the Stores, Provisions, Artillery, &c., and 
dispatched the Provisions for Castle to Cook's Post. 
The Diamond was to have waited the return of the 
Pelican, Capt. Haynes, who intended to bring the 
second Division, but we had a very long and tedious 



48 kemble's journal, 1780. 

passage of eighteen days : but by some unlucky acci- 
dent the Diamond and most of her convoys passed the 
Harbour at Bluefield in the Night, by which the Sloop 
St. John, loading with powder and some heavy Cannon, 
has unfortunately run upon one of the keys to wind- 
ward. The Ship Hope still Missing. Went this 
Evening and lay on Shore at Capt. Collinses House ; 
got my feet wet in a Boat ; lay under a Shed ; found 
the place very damp and Slept none. 

Monday, Oct. gih. Early in the morning came on 
board the Betsy. Unwell by 8 o'Clock. Was seized 
with an Ague. Doctor Sanderson reports the death 
of 57 out of 114 Embarked on board the Flora, Hos- 
pital Ship, and the crew near all down. Find Capt. 
Everett in a Sloop from Rattan with 52 Chosen Ne- 
groes for Ser\'ice. Dispatched him to the assistance 
of the St. John and the Royal George, with Water, to 
Search for the Hope. 

Tuesday, Oct. loi/i. Fever intermitted. 

JVcdncsday, Oct. nth. A severe attack of the Fever 
and Ague. The Transport Seamen falling down very 
fast. Negroes employed on the Huts. The Tent 
Cloaths very insufficient, and keep out no water. Fresh 
Water very difficult to be got at for the Troops on the 

Hill. 

Thursday Oct. 12th. Pelican, Capt. Haynes, sailed 
for Jamaica with my dispatches for Gen. Dalling. The 
Diamond supposed gone for Jamaica. 

Fridaw Oct. ijth. Nothing extraordinary. 

S^uUirdaw Oct. 14th. Nothing extraordinary but 
pulling; up Huts for the Hospital and Troops. 

.sVrf/^ijv. Oct. i^th. Capt Everett returned, having 
taken a quantity of thin^ out of the St John's Sloop, 
on Shore on one of the Pearl Keys. Out of 120 Bar- 
rels of Powder only 1 1 got out of her, and that damaged. 
No Account of the Hope: fear She is lost. 

j//v-j>i. cVa :^ti. ^xJ i-tL Unloading Capt. Ever- 
ett th,u Ke mav Sail as soon as possible to take the 
heavY Artillen out of the St John, and save as many 



kemble's journal, 1780. 49 

other Stores as possible. Very much indisposed these 
two days past. Capt. Rochat, Deputy Quarter Mas- 
ter General, also ill. 

Find from Capt. Everett that the Volunteer Seamen 
and some of the Carpenters took the St. John's Boat 
as soon as the Vessel was on Shore, and went to 
Pearl Key Lagoon, from whence they did not return 
till the week had expired, by which means the Master 
had it not in his power to get any of her Cargo out. 
Capt. M'Guire, of the Batteaux Corps, though present, 
did not exert himself to prevent any of these irregu- 
larities. 

Wednesday, Oct. i8th. Lieut. Campbell, Engineer, 
arrived in thirteen days from the Castle, but brings 
nothing new. He saw a Pettyaugur and a canoe in 
the Harbour of St. John's, who went off on seeing him 
round the point and Steered to the Southward. Mr. 
Despard writes me that the Spaniards had taken pos- 
session of an Island in the River below their Post, but 
does not say what distance. Capt. Everett Sailed for 
Sloop St. John, having got a Long Boat, Blocks, &c., 
to weigh the 24 pounders. 

Thursday, Oct. igth. All hands Employed on the 
Huts ; receive Letters for Gen. Calling from Major 
Laurie by a Small Schooner from Black River/ Capt 
Hoy. 

Friday^ Oct. 20th. Capt. Everett returned from the 
St John ; the Weather bad and a great Surf prevented 
him from saving the 24 pounders ; the Sloop parted 
and gone to pieces, saves some wheels and Gun Car- 
riages. Capt. Patterson returns from Pearl Key La- 
goon. 

Saturday, Oct. 21st. Recovering from my Indispo- 
sition ; hope to push things forward. 

Sunday, Oct. 2 2d. Hospital Hut near finished. 

Monday, Oct. 2jd. Woods's Schooner Sailed in 
Search of the Hope ; am miserable at receiving no 
Accounts of her, and the repeated Accidents that 
happen ; it seems as if fortune intended all should go 

VOL. n, — ^4. 



5o kemble's journal, 1780. 

wrong. Find the line of Huts not placed as I coiild 
wish. 

Tuesday y Oct, 24th. & 23th. Strong Winds at West 
and North West, with frequent showers. 

Thursday, Oct. 26th. & 2yth. Winds same, with 
thick. Squally Weather ; Rains increase. 

Saturday, Oct. 28th. Capt. Muller arrived. Lieut. 
McKenzie arrived by land fi'om the Kingston Packet, 
having left her at Monkey Point, where She was drove 
by bad Weather. Col. Irving set off for Bluefields 
River Falls, Winds at N. and N. E and N. W.; very 
bad Weather, with heavy Rains. A Violent Attack of 
the Ague and Fever. 

Sunday, Oct. 2gth, & joth. Winds the same, with a 
Continuation of very bad Weather. The Soldiers in 
Camp ordered into the Hospital Hut. 

Tuesday, Oct. 31st. All quiet. 

Wednesday, Nov. ist., 2d., & 3d. Nothing extra, 
but work going on very slow from Capt. Rochat s In- 
disposition as well as my own. 

Saturday, Nov. 4th. Kingston come from Monkey 
Point. 

Sunday, Nov. 3th. & 6th. Nothing Extraordinary. 

Tuesday, Nov. yth. The Kingston Sailed to St. 
John's Harbour with Lieut. McKinzey, Light Horse, 
20 Barrels Powder, and 160 six-pounders round Shot 
for the Castle. Capt. Davis went also in Kingston to 
regulate sending up Provision, should the Hope be 
there. 

Wednesday, Nov. 8th. & gth. Col. Irving returned 
from up the River. 

Saturday, Nov. nth. Extremely ill, as I have been 
for 7 or 8 days past. Woods's Schooner returned 
into Port. Capt. Muller Left Col. Irving's Quarters 
to proceed lip Bluefields River, to survey it and the 
Country as far as the Spanish Settlements, to report 
the Practicability of its Navigation, and the possibility 
of Marching an Army by that Route into the Spanish 
Country. Deemed by Col. Irving, who has been up 



kemble's journal, 1780. 5 1 

to the head of Russhua and into the Savanna, impos- 
sible, 

Sunday, Nov. 12th. Allen arrived in the Royal 
George ; reports that on the loth. October he arrived 
at St. Andreas, found the Ship Hope, the People in 
general well ; sailed the lyth. ; i8th. parted in a Gale ; 
made Monkey Point, and supposes the Hope to have 
got to the St. John's Harbour; put nine Puncheons of 
Water on board her. 

Monday, Nov. ijih. Very ill of a fever, which has 
scarcely intermitted for these four days past. 

Tuesday^ Nov. 14th. Capt. Everett returned into 
Port the second time, the Wind and Current not per- 
mitting him to make head against it. 

Wednesday^ Nov. 15th. & i6th. Nothing Extraor- 
dinary. 

Friday, Nov. lyth. Got some six pounders on the 
Bluff. Capt. Muller returned to Col. Irving's House, 
having been prevented proceeding up the River by 
the Spaniards taking the Alarm ; did not get so high 
as the Falls. 

Saturday, Nov. i8th. The Kingston returned from 
St John s ; the Hope not there. My Letters from 
the Castle as late as 24th. October. All quiet there, 
but Capt. Dixon complains much of the bad State the 
Provisions come up in. Capt. Davis informs me the 
Waters in River St John are six feet higher than 
when I left it, and the Current so rapid that no Boat 
can proceed. Lieut. McKenzie and Doctor left at the 
Mouth of the River to go up as soon as the flood 
would permit them. 

Sundav, Nov. igth, & 20th. Kingston repairing ; 
Brig PoUy sailed. 

Tuesday, Nov. 21st. Kingston sailed with Mr. 
Muller. 

Wednesday, Nov. 22d. Nothing Extraordinary. 

Thursday, Nov. 2jd. High Winds and bad 
Weather ; Soldiers' Huts begun. 

Friday, Nov. 24th. Capt. Askin arrived from 



52 kemble's journal, 1780. 

Jamaica with Dispatches from Gen. Dalling, ordering 
me to send orders to Officer Commanding at the Castle 
to blow up and Abandon it, bringing away all the Stores 
he can, and to bring off the Troops and Stores at Cook's 
Post with him, to leave one hundred Men at Bluefields 
with Stores, &c., and to give directions for fortifying the 
place ; To send another hundred Men to Black River 
under the Command of a Captain. No orders relative 
to Craft or anything upon the Subject, though my Let- 
ters must have informed him that Pitpans were con- 
tracted for and making by order of Sir Alexander Leith. 

Saturday, Nov. 25th. & 26th. Weather bad ; Cap- 
tain Todd ordered to be in readiness to proceed to the 

Castle, take the Schooner , Capt. Askin, into 

the Service. 

Monday, Nov. 2ytk. Captain Todd Sailed for the 
Harbour of St. John's, and to proceed to the Castle 
with orders to Capt. Dixon or Officer Commanding to 
Abandon the place. Capt. Ross came this day from 
Pearl Key Lagoon, where he left the Hope; this Vessel 
had lain for three weeks in Bocca Toro Harbour, not 
having been able to make St. John's when She left St. 
Andreas; got into Pearl Key Lagoon the 26th,; the 
hands and all on board in tolerable health except the 
Soldiers, which I am afraid proceeds from their want of 
Regularity. 

Tuesday, Nov. 28th. Dispatched Letters to Messrs. 
Cairns and Thomson and to Mr. L'Estrange to stop 
engaging Pitpans and Craft for the Public Service, 
though no direction from Gen. Dalling to do so, only 
presuming from the Tenour of his Letters that they 
cannot be wanted, and will be a great Expense to 
Government ; Mr. Brookman also forbid to buy or 
hire more Pitpans. 

Wednesday, Nov. 2gth. Took Possession of my 
Hut on the Bluff ; found it very Cold ; not well for two 
or three days before. 

Thursday, Nov. 30th. Taken with the most Violent 
Ague and Fever I ever had. 



kemble's journal, 1780. 53 

Friday^ Dec. isL Another Attack of the Ague. 
The Ship Hope arrived from Pearl Key Lagoon, and 
Anchored under the Bluff about 1 1 o'Clock morning. 
The wind very high, as it has been for ten days past,with 
hard Squalls and frequent Rain. A heavy Sea and the 
Hope rode with difficulty ; in the Evening She fired 
several Guns as if in distress, and actually threw some 
Provisions, &c., overboard to lighten her; Alarmed and 
immediately ordered the Agent to get a Sloop ready 
to go to her Aid, supposed She wanted an Anchor 
and Cable, with which Materials She was ill found 

Saturday, Dec. 2d. The Weather rather more 
favourable ; sent an Anchor and Cable on board the 
Hope ; the Ship very leaky and in bad condition 
otherwise ; got about 30 Barrels Provision out of her, 
but could get no more from the badness of the 
Weather. Order the Men of the L. I. C. on Shore as 
soon as possible. A third and very severe Attack of 
the Ague this day. Much reduced by it; Recom- 
mended to proceed to Jamaica by Dr. Jameson the 
Physician, and from thence to a Northern Climate 
for my health. 

Sunday, Dec. jd. By taking the bark in quantities 
put a stop to my disorder. The Sea so high that noth- 
ing could be got out of the Hope, and the Weather so 
changeable, boisterous, and uncomfortable that almost 
every Officer ill of the Ague and fever. 

Monday, Dec. 4th. A Continuation of same Weather, 
and no better prospect for this Month to come. 

Tuesday, Dec. ^th. and 6th. Lightening the Hope 
to get her into Harbour ; the Resource, Capt. Archer, 
arrived from Jamaica, with Duplicates of my Dis- 
patches for Abandoning the Castle. Capts. Thom- 
son and O'Brien arrived from the Black River with 
Letters from Major Laurie, representing the proba- 
bility of that Settlement being Attacked soon after 
Christmas ; Send him 120 Stand of Arms, four Barrels 
Powder, and Musket Ball in proportion, with some 
Provision. 



54 kemble's journal, 1780/ 

Thursday, Dec. yih. The Resource Sailed for 
Monkey Point in order to cover the Embarkation of 
the Troops from St. John's Castle. 

Friday, Dec. 8th. Order 1 10 Stand of Arms to be 
delivered Mr. Campbell, being sent in the Hope for 
Rattan, with 20 round of Ball for each. Weather 
continues very bad ; Dr. Davidson has frequent re- 
lapses of the Ague, though very unexpected, having 
lived a long time on the Shore ; Dr. Jameson very ill, 
though better. 

Tincum returned from St. John's Harbour; no Let- 
ters from Capt. Dixon ; private ones say the Troops 
at Castle are in great distress for want of Provisions ; 
Negroes Desert with whole Boats loaden ; the floods 
so high as to overflow Cook's Post, and all perishable 
Stores, Flour, &c., destroyed ; Current so rapid that 
no boat can make head against it, and all distress. 

Salter day, Dec. gth. Order Vessel to Sail for St. 
John's Harbour with Provisions, as I expect the Garri- 
son will be down from the Castle, prior to the Receipt 
of Orders to Evacuate it. 

Sunday, Dec. loth. Finishing my Letters for Ja- 
maica, &c., &c. 

Moftday, Dec. nth. The Sea so high on the Bar, 
the Hope could not be brought in ; Weather Showery, 
as usual. 

Tuesday, Dec. 12th. Bailey's Sloop dispatched to 
St. John's Harbour with Provisions, and to call on 
the Resource at Monkey Point. 

Wednesday, Dec. ijth. Hope still at Anchor out of 
the Harbour ; my fears for her safety not yet over ; At. 
II, morning, brought over the Bar. 

Thtcrsday, Dec. 14th. Woods s Schooner Sailed for 
St. John's Harbour; Hope got to the Wharf, but in 
so bad condition as not to Sail again without a 
thorough repair, and the hire of her before that can be 
done will come to so great a Sum as to make it almost 
necessary to Pay for her, and Government to dispose 
of her Materials as the Cheapest Mode. 



KEMBLE's JOURNAL, I 780. 55 

It IS apprehended there has been great want of Con- 
duct in the Master, and that he would have been as 
well pleased the Ship had been lost. 

Friday, Dec, 15th, The Transports, Sally, Flora, 
and Betsy sailed for Jamaica ; Mr. Stanford, Jameson, 
Lieuts. Fahy and Sheldon gone in them, all ill. These 
Transports begin to be leaky, and their hands to fall 
Sick, and it is much feared were they to remain longer 
they would meet with the same fate the Venus and 
others did, which is the reason of sending them with- 
out Convoy. 

Saturday, Dec. i6th. Very heavy Rain all fore 
part of this day. 

Sunday, Dec. lyth., iSth., & igth. Nothing Ex- 
traordinary, but Col. Irvings arrival from Pearl Key 
Lagoon. 

Wednesday, Dec. 20th. Capt. Dixon and Ensign 
Craskill arrived from the Castle, which they left the 
i6th. ; much mortified to hear the Mines will be long 
perfecting ; surprised at their want of Tools, and at 
the Engineer's negligence in not sending for them 
before, as I had directed Capt. Dixon to have the 
Mines complete in case we should be under a neces- 
sity of quitting the Castle at short Notice. 

Thursday, Dec. 2isL, 22d.y & 2jd. Nothing Ex- 
traordinary ; Weather better these few days past. 

Sunday, Dec. 24th. About this time Col. Irving 
seriously talked to me on the situation of Affairs here, 
and his jealousies of Capt. Dick, a Woolwa Chief, 
carrying Intelligence to the Spaniards. On 21st. past 
begun to cut down the bushes and form an Abbattis 
round the Hill. • 

Monday, Dec. 2^th., to Sunday, 31st. The Negroes 
employed on the Abbattis, but much retarded by erect- 
ing Sheds for to cover Provisions, &c., pumping Ship 
Hope, and unloading her, it being feared She would 
sink alongside the Wharf, and distress on all hands 
by demands for Negroes' labour. 



56 kemble's journal, 1781. 

1781. 

Monday, January ist. & 2d. Wrote to Col. 
Irving on the danger of leaving his Stores on the 
other side, having a large quantity of Arms and 
Ammunition. 

Wednesday, Jan. 3d. Wood returned with 24 Sick 
from St. John's Harbour, sent there from the Castle, 
but brings no Letters. 

Thursday, Jan. 4th. Bailey's Sloop returned from 
St. John's Harbour with Letters from St. John's Castle 
of the joth. & 31st. December, which contain Intel- 
ligence that things will be sooner brought to a Con- 
clusion there than was at first expected. 

Friday, Jan. §ih. & 6th. Nothing Extraordinary. 

Sunday, Jafi. yth. Bailey's Sloop sailed again for 
the Harbour. 

Monday, Jan. 8th. & ^th. Nothing Extraordinary. 
Wednesday, Jan. loth. The Resource passed by 
for Monkey Point. 

Thursday, Jan. nth. The Kingston Packet arrived 
with Dispatches from Gen. Calling. 

Friday, Jan. 12th. (5f 13th. Nothing Extraordi- 
nary. Much rain about this time. 

Sunday, Ja?t. 14th. The Schooner Pitt sailed for 
St. John's Harbour ; rain. 

Monday, Jan. 15th. & i6th. Nothing New. 

Wednesday, Jan. lyth. Joe Woods's Schooner 
sailed for St. John's Harbour. The Redoubt Picketed 
out this day ; commence Working on it to-morrow. 

Thursday, Jan. i8th., igth., & 20th. Nothing ex- 
traordinary ; Weather in general bad. 

Su7iday,Jan. 21st. The Kingston sailed for Jamaica 
with Col. Irving, Capts. Dixon and MacDonald, and 
Lieut. Craskill. 

Monday, Jan. 22d. Much Rain all this forenoon 
bad Weather the whole day. 

Tuesday, Jan. 23d. Lieut. McKenzie arrived fror 
St. John's Harbour with 12 or 14 Light Horse and th 



kemble's journal, 1 78 1. 57 

Spanish Men and Women Prisoners. Received Let- 
ters from Lieut. Brown at same time, acquainting me 
that the Spaniards came to the Castle on the jd. in the 
morning and took Ensign Wardell, 79th., Ensign Cald- 
well and Brumigham, of late Batteaux Corps, with 
Doctors Kieffe and Robinson, from Sir A. Leith's hut 
on the Height, and one Soldier of 79th. Prisoner ; 
that about 7 o'Clock they began to fire on the Castle 
from three small pieces of Artillery, but on his send- 
ing some Marksmen to the Tower they were drove 
from their Guns ; That during the day and part of 
Night they charged two Mines (having blown one 
before), which Mr. Despard set fire to, and the Rest 
of the Garrison retreated in safety, leaving one ten- 
pound and two 6-pound Brass Guns at the water side 
not spiked ; that it is thought the Castle is effectually^ 
destroyed, and arrived at the Harbour the /M./ had 
taken up two iron six pounders from the Sloop 
Success. 

Bailey's Sloop so leaky that they could hardly keep 
her above Water ; Everett's Sloop in very bad order 
also. 

Wednesday, Jan. 24th. Captain Wood arrived from 
St. John's Harbour with some sick. 

Thursday, Jan. 25th. Nothing/Extraordinary. 

Friday, Jan. 26th. Lieut. Brown, and Despard, 
Engineer, with the remainder of the Troops and 
stores, arrived from St. John's Harbour. Since my 
being here two Curiosities have been put into the 
Doctor's hands, viz. : a large Spider, about 2\ inches 
long, of great strength, taken in one of the Gentle- 
men's Huts ; and a Snake, both ends apparently the 
same, but no Houth or Sting at the Tail — the Negroes 
said it was poisonous — about 2 feet long, and Brown 
in Colour, thought to be a Tom Goss. The other 
Snake in this Country of a poisonous nature is called 
the Barber s Pole, of a striped Colour, and very dan- 
gerous. Deer are killed in this Country, but small, of 
a light Brown Colour, and flesh quite White, but have 



58 kemble's journal, 1781: 

no great taste. The Quam and Curasoa Birds are 
good in November and December, but in June, July, 
and August poor, dry, tough, and insipid, — the Curasoa 
particularly, only fit to make soup of. Partridges as 
large as Dung Hill Fowls are also to be had of an 
excellent flavour and brown flesh, and others rather 
larger than the Northern Quail extremely good, and 
resemble the Quail in every respect ; the other birds in 
general of indifferent eating. The Warree and Pec- 
cary, a species of Wild Hog, very good Eating ; the 
Manati, a fish that feeds upon Grass, about 5 to 7 
feet long, has a horizontal tail, and very good, black 
in colour, and has a thick Skin. Great quantities of 
Teal and Duck are to be shot in the Lagoons, and 
excellent in their kind. Snook Fish got at the Castle 
in great numbers, and very fine in all November and 
December, as well as Crawfish 5 pounds weight; 
Snook killed by fixing a Bayonet on a stick at the 
edges of the Water. Tarpum, a larger fish, caught in 
other seasons, very bad; Snook excellent; Tarpum 
from four to six foot long ; Alligators and Shark at 
the Castle Innumerable. 

Saturday y Jan. 2yth., to Wednesday, jist. Nothing 
Extraordinary, but preparing to quit the place for 
Jamaica. 

Thursday, February ist. Nothing Extraordi- 
nary. 

Friday, Feb, 2d. Surprised at no Account of Capt. 
Patterson and the Craft ; taken ill of the Ague ; have 
been unwell some days. 

Saturday, Feb. jd. Continue unwell. Send a 
Boat with ten paddles to ^et Intelligence of Capt. 
Patterson. 

Sunday, Feb. ^fth. She returns, having been overset 
in Hone Sound Bar, and the People near Perishing. 

Monday, Feb. ^th. Resolved to go to Jamaica. 

Tuesday, Feb. 6th. The Detachment for Black 
River Embarked. 

Wednesday, Feb. yth. The Royal George, one of 



kemble's journal, 1 78 1. 59 

the Vessels to go to Black River, sprung a leak last 
Night ; ordered to be hove down. 

Thursday, Feb. 8th. Embarked ofi board the Re- 
source for Jamaica, and Sailed about 2 P. M. Blue- 
fields Bluff is in Latitude 11.57. The Harbour good 
when you are in, but a Vessel drawing more than 12 
or 1 3 feet of Water cannot get over the Bar. Course 
from Bluefields about E. B. S. ; Wind N. E. 

Friday. Feb. gth. Off St. John's Harbour, Lat. 1 1.5. 
Lat. of Harbour, 10.45 J Wind N. E. 

Saturday y Feb. loth. Small rain and cloudy Weather 
off Bocca Toro ; Wind W. S. W. ; Course N. E. B. E. 
Lat. 10.4. 

Sunday y Feb. nth, ^Fair Weather and light Winds. 
Lat 9.41 ; Course E. ^ N. Distance, 15 Leagues. 

Monday, Feb. 12th. Fresh Breeze all this 24 hours, 
at North Latitude ; observed 9.30 off Porto Bello. 
Course Easterly-Southerly. Distance, 24 Leagues. 
At Noon tacked and stood to the N. W., land bearing 
upon Lee bow E. S. E. to S. W. upon the Quarter. 

Tuesday, Feb. ijth. Bailey in distress all this morn- 
ing; two pumps going, and can't free her. At 12 
Noon took Lieut. Knox. Ensign Pine, and Mr.Galbreath 
on board, with some Negroes ; the Vessel something 
lightened, makes less Water, and stood for the San- 
blas. Latitude observed, 9.42. Course first half 24 
hours N. W. ; Latter half E. by N. ; land to the South- 
ward very distant. Wind N. N. E. ; fresh Gale and 
Squally all these 24 hours. At 4 Yesterday afternoon 
took the Schooner in tow, She having Split her kel- 
son ; at ID A. M. Cast her off, having repaired and 
secured her mast. At 2 P. M. the Sloop Industry 
made the Signal of distress ; at 3 came under our 
Stern, the Water in her hold above the Guns. At 4 
got all the People out of her, cut away her mast, and 
left her with a quantity of Ordnance (brass) from St. 
John's Castle, in all ten pieces, two four-pounders, the 
largest French, some Provisions, &c., but the Sea was 
so high that nothing could be saved. Tacked at 



6o kemble's journal, i78i, 

six A. M. ; course N. W. Tacked at 1 2 at night ; 
course E. 

Wednesday^ Feb. 14th. Pleasant weather and fine 
breeze at N. N. E., at 8 P. M., made the land, stood in 
for it, at Meridian so near the Shore as to distinguish 
the Cleared Ground four Miles to the Eastward of 
Porto Bello, and within 2 of two small Rocks or 
Islands. A point of land to the Eastward about two 
leagues, off which are two keys, the Harbour hid from 
us by a bluff, and not to be looked into but from the 
Westward, and is entirely covered by high land to the 
Eastward, which probably excludes the Sea Breeze, 
and makes it so unhealthy. Lat. 9.42 ; Tacked at Me- 
ridian, and stood to the N. W. and B. W. ; Porto 
Bello in Lat. 9.33 North. The Country to the East- 
ward is well inhabited, is high, and probably healthy ; 
To the Westward low ; just at the Harbour's Mouth 
is a Rock, but not fortified, nor can any fortification 
be erected there ; At 6 P. M. tacked and stood to 
the N. W. ; At 12 at Night stood to the Eastward 
again. 

Thursday, Feb. 15th. Fine Weather, Course East. 
Lat. observed 9.52 North ; See the looming of the 
land bearing S. S. W. 12 or 14 Leagues, supposed to 
be the Highlands to windward of Porto Bello. 

Friday, Feb. i6th. Fine Weather and pleasant 
breeze these 24 hours past, Wind North ; Steer E. N. 
E., suppose to make a due East Course. Lat. Observed 
9.24; Highland upon the Lee quarter. Suppose to 
be off the Gulf of Darien. 

Sattcrday, Feb. lytk. Pleasant Weather and light 
Winds, Course N. E. At 10 P. M., land in the W. S. 
W. Quarter. Lat. Observed 9.31 North. 

Sunday, Feb. i8th. At 6 P. M. Fresh Breeze, 
sounded 25th. fathom, tacked and stood to the N. W. ; 
at 8 Gale increased, down Top Gallant Yards ; at 9 
blew hard and high Sea, handed fore T. Sail ; at 6 
A. M. Gale continue, tacked and stood to the East- 
ward ; at 8 Saw the Schooner to Leeward ; at Merid- 



kemble's journal, 1 78 1. 61 

lan, Lat. 10.9, Gale continues, a strong Northerly Cur- 
rent, Carthagena bearing N. E. 17 leagues. 

Monday^ Feb. igth. Fresh Breeze all these 24 
hours ; at 6 P. M. tacked and stood to the N. W. ; at 
12 Night tacked and stood to the Eastward; at 8 
A. M. the Schooner Dolphin made a signal of dis- 
tress ; at 9 took several people out of her, and gave 
the Command of her to Mr. Campbell, Pilot of the 
Resource, who undertook for ;^200 to bring her to 
Jamaica and her cargo ; at 11 A. M. She made Sail 
for the San Bias ; at half-past Meridian She was out 
of sight. Lat. observed 10.19; Carthagena bearing 
East. Distant 16 Leagues. 

Capt Pettet, Jamaica Volunteers, died on board 
the Schooner the 12th. Mr. Orton, Surgeon's Mate 
Stavely, Mr. Tripple, conductor of Artillery, Kent 
the Carpenter, four Spaniards of Light Dragoons, 
Antonio, a Negro Prisoner, Two black and One 
White Woman, taken out of the Schooner. 

Tuesday, Feb. 20th. At two P. M. tacked and stood 
to the Eastward ; at 6 tacked and stood to the West- 
ward ; at 8 fresh Gale, handed M. T. Sail ; Gale Con- 
tinued all Night ; at 8 A. M. set Main Top Sail ; Gale 
continues, but fine weather ; tacked and stood to the 
Eastward ; At Meridian ditto. Gale. Lat. observed 
10.40, Wind N. N. E., Course E. B. S. >4 S., Carthagena 
distant 20 Leagues, bearing E. B. S. 

IVedfiesday, Feb. 21st. Had a severe fit of the Ague. 
Lat. observed 10.30, Wind N. N. E., Course E. B. S., 
Carthagena distant 6 Leagues ; stood in for this land ; 
at 3 A. M. tacked and stood to the Westward, Car- 
thagena bearing E. B. N. 4 Leagues, the Fortifica- 
tions in view, and a large Convent called Madre de la 
Papa, or the Mother of the Pope, about 7 Miles in the 
Country, Carthagena, Lat. 10.30. 

Thursday, Feb. 2 2d. Stood over for Jamaica, Wind 
E. N. E. ; fresh Gale this and the preceding day, Lat. 
observed 12 North. 

Friday, Feb. 23d. Fresh Gale all these 24 hours, 



62 kemble's journal, 1 781. 

Wind E. N. E. % N., Course North Westerly, Lat. 
observed 13.48. 

Remarks upon the Rainy Season at the Castle at 
St. Juan. The Winds from about 20^ A. October to 20th. 
December are strong (at North), with constant and 
heavy Rains during the day, but frequently at Night 
from the Southward, both very Cold, pleasant, and 
healthy to our Troops, but to the Spaniards the Con- 
trary, most of whom were ill of violent fevers. This 
shows the difference of constitution and mode of liv- 
ing. The Spaniards are a temperate People, eat little 
meat, and live mostly on Vegetables and Roots ; nor 
do those in the Colonies drink any Wine ; the Officers 
at the Castle said they did not believe there was a 
Bottle of Wine in Granada, and, except the President, 
not ten men that had Wine in Guatemala, 

Saturday, Feb. 24th. Fresh Breeze these 24 hours. 
Wind E. B. N., Course North Easterly, Distance 130 
Miles. Lat. Observed 15.58. 

Stinday, Feb. 25th. Fine Weather and pleasant 
breeze these 24 hours. Wind E. N. E., Course 
North, Distance 60. At 11 P. M. made Portland 
Rock, distant 14 Miles. Lat. Observed 16.56. At 
half-past one P. M. passed the Rock about a Mile off. 
It's about a quarter of a Mile in circumference, very 
deep Water close to it, has no Verdure upon it, and 
appears to be jagged and very sharp pointed, from 
whence it may be supposed the Sea often breaks over 
it. It is near ten Leagues from this Rock to Portland 
Point in the Island of Jamaica, a direct North course. 

Mondayy Feb, 26th. Fine Weather and Calm all the 
forenoon. Portland Point bearing N. B. E. Lat. 
Observed 17.27. Atone P. M. a Breeze at E. B. S. y^ 
S. Course N. E. B. N. Portland Point distant 3 
Leagues. At 3 abreast of Portland Key ; tacked and 
stood to the Southward ; at 5 tacked and stood N. E. 
B. N. again. Three Sail appear to be standing into 
Old Harbour. 

Tuesday, Feb. 2'/th. Arrived at Port Royal about 



kemble's journal, 1 78 1. 63 

half-past three Afternoon, landed at Port Henderson 
at dusk ; at 9 Night got to Spanish Town ; the Gover- 
nor ill, could not see him ; sent for at daybreak, his 
Excellency going into the Country, had only a mo- 
ment's Conversation with him. 

Wednesday^ Feb. 28th. Dined with Brigadier 
Campbell ; very politely received, and have reason 
from his conversation to think my Conduct has met 
with the Approbation of the World. 

Thursday y March ist. & 2d. Remained at Spanish 
Town. 

Saturday, March jd. Went to Kingston ; find 
Sir Alexander Leith's behaviour has been most In- 
famous. 

Sunday, March 4th. Saw Sir Peter Parker, who 
railed against the Expedition. Dined with Gen. 
Garth, who is also dissatisfied. 

Monday, March ^th. Returned to Spanish Town ; 
not very well. 

Tuesday, March 6th. Something better, though 
apprehend the Ague to-morrow. 

Wednesday, March yth. A severe attack of the 
Ague. 

Thursday, March 8th. Went to Donnington, Gen. 
Dalling s place in St. Mary's. 

Friday, March gth. A very severe Ague and Fever 
for full 24 hours. 

Saturday, March loth. Took the bark in quanti- 
ties. Find the air of Donnington very Cold and 
Chilly. 

Sunday, March nth., to Thursday, i^th. Tolera- 
bly well. 

Friday, March i6th. & ijth. Not very well. 

Sunday, March i8th. & ipth. Feverish. 

Tuesday, March 20th. Got back to Spanish Town. 

Wednesday, March 21st. & 2 2d. Not very well. 

Friday, March 2jd. Went to Kingston ; not well. 

Saturday, March 24th. Not well. 

Sunday, March 2^th. Returned to Spanish Town. 



64 kemble's journal, 1781. 

Seized with a Violent Ague ; very Delirious great 
part of the day. 

Monday, March 26th, Took quantities of the Bark 
and threw the Fever off. 

Tuesday, March 2yth., to Saturday, jist. Mending. 

Sunday, April ist., to Wednesday, ^fth. Some Ap- 
prehensions of an Ague, but hope it is the effects of 
Cold and will go off. 

Thursday, April ^th. & 6th. Tolerably well. 



II. 



ORDERS 



OF 



BRIGADIER-GENERAL STEPHEN KEMBLE. 



EXPEDITION TO. NICARAGUA. 



1 780-1 781. 



VOL, II —5. 



ORDERS OF 



BRIGADIER-GENERAL KEMBLE. 



Fort Augusta, 29th. Jan., 1780. 

Capt. Bulkely with 50 Men from the Detachment of 
the 79th. Regiment, and Capt. Harrison with 50 from 
that of the Loyal Irish Corps, to Embark on Board 
His Majesty's Ship the Hinchinbroke to-Morrow 
morning at Gun firing, when Boats are Ordered to be 
ready to carry them on Board. 

The Officers who go in the Man of War are Desired 
to send their Baggage on Board this Evening. 

The remainder of the Troops are to hold themselves 
in readiness to Embark on the shortest notice. 

Fort Augusta, ist. Feb., 1780. 

The remainder of the Detachment from the Loyal 
Irish Corps are to Embark on Board the Penelope 
transport as soon as the Officer at present Command- 
ing the Troops at Fort Augusta, under Orders for 
Embarkation, shall think proper. 

As soon as the Troops have Embarked, the Officer 
commanding on Board each transport will make an 
Exact Return of the Number of Men of each Regiment 
on Board and send it to the Adjutant-General in His 
Majesty's ship, Hinchinbroke. 

Hinchinbroke, Feb. i5th., 1780. 

As it is not Specified in the Commissions to the 
Officers of the Volunteers how they are to Rank with 



68 BRIG.-GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, 178a 

the Regulars, the Commanding Officer thinks it Neces- 
sary to make Known to them what His Excellency 
Gen. Dalling has been pleased to fix in his Instruction 
to him, Viz. : 

Field Officers of the V^olunteers to Rank with Cap- 
tains of the Regulars, Captains with Lieutenants, and 
Lieutenants with Ensigns, according to Dates of their 
several Commissions. 

His Excellency has also been pleased to Appoint 
Capt. Poison Colonel and Commander in Chief on the 
Expedition. 

Lieut. Mounsey, Adjutant-General. 

Capt. Hallam, Deputy Quarter Master General. 

Lieut. Despard. Engineer. 

Ensign Schomberg, Sub Engineer. 

Mr. Samuel Jones, Store Keeper of Artillery. 

Napier Lieutenant, Fire Worker. 

Treple and Munro, Conductors of Artillery. 

The troops are to hold themselves in readiness to 
disembark this Evening or to-morrow Morning. 

Wank's Camp, i6th. Feb., 1780. 

The different Detachments to make a Return as 
soon as Possible of the Officers, N on-Commissioned 
Officers, Privates, Drummers, Servants not Soldiers, 
Women and Children, mentioning the Names of Each, 
these Returns to be given into the Adjutant-General, 
that a General one may be made for the Commander 
in Chief. 

The Regulars are to be formed into one Battalion 
and the Volunteers into another, each Battalion to 
Mount a Quarter Guard and Rear Guard. 

The Quarter Guard of the Regulars to Consist of 
One Subaltern, One Serjeant, One Corporal, One 
Drummer, and Twenty One Privates ; that of the Volun- 
teers, One Subaltern, One Serjeant, One Corporal, One 
Drummer, and Fifteen Privates. 

The Rear Guard of the Regulars to consist of One 
Serjeant, One Corporal, and Twelve Privates. 



BRIG. -GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, I 780. 69 

That of the Volunteers, one Serjeant, One Cor- 
poral, and Nine Privates. 



Wank's Camp, 17th. Feb., 1780. 
Parole Nelson. 

The troops in future to beat at 8 o'Clock in the 
Morning, when the Officers and Men are to parade for 
Roll Calling and the different Guards mount. 

The Retreat at Five o'Clock in the evening, when 
the Men will again parade ; the Tattoo at Eight o'Clock 
when the Men will go to their Tents and no more Noise 
allowed in Camp ; the Serjeant of the Rear Guard is 
then to see the fires put out. 

A Picket to mount every Evening at Retreat beat- 
ing, Consisting of One Captain, One Subaltern, Two 
Serjeants, two Corporals, one Drummer, and Thirty- 
Six Privates, which Picket is to reitiain in Camp with 
their Accoutrements on, and ready to turn out at a 
Moment's warning. 

The Captain of the Picket will go the Grand Rounds 
3tany Hour he pleases of the Night, and direct the 
Subaltern to go Visiting Rounds ; frequent Patrols to 
go from the Quarter Guard. 

Lieut. Colvill of 79th. is to act as Quarter Master, 
^nd Lieut. Leo of the Loyal Irish to act as Adjutant 
^0 the Battalion of Recfulars. 

Ihe Adjutants of the two Battalions will attend the 
Adjutant General every Day at 12 o'Clock, to receive 
General Orders. 

The Commander in Chief desires the Officers Com- 
J'^anding Detachments to direct their men's Rum t 
*^ given them at two different times of the day mixed 
With Water, Viz.: Nine o'Clock in the Morning, and 
at I P. M. 

The Commander in Chief positively forbids any 
"ring of Muskets, &c., in the Neighbourhood of the 
Camp, as it may Cause frequent Alarms. 



70 BRIG.-GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, 1780. 

Wank's Camp, Feb. i8th., 1780. 
Parole Laurie, C. S. Dalrymple. 

The Commander in Chief is very sorry to find that 
some of the Soldiers have been Marauding. He flat- 
tered himself that he Commanded a Body of Men 
who would Act on a very different Principle than that 
of Robbing and distressing the Inhabitants of the 
Country they are in, who are their friends. He is, 
however, certain that every good Soldier will give 
information of any Person he finds Committing such 
an Outrage, and The Commander in Chief assures 
them that the very first found offending in this Respect 
shall be most severely Punished. 

He also desires that the Soldiers will cultivate a 
Friendship with the Indians and endeavour to gain 
their good will, as the assistance of them will be of 
the greatest Use on the Service we are going. 

The Corps of Volunteers will be mustered to-mor- 
row Morning at* 9 o'Clock by the Commander in 
Chief; they are therefore to be Under Arms at that 
Hour. 

All Orders are to be read to the Men in their Streets 
before they are Marched out to the front. 

G. O. Wank's Camp, 19th. Feb., 1780. 

Parole Jamaica, C. S. Kingston. 

Many mistakes having arisen in drawing provisions 
from the Commissar)^ the Commander in Chief directs 
them in future to be drawn in the following manner, 
Viz.: 

The Detachment of the 69th. Regiment in One 
Body. 

Capt. Despard's Co., 79th. Regiment, in One Body. 

Capt. Bulkely's Detachment, 79th. Regiment, in 
One Body. 

The Detachment of the Loyal Irish in One Body. 

The Volunteers landed from the Julia transport in 
One Body. 



BRIG.-GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, I 780. 7 1 

Volunteers landed from the Penelope transport- in 
One Body. 
The Tradesmen and Seamen. in One Body. 
Officers of Artillery and others not particularized 
are to be supplied in Quantities, not less than ten 
Rations. 

Officers to draw their Rations with their Men, and 
only to be supplied with one each, and an Allowance 
will be made of One Shilling Sterling per Ration for 
the deficiency. 

Provisions will be issued to the Regulars from Six 
o'clock to nine in the Morning, and to the Volun- 
teers from that Hour 'till 12 at Noon. 

The Commander in Chief desires that the Officers 
who have Received Marquees from the Deputy Quar- 
ter Master General will be particularly careful of 
them, as they are to be considered public Stores and 
not private property, therefore will be returned unless 
orders should be Received from His Excellency Gen. 
Balling respecting them. 

Acting Ensign Wardle of 79th. Regiment is to do 
Duty as Ensign with the Detachment from that Regi- 
ment. 

The Battalion of Volunteers to furnish the Picket 
this Evening. 

G. 0. Wank's Camp, 20th. Feb., 1780. 

Parole Kemble, C. S. Hinchinbroke. 

The Commander in Chief desires a Return may be 
made immediately to the Adjutant-General of the 
Number of Men in each Corps who have been Exer- 
cised at the Great Guns, and of those used to make 
Cartridges. 

The Officers Commanding Companies and Detach- 
ments are desired not to draw Rations for the Men 
who are Sick in Hospital, but are to mention the 
Number they have there every Morning in their pro- 
vision Return, the Artificers at Work under the direc- 
tion of Master Shipwright in the same manner ; The 



72 BRIG. -GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLe's ORDERS, I780. 

Commander in Chief desires the Officers of the differ- 
ent Corps will not suffer their Men to Barter their 
Qothing or Necessaries for Provisions or other 
things, as they cannot be again supplied with them in 
this Country. 

G. O. Wank's Camp, 21st. Feb., 1780. 

Parole Clinton, C. S. York. 

The Volunteers to furnish the Picket this Evening ; 
Major McDonald and Capt. Cook of the Volunteers, 
Officers for Picket. 



G. O. Wank's Camp, 22d. Feb., 1780. 

Parole Expedition, C. S. Success. 

The men Returned as having practised the Great 
Guns are to attend one of the Conductors of Artil- 
lery every Evening at 4 o'Clock ; they are neverthe- 
less to fall in with the Battalion in the Mornings, but 
to do no other Duty. 

The Storekeeper of Artillery will get on Shore 
immediately such things as are wanting for the two 
field pieces. 

The Battalion of Regulars to furnish the Pickets 
this Evening. 

Capt. Bulkely and Lieut. Leigh for Picket this 
Evening. 

G. O. Wank's Camp, 23d. Feb., 1780. 

Parole London, C. S. Westminster. 

The Commander in Chief desires the Officers of 
the different Corps will settle with the Commissary 
to-morrow for what Rations are due them both while 
on Board Ship and since Landing. 

The Regulars to furnish the Picket this Evening ; 
Officers for Picket, Capt. Harrison and Lieut. Fahy. 



BRIG. -GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE*S ORDERS, 1 780. 73 

G. O. Wank's Camp, 24th Feb., 1780. 

Parole Schomberg, C. S. Royal George. 

The Commander in Chief Desires Officers of the 
two Battalions will give in the Dates of their Com- 
missions to the Adjutant-General. 

G. O. Wank's Camp, 25th. Feb., 1780. 

Parole Bristol, C. S. Bath. 

The Commander in Chief recommends it to the 
Officers to be putting their Baggage on board the 
transport, as it is probable the Army will Embark in 
a few days. 

The Volunteers to furnish the Picket this Even- 
ing ; Officers for Picket, Major McDonald and Capt. 
McDonald. 

General after Orders. 

A Subaltern Picket of each Battalion to mount this 
Evening. 

The Picket of the Regulars to Consist of 

Sub. Serj. Corps. Drum. Privates. 
I I 2 I 21 

That of the Volunteers — of 

Sub. Serj. Corps. Privates. 
Ill 15 

The Subalterns of the Pickets to go Visiting Rounds 
twice during the Night in their own Encampment. 

G. O. Wank's Camp, 26th. Feb., 1780. 

Parole America, C. S. Quebec. 

A Subaltern's Picket of each Battalion to mount in 
future as ordered last Night. 

A Captain of the Day from each Battalion to be 
Appointed, who is to go Grand Rounds as often as he 
thinks proper during the Night, in the Encampment 
of the Battalion he belongs to. 



74 BRIG.-GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, 1 780. 

The Subalterns of the Pickets will furnish whatever 
Number of Men the Captains of the Day may desire 
as an Escort. 

All Demands on the Commissary for single Rations 
due to Officers from the ist. to 25th. of this Month, 
inclusive, to be given into the Quarter Master of each 
Battalion on or before the 28th. Instant, after which 
time no such Demand will be allowed. 

G. O. Wank's Camp, 27th. Feb., 1780. 

Parole Louisbourg, C. S. Halifax. 

Wank's Camp, 28th. Feb., 1780. 

Parole Virginia, C. S. Williamsburgh. 

^ The Detachment of the 60th. Regiment and Light 
Infantry Company of the 79th. Regiment to Embark 
on Board the Horatio Transport to-morrow morning. 
They will parade in the front of their own Encamp- 
ment at Reveille beating. The Deputy Quarter Mas- 
ter General will provide Boats to carry them on Board 
at that time ; as the tents will be wet, they are not to 
strike them, but leave them standing. 

The Remainder of the troops will hold themselves 
in readiness to Embark on Wednesday Morning. 

G. O. Wank's Camp, 29th. Feb., 1780. 

Parole Carolina, C. S. Charlestown. 

The Volunteers are to be mustered this Evening at 
five o'clock. 

They are to Embark on Board the Julia and Penel- 
ope transports to-morrow Morning at Reveille beat- 
ing in the same proportions as before. 

The Deputy Quarter Master General will provide 
Boats for their Embarkation. 

G. O. Wank's Camp, ist. March, 1780. 

Parole King George, C. S. Tempest. 
The Detachment of the Loyal Irish Corps that came 



BRIG. -GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, I780. 75 

here in the Penelope are to Embark on Board her 
to-morrow morning. 

The Sick in Hospital are also to be put at that 
time on Board the transport in which their Respective 
Companies are. 

The Surgeon General will distribute the Mates 
among the different Ships to take care of them. 

The Detachment of the 79th. Regiment from Black 
River will Embark with the Loyal Irish on Board the 
Brig Penelope. 

The Deputy Quarter Master General will provide 
Boats for the Embarkation of the troops in the Morn- 
ing, and will get as many of the Stores put on Board 
as he can in the course of the Day. 

Wank's Camp, 3 March, 1780. 

The Remainder of the Troops to Embark on Board 
His Majesty's Ship, the Hinchinbroke, to-morrow 
Morning. 

The Deputy Quarter Master General will provide 
Boats for their Embarkation. 

Gracia de Deas. 

On Board His Majesty's Ship Hinchinbroke, 

March 5th., 1780. 

His Excellency Gen. Dalling has been pleased to 
appoint James Laurie, Esq., Major Commandant of all 
the Volunteers raised on the Mosquito Shore and Bay 
of Honduras, likewise of all the Indians. Commission 
dated 20th. November, 1779. 

Mr. James Thompson, Captain ; Commission dated 
I St. March, 1780. 

Mr. Edward Caddelle, Captain ; Commission dated 
2d. March, 1780. 

Mr. James Pitt Laurie, Lieutenant ; Commission 
dated ist. March, 1780. 

Mr. Robert Foxley, Lieutenant ; Commission dated 
2d. March, 1780. 



76 BRIG. -GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, I780. 

Mr. Samuel House, Ensign; Commission dated ist. 
March, 1780. 

Mr. David Lamb, Adjutant ; Commission dated ist. 
March, 1780. 

Mr. Samuel House, Quarter Master ; Commission 
dated ist. March, 1780. 

Mr. Richard Armstrong, Surgeon ; Commission 
dated ist. March, 1780. 

Lieut. Vernon, of the Jamaica Volunteers, having 
resigned his Commission in said Corps, is appointed 
to do duty as Ensign with the Detachments from the 
60th. Regiment. 

Ensign Douglas, of the J. V., is appointed Lieu- 
tenant, vice Vernon resigned ; Commission dated 3d. 
March. 1780. 

Mr. William Turner to be Ensign vice Douglas pro- 
moted ; Commission dated 3d. March, 1 780. 

Ensign Mr. Lear to be Lieutenant ; Commission 
dated 4th. March, 1780. 

Mr. John Davis to be Ensign ; Commission dated 
4th. March, 1780. 

A Captain, Subaltern, and 28 Men of Major Laurie's 
Corps to hold themselves in Readiness to march to 
Black River on the Shortest Notice. 

G. O. Hinchinbroke, 21st. March, 1780. 

An Exact State of all the Detachments from the 
different Regiments and Corps, and of the Volun- 
teer Corps, to be given to the Adjutant-General to- 
morrow. 

The troops are to hold themselves in readiness to 
disembark as soon as the Ships come to Anchor in the 
Harbour of St. John's. 

Capt. Bulkely, Two Subalterns, two Serjeants, One 
Drummer, and Fifty Rank and File from the Detach- 
ment of the 79th. Regiment, and two Captains, three 
Subalterns, three Serjeants, two Drummers, and Fifty 
Rank and File, from the Jamaica Volunteers, to take 



BRIG.-GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, 1 780. ^^ 

post immediately after Landing, on such Ground as the 
Engineer will point out to them. 

The Detachment of the 6oth. Regiment, the L. I. 
Company of the 79th.. with the remainder of the De- 
tachment from that Regiment, the Loyal Irish, the 
Jamaica Volunteers, and Major Laurie's Corps are to 
get five Days' provisions cooked, as they will be em- 
barked in Crafts, to proceed up the River St. John's, 
where they will have no opportunity of Cooking. 

The Commissary will order such provisions as are to 
be sent with the troops to be put on board the Crafts 
before they embark in them. 

The Store Keeper of Artillery will have the 12, 6, 
and 4 Pounders, with their Ammunition, &c., &c., put 
on the very bottom of the Crafts ; he will give the 24 
and 9 Pounders what Cartridges are made up for them, 
and 24 Barrels of Powder, with their Balls, &c., &c., 
to Sub Engineer Schomberg, who is to remain with 
Capt. Bulkely, and he is also to give him a sufficient 
quantity of Powder and Musket Ball to make up 100 
Rounds of Cartridges for 200 Men. 

The Commander in Chief desires the Officers Com- 
manding the troops on Board the different Transports 
will have the Articles of War read to the Men before 
they Disembark. 

Mr. John Campbell is appointed Chief Director 
(with the Rank of Captain) of all the Crafts, Pitpans, 
Dories, &c., which shall be Employed on the Expedi- 
tion. 

The Commander in Chief thinks it necessary to 
make known an Article of his Instruction from His 
Excellency Gen. Dalling, which is as follows : 

" I beg your Attention to the following paragraph 
in the last dispatch from the Superintendent on the 
Shore, that the Commanding Officer on the Expedi- 
tion should be instructed to avoid giving any Disgust 
to the Indians, by depriving them of their private 
plunder, which might occasion a general defection and 
prove fatal to the Enterprise. To this I must add my 



78 BRIG. -GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, 1 780. 

positive directions to all Officers serving under you, 
that they interfere not in any respect whatsoever with 
the Indians but from your Orders, and that they take 
every Step that the Soldiery have little connection 
with them, in Order to avoid the possibility of Disgust 
on their side ; this to be inculcated in the most Strong 
manner, with an assurance that the neglect of so nec- 
essary a piece of Duty will produce dismission to the 
Officers of Volunteers, and trial by a General Court 
Martial to the Officers of the Regular Forces. The 
Necessity of keeping such People in good humour is 
obvious ; inconsistencies, and even absurdities, from 
them must not be Combated." 

The Commander in Chief assures the Officers and 
Soldiers he at present has the Honour of Commanding 
that it is not from any reason he has to find fault with 
their treatment of the Indians hitherto that the above 
is inserted, but as now their Number will be greater, 
more irregularities must be expected from them ; he 
therefore thinks it necessary to inculcate in the 
strongest manner the absolute Necessity of granting 
them every indulgence, as their defection would cer- 
tainly render the success of the Expedition precarious. 
He is also well assured that the negroes who have 
been taken into the Service will be treated with the 
utmost humanity. 

In case it should be found necessary for the Army 
to go up the River in two separate divisions, Lieut. 
Fireworker Napier and Conductor Munro will go with 
the first. Lieut. Fireworker Napier is therefore to 
receive from the Store Keeper of Artillery the Guns 
attached and other Military Stores belonging to it. 
The Store Keeper of Artillery and Conductor Triple 
will proceed with the Second Division and take charge 
of the Guns attached and other Military Stores be- 
longing to it. The Store Keeper will apply to the 
Adjutant General to know the different proportions 
the Commander in Chief intends for each. 

A Return to be given in immediately of the^Num- 



BRIG.-GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, I780. 79 

ber of Cartridges and Flints wanting to Complete to 36 
Rounds per man and three flints each. 

The Store Keeper of Artillery to give in immedi- 
ately a Return of the Arms delivered to the Jamaica 
Volunteers ; he is also to get a Receipt for them from 
Major Macdonald. 

G. O. Hinchinbroke, 26th. March, 1780. 

Capt. Bulkely, with the Detachments from the Reg- 
ulars and Volunteers, are not to remain here as di- 
rected in former Orders. 

One Subaltern, One Serjeant, One Drummer, and 
15 Rank and File from the Regulars, and One Subal- 
tern, One Serjeant, and 15 Rank and File from the 
Corps of Jamaica Volunteers, are to take post this 
forenoon on such Ground as will be pointed out to 
them. 

The remainder of the Regulars composing the first 
division are to proceed up the River to-morrow morn- 
ing ; they will therefore Cook five Days' provisions. 

Such Men as the Surgeon General thinks unable to 
go with their Detachments are to be left here. 

The Second Division, consisting of all the other 
troops, will follow as soon as a Sufficient number of 
Craft arrives to take them. 

G. O. St. John's River, April ist., 1780. 

As the Army is now entering into an Enemy's 
Country, an Attack may always be Expected. The 
Commander in Chief therefore thinks it necessary to 
make the following Disposition : 

The Light Infantry Company of the 79th. Regiment 
are always to be in front, and, in case of an Attack on 
that part, are to land and form in such a Manner as 
the Officer Commanding them may think most advan- 
tageous, according to the Situation of the Country. 

The Detachment from the 60th. Regiment will fol- 
low them, and, in case of an Attack, land as soon as 



80 BRIC.-GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, 1780. 

possible for their support, forming on their left, unless 
they have Directions to the contrary from the Com- 
mander in Chief, or, in his absence, Capt. Despard. 

The Detachment from the 79th. Regiment will fol- 
low and obser\*e the same directions. 

The Loyal Irish Corps will bring up the rear. 

In case of an Attack either on Center or Rear, the 
troops attacked will endeavour to make good their 
landini^ and form in the manner above directed, or as 
the Officer present Commanding shall think necessary. 

The Commander in Chief having so great a depend- 
ence on the troops he has the Honour of Command- 
ing thinks it unnecessary to recommend to themathe 
utmost attention to their Arms and Ammunition ; he 
would also have the greatest confidence in the conduct 
of the Officers and Braver)' of the Soldiery, recom- 
•mend to them the use of the Bayonet wherever it can 
be done in good order, without creating Confusion, as 
nothing strikes such a Damp on foreign or undisci- 
plined troops as Coming to close Quarters. 

The Commander in Chief Directs that in future none 
of the Crafts go ahead as they have hitherto done, but 
those in front on meeting with any Shoal will, after 
ijetting over it, go no farther than to allow the other 
iTraft room to get over ; he also desires that they will 
assist each other, but he is sensible he need give no 
farther directions on that head, from the very good 
Disposition he has observed in the troops to forward 
the Service they are going on. 

G, O. Fourth days Sail from the HarbDr 

of St. Johns, 2d. April, 1780. 

Parole Russia, C. S. Petersburgh. 

The Commander in Chief desires the Officers will 
jjet their men into the Crafts every Morning by Break 
of Dav, 

G, O, Fifth day s Sail, 3d. April, 1 780. 

Parole Norway, C. S. Bergen. 



BRIG.-GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, 1780. 8 1 

G. O. Sixth day's Sail, April 4th., 17S0. ; 

Parole Ireland, C. S. Dublin. 

As the Army is now approaching the Castle of St. 
John's, The Commander in Chief desires that no 
Noise whatever may be allowed in Camp, and that 
the men get into their Boats as quietly as possible, 
&C. The Boats will keep in their proper Stations to- 
morrow. 



G. O. Seventh day's Sail, April 5th., 1780. 

Parole England, C. S. London. . 

G. O. Eighth day's Sail, April 6th., 1780. 

Parole Scotland, C. S. Glasgow. 

The Surgeons' Mates are to attend the Surgeon 
General, and give him such assistance as he mayre- 
quire* 

No fires are to be made in Camp to-night. 



G. O. April 7th., 1780. 

Parole Holland, C. S. Hague. 

The troops will march by Land frojn hence to-mor- 
row morning to the upper end of the Rapids ; such 
men as are not able to march will be embarked in the 
Crafts, which the Mosquito men are directed to carry 
up to Still Water, where the troops will again go on 
board of them in the same proportions as before. The 
greatest Silence to be observed on the march and in 
the Crafts. 

As the duty will now become hard on the Soldiers, 
al! Officers' Servants will go on whatever Duty their 
Masters are ordered. No Non-Commissioned Officers 
or Soldiers to be Excused duty, except in case of Sick- 
ness or Confinement. 

VOL. u.- 



82 BRIO.-GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE'S ORDERS, I780. 

G. O. 8th. April, 1 780. . 

Parole Belfast, O S. Carrickfergus. 

The troops are to hold themselves in readiness to 
Embark in the Crafts early to-morrow morning. 

G. O. Lookout Island, 9th. April, 1780. 

Parole King George, C S. Success. 

A Subaltern and twenty men to remain in this 
Island to take charge of the Spanish Prisoners ; the 
remainder of the troops will embark in the Crafts 
early to-morrow morning. 

G. O. First "day from Lookout Island, 

loth. April, 1780. 

Parole Quebec, C. S» Carleton, 

A Detachment of One Captain, two Subalterns, three 
Serjeants, One Drummer and Eighty Rank and File 
to advance immediately and take post about a mile and 
half or two miles in front 

The Officer commanding the Detachment will leave 
a Special number of men to carry four days' provisions 
for the whole, as soon as they can be delivered, which 
they will Cook this night 

The Army will proceed by land to-morrow morning ; 
One Subaltern and twenty men are to remain and take 
charge of the Crafts and Baggage. 

G. O. April 14th., 1780. 

Parole Dover, C, S. Deal. 

Two days' provision to be issued to the troops this 
Evening. 

G, O. Post before St John's, April 15th., 1780. 

Parole Hampton, C. S. Windsor. 



BRIG.-GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, I780. 83 

General Morning Orders. April i6th„ 1780. 

Three days' provision to be issued to the troops im^ 
mediately. The working party are to have their Pro- 
visions Cooked this Evening. 

G. O. Post before St. John's, i6th, April, 178a 

Parole Halifax, C. S, Hull. 

G. O. Post before St. John's, 17th. April, 1780, 

Parole Kent, C. S. Essex. 

All Guards, Detachments and working parties to be 
relieved this Evening. 

G. O. Post before St John's, i8th. April, 178a 

Parole Dunrobin, C. S. Sutherland. 

G. O. Post before St John's, 19th. April, 178a 

Parole Ross, C. S. Tuin, 

As it is uncertain when the second Division of 
Craft may arrive. The Commander in Chief thinks it 
necessary to put the troops to the following allowance 
of Provisions, Viz. : 

>4 lb. of Beef, % lb. of Flour, ^ pint of Rum, Per 
Diem. 

Two days' Provisions to be issued to the troops this 
and to-morrow morning ; each Provision Return to be 
given in to the Conimander in Chief, as the Commis- 
sary had directions not to issue any without his Particu- 
lar Order. 

G. O. Post before St John's, 20th. April, 178a 

Parole Inverness, C. S. Fort George. 

Capt Despard's Detachment and the Baggage Guard 
to be relieved this Evening. 



■ 

84 BRIG.-GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, 1 780. 

G. O. Post before St. John's, 2isL April, 1780. 

Parole Elgin, C. S. Aberdeen. 

G. O. Post before St John's, 22d. April, 1780, 

Parole Dundee, C. S. Banff. 

The Different detachments and Guards to be relieved 
this Evening. 

St John's Harbour, Friday, 21st. April, 1780. 

Parole Resource. 

His Excellency Gen. Dalling has been Pleased by 
Letter of the i8th. Inst to order Lieut-Col. Kemble 
to assume the Rank of Brigadier-General during his 
command of the King's Troops on the Main, and no 
longer ; Ensign Charles Browne, of the 60th., is ap- 
pointed to Act as Major of Brigade and is to be 
obeyed as such. The Officers Commanding Detach- 
ments are to Apply Immediately to Mr. Galbraith, 
Deputy Agent, on board the Monarch, for a Blanket 
for each Officer, Non-Commissioned Officer, and Pri- 
vate man, and give Receipts for the same. 

A Detachment of 30 Men with Officers in propor- 
tion from the Legion to be in readiness to proceed up 
the River at a moment's Warning. 

Orders, half past 1 1 o'Clock. 

Two Subalterns, Two Serjeants, One Drum, and 
Seventy Rank and File of the 79th. Regiment, and 
80 of the Legion, Officers in proportion, to proceed 
up the River this afternoon. Application to be imme- 
diately made for their proportion of Blankets, Camp 
Kettles, Tent Clothes and Kegs. 

The Officer commanding the Detachment of the 
79th. will call on board the Ulysses before he goes off. 

Two of the four Artillery with 2 Howitzers, a Num- 
ber of Live Shells and other Ammunition, with their 



BRIG,-GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, I780. 85 

Beds and Traveling Carriages td be in readiness to be 
Embarked in Boats Immediately. 

The Troops ordered to proceed up the River are 
Immediately to have 5 days' Bread and Meat Issued to 
them which is to be dressed as soon as possible. The 
Rum to be put on board one of the Boats for them. 
In order to prevent disputes about Command, the 
Detachment of the 79th. and Legion ordered up the 
river are to be Commanded by their respective Omcers, 
and are not to Interfere with one another upon any 
account, but to proceed as Separate bodies, though 
always keeping so near as to support each other if 
Necessary. 

St. John's Harbour, Saturday, 22d. April, 1780. 

The Artificers of all sorts belonging to the different 
Corps to be landed to-morrow morning at daybreak at 
the Encampment, where they will receive their Orders 
from Lieut. Schomberg or Ensign Jessrick, Engineers. 
They are to be provided with Camp Kettles, Tent 
Clothes, &c. 

A Working party of a Subaltern and 40 Men, from 
the Detachment of 60th. Regiment, to land at the En- 
campment to-morrow Morning at daylight ; they will 
receive their Orders from the Engineer. 

G. O. Post before St. John's, 23d. April, 1780. 

Parole England, C. S. St. George. • 

The want of Craft to bring up the Second Division 
of the Army has been the cause of not a Sufficient 
Quantity of Provisions arriving to give the troops full 
allowance. A Ration is therefore to consist of ^/^ lb. 
of Beef or Pork in proportion, yi lb. of Flour or Bread, 
yi Pint of Rum, Per Diem. 

The Commander in Chief is sorry to be under the 
disagreeable necessity of continuing the troops at a 
Short allowance of Provisions, being sensible of the 
very great fatigue they are obliged to undergo from 



86 BRIG.-GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, I780. 

the nature of the Service, but he assures them the 
Deficiency shall be made good, either in Money or 
Provisions, as soon as a Sufficient quantity arrives. 

Two days* provisions for the troops of the ist. Divis- 
ion, and One day's for the 2d., to be issued this evening 
and to-morrow Morning. 

St John's Harbour, Sunday, 23d. April, 1780. 

The Men's Arms and Ammunition to be frequently 
examined and the greatest care taken of them. As 
nothing contributes more to the health of the Soldier 
than Cleanliness, the Officers Commanding Transports 
are requested to be particularly attentive to this very 
Essential part of their duty. 

A Detachment of one Subaltern, two Serjeants, and 
40 Rank and File, from the Regular Corps, to be 
landed to-morrow morning early, if the Weather is fair, 
and Hut near the Detachment Commanded by Lieut. 
Brown, of the 60th. ; that Detachment will likewise 
make Huts for themselves, and will be Augmented to 
5o Men, with Non-Commissioned Officers in propor- 
tion. 

The Spare Ammunition belonging to the Detach- 
ment of 60th. Regiment to be put into 20 Boxes made 
for that purpose, which they will find on board the 
Venus or Monarch. Ensign Pine, of the Loyal Irish, 
to Command the Detachment ordered to land to- 
morrow. .1 ' 

All the Artificers from the different Transports to be 
at the mouth of the River to-morrow morning by day- 
light to attend the Sub Engineer with Ropes, % crown 
Nails and Plank. 

Lieut. Charlton, of the 60th. Regiment, to Act as 
Assistant Quarter Master General till further orders. 

G. O. Post before St John's, 24th. April, 1780. 

Parole Perth, C. S. Stirling. 
The Guards and Detachments to be relieved this 
Evening. 



RRIG.-GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, 1780. 87- 

St Johns Harbour, Monday, 24th. April, 17S0. 

Lieut Harrison, of the Loyal Irish Corps, is to Com- 
mand the Detachment ordered to la»d to-day instead 
of Ensign Pine. 

Ensign Truster to superintend the Working party 
for making Huts. 

Evening Orders 10 o'Qock. 

A Detachment of 16 Seamen, from the Legfon, and- 
an Officer to be ready to-morrow morning at daybreak 
to proceed up the River with five days* Provision for 
each Man. 

G. O. Post before St. John's, 25th. April, 1780.. 

Parole Leith, C. S. Hamilton. 

The Commissary will give only }^ lb. of beef or 
Pork in proportion for the daily allowance of Meat till 
further Orders. 

Two days' provisions to be issued to the tiroops thi^ 
Evenings and to-morrow Morning. 

St. Joh»s Harbour^ Tuesday, 25th. April, 17^0. 

A Working party of a Captain, two Subalterns, and 
100 Men to be landed to-morrow morning at daybreak. 
They will receive tlieir Orders from Ensign Jesserick, 
Engineer. 

All Carpenters with their Tools, who can be spared 
from the Transports, to be landed at the same time,, who 
are likewise to receive their Orders from the Engineer. 

Should any Engineers' Tools be found by accident 
on board any of the Transports, a Report is to be 
made to the Brigade Major of the same as soon as 
possible. The Sawyers belonging to the different 
Corps to be landed at the Encampment to-morrow 
morning with the Working party, a Return of them to 
be made to Brigade Major Browne at 9 o*'Clock. 

The Commissary of Provisions to have a deposit 
at the Encampment and all Detachments on Shore ; 
the Women and Children to receive their Provision 



88 BRIG.-GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, I 780. 

there as soon as a Return of their numbers is given in 
to the Brigade Major. 

The Officers Commanding Working parties are de- 
sired to be very attentive to their duty ; to see that 
their Men are constantly at Work during the proper 
hours, which are from daylight in the Morning till 9 
o'clock, and from 3 in the Afternoon till Sunset. 

^ 

G. O. Post before St. John's, 26th. April, 1 780. 

Parole Port Glasgow, C. S. Greenock. 

The Commander in Chief is sorry to be Obliged to 
take notice in this public manner of the Shameful 
neglect of Serjeant Murray in allowing his Guard to 
be surprised this morning and abandoning his post. 
He hopes th^'Ceneral Court martial which shall be 
ordered for this trial as sopn as possible will take 
proper notice of so heinous a Crime, which not only 
brings a General disgrace on the Army, but endangers 
the safety of the Whole. 

The Commander in Chief desires the Officers will 
take particular care that none of the men when on 
Duty are allowed to go to Sleep during the Night, and 
that they are under Arms from an Hour before day- 
light and till an Hour after, as directed in former 
Orders ; part of each Guard may be allowed to Sleep 
during the day. 

The Guards and Detachments to be relieved this 
Evening. The Regulars to furnish for Duty two Cap- 
tains and five Subalterns. Volunteers, two Subalterns. 

G. O. Post before St John's, 27th. April, 1780. 

Parole Kilmarnock, C. S. Dunbar. 

Two days* provisions to be issued to the troops this 
Evening and to-morrow morning. 

St. John's Harbour, Thursday, 27th. April, 1 780. . 

Lieut. Harrison, of the Loyal Irish, to land his 
whole' Detachment to-morrow morning early, and re- 
main on Shore till further Orders. Lieut. Browne, of 



BRIG.-GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS', 1 780. 89 

the 60th. Regiment, being the Senior on Shore, will 
order proper Guards to be mounted, and such Sentries 
posted as he shall judge necessary for the Security of 
the Encampment, subject to such alterations as Col. 
Dalrymple may choose to make, whose orders are to 
be obeyed upon all occasions. When the Working 
parties quit Working, an Officer to see all the Tools 
collected and put under the Charge of Sentries, and 
every possible care taken that they are not broke or 
damaged, As the Rains retard the Work, and the 
Urgent necessity of the Service requiring the Battery 
to be erected on the Point should be finished with all 
dispatch. The Brigadier requests the Officers Com- 
manding Working parties will take every opportunity 
of improving the Intervals of fair Weather that may 
happen, though they may offer during the Hours as- 
signed for the Men to be at rest. 

G. O. Post before St. John's, 28th. April, 1780. 

Parole Ulysses, C. S. Resource. 

The Guards to be relieved this Evening. The 
Regulars to furnish 2 Captains and 4 Subalterns. The 
Volunteers to furnish 2 Captains and 3 Subalterns. 

St. John's Harbour, Friday, April 28th., 1780. 

Capt. Schroter and 27 Men of the Legion to pro- 
ceed up the River this Afternoon, with five days' 
Provision for each Man, two days of which to be 
dressed immediately. It having been represented to 
the Brigadier that a shameful neglect and Inattention 
has been observed in Officers Commanding Detach- 
ments, and that some of them have quitted their 
parties, by which means many irregularities have been 
committed, he thinks it necessary to Apprise Officers 
that a due obedience to orders and attention to their 
duty is so essentially necessary to carrying on the Ser- 
vice in a proper manner, that he will think it an indis- 
pensable part of his duty to take the Strictest Notice 
of all who shall disobey. 



90 BRIG.-GEX. STEPHEN KEMBLE*S ORDERS, I780. 

Officers should recollect that it is only from their 
example, care of Provisions, Stores of all sorts, &c., 
that an Expedition of the Nature of the one they are 
now engaged in is to be carried on with honour to 
themselves and Countr)\ 

St. John's Harbour, Saturday, 29th. April, 1780. 

The Detachment of 60th. Regiment to proceed up 
the River to-morrow morning at 5 o'Clock ; boats will 
be sent to take them on board. Lieut Charlton to 
remain till further Orders. 

G. O. Sl Johns Castle, 30th. April, 1780. 

Parole St. John. C. S. Success. 

St. John's Harbour, Sunday, 30th. April, 1780. 

An Officer and 16 Men of the Legion to be in 
readiness to proceed up the River immediately ; Craft 
will be sent to take them on board, which they are to 
Navigate. This party to take Provisions for Seven 
davs7 no Women to be suffered to go up the River. 

After Orders. 

A Guard of a Corporal and 6 Men from the 60th. 
Rei^iment to be ready to come alongside the Horatio 
Transport at 6 o'Clock this Evening ; a boat will be 
sent for them. A Return of the Miners and Colliers 
of the different Corps to be given in to-morrow morn- 
ing to the Brigade Major. 

G. O. St. Johns Castle, ist. May, 1780. 

Parole Sunderland, C. S. Newcastle. 
The Spanish prisoners to be sent down the River 

to-morrow Morning. ^ t 1 o • 

A Guard Consisting of i Subaltern, 2 berjeants, 2 

Corporals. 4 Drummers, and' 30 nien to Escort them. 

Exclusive of the Seamen and Marines. 
All the Marines on Duty to be sent this Evening to 

Camp. 



BRIG, -GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, I 780. 9 1 

The Regulars to furnish the Guard this Evening, 
Two Subalterns. Volunteers, Two Subalterns. 

St. John's Harbour, Monday, May ist., 1780. 

Officers Commanding Detachments of Boats that 
may go up the River to be responsible for every Ar- 
ticle that is put on board them ; they will have lists 
of what is put on board each Boat, and will give Re- 
ceipts for the same. 

G. O. St. John's Castle, 2d. May, 1780. 

Parole Strasburg, C. S. Dresden. 

No person in future to fire in Camp or in the Vicin- 
ity of it. 

The Prisoners to Embark on Board the Crafts early 
to-morrow Morning. 

The Regulars to furnish for the Escort One Subal- 
tern, One Serjeant, One Corporal, One Drummer and 
Eighteen Privates. The Volunteers, One Serjeant, 
One Corporal, and twelve Privates. 

The whole to parade at day break to-morrow. 

St. John's Harbour, Tuesday, 2d. May, 1780. 

All the Men that can possibly be spared from the 
different Corps are to go on Shore at day break to- 
morrow Morning, in order to forward the Works 
carrying on there. As the Working party is increased, 
Capt« Dixon, of the 6oth. Regiment, and Lieut. Har- 
rison of the Loyal Irish, are for that duty. 

St. John's Harbour, Wednesday, May 3d., 1780. 

The order of the 21st., relative to Officers of the 
Regular Troops and Legion not interfering in Com- 
mand, is to extend to all other Detachments that may 
hereafter go up the River in a similar situation, or 
till further Orders. 

St. John's Harbour, Thursday, 4th. May, 1780. 

A number of Sick Indians being ordered to land 
and Encamp near the Redoubt on the Point, The 
Officer Commanding on shore will give the Strictest 



3a:*:L-iHx. stzphex xzmblz's iblzess, 178a 



iir^tczlcnfi mar ne :?oidier5 io aoc irtcerfcre with or 
rnciesr rhem in iny r^scecc wiarever : He will likewise 
crier Pr^vrsions 10 be Issued ro rftetru care to be 
*^en ihac i careril Serjeant is seac to make a Return 
or their aumheri diat no more Racoas mav be drawn 
for than ire Men present: A Surgeon to attend them 
dailv and to Ret^crt a Scare of them to die Command- 
in§- iI>iEcer on eTery Monday. 

Serjeant Gross^ ot ooch. Regiment, b to attend the 

L:zineer tfll further Orders. 



The EVetachment of ooch. Regiment on board the 
Indusay to be remoTed to the Horatio to-morrow 
mominc: as soon as possible, and the Troops on 
board the Monarch to prepare to go on board the 
Venus and Industry at a moment's warning. 

St. lohns Harbour. Saturday. 6ih. May, 1780. 

The Troops to be ready to proceed up the River at 
a Moment s warning : i: is expected Officers will not 
overload the Boiats^ nc^r take more Baggage with them 
than is Absolutely necessary. Such Officers as go in 
Craft Xa\-igated by Indians or Sambos are to be par- 
ticularly caureful that they are not ill used by the 
Soldier^ : persuasion and mild .Arguments have more 
weic-ht than rous^ usa^ye with them, and they will find 
their .Account in iL 

All the spare .Ammunition to be taken the greatest 
care of and covered in the best manner possible, as 
well as the Men's Arms and Accoutrements. Such 
recovered Men as belong to Detachments up the 
River are to take the present opportunity of Joining, 
and will proceed with their oum Corps now here. 

Sl John's Harbour, Sunday, 7th. May, 1780. 

The six Blacks taken into the Ser\ ice of Govern- 
ment belonging to Mr. Jones, being Sawyers by trade. 



BRIG.-GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, I780. 93 

are immediately to be landed and delivered to the 
Engineer, who will employ them in Sawing Platforms 
for the Battery, &c. 

It is the Brigadier's positive order that not any of 
the Craft are used by either Officer, Soldier, or Sailor 
to go on Shore with, or for any other purpose than 
that of the Public Service ; the whole to be assembled 
to-morrow morning at 7 o'Clock at the Horatio, the 
Detachment that came down with the Prisoners to 
come in their own Craft at same time, with such Per- 
sons as may have assisted in the Navigation of them. 
Capt Fotheringham having been so good as to promise 
that a number of Seamen should be landed from time 
to time to assist in erecting the Battery, the Officer 
Commanding the Working party will take care that a 
certain portion of Work is allotted them, and that they 
are not interfered with by any other parties. 

Camp near St. John's Castle, 

Tuesday, i6th. May, 1780. 

It is Brig.-Gen. Kemble's positive orders that none 
of the Posts, Plank, or Timber in and about the Fort 
is destroyed or made use of for any other purpose than 
that of the Public Service. When the Troops want 
Fuel they are to fetch it from the Wood ; and it is 
recommended to Officers Commanding Corps to order 
it to be done early in the morning. All Returns and 
Reports to be made to Brigade Major Brown during 
the Indisposition of Lieut. Mounsey, Adjutant General. 
All orders heretofore given by Col. Poison are to con- 
tinue in force, and such other orders as he may think 
necessary to give in future are to be obeyed. 

The Spanish Prisoners and Slaves in the Fort are 
to be employed in cleaning it of all Rubbish and Filth, 
as well as the Ditch and other places near it ; The 
Officer of the Guard to be answerable this is done, and 
will give his directions accordingly. A Return of each 
Corps to be given in to-morrow morning to the Major 
pf Brigade. The Adjutant, or an orderly Officer from 



94 BRIG.-GEN. STEPHEN KEMBL£*S ORDERS, 178a. 

each Corps, to attend the Major of Brigade at 12 
o'clock every day to receive Orders. 

Wednesday. 17th. May, 1780. 

CoL Poison is appointed to Act as Quarter Master 
General to the Expedition, and will Command the 
Battalion of R^^ular Troops till further Orders. 

Thursday, i8th. May, 1780. 

AQ the Men in Camp, Convalescents as well as 
others, to attend morning and Evening Roll calling, 
with their Anns and Accoutrements^ The Command- 
ii^ Officers of Cmps are requested to pay particular 
attention to this part of their duty, and direct that 
such Officers as are able do attend, to examine the 
Men*s Arms. Accoutrements, and Ammunition, see 
that they are in proper order, and fit for immediate 
use* The necessit}- of the Service requires the Exer- 
tion of every OflRcer, not only to promote that proper 
discipline the situation of an Army advanced into an 
Enemy's Countrj- makes so essentially necessary, but 
to contribute bv their attention in the internal man- 
agement of their Corps to the health of the Soldier ; 
cleanliness, and a proper method of Cooking their 
provisions is very requisite, particularly at this time. 

Officers Commanding Guards are not to quit their 
P^o^s on any account All Guards to turn out an 
hour before daybreak, and continue under Arms till 
they can see distinctly and have a clear view of every- 
thing round them. 

No Officer or Soldier to be suffered to remain in the 
Castle, but such as have permission from the General, 
or a public Officer by his order. 

The Officer Commanding the Guard to be answer- 
able that this order is obeyed. The Detachment of 
the Legion under Capt Thomson's Command to En- 
camp immediately. Capt Hallam, D. Q. M. General, 
will show them their ground Dr. Thomas Dancer 



BRIG.K;EN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, I780. qS 

is appointed to act as Physician to the General Hos- 
pital till further orders. 

Friday, 19th. May, 1780. 

A Court Martial of the line to sit this morning at 
4 o'clock to try all such Prisoners as shall be brought 
before them. The Battalion of Regulars to furnish 
I Captain and i Subaltern, the Jamaica Volunteers i 
Subaltern, and the Legion 2 Subalterns. The Ser- 
jeant's Guard at the Magazine not to permit any 
Boats to cross the River without an order from Gen. 
Kemble or a public Officer. 

The Boats to be collected as near together as pos- 
sible opposite the Commissary's store. 

Head Quarters, 20th. May, 1780. 
Parole Norway, C. S. Howe. 

A Return of the strength of each Corps to be given 
in to-Morrow at 12 o'Clock to the Adjutant General 
after Orders. 

All the Men off duty, with Drummers of the Line, 
to Parade to-Morrow Morning a Quarter before 8 
o'clock in front of the Battalion of Regulars to attend 
the Punishment of those Men tried this day by a 
Court Martial of the Line ; Capt. Bulkeley, of the 79th. 
Regiment, to Act as Adjutant General during the 
absence of -Adjutant General Mounsey. 

G. O. Camp near St. John's Castle, 20th. May, 1780. 

Parole Norway, C. S. Howe. 

A State of each Corps and Detachment to be given 
to the Adjutant General at twelve o'Clock to-morrow. 

G. O. Camp near St. John's Castle, 21st. May, 1780. 

Parole Arbuthnot, C. S. Halifax. 

It is Brig. Gen. Kemble's positive Orders that all 
men who Die are buried at least Sixty Yards beyond 



96 BRIG.-GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, 1 780. 

the Magazine Tent, and that the People employed in 
making the Grave are particularly careful that it is 
not less than four feet deep. 

A Captain of the day to attend Guard Mounting 
every Morning. He is to go round at Night and see 
that all Guards and Sentries are Alert, and to Visit 
the Hospital once a day, and report to the Commander 
in Chief every Morning immediately after Guard 
Mounting, at which time the Captain next for Duty 
will commence. 

The Guards to parade half an Hour before Seven 
every Morning, and to march off precisely at Seven, 

Captain for the day to-morrow, Capt. Poison. 

G. O. Camp near St. John's Castle, May 22d., 1780. 

* _ 

Parole Blenheim, C. S. Woodstock. 

The Commanding Officers of Corps are requested 
to make particular inquiry among their Men for such 
as understand burning Charcoal, and to send a Return 
of their Names to Mr. Despard, Engineer, imme- 
diately. 

Necessary Places being made in front of the En- 
campment, No Soldier or other person whatever to 
Ease himself anywhere else. And as nothing Con- 
tributes more to the preservation of health than 
Cleanliness, Such as are found to disobey this Order 
may depend upon being Severely punished. 

G. O. Camp near St. John's Castle, 23d. May, 1780. 

Parole New Castle, C. S. Clinton. 

All Soldiers' employed as Artificers, and who really 
understand their Business, will from henceforward be 
allowed Five bits per day for the days they Work. 
The l^ngineer to keep a List of them and settle their 
Accounts every Saturday Evening, that there may not 
be any Complaints hereafter. 

Commanding Officers are desired to Order all the 
Tools in possession of their Corps and near them to 



BRIG. -GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, 1 780. 97 

be collected and given in charge of the Guard in the 
Centre of the Encampments. A List of them to be 
given the Serjeant and another to the Engineer, to 
whom Officers will apply when, they want Tools for 
any Use in Camp, which they are requested to Return, 
as the loss of them would materially Injure the Ser- 
vice. The Serjeant of the Guard to put the different 
sort of Tools by themselves, have a List of them made 
out and given to the Serjeant who Relieves him, who 
will be answerable that none are taken away but by 
proper Authority. He will mention the Number of 
Tools in Charge of his Guard in his Report. 

In consequence of an Official Letter from Major 
Cribb of the 79th. Regiment, to Capt. Bulkeley of 
same Corps, acquainting him that the following pro- 
motions have been notified by the Agent, Viz. : Capt. 
Lieut Bulkeley to be Captain Vice Cribb, 12th. 
January, 1780; Lieut. Colvill, Captain Lieutenant 
Vice Bulkeley, Ditto ; Ensign Schomberg, Lieutenant 
Vice Colvill, Ditto. 

The Commander in Chief is pleased to order that 
these Gentlemen Rank accordingly. 

States of each Corps to be given in every Morning 
at nine o'Clock to the Brigade Major. 

The troops to beat every Morning at Seven o'Clock 
in the Morning till further Orders. 

A Return of the Masons in each Corps to be sent 
to Major Brigade Browne immediately. 



G. O. Camp Near St. John's Castle, 24th. May, 1780. 

Parole Richmond. 

The troops to receive two Days provisions to-mor- 
row, which Victuals them to the 27th., Inclusive. Offi 
cers Commanding Corps are desired to order their 
men to fetch their provisions either in the Morning 
early or in the Evening, as Carrying such great Bur- 
dens during the Heat of the day is very prejudicial to 
their Health. 

VOL. II— 7 



98 BRIG. -GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, 1780* 

Camp Near St John s Castle, 

Thursday, 25th. May, 1780. 

Parole Calais, C. S. Dover. 

Camp Near St John's Castle, 

Friday, 26th. May, 1780. 

Parole Quebec, C. S. Hull. 

Camp Near St John's Castle, 

Saturday, 27th. May, 1780. 

Parole Dartmouth. 

The Officer of the Castle Guard, and the Non- Com- 
missioned Officers of the different Guards are fre- 
quently during the Night to Visit their Sentries, and 
be very particular that none are suffered on any ac- 
count to sit down on their Posts ; detected in doing it, 
they are immediately to be confined. The Officer of 
the Castle Guard to mention in his Report the different 
Hours He Visits his Sentries during the Night The 
Non-Commissioned Officers to do the same in their 
Reports. The Troops to receive two days' provisions 
this Evening or in the Morning early, which Victuals 
to the 29th., Inclusive; they are by no means to fetch 
their provisions in the heat of the day. 

Camp Near St. John's Castle, 

Sunday, May 28th., 1780. 

Parole Fort Edward, C. S. Leeds. 

Camp Near St John's Castle, 

Monday, May 29th., 1780. 

Parole Munster, C. S. Truro. 

A Weekly state to be given in every Sunday at 
Orderly time, of each Corps, to the Brigade-Major in 
this State ; the Number of Officers of each Rank pres- 
ent fit for duty, the Number sick in the same manner, 
the Non-Commissioned Officers, Drummers, and Pri- 



BRIG.-GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, I780. 99 

vates to be mentioned, without taking Notice of those 
on Command. Casualties that happen by Deaths or 
Desertions between the giving in each state to be 
mentioned. A General Return to be given in every 
second Sunday at orderly time, accounting for every 
Man belonging to each Corps. 

Lieut. Napier to give in immediately, to the Adju- 
tant-General, A Return of the Number of made Car- 
tridges for the Field Pieces, also of the Number of 
Cartridges for Musketry. 

The Troops to receive two days' provisions this 
Evening and in the Morning early, which Victuals to 
the 31st. 

Camp Near St. John's Castle, 

Tuesday, 30th. May, 1 780. 

Parole Haldimand, C. S. Boston. 

Camp Near St. John's Castle, 

Wednesday, 31st. May, 1780. 

Parole Plymouth, C. S. Derry. 

No Non-Commissioned Officer, Soldier, or follower 
of the Camp is, on any pretence whatever, to presume 
to go hunting in the Woods without a pass from the 
Commanding Officer of the Corps to which he belongs ; 
any Man disobeying this Order may depend on being 
severely punished. The Troops to receive two days' 
provisions this Evening or early to-Morrow Morning, 
which Victuals them to the 2d. of June Inclusive. 

Camp Near St. John's Castle, 

Thursday, ist. June, 1780. 

Parole Chepstow, C. S. Darbey. 

Camp Near St. John's Castle, 

Friday, 2d. June, 1780. 

Parole Detroit, C. S. Oswego. 

The Troops to draw two days' provisions this Even- 
ing or early to-Morrow Morning ; they will then be 



ICX) BRIG.-GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, I780. 

served for the 4th. Inst. All Men off duty to Parade 
to-Morrow Morning at Reveille beating for fatigue ; 
they will parade on the General Parade, and will be 
under the direction of an Officer ; the party to parade 
without Arms. 

Camp Near St. John's Castle, 

Saturday, 3d. June, 1780. 

Parole Aberdeen, C. S. Bedford. 

The Loyal Irish Corps to take the Castle Guard till 
further Orders ; they will relieve the Guard now on 
to-Morrow Morning at Guard Mounting. 

Camp Near St. John's Castle, 

Sunday, 4th. June, 1780. 

Parole The King, C. S. Wales. 

The Troops to receive provisions this Evening and 
early to-Morrow Morning for two days, Viz., the 5th. 
and 6th. 

Camp Near St. John's Castle, 

Monday, 5th. June, 1780. 

Parole Britain, C. S. Ireland. 

A Court Martial of the line, consisting of one Cap- 
tain and four Subalterns, to sit to-Morrow Morning 
at 9 o'clock to try such prisoners as shall be brought 
before them. A Return to be given in to-Morrow 
at orderly time of the Number of Ball Cartridges 
wanting to complete the Battalion of Regulars and 
Jamaica Volunteers (fit for duty) to 30 Rounds per 
Man, and the Legion to loi Rounds per Man. The 
Above Return to be sent to the Acting Adjutant- 
General. A Return to be given in as soon as possible 
of the Number of Coopers in each Corps. 

Camp Near St. John's Castle, 

Tuesday, 6th. June, 1780. 

Parole Germain, C. S. Leith. 

The scarcity of provisions at this place renders it 



BRIG.-GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, 1 780. lOI 

necessary that two-thirds allowance only of Beef, 
Pork and flour be issued to the Troops till further 
Orders. The Deficiency and any other Rations which 
the Officers, Soldiers, &c., may not choose to receive 
will in future be paid for by the Commissary to the 
Quarter Master of each Corps, Monthly, in the fol- 
lowing proportions : 

For every Ration of Beef or Pork, Jamaica Cur- 
rency, 6 ; Ration of Flour, 6 ; Ration of Rum, 2. 
Total, 14. 

The Commissary to issue provisions to the troops 
this Evening and early to-Morrow Morning for the 
8th. Inclusive. Capt. Lamb of the Indian department 
is appointed Sub-Engineer. 

The Camp Guard to be reduced to one Serjeant, 
one Corporal and 15 privates till further Orders. 

Camp Near St. John's Castle, 

Wednesday, June 7th., 1780. 

Parole Kilkenny, C. S. Cork. 

The Soldiers' Tents to be struck or the sides of 
them taken up that they may be effectually aired 
as often as the Weather will permit ; the trash they 
lay upon to be shifted at feast twice a week and 
fresh got. 

Head Quarters, St. John's Castle, 

Thursday, 8th. June, 1780. 

Parole Westmoreland, C. S. St. Ann's. 

An opportunity will offer soon for Jamaica, all letters 
to be sent to the General's Quarters by to-Morrow • 
Evening. 

Head Quarters, St. John's Castle, 

Friday, 9th. June, 1780. 

Parole Granada, C. S. Leon. 

The Loyal Irish Corps, Jamaica Volunteers and 
Jamaica Legion are formed into a Corps to be Com- 
manded by Col. Dalrymple. The Detachment of the 



I02 BRIG.-GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, 1 780. 

60th. and 79th. to form a Battalion to be Commanded 
by Capt. Poison. 

A Return of Carpenters in the different Corps to be 
given to the Adjutant-General at 6 o'CIock this Even- 
ing, specifying such as are fit for duty and such as are 
not 

Head Quarters, St. John's Castle, 

Saturday, June loth., 1780. 

Parole Brompton, C. S, Banger. 

The Commissary to issue provisions to the troops 
this Evening and early to-Morrow Morning for the 
nth. and 12th. Instants. 

Head Quarters, St. Jqhn's Castle, 

Sunday, nth, June, 1780. 

Parole Albany, C. S. Hudson. 

Head Quarters, St. John's Castle, 

Monday, 12th. June, 1780. 

Parole Plymouth, C. S. Exeter. 

The General expects the different Corps will in 
future be more attentive in giving in All States and 
Returns called for at the time pointed out to them in 
the orders. The Commissary to issue provisions to the 
troops this Evening and early to-Morrow Morning for 
the 13th. and 14th. Instants, 

Head Quarters, St. John's Castle, 

Tuesday, 13th. June, 1780. 

Parole Rodney, C. S. Gibraltar. 

Head Quarters, St. John's Castle, 

Friday, 14th. June, 1780. 

Parole Pensacola, C. S. Mobile. 

The Troops to hold themselves in readiness to pro- 
ceed up the River at a Moment's warning. Returns of 



BRIG.-GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, 1 780. IO3 

the Numbers fit for duty of each Corps (Officers and 
Soldiers) to be given to the Adjutant-General to-Mor- 
row Morning at 9 o'CIock. The Commanding Officers 
of Corps to be particularly careful that their Men are 
provided with as much Ammunition as their Pouches 
and Cartridge Boxes will hold. 

A Return of the Tent Clothes of each Corps to be 
given into the Quarter Master General, accounting for 
the deficiencies if there are any. 

It is requested that all Officers who are in possession 
of the Boxes which were taken out of the Castle will 
be particularly careful of them that they may be re- 
turned. The Troops to receive this Evening and 
early to-Morrow Morning for the i5th. and i6th. 
Instants. 

Head Quarters, St. John's Castle, 

Thursday, 15th. June, 1780. 

Parole Campbell, C. S. Savannah. 

On the arrival of any boat or boats the Senior Offi- 
cer is immediately to wait on the General to report his 
Arrival, as well as any other boats that may have come 
up with him. In case there should not be a Commis- 
sioned Officer, the Non-Commissioned Officer or the 
Person Commanding the Boat at the time of its arrival 
is to follow the above directions. It is expected a 
grreater attention is paid to this order and all others 
than what has been done hitherto, and that all Persons 
are more punctual on their Reports to the General. 

Head Quarters, St. John's Castle, 

Friday, June i6th., 1780. 

Parole Prague, C. S. Spa. 

The Troops to receive provisions this Evening and 
early to-Morrow Morning for the 17th. and i8th. 
Instants. 

Head Quarters, St. John's Castle, 

Saturday, 17th. June, 1780. 

Parole Prussia, C. S; Berlin. 



I04 BRIG. -GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE'S ORDERS, I780. 

Head Quarters, St. John's Castle, 

Sunday, i8th. June, 1780. 

Parole Severn, C, S. Wye. 

The Troops to receive this Evening and early to- 
Morrow Morning provisions for the 19th. and 20th. 
Instants. 

A Return of Tent Cloths of each Corps to be given 
into the Quarter Master General, immediately account- 
ing for deficiencies if there are any. 

Head Quarters, St. John's Castle, 

Monday, 19th. June, 1780. 

Parole* Flamborough, C. S. Epsom, 

Head Quarters, St. John's Castle, 

Tuesday, 20th. June, 1780. 

Parole Lancaster, C. S. Oxford. 

All Persons Commanding Boats that shall in future 
come up the River are immediately to Report the 
same to the Quarter Master General, and acquaint 
him what they brought up. 

No boat whatever to be taken by any person of the 
different Corps, without a pass in writing from the 
Commanding Officer of such Corps. 

The Troops to receive provisions this Evening and 
early to-Morrow Morning for the 21st. and 22d. 
Instants. 

Head Quarters, St. John s Castle, 

Wednesday, 21st. June, 1780. 

Parole Cambridge, C. S. Wilton. 

Mr. Gerald Fitzgibbon is appointed an Assistant to 
the director of Crafts. 

Head Quarters, St. John's Castle, 

Thursday, 22d. June, 1780. 

Parole Richmond, C. S. Eaton. 
Such of the Legion as are to go in the Flat boat 



BRIG.-GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, 1 780 IO5 

are not to be put on duty till further orders. All the 
Spades, Shovels, Pick axes, Falling axes, and other 
intrenching Tools in possession of Officer or Soldier, 
to be sent immediately to the Carpenter's Shop ; Offi- 
cers Commanding Corps to be answerable this order is 
complied with. The Troops to receive provisions this 
Evening and early to-Morrow Morning for the 23d. 
and 24th. Instants. 

Head Quarters, St. John's Castle, 

I;riday, 23d. June, 1780. 

Parole Denbigh, C. S. Derby. 

The Troops ordered to hold themselves in readi- 
ness to proceed up the River are to Parade to-Mor- 
row Morning at 7 o'Clock near Col. Dalrymple's 
Tent. 

All Officers who are capable of duty will parade 
with the Men of their respective Corps. 

Head Quarters, St. John's Castle, 

Saturday, 24th. June, 1780. 

Parole Chepstow, C. S. Sidney. 

The Commanding Officers of Corps to have a Re- 
turn made out (and sent to Mr. Tripple, Conductor of 
Artillery) of the Number of Flints each Man Ordered 
for Service wants to complete him to three good ones. 
The Detachments of the 60th., 79th., and Loyal Irish 
Corps, to give in immediately a Return to the Acting 
Adjutant-General of the Number of their spare Arms 
fit for Service. 

The Troops to receive provisions this Evening and 
early to-Morrow Morning for the 25th. and 26th. 
I nstants. 

After Orders. 

Capt. Thompson and as many of the Legion as can 
be Mustered to go on board the Flat boat to-morrow 
morning at six o Clock, to remain there to do duty. 



I06 BRIG. -GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, I780. 

Head Quarters, St. John's Castle, 

Sunday, 25th. June, 1780. 

Parole Sandwich, C. S. Howe. 

Head Quarters, St John's Castle, 

Monday, 26th. June, 1780. 

Parole Brighthelmstone, C. S. Lewes. 

The Troops to receive provisions this Evening and 
early to-Morrow Morning for the 27th. and 28th. 
Instants. 

Head Quarters, St John's Castle, 

Tuesday, 27th. June, 1780. 

Parole Cumberland, C. S. Halifax. 

Brig. -Gen. Kemble is pleased to make the following 
appointments till the Commander in Chiefs pleasure is 
known : 

Jamaica Volunteers. — Lieut, and Adjutant John Pellet 
to be Captain vice Bertreand deceased 17th. May, 1780 ; 
Ensign Simon Booth to be Lieutenant vice Pellet 17th. 
May, 1780 ; John Faraquahr, Gentleman, to be Ensign 
vice Booth preferred 17th. May, 1780 ; Mr. Bryan Mighan 
to be Adjutant vice Pellet 26th. June, 1780 ; Mr. Wm. 
McDonald to be Quarter Master 26th. June, 1780. 

After Orders. 

A Man from each Corps that understands splitting 
and Cutting of Wood to be sent down to the Castle to 
be set at Work immediately. All falling axes and other 
Tools that are in possession of the Officers of the 
different Corps, to be sent to the Carpenter's shop im- 
mediately. 

Head Quarters, St John's Castle, 

Wednesday, 28th. June, 1 780. 

Parole Bagshot, C. S. Hounslow. 

The Troops to receive provisions this Evening and 
early to-Morrow Morning for the 29th. and 30th. In- 
stants. 



BRIG.-GEN. STEPHEN KETMBLE's ORDERS, 1 780. IO7 

Head Quarters, St. John's Castle, 

Thursday, 29th. June, 1780. 

Parole Chelmsford, C. S. Witham. 

The Burial place having become offensive by a shame- 
ful neglect in interring the Dead, The Brigadier is pleased 
to Order that every Corps bury their own, and that a 
Non-Commissioned is always to attend to see the grave 
is dug deep, and at a proper distance from the Waterfall, 
one Hundred from the Magazine, and close to the foot 
of the Hill. 

A Return of the F*ire Buckets in possession of the 
diflferent Corps to be given in to the Adjutant-General to- 
Morrow Morning at 9 o'Clock. Officers Commanding 
Corps are requested to give the strictest directions that 
they are taken all possible care of. 

Head Quarters, St. John's Castle, 

Friday, June 30th., 178a 

Parole Brunswick, C. S. Hesse. 

Distribution of Craft to the different Corps : 

60th. Regiment. — No. i, English ; No. 4, Spanish. 

79th. Regiment. — No. 2, No. 6, English. 

Loyal Irish Corps. — No. i, Royal George ; No. 7, 
English ; No. 8, ; No. i, Spanish. 

Jamaica Volunteers. — No. 4, No. 9, English. 

Legion. — No. 3, English. 

Carpenters, No. 2 ; Commissaries, No. 3 ; Hospital, 
No. 5, — Spanish. 

The Troops to receive provisions this Evening and 

•ly to-Morrow Morning for the ist. and 2d. July. 



Head Quarters, St. John's Castle, 

Saturday, ist. July, 1780. 

Parole Cambridge, C. S. Sidney. 

A Working party of one Subaltern and Th'rty Men 
to parade this Evening at 5 o'Clock at the Magazine. 
The Store Keeper of Artillery or his Assistants will 



I08 BRIG.-GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, I780. 

attend to give them directions. The Detachments of 
the 60th. and 79th. to embark to- Morrow Morning at 
7 o'clock, a proportion of provisions, Artillery Stores, 
and Musket Cartridges to be put on board their Boats. 
Officers are requested to carry as little baggage as pos- 
sible with them, and not to overload the Craft on any 
account. 

After Orders. 

Such Convalescents belonging to the different Corps 
as are not moved up the River and are best able to 
Mount Guard must relieve the Detachments of the 
60th. and 79th. Regiments this Evening at Six o'Clock. 

Head Quarters, St. John's Castle, 

Sunday, July 2d., 1780. 

Parole Westminster, C. S. London. 

Should the Weather be fair, every Man off duty of 
the several Corps are to Parade at half past 4 o'Clock this 
Afternoon for Work ; they will receive their Orders 
from Brigade Major Browne. Mr. Fitzgibbons, sub- 
director of Crafts, will make a Report in writing to Mr. 
Jones, store Keeper of Artillery, of such Crafts as are 
Allotted to receive the Artillery, which Mr. Jones will 
be answerable are put on board immediately. 

After Orders. 

All Officers who have any of the Boxes taken out of 
the Castle are to return them to the Conductor (Mr. 
Munro), as they are wanted for the Public Service. The 
Troops to receive provisions this Evening and early to- 
Morrow Morning for the 3d. and 4th. Instants. 

The three Corps under the Command of Col. Dal- 
rymple to furnish immediately seven Privates, who are 
to parade for Guard. The above Men are not to be 
taken from those going up the River, but convalescents 
not able to proceed. The Detachments from the 60th. 
and 79th. Ordered to embark to-Morrow Morning at 
seven o'Clock. 



BRIG.-GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, I780. IO9 

A working party, consisting of twenty Men to be 
under the Command of Capt Lamb, Sub-Engineer, to 
Parade to- Morrow Morning at Reveille beating ; The 
Loyal Irish Corps, Jamaica Volunteers, and Jamaica 
Legion to furnish the above party. 

Head Quarters, St. John's Castle, 

Monday, 3d. July, 1780. 

Parole Salisbury, C. S. Wilton. 

Col. Dalrymple's Corps to be in readiness to embark 
to- Morrow Morning at seven o'Clock ; The Troops to 
receive full Allowance of Rum till further Orders. An 
Embarkation Return from each Corps to be given to the 
Adjutant-General immediately. Capt. Lamb and Mr. 
Fitzgibbons to collect all Men who are fit for Service and 
not attached to any Corps, that they may be distributed 
among the Boats. Ensign Caldwell, of the Royal Bat- 
teaux Men, will Join Capt. Lamb and do duty under his 
directions till further Orders. Capt. Lamb will apply to 
the Sub-director of Crafts for a Craft to carry the in- 
trenching Tools belonging to the Engineer depart- 
ment. AH the Men off duty of the different Corps to 
parade this Evening at half past 4 o'Clock for Work. 

Head Quarters, St. John's Castle, 

Tuesday, 4th. July, 1780. 

Parole Garth, C. S. Leith. 

Col. Dalrymple's Corps to Embark to- Morrow Morn- 
ing at Six o'clock, if the weather is fair, with their Camp 
Equipage, &c. The Officers and Men of the different 
departments attending the Troops to embark at the 
same time. Capt. Lamb and Mr. Fitzgibbons will be 
answerable that all the Men capable of Service, not 
belonging to Corps, are Warned and ready to proceed 
with the Troops. 

Officers are requested to take as little baggage with 
them as they conveniently can dispense with. The 



no BRIG. -GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, 1 780. 

Troops to receive this Evening and early to- Morrow 
Morning provisions for the 5th. and 6th. Instants. 

Head Quarters, St John's Castle, 

Wednesday, 5th. July, 1780. 

Parole Buckingham, C. S. Dorset. 

The Troops and Officers of the different departments, 
&c., which were Ordered to embark this Morning will em- 
bark to-Morrow Morning at Six o'Clock. Mr. Hoskin- 
son, Q. M. Serjeant to the Jamaica Volunteers, is ap- 
pointed Deputy Commissary, and to attend the Troops 
going up the River ; he will apply to Mr. Fitzgibbons 
for Craft to carry provisions, Rum, &a 

Head Quarters, St John's Castle, 

Thursday, 6th. July, 1780. 

Parole Jamaica, C. S. Dalling. 

His Excellency the Commander in Chief has been 
pleased to make the Following Promotion till the King's 
Pleasure is known : 

1st. Battalion of the 60th. Regiment. — Mr. John Ver- 
non, Volunteer, to be Ensign vice Jessevick dead. 

The Troops to receive provisions this Evening or 
early to-Morrow Morning for the 7th. and 8th. Instants. 

Head Quarters, St. John's Castle, 

Friday, 7th. July, 1 780. 

Parole Marlborough, C. S. Woodstock. 

His Excellency Gen, Dalling desires his thanks 
may be given to l apt. Poison and the Officers and Men 
who were employed at the Siege of St. John's Castle for 
their perseverance and steady Conduct during a tedious 
Service, by which the Reduction of so important a post 
was accomplished. 

His Excellency is further pleased to Order that the 
Provincial Troops, when serving in conjunction with 
His Majesty's Regular Troops, shall Rank as youngest of 



BRIG.-GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, I780. Ill 

their respective Ranks according to His Majesty's Reg- 
ulation for Provincial Troops serving in America, &c., &c. 

Kemble's Camp, Sunday, July 9th., 1780. 
Parole Nicaragua, C. S. St. John's. 

Kemble's Camp, Monday, loth. July, 1780. 

Parole Bristol, C. S. Newark. 

When the Troops move they will proceed in the 
following Order : 

I St. Division. — Loyal Irish Corps, Legion, and Ja- 
maica Volunteers under the Command of Col. Dal- 
rymple. 

2d. Division. — Engineers' Boat with Entrenching 
Tools, Artillery and Provision Boats, and all other 
Baggage Boats to follow, under the Command of the 
Chief Engineer, or in his Absence by Capt. Lamb. 

3d. Division. — The Detachments of the 60th. and 
79th. Regiments, under the Command of Capt. Poison. 
A light Craft or Pitpan with a number of spare hands 
to attend this Division in Order to give Assistance to 
any Craft that may fall behind and require their Aid. 
Should any part of the Troops be fired upon by the 
Enemy, the Officer Commanding the Division will 
Order a party to land and Attack them ; but should he 
find the Enemy in too great force, he will retire with 
his Craft and Boats to the opposite side of the River, 
send immediate information to the Brigadier, and wait 
for Orders. 

The Divisions to land and Encamp in the order 
they move, upon all occasions except directed to the 
Contrary, Officers Commanding to be answerable for 
this Order being punctually obeyed. 

As soon as the Troops come to the place of En- 
campment, the Adjutant or an orderly officer from 
each Division is Immediately to repair to Head Quar- 
ters for Orders (at all other times). Orderly hour 
10 o'clock ; and as a neglect in this part of the duty 



ri2 BRIG.-GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, 1 780. 

has been frequently complained of, the Brigadier hopes 
he shall not have occasion to repeat it, or any other 
Order, nor will he suppose Officers capable of so much 
inattention as to neglect their duty in any respect, 
more especially when advancing towards the Enemy, 
as the Slightest omission may be productive of the 
worst consequence. 

Col. Dalrymple and Capt. Poison will Post such 
Guards as they shall judge necessary for the Security 
of their respective Encampments, extending their Sen- 
tries to the Centre in Order to cover the 2d. Division 
of Boats, if necessary. 

The Commissary of Provisions to be assisted with 
good and fresh hands from the following Corps : Ja- 
maica Volunteers, Two ; 60th. Regiment and Loyal 
Irish Corps, One each. 

As soon as the Troops move from their present 
Encampment, No Discharging of Arms, Hunting or 
other firing of Muskets to be permitted on any ac- 
count, and the most perfect Silence to be observed. 
Any man who shall dare disobey this Order may depend 
upon being severely punished. 

The Soldiers* Arms and Ammunition to be Ex- 
amined Immediately and put in the best Order ; such 
as have not their Complement of Ammunition to be 
completed, and a report to be made to the Brigadier 
by Officers Commanding Corps when the whole are 
ready for Service, which must be this Evening. 

Col. Dalrymple will dispose of the Gun Boat as he 
shall see best ; the flat Boat whenever she can take 
her position just in the front of the ist. Division. 

When the Troops land, care should be taken that 
the Boats do not crowd too Close together, but room 
left for any one Boat to push off Singly; much Con- 
fusion will be avoided if this is attended to. 

All the Sick of the Different Corps to be collected 
this afternoon at 5 o'Clock at the Encampment of the 
60th. Regiment, when the Surgeon-General will examine 
them and report their state to the Brigadier. 



BRIG.-GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, I780. II3 

After General Orders. 

The Baggage to be put in the Craft at 5 o'Clock in 
the morning, and the whole to be ready to move off 
at half after. 

Kemble's Camp, Tuesday, nth. July, 1780. 
Parole Pittsburg, C. S. Bedford. 

As the Troops will probably remain in their present 
Encampment till to-Morrow, they will make them- 
selves as comfortable as possible, but be ready to move 
at a moment s warning. The same Guards to Mount 
this Night as last Night. 

A Picket of one Subaltern, one Serjeant, one Cor- 
poral, one Drummer, and 18 Privates to Mount this 
Night, the Subaltern to Visit the Guards and Sentries 
and see that they do their duty properly, and will 
report to the General in the Morning. 

After General Orders. 

It is recommended to the Troops to be as careful as 
possible of their Provisions, as there is very little in 
store, and they may be obliged to live a day longer 
than was proposed on the Allowance they have re- 
ceived, though the General hopes they will not be put 
to this necessity, as he positively can assure them a 
supply arrived a few days ago at the lower Falls, and 
has dispatched a Pitpan for a Load. It is also Recom- 
mended to them to provide Masts, Yards, and Sails 
for each Craft ; the latter, in case of necessity, may be 
made of Blankets, and will save the Men much labour. 

Kemble's Camp, Wednesday, 12th. July, 178a 
Parole Charles Town, C. S. Boston. 
The same Picket to Mount as last Night 

Kemble's Camp, Thursday, 13th. July, 1780. 

Parole Hannau, C. S. Hesse. 

A State of the Officers, Non-Commissioned Offi- 
voL. n— 8 



114 BRIG.-GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, I780. 

cers, and Private Men of the different Corps to be 
given in to-Morrow at 1 2 o'Clock, in which they are to 
include those on board the flat Bottom boat and any 
of the Craft that are already gone up the River. 

Officers are reminded of the necessity for their par- 
ticular Attention to the Men's Ammunition, and to 
see all possible care taken of it. The Guard and 
Picket as Usual. 

After General Orders. 

One day's Provisions to be issued to the Troops 
early to-Morrow Morning for the 14th. Inst, each 
Corps to send their provision Returns this Evening to 
the Quarter Master General. The Troops to receive 
full allowance of Rum, and this order to be acknowl- 
edged by the Officers Commanding Corps by writing 
their names on the back, and to be returned by the 
Legion to the Quarter Master General. 

Kemble's Camp, Friday, 14th. July, 1780. 
Parole Huntington, C. S. Rawdon. 

After General Orders. 

One day's provisions to be issued to-Morrow Morn- 
ing for the 1 5th. Inst., and be returned early in the 
Morning, the Return to be sent to the Quarter Master 
General, and the Officers to be particular as to the 
Numbers. 

Kemble's Camp, Saturday, 15th. July, 1780. 

Parole Kensington, C S. Lambeth. 

The Picket to be reduced to one Serjeant, one Cor- 
poral, and Nine Privates, who are to join the Guard 
when Paraded in the Evening, and to do duty with 
them till Six o'Clock in the Morning, when the Ser- 
jeant of the Picket will parade them, and give them 
directions to put by their Arms, after rubbing them 



BRIG.-GEN, STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, 1 780. Il5 

well, and to wear their side Arms and Accoutrements 
all day, and not stir out of Camp, but be ready to turn 
out and Join the Guard on any Alarm ; an Officer of 
the day to Mount daily, and to Visit the Guard and 
Sentries by Night and Report any extraordinaries in 
the Morning After General Orders. 

Some small shot being sent from the Castle, each 
Corps will pick out the following Number of Men best 
calculated for Hunters, Viz.: 

60th. and 79th. Regiments, 4 Men ; Loyal Irish 
Corps, 6; Jamaica Volunteers, 2; Jamaica Legion, 2. 
Total, 14 Men. 

A boat will be ready for them at the General's Tent 
at 6 o'clock to-Morrow Morning, where the Xvrhole is 
to parade. 

A Boat with provisions having evidently gone down 
the Falls at the Castle has reduced the Necessity of sub- 
sisting on Callavances instead of Flour for a day or two 
till provisions come up, which the General again assures 
the Troops, in the most positive manner, is arrived at the 
Falls below the Castle, and may be hourly expected. 

A day's provisions to be issued to-Morrow Morning 
as early as possible, returns to be sent accordingly to the 
Quarter Master General, at 6 o'Clock this Evening. 

If the Weather is tolerably fair, the encampment will 
be exchanged to-Morrow, the Baggage to be put in the 
boats accordingly, and the whole to move at 8 o'Clock 
in the Morning. 

Kemble's Camp, Sunday, i6th. July, 1780. 

When the Craft move, they are to keep the position 
Ordered the loth. inst. 

The Corps that furnished Men for the Store Keeper 
of Artillery and Hospital Boats, to send the Men to 
them, so as to prepare them to move off with the Rest. 

The Commissary of provisions also to be furnished 
with Men, ordered for his Craft by the Order of the loth. 
inst. No Officer is to send a Soldier or Soldiers a 
hunting without permission from the General ; and then 



Il6 BRIG. -GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, I780. 

they must provide a Guide or Woodsman, to prevent 
their losing themselves in the Woods. 

Polson'sCamp, Sunday, 1 6th. July, 1780. 
Parole Gloucestershire, C. S. Monmouth. 

The First Division to furnish A Guard of one Serjeant, 
two Corporals, and 1 2 Privates, and to Mount on the left 
of the first Division, and their Sentries to Extend from 
the Right of the 2d. Division, to the General's Tent. 
The Third Division to Mount a Corporal and Six Pri- 
vates, and to have Sentries from their own Right to their 
Left. 

Officer for the day, Ensign Turner, of the Jamaica 
Volunteers. 

One day's Provisions to be issued to the Troops 
early to-Morrow Morning, the Returns to be sent this 
Evening to the Quarter Master General. 

A Working party of one Serjeant, one Corporal, and 
15 Privates, to parade to-Morrow Morning in the Rear 
of the General's Tent, at Six o'Clock, with Hatchets, 
and to cut a Communication from the right of the first 
Division to the left of the 3d. Division. The Subaltern 
of the day will give them Directions. 

The ist. Division to furnish one Serjeant and 12 
Privates; the 3d. Division to furnish one Corporal and 
3 Privates. 

Poison's Camp, Monday, 17th. July, 1780. 

Parole Norwich, C. S. Derby. 

The First Division to send an Orderly Man to the 
General's this afternoon at Guard Mounting. The First 
Division to furnish the Officer for the day. 

After General Orders. 

The Troops to receive early to-Morrow Morning one 
day's provision as follows, viz. : J lb. Pork, 6 ozs. Flour, 
one Pint of Corn per Man. 



BRIG.-GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, 1 780. II7 

Poison's Camp, Tuesday, i8th. July, 1780. 
Parole Parker, C. S. Notham. 

In case of an Alarm in Camp the Troops to form on 
their own Ground, fronting to the Woods, and wait for 
Orders. 

All Men that go Hunting to discharge their Pieces 
before they Return, and no firing to be permitted in or 
near the Encampment on any pretence whatever. 

After Orders. 

The Troops to receive one day's Provisions and Rum 
to- Morrow Morning in the same proportion as Ordered 
for this day, the Returns to be made to Commissary, 
and any alterations to be particularly marked on the 
back of the Return. 

Poison's Camp, Wednesday, July 19th., 1780. 
Parole Ireland, C. S. Dublin. 

Brig.-Gen. Kemble is pleased to make the following 
Promotion till the Commander in Chief's pleasure is 
known : 

Jamaica Legion. — Ensign Colburn to be Lieutenant 
vice Fanning deceased. 

The First Division to furnish the Officer for the day. 
Where Officers are so much indisposed as not to be 
able to see whether their Men's Muskets are well cov- 
ered, it is expected that they do make particular inquiry 
of their Non-Commissioned Officers, and to Order it to 
be done immediately if neglected. Mr. Rust, Mr. Mc- 
Intire, and* Mr. Alexander are appointed Surgeons' 
Mates, in the General Hospital ; the dates of their Com- 
missions will be ascertained hereafter. 

After Orders. 

The Troops to receive one day's Provisions to- Mor- 
row Morning at the following Rates, viz. : 2 ozs. of 
Pork, 9 ozs. of Flour, i Pint of Corn, per Man. 



Il8 BRIG. -GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, 1780. 

Returns to be made for the Commissary as directed 
for this day. The General has the strongest reason to 
expect a supply of provisions will arrive before to-Mor- 
row Evening, but he recommends to those who can save 
Pork out of the usual allowance issued to do it, as there 
is some Corn and Flour remaining, but little Pork. 

Poison's Camp, Thursday, July 20th., 1780. 

Parole Windsor, C. S. Eaton. 

The half Monthly Returns directed to be made to the 
Adjutant-General, in the Orders of the 29th. May, to 
be sent to the Brigadier punctually, for the future, in 
the absence of the Adjutant-General and Major of 
Brigade. 

After Orders. 

The Troops to receive two days' provisions to-Morrow 
Morning, at the following Rates, viz. : 6 ounces of Pork, 
7 ounces of Flour, J pint of Corn, per Man. 

Poison's Camp, Friday, 21st. July, 1780. 
Parole Glasgow, C. S. Aberdeen. 

Poison's Camp, Saturday, 22d. July, 1780. 
Parole Highmeadow, C. S. Firle. 

After General Orders. 

A Return to be given in by each Corps at 2 o'Clock 
of the number of Officers, Non-Commissioned Officers, 
and Private Men Actually fit for real Service. The Sick 
of the different Corps to hold themselves in readiness 
to go down the River this afternoon. 

After Orders, 3 o'Clock. 

The Sick Officers and Men going down to the Castle 
to receive one day's provisions for the 23d. Inst, this 
night. The Commissary has a Return of the Numbers! 



BRIG.-GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, I 780. I I9 

the Surgeon-General has Returned to go down from 
each Corps, 

After General Orders, 5 o'Clock. 

The Sick Officers and Soldiers marked by the Sur- 
geon-General to go down to the Castle to be ready to 
embark to-Morrow Morning at 6 o'Clock. The boats 
will be at the Commissary of Provisions Craft, a non- 
commissioned Officer of each Corps to Attend and see 
the Soldiers Embark. Mr. Fitzgibbon to attend and 
see each Craft are ready. The different Corps to have 
a Review of Arms, Accoutrements, and Ammunition 
to-Morrow Morning at lo o'Clock, or any Hour after 
that the Weather will Permit. 

The Troops remaining in Camp to receive to-Morrow 
Morning one day's Provisions for the 23d. Inst. Gen. 
Kemble has been pleased to appoint Ensign Henry 
Caldwell, of The Royal Batteaux Volunteers, to be 
assistant to the Director of Crafts, and is to be obeyed 
as such. 

Poison's Camp, Sunday, 23d. July, 1780. 
Parole Portsmouth, C. S. Gosport. 

Complaints having been made that Soldiers take the 
thwarts out of the Craft, by which means many of them 
are lost, it is the General's positive Orders that it is not 
done in future. 

The Troops to receive two days' provisions at 3 
o'clock this afternoon ; the Craft to be loaded at half 
past Five to-Morrow Morning, and the whole to be 
ready to move off at Six in the same Order as directed 
the loth. Inst. 

The sending away the sick may make some altera- 
tion in Manning the Craft. 

The Officers Commanding Corps will take care that 
the necessary distribution of their men is made this day, 
that there may be no confusion when they move from 
thence. 



I20 BRIG. -GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, I780. 

The 1st. Division to send the General an Orderly 
Man this Evening at Guard Mounting. 

After General Orders. 

The Loyal Irish Corps to furnish two good Rowers 
for the Powder Boat, besides the two which they have 
in her now. 

The Corps Ordered to Man the Provision Craft the 
loth Inst, to take care that they provide the same num- 
ber of good Men for her this Evening. 

Balling's Point, Monday, 24th. July, 1780. 
Parole Spa, C. S. Bath. 

The Troops to receive two days' provisions imme- 
diately, which they are to Cook this Evening. No Fires 
to be made, after to-Morrow Morning, should we leave 
this Ground, except after Dark, and to be put out at Ten 
o'clock at night. The Officer of the day to go round the 
Encampment at half-past Ten, see the Fires Extinguished 
and make his Report to the Brigadier when he had gone 
his Round. 

The Camp Guard to be Immediately formed and to 
be posted at the Head or Front of the Division as here- 
tofore. 

The orders of the loth. inst., relating to the Firing of 
Muskets or other Arms, to be read to the Soldiers, and 
all others to be acquainted with it, that they may not 
pretend ignorance. 

The Gun Boat to be laid in such a position as to b 
shoved off immediately if occasion should require. Her 
Ammunition and other apparatus to be prepared and 
everything to be ready for Service. 

The Troops to be ready to turn at a moment's warn- 
ing ; the boat to be loaded and ready to push off at 
half-past five to-Morrow Morning. 

Such Men as are unfit for immediate Service to As- 
semble this Afternoon at five o'Clock, at the Commis- 
sary's boat, when they will be inspected by the Surgeon 



BRIG.-GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, I780. 121 

General. A Non-Commissioned Officer of each Corps 
to attend. 

DalUngs Point, Tuesday, 25th. July, 1780. 

The Troops will Embark at half after seven o*Clock, at 
which time the long Roll will beat ; they are to row in 
the same manner as formerly Ordered, except the Gun 
Boat ; directions will be given what station she is to take. 
Capt Poison will be at the front when they come to 
move off, to give further Orders if necessary. 

Head Quarters, St. John s Castle, 

Wednesday, 26th. July, 1780. 

Parole Dartmouth, C. S. North. 

Morning General Orders. 

The State of each Corps, signed by the Commanding 
Officer, to be sent to Capt. Sheldon at 10 o'CIock this 
forenoon, Non-Commissioned and Private Men as may 
be Ordered down the River this forenoon. The Troops 
that were in Garrison and Hospital to receive Provi- 
sions immediately for the 27th. Inst., which will put 
them on a footing with the Troops that came down the 
River Yesterday. 

General Order. 

The General has observed with great satisfaction the 
Spirit and Emulation which the Soldiers have shown on 
the late Embarkation, and he promises himself every 
possible success from their services, convinced that 
Troops who have manifested the noblest sentiments will 
go through every fatigue and danger with equal Mag- 
nanimity. A prompt obedience to the commands of 
their Officers and attention to their duty are essentially 
necessary to secure success, and it is by the superiority 
of their discipline we are to reap the greatest advan- 
tages. Impressed with this Idea, he flatters himself each 
Soldier will strive to distinguish himself, and show how 



122 BRIG. -GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, I780. 

superior disciplined and well-bred Troops are to a motley 
Crew of Indians and Mulattoes. 

A Return of such Sick of the different Corps as do 
not embark this Evening, to be sent to Capt. Sheldon 
to-Morrow Morning at 8 o'Clock. 

Serjeant Hodskinson, of the Jamaica Volunteers, is 
appointed to Act as Commissary in the room of Mr. 
Calderhead, who has obtained leave to go down the 
River for the recovery of his health. 

Head Quarters, St. John s Castle, 

Thursday, the 27th. July, 1780. 

Parole Southampton, C. S. Essex. 

The Troops to receive two days' Provisions to- 
Morrow Morning early, at the following rates. Viz.: 6 
Oz. Pork, 6 Oz. Flour, and ^ Pint of Corn. 

Lieut, and Adjutant Campbell, of the King's Royal 
Batteaux Volunteers, is appointed deputy Muster Mas- 
ter for the Troops on the Spanish Main. 

Head Quarters, St. John's Castle, 

Wednesday, July 28th., 1780. 

Parole Middlesex, C. S. Kent. 

The Detachments of the 60th., 79th., L, I. Corps, 
Jamaica Volunteers, and Legion to parade this after- 
noon, at half past 4 o'Clock, in front of the Hospital ; 
The Officers to Attend, and to have particular Returns 
made out accounting for their absentees. 

Head Quarters, St. John's Castle, 29th. July, 1780. 

Parole Salisbury, C. S. Wilton. 

Officers are forbid on any pretence to take the Craft, 
Pitpans, or Dories from the Water Side, or to send 
Soldiers into the wood above a Mile, without permis- 
sion from the officer Commanding, who will, upon 
proper application, indulge them as far as is consistent 
with the good of the Service. The Troops to receive 



BRIG. -GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, 1 780. I23 

two days' provisions to-Morrow Morning early. Corn 
-will be issued in the room of Flour, and the General 
flatters himself the Soldiers who showed so noble an 
Hmulation and spirit during the time of distress for 
provisions up the River will not repine now at living 
a few days* upon food they have not been accustomed 
to ; he has not a doubt but provisions is arrived at the 
Falls, and a Pitpan is dispatched to bring it up ; he has 
also sent for Plantains to contribute to their present 
relief. 

Head Quarters, St. John's Castle, 

Sunday, 30th. July, 1780. 

Parole Blenheim, C. S. Woodstock. 

Lieut. -Col. Sir Alexander Leith is appointed to 
the Command of the Garrison of St. John's Castle, 
and is to be Obeyed accordingly. Capt. Collins is 
appointed to take the Command of the Armed Vessel, 
Lord Germain, till further Orders. The Officers who 
are not to remain as part of the Garrison, and are to 
go down the River, as well as the remainder of the 
sick, will Embark at 3 o'Clock this afternoon at the 
old Fort, where a Craft is ready to receive them. 

Head Quarters, St. John's Castle, 

Monday, 31st. July, 1780. 

Parole Discipline, C. S. Obedience. 

Complaint having been made that some Surgeons' 
Mates are not only negligent in their duty, but disobey 
the Commands of their Superior Officer apparently with 
design and through obstinacy. The General there- 
fore thinks it incumbent on him to apprise these Gen- 
tlemen that a due obedience to the Orders they may 
receive from their superiors in office is equally expected 
from them in any other line of Department; that a 
repetition of such behaviour will be taken the strictest 
notice of and punished in a most exemplary manner. 

Acting Ensign Wardel of the 79th. is appointed 
Adjutant to the Garrison and Castle of St. John's. 



124 BRIG. -GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, 1 780. 

The Troops to receive two days* provisions this 
Evening and to-Morrow Morning. The Commissary 
to issue two good Plantains and three Bananas, and 
a Quart of Corn per Man in lieu of Bread kind. The 
Residue of the Plantains and Bananas to be reported to 
the Commanding Officer, who will dispose of them as 
he shall think proper. 

Head Quarters, St. John's Harbour, 5th. August, 1780. 

Parole Temple. 

Officers Commanding Corps or such as are able to 
attend to their duty wifl immediately get Returns pre- 
pared of their Men, specifying such as are Well, such 
as are in a Convalescent state, and such as are Objects 
for a General Hospital, and give the same to the Act- 
ing Adjutant-General, Capt. Bulkeley, on the 7th., at 
10 in the Morning ; they will likewise specify which 
ships they are on board of, or whether on shore. Such 
Officers as can collect Men willing to make Huts for 
their own Corps are desired to do it, and upon applica- 
tion to Capt. Poison, Quarter Master General, Boats 
will be furnished to land them at the place of encamp- 
ment pointed out, and if any assistance can be given 
them, they may depend upon having it. The utmost 
care and attention to keep the ships clean is abso- 
lutely necessary for the preservation of the Men's 
Health. When Soldiers Land to go to their Huts, 
care should be taken that they bring their Arms and 
Accoutrements, Camp Utensils, &c., with them. 

Head Quarters, St. John's Harbour, 6th. August, 1780. 

Parole Chichester. 

Head Quarters, St. John's Harbour, 7th. August, 1780. 

Parole Grey. 

Head Quarters, St. John's Harbour, 8th. August, 1780. 

Parole Cornwallis. 



BRIG. -GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, 1 780. 125 

Head Quarters, St. John's Harbour, 9th. August, 1780. 

Parole Grantham. 

All Officers of the different Corps, whose Health 
ivill permit, will attend the Brigadier to-Morrow Morn- 
ing at 1 1 o'clock, at His Quarters on shore ; a boat 
ivill be sent for them at half past Ten. 

Head Quarters, St John's Harbour, August nth., 1 780. 

Parole Swanzey. 

A Return of the Negroes who are Soldiers, and 
upon the strength of the different Corps, to be given 
to the Acting Adjutant-General to-Morrow Morning at 
9 o'clock. Such as are absent to be mentioned where, 
and those present to be particularly mentioned. All 
Negroes (Attending Officers) belonging to the Black 
River Company, or otherwise employed, to be re- 
ported at the same time. 

Head Quarters, St. John's Harbour, 

Saturday, August 12th., 1780. 

Parole Monmouth. 

Capt. Patterson is appointed Chief Director of 
Crafts, till the Commander in Chief's pleasure is known. 
Commission dated 23d. June, 1780. 

Head Quarters, St. John's Harbour, 

Sunday, 13th. August, 1780. 

Parole Sherriffe. 

Head Quarters, St. John's Harbour, 

Monday, 14th. August, 1780. 

Parole Hampton. 

AH requisitions for Men made by Capt. Patterson, 
Chief Director of Crafts, to the Jamaica Legion and 
l^oyal Battalion Volunteers, to be immediately com- 



126 BRIG.-GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, I7S0. 

plied with. Capt. Despard, of the 79th. Regiment, to 
take the Command of the Troops at the Point, and 
will give such orders as he may think necessary for 
their Regulations, &c.. &c. A General Return from 
each Corps, accounting for all Absentees, to be given 
into the Acting Adjutant-General th^ i6th. at 10 
o'clock in the Morning ; those Absent on Command 
to be particularly specified by a B at the bottom of the 
Return mentioning where they are. 

Head Quarters, St. John s Harbour, 

Tuesday, 15th. August, 1780. 

Parole Gosport. 

The Troops in this Harbour not having been sup- 
plied with fresh Provisions in such quantities as might 
have been expected, from the generous advance put 
upon the prices to be paid for Poultry and Stock of 
all kinds by a board of Officers, in consequence of an 
Order from Col. Dalrymple in May last, Brig.-Gen. 
Kemble therefore thinks proper to Annul the Regu- 
lations established by the said board of Officers, and 
to Order a free and open Traffic be Allowed all adven- 
tures, and others that may arrive in the Harbour with 
fresh Stock, &c., &c., for the use of the Troops, Void 
of all restrictions whatever but that of Reporting their 
Arrival and the quantity and quality of their Cargoes 
to the Quarter Master General, who will give them 
permission for selling the same ; and as all followers of 
the Army may not be acquainted that they are subject 
to Military Law, Notice is hereby given that they are 
entitled to land and dispose of their effects with the 
Sanction of the Commanding Officer only, and that 
they are subject to severe penalties for a disobedience 
of this or any other Order. The Commanding Offi- 
cer of Corps or Detachments that are in want of neces- 
saries for their Men may be supplied at the following 
rates on Board the Ship Hope, by Mr. Johnston, on 
Saturday, the i8th. Instant, Viz, : . 



BRIG. -GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, 1 780. 12/ 

?6 Wide Sheets (White), iSs.6d.] Yard Wide Sheets 
(White), 16^.; Check Shirts, 11^. 9^.; Stockings, 8^. 
3^. ; Shoes, i^y. gd. 

The General desires the Commanding Officers of 
Corps will provide their Men properly with Necessa- 
ries to enable them to do their duty, but particularly 
-with Shoes and Stockings. 

Head Quarters, St. John's Harbour, 

Wednesday, i6th. August, 178c. 

Parole Cornwallis. 

The Commanding officers of Corps and Detachments 
to have their Arms and Accoutrements collected im- 
mediately, and a Return of them to be given into the 
Acting Adjutant-General, on Friday, 25th. Inst. 

A Weekly Guard from the different Corps to Mount 
to- Morrow Morning at 8 o'Clock at Head Quarters. 
They will bring their Provisions with them. 

Detail 60th. Regiment, i Serjeant, 4 Privates ; 79th. 
Regiment, i Corporal, 4 Privates ; L. I. C, i Corporal, 
4 Privates. Total, i Serjeant, 2 Corporals, 1 2 Privates. 

Head Quarters, St. John's Harbour, 

Thursday, 17th. August, i78o.rH 

Parole Warwick. 

Kach Corps to send all their Convalescents with a 
Non-Commissioned Officer, to-Morrow Morning at day- 
break, to gather thatch and other Materials for building 
their Huts, the boats appointed to the different Corps to 
be used for that Purpose. 

Head Quarters, St. John's Harbour, 

Friday, i8th. August, 1780. 

Parole Tweed. 

A Survey of provisions to be held to-Morrow Morn 
ing" at 7 o'clock on board the sloop Success ; Capt. Parke 
of the Royal Batteaux Volunteers, Mr. Johnston in the 
Commissary's department, and the Master of the Julia for 



128 BRIG. -GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, I780. 

this duty. Capt. Parke will make a Report to the 
Brigadier of the same. 

Head Quarters, St. John's Harbour, 

Saturday, 19th. August, 1780. 

Parole Dartmouth. 

Head Quarters, St. John's Harbour, 

Sunday, 20th. August, 1780. 

Parole Aberdeen. 

Mr. Saunderson is appointed Apothecary to the 
General Hospital. His appointment to take place from 
the loth. June, 1780. 

Head Quarters, St. John's Harbour, 

Monday, 21st. August, 1780. 

Parole Farnham. 

Tuesdays and Fridays being the days appointed for 
the Troops to receive their provisions, the General 
desires that the different Corps are very particular in 
attending to the drawing days, as provisions in future 
will not be issued but on the days mentioned. An 
Officer or a careful Non-Commissioned Officer to attend 
to receive it, with a Return signed by the Commanding 
Officer. The 60th. Regiment and Jamaica Volunteers to 
give in a Return immediately to the Acting Adjutant- 
General of the Number of Men fit to Embark. 

Officers are requested to be careful in writing on 
Public matters, as some of their letters have been very 
exceptionable, and have given uneasiness to Private 
People ; they may not be aware that they are injur- 
ing themselyes in so doing, by preventing Levies of 
Irregulars, who are the People to take every load and 
Drudgery from the Soldier, and to contribute to their 
ease. The Rum and Salt Ration for the Men in the 
General Hospital to be stopped, as Wine, Sugar, etc., 
will be issued in lieu of it. 



BRIG.-GEN, STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, 1 780. 1 29 

As soon as the Corps have given in their Returns, dis- 
tinguishing the Sick from the Well, the latter will re- 
ceive a proportion of Sugar, Coffee, &c. 

G. O, Head Quarters, St. John's Harbour, 

Tuesday, 2 2d. August, 1780. 

Parole Cumberland. 

All the Carpenters' Tools to be immediately given 
to Mr. Wright, Master Carpenter, or if he is not able 
to receive them, to Mr. Melvill,.who will take charge of 
and be answerable for them. Deficiencies, to be ac- 
counted for, if any delivered out, to whom and for what 
use. 

After Orders. 

One day's Allowance of Turtle will be issued to the 
Troops to-Morrow Morning at 9 o'Clock, near Mr. 
Jones's Hut. Capt. Despard will order half a pound 
per Man to be delivered to Mr. Gallagher for the use 
of the Hospital ; the like quantity to be sent on board 
the Industry and Penelope, for 25 Men on Board the 
former and 21 on board the latter, to be delivered to 
the Surgeons' Mates on board those Vessels. 

Such Officers and Men as are in Health, as well as 
those on this side the Water, will receive at same time 
and place one pound per Man. Capt. Despard will 
Countersign the Returns of the Troops at the Point 
and for those on board the Vessels ; the Quarter- Master 
or Commissary-General, those on this side the Water. 
The Returns to be sent in as early as possible in the 
Morning, and the boats belonging to the Corps, with 
their Quarter- Masters or a careful Serjeant, to attend, 
to receive their proportion of Turtle. The Troops will 
then be victualled for the 25th. Inclusive. 

Head Quarters, St. John's Harbour, 

Wednesday, 23d. August, 1780. 

Parole Wimbledon. 

The Troops to attend to-Morrow Morning, at the 
voun— 9. 



X30 BRIG.-GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, I78O. 

same time and place as to-day, to receive one day's 
Allowance of Turtle. 

Head Quarters, St. John s Harbour, 

Thursday, 24th. August, 1780. 

Parole Westmoreland, 

All the Serviceable cartridges belonging to the Sick 
to be given to such Men as are fk for duty, and a Re- 
turn to be given in immediately to the Acting Adjutant 
General of the quantity wanting to complete each Well 
Man to 45 Rounds. 

After Orders. 

The Troops to receive one day's Allowance of Turtle 
to-Morrow, at the same hour and place as before, and 
four days' Rum and Flour on board the Penelope. 

Returns to be sent in as early as possible. 

Head Quarters, St. John's Harbour, 

Friday, 25th. August, 1780. 

Parole Monmouth. 

Such Officers as are in possession of Tarpawlings (not 
their own property) are desired to send them in im- 
mediately to Capt. Patterson, Chief Director of Crafts, 
as they are much wanted for the Public Service. 

The Troops to receive one day's Allowance of Turtle 
to-Morrow at the usual place. 

Head Quarters, St. John's Harbour, 

Saturday, 26th. August, 1780. 

Parole Lincoln. 

Head Quarters, St. John's Harbour, 

Sunday, 27th. August, 1780. 

Parole Stafford. 

Head Quarters, St. John's Harbour, 

Monday, 28th. August. 1780. 

Parole Harcourt. 
The Troops to receive one day's allowance of Turtle 



BRIG.-GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, 1 780. I3L 

to-morrow morning at the usual hour and place. They 
will also receive on board the Brig Julia: 5 lb. Muscovada 
Sugar, 4 lb. Coffee, i lb. Tobacco, with pipes, per Man. 

When Salt Provisions are not issued, the Troops will 
receive % lb. Beef or Pork in proportion ; Beef to be 
issued one half the Week, and Pork the other. Also, 
I lb. Flour, I Pint Pease, yi Pint of Rum, per Man per 
day ; and i Pint Vinegar per Week. 

All applications that Officers may have to make to the 
General must come from the Commanding Officers of 
the Corps to which they belong ; no attention will be 
paid to Applications through any other Channel. 

Head Quarters, St. John's Harbour, 

Tuesday, 29th. August, 1780. 

Parole London. 

The Officers in the several Departments to give into 
the Acting Adjutant- General, the 8th. next Month, a 
Return of Stores in each Department, distinguishing the 
good from such as may be damaged or spoilt. The. 
Chief Director of Crafts will mention what Craft, Pitpans, 
and Dories are in his Charge and their Condition. 

The Conductor of Artillery will particularize the good 
Ammunition from such as may be entirely spoilt, and 
such as may be recoverable, also the Artillery with their 
Carriages, &c., &c., and the State they are in. 

The Sick on Board the Industry and Penelope to be 
removed on Shore to-morrow ; they will be examined 
by a Surgeon, and such as are very bad to be sent to the 
Point where the Hospital is Established, the remainder 
on the opposite side. 

The Corps will send their own Boats to receive their 
Men at two o'Clock. 

Head Quarters, St John's Harbour, 

Wednesday, 30th. August, 178a 

Parole Kingston. 
The Troops to receive one day s Allowance of Turtle 
to-morrow at the same hour. 



13.^ BRIG.-GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLe's ORDERS, 1 780. 

Head Quarters, St. John's Harbour, 

Thursday, 31st. August, 1780. 

Parole Westminster. 

Andrew Gaynon, Acting Corporal of Loyal Irish 
Corps, tried by Court Martial of the Line for having 
carelessly permitted a Craft to go adrift during his 
Guard, is found Guilty of neglect of duty and Sentenced 
to receive one hundred lashes. 

The General Approves of the Sentence, but, at the 
Recommendation of the Court, is pleased to remit the 
Punishment, and to order the Prisoner to his Corps. 

The Troops will receive one day's Allowance of Turtle 
to-morrow morning at the usual hour and place. 

Head Quarters, St. John s Harbour, 

Friday, ist September, 1780. 

Parole Dartmouth. 

Capt. Davis, of the Volunteers, to Act as Quarter 
Master General during the absence of Quarter Master 
General Poison, and is to be obeyed as such. 

The Sick on Board the Penelope not having been 
removed as directed in the Orders of 29th. August, 
the Brigadier desires it may be done immediately, and 
that the Commanding Officers of such Corps as have 
neglected this duty to report their reasons for same in 
writing. 

A Guard of a Corporal and 3 Men from the Troops 
near Capt. Macdonald's Jamaica Volunteers, with two 
days' Provisions, to be at Head Quarters at 2 o'Clock 
this afternoon. 

Capt. Davis, Jamaica Volunteers, to take the Command 
of the Detachment of 60th. Regiment till further Orders. 

The Troops to receive one day's Allowance of Turtle 
to-morrow morning at the usual place. 

Head Quarters, St. John's Harbour, 

2d. Sept., 1780. 
Parole Harrington. 
The Detachment of 60th. and 79th. Regiments, Loyal 



BRIG.-GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLe's ORDERS, 1780, 1 33 

Irish Corps, and Jamaica Volunteers are formed into 
Battalion, and to be Commanded by Capt. McDonald, 
Jamaica Volunteers, who will order a Return of Am- 
munition wanting to complete the well men to 36 Rounds 
per Man, to be sent to Head Quarters as soon as pos- 
sible. 

Head Quarters, St. John's Harbour, 

3d. Sept., 1780. 
Parole Clinton. 

Mr. Tripple, Conductor of Artillery, to be at Head 
Quarters at 8 o'Clock to-morrow morning, to issue out 
Cartridges, agreeable to a Return of Capt. McDonald's, 
who will send men to receive them. 

Head Quarters, St. John's Harbour, 

4th. Sept., 1780. 
Parole Oxford. 

It Having been represented that some Officers give 
as a reason for their not complying with General Orders 
their not having seen them, the Brigadier Informs all 
such as are so Ignorant of their duty that their very 
Excuse is a neglect of it, that they are reprehensible for 
the same, and is determined to put the first Officer in 
Arrest who is deficient in his duty or Inattentive to 
Orders hereafter. 

A Working party from the Jamaica Legion and 
Royal Batteaux Corps, to Consist of i Corporal and 6 
Men, to attend Mr. Tripple, Conductor of Artillery, at 3 
o'clock this Afternoon, and Continue with him to re- 
move the Artillery Stores to the other side of the river. 
Captain Poison will furnish him with a Canoe for that 
Duty. 

To-morrow, the 5th. Inst., will be issued from on 
board the Brig Penelope, Rations for 3 days, to consist 
of Half Rations of Pork, i lb. Flour, >4 pint Pease, 
I pint Wine per Man per day ; i pint Vinegar per Man 
per week ; and on Friday, 8th., at same place, will be 
Issued for four days, >^ lb. Beef, i lb. Flour, i oz. Ver- 



'134 BRIG. -GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, 1 780. 

micelli per day, i pint Wine per man per day. Rations 
for the Sick in the Hospital to be Issued agreeable to 
the Return of the Surgeon General or Doctor Galla- 
gher. N.B. I oz. Vermicelli, boiled with a small Quan- 
tity of Beef, makes a healthy and Agreeable Soup. 

Head Quarters, St. John's Harbour, 5th. Sept., 1780. 

Parole Cambridge. 

Officers Commanding Corps, who have had Sick men 
on board the Different Transports, are desired to have 
their Arms, Accoutrements, etc., collected as soon as 
possible. 

After Orders. 

The Jamaica Legion and Royal Batteaux Corps, to 
parade to-morrow morning at 8 o'Clock ; Officers to 
Account for those absent .on Duty, and a Return of the 
Sick, Signed by a Surgeon, to be given in at same time. 

Head Quarters, St. John s Harbour, 6th. Sept., 1780. 

Parole Bedford. 

A Packet will sail for Jamaica to-morrow or the day 
after. 

Head Quarters, St. John's Harbor, 7th. Sept., 1 780. 

Parole Arundel. 

A State of each Corps and Detachment to be given 
to Capt. Davis, Acting Quarter- Master General, on the 
1st. and 15th. of every month. Accounting for all Cas- 
ualties that may have happened from one Period to the 
other. The Return of the 15th. Inst, to Account for all 
Casualties since last Return, and the men on Command 
to be Accounted for in the same manner as directed on 
the 1 6th. August last. All Returns for Provisions to 
be signed on the preceding evening to the Issuing day, 



BRIG. -GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, I780. 1 35 

which Will enable the Troops to receive their Provisions 
early in the Morning. 

Head Quarters, St. John's Harbour, 8th. Sept., 1780. 

Parole Harlaem. 

Head Quarters, St. John's Harbour, 9th. Sept , 1780. 

Parole Sheffield. 

All Officers and men off Duty of the Battalion, Com- 
manded by Capt. McDonald (Officers' Servants not 
excepted), to be under Arms near his Quarters at 8 
o'clock on Monday morning next, when the Brigadier 
will Inspect them. 

The Legion and Batteaux Corps to be under Arms 
for same purpose, at 9 o'Clock, at the Point. 

A Return to be prepared by each of these Corps, 
Accounting particularly for every man absent, whether 
on duty, such in Camp or Hospital, &c. A Survey of 
provisions lying near Capt. McDonald's Quarters to 
be held to-morrow morning. For this Duty : Capt. Mc- 
Donald, Adjutant Mighan, Jamaica Volunteers ; Capt. 
Thomson, Legion. 

Head Quarters, St. John's Harbour, loth. Sept., 1780. 

Parole Scarsdale. 

Dr. Saunderson is appointed to Act as Surgeon to 
the General Hospital, and is to be obeyed According. 

Head Quarters, St. John's Harbour, nth. Sept., 1780. 

Parole Birmingham. 

r 

Head Quarters, St. John's Harbour, T2th. Sept., 1780. , 

Parole Dalling. 

Head Quarters, St. John's Harbour, 13th. Sept., 1780. 

Parole Grath. 
Mr. Tripple, Conductor, to give in a Return of all 



Ij6 BKIG.-GEX. STEPHEN KEMBL£*S ORDERS, 1 780. 

the Artincr}% &c, and Stores on both sides of the Har- 
bour at 12 o'clock to-morrow. Capt Patterson will 
furnish him with a Boat for that Duty. 

All the Negroes arrived from Jamaica in the Ship 
Sally. Capt Bell, to be disembarked Immediately ; the 
Acting Quarter Master General will appoint Huts for 
their Reception. 

A part)- to be put under Capt. Patterson s direction 
for the Immediate Collecting the Crafts, &c. 

A Court Martial to sit at Capt. Davis's Tent to-mor- 
row at 9 o'clock, to try all such persons as may be 
brought before them. 

President Capt Davis ; Capt Thomson, Lieut Dow- 
Ud — Members. 

Mr. George Flowers is appointed Master Carpenter in 
the room of James Melvill, and is to be obeyed as such. 

Head Quarters, St John's Harbour, 14th. Sept, 1780. 

Mr. Adams is appointed an Assistant in the Quarter 
Master General s Department, and Capt Bell, of the 
Sally Transport, as an Assistant to the Agent of Trans- 
ports, and are to be obeyed Accordingly. Thomas 
Dunn, Soldier in the Loyal Irish Corps, Tried by a 
Court Martial of the Line for being Drunk and Insolent 
to Ensign Carruthers of Said Corps, is found Guilty of 
the Crime laid to his Charge and sentenced to receive 
Scx^^n hundred and fifty Lashes in the usual manner. 

The Briij^dier approves of the above sentence and 
onlers it to be put in Execution this Afternoon at 5 
oVKx^k at the Huts near Capt McDonald's Hut by the 
IVtunmers of the Line. The Detachments of 60th. and 
*oih. Regiments, Loyal Irish Corps, and Jamaica Vol- 
unteers to attend the punishment 

Head Quarters, St John's Harbour, i5th. Sept, 1780. 

Parole Durham. 
The Detachment of 60th. and 79th. Regiments, Loyal 



BRIG. -GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, I780. 1 37 

I. C, and Jamaica Volunteers to prepare to Embark, 
their spare Arms and Accoutrements to be packed up 
and ready to put on board on the Shortest notice. The 
Orders of the i6th. August directing a Return of Arms 
and Accoutrements to be given into the Acting Adjutant- 
General on the 24th. of the Month, not having been 
complied with except by the Loyal Irish Corps. Of- 
ficers Commanding 60th., 79th., Jamaica Royal Volun- 
teers, Jamaica Legion and Royal Batteaux Volunteers 
to send in returns of the same, Distinguishing the good 
from the bad, to Capt. Davis, on the 1 7th. Inst, at 9 
o'clock in the morning. 



Head Quarters, St. John's Harbour, i6th. Sept., 1780. 

Parole Bluefields. 



Head Quarters, St. John's Harbour, 17th. Sept., 17S0. 

Parole Wilmington. 

The Director of Crafts and their Deputies to send an 
Account from one to the other of the Quantity of provi- 
sions and Stores of the Tarpaulins and Oars, &c., each 
Craft is dispatched with from Port to Port. That the 
same may be delivered or Accounted for, if Missing any 
deficiency is to be Immediately reported to the Com- 
manding Officer^ that further inquiry may be made 
and the offender punished. 

Head Quarters, St. John's Harbour, i8th. Sept., 1780. 

Parole Augusta. 

Dr. Cook of the Jamaica Volunteers is appointed a 
Surgeon's Mate in the General Hospital. 

The Baggage and Detachments of 60th., 79th., Loyal 
Irish Corps, Jamaica Volunteers, Legion, and Royal 
Batteaux Corps to Embark to-morrow morning early 
on Board the Sally Transport. 



•138 BRIG. -GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, 1 780. 

All the men in the General Hospital, and such of the 
Sick on this side as are objects for the General Hospital, 
to be embarked to-morrow morning Early on board the 
Flora Hospital Ship. Mr. Saunderson will attend the 
Embarkation and give all Necessary orders for the 
Accommodation of the sick. The General flatters 
himself the Humanity of the Officers will leave nothing 
unattended that may promise to contribute to the relief 
of the Soldiers under their care. 

The following Officers to proceed to Cook's Post as 
goon as possible, and to do duty there till further 
Orders: Capt. Fly nn, Craft Department ; Ensign Came- 
ron, Royal Batteaux Volunteers ; Ensign M'Knight, 
Legion ; Dr. Cook, Hospital. 

To remain in this Harbour till further Orders : Capt. 
Davis, Acting Quarter Master General, to Command, 
whose orders are to be implicitly obeyed. Capt. Pat- 
terson, Director of Crafts;* Mr. Galbraith, Agent for 
Transports ; Capt. McGuire. Mr. Tripple, Conductor 
of Artillery, and Mr. Flowers with all the Carpenters. 

Head Quarters, on Board Sally Transport, 

Bluefields, 13th. Oct.,. 1780. 

Parole Inverness. 

Officers who may have brought Tents with them 
from St. John's Harbour are to land and Encamp as 
soon as possible. Mr. Adams, Assistant in the Quarter 
Master General's Department, will show them their 
Ground. It having been represented that some Mates * 
of the General Hospital have been negligent in their 
duty, the Brigadier observes that the slightest inatten- 
tion to the relief of the Soldiers at this time is pro- 
ductive of much evil, and Shows a Disposition in those 
Gentlemen that reflects greatly on their Humanity ; 
the impropriety of their Conduct he will not point out, 
though he thinks it proper to inform them that a Due 
obedience to the direction of their Superior in Depart- 
ment is equally incumbent on them as from any other 



BklC-GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, 1780. 1 39 

Class in the Military Line, and he flatters himself he 
shall not have Occasion to take other Steps to enforce 
a due regard to orders. 

Mr. Jamison, Physician to the General Hospital, and 
Mr. Davidson, Apothecary General to the Hospital, 
being Arrived, they are to be observed as such. Re- 
turns of all Hospital stores to be given to Mr. David- 
son by Mr. Saunderson, Acting Surgeon, as soon as 
pK>ssible. All Soldiers and others that may Die on 
board the several Transports are to be buried in a 
small Cove round the point below the Hulk, care to 
be taken that the Grave is at least four feet deep, and 
the Body well covered, as a negligence in this particu- 
lar may be productive of the worst consequence. 

The Negroes employed in constructing Huts are 
not to be taken off that Duty by any person whatso- 
ever, and are only to be under the orders of the 
Deputy Quarter Master General, or such persons as 
he shall appoint to superintend them. 

Bluefields, 14th. Oct., 1780. 

Officers Commanding Corps to be careful that their 
Returns for the 15th. inst. do Correspond with their 
last of the 15th. Sept., the Alterations to be particu- 
larly Accounted for ; the Names of all absent Officers 
to be mentioned at the bottom of the Return, by whose 
leave and for what time; the Number of Serjeants 
and Drummers that may have died to be mentioned 
in a N. B., as well as those absent on Command, &c. 

Head Quarters, on board the Sally Transport, 

Bluefields, 19th. Oct., 1780. 

To-morrow, the 20th. Inst, will be Issued at the 
Commissary's Store Rations for four days to the 
Troops, and other persons on shore who are entitled 
to the Rations, to consist of : Half allowance of Pork, 
I lb. Flour, J4 Pint Pease, 2 Ozs. Butter, ^ pint Rum, 
per Man per day. 



140 BRIG. -GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, I780. 

And on Tuesday, the 24th., will be Issued at said 
place for three days : ^ lb. beef, i lb. flour, i Ozs. Ver- 
micelli, }i pint Rum, per Man per day. 

At same time there will be Given zs Douceur, which 
the Brigadier flatters himself will stimulate every per- 
son, but particularly the Black People, to exert them- 
selves in carrying on the public Service : 3 lb. Musco- 
vado Sugar, 2 lb. Coffee, i lb. Tobacco. 

On no other days than Tuesdays and Fridays 
will provisions be Issued, unless when fresh Beef or 
Turtle can be procured, of which timely notice will be 
given. 

The well people on board Ships are to draw Rations 
as Usual, but are to receive the Douceur. Those on 
the Hospital list to receive under the direction of Dr. 
Davidson, or such Surgeons as he shall appoint. 

The Return for provisions from the Battalion Com- 
manded by Capt. McDonald to be signed by him or 
officer next in Command. The Legion and Batteaux 
Corps to be Included in one Return, which is to be 
signed by Capt. Herbert and Landcake. The Carpen- 
ters to draw Collectively, their Return to be counter- 
signed by Capt. Rochat, Davis, or the Assistant, Mr. 
Adams. The Negroes to be drawn for by themselves 
under the Inspection of Mr. Adams, who is to sign a 
Return for them. N. B. Women to receive J4, and 
Children J^ of a Ration of Provisions, but no Rum. 

A Survey of Provisions to be held to-morrow morn- 
ing at 8 o'clock at the Commissary's Store Houses. 
Capt. Rochat, Deputy Quarter Master General, Pres 
dent; Capt. Herbert, Legion; Lieut. Fahy, 60th.; 
Mr. Galbraith, Deputy Agent Transports ; Capt. Bell, 
Ship Sally — Members. 

The President will report to the Brigadier the state 
of the provisions surveyed from day to day. 

Head Quarters, on board the Sally Transport, 

Bluefields, 26th. Oct., 1780. 

The Troops Encamped on the Bluff to Parade 



BRIG. -GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, 1 780. I4I 

every morning at 8 o'Clock, and at Sunset in the 
evening, to be inspected. 

Capt. McDonald, Jamaica Volunteers, will order an 
Officer of the day to be appointed, who will Visit the 
Guard at the Store House, see that the Soldiers are 
Alert and Attentive to their Duty. He is to be pres- 
ent at morning and Evening Roll Calling, to observe 
whether the men are Clean Dressed, their Arms, 
Accoutrements, and Ammunition in good order, and 
report to him all deficiencies. A Non-Commissioned 
Officer of each Corps to be present on the Parade, 
and is to be answerable for his men being properly 
dressed, &c. 

The Soldiers* Dinners to be prepared and brought 
to their Tents, or Huts, precisely at 12 o'Clock, when 
the Officer of the day will Visit them, and see that 
their provision is Cooked ; the practice of Broiling Pork 
or Beef is very prejudicial to the health, and is abso- 
lutely forbid. 

His Excellency, Gen. Dalling's Orders. 

Head Quarters, Spanish Town, iSth. Sept., 1780. 

The Non-Commissioned Officers and privates of 
the Legion, and the Corps of Batteaux Men to be 
drafted into the Corps of Jamaica Volunteers, the 
time for which they were Inlisted being punctually 
adhered to and Confirmed. The Officers belonging 
to these Corps who have Commissions or Employ- 
ments, to rejoin their Respective Corps or Employ- 
ments ; these that are not so Circumstanced are to 
continue their pay, until an opportunity offers for pro- 
viding for them, or till the Expiration of the Service. 

Bluefields, 29th. Oct., 1780. 

Parole Durham. 

In consequence of the above General Order from 
his Excellency the Commander in Chief, the Officers 
Commanding the Legion, and Corps of Batteaux Men, 



142 BRIG.-GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, 1 780. 

are Immediately to make out Exact Lists of the 
Names of their Non-Commissioned Officers and Pri- 
vates now living, distinguishing where they are. These 
men s Accounts to be made up to the 24th. Instant, 
and delivered to Capt. McDonald Commanding the 
Jamaica Volunteers, on the 4th. of November next 
Such Non-Commissioned Officers and Privates as are 
present, to be turned over to the Jamaica Volunteers. 
As soon as the Officers Commanding the Legion and 
Batteaux Corps have made out the Lists of their Non- 
Commissioned Officers and Privates, they will bring 
them to the Brigadier for his Inspection. 

They will at same time give in list of the Names and 
Ranks of their Officers, distinguishing such as hold 
double Commissions, or are Employed in the Public 
Departments. 

The late Tempestuous Weather giving room to 
Apprehend the loss of a Vessel Containing great part 
of the Douceur of Coffee, Sugar, &c., sent for the Re- 
lief of the Troops by his Excellency Gen. Dalling — 
whose unexampled Humanity and attention to the pres- 
ervation and comfort of the Soldier ought ever to be 
Considered by them with the Highest Gratitude — and 
as a further Distribution may not take place so soon 
as is wished for the above Reason, the Brigadier rec- 
ommends it to the Troops to take the Greatest Care 
of what they have received. 

Head Quarters, Ship Sally, 

Bluefields, ist. Nov., 1780. 

Morning Orders. 

Capt. Davis of the Jamaica Volunteers is appointed 
a member of the Survey of Provisions in room of 
Capt. Herbert who is indisposed. 

Head Quarters, Bluefields, 5th. Nov., 178a 
Surgeon's Mate Keofif of the General Hospital is 



BRIG.-GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, I^So* 143 

appointed to Act as Surgeon to the Garrison of St. 
John's Castle till further Orders. 

Head Quarters, Bluefields, 7th. Nov., 1780. 

The Battalion Commanded by Capt. McDonald, 
Including the drafts received by Jamaica Volunteers 
from the Legion and Batteaux Corps, to be under 
Arms on Thursday morning next at 9 o'Clock, to be 
inspected by the Brigadier. 

Officers Commanding Corps to have a return pre- 
pared, accounting for their Sick, on Duty, absent by 
Leave, and on Command, &c. Capt. McDonald of 
the Jamaica Volunteers is appointed a Member of the 
Survey of Provisions, to be held to-morrow morning, 
at 8 o'clock, in the room of Capt. Davis, absent on 
Duty. 

After Orders, 2 o'Clock. 

A Court Martial, consisting of One Captain and two 
Subalterns, to sit to-morrow morning at 9 o'Clock, to 
try Andrew Guinan, of the Loyal Irish Corps, for 
Theft, and such prisoners as shall be brought before 
them. 

Capt. Thomson, late of the Legion, President ; 
Lieut. Knox, 79th. Regiment, Lieut. Dowlin, Loyal 
Irish Corps, Members. The Court to Assemble at 
Capt. McGuire's Hut. 

Head Quarters, Bluefields, 8th. Nov., 1780. 

Andrew Guinan, private Soldier in the Loyal Irish 
Corps, tried by a Court Martial of the line, on Sus- 
picion of Stealing some Money and other Valuable 
Articles from Thomas Holoway, of the Jamaica Vol- 
unteers, is found Guilty of the Crime laid to his charge, 
and sentenced to receive Five Hundred Lashes. 

Brig.-Gen, Kemble approves of the Sentence, and 
orders it to be put in Execution by the Drums of the 
Different Corps, at 5 o'Clock this afternoon, at such 
place as Capt. McDonald shall direct. All the Men 



144 BRIG.-GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, I780. 

off Duty to attend the punishment, under the Com- 
mand of the Officer of the Day. 

The Physician of the Hospital will please to order 
a Surgeon's Mate to attend the punishment. 

Head Quarters,' Bluefields, 12th. Nov., 1780. 

Parole North. 

It is with regret the Brigadier observes the shame- 
ful inattention and Ignorance of Duty, so very con- 
spicuous in the Conduct of Several Officers. For 
their own sakes he earnestly desires, that, for the 
future, he may only have Occasion to take notice of 
their behaviour as worthy of Accomplished Officers, 
which will give him particular Satisfaction, and enable 
him to recommend to the Notice of the Commander 
in Chief without hazarding his own reputation. 

On Tuesday, the 14th. Inst., a pint of Wine in lieu 
of Rum will be Issued to the Troops included in Capt. 
McDonald's Return, to the Gentlemen of the Staff and 
the Carpenters; on Friday, the 17th., 2 Ozs. Butter in 
lieu of 4 Ozs. Salt Beef; at the same time a further 
Douceur of 3 lb. Sugar, 2 lb. Coffee, i lb. Cheese, i lb. 
Tobacco will be given Generally. It is with pleasure 
the Brigadier finds himself enabled to order this Dou- 
ceur, as he is convinced it will Excite the gratitude 
of those who participate so liberally of the Bounty of 
the Commander in Chief by every possible exertion for 
the Good of his Majesty's Service. 

Bluefields, 14th. Nov., 1780. 

Orders. 

A Court of Inquiry to Assemble to-morrow morning 
at 9 o'clock to examine into the Conduct of Capt. Mc- 
Guire, Mr. Tripple, Conductor of Artillery, and Mr. 
Flowers, master Carpenter, relative to a loss of Stores 
in the Sloop St. John's when run on Shore on one of 
the Pearl Keys. 



BRIG.-GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, 1780. I45 

Capt McDonald, Jamaica Volunteers, President ; 
Lieut Fahy, 60th. Regiment, Lieut. Dowlinj, Loyal 
rish Corps, Members. 

The President will report a State of the Proceedings 
as soon as possible to the Brigadier. 



Bluefields, i8th. Nov., 1780. 
Orders. 

Divine Worship will be performed by the Rev. Mr. 
Stanford to-morrow at 10 o'Clock, near the General's 
Hut. 

The Troops to be paraded at 8 o'Clock for inspection 
by the Officers of their respective Corps, who will be 
careful that the Men are clean dressed, and appear as 
decent as possible. 

The Men to wear their side Arms only, and the 
whole to be marched from the parade to the place of 
Service by the Officer of the day, who will dismiss them 
in the same regular manner after the Service is over. 
No man to be absent on any Account, and it is ex- 
pected all Officers will attend. 

Spanish Town, 8th. Nov., 1780. 

General Orders. 

60th. Regiment, ist. Battalion. — Ensign James Pruy 
Tucker, from the Jamaica Legion, to be Ensign vice 
Severn preferred. 

Bluefields, 27th. Nov., 1780. 

The Detachment of 60th. and 79th. Regiments, Loyal 
Irish Corps, and Jamaica Volunteers, to take their spare 
Arms from on board the Sally Transport immediately ; 
the Officers Commanding those Corps to give in a 
return of their spare Arms and Accoutrements to the 
Brigadier on Monday next, distinguishing the good 
from the bad. 

VOL. n— 10 



146 BRIG. -GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, 1780. 

Bluefields, 3d. Dec, 1780. 

Lieuti Madget, of the late Corps of Batteaux Men, is 
appointed to dp duty in the Jamaica Volunteers till 
further orders. 

Bluefields, 5th. Dec, 1780. 

A Court Martial to sit to-morrow morning at 9 o'Clock 
for the Trial of all such Prisoners as shall be brought 
before them. 

Capt. Davis, Jamaica Volunteers, President ; Lieut. 
Fahy, 60th. Regiment, Ensign Pyne, Loyal Irish Corps, 
Members. 

Bluefields, 7th. Dec, 1780. 

John Smyth, Soldier in the Loyal Irish Corps, tried 
by the Court martial of which Capt. Davis, Jamaica 
Volunteers, is President, for being Drunk on the Parade, 
is found Guilty, and sentenced to receive Two Hundred 
Lashes. 

Brig. -Gen. Kemble Approves of the Sentence, but is 
pleased to remit the punishment, and to order the 
prisoner to be released. 

Head Quarters, Bluefields, Monday, nth. Dec, 1780. 

The Officer of the day to visit the soldiers' Huts, see 
that they are clean and in good order ; no washing to be 
suffered in or near the Huts, and all Filth and Rubbish 
to be removed from the front and rear of them. He 
will examine if the men's Arms, Accoutrements, and 
Ammunition are put in dry places, and be very par- 
ticular in his inquiry of everything that may promote 
cleanliness, as nothing contributes more to the Health 
of the Soldier, and make a report of the same in writing 
to the Brigadier or Officer Commanding, every day at 
12 o'clock. 

Head Quarters, Bluefields, 13th. Dec, 1780. 
Parole Swanzey, C. S. Cardiff. 
A Return of good and bad Musket Cartridges in 



BRIG.-GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, I780, I47 

possession of the Soldiers to be given to the Brigadier 
to-morrow morning at lo o'Clock by the Officer of the 
day. 

If any in store with the different Corps, returns of 
them to be given in at same time. 

1 5th. Dec, 1780. 
Parole Castle Cary, C. S. Guildford. 

Officers commanding to make out a list of all Sol- 
diers belonging to their respective Corps, who are 
Tradesmen, and have been employed on the Expedi- 
tion, specifying where and how many days they worked 
from time to time. 

These lists to be given to the Officer of the Day on 
Sunday morning at 9 o'clock, who will deliver them to 
the Brigadier. 

A Return of Ball Cartridges wanting to complete the 
well men of each Corps to six rounds per man, and two 
Flints, to be given to Captain McDonald to-morrow 
morning early, who will make out a return of the whole 
and bring it to the Brigadier at 1 2 o'clock. 

The Men's Arms, Accoutrements, Ammunition, and 
Necessaries to be examined every Monday morning 
at 9 o'clock, by an Officer of each Corps, who will report 
all deficiencies to the Brigadier or Officer Commanding, 
at 10. 

All damaged Cartridges and spare Ball to be deliv- 
ered to Mr. Tripple, Conductor of Artillery, to-morrow 
morning, and any Soldier found Guilty of making away 
with, losing, or destroying his Ammunition and Flints, 
&c., through carelessness, to be immediately Confined 
and reported. 

Bluefields, 17th. Dec, 1780. 

A Court Martial, Consisting of one Captain and two 
Subalterns, to sit to-morrow morning at 9 o'Clock for 
the Trial of such Prisoners as shall be brought before 
them. 



148 BRIG. -GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, I780. 

Capt. McDonald, of the Jamaica Volunteers, Presi- 
dent; Lieut. Madget, late Batteaux Corps, Ensign 
Tucker, 6oth. Regiment, Members. 

Bluefields, 1 9th. Dec. , 1 780. 

Terence Gorman, Private Soldier in the Loyal Irish 
Corps, tried by a Court Martial, which Capt. McDon- 
ald is President, for Theft, is acquitted of the same. 

Corporal Backus, of the Loyal Irish Corps, tried by 
the above Court Martial, for striking his Wife and 
making a disturbance in Camp, is found Guilty of the 
Crime laid to his Charge, and sentenced to receive 
fifty lashes. 

The Brigadier approves the above Sentences, but at 
the Recommendation of the Court is pleased to remit 
the punishment adjudged Corporal Backus, and to 
order the Prisoner to be released. 

Bluefields, 20th. Dec, 1780. 

Capt. Park, Engineer, having been intrusted by his 
Excellency Gen. Dalling with Superintending the 
Works to be carried on at this place, as well as build- 
ing Huts for the reception pf the Troops, All the 
Carpenters and other labouring Men, as also the Ne- 
groes, are to be under his sole direction, and to receive 
their orders only from him in future. Mr. Adams, 
Assistant to the Quarter Master General, is to Act 
under Capt. Park's direction till further orders. 

Bluefields, 2 2d. Dec, 1780. 

No Prisoner to be kept in the Guard above two hours 
without his Crime is given in writing and signed by an 
Officer or Non-Commissioned Officer, except such as are 
confined by the General. 

All Persons, not in the Military line, who have reason 
to Complain of Soldiers, or other Persons belonging to 
the Army, are to apply to the Officer of the Day, who 
is to inquire into the matter immediately. 

A Court Martial, consisting of one Captain and two 



BRIG.-GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, I780. 1 49 

Subalterns, to sit to-morrow morning at 9 o'CIock, for 
the trial of such Prisoners as shall be brought before 
them. 

Capt. Dixon, 60th. Regiment, President ; Lieut. Car- 
ruthers, Ensign Craskill, Loyal Irish, Members. 

After Orders. 

Lieut. Knox, of 79th. Regiment, is appointed a mem- 
ber of the Court Martial, ordered to sit to-morrow in the 
room of Lieut. Carruthers. 

Bluefields, 23d. Dec, 1780. 

To-morrow morning sl (urther Douceur vriW be Issued 
to the Troops and others, of which they will be careful, 
as it is the last they are to receive unless additional 
Supplies are sent, which cannot in reason be expected. 
The Commander in Chief's bounty and attention having 
been extended to them in the most liberal manner. 

The Brigadier, therefore, hopes a proper sense of the 
General's unexampled goodness will be looked upon by 
every soldier in the distinguished light it merits, and 
induce him, by a steady perseverance to his duty and 
uniform good behaviour, to show he is deserving of the 
favours conferred. 

Corporal Gordon, of the 60th. Regiment, tried by the 
Court Martial of which Capt. Dixon is President, for 
being Drunk on Guard, is found Guilty, and sentenced 
to be reduced to the Ranks as Private, and to Mount 
six extraordinary Guards. 

The Brigadier Approves of the above Sentence, and 
orders the Prisoner to be released from Confinement. 

Bluefields, 24th. Dec, 1780. 

When the Soldiers parade to-morrow to have their 
Arms, Accoutrements, &c., examined, it is expected 
they appear clean dressed, and celebrate the day with 
decency. 



l5o BRIG.-GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, 178a 

The Negroes will be allowed to-morrow and the day 
after as days of rest, in consequence of the approaching 
Christmas Festival. 

One day's Allowance of Turtle will be issued to the 
troops to-morrow, which they will receive precisely at 7 
in the morning. 

Bluefields, 26th. Dec, 1780. 

Officers Commanding to have lists made out of the 
necessaries wanting to complete the Men of their re- 
spective Corps to two good suits per Man, and give 
the same to Capt. McDonald to-morrow morning, who 
will make a Return of the whole for the Brigadier's 
information. 

Bluefields, 28th. Dec, 1780. 

All the Men off duty to Parade this Afternoon at 4 
o'clock, and to carry away the Rubbish from the Rear 
of their Huts to the edge of the Wood below, where all 
filth is to be thrown in future. The Officer of the day 
to attend and see that it is properly done, 

Capt. Rochat, Deputy Quarter Master General, will 
look into the State of the Huts from time to time, and 
give his directions that cleanliness is preserved in all 
places and at all times. 

After Orders. 

Capt. Davis of the Jamaica Volunteers, and Ensign 
Tucker of 6oth. Regiment, are appointed Members of 
the Survey of Provisions, in the room of Lieut Fahy, 
60th, Regiment, and Capt. Bell of the Ship Sally. 

Head Quarters, 31st. Dec, 1780. 
Morning Orders. 

*rhe Detachment of 60th. and 79th. Regiments. Loyal 
Irish Corps, and Jamaica Volunteers, to apply at half- 

1K\st nine this Morning to Capt. Rochat, Deputy Quarter 
faster General, for a proportion of Camp Ketdes, &c. 



BRIG.-GEN, STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, 1 78 1. l5l 

Head Quarters, Bluefields, 31st. Dec, 1780. 

A Captain and two Subalterns of the day to come on 
duty at the usual time of relief till further orders. 

The Captain will go his Rounds at such times as he 
shall think proper, and Fix the hours for the Subalterns 
to go their Rounds. He will V^isit or direct his Sub- 
alterns to Visit the Men's Huts, &c., as ordered on the 
7th. inst.. and report all extraordinaries to the Brigadier. 

Captain for this day, Capt. Dixon, 60th. Regiment ; 
Subalterns, Lieut. Knox, 79th. Regiment, Lieut. Dow- 
lin, Loyal Irish Corps. 

Bluefields, ist. Jan., 1781. 

Parole Great Britain, C. S. Ireland. 

Captain for this day, Capt. McDonald, Jamaica Volun- 
teers ; Subalterns, Lieut. Craskill, Ensign Pine, Loyal 
Irish Corps. 

After Orders. 

Capt. Park, Mr. Shaw, Deputy Agent, and Mr. John- 
ston, Assistant Commissary, are appointed to Examine 
the Woolens and Oznabrigs lately landed from the Ship 
Hope, at nine o'Clock to-morrow morning, and Report 
their Opinion of the same to the Brigadier. 

Bluefields, 2d. Jan., 1781. 

Parole Thornbury, C. S. Stroud. 

Captain for this day, Capt. Davis, Jamaica Volunteers. 
Subalterns, Lieut. Madget, Ensign Tucker. 

Bluefields, 3d. Jan., 1781. 

Parole Blenheim, C. S. Woodstock. 

Captain for this day, Capt. Dixon ; Subalterns, Lieut. 
Knox, 79th., Lieut. Dowlin, Loyal Irish. 

The Troops to receive full allowance of Salt Pro- 
visions till further Orders; the Men in the General 
Hospital excepted, who are only to receive according 
to the Returns given in by the Surgeons. 



/ 

1 52 BRIG.-GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE'S ORDERS, I781. 

Bluefields, 4th. Jan., 1781. 

Parole Limerick, C. S. Belfast. 

Captain for this day, Capt. McDonald; Subalterns, 
Lieut. Craskill, Ensign Pine, Loyal Irish. 

Bluefields, 5th. Jan., 1781. 
Parole Black River, C. S. Rattan. 

Captain for this day, Capt. Davis ; Subalterns, Lieut. 
Madget, Ensign Tucker. 

The Troops to Parade in future at morning Roll calling 
with their Arms and Accoutrements, when an Officer of 
the day will examine them and see that they are in good 
order. 

Bluefields, 6th. Jan., 1781. 

Parole Sussex, C. S. Firle. 

Captain for this day, Capt. Dixon ; Subalterns, Lieut. 
Knox!, 79th., Lieut. Dowlin, Loyal Irish Corps. 

After Orders. 

The late shameful and uncommon instances of Drunk- 
enness observed in some old Soldiers when upon duty 
shows such a depravity of Mind as to exclude all hopes 
of Amendment but what the fear of punishment may 
bring to their recollection. The Brigadier did hope the 
attention that has been paid co the Soldiers' wants, and 
the extraordinary Douceurs they have received, would 
have made some impression on them and induce them 
to pay a stricter regard to Military Discipline ; but as ex- 
amples of lenity and attention appear to have only con- 
trary effects, he will try what the rigour of Military Law 
dictates, and is determined to Punish with the utmost 
severity in future ; and, that none may plead Ignorance, 
these orders and the Articles of War to be read by the 
Captain of the day to the Soldiers on the Parade this 
Evening. Alt the Men off duty of the 60th., 79th., Loyal 
Irish Corps, and Jamaica Volunteers (Officers' Servants 



BRIG, -GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, 1 78 1. 1 63 

included) to be under Arms to-morrow morning at Roll 
calling, when the Captains and Subalterns of the day 
will examine their Arms, Ammunition, and Accoutre- 
ments and Report the State of them to the Brigadier. 
The Captains and Subalterns of the day to be present 
at morning and Evening Roll Calling or at any other 
time when the Troops are ordered to parade. It is 
expected all Officers of every Corps attend the Parade 
to-morrow morning, and those Comitianding Detach- 
ments are answerable that their Men's Arms, Accoutre- 
ments and Ammunition are in good order. 

Bluefields, 7th. Jan., 1781. 
Parole Antigua, C. S. Nevis. 

Captain for this day, Capt. McDonald ; Subalterns, 
Lieut Craskill, Ensign Pine, Loyal Irish Corps. 

Bluefields, 8th. Jan., 1781, 
Parole Strasburg, C, S, Wyburg. 

Captain for this day, Capt. Dixon ; Subalterns, Lieut 
Madget, Ensign Tucker. 

A Non-Commissioned Officer and two Men from each 
Corps to be sent to the Commissary's Store immediately 
to receive a Keg to put their Rum or Wine in, which 
the Officer Commanding will take into his Charge when 
Issued and order each day's allowance (mixed with four 
times the quantity of Water) to be delivered to the Men 
at 1 1 o'clock in the morning. 

The Commissary will at same time deliver a cask 
for the use of two Corps, which they are to have sawed 
asunder, and will serve to mix the Men's Grog in. Capt. 
Park will order the like directions to be observed with 
the Negroes. 

Capt. Patterson is appointed a Member of the Survey 
of Provisions, in the room of Capt. Davis who is indis- 
posed. 



1 54 BRIG.-GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, 1 78 1. 

Bluefields, 9th. Jan., 1781. 

Parole Alton, C. S. Bath, 

Captain for this day, Capt. McDonald ; Subalterns, 
Lieut, Knox. Lieut, Dowlin. 

Bluefields, Wednesday, loth. Jan,, 1781. 
Parole Windsor, C. S. Eaton. 

Captain for this day. Capt. Rochat ; Subalterns, Lieut. 
Craskill, Ensign Pine, Loyal Irish Corps. 

The Commissary having represented to the Brigadier 
that he apprehends a part of the Salt Provisions and 
Flour in Store does not average the Weight Charged 
in the Account sent him from Jamaica, the following 
Officers are appointed to see such a proportion of said 
Salt Provisions and Flour weighed as will enable them 
to make a just Average of the whole under this descrip- 
tion, and Report their opinion of the same in writing : 
Capt. Rochat, Deputy Quarter Master General, Presi- 
dent ; Capt. McDonald, Jamaica Volunteers, Ensign 
Tucker, 60th. Regiment, Capt. Patterson, Director of 
Crafts, Peter Galbraith, Esq., D. A. Transports, Mem- 
bers. 

Bluefields, nth. Jan., 1781. 

Parole Leslie, C. S. Patterson. 

Captain for this day, Capt. McDonald ; Subalterns, 
Lieut. Madget, Ensign Tucker. 

Bluefields, 12th. Jan., 1781. 

Parole Robertson, C. S. New York. 

Captain for this day, Capt. Dixon ; Subalterns, Lieut. 
Knox, Lieut. Dowlin. 

Capt. Dixon is appointed President, and Capt. Rochat 
a member of the Survey of Provisions ordered on the 
loth. Inst. 



3RIG.-GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, 1 78 1, 1 55 

Bluefields, 13th. Jan., 1781. 
Parole Hanover, C. S. Bremen. 

Captain for this day, Capt. McDonald ; Subalterns, 
Lieut, Craskill, Lieut. Madget. 

Capt Park is appointed a Member of the Survey of 
Provisions ordered on the loth. Inst., in the room of 
Capt. Rochat who is indisposed. 

Bluefields, 14th. Jan., 1781. 

Parole Blandford, C. S. Spalding. 

Captain for this day, Capt. Dixon ; Subalterns, Lieut 
Knox, Ensign Tucker. 

Bluefields, 1 5th. Jan., 1781. 
Parole Hampshire, C. S. Gosport. 

Captain for this day, Capt. McDonald ; Subalterns 
Lieut. Dowlin, Lieut. Craskill, Loyal Irish Corps. 

A Court Martial, consisting of one Captain and two 
Subalterns, to sit immediately for the trial of Such Pris- 
oners as shall be brought before them. 

.Capt. McDonald, Jamaica Volunteers, President ; 
Lieut Dowlin, Ensign Pine, Members. 

After Orders. 

Jack, a Negro Private Soldier in the Jamaica Volun- 
teers, tried by Court Martial for sleeping on his Post, 
is found Guilty of the Crime laid to his Charge, and 
Sentenced to receive four hundred lashes in the usual 
manner. The Brigadier approves cf the Sentence and 
orders it to be put in Execution this Evening. 

Bluefields, 1 6th. Jan., 1781. 

Parole Liverpool, C. S. Landaff. 

Captain for this day, Capt. Davis ; Subalterns, Lteut. 
Madget, Ensign Tucker. 



1 56 BRIG.-GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, l78l* 

Bluefields, 17th. Jan., 1781. 

Parole Sandwich, C. S. Rodney. 

Captain for this day, Capt. Dixon ; Subalterns, Lieut. 
Knox, Lieut. Dowlin. 

Bluefields, i8th. Jan., 1781. 

Parole Brunswick, C. S. Ferdinand. 

Capt. for this day, Capt. McDonald ; Subalterns, 
Lieut. Craskill, Ensign Pine, Loyal Irish Corps. 

Bluefields, 19th. Jan., 1781. 

Parole Carmarthen, C. S. Hindon. 

Captain for this day, Capt. Davis ; Subalterns, Lieut. 
Madget, Lieut Knox. 

Bluefields, 20th. Jan., 1781. 

Parole Highmeadow, C. S. Newland. 

Captain for this day, Capt Dixon ; Subalterns, Lieuts. 
Dowlin and Craskill. 

Bluefields, 21st. Jan., 1781. 

Parole Salisbury, C. S. Wilton. 
Subalterns for this day, Lieut Madget, Ensign Pine. 

Bluefields, 22d. Jan., 1781. 

Parole London, C. S. Dublin. 
Subaltern for this day, Lieut Knox. 

Bluefields, 23d. Jan., 1781. 

Parole Holland, C. S. Hague. 
Subaltern for this day, Lieut Dowlin. 

Bluefields, 24th. Jan., 1781. 

Parole Stormont, C. S. Litchfield. 
SulKilterns for this day, Lieut Carruthers, Lieut 
M ailgct 



BRIG.-GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, 1 78 1. 1 5/ 

An Officer from each Corps to be at the Artillery 
Store to-morrow morning at 9 o'Clock to take charge of 
the spare Arms and Accoutrements arrived from the 
Harbour of St John's, a Return and State of the same to 
be given the Brigadier the day after. Ensign Cameron, 
of the late Batteaux Corps, to do duty with the Detach- 
ment of 60th. Regiment till further Orders. 

Bluefields, 25th. Jan., 1781. 

Parole Canterbury, C. S. Durham. 

Subalterns for this day, Lieut. McKenzie, Ensign 
Cameron. 

Bluefields, 26th. Jan., 1781. 

Parole Chichester, C. S. Arundel. 

Subalterns for this day, Lieut. Knox, Lieut. Dowlin. 

There being no Quarter Master to the Battalion com- 
posed of Detachments from 60th. and 79th. Regiments, 
Loyal Irish Corps, and Jamaica Volunteers, The Sub- 
alterns of the day will superintend the division of Pro- 
visions, and see that a fair and equal proportion is given 
to each Corps according to their numbers. 

The Troops to receive four ounces of Butter, in lieu 
of half a pound of Beef or Pork in proportion, till 
further Orders. 

Bluefields, 27th. Jan., 1781. 

Parole Northumberland, C. S. Alnwick. 

Subalterns for this day, Lieut. Carruthers, Lieut 
Madge t. 

The Detachment of 60th. and 79th. Regiments, Loyal 
Irish Corps, Jamaica Volunteers andLighthorse (Ofificers' 
Servants not excepted), to be under Arms on Monday 
morning at 7 o'Clock to be inspected by the Brigadier ; 
Officers Commanding to have returns prepared Ac- 
counting for every man of their respective Corps, 
whether Absent by leave, Sick, or on duty. A List of 
such Men lately arrived from the Castle, who have been 



1 58 BRIG.-GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, I781. 

employed as Artificers during the Expedition, to be 
given in at the same time, Specifying where and how 
many days they Worked from time to time. 

Bkiefields, 28th. Jan., 1781. 
Parole Kensington, C. S. Windsor. 
Subalterns for this day, Lieut. Knox, Ensign Tucker. 

Bluefields, 29th. Jan., 1781. 
Parole Quebec, C. S. Montreal. 

Subalterns for this day, Lieut. Dowlin, Lieut. Madget. 

The Detachments of 60th. Regiment and Loyal Irish 
Corps to be ready to Embark at the shortest Notice ; 
the Sick of these two Corps fit to Embark to assemble 
on the Parade to-morrow morning at Guard Mounting. 

Bluefields, 30th. Jan., 1781. 

Parole Edinburgh, C. S. Glasgow. 

Subalterns for this day, Lieut. McKenzie and Ensign 
Cameron. 

A Douceur will be delivered this afternoon at 4 o'Clock 
to the Troops lately arrived from St. John's Harbour. 
Lieut. Brown, 60th. Regiment, will send a Return as 
soon as possible to the Commissary of the number of 
Officers and Men of each Corps entitled to receive the 
same. 

Bluefields^ 31st. Jan., 1781. 

Parole Archer, C. S. Resource. 

Subalterns for this day, Lieut. Knox, Ensign Tucker. 

A Court Martial to sit immediately for the Trial of 
such Prisoners as shall be brought before them. 

Capt. Davis, Jamaica Volunteers, President ; Lieut. 
McKenzie. Light Horse, Lieut Madget, late Batteaux 
Corps, Members, 



BRIG.-GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLe's ORDERS, I781. I Sq 

Bluefields, Feb. ist., 1781, 

Parole Newcastle, C. S. Tyne. 

Subalterns for this day, Lieut. DowHn, Lieut. Mad- 
get. 

Bluefields, Feb. 2d., 1781. 

Parole York, C. S. Harlem. 

Subalterns for this day, Lieut. McKenzie, Ensign 
Cameron. 

Lieut. Knox is appointed a Member of the Court 
Martial ordered to sit Yesterday, to assemble this morn- 
ing at 10 o'clock. 

Bluefields, 3d. Feb., 1781. 
Parole Severn, C. S. Trent. 

Subalterns for this day, Lieut. Knox, Ensign Tucker. 

Francis, Private in the light Horse, tried by the Court 
Martial of which Capt. Davis was President, for neglect 
of duty, is found Guilty, and sentenced to mount one 
Extra Guard. 

Corporal Gothy, of the 60th. Regiment, tried by said 
Court Martial for neglect of duty, is found Guilty of the 
same, and sentenced to be suspended for a fortnight. 

Corporal Gaynon, of the Loyal Irish Corps, tried by 
said Court Martial for permitting the Commissary's 
Store to be broke open during his Guard, is found Guilty, 
and Sentenced to receive four hundred lashes. 

The Brigadier approves of the above several Sen- 
tences, and orders the Prisoners Francis and Corporal 
Gothy to be released from Confinement ; he is also 
pleased to remit Corporal Gothy's suspension. The 
Prisoner Gaynon to receive only two of the four hundred 
lashes adjudged him this Evening at Retreat beating. 

Bluefields, 4th. Feb., 1781. 

Parole Southampton, C. S. Alresford. 

Subaltern for this day, Lieut. Madget. 

The Detachment of 60th. Regiment and Loyal Irish 



l6o BRIG.-GEN. STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, I781. 

Corps under the Command of Lieut, Brown, 6oth. 
Regiment, to Embark to-morrow at 1 2 o'Clock. 

Dr. Sanderson, of the General J Hospital, and Mr. 
Hodgkinson, assistant in the Commissary Department, 
to Embark with Lieut Brown's Detachment. 

Bluefields, 5th. Feb., 1781. 
Parole Dalling, C. S. Garth. 

Subaltern for this day, Lieut. McKenzie. 

To prevent any disputes that may arise on the Con- 
struction of Gen. Dalling's orders of i8th. Sept. last, 
whether Capt. Park, of the late Batteaux Corps, shall 
hold his Rank as Captain -Brigadier, Gen. Kemble is 
pleased to order that Capt. Park be considered as Cap- 
tain in the Provincial Line, and to hold his Rank ac- 
cordingly, till his Excellency Gen. Dalling's pleasure is 
known. 

Morning Orders. 

A Court Martial, composed of Officers belonging to 
the Detachment under Lieut. Brown's Command, to sit 
immediately for the trial of such Prisoners as shall be 
brought before them. 

Lieut. Dowlin, Loyal Irish Corps, President; Lieut. 
Carruthers, Ensign Tucker, Members. 

After Orders. 

John Gordon, private Soldier in the 60th. Regiment, 
tried by the Court Martial of which Lieut. Dowlin was 
President, for disobedience of Orders and being insolent 
to Serjeant Dotterlin, Is found Guilty of being insolent 
to Serjeant Dotterlin, and sentenced to receive two 
hundred lashes. The Brigadier Approves of the above 
Sentence, and orders it to be put in immediate Execu- 
tion. 

Bluefields, 6th. Feb., 1781. 

Parole Monmouth, C. S. Ross. 
Subaltern for this day, Ensign Cameron. 



BRIG.-GEN, STEPHEN KEMBLE's ORDERS, I781. 161 

All Officers and others who have permission to go 
to Jamaica are to Embark to-morrow morning; they 
will give in their Names to Capt. Rochat, Deputy 
Quarter Master General, immediately, who will regu- 
late their Embarkation with Mr. Galbraith, Agent of 
Transports. 

Ensign Cameron, of the late Batteaux Corps, to do 
duty with the Jamaica Volunteers till further orders. 

The Detachment of 79th. Regiment, Jamaica Volun- 
teers, and Light Horse to remain at this post till 
further orders, under the Command of Capt. Davis, 
of Jamaica Volunteers. As also the following Staff 
Officers, viz. : Capt. Patterson, director of Crafts ; 
Capt. Park, Superintendent of Works ; Mr. Adams, 
assistant to Superintendent of Works; Mr. Johnson, 
Commissary of Provisions ; Mr. Munro, Conductor of 
Artillery. 

Bluefields, 7th. Feb., 1781. 

Parole Inverness, C. S. Sterling. 

Subaltern for this day, Lieut. Madget. 
A Survey of Provisions to be held immediately. 
Capt. Rochat, President ; Capt. Park, Mr. Galbraith, 
Members. 

VOL. 11 — II 



III. 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE. 



EXPEDITION 



TO THE 



SPANISH MAIN AND NICARAGUA. 



1 779-1 781. 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE. 



{From the London Gazette,^ 

Whitehall, Dec. i8th., 1779. 

Extracts from a Letter from Capt. Dalrymple, Com- 
maixdant of the Loyal Irish Volunteers, to the 
Right Honourable Lord George Germain, one 
of his Majesty's principal Secretaries of State. 
Received Yesterday by Lieut. Garden, of the 
60th. Regiment. 

St. Fernando de Omoa, Oct. 21st., 1779. 

Your lordship would be informed that Gen. Dalling 
liad dispatched me to the Mosquito shore to collect a 
force, and that he had also sent arms, artillery, and 
ammunition for St. George's Key, being the principal 
settlement of the Daymen. 

V On the 27th. of September, the day of our arrival at 
Black River, on the Mosquito shore, an Advice-boat 
came up from the bay with certain intelligence that the 
Spaniards had, on the isth. of September, taken pos- 
session of St. George's Key, having a number of armed 
Petiaguas and about 600 men. On this notice, having 
collected 60 Indians, and inlisted some volunteers on 
the shore, we sailed in the Porcupine sloop of war 
with three transports, for the relief and re-establish- 
ment of the Baymen. On the evening of our depart- 
ure from Black River we fell in with Commodore 
LrUttrell in the Charon, accompanied by the Lowestoffe 
and Pomona frigates, when we were informed that 
St- George's Key had been retaken by his Majesty's 
armed schooner Racehorse, and that the remaining 



1 66 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1779- 

inhabitants, with their slaves, had retired to. Truxillo 
and Rattan. I intended to have consulted the Bay- 
men on re- settling Honduras, when I was informed 
that his Majesty*s ships had been at the Gulph of Dulce, 
and not finding the Register ships there, had pro- 
ceeded to St. Fernando de Omoa, where they discov- 
ered them ; that they had entered the bay, where some 
shots were exchanged between them and the fort, but 
not having a sufficient land force to attack on shore, 
they were obliged to leave it. Judging this a happy 
opportunity of adding lustre to his Majesty's arms, I 
waited upon Commodore Luttrell and offered to attack 
on the land side with the Indians and the detachment 
of the Loyal Irish, if he would reinforce me with the 
marines, musketry-men from the ships. The Commo- 
dore agreeing in opinion that the fort might be taken 
by attacking by sea and land at the same time, it was 
accordingly determined on, and Truxillo was appointed 
as the rendezvous to collect the Baymen with their 
slaves, where we met some people from the Mosquito 
shore, who had been on an expedition against the 
Register ships. The Commodore immediately had 
the Baymen collected, as I suggested it, who were 
dispersed about the islands of Rattan and Bonaccoa ; 
they were formed by me into four companies, being 
invested with powers by Gen. Calling for that pur- 
pose ; the slaves I officered by their proprietors. With 
this reinforcement of 250 men, added to the Loyal Irish, 
marines, musketry-men from the ships, and Indians, 
our force amounted to upwards of 500 men. The 
Commodore, having got in readiness at my request 
scaling ladders, issued out 200 stand of arms, exclusive 
of 70 stand issued by me of the regimental arms, and 
150 sent down by Gen. Dalling, which were intended 
for the bay. We sailed from the Bay of Tnixillo on the 
loth. inst., and landed on the i6th., about eight o'Clock 
at night, at Porto Cavallo. We were informed by our 
guides that Porto Omoa was only three leagues dis- 
tant, and our intention was to have marched directly 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1779- 1 67 

on in the night to surprise and escalade the fort ; but 
the distance proving greater than was imagined, and 
the roads very bad which they passed — such as I may 
venture to affirm no European troops ever marched 
before in this climate, being obliged at times to walk 
(on account of impenetrable mangroves) out into the 
sea, which damaged their cartouches, and at other 
times through lagoons, morasses, and narrow foot- 
paths over mountains, rendered alm(5st impassable 
from the late rains, having precipices on each side, and 
forced to grope our way by lights made from cabbage 
trees — we were not arrived within two leagues of the 
fort at day-break, having lost our rear, some lying 
down through fatigue, and others losing the line of 
march from the darkness of the night, and the difficulty 
of keeping up in paths only passable by Indians. In 
the morning the rear line was brought up by Capt. 
Garden, of the 6oth. regiment of foot, and, having 
refreshed the troops for two hours, we proceeded 
again through passes and defiles the same as the 
night before, the Indians skirmishing along the paths. 
We had taken two lookouts, from which some of the 
soldiers escaped and carried intelligence that an enemy 
was advancing, and, as they had seen our squadron 
the night before, and the Mosquito crafts, imagined 
that Indians (only) landed from them were the enemy 
on shore, not thinking that Europeans would under- 
take such a march ; and in order to favour this decep- 
tion, the Indians were advanced in front and dislodged 
them from their lookouts, which prevented them from 
occupying the defiles and passes until we arrived near 
the town, where they had placed an ambuscade. The 
Indians, who are extremely sharp as scouts, perceived 
them ; they represented that the Spaniards were drawn 
up in force. A disposition to attack was immediately 
framed for the Loyal Irish and marines to force the 
pass in front in columns, and to advance rapidly with 
the grenadiers' march, supported by the second line 
drawn up ; and the Pomona's musketry-men of the 



1 68 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I 779- 

first line were detached to gain a hill on the left, 
covered with wood, which commanded the pass. These 
orders being instantly executed, the defile was forced. 
We received a scattering, ill-directed fire from 50 or 
60 Spaniards, which killed one soldier only of the 
Loyal Irish, and wounded a marine ; and so great was 
their panic, that they fled on all quarters to the fort, 
woods, and town, evacuating the Governor's house, 
built with battlements, and terraced on the top — ^a 
post which, if defended by 20 British regulars, would 
have stopped our whole force. The gaining this hill, 
and that which the Pomona's men had ascended, gave 
us the entire view of the fort commanding it, and the 
town in the bottom, the fort distant half a mile, and 
the town in close under the hill. The skirmishing 
continued from the town, and galled us a little. Being 
unwilling to set fire to it, I desisted upwards of an 
hour ; but finding that I could not permit an enemy 
on my flank, the town forming a crescent under the 
hill, orders were given for its being consumed, which 
were carried into execution, the inhabitants flying to 
the fort and the woods. The property consumed in the 
town was estimated at 100,000 piasters. The squad- 
ron came into the bay while the town was in flames, 
and, supposing it a proper time to batter the fort, 
went in abreast of it. A diversion was made by the 
land forces in their favour from the hill. The scaling 
ladders were carried by the Honduras fusileers ; but 
their eagerness to engage in skirmishing made them 
drop the ladders, and hasten to get up to the head of 
the column, which prevented the land forces from co- 
operating with the squadron (by storming) so heartily 
that day as could have been wished. 

The Lowcstoffe having got aground, and the other 
ships, as I imagined, observing the signal was dis- 
played that the land forces could not 'co-operate, de- 
sisted firin;^. The Lowestoffe was much damaged, but 
got off. 

The day following we passed in skirmishing, in 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1779- 169 

securing the roads round the fort, and driving in cattle 
for the land forces. On the i8th. the squadron landed 
some guns to the westward ; two four-pounders were 
got up that night, and a battery was immediately opened 
on them. 

This battery incommoded them much, but never 
could have made any impression on the walls of the 
parapet, as they were eighteen feet thick. 

The Spaniards pointed that evening three more 
guns towards the land side, and in the morning dis- 
mounted one of ours. Observing there were some 
houses near the fort which the Spaniards had neg- 
lected to burn, parties of marines, baymen, and Indians 
occupied them, and kept up so incessant a fire on the 
embrasures of the fort, that the Spaniards' fire from 
the guns was often silenced for hours, and we observed 
them throwing over the dead. This day six more 
guns were got up by the seamen and baymen, one of 
which Gen. Dalling had sent for the baymen, three 
others being unfortunately swamped coming on shore. 
Capt. Garden opened a battery of four six-pounders 
from the hill which the Pomona's men had gained in 
the first skirmish at the defile, which also commanded 
the fort. 

Foreseeing that by a siege of this nature, before 
approaches could be made in a regular way, and a 
breach effected, a vast train of artillery would be re- 
quired, and a length of time, after which we should be 
obliged to storm, having also the enemy in the rear 
all round ; and having maturely weighed all these cir- 
cumstances, and the disadvantage inevitable attending 
a siege, it was therefore determined to escalade the 
fort, as the ditch was found to be dry. And having 
consulted with the Gommodore on the mode of attack, 
it was resolved that the Pomona should be towed close 
in, the heavier ships co-operating. The attack being 
determined on, the Europeans were formed into four 
columns in line, four men advanced with guides at tbe^ 
head of each column, in each column followed eig 




170 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 779- 

men carrying the ladders, who were followed by a few 
hand-grenade men. Two columns consisted of Sea- 
men and two of marines, with a few Loyal Irish. At 
three in the morning, this disposition being made, and 
our force consisting of 150, we moved down the hill, 
and there lay waiting for the signal of the Charon 
which was to denote she had got under way and would 
attack in 20 minutes. The signal being made a little 
after four o'Clock in the morning of the 20th., we 
advanced under the fire of our own batteries, and were 
encouraged by observing that the Spaniards did not 
perceive our march, by the direction of their shot over 
us, pointed at our batteries on the hill. 

The Pomona and fleet also attracted their notice by 
the fire from the sea-side ; by this fortunate co-opera- 
tion, in profound silence, arms trailed, and in order to 
animate the troops, the parole was changed to bayonet, 
and the countersign Britons, strike /lonie. We ad- 
vanced undiscovered under the Spanish sentries, who 
were every two or three minutes passing the word 
a/erto. At the entrance into the ditch were two guns 
pointed from the flank of the bastion to scour it. We 
were perceived by their sentries, and their drum beat 
to the alarm posts. Our columns were staggered, and 
stepped back ; but instantly recovering themselves, they 
advanced to the wall, in height 28 feet, on which was 
a battery of five guns. They reared one ladder, a sec- 
ond, and a third ; the first ladder was broke by the 
flank guns of another bastion, killing a Midshipman, 
and badly wounding five men ; the other ladders were 
also wounded, but not broke. Two seamen got up first 
by one ladder, and obeyed their orders in not firing ; 
they presented at 60 Spaniards drawn up, but retained 
their fire until others ascended ; and so great was the 
consternation of the enemy, that it seemed as if they 
had lost the power of their arms, although their offi- 
cers were at their head encouraging them. 

The seamen scrambling up the ladders, down off 
the parapets they went, and, being reinforced by ma- 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 779- I7I 

fines and seamen, the Spaniards fled to the casements ; 
but they could not recover their panic, notwithstand- 
ing ever)' exertion of their Officers. About lOO Span- 
iards escaped over the walls on the opposite side, and 
out of a sally port. The Governor and principal Offi- 
cers then came and delivered up to me their swords, 
the garrison, and register ships, with the keys of the 
fort, and asked their lives. Inclosed is a list of the 
Spanish Officers, with the troops of the garrison ; also 
a list of our killed and wounded, which is very incon- 
siderable. We found eleven Spaniards wounded, some 
of whom are since dead ; they will not acknowledge 
the number they have lost, but it is thought it exceeds 
thirty. 

As to the behaviour of the Officers and soldiers 
under my command, the British displayed that valour 
which is their known characteristic. The baymen and 
Indians were also of the utmost service in all duties 
of fatigue, in skirmishing, and dragging up the can- 
non. 

Your Lordship will pardon my mentioning an in- 
stance of an elevated mind in the British tar which 
amazed the Spaniards and gave them a very high idea 
of English valour. Not contented with one cutlass, he 
had scrambled up the walls with two, and meeting a 
Spanish Officer without arms, who had been roused out 
of his sleep, had the generosity not to take any ad- 
vantage, but, presenting him one of his cutlasses, told 
him, ''You are now on a footing with me." The 
orders were. Not to spare while they resisted, but to 
grant quarter to all who requested it. Only two Span- 
iards were wounded by the bayonet in resisting, nor 
was any person pillaged or plundered. 

I have the pleasure to inform your Lordship that 
the greatest harmony has subsisted between the sea 
and land forces during the whole of this expedition, 
and that Commodore Luttrell and the Captains of the 
navy have, on every occasion, made the greatest ex- 
ertions to forward the service on shore, and all under- 



172 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I 779- 

went the most severe fatigue, in this hot climate, with 
uncommon alacrity. 

Of this fortification your Lordship will judge of the 
importance from the incredible expense the Crown of 
Spain has been at in erecting it, as the stone of which 
it is built is raised out of the sea and brought twenty 
leagues. 

The outworks are not finished, notwithstanding they 
have constantly employed one thousand men at work 
for twenty years. It is the key to the Bay of Honduras, 
and where the register ships and treasure are sent to 
from Guatemala in time of war. The morning of our 
arrival the treasure was conveyed into the country, so 
that what we have found in the military chest and what 
belonged to the public does not exceed 8,000 piasters, 
but the register ships must be very valuable if they 
arrive in safety in England. 

I send these dispatches with the colours of Omoa, 
and also plans of the fortification, by Lieut. Garden, of 
the 60th. Regiment, whom I appointed to act as Gap- 
tain of Artillery and Engineer to this expedition, and 
humbly beg he may be permitted to lay them at his 
Majesty's feet. His merit and activity in forwarding 
the works during the expedition contributed to the 
reduction of this important fortress, and I solicit your 
Lordship will recommend him to his Majesty's protec- 
tion. Your Lordship will find him intelligent relative 
to the Mosquito shore and the state of this country. I 
also take the liberty of mentioning Lieut. Wightman, 
of the Marines, who acted as my Aid-de-Gamp, to be 
recommended to Lord Sandwich. This gentleman was 
wounded in reconnoitring the ditch the evening before 
it was stormed. The prisoners taken amount in the 
whole to 365, exclusive of Officers, as by the inclosed 
list. 

Your Lordship will observe that an agreement has 
been made to exchange them for the baymen who were 
inhumanly carried away, with their families, to Merida, 
and we have brought off two Priests and the Lieuten- 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1779- I 73 

ant-Governor as hostages for the performance of this 
agreement. I have also obliged them to exchange two 
Mosquito Indians, one of whom has been forced to 
dive at Carthagena for many years with irons on his 
limbs, and is confined in a'dungeon every evening ; and 
we have also released some unfortunate Englishmen 
who were confined here and made to work as slaves. 

1 have to mention to your Lordship that Mr. Con- 
cannen, a young gentleman, a Midshipman, was the 
third who mounted the ladder, and Lieut. Dundass, who 
was the fourth, agreeable to my orders, formed some 
men before he advanced on the Spaniards. I have 
also to take notice that Lieuts. Walker and Dundass, 
who commanded the seamen, preserved that discipline 
and promptitude in obeying orders which would do 
honour to veteran troops, and recommend that their 
services may be mentioned to Lord Sandwich, that his 
Majesty may know such Officers as have gallantly dis- 
tinguished themselves. 

Copy of the Convention between the Honourable John 
Luttrell and William Dalrymple, Esq., on the 
part of his Britannic Majesty, and Don Simon 
Desnaux and Don Juan Dastiex on the part of 
his Catholic Majesty, for the Officers and garrison 
of Porto Omoa, October 24, 1 779. 

Don Simon Desnaux, Lieutenant-Colonel of Infan- 
^n^» Engineer in second to his Catholic Majesty, and 
heretofore Commandant of the F'ort of Omoa, and 
Don Juan Dastiex, Engineer, Commandant, and Cap- 
^in of Infantry, having earnestly solicited the Com- 
n^anders of his Britannic Majesty's forces by land and 
^the Honourable John Luttrell and William Dalrym- 
plc, Esq., to treat for the exchange of the Spanish gar- 
rison at Omoa, on the part of his Britannic Majesty, 
have set forth that they are ready to treat, on the 
part of his Catholic Majesty, for the same. The said 
request is complied with upon the following terms and 
conditions : 



174 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I 779- 

First, All the Spanish Officers which bear his 
Catholic Majesty's Commission shall be prisoners of 
war and admitted upon their parole, that they shall 
not serve, directly or indirectly, against the King of 
Great Britain, his subjects or allies, during the present 
war, unless they are before exchanged. 

Secondly. That all the said Officers shall be per- 
mitted to choose their place of residence, provided 
that they are not found beyond the distance of sixty 
leagues from Omoa, nor nearer to Omoa than forty 
leagues, until they be exchanged in the manner here- 
after set forth. 

Thirdly. That all the Mulattoes and people of 
mixed colour, whether men, women, or children, as well 
as the artificers, shall have liberty to return home, pro- 
vided none of them take up arms against the King of 
Great Britain, his subjects or allies, or be found within 
thirty leagues of Omoa until this agreement is fully 
accomplished. 

Fourthly. That the said Don Simon Desnaux and 
Juan Dastiex doth engage for the Governor of Merida, 
in case the English prisoners captured in the Bay of 
Hunduras are within his district, and if not, for the 
Governor of whatever Spanish district they may be in, 
that he shall return an equal number of Mulattoes or 
people of mixed colour to those that have been liber- 
ated at Omoa, and of this number such as were taken 
in the Bay of Honduras by the Spaniards shall have 
the preference. And it is further understood and 
agreed between the parties to this agreement, that all 
the subjects of the King of Great Britain, taken in the 
Bay of Honduras, and now in the custody of the said 
Governor of Merida, shall be exchanged by giving 
Mulattoes for Mulattoes, men for men, women for 
women, and children for children ; and this exchange 
to be made the moment the said Governor of Merida 
can be made acquainted with this convention, but at 
all events not to exceed the space of three months. 

Fifthly. The Serjeants and soldiers of the regulars 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1779- 175 

shall be exchanged for an equal number of Serjeants 
and soldiers of the British army ; and, if the King of 
Spain shall not have such in his possession, then to 
be exchanged for the principal merchants and traders 
taken at George's Key in the Bay of Honduras: pro- 
vided, a sufficient number of white people cannot be 
sent from Omoa to exchange them, and a receipt to be 
given by the English Commissary for such number of 
men as may have been captured by the Spaniards 
in the Bay of Honduras as shall exceed the number 
delivered from the garrison of Omoa ; such a receipt 
for the surplus to be given by the Spanish Commis- 
sar}', if the balance is in favour of England. The 
Spanish seamen to be exchanged in like manner for 
English seamen, as is specified by the parties respect- 
ing the Serjeants and soldiers. 

Sixthly. The Honourable John Luttrell and William 
Dalrj'mple do covenant, that the Spanish garrison at 
Omoa shall be embarked within the space of three 
days on board of vessels properly provided, and shall 
be conveyed without loss of time to the castle of St. 
Philip, within the Gulph of Dulce, or to some adjacent 
Spanish post, and there delivered, at the sole charge 
of his Britannic Majesty. And the said Don Simon 
I^naux and Don Juan Dastiex do covenant, that the 
Officers, soldiers, merchants, artificers, Mulattoes, and 
people of white or mixed colour, subjects of his Bri- 
tannic Majesty, who, since the commencement of the 
present war with Spain, have been taken in the Bay 
^* Honduras, shall be embarked within the space: of 
three months from the day the said Don Simon 
^^snaux and Don Juan Dastiex shall be landed in the 
Gulph of Dulce, and sent to Omoa or the next nearest 
^f^glish settlement, at the sole expense of the King of 
^pain : provided, the said English prisoners, or any 
of them, -are within the jurisdiction of the Governor of 
Merida ; but should they have been sent to the Ha- 
vannah, then the said Don Simon Desnaux and Don 
Juan Dastiex doth covenant, that the Governor of the 



1/6 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I 7 79- 

Havannah " shall embark them from thence, and 
land them at the expense of the King of Spain afore- 
said at Jamaica, within the space of six months from 
the date hereof. Provided always, that every article 
of this agreement is not strictly performed on the part 
of the Court of Spain, We, Don Simon Desnaux and 
Don Juan Dastiex, were fully bound for ourselves, and 
for all the Spanish Officers of the garrison, to repair 
without loss of time, and by the shortest mode of 
conveyance, to Omoa, or to the nearest English settle- 
ment, there to deliver themselves up as prisoners of 
war. And for the further security hereof, the said 
Don Simon Desnaux and Don Juan Dastiex will 
deliver up as hostages Col. Antonio Fernandez, sec- 
ond commandant of the garrison, the Rev. Blass Mer- 
cenario. Chaplain of the register ship Saint Joseph, 
the Padre Antonio Mercurdetio, late Chaplain of 
Omoa, to whom we promise to give the ornaments of 
the church (^which we refuse to ransom) upon condi- 
tion that ever)' part of this agreement is fulfilled by 
the court of Spain, within the time and in the manner 
before specified, but to remain till then in the hands of 
the English. 

Signed on the part of his Britannic Majesty, at 
Omoa, the 24th. of October, 1779. 

(^Signed) John Luttrell, (L. S. ) 

Wm. Dalrymple, (L. S. ) 

Signcil on the part of his Catholic Majesty, at 
Onuxu the said 24th. of October, i 779. 

Don Simon Desnaux, (L. S.) 
Don Juan Dastiex, (L. S.) 

We. the under-written, do ratify and confirm every 
part of this agreement, and hold ourselves, bound for 
a due performance of it. Signed at Omoa, the 24th. 

of October, 1779. 

(Signed) Josef de Cucilar, 

Josef Eusebio Mellandez, 

Pedro Tolle, 

Manuel de Clariac. 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1779. ^11 

List of Officers taken Prisoners of War at St. Fer- 
nando de Omoa, the 20th. of October, 1779 : 

Don Simon Desnaux, Governor and Engineer in 
second to his Catholic Majesty, and Lieutenant-Col- 
onel of infantry; Don Antonio Fernandes, Lieutenant 
Governor and Lieutenant-Colonel ; Don Joseph Fi- 
vallier, Captain of Artillery ; Don Emanuel Clairac, 
Lieutenant of artillery ; Don Joseph Mellendez, second 
Lieutenant of artillery ; Don Pedro Tolle, Lieutenant 
of dragoons; Don Juan Darcier, Commandant and 
Captain of engineers ; Don Joseph Antonio Mator- 
nia, Commissary ; Don Juan Galendo, Comptroller ; 
Seignor Francisco Garrochier, first Surgeon to the 
hospital ; Seignor Bri tango, second Surgeon ; Don 
Antonio Mercadilla, Chaplain ; Don Diego Martarrez, 
Store-keeper ; two Captains of register ships ; three 
Priests ; ten Serjeants of artillery ; one ditto dragoons ; 
355 rank and file ; also a town Adjutant, name un- 
known at present. 

(Signed) W. Dalrymple, Commander in Chief of 

the land forces. 

Return of Artillery and Stores taken at Fort St. 
Fernando de Omoa, Oct. 20th., 1779 : 

Brass twenty-four pounders mounted, 6 ; twelve 
ditto, 2 ; four ditto, 6 ; four field pieces not mounted. 
Iron eighteen-pounders mounted, 10; twelve ditto, 8 ; 
three ditto, i. Total mounted, ^iZ- 

Twenty-four pounders not mounted, i ; four ditto, 
4; three ditto, 8; i ditto, 10. Total not mounted, 
23. Swivels, 100. Brass Mortars, 13-inch, mounted 
on brass beds, 2. 

Shot. Brass eighteen pounders, 127; four pounders, 
365 ; one pounders, 107 ; iron twenty-four pounders, 
36 ; eighteen pounders, 4,196 ; twelve pounders, 2,809 ; 
eight pounders, 273 ; six pounders, 195 ; four pounders, 
2,990; three pounders, 174; one pounders, 832; bar 
shot, 18, weight 43 lb., 141. 

Thirteen inch shells, 396 ; hand grenades, 900 ; 
muskets, 472; swords, 100; pistols (pairs 10), 20; 

VOL. 11—12 



178 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 779. 

pick-axes, 300 ; hoes, 200 ; pit-saws, 3 ; ladles, 8 ; bullet 
moulds, 13 ; cask of bullets, i ; rounds of land-grage, 
300 ; rounds of powder, filled for 33 guns, 20 ; twenty- 
four pounder carriages, old, 10 ; ditto new, 9 ; four 
pounder ship carriages, 4 ; chest of carpenters* tools, 
I ; bolts, plates, pins, and other iron work for ten 
carriages ; 50 quintals of gunpowder, mostly damaged. 

(Signed) Hans Garden, Captain Artillery and 

Engineer. 

(Signed) W. Dalrymple, Commander in Chief of 

the land forces. 

Return of killed and wounded acting on shore, at 
the Siege and attack of Fort St. Fernando de Omoa, 
Oct. 20, 1779 : 

Total — I Midshipman, 5 men, killed ; i subaltern, 
13 men, wounded. 

Names of the Officers killed and wounded : 

Mr. Lloyd, Midshipman of the Lowestoffe, killed. 

Second Lieut. Wightman, of the Chatham division 
of marines, wounded. 

(Signed) W. Dalrymple, Commander in Chief of 

the land forces. 

Admiralty Office, Dec. nth., 1779. 

Capt. Pakenham arrived at this office yesterday 
afternoon with a letter from the honourable John Lut- 
trell, Captain of his Majesty's ship the Charon, to Mr. 
Stephens, dated at Omoa, the 27th. of October, 1779, 
of which the following is an extract : 

Charon, in the Harbour of Omoa, 

October 27th., 1779. 

Sir, 

I am to request you will be pleased to acquaint 
their lordships, that, in obedience to the orders I 
received from Sir Peter Parker, I sailed from Port 
Royal early in the morning of the 8th. of September 
last, and being joined in a few hours after by the 
Pomona, Lowestoffe, and Racehorse schooner, bore 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I779. I 79 

away for the Spanish main, which, however, I was not 
able to reach, owing to calms and baffling winds, until 
the fifteenth. The next day we go to Rattan ; and 
being apprehensive that the enemy's Register ships 
might pass to windward, and along their own shore, 
in case I carried all the squadron towards George's 
Key, I ordered Capt. Nugent, who was well ac- 
quainted at that place, to take the Racehorse up to 
George's Key, to procure, as expeditiously as possible, 
the most skilful pilots for Omoa and gulph of Dulce. 
Having so done, he was directed to join his ship at 
Key Boquel ; then to repair to Glover's Reef, where I 
waited his arrival, having anchored the Charon and 
Lowestofife there on the 19th. instant. The Monday 
morning following I had the mortification to learn by 
a boat which had escaped from George's Key, that 
it had been taken by the Spaniards five days, which 
niade me very doubtful respecting the safety of Capt. 
Nugent ; but I was relieved from that anxiety a few 
hours afterwards by the Pomona and Racehorse 
schooner appearing in sight. Upon their joining me 
with the pilots, I bore away for the gulph of Dulce, 
where we arrived in the evening of the 2 2d. There 
was no vessel of any nation to be seen in the gulph ; 
I therefore, attended by the Capts. Parker and Nugent, 
with the marines of the squadron, and a party of sea- 
n^en in the boats, pushed up the river, and landed at 
the Spanish warehouses before twelve that night, but 
found them totally abandoned and empty, except the 
remains of a few provisions, which seemed to indicate 
that the people had not been long gone. On the 23d. 
*^ the morning, I sent a number of men from the ships 
to the Racehorse, and directed Lieut. Trott to make 
the best of his way to Omoa, to reconnoitre the 
strength of the place, and to look for the ships which 
had sailed from Dulce, concluding that they would be 
found at that part. The next morning the Racehorse 
joined me at sea ; from her I learned that the three 
ships were at anchor under the fort — two of them with 



l8o DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 779- 

all an end, and the third with her yards and topmasts 
struck — and that the fortification did not appear to be 
a very strong one. Elate at the information, I made 
sail for Omoa, and getting close off the Port by twelve 
o'clock at night, would have persuaded the pilot to 
have carried us in, which he luckily refused ; for the 
next day when we came to approach the fortification, 
I found it was much too formidable an aspect to prom- 
ise success by an attempt to force it ; nor indeed 
would it have answered any good end, for the ships 
had all their yards and topmasts struck, and were 
lying up a creek, where we could not get at them had 
we even silenced nearly forty pieces of cannon which 
presented themselves to our view from the different 
batteries. The only hope, therefore, which remained 
of our being masters of these ships arose from a chance 
that we might catch them off Cape Antonio before 
our cruise terminated, which, in the possibility of 
events, I thought might happen ; and I was making 
the best of my way with the ships to that station, 
stopping only two or three days to complete my water 
in the Bay of Truxillo, and to learn a further state of 
the English inhabitants in the Bay of Honduras. 

I have now the pleasure to inform you of the fortu- 
nate escape of Capt. Nugent out of the hands of the 
Spaniards, and of the subsequent services performed 
by him at George's Key, where he arrived in the 
Racehorse in the evening of the 19th., having left the 
Pomona, as I directed, at Key Boquel. Capt. Nugent 
approached the shore in his boat, without the least 
suspicion that the Key was in the hands of the enemy ; 
but before he could land, the boat was attacked by a 
number of batteaux ; and when taken possession of 
by the Spaniards was nearly sinking, having received 
three shot through her, luckily without hurting any- 
body. But Capt. Nugent and his people were made 
prisoners ; and when he got on shore, there was a 
parade for execution, such as a scaffold and a guard 
of soldiers, for it was understood to be the orders with 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, \^^^. l8l 

which the Spaniards came to attack the settlement, 
that everybody that was conquered, and had made 
resistance, should be put to death. But when they 
inquired, and found Capt. Nugent, who had no arms 
in the boat, and did not resist, they contented them- 
selves with blindfolding, stripping, and handcuffing 
him; he was confined with his boat's crew in a close 
prison. During their operations, a great number of 
batteaux, assisted by an armed schooner, attacked the 
Racehorse, and attempted to board her ; but she was 
so gallantly and obstinately defended by Lieut. Trott, 
his officers and people, that the Spaniards were re- 
pulsed with great slaughter. On board the Racehorse 
two men only were killed and three wounded. When 
the Racehorse had beaten off the Spaniards, she re- 
paired immediately to bring up the Pomona from Key 
Boquel ; and as soon as the frigate appeared in sight, 
the Spaniards, to the amount of about 500, took to 
their craft, and quitted the Key with great precipita- 
tion, leaving Capt. Nugent, his people, and the inhab- 
itants, in close confinement, from which they released 
themselves ; and Capt. Nugent in his boat retook pos- 
session of a brig which was aground, and the Span- 
iards had captured when they came into the harbour. 
This brig, at the solicitation of the inhabitants who 
had furnished her with seamen, Capt. Nugent armed, 
^iid sent to the river Belez to cover the embarkation 
of the property there belonging to the English set- 
tlers ; with directions that she should, after perform- 
iiig that service, repair in quest of the ships under my 
command, and, in case of not meeting with us, make 
the best of their way to Jamaica. Thinking this in- 
formation too incomplete to dispatch the Racehorse 
with to Jamaica, I directed Lieut. Trott, as soon as 
we had quitted Omoa, to go in quest of the brig to 
the river Belez, and afterwards to repair to George's 
Key, and land the people who had served as pilots, 
and were desirous of being put on shore there ; and 
after making such other enquiries as I thought neces- 



1 82 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I 779- 

sary to direct him so to do, I ordered her to join the 
squadron in the bay of Tnixillo, where she arrived the 
4th. of October, and informed me that the brig, armed 
by Capt Nugent, had nearly collected the different 
settlers in the bay ; that 70 of them were on board, 
and more than 200 under her escort in small craft ; 
and that he had directed them to Tnixillo, in their 
way to Black River. They, however, did not appear 
while I was there : and the King's ships being wooded 
and watered. I put to sea with them, having directed 
Lieut. Trott to give ever)' assistance in his power 
lovands forwarding the brig with the baymen to Black 
R:ver 00 the Mosquito shore, if they arrived at Trux- 
iSo whiie he was taking in his water. The pilots of 
trie Racehorse carried to George s Key, finding no 
KEn^'s vessels there, or security' for their persons, left 
:t : and the inhabitants of ever}- settlement we claim 
tn the bay relinquished their property, not thinking it 
tenable against the superior numbers of the Spaniards, 
and were removing as fast as possible, some to Ja- 
maica, but the major part of them to Black River on 
the Mosquito shore. In this disagreeable situation 
were things in the bay of Honduras when I left it 
upon the 4th. of October; but on the 7th. fortune 
changed her face upon us, and presented to our view 
the Porcupine sloop of war, having under her convoy 
a detachment of troops belonging to the Loyal Irish, 
and some Mosquito Indians under the command of 
Captain Commandant Dalrymple, who was as desirous 
as myself of making a land and sea attack upon the 
^^rri'son of Omoa and the Spanish galleons. I there- 
fore took immediate measures to secure the services 
of these people, who had been driven from St. George s 
Key, by making sail myself for Truxillo. and dispatch- 
ing the frigates to Bonaccoa and Utilla, in quest of our 
vessels with the baymen. Lieut. Trott, of the Race- 
horse, I sent to Rattan on the same service. They 
all returned to me with expedition and success, bring- 
ing a reinforcement of 25o men. We forthwith set to 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, \^^^. 183 

work, made escalading ladders, fascines, sand-bags, 
and every other requisite in our power for carrying 
on a siege. Having settled the plan of attack, I gave 
full instructions to the Captains and officers who were 
to carry it into execution ; and in the morning of the 
loth. of October, I sailed with the Lowestoffe, Po- 
mona, Porcupine, Racehorse, three schooners, and a 
number of small craft, for Porto Cavallo bay, and 
anchored the fleet there close in shore. 

On the evening of the i6th., Capt. Pakenham, to 
whom I intrusted the command of landing the troops, 
executed my orders in so officerlike and expeditious a 
manner that the whole was formed and marched from 
the beach before eleven o'Clock that night. From the 
intricacy of the roads, and other circumstances, our 
troops were prevented from making any great progress 
before the next morning, when they pushed forward 
with great alacrity to gain the commanding ground on 
the Governor's house ; and having driven away the 
Spaniards, who contended for the possession of it, we 
occupied that very important post, but was so annoyed 
by the enemy's musketry from the town as to compel 
our troops to set fire to it. In the midst of the flames 
I arrived off the harbour of Omoa ; and the wind, I 
flattered myself, would have carried us close to the 
enemy's batteries. I therefore made the signal for the 
Lowestoffe to lead us to action ; it was obeyed by Capt. 
Parker with alacrity and spirit. When we opened the 
Eastern point, the enemy began to fire at the Lowe- 
stoffe, Charon, Pomona, and Porcupine ; but no shot 
were returned till their guns had so lulled the wind 
as to leave us little prospect of getting nearer to 
them ; so that, rather to cover ourselves from their 
aim by smoke than to look for success from a distant 
cannonade, the Charon and Lowestoffe began to fire. 
The Pomona was not able to get within reach of her 
guns, and as soon as I had the power I laid the ship's 
Read to the offing. A breeze springing up soon after 
to the northward, I made the signal to tack, thinking 



l84 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 779- 

we should certainly fetch where we wished to do ; in 
this, however, we were disappointed, the wind baffling 
and forsaking us. The Lowestoffe ran ashore, and 
received a heavy fire from the enemy, but she got off 
again ; before our boats could get to their assistance 
her hull, masts, and yards were so much disabled as 
to oblige me to send her to anchor to leeward, and 
there refit. The Charon's rudder was choked by a 
shot, which filled the space between it and the stern- 
post with splinters ; part of her wheel was shot away, 
and the mizzen-mast badly wounded. On the i8th., 
Capt Dalrymple being anxious for artillery being sent 
up to a battery he was constructing on the Governor's 
hill, I ordered the guns from the Porcupine to be 
landed ; they were drawn up by the sailors through a 
heavy road, and up a steep ascent, to a spot where 
they did notable execution. But our time being pre- 
cious from various considerations, and the heat of 
the climate making this duty more fatiguing to our 
people, it was concluded on, between Capt. Dalrymple 
and myself, to attempt an escalade the following morn- 
ing, and the Kings ships to co-operate by cannon- 
admg the wall against the sea. I made the signal 
settled for the attack. I weighed at three o'Clock, 
the Pomona and Lowestoffe standing for the eastern, 
and the Charon for the western angle of the fort, 
which I began to cannonade ; when Capt. Dalrymple, 
in a most gallant and exemplary manner, stormed on 
the land side with the seamen and marines, and sub- 
dued the enemy with the loss of little blood. We 
took immediate possession of two registered ships 
richly laden, which, with the cargoes of other vessels of 
less note, will amount to the sum of three millions 
of piasters (or dollars). The fort is an amazing pile 
of building ; the greatest part of it is an admirable 
fort of stone, the remainder is brick. It has cost to 
the Spaniards twenty-five years' labour, and the lives 
of thousands of their subjects. Since it has been 
taken, we are astonished, from the strength of it, that 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I 779- 1 85 

it was so easily vanquished. The Spanish Governor 
is very solicitous to ransom the fort, and has offered 
three hundred thousand dollars for it. The two 
hundred and fifty quintals of quicksilver which came 
from Old Spain, and which we have now taken, the 
Spaniards would have bought at any price, saying they 
would give double the value of it, because they should 
have no other means to work any of the valuable 
mines in the province. Their reasons for wishing it 
determined me not to part from a single ounce of the 
quicksilver, nor would I consent to ransom the fort. 
The number of prisoners in the enemy's fort, you will 
find by the inclosed return, far exceeded the troops 
that stormed it, and whose undaunted behaviour has 
added so much lustre to the British arms. Their 
humanity has not been less conspicuous than their 
braver>' ; nor can there be a greater contrast than 
between the treatment received by the King's subjects 
at George's Key which surrendered at discretion, and 
the Spanish garrison of Omoa though taken by storm. 
Capt. Dalrymple's orders and my wishes have been 
punctually obeyed, even by the Mosquito men, and 
those of Honduras that received such ill treatment. 
Proper respect has been shown to the Governor, Span- 
ish officers, soldiers, and inhabitants ; neither clothes, 
watches, pocket money, or other effects have been 
taken from these prisoners. The ornaments of the 
church the captors have agreed to give back if the 
Spanish Court does punctually comply with the agree- 
ment respecting the exchange of prisoners. The 
uniform bravery and good conduct of all the officers 
and seamen under my command may make it appear 
ungracious to mark particular people ; but the services 
rendered by Capt. Pakenham and Lieut. Trott call for 
my most earnest recommendation of them to their 
Lordships' favour. The former gentleman, who is the 
bearer of these dispatches, can give more perfect in- 
formation respecting the reduction of this fort and 
settlement. Capt. Nugent has exerted himself upon 



l85 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 779- 

every point of duty in a distinguished manner. I am 
not acquainted with the merits of individuals that 
served on shore, except that Commandant Dalrymple 
is certainly entitled to infinite honour and praise for 
the gallant manner in which he led the troops to the 
escalade. Capt. Garden exhibited many proofs of his 
abilities as an engineer and a soldier. I must leave 
it with Captain Commandant Dalrymple to give due 
praise to all those whose services on shore call for it ; 
he will, I am sure, take notice of Lieut Wightman, 
of the marines, who was wounded under the enemy's 
walls, and of all those who have deserved it at his 
hands. I have the pleasure to assure their Lordships 
that the most perfect harmony and co-operation have 
subsisted between the King's troops employed at sea 
and on shore. Such services as have been in my 
power to render my country, I trust, will prove accept- 
able to his Majesty. 

I am, Sir, 

Your very humble servant, 

John Luttrell. 

A return of the killed and wounded on board his 
Majesty's ships Charon, Lowestoffe, and Porcupine, in 
an action against the Catholic King s fort of St. Ferdi- 
nando de Omoa, on the 17th. of Oct., 1779 • 

Charon, i killed, 6 wounded ; Lowestoffe, 3 killed, 5 
wounded ; Porcupine, i killed. 

A return of the killed and wounded on board the 
Racehorse armed vessel at St. George's Key, in the 
Bay of Honduras, the 13th. of Sept., 1779: 

Racehorse, 2 killed, 5 wounded. 

The return of the garrison and of the artillery and 
stores are the same as printed above. 

— Almons Remembrancer, IX., 50. 

(Private.) Jamaica, Oct. 20th., 1779. 

Sir : 

I appoint you fo a command because I think you 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 779- 187 

a good Officer, equal to the task, and in order that by 
such an Expedition you may have a right to demand 
what the soldier thirsts for — honour and rank ; that 
having chosen you for the above purpose, I expect a 
thorough obedience to all my orders ; that you cor- 
respond on public matters with no one but myself, 
and I farther insist that even, should opportunity offer, 
you take not on yourself, on any account whatever, 
to transmit the least information of your operations 
home, but to me only. Every assistance in my power 
you may depend upon. Should it so happen that I 
perceive a deviation from what is required, 'tis ingenu- 
ous, and according to my nature, to be open with you, 
and be assured a superior Officer will be sent down ; 
but I am convinced there will not be occasion, and 
that at the same time you are gathering Laurels for 
yourself you will ever consider yourself as acting from 
my authority, and that the friendship and esteem I 
have manifested for you will produce everything I 
could wish, or expect. Health and success be your 
portion. I am, &c., 

John Dalling. 
To Captain Commandant William Dalrymple. 

Instructions to Captain Commandant Dalrymple 

sent after him. 

Jamaica, Oct. the 20th., 1779. 

Sir: 

Mr. Collins, who is the bearer of these dispatches 
to you, and will give you every information as to my 
intentions, is both capable and willing. I therefore 
recommend him to your countenance and protection, 
and I think it most advisable for you at present not to 
undertake anything. 

You will prepare as many Indians and White people 
33 you can for an Expedition intended to take place 
about the middle of January, that being fixed on as 
the most proper time, and acquaint me as soon as pos- 
sible of the number of each to be depended on. 



1 88 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I 779- 

Everything thought necessary will be sent from 
Jamaica, and you will have early notice of the sailing 
of the troops from hence, in order to form a junction 
in the harbour of St. Juan ; immediately on its taking 
place you may find it right to erect Batteries and 
throw up such other works as may be thought neces- 
sary for the defence of that Harbour, as well as to 
fortify a place up the River for the security of Pro- 
visions and Stores. When these things are finished, or 
finishing, you will push for the fort at the entrance of 
the Lake, and, after taking it, launch the Vessels as 
speedily as possible, so as to command it. 

Your next object, I should think, will be getting pos- 
session of the town of Granada at the opposite end, 
and if possible that of Leon, but your own judgement 
must direct you according to those circumstances ; 
it would perhaps be better to ransom the towns and 
other places to the westward of the Lake, keeping pos- 
session of that. You will find one of the Islands in 
the Lake cultivated, with a number of Indians upon it. 
Mr. Collins will point it out; it will be very necessary 
to secure and strengthen it. 

Every means must be used to gain the good-will of 
the Indians, and a proclamation issued, holding out 
advantages to the Spaniards, Indians, and others ; 
insuring the safety of their produce, opening a com- 
merce with them, and assuring all that they shall be 
established in the conquered country, supported by 
the Arms of the King of Great Britain, and be exoner- 
ated from taxes of every kind. 

You will take with you as many carpenters, who 
have been used to putting together or building Ves- 
sels, as you can muster. 

I shall give Mr. Collins a commission to command 
the Vessels on the Lake, and will send other commis- 
sions to the Shore, to be filled up by you and the 
Superintendent ; and entirely approve of the Scheme 
of raising the Black River Company. 

I shall send you some Volunteers and Soldiers 



I,.- 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1779- 1 89 

under the command of Ensign Schomberg, of the 79th. 
Regiment, who is to act under Lieut. Garden. The 
Volunteers' Officers must be kept as separately as pos- 
sible from the King s Troops, as their rank is to extend 
no farther than their own body. . 

I think that 150 Regulars, 200 Volunteers, 200 
Shore and Daymen, with 700 Indians, will be a force 
sufficient to undertake the Expedition ; and I make no 
doubt but many accidental people will join so as to 
augment the force to 1,500. I must beg your opinion 
immediately on this head. 

I have appointed Mr. Hercules Ross General Agent 
for everything relative to the Shore and Bay ; all JBills 
must therefore be drawn on him. Anything you may 
think necessary, which has not been sent from this, 
you will provide ; at the same time I must recommend 
to you the strictest economy. 

The Gaptain s Gommission for the Black Gompany 
of the Shore I send you blank, as I think the Super- 
intendent should have the compliment of filling it up, 
and I make no doubt but he will appoint a proper 
person. The Lieutenant's Gommission shall be sent 
to be filled up by you. On the return of Gollins I 
shall forward to you a particular Gommission for your- 
self, as well as one for Engineer Garden. 

October the 29th. 

I am extremely sorry for the loss of St. George's 
Key ; but the Spanish Government, being determined 
to break with us in spite of our generous conduct and 
attention to them as a neutral Nation, of course could 
give the necessary intimation of war to their Golonies 
before it was in our power to do the same. However, 
no time was lost on our side. It is supposed that 
advice was delayed being sent to the Bay by the Mos- 
quito Settlers from interested views ; indeed, it is evi- 
dent from the Superintendent's letter, which mentions 
the arrival of the advice-Boat from this Island at Gape 
Gracias a Dios on the 29th. August, and the Key was 



I90 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I 779. 

not taken till the 15th. of September; therefore, the 
delay was unpardonable, as, had an advice- Boat been 
immediately sent there, the Settlers would have had 
time to prepare for the defence of the Key, and in all 
probability have saved it, or at least saved them- 
selves, from captivity. 

The expense of Mr. Hoare's Schooner, as well as 
the Indian Crafts, must be allowed, the obviously 
tending to the general good. 

As all men that can be got will be wanted for the 
serious purpose of the intended expedition, the object 
of Rattan Island, however worthy of consideration, 
must at present give way to it ; and as to the fortify- 
ing Truxillo, I flatter myself the Spaniard will find 
such employment elsewhere that the Shore need not 
be under the least apprehension. Torry, I also be- 
lieve, will turn out a bugbear. I am not sorry that 
the attack against Baccalar is to be laid aside. 

Mr. Shakespeare will be ordered to the St. Bias 
Indians with the necessary presents, and with direc- 
tions to join you at . 

Your own judgment must direct you as to the uses 
to be made of the Indians. Improperly made use of, 
they will be of no service ; if otherwise, I suppose they 
will not only be necessary, but even of the greatest 
consequence. 

I wish to have your opinion whether Cape Gracias 
a Dios or Bluefields will be the most proper place of 
rendezvous for the intended Expedition. 

The Superintendent has been informed that you 
have directions to communicate my dispatches to him ; 
I flatter myself you will find him in every respect 
ready, and with a knowledge of matters from which 
you will draw all necessary uses. 

You were made acquainted, I believe, before your 
departure from this Island, that Government intended 
sending out a quantity of arms and ammunition for 
the freebooters and Indians, which, I flatter myself, 
will arrive before the month of January; but, for fear 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 779- IQI 

they should not, I am now collecting some arms and 
presents, with everything which you will want for the 
Settlers and Indians ; they shall be forwarded to you 
in small parcels, apprehensive of accidents in the 
passage. After your having had all necessary com- 
munication with Collins, you will forthwith direct his 
return to me, as I shall be very anxious to have your 
opinion of every matter relative to my views, and that 
we may hit the time in which operations can be only 
carried on in particular parts of the world with any 
probability of success. 

Mr. !^oss will forward to you an account of what 
Stores Collins has on board. All other necessary 
matters will be getting in readiness during his absence. 
Your brother has requested to be employed. I think 
I cannot do a more agreeable thing to you than to 
join you. The Spanish Proclamation shall be sent 
down to you. 

John Dalling. 

Instructions to Capt. Poison. 

You are to proceed to Cape Gracias a Dios, where 
you are to conform yourself in every respect to the 
orders lately transmitted to Captain-Commandant 
Dalrymple, who is supposed to have gone to Europe, 
of which orders the foregoing is a copy. 

You will make it your business to have an interview 
with the Superintendent as soon as possible, with 
whom you will consult as to everything whereby the 
intended Expedition may be facilitated ; and, as our 
operations must commence sometime in January, and 
consequently dispatch is indispensably necessary, I 
must Desire the utmost activity in forwarding matters 
on your part ; on mine, nothing shall be wanting from 
this Island. 

I give you Commissions for the Black Company 
raised on the Mosquito Shore, and also Commissions 
for any Gentlemen of the Shore or Bay who may be 
willing to join in the intended Expedition. 



192 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I 779. 

I make no doubt but the Superintendent will give 
with ardour every possible assistance. I wish to know 
in what light he would like to be considered, that I 
may do what will be satisfactory to him, which I pre- 
sume will be conducive to the good of the Service. 
Your attention to him, for the same good end, will, I 
dare say, be generously given. 

The rank given to volunteers is necessary to keep 
up a due subordination among themselves, intended to 
give them pay with the Regulars, and a share of what- 
ever booty may be taken from the Enemy according 
to such rank ; but it is not meant that they^ should 
rank in any shape with the King's Regular Forces. 
The Rank given to the Staff and Engineers on the 
Expedition is not to extend to the Line, where they 
are only to do Dutj according to the Dates of their 
Commissions from His Majesty. 

It is possible that Captain-Commandant Dalrymple 
may have proceeded in quest of his Brother to Omoa, 
though I hope he has landed his men and Stores at 
the Cape, according to orders ; Should it be otherwise, 
Lieut. Mounsey had directions for his return to the 
Shore, in order to make the most speedy junction with 
the Superintendent. Full directions, on such a neces- 
sity, will be found in the instructions to Captain-Com- 
mandant Dalrymple, lately forwarded by Mr. Collins, 
whose return I anxiously long for, as he must necessa- 
rily bring me information respecting the number of 
men that may be depended upon from the Shore and 
the Bay, exclusive of Indians. 

Mr. Shakespeare is sailed for the St. Bias Indians, 
with presents, in order to know what may be depended 
upon from them. 

By the time you get down to the Shore, I hope Mr. 
Mounsey will be returned from Omoa, and that he will 
present you with your Commission to take the com- 
mand on the Continent ; but should Captain-Com- 
mandant Dalrymple be still there and expediting mat- 
ters with the Superintendent, then you may return to 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I 779- I93 

me, though I would rather wish you to continue second 
in command and desire that Captain-Commandant Dal- 
rymple may appoint you to the most important place 
which may fall into his hands — the more advanced the 
better, that the active service of so good an officer may 
not be too immediately lost. 

Enclosed you have a power for holding General 
Courts Martial. 

Perhaps you may find that the Corn Islands or that 
of Providence should be chosen for the rendezvous. 

Pilots shall be sent down for the Coast. 

The Corps of Carpenters you will find useful in 
many respects ; for, should the vessel now preparing 
be inadequate to the purposes intended, these people, 
taking with them whatever is necessary for putting 
Vessels together, will be able to prepare such as may 
be wanted for the command of the Lake, in a very 
short space of time after your possessing Fort St. Juan. 

There appear to be rivers communicating from the 
South side of the Lake near to the above Fort, with 
the Golfo de las Salinas on the Southern ocean in the 
province of Costa Rica, taking the Cities between the 
Lake and Gulf, and that it would not be difficult to go 
from thence up the River Carthago, and after taking 
the City of that name to return by Carpenter's River 
(Rio Matina) to the North Sea. 

This Expedition may either be undertaken in conse- 
quence of not being able to get farther than the Fort 
St. Juan, taking that Fort or not; or by detachment 
after possessing the Fort and the Lake. 

Perhaps, if you find Carthago an object of sufficient 
importance, it may be advisable to proceed against it 
from Carpenters River in preference to the above 
route; but this I leave to your own judgment, from 
the information you will be able to procure on the Spot. 

In case matters should have been at all attended to 
on the Shore, I see hardly a possibility of not succeed- 
ing in whole or in part ; but should it unfortunately turn 
out, from the Superintendent's remissness, the want 

VOL. II— 13 



194 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 779. 

of a sufficient strength, or any other cause, that the 
undertaking is too great for the Force which may be 
collected, I then direct you, rather than remain idle, 
to make any other attack from which honour may 
accrue to His Majesty's Arms, and detriment arise to 
our Enemy. I would, however, in all events, have you 
well consider the importance of my first object, which 
must not be relinquished but after the most mature 
consideration. 

On reflection, the Officers of Provincial or volunteer 
Companies must have some rank with the King's 
Troops during the service, and I judge it expedient, 
therefore, that Ensigns of the Regulars shall rank with 
Lieutenants of such companies, Lieutenants of Regu- 
lars with Captains, and Captains of Regulars with all 
Field Officers. 

Accurate Drafts and surveys of all Places are to be 
taken by the gentlemen who act as Engineers, and I 
beg they may be kept closely to this business when- 
ever not otherwise employed, that such drawings and 
surveys may be transmitted to me (keeping copies of 
them), and that you recommend to them the necessity 
of preserving such things with all possible secrecy. I 
wish you to be most careful of all species of Provisions, 
endeavouring to supply your forces with fresh when- 
ever in your power, which I am told will not be diffi- 
cult; fish you will find in abundance, and Salt you will 
have with you. 

1 recommend that the second in command be made 
acquainted with your instruction from the beginning 
to the end ; that he be master of all determinations 
between you and the Superintendent ; and that in case 
fort St. Juan should fall into your hands, you put it 
immediately into the best state of defence, remain- 
ing there yourself, and forwarding him on all services 
you may then think necessary for the glory of His 
Majesty's Arms, or proceeding yourself leaving to him 
the command of that Garrison. You go forth. Sir, 
amply supplied with everything you can possibly stand 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I 779- IqS 

in need of, and your instructions I conceive to be as 
explicit as the case will admit of. However, it being 
impossible to instruct or advise as to many circum- 
stances which must necessarily in future arise, I have a 
thorough confidence both in your conduct and pru; 
dence, and of consequence you may be assured not 
only of my approbation, but support. I need not point 
out to you, who have been so much used to service, 
that deference and respect due to the opinion of the 
naval power which the admiral maybe pleased to send 
down with you. 

I have appointed James Thompson to the command 
of the Black River Company on a supposition that the 
Superintendent, being put at the head of the Volun- 
teers of the Shore and Bay, as well as the whole body 
of Indians, would choose to waive the command of that 
particular Company, to which he otherwise would have 
been appointed. 

In case only one Officer should be dispatched from 
the Shore, and he of the Navy, I should wish him to 
deliver my Dispatch at F'ort Charles ; in case he should 
be of the Army, then he is immediately to put his 
Dispatches for the Admiral on board the Flag-ship, 
and repair to me ; in either case, or should two Offi- 
cers be sent, 'twill be very necessary, and according 
to military ideas, that they should be instructed not to 
reveal any kind of intelligence, until the sanction of 
the Commanders here be first had ; care likewise should 
be taken that the people coming up with them should 
be enjoined to secrecy. 

I must again request of you to pay the greatcfst 
attention to your provisions and stores of all kinds, 
as well those already forwarded to the Cape, as those 
you carry with you ; and I also beg your attention to 
the following paragraph in the last dispatch from the 
Superintendent of the Shore, that ** the commanding 
Ofificer on the Expedition should be instructed to 
avoid giving any disgust to the Indians, by depriving 
them of their private plunder, which might occasion a 



196 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 779. 

general defection, and prove fatal to the enterprise." 
To this I must add my positive directions to all offi- 
cers serving under you, that they interfere not in any 
respect whatever with the Indians but from your 
orders, and that they take every step that the soldiers 
have little connection with them, in order to avoid the 
possibility of disgust on their side ; this to be inculcated 
in the most strong manner, with assurance that a 
neglect of so necessary a piece of duty will produce 
dismission to the Officers of the volunteers, and trial 
by a General Court Martial to the Officers of the 
King's Regular Forces. The necessity of keeping 
such people in good humour is obvious ; inconsisten- 
cies and even absurdities from them must not be 
combated. 

The more immediately you depart from the place of 
general rendezvous the better, for the more feeble 
and less prepared you will find the Enemy to be; and 
I would advise the proceeding, even if the whole 
expected force should not be gathered together, rather 
than the Enemy should have time, after your arrival, 
to penetrate your design in consequence of delay. 

John Dalling. 



List of Troops in the Expedition, 1779. 

Capt. Poison, Colonel and Commander in Chief, 
60th. Regiment ; Lieut. Mounsey, Adjutant-General, 
79th. Regiment; Capt. Hallam, Deputy Quarter 
Master General, 60th. Regiment ; Lieut. Despard, 
Engineer, 79th. Regiment; Ensign Schomberg, Sub- 
Engineer, 79th. Regiment; Thomas Dancer, Surgeon- 
General ; Gallagher, Hospital Mate ; Alexander Shaw, 
Commissary of Provisions and Deputy Agent ; Samuel 
Jones, Store Keeper of Artillery; Napier, Lieutenant 
Fire worker; Triple and Munro, Conductors of Artil- 
lery. 

60th. Regiment, or Royal American Regiment of 
Foot : Lieut. George Browne. Lieut. James Fahey, 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. I97 

Lieut. Patrick Haldimand, Lieut. Edward Davis, 3 
Serjeants, 5 Corporals, 3 Drummers and Fifers, t"] 
Privates. 

79th. Regiment, or Royal Liverpool Volunteers : 
Capt. Andrew Despard, Capt. Richard Bulkely, Lieut. 
William Colvill, Lieut. Vesey Knox, Lieut. Thomas 
Mounsey, Lieut. Crisp Chand. Gascoyne, Lieut. 
Thomas Owen Leigh, Ensign Tymperley, 9 Serjeants, 
9 Corporals, 4 Drummers and Fifers, 159 Privates. 

Loyal Irish Corps : Capt. William Causab. Har- 
rison, Capt. Samuel Dalrymple, Capt. Edmond Harte, 
Lieut. Daniel Leo, Lieut. Christopher Dowlin, Ensign 
W. Sheldon, 4 Serjeants, 3 Corporals, 3 Drummers 
and Fifers, 96 Privates. 

General Return of Troops encamped on Wanks 
Savannah, Feb. 28, 1780: 

Regulars. Officers, 27; Subalterns, 16; Drummers, 
7 ; Rank and File, 349. 

Artillery, Officers, 4. 

Vohmteers. Officers, 18; Subalterns, 14; Drum- 
mers. 8 ; Rank and File, 183. 

State of the Mosquito Shore Volunteers, Capt. 
David Lamb's report of the Black River Company, 
James Lawrie, Major Commandant, March, 1780. 

Number that actually came to St. John's on the 
Expedition : Capt. James Thomson's Company. — 7 
officers, 2 Drummers, 33 privates. Capt. Edward 
Caddie's Company. — 26 privates, 3 dead. 

Volunteers not Embodied, 22 privates. 

Indian Department. — 3 Captains (viz.: Daniel 
Lamb, J. Wright, J. Potts) and Lieut. Patterson. 

N. B. Capt. Lamb of the Indian Department and 
Ensign S. House held each two Commissions — the 
first an Adjutant, and the latter Quarter Master. 



Instructions for Colonel Kemble. 
On your arrival at St. John's Harbour, the security 



IgH rXKL'MEN'TS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I 780. 

of that post will become the first object of your atten- 
tion. Should Col. Poison have overlooked its conse- 
quence, or omitted due regard to its security, you are 
immediately to rectify deficiencies, and strengthen its 
defence by the additional number of heavy cannon 
sent with vou on this occasion. 

It may be necessary in general to suggest that all 
Batteries for the defence of harbours ought to be 
situated on the highest possible ground, and distant 
three hundred yards from the nearest approach of any 
Ship which may be brought against it ; those bat- 
teries ought to be always shut up in the rear, either 
with a breast work or Stockade, to prevent the possi- 
bility of a Surprise, and the whole surrounded by an 
Abbatis. 

The Castle of St. John's will become the Second 
object of your attention, although there is scarcely a 
doubt but it has fallen to the troops under Col. Pol- 
son ; yet, Should it be otherwise, the utmost expedition 
must be used in forwarding to him the two Royal 
Howitzers, with their mortar beds, sent with you on 
this occasion, which are by far the best kind of Artil- 
lery' for reducing a Castle of that nature, with a moral 
degree of Certainty. That post in your possession, 
you are to fortify it in the best manner possible, and 
if it commands a landing place on the Lake of Nica- 
ragua, give strength to its defence, to render that 
landing permanently secure. 

Should the Castle of St. John's be too far retired 
to give absolute protection to such boats and armed 
craft as are already launched into the Lake of Nica- 
ragua, redoubts must be erected on the most advan- 
tageous grounds commanding such a landing place. 
Redoubts with a large block house in each, of which 
I send you a plan and section, are by far the best 
kind of works for a service of this kind ; they are best 
adapted to extreme varieties of broken ground, may 
be made of Logs of Wood or Earth, with little labour, 
and so placed as to afford material reciprocal defence 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I780. I99 

in case of an Attack ; 50 Men are enough for each of 
those redoubts. 

If you can muster a sufficiency of armed craft and 
Vessels for transporting your force across the Lake of 
Nicaragua, and that your Intelligence is such that 
give you the most sanguine hopes of success against 
Granada, the attack of that city may be proceeded 
upon with the utmost dispatch ; Leon and Realejo 
attempted under the same favourable impressions, but 
you are to consider Realejo the ultimatum of your 
pursuit at this juncture. 

Should the state of the Enemy's force appear too 
powerful for the execution of the whole or part of 
these enterprises with effect, and of which you may 
have very accurate information by scout boats sent 
alongside of the Lake of Nicaragua, you ought to 
bend your attention to the village of Nicaragua, on 
the River Partido, lay hold of the post, and with the 
utmost accuracy and precision examine the country 
between the Lake and the Southern Ocean, how far 
it is capable of being occupied as a stronghold ; its 
advantages and disadvantages in that respect ; and the 
probability of maintaining a force there in spite of 
the Spaniards ; whether there is any Bay on the South- 
ern continent, opposite to it, capable of containing a 
fleet of Ships ; if the soundings in it are good ; the 
country healthy and sufficiently supplied with Water 
and Wood for the purposes of a fleet and army sta- 
tioned there. 

Another object of your early attention ought to be, 
to take post on one of the most fertile Islands in the 
Lake of Nicaragua possessing a safe, commodious 
harbour for your small craft ; this Island ought also to 
be secured with redoubts above the power of risk or 
insult. 

By establishing a chain of posts of this nature, and 
by which your communications may be kept up with 
safety, you will have it in your power to act with 
double energy and success against the Spaniard, and 



20O DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I780. 

can retire with security into any strongholds, should 
he press you with unexpected Superiority. 
; The health of the troops ought at all times to become 
the chief object of your care; no opportunity ought 
to be lost or labour spared to effect that valuable pur- 
pose. Whilst the Carpenters are employed in erect- 
ing proper sheds and houses for their residence, 
provisions and live stock of every kind ought to be 
collected from the neighbourhood, and a depot formed 
for each of the posts which you have determined to 
occupy. 

Your armed Vessels ought to be constantly em- 
ployed in Sweeping the Lake of Nicaragua in every 
direction, as well for the purpose of intelligence as for 
destroying ^ny force the Enemy may attempt to show 
in opposition to you afloat. 

A thorough knowledge of the Seasons with respect 
to land operations on that side of the continent, as 
well as those for the fleet on the Southern coast and 
your armed craft upon the Lake, ought to be minutely 
and accurately ascertained. 

Four dispatch canoes, with a Swivel in the bow of 
each, and some armed Sailors ought constantly to ply 
from Fort St. John's to the mouth of the riyer, for the 
purpose of maintaining your communication with the 
troops left in post at the harbour of St. John's, and to 
give the earliest intelligence of the Enemy's motions 
on that Side ; the like attention ought to be paid to 
the posts which you may find necessary to establish 
on the Lake. 

Should the Enemy during the absence of the Ships 
of War from St. John's harbour appear with such a 
Superior force as may not be in your power to com- 
bat, or should they ever cut off the detachment at the 
harbour of St. John's before it is in your power to 
succour them, then you are not to think your situation 
desperate ; their progress up the river may be disputed 
inch by inch ; your forts and redoubts can be defended 
handsomely, and when every exertion in that respect 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 20I 

is found ineffectual, which can only take place after 
infinite labour and difficulties to them, you can retreat, 
to your Island by means of the Craft in your posses- 
sion, and maintain yourself there for a considerable 
length of time ; dealing destruction to their Army 
by fatigues and distress, whilst the movements of your 
detachment will become easy and secure. 

As there is, however, a possibility of your quitting 
that station, and as a very superior force may, by 
cutting off your retreat by St. John's, at last oblige 
you to withdraw yourself from the Lake of Nicaragua, 
it is necessary to know that you can retreat either by 
the way of Indian River or Bluefields, as the nature 
of your information on the spot may best direct your 
footsteps. Mena is but three days* march from Blue- 
fields river, and as it is but an Indian track or path, 
your Artillery and stores must be either sunk or 
destroyed before such an alternative is adopted. 

But as there is not the least probability that the 
Spaniards will either have power or activity to reduce 
your detachment to that extremity, you will remain 
quietly in that post, and wait the issue of future 
orders from me respecting farther operations on the 
Lake. 

In the communication of these Orders, it is by no 
means meant that you are regularly and pointedly to 
follow them step by step ; it would be improper to tie 
you down to particulars on this occasion ; you are to 
guide yourself by information and occurring circum- 
stances, and to remember that, although those sug- 
gestions are meant to furnish you with the general 
Objects of my wish, and with such Ideas as have 
occurred from the imperfect knowledge hitherto re- 
ceived of the State of that country, yet you are not- 
withstanding to consider yourself -in possession of the 
fullest powers to act on this occasion as you shall 
think best for the good of his Majesty's service. This 
I give you in confidence, trusting to your Zeal, 
Spirit, and Discretion that powers so extensive and 



202 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 

liberal will be used with the utmost propriety and 
Effect. 

After these Services are over, and if Col. Poison 
does not go home, you will return immediately to 
Jamaica, and bring with you copies of all Sketches 
made by the Engineers under your Command, or other 
Charts, descriptions, or informations in Writing as may 
best elucidate not only the progress of his or your 
march through that quarter of the Continent, but also 
the Geography, Nature, Strength, and extent of the 
country to which your operations have been confined, 
and as far as your knowledge may extend ; but should 
Col. Poison go home, you are to dispatch immediately 
to me the most intelligent officer of your detachment 
with the above specified charts and informations, 
which, I again repeat, must be as full and explicit as 
possible. John Bailing. 

To the above instructions may be added the follow- 
ing remarks : 

1st. That there is a good military road from the 
Lake to the City of Cartago, the distance being about 
5 days' easy march. Cartago is only a day's march 
from the upper part of the Rio Matina, and troops, as 
it is asserted, have been transported from thence to 
the Nicaragua by this route. If, then, upon the full- 
est information you shall find this account to be 
literally true, it will be certainly expedient to secure 
this important pass as soon as you are a complete 
master of the Lake ; perhaps it will be found neces- 
sary to seize on that Wealthy though defenceless city 
previous to your possessing yourself of the City of 
Granada and places at a considerable distance ; above 
all, be particular in carrying every place where Boats 
and other kinds of Craft are to be had, for reasons 
that must appear obvious. 

2d, You are to observe whether Cavalry, as it is 
asserted, can proceed from Bluefields along the Sea 
Shore to the River Matina; as likewise whether, as 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I 780. 203 

reported, there be a direct Mule or Cattle track lead- 
ing from this river to the town of Cartago by which 
Royal Howitzers may be served against that City, in 
case of any resistance, and, as the broad road to the 
Lake commences there, whether a Body of horse may 
not be the more easily dispatched to your assistance 
should your situation so require. 

3d. You are to remark that, as the City of Cartago 
is an opulent one, and that troops, as I am informed, 
have been frequently sent from thence to St. John's 
Fort by the great road leading from thence to the Lake 
of Nicaragua, you must endeavour to ascertain whether 
it will not be more expedient for me to attack that 
place in force by the town of Matina, and so proceed 
from thence to the Lake, than to attack it by detach- 
ment from St. John's ; if, however, it should be found 
upon examination that your force, when in possession 
of St. John's and the Lake, be adequate to the attempt, 
I leave it entirely to your judgement and discretion to 
act therein as you may think proper. 

4th. Should you find it necessary to engage or at 
any time to impress Slaves, in order to forward the 
service, you have my full authority so to do, and to 
promise the Masters of all such Slaves as may be 
killed or taken off by the Enemy, that they shall be 

paid for at the rate of each, as well as a moderate 

indemnification for any boats that might be lost when 
actually employed in the Service. 

You will find the Superintendent an Intelligent, 
Sensible man, ready to obey your commands and to 
afford you every assistance in his power. Your atten- 
tion to him upon all occasions I make no doubt of, and 
nothing will be more flattering to him than your listen- 
ing to his recommendations of Officers to be appointed 
to the Bay Men. 

5th. The whole of the Corps of the Bay Men, &c., 
are paid by Mr. Ross in the same manner as the King s 
troops ; his deputy, now with Col. Poison, has direc- 
tions on that head. 



204 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 

6th. You have ;^50o allowed you for secret Services. 
I have not a doubt but it will be made use of with the 
greatest propriety, but at the same time let me recom- 
mend to you to be as frugal as possible, not only in 
that, but in everything else. 

7th. In case of death or Sickness among the Offi- 
cers of the regular troops, you are empowered to 
appoint such persons as you may think proper to do 
duty as officers, in order that the Service may not 
Suffer. 

8th. I Subaltern, 2 Serjeants, and 40 rank and file 
to be left at the harbour of St. John's, exclusive of its 
proper garrison, for the purpose of being transported 
to the Island of Rattan whenever the Officer destined 
for the command of that Island shall call for them at 
St. John's harbour. 

9th. The Subaltern's rank must not exceed that of 
a Lieutenant bearing date the 30th. of Sept., 1775, 
and his Detachment must consist of the Convalescent 
regulars of your Army. 

John Dalling. 

Jamaica, April [8], 1780. 

Memorandum. 

Floating batteries may be of the greatest utility for 
the harbour as well as the different parts of the river 
or Lake. It may be also necessary to have some Pro- 
visions as well as military Stores, for advanced Ser- 
vices, in depot as high up the river as possible, that, 
when by a greater quantity of water in the river, they 
may be ready to be forwarded even to the Lake itself ; 
indeed, the nearer all things are to the main body the 
safer they will be. 

John Dalling. 

April ye 8th.. 1780. 
To Lieut. 'CoL Kcmble, 



S* 
- ir : 

In obedience to the commands of the Superintend- 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I 780. 2o5 

ent, I did myself the honour of writing to your Excel- 
lency by Capt. Ogle, acquainting you of the appre- 
hensions of the Inhabitants of the Shore, that the 
Settlement at Black River would be invaded by the 
Spaniards from the interior parts of the Country. 

On the very morning of Capt. Ogle's departure 
the Spanish Army appeared, and in the course of Two 
days made themselves Masters of the whole Settle- 
ment Their number, and the quickness and regular- 
ity of their approaches rendered all opposition vain ; 
and as the place was untenable, the Inhabitants few 
and ill-armed, it was absolutely necessary to escape 
with the utmost expedition. 

It does not appear from their proceedings that the 
Spaniards mean to keep any long possession of the 
Settlement, As they have already burnt and destroyed 
all the houses, plantations, and sugar works. 

It is impossible to describe to your Excellency the 
exceeding distress and misery to which the Inhabitants 
are now reduced ; many have lost their whole fortunes, 
and I am afraid, as the principal part of the people 
have retired into the Mosquito Country, where provis- 
ions are not very plenty, that numbers will perish for 
want of the necessaries of life. 

About three hundred (Slaves included) have escaped 
to this Island, where they mean to remain until they 
are made acquainted with your Excellency's senti- 
ments respecting their future destination. 

The Fort erected at Port Royal Harbour will, I hope, 
be sufficient to protect us for some time against Small 
Vessels, but I much fear that we shall not be able to 
find subsistence for longer than one month, as Provis- 
ions are very scarce, and indeed hardly sufficient for 
the families already settled here. 

It is the general wish of the people to return to the 
Shore, provided your Excellency could, with propriety, 
station a Ship there for their protection ; or should 
your Excellency be of .opinion that the settling of this 
Island is a more eligible plan, they will continue here 



* 4 



2o6 I»IU3fE>TS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 

uctil the fate of the Shore is determined by Govern- 
ment. 

h is more than probable that the Enemy, flushed 
with their Success on the Continent, will endeavour to 
attack this place, in which case it must fall, as the Mili- 
tar\- Stores are inadequate to its defence ; and. in fact, 
should the Spaniards appear with any Considerable 
force, nothing but the presence of Ships of war could 
possibly preser\e it. 

My employment as Secretary to the Superintendent 
and keeper of the records of the Colony has induced 
the people who have escaped to make choice of me to 
represent to your Excellency their unhappy Situation, 
in full confidence that your Excellency, from the hu- 
manit\' and benevolence of your disposition, will take 
ever\* necessar\* measure for their protection and relief. 

I beg leave to refer you to Capt. Robert Nicholson 
(who will deliver this letter to your Excellency) for 
further information. 

I am. Sir, your Excellency's 

^lost obedient Humble Servant, 

Daniel Young. 

Port Royal Harbour, Rattan, 
April 15th., 1780. 
To GiKTrnor Dalling. 



Camp before St. John's Castle, 

April 2 2d., 1780. 

Sir : 

On the 28th. ulto., just as I left the harbour 
of Sl lohn's, I received Letters from his Excellency 
Gen. Ualling, dated the 17th. of said month, wherein 
he informs me that you were to sail in three weeks or 
less with three hundred Regulars and about the same 
number of Volunteers, and on the supposition that I 
w;;i5;in pc«ffi«ssion of this Castle and the Lake, if not the 
Town of Granada, desires I should order down all the 
Cntts to Sl John's Harbour for your accommodation. 



% • 
% % 



; V 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I 780. 207 

I arrived here the i ith. instant, and on reconnoitring 
the Castle found it a place of greater strength than it 
was supposed, and I thought it most advisable to invest 
it before I should bring up the Artillery. The same 
night I detached a Captain and 50 Men to take Post 
on the River, above the Castle, to prevent succours 
being thrown in from the Country ; and a Subaltern 
with 30 Men to take possession of a rising ground 
about 300 yards to the Southward of the Castle, which 
party was augmented next morning to a Captain and 
50 Men. The rest of my small Army, that came in 
the first division, took post in a wood about 500 yards 
to the Eastward of the Castle. The 12th., the Troops 
were employed in getting the Artillery from the land- 
ing place to the Post on the East side, and at night I 
ordered them across the Plain in the Front of the 
Castle to the rising ground to the South, where one of 
the four Pounders was mounted, which began to play on 
the Castle the morning of the 13th. The other three 
were brought to the top of the hill the same morning ; 
but, as the Batteries were not completed, they were of 
very little use that day. The 14th., theJour four-Pound- 
ers on two Batteries played upon the Castle with great 
effect, as they did also the 15th. On the i6th. the 
Shot were all expended, and from that time they have 
been closely invested. On the i8th. the advanced 
party took Post within 40 yards of their Walls, where 
the Engineer thought it advisable to push a Mine to 
their Works, which is now advanced about 14 yards; 
but, as the Miners meet with Rocks, their progress is 
very slow. Major Macdonald, with the 2d. Division, 
arrived this day, and has brought the two 12 Pound 
Carronades ; but, I am sorry to say, there were only 40 
round Shot originally shipped for them. To supply 
this deficiency I have ordered 200 nine pound Shot, 
which I hope will have some effect, though not equal 
to proper shot. I have also received 53 round Shot 
for the four Pounders, which is far short of the quan- 
tity I expected by this Division ; but the Artillery Store 



208 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I 780. 

keeper not being arrived in Camp, I have- no proper 
return of what has been shipped. 

Under all these difficulties I hope to be Master of 
the Castle in a few days ; but, as I am very short of 
Provisions, I am obliged to dispatch all the lightest 
Crafts, Pitpans, &c., that can be manned with Negroes 
(I cannot depend on the return of the Indians) for a 
supply. At present therefore it is out of my power 
to send Crafts ; but, as soon as I have intelligence 
of your arrival, every Craft, Pitpan and Dorey that 
can be manned shall be sent for your accommoda- 
tion. 

I have the honour to be, Sir, 
Your Most obedient and most humble Servant, 

Jno. Poison. 
To Colonel Stephen Kemble, or the Officer 
Commanding the Reinforcement ex- 
pected to arrive from Jamaica at St. 
Johns. 



Sir : 

I am just favoured with your letter of the 20th. 
Instant, ajid I Congratulate you on your safe arrival at 
St. John's with so large a Reinforcement. I am sorry 
to inform you that I have not yet been able to make 
myself Master of the Fort of St. John's, for want of 
Shot for my Artillery. There have been so many 
mistakes in shipping things that I cannot account for 
the Deficiency of Shot. Out of 350 Round shot put 
into the Crafts of the first Division, we could not find 
above 200 or 250 at most ; and out of 200 put into the 
Crafts of the 2d. Division, only about 60 were found, 
so that our 4 pounders are entirely useless. Of the 
Shot for the 12-pound Carronades, there were but 40 ; 
and though I brought up 200 Round shot for 9 Pound- 
ers, I find they will be of no use thrown by the Car- 
ronades. I have nothing now to depend on but small 
Arms, and the Troops have got the Flux, which re- 
duces them both as to strength and numbers. 



• ••I •! • • • • 

• • • .s* \: 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 20 



The Fort is now I think completely Invested, and 
if I am able to support my Posts, I think they cannot 
hold out many days, as they have no water but what 
they must take from the River, and I have Posts be- 
tween them. 

The Mine is still going on, but having a hard Rock 
they make little way. 

I sent an Officer with 12 Indians up the River, with 
directions to go as far as the Lake if Possible, and 
make what discoveries he could ; they are gone five 
days and not yet returned. 

I am this day to Summon the Governor to surren- 
der ; I cannot yet tell what the Consequence will be. 
Capt. Nelson's going off directly puts it out of my 
Power to be full on any Subject, but I shall write you 
to- Morrow by his Pinnace, which he leaves for that 
purpose. I want words to Express the Praise due to 
Capt. Nelson for the many Services he did the Army 
in coming here, and the great Assistance he gave me 
in carrying on the Siege. Hardly a Gun but was laid 
by him or Lieut. Despard, and I shall miss him and 
his good men more than double their Number of any 
others. 

The Indians have got the Flux, and many of them 
died ; this, with the short allowance of Provisions we 
are all at, makes them wish to return home. I have 
done everything I can to keep them, but Several of 
them have given me the slip, and last Night the Gov- 
ernor went off with two Crafts. I do not know where 
it will End. The Name of having them is the only 
Service they are of at present, for they will give us no 
help except to fire away our ammunition and P2at our 
provisions. 

I will send down Mr. Jones, the Artillery Store 
Keeper, in the Pinnace with such Returns as will in- 
form you of what we have, and what will be most 
wanted. 

I hope the Seasons will not set in before the latter 
end of May or beginning of June, and that if you had 

VOL. II — 14 



2IO DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1780. 

Crafts you might (if you can carry Provisions and 
Ammunition) Quarter for the wet Season in Granada, 

I am with great respect, Dear Sir, 

Your most Humble Servant, 

Jno. Poison. 
Camp before St. John's Castle, 28th. Apr,, 1780. 
To Brtg.'Gen. Kentble, 

{Froht the London Gazette^ 

Extracts of a letter from John Bailing, Esq., Gover- 
nor of Jamaica, to the Right Honourable Lord 
George Germain, one of his Majesty's Principal 
Secretaries of State, dated at Kingston, Jamaica, 
June 2d., 1780, and received by the Thynne 
packet. 

I have the honour to congratulate your Lordship 
on the reductionof the important fort and post on the 
River St. John, by a detachment of his Majesty's troops 
under the command of Capt. Poison of the 60th. Regi- 
ment. Suffice it to say, for I shall not take up your 
Lordship's time with an uninteresting tedious detail 
of trifling matters, that the fort surrendered on the 
29th. of April, that there were found in it i brass 
mortar of nve and a half inches, 20 pieces of brass 
ordnance mounted, besides swivels, 10 or 12 iron ditto 
dismounted, with a proportionable quantity of military 

stores, . r 1 • 1 • r r . 

Inclosed are copies of the capitulation, list of pris- 
oners, and of the killed and wounded before the fort. 



le honour to inform your Excellency that 
this castle surrendered to his Majesty's arms yester- 
day at five o'clock r. m. The terms of capitulation I 
noW inclose, which 1 hope will meet with your appro- 

? ha\-e also the honour of sending your Excellency, 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1780. 221 

by Lieut. Thomas Mounsey, the colours of the fort 
and of the regiment, as well as returns of the cannon 
and stores taken in it. 

When I came to Cape Gracias a Dios, there were 
not any Indians to be seen ; some villains there had 
taken the pains to persuade them that the English 
army came to enslave and send them to Jamaica ; it 
was therefore some time before any of them ventured 
to come in. I took the opportunity of sending some 
small presents by one of their people, who had ven- 
tured down to watch our motions. He being ac- 
quainted with Mr. Campbell was undeceived by him, 
and brought to me, which had the desired effect, as 
most of the tribes came in very soon after. 

Your Excellency's letters of March 1 7th. I received 
the 20th. of the same month as I entered the River 
St. John's. I shall ever retain the most grateful sense 
of the sentiments you was therein pleased to express 
for me; and I am sorry that the delays I met at the 
Cape, and other places between that and the harbour 
of St. John, from the want of craft, and the backward- 
ness of the Indians in coming out, prevented my 
operations keeping pace with your Excellency's expec- 
tations. I however hope you will do me the justice to 
believe that no time was lost that could possibly have 
been saved, situated as I was. It was the 3d. of 
March before any Black River crafts arrived, and 
those were the only ones then provided. It is true 
the Indian Governor promised me a great many ; but 
when I came to his country there was not one ready, 
and we got them at last with a great deal of difficulty. 
The Superintendent was entirely deceived by the 
Indians in the number of the craft and men, and still 
more so in point of time. 

Capt. Nelson, then of the Hinchinbroke, came up 
with thirty-four seamen, one serjeant, and twelve 
marines. I want words to express the obligations I 
owe that gentleman ; he was the first on every service, 
whether by day or by night ; there was scarcely a gun 



212 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1780. 

fired but was pointed by him or Lieut. Despard, chief 
engineer, who has exerted himself on every occa- 
sion. I am persuaded if our shot had held out we 
should have had the fort a week sooner. As Capt. 
Nelson goes to Jamaica, he can inform you of every 
delay and point of service as well as I could, for he 
knows my very thoughts. 

The bearer, Lieut. Mounsey, can inform your Excel- 
lency of many things that may escape my memory ; he 
is a very good officer, and commanded the party I 
sent to reconnoitre the Look-out, and began the 
attack of it in concert with Capt. Despard and Capt. 
Nelson, who with his seamen volunteered that duty. 

(Translation.) 

Answer of Col. John Poison, Commander in Chief of 
his Britannic Majesty's forces before Fort St. 
Juan, to the proposals of capitulation made by 
Don Juan de Ayssa, Governor thereof for his 
Catholic Majesty, April 29th., 1 780. 

Article L The garrison shall be allowed the use 
of their batteaux to transport themselves where they 
shall think proper, and the term of four days for the 
entire evacuation of the fort. 

Answer. The orarrison of Fort St. Juan shall sur- 
render prisoners "of war. and shall be conducted to 
some :v>rx v'-^ "^X ^"*P^<^") ^^ North America, subject 
to :he Crv>wn of' Sjxiin, and shall be furnished with 
xv^^'ls Ar.v: :^n>visions necessary to the voyage, pro- 
XTvk^: :^'^<^v e^c-^ ^^^^^ parole of honour not to bear 
^11.^ r^;^:-s: ais Britannic Majesty until an exchange 
^•".^.^^^rs shall have taken place conformably to such 
V,.;.V v^ ;< or mav be established between the two 

W^lcle IL The garrison shall march out with 
^^^;^^^/^ rtxaixv; each man with a ball in his mouth, 
V^tevi matches, drums beating ; each soldier shall have 
tJ^^utv rv^unds, musket, and side arms, together with 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I/So. 2I3 

two pieces of cannon (three pounders) with twenty 
rounds to each. 

Answer. The British forces must be put in posses- 
sion of the principal gate of the fort between the 
hours of four and five in the afternoon, at which senti- 
nels shall be kept to prevent the Indians from com- 
mitting any act contrary to the rules of war or laws of 
humanity ; and in favour of the gallant defence which 
the Commandant has made, the garrison shall be 
allowed to march out with colours flying, drums beat- 
ing, lighted matches, musket, and side arms, with two 
rounds to each man, to the foot of the glacis, opposite 
to the south front of the castle, where they shall pile 
up their arms and accoutrements, the officers keeping 
their swords. Afterwards they shall return to the 
castle. 

Article III. Every officer and soldier, on evacuat- 
ing the castle, shall be allowed to keep their effects, 
baggage, money, and whatever else may actually 
belong to them. 

Answer. The officers and soldiers shall be allowed 
to keep their baggage, and whatever money may actu- 
ally belong to them ; but every slave must be detained 
for the use of his Britannic Majesty. 

Article IV. The prisoners made at the advanced 
post on the island of Bentole shall be restored. 

Answer. In case the garrison shall accept the terms 
of capitulation offered, the prisoners made at the 
advanced post on the island of Bentole shall be 
included in it, provided, however, that all slaves shall 
appertain of right to the King my master. 

Article V. The garrison shall be allowed ten days 
for the evacuation of the fort, during which time they 
^all not be molested by any person whatsoever. 

Answer. The garrison shall not be molested by 
any person whatsoever, until their arrival at the place 
appointed. 

Article VI. The garrison shall be allowed the use 
of their own provisions. 



214 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I780. 

Answer. No other answer is necessary to this arti- 
cle than that already given to the first. 

Article VII. The garrison shall be allowed to carry 
with them all such ornaments and effects as are neces- 
sary to their religion and mode of worship. 

Answer. Granted in the fullest sense. 

Article VIII. The British forces shall treat the 
garrison with humanity and politeness, duties incum- 
bent on all nations. 

Answer. It is the characteristic of Britons to treat 
their prisoners with humanity and politeness, and I 
pledge my word to do my utmost to keep the Mos- 
quitoes within the bounds of moderation. 

Article IX. Should any doubts arise in the pre- 
ceding articles, they shall be explained in favour of 
the garrison. 

Answer. As I do not mean to cavil, an answer to 
this article would be useless. Immediately on being 
put in possession of the interior of the fort, and its 
dependencies, I will appoint an officer, who shall take 
charge of the military chest, and likewise name Com- 
missaries to take account of all warlike stores and pro- 
visions, artillery, slaves, and in general of ever>'thing 
belonging to his Catholic Majesty. 

(Signed) John Poison, 
Colonel and Commander in Chief. 

Head Quarters, camp before St. Juan, April 29, 1 780. 
^ Juan de Ayssa, 

Commander of the Castle of St. Juan. 



List of prisoners taken in the Castle of St. John's, 

April 29, 1 7S0 : 

I Captain and Governor, i Lieutenant, 2 Sub-Lieif- 
tenants. i Captain of Engineers, i Chaplain, i Sur- 
ijron. ; Serjeants, 3 Drummers, 9 Corporals, 17 Sol- 
^ien; of Arti!ler>\ i Cadet, 31 Spanish Soldiers, 61 
Sokiier> of Colour, 1 7 Batteaux Men, 6 Slaves, Women 
and Children. ; Malefactors, 17 Women, 13 Children, 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I780. 2l5 

I Master Carpenter, i Carpenter, i Blacksmith, 2 
Masons, 25 Wood cutters, i Corporal of ditto, 2 Offi- 
cers and Chaplain's servants, 14 taken at the advanced 
post. (Signed) Juan de Ayssa, 

Governor. 

Return of the killed and wounded at the taking of 
Look-out Island and the castle of St. John's, April 30, 
1780: 

60th. Regiment, i rank and file killed ; i Serjeant 
wounded. 

79th. Regiment. 2 rank and file killed ; 3 rank and 
file wounded. 

Loyal Irish Corps. 5 rank and file killed. 

Jamaica Volunteers, i rank and file killed ; 2 rank 
and file wounded. 

(Signed) John Poison, 

Colonel Commanding at the Castle of St. John's. 

— Almons Remembrancer y X. 8j. 



Castle of St. John's, ist. May, 1780. 
Sir: 

I did myself the honour of writing you the 28th. 
ulto. by Capt. Nelson. I have now the pleasure to 
inform you that the Castle of St. John's Surrendered 
to His Majesty's Arms the- 29th. April ; the Garrison 
to be Prisoners of War, and to be sent on ships Pro- 
vided and Provisioned by the King of England to any 
Port belonging to the King of Spain in North America 
that I think Proper. I think they should be sent to 
New Orleans, but I have not told them yet to what 
Port I intend to send them, and I now leave the 
Choice to you to send them there or to any other you 
please. I fear Carthagena or Porto Bello is too near ; 
they are not to Serve against the King of Great Brit- 
ain until they are Exchanged. I send you a rough 
Copy of the Capitulation ; it's in French. Agreeable 
to Gen. Calling's letter to me I send an Officer, Viz. : 
Lieut. Mounsey, of the 79th. Regiment, to Jamaica with 



2l6_ TKXJCMENTS ASU CORRESPOXIiENCE, I780. 

the Colours of the Fort, as also the Regimental Colours 
with the Copy of the Capitulation and many other 
Papers. I hope you will not take it amiss that I take 
this step, as it s Acting in Compliance with the Orders 
I received ; And if the Man of War is sailed which I 
understfKxJ was going to Jamaica, I beg the favour of 
you to apfx^int a Vessel to Carry Mr. Mounsey there. 

You will please give the Necessary Orders for 
Transfx>rting the Garrison where you think proper, 
According to the Capitulation. I hope to have the 
pleasure of seeing you here in a few days, and that 
you will bring plenty of Provisions. 

I have Ordered Returns of the Stores, &c., found 
in the Fort to be made out, which I will inclose 
you. Also Returns made out yesterday of the Troops 
htrre^and the Killed and Wounded; But I am sorry to 
say there are double the Number of Officers and Men 
sick this day as were yesterday. 

Mr. Jones carries also Returns of the Artillery and 
Stores now here, by which you will judge what may 
be Necessary to bring up. 

Camp Equipage will be wanted for any Troops you 
bring. I am almost out of Provisions, and have been 
on half Allowance for a long time. 

Bring for yourself all the Comforts of Life ; there 
are few here. The Fort is small and not fit for a Gar- 
rison above fifty Men. I acquainted you 1 had sent 
a Party to look for the Lake. Lieut. McLean Re- 
turned the 28th. ulto. with 2 Crafts and twenty- 
three Prisoners, taken at the Mouth of the Lake, with 
some Jerked Beef, Sugar, Bread, and Chocolate for this 
Garrison. The Indians who were with him divided 
the whole, except the Prisoners. I always told them 
they should have anything they took to themselves. 

I hope to send the Prisoners to you to- Morrow. I 
purpose sending about thirty Soldiers with Lieut. 
Mounsev. and the Seamen and Marines which Capt. 
Nekon left with me, which I hope will be a sufficient 
Guard for thexL 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1780. 21 7 

In the Crafts taken on the Lake, which Mr. McLean 
says is about forty Miles from here, and water enough, 
There were Several letters, and some from the Gen- 
tleman that is President of Guatemala, Don Marias 
di Galvez, and who left this place but a few days before 
we arrived, wherein he acknowledges the Receipt of 
two letters from him (the Governor) since the Enemy 
appeared at the Advance Post, and telling him in his 
letter of 14th. April, from Granada, that he had or- 
dered the Militia to be Raised, and he would send 
them to the mouth of the Lake to prevent the Enemy 
taking Possession of it ; and that the Militia of 
Granada had offered themselves to come with him by 
Land to make a Diversion, and he hoped to save the 
Fort and Extirpate the Enemy. I am sorry that I 
have not the Conveniency or time that I should to 
write you as fully as I could wish, But I hope you 
will excuse me at this time. 

I shall be obliged to you when you write Gen. 
Dalling, to beg of him to send back Lieut. Mounsey, 
the bearer, who wishes much to return here. And he 
is a very good officer of his Standing. 

The Samboes and the few Indians that are here are 
consulting whether they shall go home to-Morrow, or 
whether some of them will not stay. The Cause of 
their disgust is, That they say Gen. Dalling promised 
them every Negro or Indian they should take, whether 
free or Slave. If so, they expect some Indians and 
Spanish Negroes they took on the Lake. I do not 
think it reasonable to give up free people, and the 
dispute is referred to you as the Superior Officer. 
They acknowledge they have nothing farther to say 
against me. 

2d. May. I am just now favoured with your letter 
of the 26th. ulto., and thank you for the Supply of 
Provisions sent. Capt. Thomson is Sick, and I do not 
yet know how much is arrived. 

I am sorry to inform you that within three days one 
half of the Troops are laid up with Sickness and Flux. 



2l8 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 

There is but one Captain of the Regulars now fit for 
Duty, and not one Regular Soldier on duty ; There- 
fore, though I see the Necessity of getting Possession 
of the Entrance of the Lake, I find it impossible to 
move until More Troops and Provisions arrive. 

I thought to have got the Prisoners sent down to- 
day, but I find it impossible, the Indians having quitted 
me last Night to about twenty, and having no men to 
remove my Baggage and Stores. 

I hope you will soon Arrive here or Enable me to 
proceed to the Lake ; there is no time to lose, and I 
could not send down the Crafts sooner for want of 
hands, and the daily Expectations of having the pris- 
oners to send down. 

I am with Esteem and respect, Sir, 

Your most Humble Servant, 

J no. Poison. 
To Geh. Kemblc. 

(Enclosure.) 

Yesterday I answered your first letter of the 9th. 
Instant, which informed me that the day before some 
Canoes of an enemy was seen by the advanced party 
at the Isle of Bartolio; and I now answer your second 
Letter, in which you inform me that at ii o'Clock in 
the morning the Soldier Severino had arrived and 
given you an account that four Crafts had attacked 
the Isle of Bartolio, and that after an obstinate resist- 
ance the detachment was obliged to give way, and, 
endeavouring to get on board the Canoes, they found 
their retreat cut off, and were obliged to throw them- 
selves into the river. This is the whole of the infor- 
mation that Greganio gives, but that he supposes some 
of the Soldiers were drowned and some were obliged 
to surrender themselves Prisoners. I am now to in- 
form you that to-day there went from this place to the 
Castle 60 men, and in the night will also be sent some 
warlike Stores and provisions ; but this I do not answer 
for, as the wind is now Contrary. I have given the 
necessary orders that they are to proceed with every 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 219 

precaution till they discover if the army has Block- 
aded the Castle, and, if so, to take post at the mouth 
of the river. 

I have also to-day ordered the Companies of the 
neighbouring militia to proceed down the Lake to the 
mouth of the river, and they have offered me to march 
by land to the Castle by way of St. Miguel and cross 
the head of the rivers Melchora Monillo, Savalos, and 
Santa Croix to the river Dalma. Should this be 
accomplished, much advantage will accrue, and will 
greatly reinforce your fortress, and, I hope, defeat the 
intentions of your enemies ; in a word, be assured I 
will leave nothing undone that is possible for me to do 
to relieve you from the attack of the enemy. 

The expedition I formerly mentioned to you which 
I intended to send to reconnoitre the route by land to 
the sea, I have ordered not to proceed, and that the 
troops should be quartered in the neighbourhood of 
St. Miguel and of Haen, and to hold themselves always 
in readiness. (Signed) Marias di Galvez. 

Granada, 14th. April, 1780. 

P. S. Marias di Galvez is the President of Guate- 
mala. 



Sir: 

I forgot to mention in my Letter of yesterday, 
that I intend keeping the twenty-three prisoners taken 
at the Mouth of the Lake till the next opportunity. 
My reasons are that they are not included in the Capit- 
ulation ; and another reason, that I would not choose to 
let them see the other prisoners, lest they should tell 
them any News from Granada that might encourage 
them to make their Escape from the Escort. 

I am, Sir, Your most obedient, Humble Servant, 

J no. Poison. 
Excuse no wafer at hand. 
St. John's Castle, 3d. May, 1780. 
To Gen. Kemble. 

Endorsed, Reed. May 14th. 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 

St. John's Castle, 12th. May, 1780. 

Sir : 

I was favoured last Night with your letter of the 
28th. ulto. by Capt. Schroter of the Legion, who 
arrived here with all the Crafts committed to his care, 
except three which he left at a Rapid below the look 
out Island. His people could not get them up, as he 
tells me. I have sent a party for them this Morning, 
and Expect them here this night or to-Morrow. As 
soon as they are unloaded, I shall send all the Crafts 
that are here down to you Except some very large 
ones that was with much difficulty got over the falls, 
and are besides very Leakie, And a few Clumsy 
Spanish Crafts that would not work up again, but may 
be useful on the Lake. You will please Observe that 
it was not in my power to send you the Crafts before 
I sent the Prisoners. I did not know of your Arrival 
until the 28th. ulto., and as the place Surrendered the 
day following I could not send the Crafts without 
sending them, which I had it not in my power to do 
until the 3d. Inst; Nor could I man them then if it 
had not been for Capt. Nelson's Seamen. 

Your favours of the 21st. ulto. I received a few days 
ago by Lieut. Brumley, of the 79th. Regiment, who 
arrived here with 22 Men of that Corps. About 24 of 
the Legion arrived at the same time with two Sub- 
alterns. Capt. Aldred came up two days before to let 
me know they were coming ; the rest of the Legion 
has been dropping in since. The whole of them that 
were sent with Aldred are now arrived, except some 
that I believe Deserted on the way, and one died. I 
have put both the Gentlemen in Arrest in your Name. 
1 understand Lieut. Hill is at Capt. Cooke's Post with 
the rest of the Detachment that set out with Lieut. 
Brumley. 1 have sent to the two Gentlemen to give 
me in writing the reasons of their quitting their Detach- 
ment. Lieut. Brumley has sent me his, which I inclose 
VDU. Capt. Aldred has not sent his ; if he does I will 
inclose it also. He did not bring so many men from 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I780. 221 

St. John's as was Ordered, not having room in the 
Boats for them. 

I will send you the 23 Spanish Prisoners taken at 
the Mouth of the Lake. 

You desire I should give you all the Intelligence I 
can. I would certainly Communicate to you any In- 
telligence I had, but I have really none that can be 
any ways useful. 

As you are coming up, please Examine the Post 
Capt. Cooke is at ; Also an Island in the Colorado 
River just Opposite, or a little higher than, where 
Capt. Cooke is. I think you should Establish a Post 
there to prevent the Enemy coming up the Coloradoes, 
and by fortifying either of these Islands cut off our 
Communication with the Harbour of St. John's. 

I am sorry to inform you that the Troops here, both 
Officers and Soldiers, are in a miserable situation with 
fevers and fluxes. Of all the Regulars there are only two 
Subalterns for duty, and I do not think there are fifty 
Regular Soldiers fit for any kind of duty ; the Jamaica 
Volunteers are not quite so sickly, but many of them 
are laid up. I have not been out for Eight days ago ; 
I had a fever of which, thank God, I have now got the 
better, and I take Bark by Ounces. Nothing can be 
done until you come up with fresh Troops to put us 
in Spirits. 

We have no Colours for the Fort. I was obliged to 
detain Capt. Nelson's Jack, which is all we have. It 
should be made good to the Ship. But it's not fit for 
a Fort. 

I Return you my thanks for sending me the two 
Howitzers ; they certainly would have been very use- 
ful. The Travelling Carriages were put in the Ulysses's 
long Boat, and, I am told, landed out of her on the 
Banks of the River and left there with some of the live 
shells. As to the 24 Pounders, I do not know whether 
they may be wanted here, but there are so many things 
more necessary at present, such as Rum, of which I 
am quite Scarce, and Provisions, of which I have given 



222 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I 780. 

the Men this day a lb. of Beef and a lb. of Flour and i 
Gill of Rum each. I must request that you will order 
Medicines and Nourishment to be sent for the Hospital. 
We are entirely out of everything. I inclose you Dr. 
Dancer's list. I gave an Order when Mr. Shaw and 
Mr. Patterson went down to have Several things sent 
up, but there was nothing sent but a little Rice and 
some tonic. The Officers here are out of every kind 
of Nourishment, as I prevented their taking any thing 
with them but what was absolutely necessary for pres- 
ent use. Some have Stores below and others have 
none. I wish some assistance could be given to a Sut- 
ler to come up, as 1 understand you brought one from 
Jamaica. 

I am much at a loss here for the want of a Spanish 
Interpreter. Lieut Haldimand is very ill and but 
little chance of his ever being better. There is not one 
Man here can read a Spanish Letter wrote in the 
characters they write in. There are two or three people 
that can speak a little Spanish. 

Please observe when you come to where the Colora- 
does and St John's Separates or rather joins above 
there is a small Island there where the Spaniards had 
a fort formerly. The Large Branch that Strikes off to 
the left hand, and to which some give the Name of 
Costa Rica River, and some say it comes from Car- 
taijo ^lountains. Whether a Post should not be estab- 
Hslied there lest the Enemy might come down that 
Branch and Cut off our Communication. I must re- 
quest i^if it can be done without much interruption to 
the Service) that I may have room given me, as soon 
as it may be spared, for a Quarter Cask of Madeira and 
a Cask of Rum for my use. I have not a drop of either 
now except a few bottles of Wine and Bark mixed ; the 
Cask of Rum I brought for my own use was Issued to 
the rriH^ps by mistake. My Rum and Wine is in the 
Can* of Capt. Thomson of the Horatio. 

1 ^th. May, 1 780. As I do not know when there 
will be vessels going for Jamaica, I take the liberty of 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I780. 223 

enclosing you Duplicates of my letters to Gen. Dal- 
ling, which I beg the favour of you to give Orders 
that they may be forwarded by the Next Opportunity 
after the departure of the Originals sent by Lieut. 
Mounsey. Also a few Private letters to be sent. 

This being the first day I have been able to go 
abroad I have been to see and examine the Prisoners 
taken at the mouth of the Lake. I find Eight of them 
to be Indians, and most of them of a Village on the 
Lake which, by my instructions, I am ordered to en- 
deavour to cultivate their friendship ; It's Called Ome- 
tepe. Two of them are Pilots Employed by the King 
of Spain from Granada here and Back ; I will therefore 
keep these Indians here. I told them the King of 
England did not send his Army to make War on the 
poor Indians, but to redeem them from the Slavery of 
the Spaniards ; that if they would remain quiet they 
should not be disturbed in their persons or property, 
and be protected by the Arms of England and live 
free from tribute. This seems to give them Spirits, 
but one of the Pilots seemed to agree to serve us with 
a good deal of Reluctance. He is one of the Indians 
of Ometepe Island, but lives at Granada, having a 
wife there. I Also Examined a Serjeant belonging 
to Mr. Juan de Ayssas Company. He confesses they 
have no Regulars, but that they Expect many men from 
Leon and Guatemala. I enclosed you the questions I 
asked to which I received any Satisfactory answers. 
As to the Seasons, they seem to differ from most Ac- 
counts. They say there is not so much rain up ihe 
Country as I imagined, that in June, July, August, and 
September there may be sometimes two or three days' 
continual Rain, and then hold up for a Month. But 
October Rains Continually. 

I saw a very old man among the Prisoners, and sent 
for him just now, and Asked him the Questions you 
see put After his Name, Viz. : Juan Paulino. I con- 
fess his Story is not agreeable about the Seasons. 

As I have no Spanish Interpreter, I send you all the 



224 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 

Spanish papers and letters taken in the Crafts ; if you 
can get them read, you can give the Officers such as 
are of a private Nature. The letter from the President 
I inclose herewith, also another for Monsr. De Ayssa. 
Capt Aldred has not yet deigned to Account to me 
for his Conduct ; I therefore continue him in his Arrest. 
I have released Lieut Bromley, Who though in a fault 
Acknowledges it, and gives the best reason he can. 
But Capt Aldred does not know what men he took 
with him, nor what is become of them ; if he does, he 
will not Account for them. 

I expect to send you to- Morrow morning thirteen 
Crafts and three Pitpans, which are all fit to be sent 
Capt. Schroeter goes with a Detachment of the Legion, 
and Lieut Foxly of the Mosquito Volunteers with 20 
of his men, which are all that is now fit for duty of 
them. 

I am with great respect and Esteem, Dear Sir, 

Your most Humble Servant, 

J no. Poison. 
To Gen. Kemble. 

Endorsed. Received May 14th. from Capt Schroe- 
ter, inclosing some Questions asked an Indian Pilot, 
taken in the Spanish Craft coming down the River to 
Fort St Juan. 

(Enclosure.) 

Questions put to two Indians taken in Spanish 
Crafts on the Lake Nicaragua the 27th. April, 1780: 

To Antonio Renomdes, an Indian. 

Q. Are you King's Pilot from Granada here and 
back ? A. Yes. 

Q. Do you pay tribute to the King? A. I pay 5 
Pieces of Eight 

Q. What do you get for Pilotage from and to 
Granada ? A. Five ps of Eight each time. 

Q. Is there not an Island on the Lake entirely Inhab- 
ited by Indians? A. Yes. 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1780. 225 

Q. How many Indians live on that Island ? A. The 
other Pilot has an Account of them all. 

Q. How far is the Island from the River's Mouth ? 
A. If yoii was to go from the Mouth of the River 
Early, you would get to the Island about this time. 
(Note. It's now about 1 1 o'Clock.) 

Q. Is there any Island before we come to the Indian 
Island ? A. None nearer the mouth of the River. 

Q. Will you undertake to Pilot the English to 
Granada? A. I will. 

Q. How many Pilots are of you ? A. Two. 

Q. How many of you Indians are among the 
Prisoners ? A. Eight that were taken with me. 

Q. If you will inform me who are Slaves among the 
Prisoners, I will reward you. A. There are none ; the 
Slaves are all at Granada. 

Q. How many days with Spanish Crafts do you 
take from here to Granada ? A. Seven days — two to 
the Lake and five Days a Cross. 

Q. Do you coast it in the Lake or go across through 
it? A. We pass from Island to Island and Sleep Every 
night. 

To Baltezar Condego, an Indian. 

Q. Are you Employed as King's Pilot from and to 
Granada? A. Yes. 

Q, Are you tributary to Spain ? A. Yes. 

Q. What do you pay per Annum ? A. Three ps of 
Eight ; Viz., 2 for myself and i for my wife. Children 
of 18 Years old Pay as Men and Women. 

Q. You will Stay and Pilot the Army to Granada ? 
A. Yes. But it seemed to be with reluctance. 

Q. Is there not an Island on the Lake Inhabited by 
Indians ? A. Yes ; I am one of them, and it's called 
Ometepe. 

Q. How many Indians live on that Island? A. 
About a thousand — Men, Women, and Children. 

Q. Is there any Spaniards on it? A. None but a 
Priest. 

VOL.'lI — 15 



226 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I780. 

Q. Will you agree to get the Indians to remain 
Neutral,.and I will give you a Protection, that no Injury 
is done to any person or their Effects, but will pay for 
what you can spare ? A. I think the Indians would 
agree to that, as they are very poor, and paying tribute 
Yearly without knowing for what. 

Q. How are the Inhabitants of the Island Main- 
tained ? A, They rear Cattle, Corn or Maize, Plantains 
and Stock. 

Q. What Number of Cattle may be on the Island ? 
A. Many thousand, but can't say how many. 

Q. How large is the Island? A. I cannot tell. 
There are two Towns on it, One of Indians and the 
Other Mestizes. 

Q. Are the Towns near the End of the Island next 
the River's Mouth ? A. They are not ; the Mestizes are 
on the Water side and near the Middle of the Island on 
the North side, tlie Indian Town inland. 

Q. Is there any Cattle Pens on the Main near the 
Mouth of the Lake ? A. None. 

Q, What time does the Heavy Rains set in.*^ A. In 
October. 

Q. Have you much Rain in June, July, August, and 
September? A. Not much. It rains sometimes for two 
or three days, and then holds up for a Month. 

Q. Were you not come from Granada when you was 
taken? A. Yes. 

Q. Have they many Soldiers at Granada ? A. No ; 
they must get them from Leon. 

Q. Have they many Soldiers at Leon ? A. They 
have no Regulars, but Obliged to Muster Mulattoes and 
Samboes from different parts. 

Q. How far from Granada to Leon? A. Seven 

Leagues. 

Q. Is Granada a very large Town? A. Not very 
large ; a good Middling Town. 

Q. How many houses have you on your Island, and 
what kind? A. They are thatched and small, but can- 
not say how many. 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I780. 22/ 

Q. When you left Granada was there any Troops 
ordered here ? A. None that I know. 

Q. Is there any Vessels on the Lake? A. Yes; 
there are two Chatts with some Swivels. 

Q. Is there any Fortification at Granada? A. None; 
they have a few Guns lying on the Beach, on Carriages. 

Q. How near is Granada to the Lake side ? A. It's 
on the Lake side. 

To Juan Paulino, an old Spanish Soldier. 

Q. What age are you ? A. Seventy Years old. 

Q. How long have you lived at this Castle? A. 
Fifty Years, Except a few Months at Granada for my 
health. 

Q. What Weather have you here in May ? A. Small 
Rains here at Granada. 

Q. What Weather have you in June, July, August, 
September, and October? A. Heavy Rains and floods 
both here and at Granada. 

Q. When have you the best Weather? A. In 
November, December, January, February, March, April, 
and May. 

Jno. Poison. 



13th. May, 1780. 

Sir: 

After finishing and putting up my letters Capt. 
Schroeter has called on me with the best Account he 
can get of the Detachment sent from St. John's Har- 
bour under the Command of Capt. Aldred, viz.: 2 
Captains, i Lieutenant, 3 Ensigns, and 66 Non-Com- 
missioned officers and Privates, of which last 3 Died 
and 4 were sent back Sick to St. John's Harbour, so that 
59 Non-Commissioned officers and Privates are now 
here of his party. 

I am Sorry to tell you the Soldiers here are quite 
Naked, without Shirts, Trousers, or Shoes. If there 
are any of these Articles to be sold at St. John's, I wish 



228 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 

the Seller would bring them here. Some plan must be 
fell on or the Men will be ruined. 

I am, Dear Sir, 
Your most Humble Servant, 

J no. Poison. 
To Gen, Kemble. 

Endorsed. Reed. May 13th. from Capt. Schroeter, 
Legion. 

St. John's Castle, 14th. May, 1780. 

Sir : 

4 o'clock in the morning. 

It just now Occurred to me that I forgot to report 
to you the Death of Capt. Hart, of the Loyal Irish 
Corps, a truly honest, worthy man. He was the only 
Captain I had for duty on the 2d. Inst. He was 
attacked by a fever the morning of the 3d. and died in 
about Six days after. 

Serjeant Murray, of the 79th. Regiment, who allowed 
his Guard to be asleep and Surprised the 26th. ulto., 
and one of the Guard who threw away his arms when 
the Guard was fired upon, are both in confinement, and I 
did and still do intend to have them tried for their lives. 

You will see by the Return of the 30th. ulto. that 
four Men of our Battalion Deserted, and one of the 
Loyal Irish ; two of ours have already come in, and the 
man of the Loyal Irish ; the other two of ours are yet 
in this neighbourhood, and I Expect them in daily. I 
hope you will Order them all to be tried ; none of them 
came in while they could live in the woods, nor before 
the place surrendered. 

The Power which Gen. Dalling gave me to hold 
General Court Martial, I believe I left it in a Small 
Box of mine that I left in the Cabin of the Hinchin- 
brooke, on the Top of which is engraved, by old Lieut. 
Nordburg, ** Lieut. John Poison'' But as your Arrival 
takes that Power out of me, it will not be Necessary 
to send up the Box. Should any change of Measures 
prevent you or CoU Dalrymple's coming up soon, I 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 229 

wish you would Order a General Court Martial on 
these people. 

It is not in my power to send you Returns, every 
one being Sick, some Companies have not a non-Com- 
missioned Officer that can come to a Parade. 

I am, Dear sir, with great respect, 

Your most Humble Servant, 

J no. Poison. 

N. B. It will be Necessary to Employ an Engineer 
here to fortify the high grounds, and you will require 
another always with the Army that Advances, for our 
Officers have little Experience of Service, and it will 
become necessary to throw up works in many places 
as a defence against Numbers, and Security for Pro- 
vision and Stores. 
To Gen. Kenible. J. P. 

Endorsed. 14th. May, 4 o'Clock in the morning. 
Rec'd about 1 at noon. 

Kingston, i8th. May, 1780. 

Sir : 

The immense hurry of business, in which his 
Excellency is now involved, putting it absolutely out 
of his power to answer your letter of the 30th. of 
April, I have it in command from him to inform you, 
that, by the last dispatches brought by the Thynne 
Packet, the Troops allotted for the Service on the Lake 
of Nicaragua are hourly to be expected, and that im- 
mediately on their arrival his Excellency intends pro- 
ceeding with them to St. John's Harbour. 

By the Grantham Packet just arrived in 35 days we 
are informed that the troops were put back by hard 
weather; therefore their arrival is not to be expected 
so soon. 

Yesterday arrived the Victor with your dispatches. 
His Excellency hopes ere now that the Fort of St. 
John has surrendered, and that everything will be in 
train for him to push forward with rapidity. Col. 



230 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 

Poison's letter to you gives him some uneasiness ; 
however, as sickness is generally the consequence of 
the first Military exertions in these Climes, he is the 
less alarmed, particularly as the Troops have been 
well provided with all necessary Medicines and Med- 
ical Gentlemen, and as he is confident every attention 
has been paid to them by the Commanding Officer. 

His Excellency dispatches this Vessel with the sole 
view of getting intelligence. She has orders to remain 
but 24 hours at St. John's, and to return immediately. 
Whatever kind of information you can afford, either 
as to the route his Excellency is to pursue on his 
arrival at St. John's, what difficulties to be avoided, or 
anything else that may prove of any consequence, his 
Excellency expects you will immediatelytransmittohim. 

In a few days another Vessel, of 20 Guns, goes down 
to St. John's with everything that can be obtained of 
those things you have mentioned in your letter. 

I have the honour to be. Sir, 

Your Very humble and Obedient Servant, 

Edward Barry, Secretary. 
To Brig.' Gen. Ke^nble. 

Endorsed. Received the 12th. June. Answered. 



Kingston, May 21st., 1780. 
Sir : 

I am ordered by his Excellency the General to 
Inform you that the Bearer hereof, Capt McNaughton 
of the Schooner Kingston, is dispatched with a view 
of glutting intelligence relative to the Operations at 
the fort of St. John's, should you have had any Au- 
thentic accounts of the Surrender of the fort, and that 
a Vessel has already been dispatched to give the Gen- 
eral the necessary intelligence, then you are to keep 
the Vessel to bring up further Information ; Should 
you not have Received full accounts of its Surrender, 
then you are to send up to Brig.-Gen. Kemble if at 
St. John's, or to Col. Poison should he be in Com- 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I780. 23 1 

mand, to know the Situation of Affairs, which when 
once acquired, you are to dispatch this Vessel, as she 
is intended to be an established Packet between Ja- 
maica and St. John's. 

I Have the honour to be, Sir, 

Your very Humble and Obedient Servant, 

Edward Barry, Secretary. 

P. S. You are requested to send a Copy of this 
Letter to the Commanding Officer at St. John's. 

To the Commanding Officer at the Harbour of St. Johns. 
Endorsed. Received the 12th. June. Answered. 



General Return of the Troops under Command of 
Brig. -Gen. Kemble, Camp near St. John's Castle, May 
22d., 1780. 

Regulars. Commissioned Officers : i Brigadier- 
General, 5 Captains, 9 Lieutenants, i Ensign, 2 acting 
Ensigns. Staff : i Acting Adjutant-General, i Chief 
Engineer, i Quarter Master General, i deputy ditto, 

2 Mates, 1 7 Serjeants (6 for duty, 7 sick, i prisoner, 

3 on command), 8 drummers (4 for duty, 2 sick, 2 on 
command), 375 Rank and File (99 fit for duty, 124 
sick in hospital, 63 sick in camp, 6 prisoners, 68 on 
command, 15 convalescent). 

Artillery, i Lieutenant Fireworker, 2 Conductors, 
I Bombardier. 

Jamaica Volunteers, i Major, i Lieutenant, 15 
Serjeants (i fit for duty, 11 Sick, 3 on command), 5 
Drummers (3 fit for duty, i Sick, i on Command), 
157 Rank aod File (20 fit for duty, 76 sick in camp, 
61 on command). 

Jamaica Legion. 3 Ensigns, 2 Serjeants (i sick), 
60 Rank and File (23 fit for duty, 17 sick in hospital, 
20 sick in Camp). 

Oflficers Sick Present. — 60th. Regiment : Lieut. 
Fahy, Lieut. Haldimand, Lieut. Davis, Acting Ensign 
Vernon. 79th. Regiment, Light Co. : Capt. Despard, 



232 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I 780. 

Lieut. Gascoyne. Detachment : Lieut. Knox, Lieut 
Bromley, Ensign Temperley. Royal Irish Corps : 
Lieut. Leo. 

Staff Officers. — 79th Regiment : Capt. Richard 
Bulkeley, Acting Adjutant- General ; Lieut. Despard, 
Chief Engineer. 60th. Regiment : Capt. Poison, 
Quarter Master General ; Capt. Hallam, Deputy Quar- 
ter Master General ; Peter Walsh, Surgeon General ; 
Thomas Dancer, Hospital Surgeon ; Dr. Gallagher, 
Hospital Mate ; Mate Henderson, on duty at St. 
John's Harbour. 

Absent Officers. — 79th. Regiment: Lieut. James 
Mounsey, on leave; Lieut. Thomas Mounsey, on leave. 
60th. Regiment : Lieut. Browne on duty on St. John's 
Harbour. Loyal Irish Corps : Lieut. Dowlin, on 
command. 

Kingston, May the 22d., 1780. 
Sir : 

I am ordered by his Excellency the General to 
inform you that in the Schooner Kingston an Ensign 
and 25 Men of the New raised Corps of Royal Batteaux 
Men go down with the Artillery men and Officer men- 
tioned in my Last. 

I have the honour to be, Sir, 

Your Very humble and Obedient Servant, 

Edward Barry, Secretary. 
To Brig.'Gen. Kemble, 

Endorsed. Received 12th. June. Answered. 



Kingston, Jamaica, 22d. May, 1780. 
Sir : 

Mr. Ross has forwarded a list of the Guns, am- 
munition, and military Stores on board the Venus and 
Monarch Transports purchased for Government use ; 
of course they are entirely at your disposal, Advert- 
ing to the necessity of leaving a small proportion for 
their Security on their Return to Jamaica, which 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1780. 233 

quantity you will report to the Agent General here, 

that he may take possession of them for His Majesty. 

I am. Sir, Your most obedient and most humble, 

John Bailing. 

Endorsed. Received 12th. June. Answered. 



Jamaica, May the 27th., 1780. 

Your dispatches of the 4th., 5th., 7th., and 8th. of 
May have all come to hand. On the reduction of the 
important Fort and post on the River St. John's, I most 
sincerely congratulate you ; it must necessarily lead to 
other objects with a facility that must even surprise our- 
selves. Poison's conduct has been most praiseworthy 
in every point of view ; his merit will receive that sup- 
port it is entitled to, and I trust will not only be 
acknowledged but recompensed by our gracious Sov- 
ereign. It is wonderful he met with so few obstacles 
in his passage up the Bugbear river St. John's. Diffi- 
culties in unexplored countries are ever to be expected, 
but that the want of craft should be the only one 
amazes me. I acknowledge its magnitude, but before 
this time, I flattered myself, Collins has joined you with 
some. I am now forwarding a number, and more will 
soon succeed, and, had not the fleet put back by con- 
trary winds, you would have had plenty of all kinds 
long before this time from England ; in short, rest 
assured of my activity and determination to supply all 
your wants; despond not, for I will answer in a small 
space of time that the whole river shall be covered with 
craft from the river's mouth to the very Lake. The 
Villainy of the people on the Shore, and the defection 
of the Indians could not have been foreseen ; the lat- 
ter, however, do not for that become our Enemies. 

Batteaux men, all Seamen, are embarked to the 
number of 160, with a small detachment of regulars, 
artificers, labourers, and seafaring Negroes. Enclosed 
are some Ideas for your farther security in case they 
hould be adapted to your Situation and circumstances. 



234 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 

The same rank which his Majesty has been pleased 
to grant to the Provincial troops serving with his reg- 
ular forces is to take place in the body under your 
command, which you will put in orders. I would have 
you notify privately my determination not to give in 
future any rank above that of a Captain to the Pro- 
vincial officers ; in general, you will keep them as 
separately as possible. If there is a possibility of pro- 
curing any fresh provisions, you will take the Steps the 
most likely to acquire them. By information, you may 
probably get at the knowledge whether they are to be 
had within reach or not ; Suppose an herald to be 
sent to demand a Supply, not as absolutely wanting 
them, but as a Variety for the army, threatening devas- 
tation if refused, or if injury done to the Messenger ; 
in Short, every means must be hit on to Supply the 
army in this most necessary article. 

I need not point out to you the necessity of getting 
up every kind of provision in your power, and in as 
great a quantity as you can. St. John's must now be 
a grand depot, both of those and all military stores ; 
but in the exertions for forwarding such matters, the 
latter are always to give way to the former. We may, 
indeed, when we come to explore the cultivated parts 
before us, expect to find some provisions, but the 
greater likelihood that the Enemy will secrete as much 
as they can from our View ; therefore prudence directs 
us to expect only from the depot in our rear, until we 
Shall have been able to penetrate into the Interior 
part of the country ; then, I dare say, we shall find it 
sufficient to our wants. Keep firm our first hold, and 
you will soon see a body of troops that their Donships 
will never be able to look at without blinking. 

I wish you to obtain as much knowledge as you can 
of the River Matina to the Southward of you. The Vil- 
lage of that name is about Six miles from its mouth, 
and the City of Cartago about 20 miles fi-om thence, 
which is reported to be defenceless ; the Country about, 
and from Matina, good, tolerably inhabited, and abound- 



DCXrUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I 780. 235 

ing with cattle. As I have observed before, there is said 
to be a military road from the Lake to the City of four 
or five days' Journey; whether these things are so or not 
I cannot positively determine, but the inquiry may be 
verj' well worth the while. The Spaniards are also sup- 
posed to throw in supplies of whatever may be wanted 
for the Lake or the Fort of St. John by the Matina. I 
am much inclined to push a Corps by the above Village, 
particularly could you but co-operate from above. Car- 
tago would be a fine post, and, if there is such a road 
communicating with the Lake, supplies of Cattle, &c., 
might easily be forwarded to our people in and about 
St. John's. I much long for further information on this 
head, for it is probable that such an attack may take 
place on the arrival of the troops from Europe. By the 
enclosed letter you will see the devastation committed 
by the Spaniards at Black River ; it's contrary to one s 
nature, but with such Savages retaliation is absolutely 
necessary, for nothing else will work upon such people's 
minds, and forbearance would be but productive of 
farther inhumanity. A good number of people being 
now assembled at Rattan, 'tis probable that some part of 
tht^m may, with their Slaves, choose to be joined to a 
body I intend for the above attack, as I shall hold out 
particular advantages to them, and assure them of a 
lunction with a regular force at a rendezvous which shall 
be mentioned. I know not what to say to you as to 
the Indians ; those with you must be cherished and not 
obliged to conform to our strict military Ideas. In 
General, they must be allowed to walk in their own path, 
and every means must be made use of to keep a body of 
them with you, and they must be assured that they will 
soon receive everything their hearts can wish for. 
I am, Sir, 

Your most humble Servant, 

John Calling. 
To Brig.' Gen. Kemble, 

Enclosed I send you a copy of my answer to a letter 




S AXD CORRESPONDENCE, I780. 

s2 by Major Laarie, some trme ago, from the Gov- 
^::Drr oc Cocna}'agua ; by the contents you will readily 
penrsfre to what a degree of Savage devastation the 
~ rzy nsean to cstxry on this War, if they be not soon 
tried in their Villainous intentions. J. D. 

Endorsed. Received 6th. July. Answered, Enclos- 
in^ tiirther Instructions of 20th. May. First Copy re- 
ceired June 12. 

(Enclosure.) 

Jamaica, May the 29th., 1780. 
Sir: 
That the poor and defenceless Settlement of ours 
on Black River should fall to the Spanish arms, is not at 
all to be wondered at ; but that the Spanish Commander 
should wreak his vengeance, Don Quixote Like, on 
houses and sugar Mills, is not only astonishing but con- 
trarj- to Justice, and derogatory to the arms of OldSpaifi. 
However, Sir, with all respect to you and to the European 
Spanish nation, be assured that for every house you burn, 
a Village shall submit to our flame ; for every Village, a 
Town : and for every Town, if you have sufficient, a City. 
The ridiculous figure you are pleased to say that my 
nation cut the last year in Europe, in your letter to his 
Majesty s superintendent of the Shore, my Master's do- 
minion from the gift of the proprietors, may be believed 
bv the wretched unenlightened people on the Main ; 
but I flatter myself, and verily believe, your Nation will 
every whit be as conspicuous this war as they mani- 
fested themselves on entering into the contest at the 
latter end of the last. 

I am, &c., (Signed) John Bailing. 

To His Excellency the Governor of the Province 
of Honduras, at Comayagua. 

(Enclosure.) 

Jamaica, 20th. May, 1780. 
Further Instructions for Brig.-Gen. Kemble. 
On supposition that the Fort is taken, you are in- 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 237 

structed to provide the most comfortable Barracks for 
the Troops, to get up the Stores, ammunition, &c., to 
explore the Lake ; and the artificers are to be set to 
work, as fast as possible, to build respectable vessels. 

The Fort once taken and the command of the Lake 
ascertained, I shall consider as great and sufficient mat- 
ters. As a multiplicity of all kinds of articles are coming 
from home in the fleet for the use of the Indians, they 
are to be informed thereof, and their minds to be con- 
ciliated by informing them that in the interim, whatever 
things can be found here suitable for them shall be im- 
mediately dispatched. 

Batteaux, flat-bottom boats, gunboats, &c., are coming 
from England. 

Should the Fort not be taken, then you are to take 
post on the strongest ground, which must be well re- 
doubted and covered, taking care to get up Provisions 
and Stores, to impede succours being thrown into the 
Fort, and, if possible, to ascertain the command of the 
Lake, if for no other reason than to obtain fresh provis- 
ions from its borders ; perhaps it would not be amiss, if 
circumstances would admit, to occupy some Village as a 
Post on its banks. 

An officer and 4 Artillery men are sent in the express 
boat. I hope attention has been paid to send up the 
Gunner and 4 Mattresses at the time you sent up the 
Howitzers. About i5o Batteaux men, with a Subaltern 
and a Detachment of Regulars, will proceed in the Ship 
which will sail in eight days with every matter made 
mention of as wanting, in your letter ; in her also will 
sail Major Jenkins for Rattan, and a Surgeon and Mate 
for your Hospital, if to begot. Medicines are on board 
the express boat, and more shall be sent in the Ship, 
Lame Regulars, I imagine, will do for Rattan as well as 
the best, unless you should choose to send some of the 
irregular Troops. 

I hope to be able to sail from hence in a short time, 
and I flatter myself that most of the difficulties are now 
surmounted, and that the first delays will not be pro- 



238 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I 780. 

ductive of too serious consequences. You may be 
assured of my rectifying, as far as possible, what may be 
in my power, and replacing all matters that may have, 
through carelessness, or inattention, been either wasted 
or lost. Such accidents being of course to be expected 
from not having regular bred people to fill the different 
Departments on the first setting out. 

A road may be easily cut, as I am informed, between 
the Harbour of St. John's and the Fort, the ground being 
firm and not encumbered with underwood. I will send 
the Surveyor-General for that purpose with the neces- 
sary Slaves ; you will give him all the assistance in your 
power. 

I would have Major Dalrymple proceed, if possible, 
in the Rattan Ship, or some other way, to the Shore, and 
if necessary to the Bay, in order to collect Volunteers of 
all kinds for his Legion, as well as Slaves for various 
uses, being more fit for this kind of Service than any 
other person. I make no doubt of his readiness to set 
out immediatelv. 

I would advise that scouts be constantly kept out, 
under good officers, to learn the motions of the Enemy 
and to avoid surprises ; To get at every possible knowl- 
edge of the Country, not neglecting the Roads commu- 
nicating with Cartago and the intermediate Country. 

No Regular Troops are to be employed in labour but 
when the necessity is very pressing. 

I expect the Engineers are taking surveys or sketches 
of the adjacent Country, according to your former in- 
structions, and that they may be transmitted to me by 
every good opportunity. 

Various Craft are to be collected, and all impressed in 
case of necessity, from the neighbouring Islands and 
Continent, for which purpose a Vessel or Vessels must 
be dispatched. I will assiduously set about forwarding 
as many as I possibly can, and the Ship which, as before 
mentioned, will sail in a few days will carry some, also 
ammunition, and what Provisions can be collected. Red 
wine is likewise ordered for the Troops. Lieut-Col. 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 239 

Sir Alexander Leith will embark in her ; he will regulate 
everything relative to the Artillery, and will act in that 
department. It would not be amiss to join a certain 
proportion of men for that Service. 

John Dalling. 

• 

Kingston, 3d. June, 1780. 
Sir : 

By letters lately received from Rattan I am in- 
formed that, in consequence of the inroad of the Span- 
iards at St. George's Key and the Mosquito Shore, that 
Island begins to assume a degree of consequence from 
the number of settlers that have taken refuge in it. If, 
therefore, a force could be selected among those set- 
tlers, aided by a tolerable military one of regulars, I 
think a seasonable diversion might be effected by the 
Bay of Honduras, so as to call off the attention of the 
Spaniards from St. John's, and give them cause of 
suspicion for Guatemala, Omoa, St. Thomas, and any 
part of the Gulf of Dulce ; the taking of any one of 
which by surprise would affect the Spaniards in the 
most tender point. To undertake such a piece of ser- 
vice, an active, spirited officer must be pitched on. I 
know of no one more fitting than Major Dalrymple ; 
his local knowledge of that Country, and the vicinities, 
makes my choice the more eligible. Should my ideas 
on this head coincide with yours, it will afford me 
great satisfaction ; should, however, there exist any 
reasons, at this distance unknown to me, which would 
make such a choice ineligible — and such there un- 
doubtedly may — I leave the whole to your determina- 
tion. It strikes me strongly that the vSpaniard may 
be very much annoyed, or at least puzzled, by a spir- 
ited attack from Rattan Should Major Dalrymple 
choose this separate command, I do not think it pru- 
dent to spare him any part of the force acting with 
you ; he may continue in the command of the Legion, 
but the Adjutant Generalship he must of course part 
with. To the Officer who shall take upon himself this 



240 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I 780. 

separate command, every possible aid will be given, 
and he may be assured that my expectations will rise 
no higher than the capability with which he may be 
furnished. 

By this conveyance I am forwarding provisions and 
ammunition with the Officer appointed Commandant 
of that Island, and I will take care that nothing shall 
be wanting for the carrying into execution the above 
purposes; as necessity may require, farther reinforce- 
ments may be depended upon. 
I am, Sir, 

Your most obedient, humble Servant, 

John Calling. 
To Brig.-Gen. Kentble. 

Endorsed. Received 6th. July. Answered. 



Retirn of the Rooms in the Castle of St. John's, 

iiTH. June, 1780. 



No 



3 



5 

5 



\ 



to 
II 
It 



Situmticn. 



N, and next the Chapel 



N. B. the Chapel. 
South East 



Centre of South side. 



South west — 

West, cross Room below. 



North West 

North East 

Eastern, cross middle Room. 



I 



>uth side room 



Feet. 


Long. 


Broad. 


M 


14 


3a 
38 


IS 
«5 


14 


«4 


18 
37 


18 
18 


23 


14 


30 


xo 


40 


10 






14 

32 
28 



x6 
36 



30 



177 



Remarks. 



Leaky, and occupied by Lieut. Hill. 

Ensip^s TaafI and Wilcox. 
Occupied by Loyal Irish Corpus. 
Wants flooring ; occupied by Lieut. 

Napier, 2 Conductors, a Quarter 

Master, and Gunner. 
Occupied by Lieuts. Leiffh and Cook, 

Ensigns Colbum and Tacert. 
Loyal Irish Corps. 
Spanish Women, Lumber, | and 

Trash. 
Lavatory. 
Magazine. 
Loyal Irish, a kind of a Guard Bed 

in It. 

\ Dark and unhabitable. 

Guard room, and a good Guard Bed 
the length of the Room. 



Jas. Poison, Quarter Master General. 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 24I 

Jamaica, June the 23d., 1780. 

Sir : 

I wish, in case there should not be great reason to 
the contrary, that Major Dairy mple proceed to Rattan, 
and from thence endeavour to re-establish the Set- 
tlers who fled from Black River, and make use of any 
force which he may be able to form, so as to annoy the 
Enemy on the continent in the most efficacious man- 
ner. I Should think Black River should be the place 
at which this force should be collected. The Major 
would, if any man could, conciliate the minds of the 
Indians, and if the whole. Should not be wanted to the 
Westward, induce some to join our force to the East- 
ward. I have great confidence in his activity and fit- 
ness for all active points, and when regulars can be 
spared, some doubtless shall be forwarded, as well as 
all necessary matters, the moment I shall be made 
acquainted with the particulars. Should it so happen 
that the Major does not take upon him the duty, you 
are then to make choice of the Officer most likely to 
carry into Execution the above orders, and any other 
which may, from consideration, occur to you. 

The Superintendent should return to the Shore, try 
to conciliate the minds of the Indians, endeavour to get 
them to act up their own rivers against the Enemy, 
and perhaps persuade the bettermost ones to join the 
people of the Bay, so as to cause an alarm in or about 
the Gulf of Dulce, and the more Easterly ones to 
join our force again at St. John's. 

I am. Sir, Your most obedient Servant, 

John Calling. 
To Brig.-Gen. Kemble. 

P. S. Enclosed I send you further instructions for 
your future conduct. 

Endorsed. Received the 3d. August, Enclosing 
further Instructions. Answered in part. 

VOL. II— 16 



242 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 

(Enclosure.) 
Further Instructions for Brig.-Gen. Kemble. 

June 23d., 1780. 

Although the instructions you have already received 
are full and explicit with respect to my wish of estab- 
lishing a footing on the Lake of Nicaragua, yet in 
case that interesting object cannot be happily accom- 
plished, and which is of all others the most desirable, 
the secondary views of creating a serious jealousy in 
the province of Nicaragua, and the destroying of the 
Castle of St. John, are objects of such Essential con- 
sequence to the future success of his Majesty's arms 
in that quarter of the Globe, that I am persuaded they 
will be regarded by you with every possible attention. 

The longer your stay is made at the Eastern end of 
the Lake of Nicaragua, the more complete the Jeal- 
ousy of the Spaniards, and the more extensive their 
preparations in directing to that point their greatest 
powers and force from all quarters of the Country ; 
therefore the sooner you advance into the Country 
towards Granada, the more likely are the Operations 
of the Enemy to prove abortive. But in the discharge 
of that duty, which I am persuaded will be performed 
with every degree of military address on the part of 
your little army, you are not to hazard more than is 
absolutely necessary on that occasion ; the value of 
such a service will be always estimated from the con- 
duct displayed and loss sustained in accomplishing 
of it. 

However, as the principal force of the Spaniards 
seem at present directed against the progress of our 
army towards the Lake of Nicaragua, and' as their 
Numbers and the Nature of their posts may be such 
as to baffle your best efforts in forcing them to retire, 
I would recommend, rather than hazard a conflict 
which may be dubious in its success, and even if suc- 
cessful may perhaps be purchased at too extravagant 
a rate, to turn your ideas from further progressive 
motions into that country, and send off your Artillery 
and Stores for the harbour of St. John. That Service 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1780. 243 

accomplished, and as soon as the whole of your Craft 
shall arrive at the Castle of St. John, you will destroy 
such of the Enemy's Artillery as you cannot con- 
veniently carry along with you, blow up the Castle, 
withdraw yourself with the troops under your com- 
mand to the harbour of St. John, and without loss of 
time proceed from thence to Bluefields, where I have 
already sent an Officer to construct proper huts for 
the reception of your Army. I hope, however, in a 
very few weeks to have the pleasure of seeing you in 
Person, in a much more agreeable quarter. 

I need not point out to you, Sir, in case you should 
find it necessary to withdraw yourself from the Castle 
of St, John, the necessity there is of concealing your 
intentions from the Enemy, or of not declaring even 
to the troops under your command your intention of 
destroying that fort until it is impossible to avoid it ; 
neither need I suggest or advise the expedients to be 
used against the Enemy on that occasion, by advancing 
your troops frequently upon them, for the purpose of 
amusing them with false attacks, while your Artillery, 
ammunition, and Stores are Sliding off from the castle 
of St. John to the Harbour. These and other expe- 
dients for deceiving the Spaniards will be directed by 
you on the Spot, as objects present themselves, much 
better than it is possible for any person at this distance 
either to foresee or suggest. 

You will permit the Superintendent to return to the 
Shore for the reasons specified in the letter which I have 
written to him by this opportunity. You will with 
Major Dalrymple judge for me whether it will likely be 
more conducive to the good of the Service, the Major's 
remaining with you, or taking on himself the direction 
of matters to the Westward. 

Sir Alexander Leith's instructions will particularly 
lead him to forward provisions in preference to all other 
matters, but both provisions and Stores wanted above I 
would have removed as soon as possible to the first post 
at the mouth of the Colorado river, which Island Sir 
Alexander Leith is directed to fortify, and all provisions 



244 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1780, 

and Stores not wanted to be as readily removed to 
Bluefields harbour ; for as Enemy may then even dis- 
possess us of St. John s harbour for want of a Sufficient 
naval force to defend it, and after all neither be able to 
distress us on account of one or the other, nor venture 
so far up the river. 

Bluefields harbour will not admit of Large ships, and 
a few works thrown up about it will give it a Security 
St. John's harbour is incapable of. I hope I Shall be 
able to prevail on the Indians to make excursions up 
Bluefields river to the Falls, and 'tis not improbable 
but then we may with facility open a road from thence 
to the Lake about Mena (a town) not above, as I am 
told, three days' journey, or from 40 to 5o Miles. 

A sloop of 8 carriage guns owned and commanded 
by Joseph Everitt, a man exceedingly well acquainted 
with the Spanish coast and the different Indian tribes, I 
have ordered to be hired into the Service ot Govern- 
ment, and in a few days she will be dispatched to the 
Island of Rattan with a supply of Provisions for the use 
of the people employed on the public works ; also for a 
deposit, in the event of their being attacked and obliged 
to retire from the Battery at the entrance of the harbour, 
a few muskets, some gunpowder, and shot for the Can- 
non they have there. 

A great number of Negroes belonging to the late 
inhabitants of the Bay of Honduras are on that Island, 
well accustomed to going up river and working the 
Craft of that country; one hundred of the best and ablest 
to be hired, valued, and made good by Government to 
the proprietors, in the same manner as has been done 
for those hired in Kingston ; 5o of them to be immedi- 
ately transported to St. John's in Captain Everitt's Ves- 
sel, and 5o in another to be hired for that purpose. 

To be sent down in this Vessel ;^5oo Sterling value 
in Articles the best suited for the Indians, to be distrib- 
uted to those who served under Col. Poison or as shall 
appear best or most likely to conciliate their affections, 
by removing any misunderstanding which may have 
arose in consequence of their having been refused the 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1780. 246 

prisoners of colour taken at the Fort of St. John, and to 
incite them to make incursions up the rivers of their 
own Country into the territories of the Spaniards, 

Two Settlers on the Shore, named Grant and Pitt, 
possess gangs of able-bodied negro tradesmen, born on 
the Shore, they propose settling at Pearl Key Lagoon, 
Capt. Everitt is to call at their Settlements, and to 
agree with them to remove to Bluefields to work under 
the Engineer, intended to be sent from hence for forti- 
fying that harbour and building temporary houses or 
huts for the reception of troops. 

A Large sloop will sail in Eight days for St John's 
with a large Supply of Irish provisions obtained in 
consequence of the arrival of the Cork Fleet, with 20 
Hogshead of Sherry wine, some Sugar, Tobacco, and 
other necessaries for the use of the troops. 

A Large quantity of Canvas painted and prepared in 
a peculiar manner, for coverings for the boats going up 
the river and for the use of the troops, with a quantity 
of boards, plank Nails, tradesmen's tools, &c, (the four 
last-mentioned Articles are for the construction of 
proper accommodation for the use of the troops) to be 
carried to Bluefields after Landing at St. John's the first 
Specified Articles. Six Carronades (18 pounders), 
with a Sufficient quantity of Shot, &c., to be sent from 
hence for Bluefields. Any attack that can be made on 
that harbour must be by small Vessels, on account of 
the Shallowness of the Water on the Bar, and by land- 
ing troops ; therefore the Carronades are looked upon as 
likely to be useful for Grape, &c. Eight 6 pounders to 
be taken from the Ship Venus at St. John's harbour, 
and sent* to Bluefields for the further defence of that 
harbour, as likewise 3 Months' provisions for 100 Men 
to be employed there as tradesmen and Labourers. 

John Dalling. 

Jamaica, June 22d,, 1780. 
Sir : 
Capt Fotheringham, in a letter to Sir Peter Parker, 
complains that the Battery on the point is not even yet 



246 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I780. 

one-third finished; I wish you to expedite it all in 
your power, and in case you should not have sufficient 
strength to carry it on, I desire you will apply for as- 
sistance from the commanding Officer of any troops 
which may hereafter be forwarded, particularly of Ne- 
groes, or hire men, if you should be able so to do, allow- 
ing them a sufficient pay for their labour. I make no 
doubt of your carrying on this work as rapidly as pos- 
sible. Wishing you health, I am, 

Your most obedient Servant, 

John Dalling. 

To the Engineer or commanding officer of 
the Kings troops in St. Johns Harbour. 

Received August 3d. 



{Private^ 

Jamaica, June the 23d., 1780. 
Sir : 

I do not wish to find fault with my friend Poison, 
but on such an occasion the Indians should have been 
satisfied, particularly when we knew they did not want 
to retain in order to use their Prisoners ill, and when it 
was not clear that, because the people of Colom taken, 
said they were free, they really were so. I very well 
recollect that Duke Isaac would have nothing to do with 
the Negro slaves, because he said they were damned 
Saucy, nor with the white people, but desired a propor- 
tion of those of Colour might be allowed for no other 
purpose but to be about their houses and help to culti- 
vate their plantations. This, in all probability, slipped 
Poison's memory. It passed at Fort Augusta. 

I am your most obedient, 

John Dalling. 
To Brig.' Gen. Kemble. 

P. S. I wish you to let your officers know, particularly 
the young ones, to be cautious what they write on public 
matters ; for should they transmit to this Island an ac- 
count of hardships, difficulties, and the distresses they 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 247 

have laboured under, it will serve but to hurt the ser- 
vice and impede my raising reinforcements, not only 
necessary for them, but take off the greater Part of 
their hereafter fatigue. On my side assure them of 
every attention, comfort, and assistance in my power to 
give. 

J.D. 

Endorsed. Received August 3d. Answered. 



Governor's Office, June the 23d., 1780. 
Sir: 

I am commanded by his Excellency the General to 

forward to you the Enclosed, which you are to put in the 

Enemy's way, with any other insignificant papers with it, 

in order that the deceit may the more readily take effect. 

I have the honour to be. Sir, 

Your very humble Servant, 

Edward Barry, Secretary. 
It is marked thus (3). 

To Brig.'Gen. KemblCy Commander in Chief y St. Johns. 

P. S. — Enclosed I send you copy of a letter to the 
Engineer at St. John's Harbour. 

E. B. 

Endorsed. Received August 3d., 1780. A^ismered, 
Enclosing a letter to be thrown in the Enemy's way. 



Return of Officers belonging to the Corps of Jamaica 
Royal Volunteers, Commanded by John Macdonald, 
Esq., Major Commandant, 24th. June, 1780 : 

Major Commandant — John Macdonald, Esquire. 
Captain — Pierce Cooke. 

** William Macdonald. 

** John Bertrand (died i5th. May, 1780). 

** Edward Davis. 

** Roger Shakespeare (died 7th. April). 



24S riccntiA :^ and correspondence, 1780. 

E=c — jotn PeDeCt. 

Tbofnas Fitzgerald. 

William Gale Coke (resigned 24th. June), 
Jacses Douglas (on duty at St. John's Har- 
bour). 
Alexander McLean. 
SEgr: — Simon Booth (on duty at Cooke's Post). 
WiUxam Turner. 
Tohn I>a\Ts (on dut}' at Cooke's Post). 
A>rr:^:— John Pellett. 

Cyaner Master — Laughlan McLean (died 17th. May). 
Scrgicoa — Bates Watson. 
Scrv:eoQ s Mate — Piercv Cook. 

N.R. Lieut. Morris (now of the Legion) was origi- 
zul2t a Lieutenant in this Corps, which occasions a va 
cai>cy S3)ce his appointment in the Legion. 

J. Macdonald, 

Major Commandant. 

Mivc Macdonakl begs leave to recommend the fol- 
lowEri^ Geatjemen to Gen. Kemble for promotion in the 
Corps ofjamaka Rox-al Volunteers : Lieut, and Adjutant 
Tccin Peljeti to be Captain, Ensign Simon Booth to be 
liecns^nanr, James Farquhar to be Ensign, Bryan Mighan 
tv^ b^ Ad-ucant. William Macdonald Quarter Master. 

J. Macdonald, 

Major Commandant. 
tune 2d ir^ 

Renim of Roxal Jamaica Volunteers, St. John s Har- 
bour. Sept 1 5. 1780, by William Macdonald, Captain : 

0:ncers Present — 2 Captains, i Adjutant, i Surgeon's 

Mate. 

Serieants. — 2 present, 2 at St John s Castle. 
Drummers. — 5 present, i at St John's Casde, i at 

lamaica. 

Rank and File. — 3 present and fit for duty, 16 Sick, 10 
at St lohns Casde, 4 at Bluefields, 2 at Colorado Island, 
2 absent by leave, i sen-ant Total Rank and File, 38. 
TotaI» including officers on command, &c, 60. 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I780. 249 

Absent Officers. — Major Commandant John Macdon- 
ald at Jamaica, Lieut. Thomas Fitzgerald at Bluefields, 
Lieut Alexander McLean at Jamaica, Surgeon Bates 
Watson at Jamaica. 

On Duty. — Capt. John Pellett, Commanding at Color- 
ado Island ; Ensign William Turner and Ensign James 
Farquhar, at St. John's Castle. 



The Bearing and Distance of the Different Reaches from the 
Castle of St. John's to the Lake Nicaragua, taken Tuesday,, 
the I 6th. May, 1780, at 4 o'Clock in the Afternoon. 

Reach. Bearing. Miles. 

May i6lh ist. N. W. 1 

2d. S. W. M 

Large Creek, right hand 3d. S. 1%, 

Slept here first night 4th. S. E. ^ 

May ijih 5th. S. B. E. ^ 

A large Creek on right hand 6th. W. % 

7th. W. N. W. }i 

8th. W. N. W. % 

A landing place with a shed on the 

left 9th. N. yi 

A large Island on the right upper- ) lOth. N. W. y^\ 

most end, begins the rapids ) i ith. W. N. W. >^ J 

A large Creek on the right 12th. S. W. B. S. H 

Two Grass Kaeys on right 13th. N. W. i 

14 th. W. 1% 

15th. W.S. W. % 

1 6th. W. N. W. ^ 

A Creek on the right 1 7th. N. W. i 

1 8th. >f. N. W. % 

A Creek on right 19th. W.B.N. 1% 

Slept here 20th. S. W. ^ 

May i8th. 
A large Island on right and Moun- 
tain in sight, bearing S. W 21st. W. >2 

Small creek on right and one on left 2 2d. S. W. B. S. ]^ 

A creek on right 23d. N. W. B. N. hi 

24th. S. W. ^ 

Two Huts on right, Creek on left. 25th. W. \]^ 
An Island and two Creeks on the 

right 26th. N. N.W. \% 

Two Creeks on the right 27th. W. B. N. i 

A large Mud Bank on the right 
about 120 Yards from the Bank, 

under water 28th. S. W. i ^ 



2 5o DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 178a 

RemeA. Mamnm, MiUt. 



A Grass Key on left ; slept here 2 

nights 29th. W. 2 

Opened the Lake 30th. \V, S. W. 1 

K. B. — Masts and sails for Craft must be got here before die troops 
move up. 

Remarks. 

At iht^ Kn trance of the Lake on the Northermost 
sivlo is a Hroast Work 46 feet long, y/2 feet high, and 
two Wv\ thick, with stakes drove in the Ground, filled 
UP with Straw and dry trash in the middle, a small 
Shrvi a; lippor imuI facinjj down the Riven This Point 
wr aa\r vmKovI Toint Expectation ; around Hill near the 
I\miU vvnc rod with timber. On the Southermost side 
vM ilu* Kixrr. Unv swampy ground covered with Scots 
vira*-*- ; unuul Point Expectation is a Shed from whence 
wr tov^k a \'icw of the Lake, and observed from thence 
a Sloop ai Anchor hearing \V. S. W., distant 4 miles ; 
Mn .ippoaianco socmrd to us to be about 60 Tons. 
.Anoihn Sloop wo discovered under Sail about 4 Miles 
laiihci otl. steering about West. An Island in the 
I ako piriiv liigh. l>caring S. W. B. S., distant 9 miles. 
A ^^inall IsKuul W. half S., 12 miles. A large Island 
Wr-a. K"^ Miles. Two high Islands seemingly joined, 
beaiini; W • ^- ^^ •» *- Leagues. A small Kay appear- 
\\v,\ like three Cfafts uiuUt Sail, bears S. W. B. W., 9 
miie*». lour high Mountains, the ist. Bearing W. S. W., 
The 'il. S. \\ . 1>. W., ^ul. S. W. B. S., 4th. Bearing 

S. W, W. 

In \M>ini; through tlur Rapids, keep on the left hand 

neai INW» thirds ot ilu* way up. And then cross over to 

the ii\:ht upv>n a Slope forming a kind of an S, taking 

i-are ol the SimktMi Rocks near which you must pass. 

In the rhaiuH-1 there is full three feet Water. 

James Wright. 

/;. /it/i;. (nf/, A'A ///<•// Kcmblty Commander 

,^f Hi\ Mii/i'stys forces at St. Johns Castle. 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1780. 25 1 

Courses of St. John's River from the Castle to the Harbour. 

By Captain Lamb. 



COURSES. 


YARDS. 
2,700 


RBMARKS. 


• 


S. E. 


70 






N. E. 


70 


440 






S. E. 


51 


3»520 


Lookout Island. 






46 


264 


Lookout Island on lefl. 






26 


240 


Length of Island. 






20 


360 






S. W. 


15 


180 


Small Island on left. 




N, E. 


80 


1,100 






S, E. 


22 
60 


1,000 
450 








30 


600 


To Island head of falls. 






45 


360 


Length of Island. 






70 


230 


• 




N. E. 


35 


700 


Rocks and Falls. 




S. E. 


46 


440 


Creek on River. 




N.E. 


35 
60 


330 
320 








66 


70 
130 


To falls ; creek on left 




S. E. 


80 


70 


Small Island on right. 








670 


A creek on each side. 








220 






N.E. 


80 
65 


3.300 

220 






S. E. 


75 
30 


1,760 
320 


- 






70 


230 






N.E. 


76 


880 


- 




S, E. 


58 

15 
30 


1,100 

660 

1,110 






S. W. 


50 
57 
20 


1,760 

1,760 

230 






N. E. 


30 

85 


1,760 

240 

3,000 






S. E. 


35 
60 


560 
140 






N. E. 


70 


1,320 






S. E. 


68 


180 







252 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I780. 



COURSES. 


• YARDS. 


REMARKS. 




50 


180 




• 


10 


120 




s. w. 


53 


150 




S. E. 


26 


130 


• 




30 


880 


To an Island and Costa Rica River on 
right, going up S. £. 20. 


N. E. 


42 


270 




N. 




120 




N. E. 


65 


880 




S. E. 


80 


1,830 






74 


3,080 






20 


660 






45 


370 


. 


N. E. 


40 


960 






80 


270 




S. E. 


76 


1,940 


An Island on right. 






580 


Another Island 12 chains long. 


N. E. 


64 


600 


This Point narrow. 


N. W. 25 


& 30 


220 




N. E. 


55 


600 




S. E. 


74 


1,000 




N. E. 


66 


320 




N. & N. W. 


10 


900 


. 


N. E. 


25 


340 






70 


320 




S. E. 


65 


900 






40 


580 


To a large Island. 






1,100 


Small Island close to the right. 






220 


A large Island. 




75 


560 
220 


End of the Island. 




34 


220 






70 


2,000 


An Island about two-thirds down on left. 




35 


1,320 


To an Island, 




55 


140 






80 


3,600 


Half-way down Creek on right. 


S. W. 


10 


140 


To Serapique River on right S. W, 80. 


S. E. 


40 


140 




To 


60 


150 


Small Island on left. 


N. E. 


63 


2,200 








1,500 


To two small Islands on left. 


S. E. 


86 


1,320 


A large Island ; small one on right. 


N. E. 


20 


2,440 






68 


560 


The Nicaragua branch on left, and an 








Island on right. 

• 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 263 



COURSKS. 


YARDS. 


REMARKS. 






IIO 


A small Island on left. 






440 




• 




1,000 


To a small Island and two in middle of 
River. 




49 


900 






10 


1,500 






64 


1,900 






71 


1,320 


Cook's Island. 




50 


620 


An Island on the Point of Colorada 
Branch, this branch on right. 


N. E. 


50 


2,000 


To an Island on right. 




60 


1,320 






55 


340 
1,100 






70 


660 


An Island on right. 




84 


1,900 






60 


1,122 






30 


570 






24 


370 


Grass Island. 






1,400 


Grass Island. 


N. W. 


15 


340 






12 


320 




N. W. 


35 


1,000 


Island both hands. 




*^ ^ 


670 


Island both hands. 




25 


440 
660 
560 




N. 




2,200 


Many small Islands. 






1,320 


St. John's branch N. E. 40. 


N. W. 


75 


266 






60 


270 






40 


120 




s. w. 


75 


220 




N. W. 


70 


350 




N. E. 


l^ 


350 




N. 




270 




N. W. 


60 


120 


Nicaragua branch up S. W. 40. 


N. E. 


12 


260 
176 


Down to Harbour look. 


N. W. 


25 


660 


Lookout point. 




35 


660 


Harbour, or River Mouth. 




99.648 





254 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1780. 
Distance and Course from St. John's Harbour to the Rapids. 







LBNGTH OF BACH RSACH. 


DATES WHBN TAKBN. 


COURSB. 










Miles. 


Yards. 


28th. March, 1780 


S. £. D. S. 
S. B. W. 


2 

I 




Quit the Nicaragua branch. . . 






S. £. 6. £. 




300 




S.iW. 
S.W. 




300 






100 




S. £. B. £. 




450 




s. 


I 






S. S. £. 


I 






s. 




200 




w. 




ICX) 




S. B. W. 


I 






W. 




100 


^oth. March 


s 




TOO 


J ^^ •• • • • ■ ^ •^ • ^# •• WSSVVWSVsV99#V 


o. 0. £. 




300 




S. S. E. i E. 


I 


900 




s, w. 




100 




S.E. 




900 




S. B. E. 


I 






s. w. 




450 




s. s. w. 




200 




S. E. 




50 




S. W. B. S. 




600 




W. 




50 




s. s. w. 




60 




N.W. 




50 




w. 




60 




W. B. S. 




600 




S. W. B. W. 




500 




W. B. S. 




600 




W. 


I 




1st Aoril 


W. S. W. 


I 


900 


X Oii« **kyi*i ••••••••••••■ •••• 


S. S. W. 




50 




W. B. S. 




200 




W. S. W. 


3 


900 




W. B. S. 




900 


Enter the Coloradoes 


W. 


2 


900 


2d. Aoril 


S. B. W. 




450 


^ V4 . * K ••.•..••■•■ .... .... 


S. W. J W. 


2 


' J 




W. B. S. 




1,400 




W. B. S. i S. 


I 


450 


1 


S. W. J S. 


I 


450 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1780. 255 



V« M *««^^tf> VIFVJt ^^%9 ^V* A M^ W^%9 




LENGTH OP 


KACH REACH. 


DATES WHKN TAKEN. 


ORDERS, 


Miles. 


Yards. 




s. s. w. 




800 




S. W. B. W. A W. 




600 




W. B. N. 


I 


900 




W. S. W. 


I 


800 


^d. April 


W S W 




1,400 
900 


^ f^*"* ••••••••••••• •••• 


S. W. B. W. 






N. W. B. N. 




600 




W. B. N. 


2 






N. W. J W. 


I 






N. W. 4 N. 
W. N. W. 


I 






2 






N. W. 4 N. 




200 




W. N. W. 


I 


900 




N. W. I N. 


I 




4th. April 


N. W. i N. 
N. W. I W. 




800 


^^P ^^^ • ^ ^» m^ ^ m ^ w W W 9 CVVVVV »••■•• 




800 




W. B. S. 




i^'OO 




S. B. W. 


I 


440 




S. B. W. 4 W. 




300 




W. B. S. 




440 




W. N. W. 


I 


200 




W. B. S. 




600 




S. W. B. W. 


I 






W. B. N. 


I 






N. W. B. W. 


I 


880 




W. B. S. 




600 




S. W. B. W. X W. 


I 






W. B. S. 




300 


5th. April 


W. B. N. 




300 




N. W. B. N. i W. 


2 






N. W. B. W. 




440 




W. B. S. 


4 


900 




W. B. N. 


2 






w.^s. 


I 






S. B. E. 




300 


Entered St. John's River. . . . 


N. W. B. W. 




400 




N. W. B. N. 


. 


300 




N. N. E. 4, E. 




2CX) 


1 

1 


N. W. B. N. 




300 


6th. April j 


W. B. N. 




400 


1 


VV. } s. 




500 




W. N. W. 




150 


1 
1 


N. W. } N. 




600 



2 56 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1780. 







LENGTH OF EACH REACH 


DATES WHBN TAKEN. 


ORDBRS. 








Miles. 


Yards. 




W. N. W. 




400 




N. W. B. N. 




250 




N. E. B. N. 




100 




N. E. B. E. 


I 






N. B. E. 4 E. 


I 






N. N. W. 


2 






N. W. 




1,400 




W.^N. 




1,200 




N. W. B. W. 




200 




N. B. N. 




200 




N.W. 




300 




W. N. W. 


I 


450 




W. B. S. 




450 




W. 


I 


1,400 




N. W. B. W. 




200 




N. N. W. 


I 


450 


Total 


94 


500 





Instructions for Capt. Gleadowe. 

Capt. Gleadowe is to take the Command while at 
Bluefields, to see that Mr. Parke carries on the Busi- 
ness he is intrusted with, such as the Batteries on the 
Bluff and Island, the Huts for the Soldiery, for Hos- 
pitals, and other purposes to hold about 1,500 Men. 
When these Matters are put in train, Capt. Gleadowe 
with Mr. Parke may explore Bluefields river, in order 
to ascertain how far we may be able to ascend so as 
to get as near as possible to a town called Mena, on 
the Lake of Nicaragua, and the distance of the river 
to that place, and the difficulties attending a March 
through the Woods. If the minds of the Indians can 
be conciliated, Negroes be obtained, and such difficul- 
ties not very great, the General wishes the road to be 
opened. 

Messrs. Pitt, Grant, Wood, and Bigby, or any other 
persons living near, giving their assistance in any 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I780. 25/ 

respect, shall be amply rewarded, and commissions 
forwarded to them in Consequence of information from 
Capt. Gleadowe. 

I engage my word and honour to reward them to the 
utmost of their Wishes. Capt. Gleadowe will do a 
most essential piece of Service in rubbing out of the 
minds of the Indians any disgust they may have taken, 
may Safely assure to them extensive presents, and of 
an Army coming to drive the Spaniards out of the 
Country entirely. 

Craft also he is directed to hire or buy, forwarding 
those which are not necessary for their own purposes 
to St. John's Harbour as fast as they can. 

The usual way of holding meetings with the Mos- 
quito Indians is to begin with the King at Sandy Bay, 
then Gen. Tempest at Palook, the Governor next near 
Tebuppy, finally the Admiral at Pearl Key Lagoon ; 
but I understand Capt. Gleadowe proceeds first to 
St. John's harbour, then to Bluefields, which will in- 
duce him to hold his first meeting with Admiral Dilson 
and his friends in the Lagoon, in Spite of the usual 
formality of waiting on the King first. The Gentle- 
men I would principally recommend to Capt. Glea- 
dowe to assist him in this meeting are Capt. Anderson, 
Messrs. Patterson and McHarg, all of whom are neigh- 
bours to the Dilsons, and are proper to advise with in 
giving presents, &c., &c. 

As the Admiral covers the Mosquito frontiers to 
the Eastward, and Gen. Tempest to the Westward, 
they are the Chiefs whose friendship is to be most 
attended to in these times. I am of Opinion Admiral 
Dilson will furnish a quota of men to immediately cut 
the road from Bluefields to Mena river, and to make 
such Communications with St. John's fort as should 
be deemed most expedient. 

I need not mention to Capt. Gleadowe that every 
cast or quota of Indians should be kept Separately from 
another, under the Management of a discreet Officer, 
whose temper must bend a little to their caprice. 

VOL. II — 17 



258 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1780. 

Price Eugene and the Duke of York are two Indians 
much to be dreaded ; if they can be Conveniently 
sent to Jamaica, it will be attended with Advantage. 

John Dalling. 
Kingston, July the 3d., 1786. 



Jamaica, July 24th., 1780. 

Sir : 

I am ordered by his Excellency the Governor to 
inform you, that as the Troops and Fleet from Eng- 
land are on their way down from Barbadoes to Jamaica, 
from whence they will sail immediately to the Main, 
you are directed to get together as many Negroes as 
you can possibly hire, and push forward the works 
intended to be erected for the Defence of Bluefields 
Harbour and Island, and that the Huts on the Bluff 
must be dispatched as quick as possible, as his Excel- 
lency intends rendezvousing at the Corn Islands, from 
whence he probably may send some Troops for Blue- 
fields. Having effected this, the next Thing you are 
to attend to is the Road from Bluefields Falls to 
Mena on the Lake ; if it can be opened, it will be of 
the first advantage, as Men may be thrown in that 
way occasionally. 

His Excellency makes no Doubt but you have before 
now effected the main purport of your Mission, /^k, 
the Friendship of the Indians. This last Service is to 
be particularly attended to, as thereon much hinges 
as to the Success of the Campaign ; therefore you are 
desired to exert every Nerve to bring about a Matter 
of such very great Importance. Promise them large 
Quantities of different Kinds of Presents ; there are 
enough in the Fleet. Be sure to get as many Slaves 
together as possible ; their numbers will take off the 
disagreeable Part of the Service of the Army. 
I have the honour to be, Sir, 

Your very humble Servant, 

Edward Barry, Secretar\-. 
To CapL Gleadowe. 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1780. 269 

P. S. I beg leave to inform you that the Governor 
expects to hear particularly from you immediately on 
his Arrival on the Coast. 

E. B. 

Endorsed. Received and opened 26th. Aug. R. K. 



Jamaica, July 25th., 1780. 

Sir : 

I have the pleasure of informing you that the 
London Fleet sailed with the Army for the Main on 
the 1 6th. Inst., from Barbadoes, so that we are in 
hourly expectation of their arrival here. 

After the necessary arrangements are made for their 
passage from hence to St. John's Harbour, you may 
rest assured that I will lose no time in pushing for- 
ward to join your little army with every possible dispatch. 
I propose rendezvousing at the Corn Islands, and will 
expect to hear from you very minutely as to your situa- 
tion, and the difficulties you have had to encounter. 

I have been very uneasy at your long silence, it 
being now upwards of six weeks since I have had any 
dispatches ; I attribute it solely to your anxiety to push 
matters forward, and hope ere this you have got all 
your provisions and troops up from the Harbour, and 
are in quiet possession of the Lake. I am particularly 
desirous of knowing whether the troops are recovered 
in their health by their passage into a more open 
Country, and pray you to assure them that I have pro- 
vided everything for their future comfort. 

Capt. Gleadowe has been ordered down to Blue- 
fields with a Mr. Parke, an Engineer, who is directed to 
put the Bluff and Island in a proper state of defence. 
Capt. Gleadowe is ordered to recover, if possible, the 
friendship of the Indians, by promising them abundance 
of presents, vast quantities of which are coming out in 
the Fleet. Having secured their Interest, he is ordered 
to explore a road, now overgrown but formerly open, 
from the falls of Bluefields River to Mena on the Lake, 



26o DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1780. 

as by this road, in case of necessity, I would be willing 
to throw in some Men as they might be wanted. 

At your departure, and in the subsequent instructions 
I sent down, I have requested you would be particularly 
attentive in getting the best intelligence of the Country 
around the Lake, and in particular desired you to find 
out whether the road, said to be made from Carthago to 
the Lake, really does exist, as by it perhaps troops may 
be passed on to join you after taking that city. To all 
those matters I wish you to be particularly attentive. 
You may be assured that I am very anxious to be with 
you and partake of your difficulties. 
I am. Sir, 

Your most obedient humble Servant, 

John Dalling. 
To Brig.- Gen, Kemble. 

Endorsed. Received 26th. August. Answered, 



Jamaica, 28th. July, 1780. 
Sir : 

I am ordered by his Excellency Gen. Dalling to 
inform you that, as it has been reported to him, a great 
deal of different kind of Craft, fitting for the present Ser- 
vice on the Main, may be had among the St. Bias In- 
dians, you are to give all the assistance in your power 
to the Indian Chief of that Country, named Col. Toley, 
as likewise to a Mr. Archibald McKuen, a Lieutenant in 
the Royal Batteaux Corps, who are both in the Harbour 
of St. John s, that they may proceed with as much ex- 
pedition as possible to the St. Bias Country in order to 
procure such Craft, if possible. 

I have the honour to be. Sir, 

Your most obedient humble Servant 

Edward Barry, Secretary. 

To the Commanding Officer at St. Johns Harbour. 

Endorsed. Received 26th. Aug. Answered in G. D. 
letter. 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I780. 26 1 

Jamaica, July the 28th., 1780. 

Sir : 

In my last, of the 2 5th. Inst., I had the pleasure of 
informing you of my determination to proceed to the 
Main immediately on the arrival of the Troops from 
England. Since then the dispatch boat Kingston ar- 
rived at Bluefields, on the South side of the Island, after 
a very long passage indeed, no less than 26 days. I 
am much concerned at the sickness that reigns among 
the Troops. However, I hope, what with the removal 
of the sick and convalescent to the Corn Islands, and 
those in health pushing forward to the Lake where they 
will meet a more favourable climate, that matters will 
soon be re-established. I am very uneasy to be with 
them, and request you to assure them that I have paid the 
minutest attention to their wants, and that everything 
you have wrote for is now preparing to be sent down 
with the greatest expedition. The Fleet from England 
is hourly expected with Stores of all kinds, beyond even 
our most sanguine expectations. Nothing, you may 
rest assured, will be wanting on my side to alleviate the 
distresses of the Troops. Medical Gentlemen will be 
dispatched in this Vessel who will attend them during 
their stay at the Corn Islands. They will carry down all 
manner of refreshments. Mr. Hodgson, the late super- 
intendent of the Shore, is just come down from the Fleet 
in the Alert Brig. By his account the weather from 
August to the middle of November is generally fine on 
the Shore ; he imagines the Spaniards saying otherwise 
is very likely with a political view of damping the ardour 
of the Troops. You will perceive by the arrival of Sir 
Alexander Leith and Capt. Gleadowe at St. John's 
Harbour that I had adverted to most of the things 
pointed out as necessary in your letter of the 26th. of 
June. 

Should the Enemy, contrary to my opinion, be able 
to bar up the entrance of the Lake by the River St. 
John so as to render it impracticable to force your way 
by thiat Channel, yet you are to consider that by the 



262 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I780. 

possession of the Castle you must have it in your power 
to render the impediments thrown up by them of no 
importance, as it will be easy to ascertain the command 
of the Lake by some other River issuing from or running 
into it. 

I repeat to you what I formerly transmitted relative 
to the rank to be established on the Main, viz. : that 
the same rank which His Majesty has been pleased to 
grant to the Provincial Troops, serving in America with 
the regular Forces, is to take place in the body under 
your command, and which you are in consequence to 
put in immediate orders.' 
I am. Sir, 

Your most obedient humble Servant, 

John Dalling. 
To Brig.' Gen. Kemble. 

Endorsed. Received 26th. August. Answered. 



Return of the Troops left in the Garrison of St. 
John's Castle, 30th. July, 1780 : 

60th. Regiment, i Captain, 2 Lieutenants, 2 Ser- 
jeants, I Drummer, 34 Rank and File; 79th. Regi- 
ment, I Ensign, i Serjeant, i Drummer, 29 Rank and 
File ; Royal Irish Corps, i Ensign, i Surgeon's Mate, 
3 Serjeants, i Drummer, 49 Rank and File ; Jamaica 
Volunteers, 2 Ensigns, 2 Serjeants, i Drummer, 22 Rank 
and File; Jamaica Legion, 2 Captains, 25 Rank and 
File. Total, 181. Artillery, 2 Conductors, i Gunner, 5 
Followers of the Army, 8 Carpenters, 5 Blackmen. 

Names of the Officers at the Casde : 60th. Regiment, 
Capt. Dixon, Lieuts. Brown and Wolf; 79th. Regiment, 
Ensign Wardel ; Loyal Irish Corps, Ensign Craskill ; 
Jamaica Volunteers, Ensigns Turner and Farquhar ; 
Jamaica Legion, Capts. Sheldon and Herbert. 

Return of the strength of the Different Corps at First 
coming to St. John's according to the best accounts I 



can get : 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 263 

Regiment, 6oth., Rank and File. 163 

79th., '* ** 271 

" Loyal Irish Corps 256 

** Jamaica Volunteers 175 

'* Jamaica Legion. 2o5 

** Royal Batteaux Volunteers. . 140 

1,210 
Came down with Lieut. Wolf 2 5 



Total 1,235 

Present strength, Aug. 22d., 1780 430 

8o5 
Richard Bulkely, 

Acting Adjutant General. 



A Return of Provisions and Rum at the Commis- 
sary's Store, as also in the Castle, 31st. July, 1780: 3 
Barrels Pork, 2 Barrels Herrings, i Pun. more than 
half full of Rum, 1 Pun. containing about 20 Gallons of 
Rum. In the Castle, 46 Bags of Corn. In the Store, 6 
or 700 Plantains and 5 Bunches Bananas. In the Pitpan, 
under care of the Sentry, a Parcel of loose Bananas. 
Half a Box of Candles in Store St. John's Castle. 

Rob Hodskinson, 

Acting Commissary. 



(Private.) St. John s Harbour, 5th. Aug., 1780. 

Sir: 

I am to acknowledge the receipt of your Excel- 
lency's Letter of 3d. June, and must confess I think 
Poison's conduct was rather too Austere, and that he 
might have given the Indians a greater latitude, without 
infringing the Articles of Capitulation ; but he is wary, 
and constitutionally cautious and fearful of giving 
offence when his word and honour was engaged. 

I shall observe your hint relative to Officers talking 
on Public matters in any respect, more particularly of 



264 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE. 1 780. 

the Situation of affairs here, and have in conversation 
repeatedly spoke on the Subject in such a manner as 
that it might come to their Ears. I must now assure 
your Excellency that an Unwearied Application to pub- 
lic business has employed every moment of my time ; 
that I have acted for the good of the Service in every 
instance, as far as my judgment would permit ; That 
difficulties, disappointments, and the distress of those 
under my Command prey upon my Mind so strongly 
that I almost wish to be relieved from a load of busi- 
ness I am not equal to. At times not an Officer to 
Assist me, and the whole routine of business, even to 
the Deputy Commissary, must go through my hands. I 
find all has been in a State of confusion almost ever 
since I left this place. Soldiers have died by being 
kept on board Ship, and the Officers who were here 
never had the Sense to construct Huts for them, which 
I shall immediately set about doing, as I am persuaded 
they will be better on Shore till they can be sent to 
Bluefields. I am flattered with the Idea of seeing your 
Excellency here ; such a Report prevails, and I hope 
not without foundation. 

I am, &c., &c., &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 
To His Excelleiicy Gen, Dalling. 

Jamaica, August the loth., 1780. 
Sir: 

From the different Reports received at home of 
an intended Invasion of this Island by the combined 
Powers of France and Spain, from the vast Superiority 
of the Enemy's Fleets to Windward, and from the 
many Fears Government at home are alarmed with 
for the Safety of this Island — which I am ordered to 
consider as my primary Object — and lastly, from the 
great delay the Troops have experienced in coming 
out, together with their very sickly Situation, I am 
afraid, let my Inclination be never so great to move 
down in force to your Assistance, that I shall not be 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1780. 265 

able to effect it with that Dispatch the urgency of Mat- 
ters may seem to require. Surrounded as I am with 
a Choice of Difficulties, to use the Expression of Gen. 
Wolfe, it remains only to act for the best. Necessity 
will oblige us to conform to Circumstances. Prudence, 
if not Wisdom, directs the latter Step ; Conscience, if 
not Philosophy, will bear us up under unlucky Cir- 
cumstances as to the former : unless, therefore, I re- 
ceive very soon opposite directions to what my last 
Dispatches contained, I must sit down mortified that 
you will not so soon see me as my determination was. 

Capt. Gleadowe has been some time, I hope, at 
Bluefields with Mr. Parke, an Engineer, conciliating 
the Minds of the Indians, exploring the River of that 
Name, and the Road from thence to Mena on the 
Lake. Dr. Irving and the Rev. Mr. Stanford, the 
Chaplain General, sail in a few Days for the same 
Purposes, with a great Quantity and Variety of pres- 
ents for the Indians. God grant them Success! a 
Number of the best huts for the Soldiery, as well as 
Hospitals, will be there constructed, and the Harbour 
strongly fortified. 

It is impossible for me at this time, not knowing 
your present Situation nor to what point you have 
been able to push your Arms, to give you any positive 
Instructions; 'twill be a great pity, should you be in 
possession of the Post on the Lake, to relinquish that, 
from which, if you was but even reinforced with a few 
Hundreds of Men, our Movements hereafter could be 
carried into the Heart of our Enemy's possessions 
with so much facility. The unhealthy and tedious 
River of St. John's would serve but as a Channel for our 
heavy Stores of different kinds, and the Communica- 
tion by Bluefields, if ascertained, for the general route 
of our Troops. By this Means, I verily believe, our 
Exertions would not subject our future force in any 
degree to that Sickness which the first has unfortu- 
nately experienced, from Fatigue, and from the neces- 
sity of lingering so long on an unwholesome River. 



266 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 

I would now, Sir, have you prepare, but with close 
Secrecy, for a retreat ; and that retreat, after having 
destroyed the Fort St. John (this must be done only 
in the last necessity), and removed everything in your 
Power to send away or take with you, should be made 
to Bluefields, where I hope tolerable comforts will be 
prepared for you, and from the healthiness of that 
Place (better think of some part of the Continent 
than any Island, as you will run the risk of being cut 
off should the Spaniards be superior at Sea), the Corn 
Islands, and perhaps Providence, if not at too great a 
Distance, new health will arise to the poor Sick. 

By taking Post at Bluefields, instead of evacuating 
the continent altogether, we shall still perplex the 
Enemy, and be ready to strike them through the same 
Channel again, or carry our Arms to some more dis- 
tant point. I have spoken of a retreat, as it is neces- 
sarj'to take into Consideration your Situation in every 
point of View ; but I am rather inclined to believe we 
shall pursue the blow, and that the difficulties and 
obstructions which now present themselves will soon 
give way to fairer prospects and more favourable Ex- 
pectations, All things are forwarding as fast as pos- 
sible for outward Service, and in my next, if I should 
not have the Satisfaction of hearing from you before 
that Time, I shall hope to be sufficiently explicit. 
To your Instructions I refer you, and on your pru- 
dence and good Sense I rely. Enclosed I send you 
our little Army brigaded. 

I am, Sir, your most obedient humble Servant, 

John Dalling. 
To Brig.'Gcn. Kemble, 

Endorsed. Received the 29th. Answered by King- 
ston Packet. . 

St. John's Castle, loth. Aug., 1780. 

The information of a Spanish Soldier, taken a few 
minutes before his death : 

Belonged to a party that was sent off yesterday 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1780. 267 

morning from the Lines at the entrance of the Lake, 
by Order of the Commanding Officer, to Reconnoiter 
the British forces at St. John's ; that when he came 
away they had in the Lines 14 Cannon and Swivels 
(a greater number of the latter) and 500 men ; that 
a great many of our deserters came over to them ; that 
they were all sent off to Granada but 4 that arrived 
lately. One of their Vessels was Armed, the other 
was not ; and that the Spaniards hourly expected more 
force from Granada. 

The information of a Black Soldier, of the same 
party : 

Was ordered off yesterday morning by the Com- 
manding Officer. 

Commandant of the post called St. Carlos, and one 
of the above party, Being asked the force now there, 
gives the following exact account : 



Remarks. 



Regulars. 



Artillery. 



Collected from the 
differeot Islands 
in the Lake to act 
as Mariners I 



Total employed to 
complete the post. 



^ So 



50 
30 
30 
30 
xo 

30 
15 

xoo 



50 

35 
48 

3* 



460 



o|^ 



50 

20 

ao 
30 
40 



150 



wo 

Hi 

o 2 



zoo 

50 
50 
50 
50 
30 
15 

zoo 



so 

35 
48 
33 



610 



District from whence these 
Troops came. 



Omoa, last from Guatemala. 

Managua Provincial Troops of Colour. 

Leon 

Chocoya '* 

Wejr&ralpa 

Laviui 



ii 









>t 



Besides a great number of Artificers. 
Granada Provincials at St. Michaters 

waiting for Craft to bring them to 

the post. 
On board the Schooner Conception, 

mounting a large guns, za and 8 

pounders forward, and Swivels on 

the Sides. 
On board the Sloop, mounting a small 

Iron Guns forward and iz Swivels. 
On board of 4 large Craft, mounting 

6 Swivels each. 
On board 4 smaller Craft, mounting 3 

Swivels each. 



The Craft constantly employed 
bringing Stores from Granada. 



in 



He further says that the Spaniards are two months 
past building two large Vessels on an Istand near Gra- 
nada, that are to be armed and act against the British 



268 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 

force in the Lake. The fort at the entrance of the Lake is 
a Square made of earth and logs ; the parapet on the out- 
side is about 7 feet high, without a ditch ; the Abbatis fin- 
ished, twenty embrasures complete, twelve Carriage Guns 
and four Swivels in the works, more Cannon expected; 
the entrance into the fort on the Lake side, a house in the 
fort for the troops to Quarter in by night, a few Houses 
at the back of the hill for the men to cook in by day. 
Since the Spaniards came to that post they were joined 
by 1 5 deserters from the British, all of whom (the last 
four excepted) were sent off to Granada. The prisoner 
exactly describes five of them, viz., Gomez, Peter Liskin, 
Mad Tom, Serjeant Young, and a Frenchman. Being 
asked if he knew of a road from the post to St John's, 
His Answer, he knew nothing of it. A few days ago, 
he says, they discovered a reconnoitering party of British 
and the place where they secreted themselves on a small 
Island, and that the Spaniards posted i5 of their best 
men, well Armed, at the same place, expecting the British 
would return. 
To Brig.'Gcn, Kemblc. 

Endorsed : Deposition of Francisko, 
Your a Spanish Prisoner, Aug. lo, 1780. 



Jamaica, August the 13th., 1780. 
Sir : 

I am ordered by his Excellency the Governor to 
Signify to you that as Lieut. Craskell, of the Loyal Irish, 
is in a bad state of health, and his parents are uneasy 
about his situation, to give him leave to come to Jamaica 
in the first returning Vessel. 
I have the honour to be, Sir, 

Your Very humble and Obedient Servant, 

Edward Barry, Secretary. 
To Brig.'Gcn. Kembic, 

Endorsed. Received 17th. Nov. Answered. 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I 780. 269 

A List of Appointments made by Brig.-Gen. Kemble. 

August 1 6th., 1780. 

May loth. Dr. Dancer to be Physician to the Gene- 
ral Hospital. 

May 20th. Capt. Bulkeley to act as Adjutant-General. 

June 2 1 St. Mr. Gerald Fitzgibbon to be Assistant to 
the director of Crafts. 

Jamaica Volunteers. 

June 27th. Lieut, and Adjutant John Pellet to be Cap- 
tain vice Bertrand deceased 17th. May; Ensign Booth 
to be Lieutenant vice Pellet 1 7th. May ; Mr. John Far- 
quar. Gentleman, to be Ensign vice Booth 17th. May; 
Mr. Bryan Mighan to be Adjutant vice Pellet preferred 
26th. June ; Mr. William McDonald to be Quarter Master 
26th. June. 

Jamaica Legion. 

July 19th. Ensign Colburn to be Lieutenant vice 
Fanning deceased. 

July 22d. Ensign Caldwell, of the R. B. Volunteers, 
to be Assistant to the Director of Crafts. 

Aug. 1 2th. Capt. Patterson to be Chief Director of 
Crafts ; Richard Bulkeley Acting Adjutant-General. 



Jamaica, August the 20th., 1780. 
Sir : 

Since writing my last of the loth. Instant, your dis- 
patches, by the Resource Man of war, came to hand. 
I am sorry to find that such a Mortality has prevailed 
amongst the Troops. By my last of the 10th. Instant 
you will perceive that, fearful of disasters in Consequence 
of the unforeseen Delays at St. John's, I had instructed 
you to take into your most serious Consideration how 
far it might be judged expedient to advert to a Retreat, 
in order that' the sickly Troops, by a timely Change of 
Situation, might the more easily get at such comforts as 
they seem to stand most in need of. I there submitted 



270 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 

it likewise to your consideration the different Situations 
the Troops were to be placed as the most conducive to 
their speedy recovery. 

I am now to inform you that as the possession of the 
Lake Nicaragua is the grand and primary Object of 
administration at home, you therefore, by being on the 
Spot, will be better able to judge how far the keeping 
possession of the Castle of St. John will appear prac- 
ticable, even though the force at St. John's Harbour 
should be for a time removed, or how far it would, in 
any Degree, facilitate our future Approaches to the Lake, 
and whether it ought to be preserved at every risk. 
Should you judge it expedient to adopt the above 
Opinions, provisions, if possible, must be immediately 
thrown into the Fort, and its defence spiritedly resolved 
on, for good reasons must be given for destroying a 
Fort that cost us so much Trouble in the Acquisition, is 
in the centre of the Enemy's Dominions, and is looked 
upon at home as the Key to our future Conquests. If 
Provisions cannot be thrown in. You will then of Course 
think of its Demolition. After having previously con- 
veyed away all the Stores, Ammunition, &c., and de- 
stroyed such as cannot be carried off, the Troops must 
drop down to the Harbour, where they will find three 
Transports, each with three Months' provision on board 
for 200 Men, besides an extra Complement of Seamen 
to assist in navigating the Transports now at St. John's 
Harbour. 

The unfavourable Season of the Year, the unhealthi- 
ness and debilitated State of the Troops, the mortality 
amongst the Seamen of his Majesty's Ships and the 
Transports, the almost unsurmountable Difficulties of 
transporting Craft with Troops and provisions up the 
River during the present prevalency of the floods, these 
joined with the particular Situation of this Island at 
present have determined me to delay sending down re- 
inforcements and to wait a more favourable Season for 
carrying into Execution his Majesty's orders; at the same 
time you may rest assured that I shall embrace the ap- 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 27I 

preaching favourable time of the year and prosecute the 
war with redoubled Vigour. By an Opportunity that 
will offer in a few days I will transmit the resolutions of 
the two Brigadiers relative to the intended operations. 
I am, Sir, your most obedient Servant, 

John Dalling. 
To Brig.' Gen. Kemble. 

Endorsed. Received 29th. Answered by Kingston 
Packet 



1 

St. John's Harbour, August 22d., 1780. 

Sir : 

When I had the honour to write your Excellency 
last, I had just arrived at this place, and hearing the 
Pelican was to sail the next day, I requested a delay of 24 
hours, and had only time to give you a detail of my 
quitting the Castle, passage down the River, and other 
matters relative to the situation of Affairs there. Enclos- 
ing a Return of the Troops left at the Castle, and a 
Copy of my Instructions to Sir Alexander Leith. 

I had not then leisure to enquire, or time to give you 
an idea of the deplorable state of the Troops I had sent 
to this Harbour, most of whom. I had flattered myself, 
had gone to different places on the Shore, as expressed 
in my Letter of 5th. July; But the enclosed state of the 
Transports and Seamen will show the impossibility of 
my directions on that head being put in execution. 
And the Vessels employed by Capt. Gleadowe and 
Major Jenkins put an effectual stop to all thoughts of 
removing the Troops. 

The mortality that has raged among all Ranks and 
Denominations of People is not to be expressed with- 
out feeling the most sensible Concern; and though I 
have acted in every respect for the best, as far as my 
abilities extended, I cannot but feel infinite pain and 
regret in the bare relation. The enclosed Return will 
show your Excellency the present sad state of the 
Troops, which is as correct as possibly can be made in 



272 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 

our present situation, not having Officers or even Non- 
commissioned Officers in sufficient health to inspect 
and make such exact Returns as I could wish. 

I acquainted your Excellency in a former Letter from 
the Castle, that I had sent Capt. Colvil of the 79th. 
Regiment to the Harbour, to take charge of the Sick 
and proceed to the Corn Islands. But although that 
arrangement was altered, or if it had not been, little 
prospect of removing the Troops offered, And they have 
notwithstanding been kept on board Ship, where they 
breathed nothing but putrid Air, to the great prejudice 
of the Service and loss of numbers. Capt. Colvil has 
been so extremely ill and low ever since I came down, 
that little or no information could be got from him. 

I have now got Huts put up on the Southside of the 
Harbour for the Well and Convalescents, by Advice of 
the Surgeon General, leaving the General Hospital on 
the Northside that there may not be any Communica- 
tion between them. The Vessels by this means will 
be cleansed, and with proper management the infectious 
Air removed ; for were they even fit to go to Sea, and 
had Sailors to man them, it would be certain destruc- 
tion to keep the Troops on board. 

But they are all in so bad a Condition, that probably 
not any of them will ever be fit for Service Again, as 
you^ll see by the enclosed Report of the Agent, and the 
ill health of our Carpenters excludes all hopes of repair- 
ing them, the Venus particularly, whose Cargo I am 
busy in taking out that she may be run on shore. 

I acquainted you in my last of the want of proper 
Vessels to remove the Troops to Bluefields agreeable 
to your directions. No opportunity has offered till 
now to forward that Service, but the arrival of Mr. 
Wood in a small Schooner from that place gives me a 
conveyance for a few Troops and the six 6 pounders 
ordered to be sent there. Capt. Parke in the Sloop 
Success sailed sometime prior to my arrival for Blue- 
fields, and retur ed into Port a few days after the date 
of my last dispatch, the Vessel having received con- 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 273 

siderable damage in a gale of Wind ; she is now near 
repaired and will proceed on her Voyage again in a few 
days. The few Troops who remain in health, who are 
in fact only Convalescents, I shall keep here, having 
received information by an Indian that the Spaniards 
talk of attacking this place and the Mosquito Shore. 

The Indian says he left Cartago about seventeen 
days ago with two hundred Spanish Troops, that he 
came with them to Matina as a Pilot, was to have been 
employed by them along the Coast, and said they were 
waiting for Shipping to take them on board, which 
were to come from Carthagena, Porto Bello, &c. 
This Fellow is a Slave to a Woman at Pearl Key 
Lagoon, and deserted to the Spaniards from the 
Island of St. Andreas about a t>yelvemonth ago. 
Though I don't put implicit faith in all he says, atten- 
tion is still paid to it, and I have engaged Allen the 
Pilot to go and get me intelligence. He is the only 
Man I can trust or get in this place, proper for the 
purpose, and his ill health has delayed his departure 
some days already. It is with difificulty I can collect 
hands to carry a sufificient supply of Provisions to the 
Castle. Of course no deposit of Stores can be laid in 
at the Coloradoes ; all that I can at present do is to 
land some Provisions, &c., on the West point of the 
River's mouth, the securest place in our distressed sit- 
uation, and the least liable to be come at by an Enemy 
in force. At the same time it offers a Retreat in case 
of necessity by Water alongshore to Bluefields, or for 
a small body of Men by Land. 

Sir Alexander Leith, whom I had entrusted with 
the Command of the Castle, left it on the 7th. instant 
on Account of his Health, and arrived at the Harbour 
the 9th., and though he might have expected a supply 
of Provisions in time, had his fears on that head, and 
ordered part of the Garrison down, as the enclosed 
Return from Capt. Dixon will show when compared 
with the one I sent in my dispatch by Major Mac- 
donald. He was under the necessity of making use 

VOL. II — 18 



2 74 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 

of the heavy Spanish Craft for the Conveyance of 
these Troops, I believe ; but it was unlucky, as I had 
left them particularly for the purpose of taking the 
Weighty Stores on board, as best calculated to carry 
them. 

Sir Alexander's ideas of the Abilities and Perse- 
verance of his Batteaux-Men have been equally unfor- 
tunate with those he entertained of the Navigation of 
the River. His second division of Boats never got 
further than the Nicaragua Branch, which they took 
in mistake, and after a fruitless Search to get the 
passage into the St. John returned to the Harbour 
wore out with fatigue, sickness, and rendered useless. 
His third division, by what I can learn, existed only in 
idea, no Men being left fit to navigate the Boats nor 
any to be procured. 

One Boat of his first division, commanded by En- 
sign Cameron, left this the 26th. June, took the Sera- 
pique or Cartago River by mistake, and was twenty- 
six days in going up, till he came to a Fall that put 
a stop to his further progress. This Gentleman re- 
turned here on the 20th. instant only, and gives 
imperfect an Account of his Adventures that I can 
make nothing of them, and will not trouble you further 
on the subject, but to add that he saw no traces of a 
human Creature during the whole course of his Wan- 
derings after he left the St. John. 

I have the honour to be, &c., &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 
To His Bxccllcficy Gen. Dallifig. 

P. S. Schooner Kingston sailed Sept. ist. 



St. John's Harbour, August 26th., 1780. 
Sir : 

I informed your Excellency in my Letter of 5th. 
inst., that the Monarch would sail in a few days, and 
that I had thought it best to send the Spanish Pris- 
oners to the Havanna. I have altered my intention 
so far as to direct her to proceed to St. J ago de Cuba 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 276 

in the first instance, but if not able to make that Port, 
to bear away for the Havanna. This will give a colour 
to the Master's keeping to Windward, and enable him 
with a greater certainty to touch at Jamaica, but it 
was the 14th. inst. before she proceeded on her Voy- 
age. All Papers relative to this business are here- 
with sent for your further information. 

Mr. Shaw having wrote very fully to Mr. Ross rela- 
tive to the loss of the Horatio, I beg leave to refer 
you for particulars to his Account of that matter, who 
is much better able to give a true state of the case 
than I possibly can do. 

I enclose your Excellency a Copy of my Answer to 
Messrs. Cairns and Thomson on the subject of Capt. 
Gleadowe's unexpected death, expressing in their Let- 
ter to me a very proper and just concern for the loss 
of that worthy Ofificer, and requiring my Directions 
for their further Conduct. What I have said to these 
Gentlemen relative to buying and hiring Craft, Pit- 
pans, &c., shall be immediately countermanded, and 
Orders sent to procure all they can, as well as to the 
Officers going to Bluefields, &c., as I see by Mr. Sec- 
retary Barry's Letter to the late Capt. Gleadowe it 
is your intention. This Letter I opened expecting I 
might get some insight into that business, not know- 
ing what Instructions had been given. 

The want of proper Officers to Command the New 
Corps that have come down has tended much to the 
prejudice of the Service ; those that were nominated 
to Command them had other occupations perhaps 
more material, and entirely engrossed their attention, 
while the care of the Corps has devolved on Gentle- 
men who never were in the Service before, and know 
nothing of their duty. This is experienced every day. 
Returns are hard to be got, and when they are, so 
imperfect that nothing can be made of them, and all 
is guess work. From the raising of the Legion to 
this day, I question if an exact Return was ever made 
of them. Sheldon might come near it, but his prin- 



\ 



276 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I 780. 

cipal attention was taken up with the Loyal Irish. 
Double Commands also are productive of many incon- 
veniences ; when I was up the River, what from Sick- 
ness, &c., there was only one Officer, Ensign Craskil, 
properly belonging to the Loyal Irish, Sheldon Act- 
ing with both Legion and his own Corps. Surgeons 
particularly having double Commands in such a Coun- 
try as this hurts the Service much ; Surgeons of Regi- 
ments, Mates of the Hospital, and Mates of Regiments 
are substituted and act in two or three different capaci- 
ties. How much better would il be, that each of these 
Offices were filled with its distinct Officer ; you would 
then have three for one, and certainly a greater pros- 
pect of justice being done the Soldier. 

Enclosed I send your Excellency a list of Promo- 
tions and appointments, I am also to mention the 
Resignation of Capt. Campbell, Director of Crafts. 
If I had given ear to all solicitations that were made 
to me for leave of absence, I should not have had an 
Officer left, and even some Resignations I was obliged 
to refuse accepting. But the Gentleman in question 
had not health to go through the fatigues of that 
department, which requires an active, strong, bustling 
man, the rougher his Manners the better, and of a 
careful disposition. I believe the late Director pos- 
sessed many good Qualities, and is a valuable Man. 
As such I was sorry to lose him. Capt. Paterson, of 
the Indian Department, succeeded Mr. Campbell as 
Director of Crafts, and is well qualified for the De- 
partment. This Gentleman has been of considerable 
Service, and Commanded the Germain sometimes ; 
the ill health of the Master and Mate obliging them 
to go to the Harbour, but the Service did not suffer 
by their absence. 

I am persuaded if Negroes in good health and free 
from Blemishes were employed solely in the naviga- 
tion of Rivers, that the public would be better served, 
and at a less expense. Whites receive no addition of 
Constitution from being called Batteaux Men, &c., 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 277 

and fall sick as fast as others, from whence disap- 
pointments daily happen, and Craft two-thirds up the 
River are sometimes obliged to return, which would 
not be the case were they manned by Blacks or Peo- 
ple of Colour, who by Constitution are better able to 
bear the Climate. 

I have the honour to be, &c., &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 
To His Excellency Ge7i, Dalling. 
Per Kingston. 

(Enclosure.) 

List of Promotions and Appointments made by 

Brig.-Gen. Kemble. 

Promotions. 

Jamaica Volunteers. — Lieut, and Adjutant John Pellett 
to be Captain vice Bertrand deceased 17th. May, 1780. 
Ensign Simon Booth to be Lieutenant vice Pellett pro- 
moted 17th. May, 1780. John Farquhar, Gentleman, to 
be Ensign vice Booth promoted 17th. May, 1780. Mr. 
Bryan Mighan to be Adjutant 26th. June, 1780. Mr. 
William Macdonald to be Quarter Master 26th. June, 
1780. 

Jamaica Legion. — Ensign Colburn to be Lieutenant 
vice Fanning deceased ist. July, 1780. 

N. B. In consequence of an official letter from Major 
Cribb to Capt. Bulkeley, 79th. Regiment, the following 
Promotions were given out in orders on 23d. May, 
1780: Viz., Capt. Lieut. Bulkeley to be Captain vice 
Cribb 1 2th. Jan., 1780. Lieut. Colvil to be Captain 
Lieutenant vice Bulkeley 12th. Jan., 1780. Ensign 
Schomberg to be Lieutenant vice Colvil 12th. Jan., 1780. 

Appointments, 

Ensign Charles Browne, of the 60th. Regiment, to act 
as Major of Brigade 21st. April, 1780. Serjeant Gross, 
60th. Regiment, to attend the Engineer at the Harbour, 
I shilling per day, 25th. April, 1780. Dr. Dancer to act 



278 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I 780. 

as Physician to the General Hospital iSth. May, 1780. 
Capt. Bulkeley, 79th. Regiment, to act as Adjutant- 
General 20th. May, 1780. Capt. Lamb, of the Indian 
Department, Sub-Hngineer, 5^. \d. per day, 6th. June, 
1780. Mr. George Saunderson, Apothecary to the 
Hospital, loth. June, 1780. Mr. Gerald Fitzgibbon to 
be Assistant to the Director of Craft, 5^. per day, 21st. 
June, 1780. Capt. Paterson, Indian Department, to be 
Director of Craft vice Campbell who resigns 23d. June, 
1 780. Ensign Caldwell of the Batteaux Men to be Assist- 
ant director of Crafts, 55*. \d. per day, 22d. July, 1780. 
N. B. Mr. Rush, Mr. Mclntire, and Mr. Alexander, 
Mates in the General Hospital, but being employed 
on the Expedition when it first came down, though not 
regularly appointed, the dates of their Warrants cannot 
now be fixed, though they will be ascertained hereafter 
by their Certificates. 

Jamaica, August the 26th., 1780. 
Sir : 

I observe, by the contents of some of your letters, 
that you cannot help touching upon the faults of some 
of the Officers under your command ; much is said of the 
great irregularities and drunkenness of the troops, of 
the straggling matiner in which they often ascended the 
river, in consequence of which that many of them were 
drowned. I shall only observe as to the officers, that 
if they have in any respect, on such a service, conducted 
themselves as they ought not to have done, an immedi- 
ate example would have corrected a conduct so full of 
evil to the Service, and probably of great ill both to the 
Officer conducting and the person planning. Hitherto 
I have not received any return of the forces under your 
command. It would be of the first consequence to our 
country, could we, by ascending the river again, or by 
any other means, drive the Enemy from the post at the 
entrance of the Lake before the grand embarkation 
from this Country takes place. I would have you take 
this into your most serious consideration, and, if there 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 279 

IS a possibility of executing it by the river, no man on 
earth so likely to strike so essential a blow as Capt. 
Clarke. He will want some labouring Negroes, and In- 
dians also ; to the latter the most ample recompense may 
be held out, and the promise shall be most religiously 
preserved. 

I am, Sir, your most obedient Servant, 

John Bailing. 
To Brig.'Gen. Kemble. 

P. S. I must endeavour to imprint upon your 
mind the acknowledged abilities of Capt. Clarke, and the 
great experience he has had in this war, and the great 
Services done by him on the rivers in America ; and 
then, that. Should the premeditated attack l?e thought 
feasible by him, you will not only give every assistance 
in your power, but also direct Sir Alexander Leith or 
the Commanding Officer at fort St. John to co-operate 
heartily with him to carry into full execution so desir- 
able a point. 

J. D. 

Endorsed. Received nth. Sept. Answered. 



Jamaica, August the 26th., 1780. 

Sir : 

By the arrival of Major Dalrymple in the Pelican, 
your dispatches came to hand. Captain Clarke, who is 
the bearer hereof, is sent down with an express View of 
looking into everything that regards the navigation of 
the River St. John s. He is appointed sole Commander 
of all Vessels on the Lake, and to him alone is intrusted 
the Care of getting ready everything relative to the 
River or Lake Service. 

In a former Letter I hinted to you how much Mis- 
chief the permission granted to Officers to return to 
Jamaica upon every trifling Occasion was attended with. 
I must now request that, hereafter, you may be more 
strict in that Article. I suppose you have taken the 



28o DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 

necessary Arrangements for the distribution of the poor 
sick, where they may be most likely to recover, and the 
supplying Sir Alexander Leith with the necessary pro- 
visions, the speedy effecting of which is of the utmost 
Consequence ; when this essential Service is performed, 
it will be necessary to pay particular attention to the 
preservation of the Craft, of which we shall very soon 
be in so great want. You will see by Capt. Clarke's 
Instructions what is to be done with the Mulatto light 
Horse and few Negroes now sent down ; more Negroes 
are now buying up and hiring for the Service, which at 
a suitable Season shall be sent down. 

Would it had been in our power to have occupied 
the rising Ground on the first Canoe venturing up to the 
Lake, and taking the two Spanish Boats there ; and 
it is unfortunate for the King s Service that necessity 
should have obliged you to return, after having been i8 
Days between the fort and the Lake, but I verily be- 
lieve we shall yet rise superior to all our Difficulties. 

Dr. Irving, the Surveyor-General, goes down to 
Bluefields to conciliate the Affection of the Indians, 
and explore the Country between the Falls of Bluefields 
river and the Town of St. Miguel on the Lake. You 
will, therefore, afford him every Assistance which the 
Nature of the Service he goes upon may require. 

As Bluefields Harbour may in future be probably our 
depot for Provisions and Stores of all kinds, I must beg 
your particular Attention to its defence. 

Enclosed I transmit you a Copy of Dr. Irving's In- 
structions, as likewise those of Capt. Clarke and the 
resolutions of thd Brigadiers. 

I am. Sir, your most obedient Servant, 

John Dalling. 
To Brig.-Ge7i, Stephen Kcmble, 

Endorsed. Received nth. Sept., Enclosing the 
Resolutions of the Brigadiers Garth and Campbell, 
with Col. Irving*s and Capt. Clarke's Instructions. An- 
swered. 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1780. 28 1 

(Enclosure.) 

Instructions for Dr. Irving. 

Things necessary to be adverted to for the intended 
Service : 

First. On landing such Presents as are appropriated 
to the Service of the Indians between Cape Gracias a 
Dios and St. John's, Mr. Irving ought to proceed with 
the vessel from Cape Gracias a Dios to Bluefields, ex- 
erting his Interest with the different Indians, not only 
to conciliate them to Government, but actually to raise 
a Corps from among them, to be embodied and ready 
for immediate Service. 

Second. To raise a number of Negroes for the pub- 
lic Service on the best Terms possible, and to incor- 
porate a Body of the ablest among them to serve as 
Chasseurs. 

Third. To invite the scattered Settlers to return to 
their Habitations, promising them every possible assist- 
ance and protection from Government. 

Fourth. Mr. Irving is likewise desired to buy up, at 
as cheap a Rate as possible, as many Cattle as he can 
procure, for the use of the sick and convalescent, as 
likewise for the Troops destined for the intended Service. 

Fifth. Mr. Irving likewise is empowered to buy up 
as many Mares for Draught, and Horses for the Dra- 
goons, at as cheap a Rate as possible, and to deliver 
both Cfittleand Horses to Capt. Rochat ; and on getting 
his Receipt, he is empowered to draw on the Agent 
General for the Amount. 

Sixth. Mr. Irving is required by his Excellency 
Gov. Dalling to pay a minute Attention to the above 
Matters. Government will certainly proportioh its Re- 
wards to the Degree of Zeal shown by him, nor will 
the General's further Recommendations be wanting to 
insure to Mr. Irving the just Fruits of his Labours. 

Seventh. As to all military Assistance which Dr. 
Irving may need. Application must be made to the 
Commander of his Majesty's Troops on the Shore, who 



282 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 

IS directed to give every necessary Aid in exploring the 
Country between Bluefields river and the Lake. 

Eighth. The Country above is to be explored, but 
in case Indians and Negroes can be obtained, and a road 
can be made with a degree of ease by them, then the 
above commanding Officer and Dr. Irving are to take 
such a Matter into their Consideration, and, if thought 
necessary, pursue the plan giving a Jealousy to the 
Enemy that we are about forcing our Way by Blue- 
fields ; although not made use of, may have a good 
Effect. 

(Signed) John Dalling. 

(Enclosure.) 
Instructions for Capt. Clarke. 

Jamaica, August the 26th., 1780. 

Capt. Clarke is to proceed to Bluefields to examine 
as readily as possible the Harbour of St. John's ; if 
necessary to employ the Mulatto Corps and the Negroes 
in carrying up Provisions, to do so. The Mulattoes 
being free People, to use them gently, and promise after 
the first Service is over that they shall be employed in 
their own line, and be mounted as soon as Horses can 
be had. They must be kindly treated, for fear that we 
should not be able to raise more. Capt. Clarke is to 
return to me, if he should think it right ; or, if he should 
judge it best for the Service, to remain there, trans- 
mitting to me all particulars for my future Guidance. 

Capt. Clarke is empowered to hire any people into 
the Service, to promise ample Recompense to them, 
and do whatever he may think will turn out for the 
furtherance of our passage up the River. 

As great Labour will be undergone at times by the 
People employed by Capt. Clarke, he is to use his Dis- 
cretion as to the Article of Provisions. 

Should it be necessary to carry Provisions up the 
River, I would rather that Negroes should be made use 
of in preference to the free Mulattoes, as I think they 
would be of more Service at Bluefields, and be better 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 283 

pleased with serving as Tradesmen or on their own 
Line. This will be determined on as the commander 
of the forces may think fit. 

(Signed) John Calling. 

(Enclosure.) 
Resolutions of the Brigadiers. 

Kingston, Jamaica, 17th. August, 1780. 

At a meeting of the General Officers, convened 
by Order of his Excellency Maj.-Gen. Bailing, sev- 
eral Extracts of the Secretary of State's Letters were 
laid before them, which being duly read, and the dis- 
patches from the Spanish Main received the 15th. 
Instant by Major Dalrymple of the Loyal Irish, being 
laid before us, together with that Officer's Account of 
the State of his Majesty s Army at St. John's on the 
30th. July; 

We the undersigned General Officers, being called 
upon by his Excellency Gen. Bailing to give our 
Sentiments relative to the Measures to be adopted 
and pursued at this juncture, beg leave to submit the 
following opinions to his Excellency's Consideration : 

1st. That, as the possession of the Lake of Nicaragua 
appears to us to be the chief Object of Government 
in directing an Attack upon the Spanish Main, no 
Exertion consistent with the Safety of Jamaica ought 
to be left untried to accomplish that important pur- 
pose. 

2d. That it is established from undoubted Infor- 
mation, the Rains have actually set at the Castle of 
St. John's, and in all human Probability will last to the 
1 2th. of September; that although the Weather is 
fair and less unhealthy from that period to the 20th. 
of October, yet when we consider that from the 20th. of 
October to the first of December the Season is one of 
the most unhealthy of the Year, and that there is only 
a Period of Five Weeks to be depended on for active 
operations, in which Men may enjoy a tolerable State 



284 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780, 

of Health ; When we consider that a fortnight will be 
lost in putting together the Gun boats and Batteaux, 
and in equipping the Transports with necessary re- 
freshments for the reception of the Army lately 
arrived from England, much worn down by Sickness 
and Death ; That ten days would be occupied in the 
Voyage from Jamaica to the Harbour of St. John's, 
Eighteen or Twenty days in loading and forwarding 
the Crafts from the Harbour to the Castle of St. 
John's, and four Days occupied in proceeding thence 
to the Mouth of the Lake ; When we consider that the 
present Garrison of St. John's Castle, consisting of 
One hundred and fifty men, was actually formed of the 
most healthy Troops of that Army, and that even 
these were exceedingly emaciated by fatigue and Sick- 
ness ; When we consider that the remainder of the 
Troops were coming down the River for the Establish- 
ment of their Health, along the Mosquito Shore, and 
that it was the Opinion of the superior Officers on the 
Spot that Sickness and Mortality had become so 
fatal that there was scarce a hope that the Garrison of 
St. John's, which then stood ill equipped with provis- 
ions, could depend on a supply for any given Period 
of Time, and consequently that the Troops and 
Stores of that Garrison are most likely withdrawn, and 
the Fort itself blown up : 

Under such untoward Circumstances and the cer- 
tainty of there being by the latest Accounts from Cape 
Francois Two hundred and fifty sail of Ships in that 
Port, of which Twenty-seven were of the Line, It appears 
to us advisable at this Juncture to desist from further 
pursuits by the River St. John's, and to bend our 
chief Attention not only to the immediate Safety of this 
Island, but also to the reinstatement of the Army in 
Point of Health, and to make every necessary Prepa- 
ration for an Exertion on the Spanish Main as soon 
as the healthy Season may open, and the Situation of 
the Enemy's force to Windward can justify such an 
Undertaking. 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 178a 285 

3d. That as the debilitated State of the Army at 
St. John's Harbour appears from every Information to 
be such as to make it dubious whether they have 
strength sufficient to collect the military Stores and 
navigate their Vessels from that Port, we beg leave to 
recommend that two Transports doubly manned be 
immediately sent down to the Spanish Main, equipped 
with Provisions and proper nourishment, to assist in 
bringing away the Troops now at St. John's harbour 
or elsewhere. 

And in Order no Expedient be left untried to 
further the Views of Government, We think it also 
advisable to send down in those Ships Dr. Irving and 
the Rev. Mr. Stanford and others, with a View to 
conciliate the Minds of the Indians on the Mosquito 
Shore, and to explore and ascertain, if possible, the 
practicability of opening a road from the Falls of Blue- 
fields to St. Miguel on the Lake of Nicaragua, a Tract 
which was said to have been formerly open for convey- 
ing Cattle from that Quarter of the Country to the 
Settlers at Bluefields. 

4th. That in case a future Attack by the River of 
St. John should be resolved on, we think it advisable 
that the Gunboats and Batteaux and all kinds of Craft 
lately arrived from England in Frames should imme- 
diately be put together, that no Time may be lost, when 
the healthy Season takes place, in proceeding to the 
Main with Alacrity and in pushing the blow with Vigour 
and dispatch. 

But as it has been found by Experience that white 
People are by no means equal to the Labour of dragging 
Craft over the Rapids of the River St. John's, or of 
standing a Continuance of such fatigue in that unhealthy 
Climate, We beg leave to recommend that a body of 
able Negroes be hired or bought by Government, as 
the most certain cheap and effectual means of execut- 
ing that Service. 

(Signed) Geo. Garth. 

Archd. Campbell. 



286 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1780. 

St. Johns Harbour, August 28th., 1780. 

Sir: 

I have the honour to acknowledge the receipt of 
your Excellency's Letters of 25th. and 28th. July, by 
the Sloop Nicaragua, Capt. Cairncross, who arrived here 
on the 26th. late in the afternoon. This vessel stopped 
at the Corn Islands, and the Surgeons thought proper 
to land there with the Hospital Stores, though no Troops 
to attend. As I apprehend your Excellency will im- 
mediately dispatch a Vessel to this place on your ar- 
rival at the Corn Islands, I shall do myself the honour 
to pay my respects, if all things remain quiet. My let- 
ters by the Kingston, Resource, and Pelican will show 
you that I have not omitted one opportunity of writing. 
Did my Letters contain pleasing subjects, more corre- 
sponding with your expectations and my wishes, I should 
be happy ; but I have this comfortable idea left, that it 
will be in my power to convince you I have acted, dur- 
ing the whole course of my Conduct, for the best, and 
that the good of the Service has been my constant and 
sole study, through a series of disappointments and diffi- 
culties. 

Capt. Lamb, who goes in a few days to Black River, 
will carry my Letters to Messrs. Cairns and Thomson, 
and shall have directions to engage Craft and order 
them to be sent to Bluefields, and do all in his power 
to contribute to the establishing a good understanding 
with the Indians. This Gentleman I have appointed 
Sub-Engineer at 5^. per day, and have found him of 
great use upon various occasions. He sends your Ex- 
cellency a sketch of the River and plan of the Harbour 
St. John, adding to it a copy of the Spanish Officer's 
draft of the Lake of Nicaragua, which, though perhaps 
not quite perfect, will give you a juster idea of the River 
and Harbour than anything you may have received, 
and I can promise for Capt. Lamb's assiduity and every 
attention to any business you may hereafter commit to 
his Charge. 

If a proper person can be found to explore the Road 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I780. 287 

from the Falls of Bluefields River to the Spanish Set- 
tlements, it shall be done ; but, although I have ques- 
tioned many, I cannot find there is such a place as Mena 
existing. 

The enclosed (Col. Poison will deliver it) is the most 
circumstantial intelligence I have been able to procure 
of the Country, and corresponds with the separate ac- 
counts given me from time to time. Col. Poison's re- 
peated attacks of the Fever has brought him so low as 
to make it necessary for him to change the air, for the 
recovery of his health. He knows my reasons for every 
step taken during the course of my Command, and can 
answer every question, as well as give you the fullest in- 
telligence as to climate, situation, &c., &c. To him I will 
therefore refer your Excellency for further particulars. 

By letters of later date than those I had the honour 
to receive from you, I am informed the Troops are ar- 
rived at Jamaica from England. To say more than I 
have done on the fatal disorders they are afflicted with 
in these climes, is unnecessary, and it is my firm opinion 
that any body of Troops sent to act at any time of the 
year up Rivers of such a length as the St. John's, and 
exposed to the noxious vapours arising from them, which 
all must inevitably be, will meet with the same fate. 
Sad experience may make me dwell too strongly on this 
subject, but I dread the issue of a similar undertaking. 

To make descents partially on the Coast and return 
to your shipping in time may do ; the Sea Air will then 
have a good effect, and the Troops may recover from 
slight indispositions, which would take such deep root by 
a long continuance on the Shore as not to be removed. 
This is the Surgeon's opinion as well as mine ; but could 
we land in an open champaign Country, where Vege- 
tables, Fruit, &c., were to be got, it might alter the case, 
and a longer residence in the Field not so much to be 
dreaded. 

Your Instructions, enclosed in your dispatch of 23d. 
June, I conceived to be a positive Order to quit the 
Castle of St. John s, in the present state of Affairs, but 



288 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I780. 

as I knew it would take some time before the Stores 
and Artillery could be sent down, I have directed the 
Officer Commanding to proceed in that business with 
all Expedition, and to wait my final Orders for evacu- 
ating the Post ; but a Paragraph in your Excellency's 
last letter, of 28th. July, leaves me in doubt, and conveys 
an idea that it is not your intention the Garrison should 
be withdrawn and the Castle destroyed. 

I did flatter myself that matter could have been ascer- 
tained on the arrival of the Nicaragua ; but as I men- 
tioned in my letter of the 5th. inst;., by the Pelican, that 
I should wait your further Commands for so important 
a decision, I now think myself bound to keep posses- 
sion, if possible, till I receive your further instructions 
on that head ; but the weak state of the Garrison and 
the weaker state of our Batteaux Men, &c., to man 
the Craft, make the Tenure precarious. 

I have the honour to be, &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 
To His Excellency Gen. Dulling. 
By the Kingston. 



(Private.) St. John's Harbour, 30th. Aug., 1780. 

Sir : 

I have not the smallest hope that it will be possi- 
ble to maintain the Castle or supply the Garrison with 
Provisions, in our present Situation, and I expect to see 
them down in the course of a few days. Craft I was 
under a necessity of sending to bring off the Garrison 
and Stores, should such a decision take place, or the 
Commanding Officer be obliged to take that step from 
unforeseen reasons. 

A Craft, manned with the best we could pick from 
Negroes, and Batteaux Men, gone thirteen days, and only 
ten Miles above Cooke's Post ; two others gone four days 
ago, under the Charge of Ensign McNight, Legion, not 
got to Cooke's Post, Men turned and expect to get no 
further ; not Men left to Man one Boat for the Service 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1780. 289 

of the Harbour, except eight Blacks, of Capt. Parke's, 
detained for that purpose, and Absolutely necessary for 
the use of the Shipping, &c. 

Capt. Bulkeley so ill as to be obliged to go to Jamaica ; 
not an Officer left to assist me in any public Depart- 
ment, except Mr. Shaw, Deputy Agent, nor are there 
any to Appoint from the wretched remaining few, that 
have health, or would be of any Assistance if they had. 
Conceive my Situation, Sir, and not the first time in a 
similar one, though they were then for short periods ; 
but it is now final, and I can expect no relief. 

I think it proper to mention to your Excellency that 
Mr. Jones, Store Keeper of Artillery, left this Harbour 
without my leave or knowledge, that I was here up- 
wards of a fortnight without a single Officer or Man of 
that Department, and I expected to find that Gentleman 
ready to take Charge of the Stores, and he might have 
been of some use. But, notwithstanding I make this 
Report of that Capital Officer, I never wish to see him 
in the line of Store Keeper of Artillery where I have 
anything to say or do, nor do I desire more shall be 
done than to convince the Gentleman who has acted 
wrong, at the same time expressing that thorough Con- 
tempt for his Abilities and Exertions as to make him 
sensible he never was nor ever will be of any use in a 
Military Capacity. 

I am, &c., &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 
To His Excellency Gen. Dalling. 



St. Johns Harbour, August 30th., 1780. 
Gentlemen : 

Being informed by his Excellency Gen. Dalling 
that you were soon to sail for Bluefields with a large 
assortment of Presents for the Indians, and to con- 
tribute by your influence to the establishing a lasting 
and firm union with them — a matter of great moment, 
it is true, particularly in the present situation of Affairs 

VOL. II — 19 



290 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I780. 

— but having some small knowledge of these People, and 
knowing their dispositions in general, I submit it to your 
Consideration, whether it would not be better to with- 
hold a further distribution at this time, as they are re- 
ceiving, or probably have received by this day, to the 
amount of One thousand pounds from Messrs. Cairns 
and Thomson at Tebuppy. 

To deal out all with too open a hand, is often at- 
tended with bad consequences. Ingratitude, I am 
afraid, is considered as a Virtue with these People ; and 
when they have got all they are to expect, neglect and 
inattention will follow. Besides, by courting them with 
an assiduity they have no right to, or ever expected, 
it's natural for them to construe it to arise from your 
fears of, or a want of their assistance, and they will 
grow more troublesome than ever. Whereas, by keep- 
ing them in expectation of a future reward, they will be 
much easier managed, and render you more Service. 

I am, Gentlemen, etc., 

Stephen Kemble. 

To the Rev. Mr. Stanford and Dr. Irving. 

By Capt. Lamb. 



St. John's Harbour, August 30th., 1780. 

Sir : 

I am to inform you that by intelligence lately re- 
ceived, the Spaniards talk of invading this Coast by 
Sea, as well as by the Rivers communicating with our 
settlements on the Shore. You will therefore be on 
your guard as much as possible against all attempts. 

You are likewise ordered to purchase or hire what 
Craft and Pitpans in your power for the public Service, 
and draw on Mr. Shaw, Deputy Agent, for the Amount 
of the same, transmitting him your Vouchers for the 
several purchases you may make, with your agreement 
for the hire of them. 

As it is probable you may have a variety of Craft 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I780. 29 1 

under your charge, you will take every step for the 
Security of them. 

I am, Sir, your most Obedient Servant, 

Stephen Kemble. 

To the Officer Commanding at Bluefields. 

By Capt. Lamb. 



Instructions to Capt. Lamb. 

St. John's Harbour, August 30th., 1 780. 

You will proceed to Bluefields, and from thence to 
Black River, taking Tebuppy in your way, and if any 
circumstances may offer wherein you can be of Service 
to Messrs. Cairns and Thomson in their Treaty with the 
Indians, you will not fail to contribute your assistance. 
Mr. Marshal, of Pearl Key Lagoon, has offered to pro- 
cure a number of Pitpans for the Public Service upon 
certain conditions. If you can see this Gentleman, and 
think his proposals equitable, you have my authority to 
close with him, and let me know upon what terms by 
earliest opportunity. 

You are also authorized to hire and buy Craft and 
Pitpans wherever they are to be got. and send the same 
to Bluefields, as well as such as you may engage for 
with Mr. Marshal, as soon as possible. 

You will draw Bills on Mr. Shaw, Deputy Agent 
General, for the Amount of the same, transmitting the 
price of each Craft or Pitpan in an Account enclosed in 
your Letter. 

You will inform Major Laurie with the Substance of 
the Indians' intelligence from Matina, with which you 
are well acquainted, and that you do it by my Order. 

Stephen Kemble. 

Jamaica, August the 30th., 1780. 
Sir : 

By some information given here of a Don Pedro 
Brezzio. a Lieutenant in a Company taken at St. John s 



292 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I780. 

Castle, and of his seeming inclination to our Service, 
his Excellency imagines that some good might be got 
out of him by proper promises. Having been near 
thirty years a resident in the Province of Nicaragua, if 
he could be got over, infinite Services might be got out 
of him. I have by his Excellency's desire given the 
hint. You, Sir, will be the best judge how far it ought 
to be pushed. I have the honour to be. Sir, 

Your very humble and Obedient Servant, 

Edward Barry, Secretary. 
To Gen. Kemble. 

Endorsed. Received nth. Sept. Answered, 



St. John s Harbour, August 31st., 1780. 

Sir : 

I had the honour, two days ago, to receive your 
Excellency's Letter, of 10th. and 20th. inst., by the 
Kingston. Mine, prepared for the Nicaragua, with this, 
will go by the Kingston, as the most expeditious Vessel 
of the two. The Nicaragua to be dispatched in a few 
days, and to put Col.Toby down in the San Bias Country. 

From the great superiority of the Enemy's Fleet, 
Government had reason to be alarmed for the safety 
of Jamaica ; but I think, from your Excellency's good 
arrangements and the additional Force lately arrived 
at your Island, with the sickly state of the Combined 
Powers, little is to be apprehended, and that they will 
turn their Arms either to succour the American Rebels 
or to make some easier conquests. 

If I were not conscious of having done everything in 
my power for the best, Philosophy would give me but 
little comfort, and I should be wretched in the extreme ; 
indeed, the loss of so many brave Men makes me 
sufficiently so, as it is. The enclosed Copy of a Letter 
to Messrs. Irving and Stanford, I hope will meet with 
your approbation, and, if attended to, will enable your 
Excellency to distribute to the Indians, either under 
your immediate eye or by particular directions when 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I780. 293 

near them, and may have the good effect of attaching 
them strongly to your Person. 

Give me leave to thank you, Sir, for the additional 
instance of your attention by fixing me in so honourable 
a Post as marked in the Card you have been so good 
as send me. 

Col Dalrymple, who sailed in the Resource, might 
have assured you that I could not remain up the River, 
as he knew the small Store of Provisions left, and saw 
no supplies on the way when he came down. 

I am not forward to complain, but your Excellency 
has thrown a great load upon me, the important decis- 
ion whether or not it is proper to evacuate the Castle of 
St. John's ; were I to act according to my own opinion, 
instantly. But the possession of the lake by this route 
being an object Government has so much at heart, I 
dare not venture, though I fear the difficulties of the 
Navigation will oblige me to do it at last, for this. cruel 
and inhospitable climate continues to make its ravages 
on the few remaining Officers and Soldiers, whom I 
shall remove to Bluefields as soon as the Transports 
come down, convinced if we remain here two months 
longer, scarcely one Man will be left. 

If the Castle was effectually destroyed, I do not 
apprehend the Spaniards would attempt to possess it 
soon again ; that they would content themselves with 
occupying their present Post, especially during the rainy 
Seasons, and if we went up early in December they 
would not have time to establish themselves so firmly 
as to oblige us to make a delay of consequence ; but as 
delays are of all things to be dreaded, and that Route 
resolved on, it would be best to keep the Castle if pos- 
sible. But I have my apprehensions even at present for 
the safety of it ; a Pitpan I sent Express on the i ith. is 
not yet returned. By her I directed Capt. Dixon to send 
down all the heavy Stores, and have everything pre- 
pared for evacuating the place, in consequence of your 
Instructions enclosed in your Letter of 23d. June, at 
same time desiring him to give out to the Troops that 



294 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I780. 

no such thing as abandoning the place was intended, 
and that it was only from the Fears of Supplies failing 
that the Stores were removed, ordering him to send 
the small Craft I had dispatched, and the Negroes that 
navigated them, back with all expedition, as I had no 
more hands to forward him Provisions ; but I have not 
had an answer to that Letter or heard from him since 
the 1 2th. instant, and the business of this place almost 
at a stand, not having Men sufficient to man (and 
those miserable wretches) two Crafts, after dispatching 
two to the Castle with Provisions, and I fear even their 
abilities to perform the task. 

By all the Accounts I have been able to collect, Blue- 
fields River is long and tedious after you pass the first 
falls, and many Rapids and difficult places to go over 
before you land from your small Craft, then a consid- 
erable distance to the Lake and Spanish Settlements 
through a great Savanna ; but all I can say on this sub- 
ject is very uncertain and not to be depended on. 

When I quit this Harbour for Bluefields I propose to 
make the following arrangement : A good Officer (if 
I can find one left) with all the Batteaux Men and 
Negroes that remain to take Post on Cooke's Island at 
the Coloradoes, sending all the Provisions I possibly 
can to that place, to be forwarded to the Castle, and at 
a proper time afterwards to dispatch a small Vessel from 
Bluefields with more to be taken up in same manner. 
But I hope I shall receive your Excellency's positive 
Orders for my Conduct before that measure is put in 
Execution. 

Since writing the above, a Boat is arrived from the 
Castle with a Letter from Capt. Dixon of 28th., and my 
fears redouble. A Craft I sent off 14 days ago is not 
above ten miles above Cooke's Post, and the hands that 
were in the two sent since reported to be very insuflfi- 
cient, though the best we could pick out. Nor do I 
know where to turn for more, but the utmost expedition 
shall be used in sending off small Boats or Pitpans with 
such a supply as they can carry ; but though I speak in 
the plural number, I fear we shall not be able to forward 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1780. 295 

above one Boat. Five Brass French four pounders 
are embarked in the Kingston ; their carriages, rendered 
useless, are not sent from the Castle. 

Enclosed you have a list of Officers who have died, 
the Engineer's Return of Stores, and a State of the 
Garrison at the Castle the 26th. of August 
I have the honour to be. Sir, 

Your most obedient Humble Servant, 

Stephen Kemble. 
To His Excellency Gen. Dalling. 



St. John's Harbour, Sept. ist, 1780. 

Sir : 

I am to acknowledge the receipt of your Letter of 
28th. Aug., with its enclosures. I hope you have hus- 
banded your Provisions as much as possible ; for the diffi- 
culty of the Navigation, and the want of hands to man 
the Boats, make our supplies very uncertain. 

By Gilliam's Account some of the Boats I forwarded 
the 3d. of Aug. from Cooke's Post were a long time in 
getting up, and the Craft I have sent since I fear will 
be longer. You should take care to have a Picpan sent 
down in time ; delaying that may subject you to many 
inconveniences, and you will be liable to censure if you 
don't do all in your power for the good of the Service. 
I would always have you keep sufficient Boats to re- 
move with in case of absolute necessity. A Craft I sent 
off on or about the 20th. last month was met by Gilliam 
about 10 miles above Cooke's Post, was well manned, 
and proceeding apace. She carried 6 Barrels Pork and 
40 and 60 gallon Casks Rum. Two others I have dis- 
patched since, but I fear both will not succeed, from the 
debilitated state of the Crews, the best we could pick, and 
none remain for River Service except the one I now 
send, which you will return immediately. Capt. FHnn, 
whom I send with the Letter, to come down in her ; if 
any Stores below the Falls, she may be loaded with them. 

Your silence on the subject of Intelligence makes me 
suppose there's nothing New. 



296 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1780. 

I must now inform you that the Administration have 
the possession of the Lake of Nicaragua so much at 
heart, and the preservation of the Castle of St. John, so 
material an object attending it, that our utmost endeav- 
ours will be exerted to supply you with Provisions of all 
Sorts ; but the Blacks and Batteaux Men that carry up 
the Craft must be punctually sent back, or we shall not 
have it in our power. 

You will likewise endeavour to put the Castle in the 
best state of defence you possibly can, and send off no 
more Artillery or Stores after receipt of this Letter. 

You will also acquaint me in your next what Cannon 
remain in the Castle, and where fixed "for defence. I 
know the place will be dismantled in some measure by 
the Artillery already sent off, but you must make the 
best of the matter you can. 

Should the Enemy offer to attack you, and you can 
well ascertain their force, so as to be master of incon- 
testable good reasons for quitting the Castle and destroy- 
ing it, I would as a Friend advise you to it, though in 
my public Character I must order you to defend it to 
the last extremity. I am sure the Castle is not tenable 
with so weak a Garrison as you have for any time, and 
relief, I must plainly tell you, you are not to expect. Cir- 
cumstances attending the difficulties of getting Water in 
case of a Siege should be adverted to, and the advice of 
the Engineer and Capt. Sheldon taken upon all occasions. 
An Officer who acts for the best, and who has not had 
many opportunities of seeing Service, is always consid- 
ered in a favourable light, when it is proved he has asked 
the Opinion of those best able to give good Counsel, 
and is not obstinate in his own way of thinking. Ex- 
cuse me for being so particular, but as you must be 
stMisible I am thus explicit from the regard I have, 1 
am sure you will forgive me. 

I am, &c., Stephen Kemble. 

To Ca/>/. DixoH, Officer Commanding St. Johns Castle. 

1\ S. Have a care that your Mines are well con- 
structed. 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1780. 297 

(Private.) St. John's Harbour, Sept. 5th., 1780. 

Sir : 

I am sorry a Stricter performance of your Duty as 
Physician to the General Hospital during your resi- 
dence in this Harbour does not call for a particular 
Mark of attention from me ; did I conceive you had 
distinguished yourself from motives of humanity or duty, 
and had contributed as much as was in your power to 
the Relief of the poor Soldier, I should waive taking 
Notice of the peremptory terms I think your Note of 
3d. instant is expressed in. But, Sir, I impute much to 
your want of knowledge of the Service ; or do you sup- 
pose I have nothing to do but to write Orders for Dr. 
Dancer s particular Accommodation ? You were on 
shore and might have asked where you were to make 
your Application. 

Dr. Welch's state of health, as well as his Superior 
Rank, requires the first Attention ; after him you may be 
provided for, and an order for your being received on 
board the Packet will be given by Capt. Davis, Acting 
Quarter Master General. 

I am, Sir, &c., &c., 
To Dr. Dancer. Stephen Kemble. 



(Private.) 6th. Sept., 1780, St. John's Harbour. 

Sir: 

I am distressed at the necessity of parting with 
both Drs. Welch and Dancer. The first caught a 
violent fever the third day after our arrival at this place, 
solely attributed to his humanity and attention to his 
duty, by early going among the Sick of the Hospital, 
examining them personally, that he might regulate mat- 
ters and order the necessary Articles for them. During 
this Gentleman's greatest Danger, Mr. Dancer arrives 
from the Castle with the troops Sir Alexander Leith 
had ordered down, and almost immediately Applies for 
leave to attend Sir Alexander, who was going to Pearl 
Key Lagoon, which I refused, saying, as soon as Dr. 
Welch was recovered I would not detain him, request- 



298 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I780. 

ing at the same time he would Visit the Hospital and 
give such directions as he should think proper for the Re- 
lief of the Poor Soldier. He replied there was danger in 
it. However, he went to the Surgeon Mates Attending, 
and brought me a Return of Men he never saw, as I am 
Credibly informed ; and I am sorry to say Mr. Dancer 
has not shown that attention to his duty he might have 
done. His Plea of Sickness and inability to do more, 
there were some grounds for ; but I must confess I am 
not satisfied with him, and he knows it. I am far from 
intimating by this that he is not ill at times, but there were 
intervals when he might have shown more attention. 

As soon as Mr. Welch was able to Walk, he paid a 
second Visit to the Hospital ; got a second fever ; his 
recovery uncertain, and his Absence absolutely neces- 
sary to give him a Chance for his life. 

I think it proper to give your Excellency this Sketch, 
as the best Apology I can make for permitting these 
Gentlemen, so essentially necessary in our Situation, 
to leave us. I must beg leave at the same time to 
recommend Mr. Saunderson, oldest Mate, and Acting 
Apothecary, to your Notice, as a deserving Man, and 
now remains first on the Hospital List. Dr. Male- 
crieos's death leaves an opening for the Appointment of 
a Surgeon to the General Hospital, and Mr. Saunder- 
son will be ordered to Act as such, to give him the 
more V/eight. 

I have the honour to be, &c., &c., &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 
To His Excellency Gen, D ailing. 



(Private.) St. Johns Harbour, 7th. Sept., 1780. 

Sir : 

When you were appointed to Act as Physician to 
the General Hospital, I told you what I conceived to 
be your line of Department, and you appeared then not 
at a loss to understand it. I have not thought it neces- 
sary, nor was it to be expected from me, to order you 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1780. 299 

daily or at any particular time to Visit the General 
Hospital and prescribe for the Sick. If you have done 
that, I have not a word more to say. 

Your Health has been interrupted, I am very ready 
to believe ; but have you not been well enough at inter- 
vals to attend more to so necessary a part of your duty 
as Visiting the Sick ? 

As to my leave of Absence, you surely could/ not sup- 
pose from thence that you were exempted from all 
Attendance in your professional line while you re- 
mained in the Harbour ? ' 

Had you made your frequent Applications verbally 
(which in many instances you might have done), it is 
probable there would not have been any misapprehen- 
sions, or if there had been any, they might have been 
explained on the spot ; but you have generally chose 
the Epistolary mode of conveying your Sentiments, 
giving yourself and me much trouble. 

If private Affairs, such as Rank, Pay, &c., were to 
be considered by every Officer as Sufficient reasons for 
quitting his Corps or Department at the most pressing 
Junctures, and when his services were most required, 
what would become of the Service? Ill healthy and that 
in the Extreme, is the only excuse a Man can with pro- 
priety make for his Absence. Your conduct as a Gen- 
tleman will, I am sure, always Command my Esteem ; 
but I am still of opinion you have not been so attentive 
to your duty of Physician as you might have been, and 
I must plainly tell you, at the same time I give you per- 
mission to go to Jamaica, that I think it proper, even 
necessary, to give Gen. Bailing my reasons for suffer- 
ing you and Mr. Welch to leave this at the same 
time. I hope, as you are now satisfied I do not mean to 
detain you, that you will consider this letter as sufficient 
on the Subject and I think must be sensible I have 
many other things to Employ my time. 

I have the honour to be, &c., &c., &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 
To Doctor Dancer. 



300 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I780. 

Ships arrived at St. John's Harbour, from Kingston, 
Jamaica, Sept. 1 1, 1780, under Convoy of His Majesty's 
Ship Pelican, Capt. Thomas Haynes : 

Ship Sally, William Bell, Master, with Provisions ; 
Ship Betsey, Thomas Dobbins, Master, with Pro- 
visions ; Ship Flora, Thomas Ayrson, Master, with 
Provisions ; Brig Polly, George Aitchison, Master, 
with King s Stores. 

Stores brought by the above Transports : Pork, 260 
bbls. ; Beef. 80 bbls. ; Fish, 17 bbls. ; Flour, 2o5 bbls. ; 
Ship Bread, 108 bags, 1,080 lbs.; Pease, 88 bbls., 440 
bushels ; Salt (fine), 2 hhds., 40 bushels ; Wine (red), 
18 hhds., 3 qr. casks, 1,200 gals.; Rum, 20 puncns., 3 
hhds., I qr. cask, 2,498 gals. 

Extra: Butter, 85 firkins, 5,000 lbs.; Sugar, i hdd., 
12 bbls., 5, 81 1 lbs.; Coffee, 4 bags, 467 lbs.; Ginger, 
7 bags, 416 lbs.; Oatmeal, 6 bbls., 45 bushels; Ver- 
micelli, 24 baskets, 1,200 lbs.; Tobacco, 12 bales, 1,272 
lbs.; Vinegar, 3 hhds., 162 gals. 



Instructions to Capt. Pellet, of the Jamaica Volun- 
teers, or Officer Commanding at the Coloradoes. 

St. John's Harbour, 17th. Sept., 1780. 

It being necessary for the good of his Majesty's 
Service that an Experienced Officer should be left 
with a small Detachment of Regular Troops at Cooke's 
Post, joined by a few of the new raised Corps, so as 
to make in the whole One Captain, two Subalterns, 
one Serjeant, one Corporal, and fifteen Privates, and 
relying on your knowledge in Military Affairs, I have 
thought proper to Appoint you to this duty, which will 
become a very Essential Command on my quitting the 
Harbour of St. John's with the Troops and Stores, 
which I am preparing to do with all Expedition, and 
to proceed to I31uefields, pursuant to his Excellency 
General Balling's orders, for that purpose. You are 
therefore to take upon you the Command of said De- 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I780. 3OI 

tachment and Post, preserve Order and strict disci- 
pline among the Troops Committed to your Charge, 
and use your best endeavours to fulfill in every re- 
spect the Important trust reposed in you. You will 
receive a quantity of Provision intended to be sent to 
the Castle of St. John's for the use of the Garrison 
at that place, which is to be kept Apart from that in- 
tended for your own Command, including Negroes 
that may be employed in the Transportation of Pro- 
visions to the Castle, of which your greatest attention 
is required for its perfect preservation and safety. 

You will Correspond with Capt. Dixon, or Officer 
Commanding at the Castle, and receive his or any 
other of your superior Officers' orders relative to for- 
warding Provisions, &c., to the Castle, or in any other 
respect wherein the good of the Service may be con- 
cerned. 

I recommend it to you to make a small Redoubt at 
the extremity of the lower part of the Island, so as 
to Command the mouth of the Colorado River, which 
will serve you as a place of defence in case of Attack 
from the Enemy, and cover your Stores, so essential 
to your own preservation and that of the Castle of 
St. John's. Lieut. Campbell, an Engineer, went a 
few days ago to the Castle, and expects to return 
in a short time ; this Gentleman, on your Application, 
will point out the proper place and form of your Re- 
doubt, and direct you with what material it may be 
easiest and soonest completed ; upon which Service 
your Negroes may be employed from time to time 
when not any other more material duty for them, but 
the Troops composing your Detachment are not to be 
put to that or any other drudgery except upon the 
most urgent necessity, and are only to be considered 
as a Guard over your Stores of Provisions, Boats, &c., 
&c.; the preservation of the latter so essential a care, 
that your strictest attention will be required, as there 
is not a doubt but the Negroes and others will attempt 
to take them off, if opportunities offer. Capt. Flynn, 



302 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I780. 

one of the Superintendents of Craft, will remain at 
your Post to direct in that department ; and whenever 
Boats with Provisions, &c., is sent from your Island to 
the Castle, He or Ensign Cameron of the Royal Bat- 
teaux Men should be ordered to conduct them, and I 
shall write to Capt. Dixon to the same purport, that 
he may order Mr. Fitzgibbon, Deputy in the Craft 
Department, to take his turn of that duty, for if the 
Boatmen are not attended by Officers, they will pass 
you and Desert. 

One six pounder with its Carriage Ammunition, &c., 
will be sent you for your further defence and Security. 
Should you be apprehensive at any time of an Attack 
from the Enemy, you will send off immediately all the 
Provision you can to the Castle, and have Boats pre- 
pared for your own Retreat to the same place ; but you 
are not to take that step without good reasons for the 
same, and nothing but the Evident knowledge of your 
falling into a superior Enemy's hands will Justify it. 
You will receive a Cask of Ball Cartridges, of which 
the greatest care is necessary% not only to keep them 
dry, but to Air them as often as the weather will per- 
mit, to prevent their Spoiling. The Troops sent you 
from this are complete to 36 Rounds per Man, and 
the greatest part of their Cartridges should be kept in 
Store, as by constant use and friction they spoil, though 
no wet comes to them. 

A small Dory with a few trusty hands should be 
sent once every Week at least to the Harbour, to look 
out and report to you all extraordinaries ; and if any- 
thing very material should happen, You will send me 
Notice of the same by Express to Bluefields. Some 
of the Shore Negroes know the Route from this to 
Bluefields by land, and may be sent with an offer of a 
Reward for their faithfully performing that trust ; at 
the same time Notice must be sent to the Officer 
Commanding at the Castle. 

You will receive some Sugar, Coffee, &c., to be dis- 
tributed to your Command, as well as the Negroes 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1780. 303 

employed in the Boats, as an inducement to their good 
behaviour, and Encouragement for their Exertions in 
carrying Provisions of Stores with the greater Spirit 
and good will. 

Your attention is likewise required to the Colorado 
River, and I would recommend it to you to look into 
it frequently. By going down the St. John's branch 
a view of the Harbour may be had, perhaps with more 
ease than that of the usual tract, but this you will be 
able to form a better judgment of by Enquiry. 

I have now, Sir, given you every direction for your 
Conduct that has occurred to me ; but as many circum- 
stances may arise that cannot be foreseen, it is left to 
you to deviate from them when the Service may re- 
quire it, and I rely upon your judgement that good 
reasons will be given for the same. 

Stephen Kemble. 

St. John's Harbour, Sept. 17th., 1780. 
Sir: 

I am to acknowledge the receipt of your Letters 
of 13th. and 1 5th. instant. The total dismantling of 
the Castle and the Obstacles that may arise in replac- 
ing the Artillery must lay you under innumerable 
difficulties ; but when an Officer is resolved to do his 
utmost, and exerts every nerve for the good of his 
Country — which, I am happy to find, are ideas you fully 

J)Ossess — difficulties vanish, and hardships are made 
ight of. Persevere, my dear Sir, and 1 doubt not but 
Credit and honour will be your portion. Preserve, if 
possible, your Mines Complete ; for the Enemy, from 
Accounts which they probably have received of your 
situation, may attempt the Castle, and if they knew the 
present opportunity are fools if they did not Embrace 
it But you should be on your guard in your ultimate 
resolutions, and not think of Abandoning the place 
too soon> should they Approach, for it is more than 
probable they may come down without Cannon, upon 
a supposition you are gone, or will go upon their Ap- 



304 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I780. 

pearance ; in that case I know of nothing to be so much 
dreaded as the destruction of your Huts at the Water 
side, which you should endeavour to cover in the best 
manner you are able, and the defence of the Castle an 
easy task, from any attempts with small Arms only. 

Fifty light Horse mount to you in Boats, with a 
supply of Provision and Stores you are most in need 
of ; these People are composed, I am told, in part of 
Prisoners under the name of Curacoa Men, but I fear 
many of them are Spaniards. However, on the Officers' 
arrival you will be particularly informed, and may in 
case of Alarm send such of them as you shall think 
proper to Cooke's Post ; at any rate, have an Eye upon 
those he shall point out, and never let them be placed 
as Sentinels over your Boats. Gen. Dalling recom- 
mends it to me not to employ them upon any Service 
but in their own line where 1 can avoid it ; but the pres- 
ent is indispensable, though you are not to renew the 
task but upon the most urgent Occasions, and then 
with Assurance of your wishes and Inclinations to give 
them every ease and comfort in your power ; in short, 
soften the Pill and gild it in the best manner you can. 
Three Months' Provision, of all Species, for two hun- 
dred Men is sent, or will be shortly, to Cooke's Post for 
your Garrison. All the Negroes at this place, amount- 
ing to about forty, will be employed in forwarding 
your Provision to Cooke's, which is to be the place of 
deposit on my leaving the Harbour, which I propose 
to do soon, and proceed to Bluefields, in consequence 
of Orders from Gen. Dalling for that purpose, taking 
all the Troops and Stores with me I can ; and by the 
first of October I suppose the second division of Ves- 
sels and Stores will follow, when you will be left un- 
protected by a Naval or any other force at this Harbour. 

1 have left a Detachment of 15 Men under the 
Command of Capt. Pellet, Jamaica Volunteers, at 
Cooke's Post, with Capt. Flynn, Superintendent of 
Craft; Ensign McNight, Legion; Ensign Cameron, 
Batteaux Corps ; and Dr. Cook, of the Jamaica Volun- 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I 780. 3o5 

teers. Capt. Pellet has orders to Obey your Com- 
mands, and is directed to dispatch Capt. Flynn or En- 
sign Cameron with every division of Craft he may 
send up ; but as this duty will' fall hard on these two 
Gentlemen, you will direct Mr. Fitzgibbon and Mr. 
Caldwell to take their turn. 

The larger Craft should unload at the Creek below 
the Falls, and return for more Provisions to Cooke's 
Post, till the whole you are to expect is got up ; in 
the meantime, Pitpans and other small boats should be 
employed in bringing it to the Castle. When this is 
completed, you will get up as many large Craft as may 
be necessary on an Emergency, with such small ones 
as your Service shall require, and Order the remainder 
to Cooke's Island, where they will be ready for future 
Service. Capt. Davis, Jamaica Volunteers, Acting 
Quarter Master General, is left by me at this place to 
Embark all Stores and to follow me to Bluefields with 
the second division. Should you have occasion to 
make any demands upon the receipt of this, send in- 
stantly, and your Letter may possibly catch him be- 
fore he leaves the Harbour. You talk of things 
wanting for the Germain, but send no list of them. 

Capt. Pellet is directed to dispatch all intelligence of 
consequence by land, either at your desire or, if any- 
thing material should require it, from himself; in the 
latter case to inform you of the same. As he will be 
rather weak in Troops, you may send a few of the 
Light Horse to remain with him, but the number must 
be small, and is solely left to your discretion to send them 
or not ; they have no Accoutrements, but you may fur- 
nish them with Spanish ones, a number of them having 
been left in the Castle. 

You should use all diligence in getting your Pro- 
vision up, and the moment you have got a few Guns 
mounted for immediate defence, employ all hands for 
that purpose ; nor should you rely on receiving all 
Supplies by the Negroes left here, but keep a Pitpan or 
two always on the River, for fear of delays, mismanage- 

VOL. II — 20 



306 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1780. 

ment, &c., &c., &c. All Work must stop when there 
IS danger of Supplies failing. 

I shall endeavour to send a Boat to Cooke's about the 
25th. October, by which time any Letters you may have 
should be there, and I request you will send me the 
fullest Returns of all Stores at your Post, what you may 
want, and carry other necessary Information, particularly 
of the State of your Provisions. The Negroes should 
have a share of Sugar, Coffee, &c., as a reward for 
their labour. 

I am, &c., &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 

To Capt. Dixo7i, St. Johns Castle, 



(Private.) 

St. John's Harbour, i8th. Sept., 1780. 

Sir : 

Though nothing would give me greater pleasure 
than to contribute to your relief, especially in the situ- 
ation you represent your Affairs to be in, still I find my- 
self under a necessity of refusing you leave of Absence ; 
My last Letters from Gen. Dalling are sharp on that 
subject, and a positive prohibition of granting Officers 
leave to go to Jamaica in future; Added to which I 
have not an Officer of your Rank or standing in the 
Army to replace you, nor do I know any of inferior 
Rank that could properly be intrusted with so impor- 
tant a Command in the present Situation of Affairs. 
Should I from motives of friendship, or for any other 
reasons, give you leave to quit the Castle, and an acci- 
dent happen, consider the Clamour that would be 
raised airainst me. It would be the eternal Source of 
all future mishaps and the reason assigned for all mis- 
fortunes that may happen ; for when things have not 
gone as our leaders wish, the most trivial matter is 
assicrncd for the g^eneral failure. 

Gen. Dalling thinks of nothing but prosecuting his 
Plan by this or some other River ; indeed, I suppose 
he is so far Embarked that he cannot recede. God 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I780. 307 

knows I wish him Success, but I dread the Undertak- 
ing. Capt. Herbert is come down in Apparent good 
health ; remember you may want Officers, and in times 
of distress they are the life of your cause ; permit no 
more to leave you but where Evident necessity re- 
quires it. 

I am, Sir, &c., &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 

To Capt. Dixon, St. Johns Castle, 



Jamaica, i8th. Sept., 1780. 

Sir : 

Your letters of the 2 2d., 26th., 28th., 30th., and 31st. 
of August, with the different enclosures and returns, 
I have received by the Kingston Packet. The Trans- 
ports sailed from hence the 5th. Instant, and I much 
hope have arrived before this period. 

After having incorporated the Legion and Batteaux 
Corps into the Jamaica Volunteers, agreeable to the 
enclosed orders, 1 would wish them appropriated to 
Bluefields and Black River, the latter now repossessed 
by its Inhabitants after having retired to Rattan, and 
the Negroes, lately in rebellion, all quieted. 

It may be requisite to leave a Captain with a few 
Regulars at each place, who should have orders to 
consult with the Superintendent in all matters relative 
to the safety and defence of that Country under his 
command, and communicate to him the strength of 
their force from time to time. 

Neither Fortune nor Fate are to be controlled ; I 
moan over our loss, but the having done all in our 
power ought and will be our consolation. 

I am, Sir, 

V^ery faithfully yours, 

John Dalling. 
To Brig. 'Gen. Kemb/e, 

Endorsed. Received the 26th. Oct., Enclosing Gen- 
eral Orders of i8th. Sept. Anszuered, 



308 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I780. 

(Enclosure.) 

General Orders. 

Head Quarters, Spanish Town, i8th. Sept., 1780. 

The non-commissioned Officers and privates of the 
Legion and the Corps of Batteaux Men to be drafted 
into the Jamaica Volunteers, the time for which they 
were enlisted being punctually adhered to and con- 
firmed. 

The Officers belonging to these Corps who have 
other Commissions and employments, to rejoin their 
respective Corps or employments ; those that are jiot 
so circumstanced are to continue on their pay until an 
opportunity offers of providing for them, or until the 
expiration of the Service. 

Jeff. Amherst, Aid-de-Camp. 



Pelican off Bluefields, 7th. October, 1780. 
Sir : 

I had the honour to receive your Excellency's 
two Letters of 26th. August on the nth. Sept., en- 
closing a Copy of the Resolutions of the Brigadiers, 
with Copies of Col. Irving's and Capt. Clark's Instruc- 
tions. I am extremely happy at the latter's Appoint- 
ment, with the powers given him to regulate matters 
relative to the Navigation of the River, and 1 am 
persuaded from his Abilities everything in that Line 
will be much forwarded. He left the Harbour of St. 
John's for the Castle on the 13th., and expected to 
return in about ten days, at w^hich he supposed I 
should have everything prepared to sail for Bluefields ; 
but the Ship Betsey having sprung a leak, and it 
being necessary to unload her before she could sail, I 
ordered the Flora and wSally to be got ready for sea as 
soon as possible. Embarked the 19th. with the few 
remaining Troops, agreeable to the enclosed Return, 
and Sailed the 21st., leaving Capt. Davis acting 
Quarter Master General to PLmbark all the remaining 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I780. 3c 

Stores, and follow me as soon as Capt. Haynes n 
turned to take him under Convoy. 

It has been my constant rule not to allow an) 
Officer to go to Jamaica except at the recommendation 
of Mr. Welch or Mr. Dancer, but your Commands 
shall be punctually obeyed in future. Capt. Dixon 
has applied to me for leave of absence to settle some 
Affairs of Consequence, but I have wrote him your 
Excellency's Approbation must be had before I can 
comply with his request. I enclose a Copy of his 
Letter to me of 13th. Sept. 

Col. Irving sailed the 15th. Sept. from St. John's 
Harbour for Bluefields, and promised to prepare 
everything for the reception of the sick, &c., in the 
best manner possible, it having been thought advisable 
to send the whole there; Capt. Parke sailed at the 
^ame time. in the Hope, but we met at Sea on the 
23d., and took her under Convoy ; She has since 
parted Company, being short of Water, and we hope 
:got into Harbour, though I have my doubts. 

Three months' Provisions of all Species for Two 
hundred Men is to be sent to the Castle ; the Detach- 
ment of Light Horse take part of it, the remainder to 
be lodged at the Coloradoes till it can be forwarded. 
This Detachment I was obliged to employ on that 
Service, as well to strengthen the Garrison as to hunt 
up a quantity of Provisions for immediate use. I 
should have preferred sending the Subaltern and De- 
tachment of Loyal Irish Corps, but they are a trouble- 
some set, know nothing of the Management of Boats, 
^nd most probably would never have got up. 

Capt. Pellet, of the Jamaica Volunteers, I have left 
to Command at Cooke's Post (Coloradoes), with a Sub- 
altern of the Legion and seventeen Men, as a Guard 
over the Provision Boats, &c., and to forward all stores 
to the Castle. He is directed to have the small re- 
doubt constructed as soon as possible, so as to Com- 
mand the Colorado Branch with a six pounder I have 
ordered to be sent him for that purpose. The Ne- 



3IO DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 

groes arrived in the last Convoy are to be employed 
in carrying up Provision to the Castle as soon as the 
Stores, &c., are Embarked at the Harbour ; and as 
Capt. Pellet will have a number of these people at his 
Post from time to time, Three Months' Provision for 
fifty Men is left with him. Capt. Flynn, of the Craft 
Department, a Subaltern of the Royal Batteaux Corps, 
and an Hospital Mate also remain with Capt. Pellet; 
the two former to be employed in conducting Craft 
from Port to Port, that the Negroes may not loiter on 
their way nor run off. 

Capt. Paterson, Superintendent of Craft, remains at 
the Harbour with Capt. Davis to collect and dispose 
of them in the best manner possible ; such as require 
repair, and are not fit for river use, to be lodged in 
some private place among the Lagoons, where they 
may be recovered hereafter and put in order. 

Frequent disappointments on my first arrival at the 
Castle in the Provision 1 was led to expect, from the 
inability of Soldiers to Navigate the Craft, as well 
as the Overturning of a Boat or two. Chagrined me 
much, and induced me to think Officers had not ex- 
erted themselves as they might have done. Enquiry 
was made, and I would have put any Officer in Arrest 
I could have laid my hands upon ; but Sickness was 
the P^xcuse, and the validity of the Plea not to be 
doubted. As to drunkenness, I did mention it once ; 
but that's the only instance I ever heard of. 

The Power given to Col. Poison to hold General 
Court Martial is confined solely to himself, and any 
step 1 might take in that respect would be irregular, 
and which I might possibly be called to an Account 
for hereafter. 

A Soldier of the Loyal Irish Corps, and one of the 
Legion, are now in confinement for Theft and Deser- 
tion, and I could wish to try them ; but 1 don't know 
whether I can Assemble a General Court Martial with 
propriety, even if I had Officers to compose it. 

Capt. Clark did not promise himself much Exertion 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 31I 

could be made from the Castle, but he was furnished 
with a Letter to Capt. Dixon on the Subject, and was 
satisfied that every Assistance on my part would not 
be wanting. 

I understand from Capt. Haynes that he intends to 
take the Diamond up at St. John's Harbour, and re- 
turn with her to Jamaica ; we shall then be left with- 
out a Ship of War on this Station, and 1 must observe 
to Your Excellency the necessity of having one to look 
into St. John's Harbour now and then, and to Convoy 
such Vessels as we may have occasion to send there 
with Provisions, &c., &c. 

I enclose you a Return of the Troops, and a Return 
of Artillery Stores at St. John's Harbour, with a State 
of the Garrison at the Castle. As soon as the Stores 
are landed at Bluefields and Assorted, the most exact 
Returns of the whole shall be sent that is in my power 
to procure. 

I have the honour, &c., &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 
To His Excellency Gen, Dalling, 



Bluefields, October nth., 1780. 
Sir : 

My Letter of the 7th., which your Excellency will 
receive with this, informs you that I sailed from St. 
John's Harbour on the 21st. September, but did not 
get into this Port till the 8th. instant. In our way up 
We touched at Corn Island, where I found Capt. Bai- 
ley in the Sloop lately from Tebuppy, whom I ordered 
to take on board the Hospital Stores, with the Gen- 
tlemen in whose charge they were, and to follow me 
to this place with all dispatch. On my arrival here I 
found Capt. Davis had completed the embarkation of 
Stores at St. John's Harbour, had sailed the 3d. in- 
stant in the Ship Betsey (her leak having been found 
and stopped), and got here the 6th., where 1 also found 
the Brigantine Polly, from which Vessel Capt. Irving 



312 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I 780. 

had landed his Stores, and was just setting off for 
Pearl Key Lagoon. Capt. Davis and the Officer Com- 
manding the Diamond thought it best not to await the 
Return of Capt. Haynes, as was proposed, the Service 
they had been left to execute being performed, and 
the Seamen falling down very fast. The Ship Betsey 
has now but two Men fit for Service, and the Flora 
Hospital Ship so reduced by sickness that the Crew 
could not have brought her into Harbour without 
assistance. 

The Hope is not yet come in, and our anxiety for 
her safety increases. The Sloop Success unfortu- 
nately passed this harbour in the night, as did most of 
the Diamond's Convoy, and I am mortified at the ne- 
cessity of informing your Excellency that she is now 
on Shore upon some of the Keys to Windward, and 
has all the Powder and some heavy Artillery on board. 
Capt. Everet, who arrived here a few days ago from 
Rattan with 52 Negroes, is dispatched with his Vessel 
to her assistance. The Negroes Capt. Everet brought 
are a prodigious acquisition, having not a soul to do 
anything ; Capt. Parke, with the Slaves under his 
direction, being on board the Hope. Capt. Everet 
acquaints me that he was certain 150 or two hundred 
Negroes might be got at Black River, provided they 
were to be commanded and solely directed by Officers 
of their own election. 1 think this matter might be 
managed by Major Laurie, and these men prove of con- 
siderable use. The Brigs Polly and Julia are to be 
unloaded with all haste, and shall proceed to Jamaica 
as soon as possible. The first will get back within the 
time agreed for, and the latter, if she arrives safe, will 
be a load taken off Government. Though no positive 
directions have been given about sending the Betsey, 
Flora, and Sally Transports back to Jamaica, it is my 
intention they shall proceed to Kingston as soon as 
our weak state will permit us to unload them, as the 
Worms would destroy their bottoms in a very short 
time if they remained here. Should your Excellency 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I 780. 313 

be of different Sentiments, your Commands will most 
probably reach me before they are ready to sail. 

The ground upon the Bluff and close to the Anchor- 
ing place for Shipping is admirably disposed for an 
Encampment ; it is the Saddle of a Hill, and open to 
the Sea Breeze, but will only contain one line of Huts. 
It is at present overgrown with Shrubs, but the Ne- 
groes are at work clearing it, and shall, as soon as that 
is done, be employed in erecting Huts for the Soldiers, 
who will in the meantime be landed and put under 
Tent Cloths. 

Before Capt. Davis left St. John^s all the provisions. 
Wine, Sugar, &c., intended for the Castle and for 
Cooke's Post were forwarded, and mostly arrived at the 
latter place, from whence the Negroes by the Sally, 
under proper officers, and the Light Dragoons (to be 
employed only once in this Service) were to carry the 
proportion allotted to the Castle. 

The Weak state of the Garrison at the Castle, as 
appears by copy of Capt. Dixon*s Return of Sept. 
20th. enclosed, and the approaching sickly Season will, 
I am afraid, so far reduce their strength as to render 
a reinforcement absolutely necessary, as early as pos- 
sible. The Light Dragoons (many of whom came 
here almost naked, and were by my orders at the re- 
quest of their Officer supplied with necessaries by Mr. 
Shaw, who has got a Bill of Exchange for the same 
on the Agent to the Corps) will, I fear, be but a 
trifling addition, as above half of them appear to be 
Spaniards ; and in my present situation I shall w4th 
difficulty be able to procure a guard for the Stores, so 
that no assistance can be sent from hence. I am in- 
formed by Dr. Saunderson that of the Sick on board 
the Flora, 57 have died since their embarkation at St. 
John s, though every assistance was given them, and 
Wine, Sugar, Vermicelli, &c., liberally distributed 
under the eye of the Surgeon. Every effort will be 
made to supply the Troops with Fresh Beef, Turtle, 
and Fish ; and from the steps I have directed and 



314 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 78O. 

empowered Mr. Shaw to take, I have little doubt of 
their being soon amply supplied, and even a deposit of 
Cattle made for future occasions, though the prices 
will be higher than usual from the uncommon demand. 
Wine. Sugar, Coffee, and Vermicelli shall be distrib- 
uted to the well and Sick, and every attention in my 
power paid to the preservation of the remaining few. 

By a Letter I received the other day from Messrs. 
Cairns and Thomson, dated the 28th. Sept.. they had 
then been 3 days at Tebuppy, had landed all their 
presents in good Order, were to meet the Chief in two 
days more (some hundreds of the lower Class being 
then with them), and they seem to be certain of an 
effectual reconciliation taking place ; all they want is 
some Cash to purchase Fresh Beef for the entertain- 
ment of the Indians, and some Articles sent under 
charge of Capt. Gleadowe in the Sloop Success, and 
afterwards reshipped in the Sloop Hope, unfortunately 
not yet arrived. So that my next will, 1 hope, convey 
the Accounts of a close being put to this negotiation 
in the manner you wish. 

1 am, and have been of late, much indisposed ; and 
Officers are much wanting to carry on the Service. 
Certainly some of those who went to Jamaica are re- 
covered and ought to return ; if not, others, both Cap- 
tains and Subalterns, should be sent for. Were any 
accident to happen me, Capt. McDonald of the Jamaica 
Volunteers would become Commanding Officer at this 
place, for which Command his inexperience of the Ser- 
vice must render him unfit. 

Your Excellency must excuse me from further par- 
ticulars, as I am obliged to be down with the Fever, 
and I would not wish to Request Capt. Haynes to 
delay his departure, as his people are taken sick every 
hour. 

I have the honour to be, &c., &c., 

Stephen* Kemble. 
To His Excellency Gen, Dalling, 

Per His Majesty's Ship Pelican. 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 3l5 

Bluefields, 13th. Oct., 1780. 

Gentlemen : 

I am to acknowledge the receipt of your Letters 
of loth. and 28th. Sept. In your first, from Pearl Key 
Lagoon, you acquaint me of your having made a prog- 
ress in reconciling the Indians in that Neighbourhood, 
and of your making the Woolwaas friends with the 
Mosquito Men ; that the former are an acquisition in 
case of any Excursion being intended up Bluefields or 
Great River, as they reside upon the borders of the 
Spanish Towns. 

I flatter myself your succeeding Negotiations will 
be attended with the like fair prospect of a lasting 
Union and Amity with the Indians in general, and 
that your unremitting Exertions will be closed with a 
happy success in all respects, with Credit to yourselves, 
and to the advantage of his Majesty's Service. 

You carried from St. John's Harbour a considerable 
quantity of Rum, at that time deemed sufficient for 
your purpose, and I am apprehensive the Commander 
in Chief will think I have been lavish in granting a 
further supply ; but as your Consumption has been 
greater than was expected, from unavoidable circum- 
stances, a small quantity shall be sent you with some 
flour by Capt. Everet, who will Sail in a short time for 
your part of the Coast. The Articles you mention to 
have come from Jamaica in the Success were reshipped 
on board the Hope for Bluefields ; but she is a miss- 
ing Ship, has many of our most Valuable Stores on 
board, and we are put to a thousand Inconveniencies 
on] Account of her absence. As to the late Capt. 
Gleadowe's funeral expenses, I don't see how they can 
be brought under the head of a public Charge, nor 
ought they to have been great. Some money shall be 
sent you for the Public Expenditure, to enable you to 
carry on the Service you are engaged in with propriety, 
and for the uses you mention, at least such part of it 
as may be necessary ; and what you receive must be 
duly accounted for. 



3l6 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 

As you represent to me that Sugar is necessary for 
the Entertainment of the Indian Chiefs, a Barrel shall 
be sent you, as also some Beef or Pork. 

Your Letter of 28th. from Tebuppy refers to one 
wrote from Great River, which has never come to 
hand. I am glad to find the Presents were landed in 
such good Order, and I sincerely hope your expecta- 
tions of pacifying the Indians will be fulfilled. When 
Harry Wilson left St. John's Harbour, I expected to 
have been at Bluefields by the time he could have 
got there, and to have wrote you by him ; but con- 
trary winds made our passage a most tedious one, and 
we did not arrive here till the 8th. instant. 
I am, Gentlemen, &c., &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 
To Messrs, Cairns and Tho7nsofi. 



Bluefields, 15th. Oct., 1780. 

Gentlemen : 

I yesterday had the pleasure to receive your Letter 
of 4th. inst., with the Proceedings of a General Con- 
gress, and a joint Letter from the Governor and Gen. 
Smee. 

I am extremely well pleased with the assurances 
contained in the Proceedings of the Congress of a per- 
fect reconciliation having taken place with the two 
Tribes that were at St. John's Castle, and I hope that 
your knowledge of and judicious management of these 
People, the Amity and good Understanding that has 
been Established will subsist for a long time, and 
redound to the advantage of his Majesty's Service. 
Copies of the Proceedings of the Congress and your 
Letter shall be transmitted to his Excellency by first 
opportunity, that he may see the happy Effects of 
your Negotiations, and I doubt not but the whole 
will meet with his Approbation. 

I have only to observe on the subject of Crafts that 
Jasper Hills was purchased by Mr. Shaw at St. John's 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I 780. 317 

Harbour, and that he is not entitled to any Payment for 
her. As to hiring or buying Craft from the Indians, 
that had better be deferred for the present, though it 
would be proper to apprise them they will be wanted, 
that they may have them ready ; and I could wish an 
Account of them were taken, and sent me with the 
Name or Names of Persons to be applied to to Collect 
them whenever the Service may require it. 

My Letter of 13th. informs you of several Articles 
that were to be sent by Capt. Everet, some of which 
you will receive with this. The unfortunate Absence 
of the Ship Hope deprives us of every necessary 
article to carry on the Service here. She likewise has 
on board the few remaining Stores, that might have 
been applied to purchasing Pitpans, &c.; but that in- 
convenience is Obviated by the arrival of Col. Irving 
from Jamaica, with a large Assortment of Presents. 
He will set off in a few days for the different Settle- 
ments on the Shore, and will settle with the Persons 
you have engaged to build Pitpans for Payment of the 
same. He will likewise carry Arms, &c., &c., for the 
Governor and Gen. Smee, to whom I refer them for 
what they will want to carry on their intended Excur- 
sion against the Spanish Settlements. 

The Sloop St. John had all our Powder on board, 
and by some unaccountable accident run on one of the 
Pearl Keys, where she bulged, and I fear all is lost. 

I am, Gentlemen, &c., &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 
To Messrs. Cairns and Thomso7i. 



Bluefields, 21st. Oct., 1780. 
Sir : 

I am to acknowledge the receipt of your Letters 
of 23d. Sept. and 4th. inst. Your recommendation of 
Mr. Lynch would have great weight with me were the 
Appointment of Master Carpenter vacant ; but when 
Mr. Wright left the Harbour of St. John's for Ja- 



3l8 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 

maica, a prospect of his recovery was not despaired 
of, and he may return to his duty ; should it happen 
otherwise, and my good Offices can contribute to his 
Promotion, I shall be glad to serve him. 

You mention the Spaniards having occupied an 
Island on this side of the Lake, but are not so par- 
ticular as I could wish, requesting at some time a 
Copy of Mr. Wright's Journals, which I now enclose 
you. 

I am, &c., &c., &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 
To Lieut. Despard, Chief Engineer y Si. Johns Castle. 



Bluefields, 21st. Oct., 1780. 

Sir : 

I am to acknowledge the receipt of your Letters 
of 2 1 St. and 23d. Sept. The situation I was in at St. 
John's Harbour and still am, from the debilitated state 
of the Troops that were up the River, left me no choice, 
and I was under a necessity of sending the Light Horse 
to you, whose Conduct I hope will show they are 
deserving of a better character than Capt. Clark has 
given them. Seventeen Recruits of the Loyal' Irish 
came from Jamaica at the same time the Light Horse 
did, but they were a troublesome set, and the change 
of climate, as well as their inexperience of the manage- 
ment of Boats, so much against them, that I thought 
it was most probable they never would get up to the 
Castle, and if they did, in all likelihood so much reduced 
as not to be of any use ; on the other side, the Light 
Horse were accustomed to Boats and inured to a 
Southern climate. I have now given you my reasons 
for sending them to the Castle, which necessity obliged 
me to do, and I have only to Repeat the Injunction in 
my last, that you will be on your guard against them. 

In my letter of 17th. Sept. I requested returns of all 
Stores might be sent me, specifying particularly the 
quantity of Artillery and Stores remaining, Spanish as 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 319 

well as English, and what you might want to be sent 
up ; the latter I have received from Mr. Despard, but 
to get them conveyed to you is a difficulty. 

I also mentioned in one of my Letters your giving 
directions to some of the Return Boats to take the 
Howitzer Carriage, &c., on Board that was left on a 
sand Bank in the River. The Carriage that was at the 
Castle is, I suppose, still there, as I never heard of its 
being sent to the Harbour. I am much pressed by 
Gen. Dalling for a Return of all Stores, which I cannot 
make out till I get yours of every Department. 

In your Garrison Returns you should have Columns 
for Dead, Deserted, &c. ; for, although we see your 
numbers diminish, I am at a loss to know by what 
means. 

I hope you have received your private as well as 
public Stores, and that your situation is greatly mended 
for the better. What to do for a Doctor to be sent 
you I don't know ; our Sick decrease by death, but no 
other way, and we are hardly capable of attending the 
remainder ; never was there so complete a ruin. 
I am Sir, &c., &c., &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 
To Capt. Dixoji or Officer Commanding at 
St. John's Castle. 

P. S. A Surgeon's Mate attended the Light Horse. 
He does not bear the best Moral Character, but thought 
not to be deficient in his profession, and may be of use 
to you till another is sent. Mr. Despard mentions the 
Spaniards having occupied an Island on this side of 
the Lake, but he is not so particular as I could wish. 

The Sloop St. John, having all our powder on board, 
has been wrecked on the Pearl Keys, in her Passage 
from the Harbour, and the whole lost except a few 
Barrels which are damaged. This misfortune puts it 
out of my Power to supply with that necessary Article 
immediately as I could wish, and I need not observe to 
you the necessity of being as careful of what yx)u have 
as possible. 



320 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 

Bluefields, 22d. Oct., 1780. 
Sir : 

I am given to understand that some People from 
the Shore propose going to St. John's Harbour to 
plunder the different Vessels Sunk there ; and, as many- 
Valuable Articles may be saved from them hereafter, 
I am to desire you will take every precaution in your 
power to prevent it, and to acquaint me with the Names 
of all Persons you may discover attempting to pilfer 
the Wrecks, or taking anything whatever from the 
Harbour that belongs to the Public. 

Returns of the Detachment under your Command 
should be sent me by every opportunity, acquainting 
me, at same time, with the quantity of Provisions 
remaining to be sent to the Castle, and what forward- 
ness your Redoubt is in. 

I am. Sir, &c., &c., &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 

To Capt. Pellet or Officer Commanding at the Coloradoes. 



Bluefields, 26th. Oct., 1780. 
Sir : 

I am informed that on your arrival at Pearl 
Key Lagoon from St. John's Harbour you circulated 
Reports that any of the Inhabitants of the Shore who 
bring Refreshments for Sale to the Troops at that place 
would be impressed into the Service, whereby many 
adventurers were deterred from proceeding with sup- 
plies they had Actually engaged for that purpose, to 
the no small detriment of his Majesty's Service ; and 
reflecting on your Situation at that time, when you 
most probably conceived yourself an Officer, and hold- 
ing a Commission in the Army, I cannot but look upon 
such proceeding in the most Serious light. I think it 
therefore incumbent on you to disprove these Allega- 
tions in the Clearest and most Authentic manner ; other- 
wise I shall look upon it as an indispensable part of my 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I 780. 32 1 

duty to take such steps as may be highly disagreeable 
to you. 

I am, Sir, &c., &c., &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 
To Capt. Potts. 

Bluefields, 26th. Oct., 1780. 
Sir : 

Being informed by Messrs. Cairns and Thomson 
that you have been empowered by Sir Alexander Leith 
to employ Indians and others to make Pitpans for the 
Public Service, with a daily allowance for the same 
and being desirous to know the conditions upon which 
you are engaged, as well as to speak to you upon a 
complaint of Major Laurie's relative to the Records 
of the Shore, which were, and he still supposes are, 
in your possession, I am to desire you will therefore 
repair to Bluefields with all Expedition, bringing such 
Papers with you as may be necessary to clear up these 
matters. 

I am. Sir, &c., &c., &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 
To Mr. L' Estrange, 

Bluefields, 29th. Oct., 1780. 
Gentlemen: 

Mr. Graham, of 23d. Sept., from great River on 
the 19th. inst., Capt. Potts being understood to be the 
Person you refer to having propagated Reports prej- 
udicial to the Service, I have in consequence wrote 
him on the subject. I am obliged to you for Publish- 
ing the Advertisement, a Copy of which you enclose, 
and I request you will continue to give every Assur- 
ance to the People in general on the Shore that neither 
their Slaves, Craft, or anything whatever belonging to 
them shall be impressed into the Service, but, on the 
contrary, that they shall have a free and open Sale 
for all they bring, and be at liberty to return at their 
pleasure. 

VOL. II— 21 



322 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I 780. 

Having no Ship of War on this Station and uncer- 
tain when one may arrive, I am induced to adopt your 
opinion warmly of an attack upon Matina by a number 
of Indians, which may be productive of good, and I 
see no Evil to arise from it. You will therefore use 
your utmost endeavours to persuade them to under- 
take the Expedition. Arms, Ammunition, and Pro- 
visions will be furnished them here ; and should you 
Accomplish this matter, your accompanying the Indi- 
ans to this place will be necessary. 

As it is supposed you had taken as much salt as 
was necessary for your purpose on your leaving St. 
John's Harbour, the present demand is unexpected, 
and the destruction of large quantities by various 
Accidents, as well as the uncertainty of what may 
remain, obliges me to defer complying with your re- 
quest just now. 

I am. Gentlemen, &c., &c., &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 
To Messrs. Cairns and Thomson. 



Bluefields, 31st. Oct, 1780. 

Sir : 

I had the honour to receive your Excellency's 
Letter of 18th. Sept. on the 27th. inst. Capt. Muller, 
the Bearer of it, landed at Monkey Point, under 
which the Kingston took shelter, not being able to 
make this Port, and after a tedious March of three 
days, during excessive bad weather, was lucky enough 
to get here in good health. It would have been a 
fortunate circumstance had this Gentleman arrived 
sooner, Ct)l. Irving having proceeded up Bluefields 
only two days before to Explore it, and to send your 
Excellency a Report of his observations by the Brig 
Polly, which Vessel was, at his request, detained for 
the purpose, but She will now be dispatched with all 
Expedition. 

Capt. Muller is preparing to follow Col. Irving, and 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 323 

proposes to proceed as soon as the weather will per- 
mit, which has been extremely bad for some days 
past, and the Waters so much raised by Violent 
Rains, that it would be difficult, if not impossible, to 
make head against the Current. 

Your Excellency's Orders for Incorporating the 
Legion and Corps of Batteaux Men into the Jamaica 
Volunteers has been issued, but I fear little real 
Strength will accrue to the Volunteers from their ac- 
quisition of numbers. In the last Return, transmitted 
by the Pelican, they were only seventy-five Effectives, 
some of which have since died here, and we may sup- 
pose an equal proportion of those at the Castle. I 
have ordered the Draft to take place from the 24th. 
inst., and the Men's Accounts to be made up to that 
period, being the end of last Muster. 

By the enclosed Return your Excellency will per- 
ceive I have not Men to send to Black River, the few 
present in Column fit for duty being scarcely sufficient 
to furnish the necessary Guards for the protection of 
the Stores to be landed. 

Former Letters express my intentions of sending 
Troops to Black River, but finding that could not 
be done on my arrival at the Harbour, I thought the 
best expedient I could use was to order Capt. Caddie 
to collect his Company and put himself under the 
command of Major Laurie, in consequence of which 
I wrote him a Letter, of which the enclosed is a Copy ; 
but some Anecdotes of that Gentleman*s conduct have 
since come to my knowledge that render him unwor- 
thy of holding a Commission in the Service, and the 
Letter you will receive with this from Major Laurie 
-Corroborate the Charges against him. This Letter I 
took the liberty of opening, conceiving it might con- 
tain matter of public concern necessary for me to 
know. I also enclose your Excellency a Copy of a 
Letter I have wrote to Major Laurie, to be forwarded 
to him in a few days by a Sloop that has brought 
30 more Negroes from Rattan. 



324 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 

Having no Ship of War on this Station, and uncer- 
tain when one may arrive, I have approved of a 
proposition made by Messrs. Cairns and Thomson, 
of employing some of the Indians on an Expedition 
to Matina. It may divert the Spaniards from making 
an attempt on Cook's Post, Coloradoes, should they 
have entertained ideas on that head ; at any rate, I 
can see no bad effects to arise from it. Should you 
think otherwise, your Commands will reach *me time 
enough to put a stop to it, as I apprehend the Mos- 
quito Men will not choose to stir till the Norths are 
over. 

I dispatched Allen the Pilot immediately on my 
arrival here, with a quantity of Water, in search of the 
Hope, but he has not been lucky enough to find her, 
and I am in great Anxiety for her safety. The De- 
tachment of Loyal Irish, with Capt. Parke, his Negroes 
and Stores, are on Board of her, as well as many other 
valuable Stores. Enclosed I likewise send you a 
Copy of the proceedings of a General Congress held 
at Tebuppy. 

I have the honour to be, &c., &c., &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 
To His Excellency Gen. Dalling, 



Bluefields, ist. Nov., 1780. 
Sir : 

I requested Mr. Shaw to acquaint you that ill 
health prevented my answering your Letter of 31st. 
August by the Pelican. I am afraid the Returns you 
require cannot be procured, from the General Con- 
fusion that has prevailed and the want of proper Offi- 
cers in the several Departments, particularly the Ar- 
tillery, but such as can be got shall be sent, which will 
pretty nearly show what is left, exclusive of what is at 
the Castle ; but the deficiency cannot be accounted for 
with the smallest degree of certainty. When Sir Alex- 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 325 

ander Leith came to the Harbour of St. John's, I sent 
him Returns of all Artillery Stores at the Castle, that 
he might see what we had and what were wanted, 
happy at the thoughts of having an Officer of his 
Abilities appointed by his Excellency to direct in that 
line ; but, as fortune would have it, that Gentleman's 
health never permitted him to look into that part of 
his duty ajid make those Arrangements he might have 
done. These reasons I hope will be sufficient to show 
that this particular Department has been attended to 
as much as Situation and Circumstances would permit. 
Had Mr. Jones, Store keeper of Artillery, remained at 
the Harbour, as I expected he would have done, per- 
haps a better account of Stores might have been 
procured. 

Mr. Shaw will answer for himself in the Provision 
line, and do me the justice to say, that early after 
my arrival from the Castle, I mentioned to him the 
necessity of sending a general State to you, which he 
informed me was impossible from the confusion of 
Affairs and situation of the Vessels in the Harbour. 

The Quarter Master General's Stores I likewise 
requested Capt. Poison to get a Return of at St. 
John's Harbour, and take into his Charge, but they 
were stowed in the holds of Ships indiscriminately and 
could not be got at. As to Engineers' Stores, there 
was not any one there to give an account of them, nor 
do I believe there were any worth mentioning. In 
short. Sir, I Don't see that more can be done at this 
time than to give the best Return I possibly can get 
of what remains, which is in hand, but cannot be 
executed till the Vessels are unloaded and each Arti- 
cle separated. The slow progress made in that, from 
the multiplicity of business, will make it a tedious 
Work, the Negroes having been and still are employed 
in preparing Huts for the Troops; have been ill my- 
self, and Capt. Rochat till within these few days not 
able to look into matters, which may have retarded 
affairs a little, and the absence of the Hope still adds 



326 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPON4)ENCE, 1 780. 

to our difficulties, many necessary implements being* 
on board of her. 

As to Provisions we have been most amply sup- 
plied, and the comforts for the Sick and well, such as 
Coffee, Sugar, &c., &c., in abundance from the time 
the Hope arrived. I have already expressed my 
thanks to his Excellency for his Bounty and attention, 
and our Acknowledgments are also due to you, Sir^ 
on this head. 

Enclosed you also have a Return of Artillery Stores 
wanted for St. John's Castle, a Return of what is 
there, and a Return of Carpenters' and Smiths' tools 
at this place and on Board the Hope. 

Cartridge Papers is much wanted here ; Powder we 
have little ; but of all these necessary Articles na 
proper Return can be got, from the want of knowledge 
in the Conductor. In short, except some Officer of 
Experience in that line is sent down, I don't see that a 
true State of Stores can ever be got. 

Enclosed is the only Return of Artillery Stores I 
am yet able to procure. 

I am. Sir, &c., &c., &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 
To Hercules Ross, Esq, 



(Private.) Bluefields, Nov., 1780. 

Supposed about 2d. of the month. 
Sir : 

Mr. Shaw is much distressed at the idea enter- 
tained of his being deficient in issuing Sugar, Coffee^ 
&c., sent by the Hope, and I apprehend I am not free 
from Calumny on that occasion. The Author of this 
information, I am apt to think, is Sir Alexander Leith, 
whose enquiry did not probably extend so far as the 
Hospital, which ever has been supplied, I am informed, 
with plenty of Sugar and Wine, and I know of none 
but his Batteaux Men that were at the Harbour on his 
Arrival, that were not objects of an Hospital ; if there 
were others, in the name of God why did not Sir Alex- 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 327 

ander order a distribution to be made, having an 
Invoice of the whole, and knowing the Motives for 
which they were sent ? It could not be from delicacy, for 
he distributed the greatest part of the Tobacco sent on 
that occasion to his meritorious Batteaux Men, whose 
powers and perseverance were to do wonders. He 
told me on his arrival at the Castle, I might depend 
upon having 130 Barrels of Provision: the whole Em- 
barked under his direction, I am credibly informed, did 
not exceed 66 in his two Divisions of Boats ; the 
whole of his second and one of the first never arrived. 
Mr. Shaw did not look upon himself at liberty to make 
a distribution without my knowledge, and wrote to me 
accordingly; but my return to the Harbour followed so 
soon after I received his Letter, that nothing could 
have been done prior to it. My first attention was 
then paid to the Hospital, and very soon after the 
Troops were all arrived from the Castle, a distribu- 
tion took place ; perhaps a few days might have elapsed, 
but then the well and sick were supplied with Turtle. 
Should anything on this subject have escaped my 
Memory, Capts. Poison and Bulkeley and Dr. Welch 
were acting; Any may answer any questions. Had I 
been Idle enough to have depended upon Sir Alex- 
ander's Assurances of supplying me with Provisions, 
that consequence would have been that I must have 
abandoned the Castle, leaving a number of Troops to 
perish, not having Boats sufficient to carry the whole 
off ; and it was by an extraordinary exertion of Capt. 
Lamb's, whom I sent from the Castle after my return to 
it for a load of Flour, that the Castle was at last pre- 
served, though I had earnestly recommended it to him 
(Sir Alexander) long before. I mention these cir- 
cumstances to show Sir Alexander's want of thought, 
and his neglect of using the means recommended, and 
to show you that that Gentleman's conduct in many 
respects was most extraordinary. 

I am, Sir, &c., &c., &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 
To Hercules Ross, Esq. 



328 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 

Bluefields, 4th. Nov., 1780. 
Sir : 

I acquainted you in my last of 21st. Oct., that 
most of our Powder was lost in the Sloop St. John ; 
but after drying what was saved, about 30 Barrels 
proves serviceable, twenty of which I now send you 
with one hundred and sixty 6 pound round shot. To 
send Artillery without Ammunition would answer no 
one ; you must therefore do the best you can till more 
can be sent from Jamaica. I mentioned to you in a 
former Letter that the Carriages of one on two Guns 
were left at the falls with some other Articles, and 
wished they might be brought down by the Return 
Boats, as well as a Carriage belonging to one of the 
52 Inch Brass Howitzers left formerly by the Ulysses 
Boat on a Sand bank, and known to many that pass up 
and down the River. The Gia you requested to be 
sent could not be spared, having no other for the pur- 
pose of mounting heavy Guns at this place, and one 
that was so much out of repair that it would have been 
of no use; one leg was [Eight pages of Letter Book 

torn out]. 

****** 

the first is necessary for the Command of the Corps ; the 
other, the only Officer I have to detach upon any urgent 
occasion. 

The Works of this place go on very slow indeed, 
owing in a great measure to the want of Proper Peo- 
ple to attend the Negroes, nor are there any to be 
procured. Capt. Rochat's ill-health has been severely 
felt on this occasion, and my repeated Attacks of the 
fever has rendered me almost incapable of business of 
any sort ; so much so, that unless I recover shortly I 
must give up the Command, and request your Excel- 
lency's permission to change the Air for my health. 
In the meantime I shall not fail to do all in my power 
for the good of the Service, the business of which I 
find myself much less able to go through than hereto- 
fore. 

Col. Irving has promised to take the Charge of 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 329 

Collecting Pitpans, &c., on himself, and is much bet- 
ter able from his knowledge of that business than I 
am to execute it to advantage. Only one has yet 
been brought from the Indians in this River, and I 
fear delays may arise from the want of them should 
the Service require them in haste. The number of 
Craft is also much diminished from the loss of several, 
and the bad order others are in. Your excellency's 
Commands on these and other Subjects are very 
necessary, that the most steady and effectual Arrange- 
ments may be made. I enclose to Mr. Ross the only 
Return of Artillery Stores now here that I am able to 
get from the Conductor, but how far it may be just is 
not in my power to say. On my arrival here I re- 
ceived a Return from Mr. Despard of Artillery and 
Ammunition wanting for the Garrison of St. John's 
Castle, which would have been fortunate had I received 
it before I left the Harbour, as some Powder might 
have been saved ; but I have supplied them as far as 
was in my power, and sent twenty Barrels Powder and 
160 6-pound round Shot, which was all could be 
spared. The incapacity of the present Conductor of 
Artillery, the only Officer in that Department, is such 
that no true state of Stores can be got, and ill-health 
renders him at times entirely useless. Had I a person 
to substitute in his place it should be done, as his con- 
duct on the loss of the Sloop St. John would justify 
any step I could take ; but necessity obliges me to 
continue him at present. Capt. McGuire's behaviour 
on the loss of the Sloop also shown in the enclosed 
Court of Enquiry. 

From the State of Affairs in general, your Excel- 
lency will perceive that little or no dependence can be 
had on the quantity of Stores here for future occa- 
sions, and that any Troops that may be sent to this 
Quarter should be provided Amply with all requisites 
for Service to avoid disappointments. 

There is now remaining only nine Barrels of Pow- 
der and two Bags, which, with the twenty sent to the 
Castle, is all that was saved from the St. John. I 



330 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I780. 

nlentioned in my Letter by the Pelican, that it was 
Capt. Everet's opinion some Negroes might be got at 
Black River. Should your Excellency think proper 
to give any directions on that head, I apprehend 
Major Laurie would be able to put your Commands 
in Execution to the greatest advantage, being on the 
spot. Those we have here, I understand, are very 
averse to going up the River St. John's, and I fear 
would desert if ordered on that Service ; and those 
from Black River, I am of opinion, entertain the same 
ideas. Enclosed you have a list of some late Appoint- 
ments. Dr. Keeffe came from Rattan with fifty odd 
Negroes by desire of the Proprietors, who promised 
that Government should give him lo shillings per day 
for attending them down, which is paid ; and being 
much in want of Surgeon's Mates, I appointed him to 
the Hospital, but not without being under a necessity of 
giving him 5 shillings per day to detain him, in order to 
send him to the Castle. Capt. Dixon having repeatedly 
wrote for a Surgeon, Mr. Jameson recommended him 
as a Man of Capacity, and very assiduous in his duty. 
Dr. Henderson, Surgeon's Mate in the Hospital, is 
recommended to me by Mr. Jameson for leave to go 
to Jamaica on Account of his health. I am sensible, by 
granting these permissions, I am acting in contradic- 
tion to your orders ; but what can I do, Sir, when as- 
sured it is the only chance for a Man's life ? 

List of Appointments since 22d. July, 1780. 

Mr. Adams appointed an Assistant in the Quarter 
Master General's Department, at 55^. per day, I4tlv, 
Sept., 1780; Dr. Cook, Surgeon's Mate in the Hospi- 
tal at 5^. per day, i8th. Sept.. 1780; Dr. Keeffe, Sur- 
geon's Mate in the Hospital, at ^s. per day, 10th. Oct, 

1780. 

I am, &c , &c., 

Stephen Kemble 

To His Excellency Gen. Dalling. 
Sent by Kingston Packet, on 22d. Nov. 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I780. 33 1 

Jamaica, 8th. November, 1780. 

Sir: 

You will on receipt of this immediately send an 
express to Capt. Dixon, or Officer Commanding the 
Castle of St. John, directing him to Dismantle and 
blow it up, having previously embarked such of the 
Artillery, Ammunition, and stores as he can bring 
away, and to retire with his Garrison to join you at 
Bluefields, bringing with him the detachment and pro- 
visions left at the post on the river. 

A detachment of 100 Men from The Troops under 
your Command with a proportionate number of Offi- 
cers to be sent to Black River with the same Orders 
mentioned in my dispatches to you of the i8th. Sep- 
tember, and any other directions you may for the good 
of the service see necessary to give. 

After leaving a detachment of the like number 
under a Captain at Bluefields (where I intend sending 
Major McDonald to command), with a Sufficiency of 
Stores, ammunition, and provisions, and such Negroes 
as may be requisite to complete the necessary defences . 
that you may point out, and having forwarded a suffi- 
cient supply of Arms, Ammunition, and provisions 
^ith the Detachment to Black River, you are to return 
to me here, bringing with you the Remainder of the 
Troops, Stores, Ammunition, &c., and all Officers, to 
whatever Corps they may belong, excepting such as 
you may see necessary to leave for carrying on the 
service at either place. 

Should your force not be equal to these Detach- 
ments, your own judgment will point out the best 
manner of executing these orders, and I beg of you 
to Assure the Officers of the different Corps that I 
shall take every opportunity of serving them ; those of 
the Regulars will be advanced whenever an occasion 
presents itself, and such of the Provincial Officers as 
prefer a Military life will be provided for in the estab- 
lished Regiments of the Army. 



332 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I780. 

Capt Dixon to return to Jamaica by the first safe 
conveyance. 

I am. Sir, 

your most obedient humble Servant, 

John DalHng. 
To Brig,-Gnu Kemble. 

Endorsed. Received 25th., Enclosing General 
Ordersw Ansu^ered, 



Jamaica, 9th. November, 1780. 
Sir: 

CapL Askey of the Schooner Dolphin having 
agreed to deliver my Dispatches to you only on the ex- 
press condition that he might not be Detained against 
hb Inclination. I have to request that his desire may 
be complied with, and I b^ of you to thank Capt. 
Askey on his delivering the dispatches, assuring him 
el my determination to serve him when in my power. 
I am your most obedient Ser\'ant, 

John Dalling. 

71^ Brxg^-Gen. KembU. 

Endorsed. Received the 25th. Ansicered. 



Loss OF THE Sloop St. John. 

Bluelields. i6th. Nov., 1780. 
Proceedings of a Court of Enquir\' held this day. 
By Order of "Brig.-GeiL KemWe. In order to Ex- 
amine into the Conduct of Capt. Michael McGuire, 
Mr Conrad Trij^pelL Conductor of Artillery, And Mr. 
Cieorv-e Flowers. Acting Master Carpenter, while on 
Boar^the Sloop Sl fohn. After her being run on shore 

on one of the Peari Ke>^ p ^, . 

Capt. MacdonaW, lamaica R- \ olunteers. President; 
LieuT^lames Fahy. 6odL Rcgt., Lieut. Dowling, L. I. 

Mn Peter Gukm* Master of the Sloop St John, 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 333 

being called on to inform the Court respecting the 
Conduct of Capt. McGuire while on Board, Declares 
that on Friday the 6th. Ulto., when the Sloop run on 
Shore on one of the Pearl Keys, He was confined to 
his Bed having a fever, and Continued in that Situa- 
tion for two days after, But that he was informed by 
Mr. George Flowers that Capt. McGuire Started the 
bung of a Puncheon in the Sloop's Hold, and drew off 
a Considerable quantity of rum from it, which he 
carried on Shore with him in the Boat ; The Sloop 
being distant from the Main Land about two Leagues. 
Mr. Guion also says, that, when he understood the 
Sloop could not be got off, He Desired that the Boat 
might be employed in Carrying on Shore the Gun 
Powder and other Stores, And that he received for 
Answer from the whole on Board, that they would save 
their own private property first. Accordingly Capt. 
McGuire and Mr. Trippell, Conductor of Artillery, 
took the Boat and Carried their own things on Shore. 
They and the others on Board kept the Boat employed 
as they thought proper, Until such time as Mr. Smith, 
the Pilot, applied to Him for her to go up Pearl Key 
Lagoon, in order to purchase some Fresh Stock for the 
use of the Sick, Saying that he would not be absent 
above i6 or i8 Hours. Mr. Guion Consented to 
Smith's taking the Boat for that time ; But in place of 
returning at the time he mentioned, He was absent 
and detained the Boat two days and 3 Nights. 

Mr. George Flowers, being next examined. Declares 
that on the first or Second day after the Sloop St. John 
run on Shore, He Saw Capt. McGuire (His Servant 
along with him) Start the Bung of a Puncheon in the 
Sloop's Hold, and Draw off some rum in a Tea Kettle, 
and that afterward he saw Capt. McGuire's Servant 
go to the Hold several times with the Tea Kettle, as 
he supposes to Draw more rum, but cannot say posi- 
tively if he took any More, or not. Mr. Flowers also 
says that he went and informed Mr. Guion of Capt. 
McGuire's drawing the rum. 



334 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 

Mr. Thomas Clemmence, a Private Soldier, was next 
examined, at the request of Capt. McGuire, Declares 
that he was present, and saw Capt. McGuire draw off 
from a Puncheon in the Sloop St. John's Hold as Much 
Rum as filled his rum Case ; And further says that he 
saw Capt. McGuire's Servant go frequently after that 
to the same puncheon with the Tea Kettle, and as soon 
as he pumped it full he carried it to the Steerage, 
Where a Cask was prepared to receive the Contents. 
He also adds that he knows the rum was drawn off 
with the Knowledge of Capt. McGuire, By his own 
Servant, and Also thinks by his particular Orders. 
Mr. Joseph Holland, Carpenter, was also examined, 
and Declares, with the other Evidences, That Capt. 
McGuire Drew ofif a Considerable quantity of rum 
from a puncheon in the Sloop St. John's Hold, While 
She was on Shore on one of the Pearl Keys, and 
further says that no person on Board attempted to 
take or draw any rum until such time as Capt. Mc- 
Guire Showed the example. 

Mr. John Hollandshead, Carpenter, next called before 
the Court, Declares that he saw Capt. McGuire Draw 
off from a puncheon on Board the Sloop St. John, 
when she was on shore on one of the Pearl Keys, As 
much rum as filled his rum Case, and afterward saw his 
Servant employed in drawing and carrying more rum 
from the same puncheon, to the Sloop's Steerage, 
where he filled a Cask Containing about 20 Gallons, 
Which cask he soon after saw on the Deck Bunged up. 
He further declares that Capt. McGuire took the same 
Cask in the Boat with him and carried it on Shore. 

Capt. Michael McGuire, being called on to answer to 
the Charge against him. Acknowledges that He took 
as much rum out of a puncheon as fitted 1 1 bottles in 
his rum Case, But says he did not fill any Cask. He 
also confesses, that, when he had drawn some rum him- 
self. He desired the rest of the people on board to draw 
some also for their own use. He also adds that when 
he took the Rum he did not mean it as a Theft. 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 335 

Mr. George Flowers, Carpenter ; Capt. Michael 
McGuire ; and Mr. Thomas Clemmence, a private 
soldier; — All and each of them, being examined sepa- 
rately, Agrees and declares that Mr. Conrad Trip- 
pell, Conductor of Artillery, was very negligent and 
Averse to any of the Gun Powder being taken up 
out of the Magazine or after Hold of the Sloop St. 
John, after she run on Shore on the Pearl Keys. 
Otherwise they are all and each of them of opinion 
that most of the Powder on Board would have been 
saved. 

Capt. McGuire and Thomas Clemmence further 
declares that when they were employed about taking 
up the Powder, in order to save it, that they were 
prevented by Mr. Trippell, by his insisting and swear- 
ing that no more should be brought up ; They at that 
time had handed up 8 or lo Barrels and put them 
in the steerage. 

Mr. Joseph Holland, Carpenter, Declares That 
Capt. McGuire, Mr. George Flowers, and Mr. Thomas 
Clemmence. with their servants, Saved or took up from 
the Sloop St. John's Magazine and after Hold 12 or 
13 Barrels of Powder, And that if Mr. Trippell had 
not prevented them. He is of opinion that they would 
have saved the most if not the whole That was on 
Board, The Sloop not having above 3 or 4 feet Water 
in her Hold when they began to take up the powder. 
Mr. Holland further Declares That He heard Mr. 
Trippell say that he had no busiijess w^ith the Powder, 
And that he was only a passenger on Board. The 
other Evidences Declares the same. 

Mr. Conrad Trippell, Conductor of Artillery, Being 
Called before the Court To answer to the Charge 
against him, admits That he gave no assistance in 
Saving any of the Powder, as he was of Opinion it 
was very Dangerous to have any of it Brought on 
Deck or Stowed in the Steerage ; He allows that a 
great deal of powder might have been Stowed in the 
Cabin, But that a Candle was always Burning there at 



336 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I 780. 

Night ; He being asked if it was Necessary that a 
Candle should be kept burning There, He answered 
that he did not think it was ; He also acknowledges 
that he thought he had no business or Charge of the 
Powder or Stores while on Board. 

The Court is of opinion, From the -Declarations of the 
Several Evidences examined before them, That Mr. 
George Flowers, Acting Master Carpenter, Did not 
behave with any impropriety or Misconduct while he 
was on board the Sloop St. John during his passage 
from St. John's Harbour until the time he arrived 
here in the Sloop Pitt, Capt. Joseph Everitt. 

(Signed) Wm. Macdonald, President, 

Capt. Jamaica R. Volunteers. 



Blewfealds October the 23 1780. 

On Munday October the 9 Waid anchor and made 
the Best of my Way for the Pereall Keays By order 
of Gennerall Cambell To save the Powder Gunes and 
matereals On Bord the Sloop Saint Johnes then Caste 
away on a Reaff. 

On Tusday the 10 at about one a clock Came to 
anchor at the Pereall Keays about hafe a mill from the 
said Sloop I ameadeatly hoisted out my Boat and 
went on Bord the said Sloop Whar I found the Captain 
one Sailor and A man a black Smith all of Whom 
was very Sick, a malata man & his Wiffe in Toller- 
able good health Whom informed mee the mate and 
Pillot with the Saillers and Carpenters with Capt. 
Magewier and the Deretter of the artillery Stors wor 
all Gon on Shor on the main Land and that the Pillot 
Carpenters, & Saillers had Gon with the Boat to 
Pereall Keay Leagoun the Day Befor and Did not 
Return for To Days and Three Nights I ameadeatley 
Sate all my Peapell to Geat all the Powder on Deck 
the Sloop was allmost full of watter Which was ondly 
Twenty Nin Barrels i Bagg and fower small Caggs 
with all the meaterals Belong to the artillery I Pose- 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 337 

able Could But Not Being able to way The Twenty 
fower Pounders as my sloop would Not be abble To 
Cum Ny the Rack and my Boat Could not Carrey 
them I made the Best of my way Back to Blewfealdes 
on Sunday morning ar Rived at Blewfealds and Dis- 
charged The Greatest Part of the Stores out of the 
Rack. 

I made aplycation to Gennerall Cambell for along 
Boat Blocks and foil which wass Gote and thb Boat 
Disspachd This Eavening and arived on monday Ten 
aclock, at the said Sloop Sant John On Wenday the i8 
October Waid anchor at Blewfealdand Returned to the 
Rack and on Thursday morning 10 aclock arived at 
the Rack Whar I found the Said Sloop had Shifted 
hur Starn Round from The S.W. to the N.W. and in 
much Deaper Watter and Gowing To pieces fast I 
sounded and found a channell throu the Reaff and at 
fower a clock Got my Sloop in to anchor on the Inside 
of the Reaff as the weather Lucked very Squally and 
the Sea Began to Rise I Imployed Everey Bodey 
ameadeatly to Geat The Gunes But the Rack Breack- 
ing to pieces so fast and the Sea Rising Render it 
imposable. • 

I Got up the Purtch and hoisted one of the Twenty 
fower Pounders up as high as the Comings of the main 
haches and was ablige to Lower it Doun again amea- 
deatly for fear of the mast falling and Staving the 
Long Boat and Killing the Men InDevered to Save all 
the small Stors 1 Could But the Gale in Creasing and 
at Fower aclock The Sloop Sant Johns mast feall over- 
bord and Brock the Brod Sid of the Slogs out which 
Rendered it Impossble To Geat the Guns the Winds 
Blowing hard and a high Sea on Satterday moring 
about six aclock waid anchor and Run Back to Blew- 
fealds wheor I arived about Tou in the after Noon 
with the Carriages for The Twenty fower pounder and 
Sundra outher artillery Stors 

Joseph Everett 
on Bord the Sloop Pitt 

VOL. II — 23 



338 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1780, 

A Deposion of the Casting Away the Shallop St John 
On the I St of October 1 want On bord Cap Ma- 
guir Immeadilly tould mee that as the Captain was 
Sick hee was Comanding Officer On bord and Or- 
dered the 2 Carpenters Negroes to ye Pumps before 
our things wass Got ought of ye Boat the Vessell 
Leacked Very Much and had I Believe 20 Inch or 2 
feet Water in her Hould on the 3rd wee sailed for 
Blufelds under Convoy of ye Dimand nothing Me- 
terell Hapned till the 5th the Vessell Very Leackey 
the Seamen all Sick not Abell to Stand to ye Pumps 
the Seamen that wass well Refusd the Captain to 
Pump or Do Any thing and Abusd him with 111 Lan- 
guige the Carpenters all being in the Hould wich 
wass the Place Aloted them to Sleep Myself Very 
Sick with the Feavear the Captain of the Sloop Came 
to us and Asked iff wee Would go to ye Pumps and 
undertack to keep her Clear the Answer Was to let 
all the Negros first pump that 2 Negros was kept to 
cook for the Cabin and not Pump At All that thay 
would Pump iff Cap Maguir Mr. Trebell and thos 2 
Negros would assist them towards the Afternoon 
found the Leack Incress Very fast wee Sounded the 
Pump found 3 feet Water in her Hould we found 
wee Could not keep her cler with both pumps tht^ 
Captain Orderd A Signall of Distress in Order to 
Hail the Man of War Abought 3 of the Clock Spockthe 
Man of War and tould the Captain that the Sloop 
made 12 or 14 Inches of Water An hour the Man of 
War Answer Was to Stand on till wee came Along 
Shor and come to An Ancor wich Order being 
Obayed the Capt. Ordred the Seamen to put A Nother 
Cable to ye Ancor the Seamen being Sickly and back- 
ward in doing it the Pilet tould them iff thay did not 
mack much moor hast thay must Put Abought or thay 
would bee Aground Imeaditly Shee Struck Holonds- 
head being at the Helm the Capt. ordred the Ancor 
to bee let gon and her Sails all Standing the flook of 
the Ancor Stuck in her bottom made her Leack Moor 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I780. 339 

as wee Sopose it made a hole in her bottom the Pilet 
ordred all her Sails down but half her Mainsail Shee 
got off — Again Shee got into 4 or 5 Fathom the Pilet 
tould us to Stand on A little farther that ther was 
Depper Water the Semen was Getting ye other Ancor 
Ready but befor it was Ready Shee Struck Again All 
hands Assisted to get her off the Pilet odred the 
Mainsail to Stay up that Shee would go off at High 
water at 3 of ye Clock All hands to ye Pumps but 
Capt. Maguir but found it to no Purpose at Daylight 
the Capt. Sent the Boat to ye Julia for Assistance 
Capt. Grigs Answar was that he could give noon he 
wass going to get under Way Directly that the Capt 
and all Hands was Welcom to come on bord but 
Could not tack any of the Stors on bord him the Capt 
Had Porposd to tack the hartist of ye Seamen with 
the Boat and go on bord the Julia Capt. Maguir 
Ascked all of uss what wass best to bee don, in his 
Opinion the Capt. ought not to send the Boat for fear 
of her not returning that ye Capt ought to Stay by 
the Vessell till the Last wich was the Opinion of the 
whole on bord wee then Concluded to go On Shor the 
Mate and all the Sick went first with Provisions in 
the Boat in the Evening the Boat Returnd Again. . 
being in ye Hould getting ought the Carpenters 
Tooles I Saw Capt. Maguir with his Negro boy at a 
Barrell of Rum belonging to Kent Carpenter being 
tould it was Kents Rum he Put it in ye Cask Again 
he then went to a Punchin knocked ought the bung 
and Pumpd Rum he tould mee I had better Draw som 
to, I did not, the next Day I tould the Capt of it he 
said Capt Maguir Did very Rong to brock ye Punchin 
the next day 1 saw ye Punchin with ye Bung ought I 
tould the Capt of it he tould mee as wee had not 
Dran Anny Rum Since wee had been on bord I had 
better tack som I did So did Clemence the Seamen I 
belive toock Agreat Deal on Shor and 1 found thay 
toock some Powder Capt. Maguir and Myself was 
Saving some Gunpowder wee got ought Severall Casks 



340 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I /SO. 

Could have got ought many moor but the Capt. 
thought it Daingrous as Long as thay made Fire to 
have in ye Cabin or Storage whar wee Put what we 
got ought I did not go on Shor till 3 or 4 Day After 
being Cast Away nor the Capt. wee went on Shor 
together the Pilot Aplid to ye Capt for ye Boat to go 
to ye Lagoon Said it wass but 6 Miles and that wee 
could go and come in a Day wee went but found it 3 
time the Distance insted of one Day it toock us 3 
Days with a great Deal of troubell and Fateage 

George Flowers, 

Master Carpenter 

A Gournall of the most Meterial Transactions on 
Board the Sloop St. Johns from the time of her Sail- 
ing from St. Johns Harbour till Such time as we im- 
barkd on Board Capt. Everits Sloop. 

Octbr. 3d. Sailed from St. Johns Harbour with 
moderate Breezes from the Land till on the — when 
the wind freshened, and we found our wessell begun 
to make more water than she did some days before, 
on which Capt. goine Spoke to the Carpenters to 
know if they would go to the Pomps and undertake 
it themselves to keep her Cleare, the Question being 
put to the Carpenters only, they thought it Some 
what hard that they Should be Compelld to go to 
Pumps when two Negroes were Constenly imploy'd 
Cooking and never Calld on to take their Spell, 
the Stoutest Negroes belongs to Capt. McGuire. the 
other had been on Board the Sloop Some time be- 
fore, but Know not whoes Property he is, this the 
Carpenter took into Consideration, and returned for 
answer that they would not undertak to keep her free 
unless all Hands on Board that was able would turne 
out and give theyr Assistence this however was 
not Complyd with in consequence of wich they re- 
fused going to the Pumps till such time as they them- 
selves Soundid and found a Rail Necessity to go to 
the Pumps wich they then did, (this was after the 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 178a 34I 

Sloop Struck,) in the afternoon we made Signals of 
Distress on wich the man-of war Came a Longside 
and Demanded the Reason for our making Signalls 
when the Capt. goine was informed by Capt. Mc- 
Guire that we had Sprung a Leake and Could not 
keep her free, but I believe the Manofwar Could not 
heare us ; from his macking Signall for us to Stand 
after him wich we did. and when we Came along- 
side we made him acquainted with our distress, he 
Desired we Should Stand till we Came in Smooth 
water and Come to an ancor, We Stood on for Some 
time longer and then the Pilot Came upon Deck and 
desired the anchor might be got ready to be let go, 
Capt. goine then ordered an nother Cable to be bent 
wich tookt up much time, most all the Seamen being 
Sick and not able for duty Except two. the Pilot 
Seeing the two Seamen to be a Long time about 
bending the Cable desired they would be Brisk or 
they would be oblegd to put about acquainting them 
that the water begun to Shoal fast and the Sloop 
whent at the rate of four or five Knotts an hour 
which would Certainly run us on Shoal the Lead was 
hove and found but little more water than the Sloop 
drew, however we Stood on a Little longer expeckt- 
ing we might have water till Such time As the Cable 
was bent, — She then Struck and went of again. Capt 
goine then let go the Ancor with all Standing or with 
out ever heaving her in the Wind (wich is very un 
common) she Struck on the flooke of the ancor as we 
immagind and belged from thee Quantity of Water 
She made, being under Such Way she parted her Cable 
by wich meanes we lost the ancor her mainsail then 
was half Settled but her Gibb Stainding the Pilot was 
then at the Helm, but was not able to Keep it in his 
Hands owing to her thumping and weekniss together, 
one of the Carpenters (Hollingshead) offered the 
Pilot his assistence the Pilot gave him the Helm and 
desired him when the Sea rose to try if he Could 
ware her as it was unposible to bring her Head to the 



342 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I780. 

wind we found the Bottom to be an Easy sendy Bot- 
tom that gave us some hopes that she would not 
founder and that she might be got of when the Tide 
rose, wich the Pilot informed us would rise i8for 
20 Inches about 12 oClock we continued Pumping 
all night, and till about 10 O'Clock next morning, by 
Daylight Capt. goine sent his Boat on Board the Julia 
to Know if Shee Could give us any assistence but 
Capt. Grigs answar was that all but 2 or 3 of his 
Hands where Sick and that he Should be under way in 
a Quarter of an hour, at the Boats returne we found 
we Could git no assistence and the Water gaining 10 
or 12 Inchis on us an hour, and the People fitegued 
we desisted Pumping, and in a few hours she fild. 
even to the Waters adg, the Boats was Loadid with 
such things as where most Handy to Come at, and sent 
on shoar which was about two Legues distant, in the 
meantime Capt. goine intendid taking the Boats and 
[O on Board the Julia which the Seamen thought a 
lonveaiant appertunity of geting Cleare of the Sloop, 
and that they who went on Board the Julia would not 
Return with the Boat, this was overheard by some one 
on Board and Communicatid to the rest, it was then 
determined that the Capt. goine Should stay on Board 
for feare we Should be left without a Boat this day 
the Boat made two trips a Shore, on Second morning 
we sent more of such matter as Could be Come at on 
Shore, the Morning — Capt. McGuire went with his 
Servant into the Hold and startid the Bung from a 
Cask of Rum Private Property belonging to Alexr. 
Cante Carpenter, and Drew one or two flask Bottles 
out till he was made acquaintid who it belongd too 
he then went To a Punchon of Rum (Kings Prop- 
CTiy) and filed his Case from that, and put some into 
a Cask but how much 1 know not and sent on Shore. 
— I am very much induced to beleive that Capt goine 
Know nothing of his taking the Rum. for had he the 
Capt goine Leive he would not have gone in so Pri- 
vate a manner about it, his Case and Cask was Car- 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1780. 343 

ried forward and the Rum was Carried up the fore 
Scuttle in an Iron Tea Kittle as though it was Water. 
George Flowers likewise got some of the same 
Rum, but I understand that he had the Capt goine 
Leive to take it as their Rations, they drew none all 
the time they were on Board, after all such matters as 
the Boat was able to carry were got on Shore the 
Pilot and the Carpenters and two of Seamen askid the 
Capt goins Lieve for the Boat to go up to the Ligan 
in order to Get fresh Stock and to Return nex day, 
the Pilot informd them that it was only Seven Mile3 
but it proved three times Seven that Distance which 
detained them much longer then they inmagind for. 
during their abcence Capt. Everit Came to our assist- 
ence and took some Boat loads from the rack on Board 
his own Sloop ; and when our Boat returnd from the 
Liguan we had our Cheast & Beding & Carried on 
Board, during the time of our stay on Shore a 
Negroes Man named Bob Abcented himself and did 
not mak his appierence till I saw him at this Place. 
Two of the Seamen Likweis refused Going on Board 
with Capt. Everit but are Sence Come to Blewfields, 
I Know of nothing meterial that happend till we 
arrived hiere. 

Conrad Trippell, 

Conductor of Artillery. 



An exact acct. of ye Transactions on board the Sloop 

St. Johns bound for B fields &c. 

Sailed from St. Johns Harbour Obr. 2 1780 for 
B fields with only three white Sailors fit for duty and 
2 black ditto, as the Capt. told me. Soon as the Sloop 
got under way She began making more water than 
usuall, the Capt fell Sick and likewise the mate Pilot 
Seemed in Good health the first & 2nd day but Com- 
plained the third morning of being very Sick the 
Sailors at this time being tired from pumping Began 



344 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 

to grow Careless in their duty &c the Capt. Spoke to 
them Several time in part of their duty Which the 
Rejected, & Grumbled affronted him several time the 
Sick and the Well together, on the Capt. finding ye 
Sailors gained their own way he applyed to me to 
begg ye Carpenter to Come to ye pump. I ansrd him 
and told him as he Says that George Flowers & ye 
Carpenters would not be ordered or Commanded by 
me in the begining, by Saying they did not look on 
me to have any Commd over them or the Ship that 
they would do nothing for what I Said &c. &c. &c. 

He was best go and speak to them himself to 
which he agreed went & Requestd but all in Vain ye 
[Carpenters] or George Flowers for them Said that 
they did not Come there to be Sailors and that they 
would not pump till Capt MacGuire & Mr. Tripple 
pumped &c. that they had no more Right &c., the 
Capt. Returnd to me told me this answer where 
upon I called Mr. Tripple with me to the pump who 
joined me directly all the Time this Ship made water 
about 12 or 13 Inches pr. Hour, however I Sum- 
moned all the Negroes with the three Whites and one 
Clements together by which means we Sucked her. I 
orderd the black boys a Drachm apiece Coaxed them 
to Continue on, The Ship Diamond Whove in Sight 
for which we made a Signal of Distress. She bore 
down upon us till within Gun Shot when they altered 
their course to speak with ye Brig Julia after which 
he backed his top Sails and in along time after wards 
he Came Within hailing of us which the Capt. began 
to answer and make his Distress known to him, & to 
Desire he would Send four men and an Officer on 
board to Cary ye Sloop Safe to port. I told the 
Capt. of the Diamond of our Distress &c. where upon 
he demanded me to put about and follow him I 
begd the Sailors to put about, to this Condition the 
three men Could not do it, or would not & Nobody 
els would lend them a hand Clements excepted how- 
ever we Got Round and followed him. But about 



POCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1780. 346 

4 oClock Came up to him & Repeated our Distress 
and wants over again to him where upon he ordered 
me to keep my Wind & Run clos on Shore & then 
Anchor to which we agreed the Poilet being all 
this time hung on the deck and lissning to the Capt. 
of the Diamond & me. We Cept on to about Sun 
Set when She ran as the Sailors Said on a Soft bottom 
Ground and in less than an hour She passed that and 
Got fast on a harder bottom — the Brig Julia Seeing 
this who was a mile or more to Windward of us Came 
to Directly to whom We sent our boat to get Some 
Relief. The answer he Sent was that he'd receive the 
people but no part of their property, &c, where upon 
all hands Desired to go on, to which the Capt. Con- 
sented but as Soon as We Got a Ground we hoisted 
a light and fired Muskets all Night to no purpose the 
Capt. wanted to go on board the Brig but all hands 
Denied him the boat fearing the Consequences of 
Wanting one. the Capt. Said if a Strong Sea breese 
Set in that the Vessel Would Go to pieces, this made the 
people all uneasy for the Shore every man looking on 
the Sloop Wreck at onced in Consequence of that they 
Caried on Shore Pork & flour Rum Sails Yards &c 

The Capt. took a Case of the Rum as likewise I 
took a Case to Go on Shore, not With Minding 
my having a Cag of Rum of My own, as looking 
on the Sloop from what ye Capt. & poilet Said that 
every thing as to Rum & Provision would fall to the 
Musqito Men as a Wreck. After we landed, George 
Flour, Holenshead, hoUand and Kent all Carpenters. 
With the Smith the Poilet, Bradshaw ye Sailor. & a 
black boy with a large hump on his Cheek, took ye 
Boat loaded her with Severl Cags and Cases a large 
Cask, and all Rum Muskets and a cag of Powder, and 
I heard a bag of powder allso with this article We sat 
out for Peril Quay lagoon where Stayed three night & 
two days, and never lived better in their lives as they 
Saved on thier Return, at which time of thier Return 
they brought 2 large Conoes with Musketo men who 



346 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 

Brought limes & Plantin some of which 1 bought for 
Cash on the Same evening or night. Bradshaw the 
fore mentioned Sailor, went off with a large Cag of 
Rum. Several ps. of pork and a bag of flour in Com- 
pany with the black boy before mentioned. 

As to the Gun powder. I spoke and ordered Mr. 
Tripple several times to see and Get up on deck as 
much as possible and every time I spoke he affrontd 
me and told me that he was but a Passenger in the 
Sloop and that the Powder may Go to hell adding that 
I had more Right to look after it than he, & saying 
that he had done duty enough Where upon I called 
Clements, George Flours With his Boy and I went 
in the Hoult with my own Boy and then out Got a bout 
twenty bags large and Small in Good order and would 
More did not Mr. Tripple on Deck make Such a 
Noise and Swore that no more Should come on Deck 
from there may Several Casks more to be got out 
Were it not for this Mr. Tripple Who Would not lend 
a hand to a Single Cask of it. likewise George Flours 
and his boy behaved themselves very Well they Joined 
me and my Boy in Geting off the Scuttle in Cabin out 
of Which Hatch 1 Got Several Casks & Cartridge 
Paper not Damaged during which time and Action 
Mr. Tripple Remained on Deck. 

M. MacGuire, 

Capt. R. B. V. 



l^pon the third Octr. Current Sailed from St. 
Johns Harbour upon the Spanish Main, The Sloop 
St. Juan whereof I was Master, Bound for Blewfields, 
in Company with the Diamond Frigate Commanded 
by Lieut. Jordan (being our Convoy) the Ship Betsy 
of London Thomas Dobbins Master, and the Brigan- 
tine Julia. William Grigg Master, During all that Day 
being Wednesday, and all Day thursday, till in Com- 
pany with the fleet, until at Night, when we lost 
Company with them, all but the Julia Brig on friday 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I780. 347 

the Sixth, at two oClock past Meridian the Diamond 
came in Sight, Upon discovering her, I hoisted A 
signal of Distress, our Vessel then makeing Afast 
Water per hour, (The Carpenters on Board Refuseing 
to pump) at four oClock, the Diamond Spoak us, 
upon which I Requested of the Commander to send 
me four hands, with an officer on Board, to Assist, in 
bringing the Vessel Unto Blewfields, I and Eight of 
my people being then in bad health, he refused Send- 
ing me any, but ordered me to back in Shore and 
follow him, which I comply'd with, at five OClock, the 
Diamond Tack'd, and ordered me to Continue my 
Coarse in Shore, and come to Anchor, I then not 
able to come upon Deck, being so exceeding ill, but 
haveing Thomas Smith upon Deck, who was our Pylot, 
he run her Unto foul ground, let go the Anchor 
which parted the Cable, and then She Drove upon a 
Spitt of Rocks that lay right A Stern, then we hoisted 
alight fired Muskets, as a Signal of Distress, but to 
no purpose The Carpenters that formerly Refused 
to come to the pump, then very readily came, but 
then too late. The Boat was hoisted out, and some 
hands went in her, on Board of the Julia Brig for 
Asistance, but the people on Board the Brig were so 
sickly, that no assistance could be Afforded from her, 
Upon the return of the Boat, Smith the Pylot, and 
the people that were Sick on Board, put their things 
into the Boat and went on Shoar, and there detained 
her for the Whole Day, The Day following Capt. 
McQuair And Mr. Triple Conductor of artillery went 
on Shore with the Boat (I then being Delirious) I was 
informed by Flowers the Carpenter and others that 
prior to Capt. McQuairs going on Shore that he 
started the Bung out of a Puncheon Rum, and had 
taken a considerable quantity out of it, and Carried it 
on Shore with him ; Smith the Pylot with some of 
the people went up pearl Key Lagoon, in the Boat, in 
order to purchase some Fresh Stock, for the Sick, that 
were on Board the Vessel I consented to his going as 



348 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1780. 

he told me, he would not be away above Sixteen or 
Eighteen hours, but in place of returning in that time, 
he Keept the Boat away two Days and three Nights. 
Clements the Carpenter behaved very well upon the 
passage. What is wrote on the above and preceeding 
page I Declare to be the Truth as Witness my hand 
this 25th Day of October 1780. 

Peter Guion. 
Witness : \Vm. Macdonald, Capt. Jamaica R. Vols. 

Peter Galbreath, Deputy Agent of Trans- 
ports. 

Bluefields, 19th. Nov., 1780. 

Sir : 

It was my intention to have wrote you by the 
Pelican, but ill health then prevented me, and I have 
had repeated attacks of the Fever since, but I hope I 
am now on the recovery. Mr. Muller returned to us 
Yesterday after an Absence of 8 or 9 days ; has been 
prevented from pursuing his Plan of proceeding to 
the Enemy's Settlements, by the Spaniards taking the 
Alarm ; but of all these matters he will be able to 
inform you more particularly than I can. I refer to 
him for an Account of my situation at this place, and 
the resources of Refreshments it affords. 

You will see by the Returns the debilitated state of 
the few remaining Troops under my Command, and I 
may \'enture to say there is not three Ofificers or ten 
Men here that will be able to Act with any body of 
Troops that maybe sent down on future Service. As 
to the River St.' John s, I have given my opinion on 
the Subject of proceeding by that route, and I must 
leave it to my Superiors to form what Plans they think 
proper. Either to Support the Garrison at the Castle 
or abandon it, is in my opinion absolutely necessary, 
for it cannot be supposed that the Spaniards will re- 
main quiet after the good Weather takes place, and 

could wish some decisive plan was adopted relative 

to it 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 349 

I hope that you enjoy your health, and I sincerely 
pray that all health and success may attend Gen. Dal- 
ling, yourself, or any other Officer who may Command 
Troops in this quarter. 

I am, &c., &c., &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 
To Brig.- Gen. Garth. 



Bluefields, 20th. Nov., 1780. 

Sir: 

I proposed sending my Letters of 31st. Oct. and 
15th. Nov. by the Brig Polly, Capt. Etcheson, who 
sailed Yesterday ; but Mr. Muller s return from his 
Expedition up the River, and the Kingston from St. 
John's Harbour, has induced me to send all Letters 
by her as the properest conveyance. 

Your Excellency will learn not only from Mr. 
Muller, but it seems to be Col. Irvings opinion, that 
it is impossible to act up Bluefields River, except with 
a Body of light Troops and Indians, as a diversion to 
favour operations of consequence in another quarter ; 
but as these Gentlemen are better able to satisfy you 
on this subject than I am, I shall decline saying more 
on it. Capt. Davis is returned from St. John's Har- 
bour, in the Kingston, without being able to execute 
any part of the Business I had entrusted him with, as 
the Ship Hope was not there. There seems to be a 
fatality attending that Vessel ; but as she was well 
supplied with Water and everything necessary for the 
Subsistence of the People on board, I do not despair 
of her safety. 

By the enclosed Copy of a Letter from Capt. Dixon 
Your Excellency will see that all was well at the Cas- 
tle on 24th. Oct., but their Supplies of Provisions and 
other Stores were much damaged on the way up, 
owing to the badness of the Weather in part, and 
irregularities of Mr. Orton's Detachment, the particu- 
lars of which are mentioned in Capt. Dixon's letter. 



35o DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 

When Capt. Davis left the harbour of St. John's, 
the Waters in the River were then above six feet 
higher than when I left it, and so rapid that no boat 
could proceed. Lieut. McKenzie and Mr. Keeffe, 
Surgeon's Mate in the Hospital, were left there with 
two Boats to make the best of their way up as soon 
as the Current would permit them. 

Though Capt. Dixon's Garrison is now stronger 
than it has been for some time past, yet I cannot help 
having my apprehensions for that Post in case of an 
Attack from the Enemy, which I can hardly suppose 
the Spaniards will delay upon the first prospect of fair 
Weather being set in. By the enclosed Return your 
Excellency will see that it is not in my power to send 
them any relief, the few Men fit for duty here being 
no better than Convalescents, and scarcely sufficient to 
guard the Stores, Boats, etc.; a guard over the latter 
being absolutely necessary, one having been stole a 
few Nights ago by a number of Negroes, and carried 
off. Enclosed you have a Letter from the Indians' 
Governor and Gen. Smee, in which you will see they 
desire Mr. Cairns to Command them on their intended 
Expedition against the Spaniards ; but as I do not 
think myself authorized to comply with their request 
without your Excellency's approbation, I have ac- 
quainted them that I would write to you upon it, and 
request your orders on the subject. I also enclose a 
Copy of a Letter from Mr. Despard, wherein he ac- 
quaints me but imperfectly of the Spaniards having 
taken Post upon an Island in the River. I have 
wrote to him and Capt. Dixon to be more particular 
in their Accounts of these matters. An attack upon 
this place from the Spaniards is perhaps not much 
to be apprehended, but it is necessary for me to ob- 
serve to your Excellency that little opposition could 
be made by the Troops at present here. The Soldiers* 
Huts are not yet in great forwardness, and when we 
shall be able to commence working on the Redoubts 
I don't know. Entrenching Tools are wanted, Capt. 



i 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I 780. 36 1 

Park having most of those he brought down with him 
in the Hope. 

I have the honour to be, &c., &c., &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 
To His Excellency Gen. Dalling. 



Bluefields, 20th. Nov., 1780. 
Sir : 

111 health prevented my answering your Letter of 
31st. Aug. before. Long prior to the receipt of it, 
Don Pedro Brezzio had sailed for Jamaica in the Mon- 
arch. I did touch upon the subject his Excellency 
recommends with that Gentleman ; but whether it was 
want of knowledge of the French Language, or whether 
he designedly avoided the topic, I don't know, but I 
could draw no favourable conclusion from our Con- 
versation, and the afifair dropped there. He is now 
within reach and may be sounded to more purpose. 

Two days ago I received your Letter relative to 
giving Mr. Craskill leave to go to Jamaica, which shall 
be properly attended to. 

I am, Sir, &c., &c., &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 
To Edward Barry, Esq. 



(Private.) Bluefields, 24th. Nov., 1780. 

Sir : 

I am to acknowledge the receipt of your Letters 
of 25th. October and 2d. instant. I find a scarcity 
of Stock has already taken place with us, and though 
I declined troubling you in a former Letter on that 
head, I am now to request your Assistance, and when 
a good opportunity offers to send me a small supply 
of poultry. I am informed the Goats are dead, and I 
fear some foul play, as these are animals that live at 
little expense and thrive in this Country. 

As to your enquiry when Gen. Dalling may be 



352 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 

expected, I am as much at a loss to know as you 
can be. I am, Sir, &c., &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 
To Mr. Colvil Cairns^ at Tebuppy. 



Bluefields, 26th. Nov., 1780. 

Sir: 

I Yesterday received a Letter from his Excellency 
Gen. Dalling of 8th. inst., in which he Commands me 
to send an Express immediately to you directing you 
to dismantle and blow up the Castle at St. John's, pre- 
viously embarking such of the Artillery, Ammunition, 
and Stores as you can bring away ; to retire with your 
Garrison and join me at Bluefields, bringing with you 
the Detachment and Provisions you will find with 
Capt. Pellet at the Coloradoes. 

You will therefore take the most speedy and Effect- 
ual steps to put his Excellency's orders in Execution ; 
and after having Embarked such Artillery, Ammuni- 
tion, and Stores as you may think worth bringing 
away, you will blow up the Castle and retire to the 
Harbour of St. John's, where Vessels will be in readiness 
to receive your Stores and Troops, with those from 
the Coloradoes, and convey them to this place. 

You will be particularly attentive to your Mines, 
that a complete destruction of the Castle may take 
place, and I rely on Mr. Despard's knowledge that a 
total and Effectual demolition of the Castle of St. 
John's may be put in Execution from Mines judicially 
constructed under his direction. This is a matter that 
requires your most serious consideration, and every 
possible attention should be paid to it. As it is most 
probable, from the great rise of Water in the River, 
that the Germain will not find a difficulty in passing 
the Falls, She may be of considerable use to you, 
and I have not a doubt will be disposed of to the 
most advantage. Should you find it practicable with 
your other affairs, and can do it with propriety, I 
would have you send a party immediately on the 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I780. 353 

receipt of this to the Spanish Post to endeavour to 
take a Prisoner, and ascertain the Ground from the 
River round the Post to the Lake, whether it is hard 
or Swampy, and whether any risings or Hills where 
Troops may Establish themselves and make Ap- 
proaches to it If this Scheme is put in train at all, 
it must be conducted by a Person of knowledge and 
whose veracity may be implicitly relied upon. All other 
Information in your power to procure will be acceptable. 

I write to Capt. Pellet to send you Craft if neces- 
sary, but I hope you will not be detained for want of 
them. At any rate, he had better push a few up at a 
risk ; they may be of use. He is not made acquainted 
with your Orders for quitting the Castle, but to obey 
such directions as he shall receive from you. It will 
be proper to declare your intentions of quitting the 
Castle as soon as things are in forwardness, as it will 
stimulate the Soldiers and others to go through their 
work with cheerfulness when they know they are to 
come down and quit St. John's River altogether. 

The most particular attention should be paid to 
your Craft, that they may be kept in the best order 
possible, as it will be necessary to bring them to this 
place ; and the distance necessary for them to keep 
from the land at times, in their passage from the Har- 
bour to this, require their being in good order. All that 
need repair should be sent to St. John's Harbour first, 
with such Carpenters as you can spare to refit them. 
Capt. Flynn knows where those are that were left in a 
Lagoon near the Harbour, and should be directed to 
take a particular Account of the whole, how disposed 
of, and whether good, bad, or indifferent. 

Your Letter of 24th. October has been received, but 
as these new Arrangements are to be put in immediate 
Execution, it requires no particular Answer. 

I am. Sir, &c., &c, &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 

To Capt. Dixon or Officer Commanding 
at St. Johns Castle. 
VOL. u — 23 



354 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 

Bluefields, 26th. Nov., 1780. 

Sir: 

I am to acknowledge the receipt of your Letter 
of loth. instant, as well as your Returns from Capt. 
Macdonald, and am sorry to find the Provisions are in 
such bad order. The Stores of all sorts sent by Mr. 
Orton, of the Light Horse, were received in very bad 
condition at the Castle. Immediately on receipt of 
this, you are to forward all light Craft and Pitpans to 
the Castle, to enable the Officer Commanding to bring 
off the Stores, as I think it most probable, considering 
the Situation of Affairs, he will be obliged to abandon 
it, discretionary Orders being sent him for that pur- 
pose. You are instantly on receipt of this to forward 
the bearer, Capt. Todd, with my dispatches to the 
Officer Commanding at the Castle, sending Capt. 
Flynn or Mr. Cameron with him to stop all empty 
Boats they may meet with on the way down, and carry 
them back to the Falls, where they are to remain till 
further Orders from Capt. Dixon or Officer Com- 
manding. A small quantity of Provisions should be 
forwarded to enable the empty Boats to return. 

The purport of this Letter is not to be taken Notice 
of publicly, and is meant only for your own informa- 
tion. P. S. — Lieut. McKenzie and Dr. Keeffe may 
remain at your Post, nor is there occasion to forward 
the Powder and Cannon Shot sent. If any of these 
Articles are at the Harbour, they may remain there. 

I am. Sir, &c., &c., &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 

To Capt. Pellet or Officer Commanding at the Coloradoes. 



Bluefields, 26th. Nov., 1780. 

Instructions to Capt. Todd. 

The Dispatches intrusted to your care being of the 
greatest consequence, you will proceed with all possible 
Expedition to St John's Castle. On your arrival at 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 355 

Cooke s Post, you will deliver my Letter to Capt. Pellet 
or Officer Commanding, who has orders to forward you 
and directions to give you every assistance in his power 
that you may not be detained. On your arrival at the 
Castle, you will deliver your Letters, acquaint Capt. 
Dixon you have my orders to return as soon as pos- 
sible, and take charge of any Letters he may have to 
send. 

Stephen Kemble. 

Bluefields, 28th. Nov., 1780. 

Gentlemen: 

Your Letter of 24th. Oct. was received Yester- 
day. The Advanced Season of the Year makes it 
necessary that some positive Estimation of the number 
and size of the Mosquito Craft should be ascertained, 
that his Excellency may be acquainted with the same. 
I am therefore to request that it may be sent me without 
delay; or, if an opportunity should offer immediately for 
Jamaica, that you will send it yourselves, pointing out 
such methods as you shall judge best to get them con- 
veyed to this place. 

As we have not proper Articles here to pay the In- 
dians for their Pitpans should they bring them down, 
I must repeat my former information that Col. Irving 
will take charge of that business, and that I hope, 
agreeable to my former Letters, a sufficient number of 
Paddles is preparing, and that they shall be complete 
in every respect and fit for Service when wanted. 

The business of the Congress being at an end, you 
will consider the Authority derived from me to be at 
an end likewise with the Indians for Negotiating the 
Treaty. The Expenses incurred I hope will be reason- 
able, and in that case immediately paid. Cash is not 
to be got here for Bills, and the little the Deputy 
Agent has he is obliged to retain to purchase Cattle, 
Turtle, &c., for the Troops ; therefore none is sent. It 
is not in my power to appoint you (Mr. Cairns) to the 
Command of the Indians. His Excellency shall be 



356 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I 780. 

acquainted with their inclinations, and will, I am con- 
fident, do in this affair what he may judge best for his 
Majesty's Service. 

I am much indisposed and unable to reply to the 
Letters from Mrs. Young, and the Governor, and 
Gen. Smee. To the latter you will give my Compli- 
ments, and inform Mrs. Young that, on proper Cer- 
tificates being produced to justify the Expenditure, 
the hire of her Craft shall be paid to any Person pro- 
perly Authorized. 

I am. Gentlemen, &c., &c., &c.. 

Stephen Kemble. 
To Messrs. Cairns and Thomson. 



Bluefields, 28th. Nov., 1780. 
Sir : 

I wrote you some time ago, to desire you would 
immediately repair to this place to answer some ques- 
tions relative to the Records of the Mosquito Shore, 
upon a Complaint of Major Laurie's ; but you have 
neither thought it proper to obey the Summons, nor 
to make an Apology for your non-attendance. I am 
now. Sir, to order that you put an immediate stop to 
buying, hiring, or causing Pitpans to be built for the 
Public Service ; but should you, in consequence of the 
orders received from the late Sir Alexander Leith, 
have any in your possession that cannot be returned, 
they are to be sent to Pearl Key Lagoon, and deliv- 
ered up to Col. Irving, or his order, who will settle 
with the proprietors for the same ; and as soon as that 
is done, which must be with all possible dispatch, you 
will make your Report to me in Person, bringing such 
Papers with you as you shall think necessary to Ex- 
plain and Exculpate yourself from the other Charges 
Major Laurie has laid against you. 
I am, Sir, &c., &c., i&c., 

Stephen Kemble, 
To Mr. L Estrange. 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, l78o, 367 

Bluefields, 29th. Nov., 1780. 
Gentlemen: 

I desired you in a former Letter to send me an 
Account of Craft that might be procured on the Shore, 
should the Service require them, with the name or 
names of Persons to be employed to collect them; this 
account I wish much to have, but you are not to buy 
or hire any till you receive further Orders. You are 
likewise to put an immediate stop to buying, hiring, or 
employing People to build Pitpans for the public use; 
but should there be any in your possession, in conse- 
quence of former Orders, Government will take them 
off your hands, as it would be a hardship to leave so 
great a burden on you when acting from Authorit} , and 
all under this description are to be sent to Pearl Key 
Lagoon and delivered to Col. Irving or his Order, who 
will settle with the Proprietors for the same; he leaves 
in a day or two for different parts of the Shore to reg- 
ulate these matters, as well as others committed to his 
Charge and Inspection by his Excellency Gen. Dalling. 

The business you were Charged with the Execution 
of, (viz., reconciling the Indians to Government) being 
now completed, all negotiations of every sort on the 
part of the Public are to be closed and an immediate 
report made to me of your proceedings since the 
Treaty at Tebuppy, transmitting at the same time an 
account of your Expenditures, if any, that the whole 
may be settled ; and I think it would be proper that 
one of you should be the bearer of them, that there 
may be no delay or confusion of accounts. 

It is necessary Capt. Caddie should first go to 
Black River and clear up matters with Major Laurie* 
That done, he will be at liberty to dispose of himself, 
and if Gen. Dalling approves of your Commanding 
the Indians, on which subject I have wrote him, Mr. 
Caddie may be employed under you ; but that's a matter 
that v/ill entirely rest with yourself, unless future orders 
direct to the Contrary. The Indians are a craving 
People, nor is there any bounds to their demands ; if 



358 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 

they find you disposed to give, they will live on you to 
the end of time, and a stop must be put to Entertaining 
them. I cannot Answer to Government for these re- 
peated demands of Provisions and supplies sent, and 
though I wrote you very lately on the subject, I think 
it necessary to observe it a second time. 

I am, Gentleman, &c., &c., &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 
To Messrs. Cairns and Thomson, at Tebuppy. 



Bluefields, 5th. Dec, 1780. 

Sir : 

I have the honour to receive your Letter of this 
date by Mr. Jones, your First Lieutenant I should 
be happy could I promise myself the pleasure of ac- 
companying you to Jamaica as soon as you seem to 
expect ; but my orders from Gen. Dalling are to with- 
draw the Garrison from the Castle of St John's, 
assemble them at this place and dispose of some of 
them as he has directed, then to Embark the remainder 
with the Stores and join him at Jamaica. An express in 
consequence has been sent to the Castle these eight days 
past, and Vessels are prepared to be sent to St John's 
Harbour to bring them hither, which I suppose will 
not be effected in less than three Weeks or a Month. 

Should you think it consistent with your orders to 
remain and cover the Embarkation of the Troops at 
St John's Harbour, it will be effectually securing that 

Service. 

I have the honour to be, &c., &c., &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 
To Benjamin Archer, Esq.,^ 
Commanding his Majesty's Ship Resource. 



(Private,) Bluefields, 5th. Dec, 1780. 

Dear Sir : . 

I had the pleasure to receive your Letters of 6th. 
and Qth. Nov., by Capt Askey. The enclosed Copy 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I780. 369 

of a Letter from the late Sir Alexander Leith, to me, 
will probably account for the Expression you say is in 
one of my Letters relative to yourself, and it is the 
only thing that could draw a word from me that might 
in any wise give either of us concern. Though care- 
ful of Letters, I have not kept a Copy of mine on the 
subject ; and whatever I may have said was a general 
reply to a harsh Paragraph, without choosing to be 
particular in my Answer, and your Ideas are perfectly 
just upon the occasion as the Copy will show. 

It must be Evident from my Public Correspondence 
that I ever considered you an Active Officer, and 
friendly Adviser upon all occasions ; and I think my 
Conduct need no Assurance to Convince you of it. 
Let me thank you for the friendly terms in which your 
Letter is expressed. I shall Attend to its Contents. 

In my last Letters I talked of giving up the Com- 
mand, and requesting his Excellency's permission to 
Change the air for my health, nor have I had reason 
since to alter my intentions. We are subject to severe 
Agues, but it is not so fatal as St. John's Harbour, 
and I apprehend will be tolerably healthy in good 
Weather ; but for a long time past we have had hard 
winds with frequent Squalls, and heavy Showers almost 
every day. 

I am, Sir, &c., &c., &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 
To Major Dairy tuple. 

Bluefields, 7th. Dec, 1780. 
Sir : 

I am to acknowledge the receipt of your Letters 
of 15th. Sept.. 5th. inst. The loss of so worthy an 
Officer as Major Jenkins is much to be lamented by 
all who had the pleasure of knowing him, and the 
number of Privates that died adds to our distress. I 
sincerely hope Mr. Harrison has recovered his health, 
and that Dr. Devonish is well, to whom I request you 
will make my Compliments. 



360 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 

All the heavy Ordnance we had are lost, two 24 
pounders in the Harbour of St. John*s, and four more 
on their way to this place, by the Vessels running on 
one of the Pearl Keys. The Troops under my Com- 
mand are all disposed of by order of Gen. Dalling 
between this place and Black River. 
I am. Sir, &c., &c., &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 
To Richard Hoar, Esq., Rattan. 



Bluefields, 7th. Dec, 1780. 

Sir : 

I had the honour to receive your Letters of 20th. 
and 2 1st. Nov., by Capt. Thomson, the 5th. inst., with 
their enclosures. He and Capt. O'Brien are now pre- 
paring the small Vessel Mr. Hoy brought to return 
to Black River with. Mr. Hoy thought proper to leave 
her here, saying his hands had left him, and he had 
none to navigate her back. The truth of the matter 
is, Mr. Hoy starved his People ; and although I offered 
to put Provision on Board, on your Account, he would 
not take it without receiving an extra allowance for 
the Subsistence of himself and Crew, which I objected 
to. telling him he might live on what he received on 
the Public Account, and settle with you for it. I 
understand this Vessel has been in Government Ser- 
vice for some time, hired by you ; if so, inquiry should 
be made unto the cause of her being detained so long 
from Black River, and the Person or Persons who 
have employed her should be made to pay at least 
part of her hire. 

Mr. Campbell from Rattan has a quantity of Provis- 
ion on board for your use. Some Arms and a small 
quantity of Ammunition (of which I enclose you an 
Account) will be sent by Capt. Thomson, who has my 
order to return to you and remain at Black River. 

All our powder was lost on the passage from 
St. John's Harbour by the Vessel in which it was Em- 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 361 

barked being wrecked on one of the Pearl Keys, and 
of that Article little can be Spared. 

I hope, however, to send you a further supply in 
the course of three Weeks, with more Provisions and 
Stores, and a Detachment of Troops, having received 
his Excellency Gen. Dalling*s orders for that pur- 
pose ; but as these Troops are to come from St. 
John's Castle, which is to be abandoned, it will take 
some time before they can be Embarked for Black 
River, though I hope they will be on the way by the 
time mentioned, and you may depend upon it, no time 
shall be lost. Gen. Dalling directs me to send lOO 
Men ; but that is conditional, and I don't know that I 
can spare that number, but they will not fall much 
short of it, unless some unforeseen accident shall take 
place ; the like number to remain here. 

As soon as these Arrangements are made, I shall 
sail for Jamaica, and think myself happily rid of this 
inhospitable Climate. As to Carpenters, Capt. Thom- 
son will inform you I have only one doing duty, and 
but one Blacksmith left. 

- Osnabrigs we have none, and Blankets, I am afraid, 
not sufficient to supply the Troops. 

I was in hopes to have had Capt. Lamb here early 
enough to have explored Bluefields River; but as 
that has been done by Col. Irving, his presence here 
is not necessary now, and I think you will do right to 
keep him with you for the present. 

The order for sending Troops to Black River pre- 
cludes my interfering in the raising of new Companies 
or granting Commissions of any sort, and his Excel- 
lency must be wrote to for his Approbation of these 
matters. Mr. Young's case is hard, and I think if rep- 
resented by you and Certified by Capt. Poison, then 
Commanding Officer, Gen. Dalling will think it just 
some allowance should be made him, or he may order 
his Company to be put upon the same Establishment 
with others raised in the Settlement. 

Mr. Campbell mentions your having two 9-pounders 



362 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, T 780. 

at Black River that are of little or no use to you, and 
would be very serviceable at Rattan. I have given 
him 150 round Shot for them, and request they may 
be delivered to him if you have no material objection 
to the contrary. 

I have the honour to be, &c., &c., &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 

To Major Laurie, Superintendent of the 

Mosquito Shore. 



Bluefields, 8th. Dec, i 780. 

Sir : 

I had the honour to receive your Excellency's 
Letters of 8th. and 9th. Nov. on the 25th., by Capt. 
Askey, and on the 27th. I dispatched Capt. Todd, Ex- 
press to St. John's Castle, with orders to the Com- 
manding Officer to blow up the Castle and retire to 
the Harbour, where I should take care proper Vessels 
were sent to receive his Garrison, and that from 
Cooke's Post, Coloradoes, with the Stores, etc., etc. 

The uncertainty — I might almost say impossibility — 
from the tempestuous Weather and Northerly Winds 
that prevail at this Season, of the Transports making 
a tolerable passage has induced me, by the advice of 
those Experienced in these matters, to decline sending 
them on this errand. I have therefore been under a 
necessity of taking Capt. Askey's Vessel into the Ser- 
vice (with His Consent), and to employ her, with 
other small Sloops and Schooners now here, to con- 
vey the Troops from St. John's Harbour to this place. 
I have likewise come to a resolution to send the Trans- 
ports to Jamaica immediately, as their longer deten- 
tion would probably be attended with consequences 
similar to that of the Venus and others. 

The small Vessels will be of further use in Trans- 
porting the Detachment for Black River with expedi- 
tion. Having received a very pressing letter from 
Major Laurie for assistance, enclosing the Examination 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 363 

of two Spanish Deserters from Amoa, and the Deposi- 
tion of a third Person, all agreeing in their intelligence 
of an intended Invasion of that Settlement by the 
Spaniards soon after Christmas, I have in consequence 
sent him 120 stand of Spanish Arms, four Barrels of 
Powder (though I could ill spare it), and some Ball, 
with a supply of Provisions. The Duplicate of your 
Excellency's Letter of the preceding Date was received 
the 5th. inst. by his Majesty's Ship Resource, and upon 
my representing to Capt. Archer the situation of Affairs 
he sailed for Monkey Point about ten Leagues to Lee- 
ward to cover the embarkation of the Troops at the 
Harbour. 

The Hope is at last arrived, but not in harbour yet, 
her draught of Water being too great to come over the 
bar without being lightened, which we are at present 
employed in doing ; but the swell is so high that this 
business is much impeded. 

The constant rains we have had for some time past 
has retarded our work much and occasioned great sick- 
ness, principally among the Officers ; scarcely one of 
them is free of an Ague. I have just got the better 
of a severe attack myself, though much weakened by 
it, and had I not received your Excellency's late orders, 
I had thoughts of removing for my health ; but, as 
matters will be soon brought to a conclusion, I shall 
remain. This place and the disorders incident to it 
are by no means so fatal as St. John's Harbour, and 
we have lost few men but such as the Doctors pre- 
dicted would die when they Embarked, and I appre- 
hend in good Weather it will be tolerably healthy. 
Col. Irving left this some days ago for Pearl Key La- 
goon, intending to proceed further ; by him I sent 
orders to Messrs. Cairns and Thomson to stop all pro- 
ceedings with the Indians, and to make up their Ac- 
counts. I have also given Messrs. Brookman and 
L'Estrange directions to put an end to their Negotia- 
tions with the Indians and other for Pitpans, conceiving 
it to be your Excellency's intentions that Government 



354 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 

Bluefields, 26th. Nov., 1780. 

Sir: 

I am to acknowledge the receipt of your Letter 
of loth. instant, as well as your Returns from Capt. 
Macdonald, and am sorry to find the Provisions are in 
such bad order. The Stores of all sorts sent by Mr. 
Orton, of the Light Horse, were received in very bad 
condition at the Castle. Immediately on receipt of 
this, you are to forward all light Craft and Pitpans to 
the Castle, to enable the Officer Commanding to bring 
off the Stores, as I think it most probable, considering 
the Situation of Affairs, he will be obliged to abandon 
it, discretionary Orders being sent him for that pur- 
pose. You are instantly on receipt of this to forward 
the bearer, Capt. Todd, with my dispatches to the 
Officer Commanding at the Castle, sending Capt. 
Flynn or Mr. Cameron with him to stop all empty 
Boats they may meet with on the way down, and carry 
them back to the Falls, where they are to remain till 
further Orders from Capt. Dixon or Officer Com- 
manding. A small quantity of Provisions should be 
forwarded to enable the empty Boats to return. 

The purport of this Letter is not to be taken Notice 
of publicly, and is meant only for your own informa- 
tion. P. S. — Lieut. McKenzie and Dr. Keeffe may 
remain at your Post, nor is there occasion to forward 
the Powder and Cannon Shot sent. If any of these 
Articles are at the Harbour, they may remain there. 

I am. Sir, &c., &c., &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 

To Capt. Pellet or Officer Commanding at the Coloradoes. 



Bluefields, 26th. Nov., 1780. 

Instructions to Capt. Todd. 

The Dispatches intrusted to your care being of the 
Teatest consequence, you will proceed with all possible 
Expedition to St John's Castle. On your arrival at 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 355 

Cooke's Post, you will deliver my Letter to Capt. Pellet 
or Ofificer Commanding, who has orders to forward you 
and directions to give you every assistance in his power 
that you may not be detained. On your arrival at the 
Castle, you will deliver your Letters, acquaint Capt. 
Dixon you have my orders to return as soon as pos- 
sible, and take charge of any Letters he may have to 
send. 

Stephen Kemble. 

Bluefields, 28th. Nov., 1780. 

Gentlemen: 

Your Letter of 24th. Oct. was received Yester- 
day. The Advanced Season of the Year makes it 
necessary that some positive Estimation of the number 
and size of the Mosquito Craft should be ascertained, 
that his Excellency may be acquainted with the same. 
I am therefore to request that it may be sent me without 
delay; or, if an opportunity should offer immediately for 
Jamaica, that you will send it yourselves, pointing out 
such methods as you shall judge best to get them con- 
veyed to this place. 

As we have not proper Articles here to pay the In- 
dians for their Pitpans should they bring them down, 
I must repeat my former information that Col. Irving 
will take charge of that business, and that I hope, 
agreeable to my former Letters, a suflFicient number of 
Paddles is preparing, and that they shall be complete 
in every respect and fit for Service when wanted. 

The business of the Congress being at an end, you 
will consider the Authority derived from me to be at 
an end likewise with the Indians for Negotiating the 
Treaty. The Expenses incurred I hope will be reason- 
able, and in that case immediately paid. Cash is not 
to be got here for Bills, and the little the Deputy 
Agent has he is obliged to retain to purchase Cattle, 
Turtle, &c., for the Troops ; therefore none is sent. It 
is not in my power to appoint you (Mr. Cairns) to the 
Command of the Indians. His Excellency shall be 



3S6 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I 780* 

acquainted with their inclinations, and will, I am con- 
fident, do in this affair what he may judge best for his 
Majesty's Service. 

I am much indisposed and unable to reply to the 
Letters from Mrs. Young, and the Governor, and 
Gen. Smee. To the latter you will give my Compli- 
ments, and inform Mrs. Young that, on proper Cer- 
tificates being produced to justify the Expenditure, 
the hire of her Craft shall be paid to any Person pro- 
perly Authorized. 

I am, Gentlemen, &c., &c., &c.. 

Stephen Kemble. 
To Messrs. Cairns and Thomson. 



Bluefields, 28th. Nov., 1780. 
Sir : 

I wrote you some time ago, to desire you would 
immediately repair to this place to answer some ques- 
tions relative to the Records of the Mosquito Shore, 
upon a Complaint of Major Laurie's ; but you have 
neither thought it proper to obey the Summons, nor 
to make an Apology for your non-attendance. I am 
now. Sir, to order that you put an immediate stop to 
buying, hiring, or causing Pitpans to be built for the 
Public Service ; but should you, in consequence of the 
orders received from the late Sir Alexander Leith, 
have any in your possession that cannot be returned, 
they are to be sent to Pearl Key Lagoon, and deliv- 
ered up to Col. Irving, or his order, who will settle 
with the proprietors for the same ; and as soon as that 
is done, which must be with all possible dispatch, you 
will make your Report to me in Person, bringing such 
Papers with you as you shall think necessary to Ex- 
plain and Exculpate yourself from the other Charges 
Major Laurie has laid against you. 
I am. Sir, &c., &c., &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 
To Mr. L Estrange. 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, l78o, ^Sy 

Bluefields, 29th. Nov., 1780. 
Gentlemen: 

I desired you in a former Letter to send me an 
Account of Craft that might be procured on the Shore, 
should the Service require them, with the name or 
names of Persons to be employed to collect them; this 
account I wish much to have, but you are not to buy 
or hire any till you receive further Orders. You are 
likewise to put an immediate stop to buying, hiring, or 
employing People to build Pitpans for the public use; 
but should there be any in your possession, in conse- 
quence of former Orders, Government will take them 
off your hands, as it would be a hardship to leave so 
great a burden on you when acting from Authority , and 
all under this description are to be sent to Pearl Key 
Lagoon and delivered to Col. Irvifig or his Order, who 
will settle with the Proprietors for the same; he leaves 
in a day or two for different parts of the Shore to reg- 
ulate these matters, as well as others committed to his 
Charge and Inspection by his Excellency Gen. Calling. 

The business you were Charged with the Execution 
of, (viz., reconciling the Indians to Government) being 
now completed, all negotiations of every sort on the 
part of the Public are to be closed and an immediate 
report made to me of your proceedings since the 
Treaty at Tebuppy, transmitting at the same time an 
account of your Expenditures, if any, that the whole 
may be settled ; and I think it would be proper that 
one of you should be the bearer of them, that there 
may be no delay or confusion of accounts. 

It is necessary Capt Caddie should first go to 
Black River and clear up matters with Major Laurie, 
That done, he will be at liberty to dispose of himself, 
and if Gen. Calling approves of your Commanding 
the Indians, on which subject I have wrote him, Mr. 
Caddie may be employed under you ; but that's a matter 
that v/ill entirely rest with yourself, unless future orders 
direct to the Contrary. The Indians are a craving 
People, nor is there any bounds to their demands ; if 



358 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 

they find you disposed to give, they will live on you to 
the end of time, and a stop must be put to Entertaining 
them. I cannot Answer to Government for these re- 
peated demands of Provisions and supplies sent, and 
though I wrote you very lately on the subject, I think 
it necessary to observe it a second time. 

I am, Gentlemen, &c., &c., &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 
To Messrs. Cairns and Thomson, at Tebuppy. 



Bluefields, 5th. Dec, 1780. 

Sir: 

I have the honour to receive your Letter of this 
date by Mr. Jones, your First Lieutenant. I should 
be happy could I promise myself the pleasure of ac- 
companying you to Jamaica as soon as you seem to 
expect ; but my orders from Gen. Dalling are to with- 
draw the Garrison from the Castle of St. John's, 
assemble them at this place and dispose of some of 
them as he has directed, then to Embark the remainder 
with the Stores and join him at Jamaica. An express in 
consequence has been sent to the Castle these eight days 
past, and Vessels are prepared to be sent to St. John's 
Harbour to bring them hither, which I suppose will 
not be effected in less than three Weeks or a Month. 

Should you think it consistent with your orders to 
remain and cover the Embarkation of the Troops at 
St. John's Harbour, it will be effectually securing that 
Service. 

I have the honour to be, &c., &c., &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 
To Benjamin Archer, Esq., 

Commafiding his Majesty s Ship Resource. 



(Private.) Bluefields, 5th. Dec, 1780. 

Dear Sir : 

I had the pleasure to receive your Letters of 6th. 
and 9th. Nov., by Capt. Askey. The enclosed Copy 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 369 

of a Letter from the late Sir Alexander Leith, to me, 
will probably account for the Expression you say is in 
one of my Letters relative to yourself, and it is the 
only thing that could draw a word from me that might 
in any wise give either of us concern. Though care- 
ful of Letters, I have not kept a Copy of mine on the 
subject ; and whatever I may have said was a general 
reply to a harsh Paragraph, without choosing to be 
particular in my Answer, and your Ideas are perfectly 
just upon the occasion as the Copy will show. 

It must be Evident from my Public Correspondence 
that I ever considered you an Active Officer, and 
friendly Adviser upon all occasions ; and I think my 
Conduct need no Assurance to Convince you of it. 
Let me thank you for the friendly terms in which your 
Letter is expressed. I shall Attend to its Contents. 

In my last Letters I talked of giving up the Com- 
mand, and requesting his Excellency's permission to 
Change the air for my health, nor have I had reason 
since to alter my intentions. We are subject to severe 
Agues, but it is not so fatal as St. John's Harbour, 
and I apprehend will be tolerably healthy in good 
Weather ; but for a long time past we have had hard 
winds with frequent Squalls, and heavy Showers almost 
every day. 

I am, Sir, &c., &c., &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 
To Major Dairy tuple. 

Bluefields, 7th. Dec, 1780. 
Sir : 

I am to acknowledge the receipt of your Letters 
of 15th. Sept.. 5th. inst. The loss of so worthy an 
Officer as Major Jenkins is much to be lamented by 
all who had the pleasure of knowing him, and the 
number of Privates that died adds to our distress. I 
sincerely hope Mr. Harrison has recovered his health, 
and that Dr. Devonish is well, to whom I request you 
will make my Compliments. 



360 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 

All the heavy Ordnance we had are lost, two 24 
pounders in the Harbour of St. John*s, and four more 
on their way to this place, by the Vessels running on 
one of the Pearl Keys. The Troops under my Com- 
mand are all disposed of by order of Gen. Calling 
between this place and Black River. 
I am, Sir, &c., &c., &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 
To Richard Hoar, Esq., Rattan, 



Bluefields, 7th. Dec, 1780. 

Sir : 

I had the honour to receive your Letters of 20th. 
and 2ist. Nov., by Capt. Thomson, the 5th. inst.,Avith 
their enclosures. He and Capt. O'Brien are now pre- 
paring the small Vessel Mr. Hoy brought to return 
to Black River with. Mr. Hoy thought proper to leave 
her here, saying his hands had left him, and he had 
none to navigate her back. The truth of the matter 
is, Mr. Hoy starved his People ; and although I offered 
to put Provision on Board, on your Account, he would 
not take it without receiving an extra allowance for 
the Subsistence of himself and Crew, which I objected 
to. telling him he might live on what he received on 
the Public Account, and settle with you for it. I 
understand this Vessel has been in Government Ser- 
vice for some time, hired by you ; if so, inquiry should 
be made unto the cause of her being detained so long 
from Black River, and the Person or Persons who 
have employed her should be made to pay at least 
part of her hire. 

Mr. Campbell from Rattan has a quantity of Provis- 
ion on board for your use. Some Arms and a small 
quantity of Ammunition (of which I enclose you an 
Account) will be sent by Capt. Thomson, who has my 
order to return to you and remain at Black River. 

All our powder was lost on the passage from 
St. John's Harbour by the Vessel in which it was Em- 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 361 

barked being wrecked on one of the Pearl Keys, and 
of that Article little can be Spared. 

I hope, however, to send you a further supply in 
the course of three Weeks, with more Provisions and 
Stores, and a Detachment of Troops, having received 
his Excellency Gen. Dallings orders for that pur- 
pose ; but as these Troops are to come from St. 
John's Castle, which is to be abandoned, it will take 
some time before they can be Embarked for Black 
River, though I hope they will be on the way by the 
time mentioned, and you may depend upon it, no time 
shall be lost. Gen. Bailing directs me to send 100 
Men ; but that is conditional, and I don't know that I 
can spare that number, but they will not fall much 
short of it, unless some unforeseen accident shall take 
place ; the like number to remain here. 

As soon as these Arrangements are made, I shall 
sail for Jamaica, and think myself happily rid of this 
inhospitable Climate. As to Carpenters, Capt. Thom- 
son will inform you I have only one doing duty, and 
but one Blacksmith left. 

Osnabrigs we have none, and Blankets, I am afraid, 
not sufficient to supply the Troops. 

I was in hopes to have had Capt. Lamb here early 
enough to have explored Bluefields River; but as 
that has been done by Col. Irving, his presence here 
is not necessary now, and I think you will do right to 
keep him with you for the present. 

The order for sending Troops to Black River pre- 
cludes my interfering in the raising of new Companies 
or granting Commissions of any sort, and his Excel- 
lency must be wrote to for his Approbation of these 
matters. Mr. Young's case is hard, and I think if rep- 
resented by you and Certified by Capt. Poison, then 
Commanding Officer, Gen. Calling will think it just 
some allowance should be made him, or he may order 
his Company to be put upon the same Establishment 
with others raised in the Settlement. 

Mr. Campbell mentions your having two 9-pounders 



362 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, T 780. 

at Black River that are of little or no use to you, and 
would be very serviceable at Rattan. I have given 
him 150 round Shot for them, and request they may 
be delivered to him if you have no material objection 
to the contrary. 

I have the honour to be, &c., &c., &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 

To Major Laurie, Superintendent of the 

Mosquito Shore. 



Bluefields, 8th. Dec, i 780. 

Sir : 

I had the honour to receive your Excellency*s 
Letters of 8th. and gth. Nov. on the 25th., by Capt. 
Askey, and on the 27th. I dispatched Capt. Todd, Ex- 
press to St. John*s Castle, with orders to the Com- 
manding Officer to blow up the Castle and retire to 
the Harbour, where I should take care proper Vessels 
were sent to receive his Garrison, and that from 
Cooke's Post, Coloradoes, with the Stores, etc., etc. 

The uncertainty — I might almost say impossibility — 
from the tempestuous Weather and Northerly Winds 
that prevail at this Season, of the Transports making 
a tolerable passage has induced me, by the advice of 
those Experienced in these matters, to declinre sending 
them on this errand. I have therefore been under a 
necessity of taking Capt. Askey's Vessel into the Ser- 
vice (with His Consent), and to employ her, with 
other small Sloops and Schooners now here, to con- 
vey the Troops from St. John's Harbour to this place. 
I have likewise come to a resolution to send the Trans- 
ports to Jamaica immediately, as their longer deten- 
tion would probably be attended with consequences 
similar to that of the Venus and others. 

The small Vessels will be of further use in Trans- 
porting the Detachment for Black River with expedi- 
tion. Having received a very pressing letter from 
Major Laurie for assistance, enclosing the Examination 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 363 

of two Spanish Deserters from Amoa, and the Deposi- 
tion of a third Person, all agreeing in their intelligence 
of an intended Invasion of that Settlement by the 
Spaniards soon after Christmas, I have in consequence 
sent him 120 stand of Spanish Arms, four Barrels of 
Powder (though I could ill spare it), and some Ball, 
with a supply of Provisions. The Duplicate of your 
Excellency's Letter of the preceding Date was received 
the 5th. inst. by his Majesty's Ship Resource, and upon 
my representing to Capt. Archer the situation of Affairs 
he sailed for Monkey Point about ten Leagues to Lee- 
ward to cover the embarkation of the Troops at the 
Harbour. 

The Hope is at last arrived, but not in harbour yet, 
her draught of Water being too great to come over the 
bar without being lightened, which we are at present 
employed in doing ; but the swell is so high that this 
business is much impeded. 

The constant rains we have had for some time past 
has retarded our work much and occasioned great sick- 
ness, principally among the Officers ; scarcely one of 
them is free of an Ague. I have just got the better 
of a severe attack myself, though much weakened by 
it, and had I not received your Excellency's late orders, 
I had thoughts of removing for my health ; but, as 
matters will be soon brought to a conclusion, I shall 
remain. This place and the disorders incident to it 
are by no means so fatal as St. John's Harbour, and 
we have lost few men but such as the Doctors pre- 
dicted would die when they Embarked, and I appre- 
hend in good Weather it will be tolerably healthy. 
Col. Irving left this some days ago for Pearl Key La- 
goon, intending to proceed further ; by him I sent 
orders to Messrs. Cairns and Thomson to stop all pro- 
ceedings with the Indians, and to make up their Ac- 
counts. I have also given Messrs. Brookman and 
L'Estrange directions to put an end to their Negotia- 
tions with the Indians and other for Pitpans, conceiving 
it to be your Excellency's intentions that Government 



364 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 

should be put to no further Expense in this Quarter 
for Craft of any sort, the Charge attending which I 
apprehend will be very great. If I have acted wrong 
in taking this step without your sanction, I have only 
the uprightness of my Intention and desire to act in all 
respects for the good of the Service to plead in my 
excuse. 

Since writing the above, the Express I formerly sent 
to Cooke's Post is returned, but without any Letters 
from Capt. Dixon, though private ones mention the 
Garrison at the Castle to be in great distress for Pro- 
visions. The Express informs me there had been fre-. 
quent desertion among the Negroes, some of whom he 
apprehended at the Harbour and sent back ; that there 
was a prodigious flood in the River, and that the post at 
the Coloradoes had been overflowed, most of the Pro- 
vision and Stores destroyed, and the greatest distress in 
all quarters. In consequence of this I have ordered 
a Vessel to Sail with a quantity of Provisions for St. 
John's Harbour, without delay, that there may not be 
any want on the Garrison's arrival there, which, from 
these circumstances, I apprehend will be sooner than 
expected. Capt. Todd was met at the Harbour on the 
4th. inst., having been detained in his Passage down 
by the badness of the Weather, and narrowly escaped 
perishing. 

From the above state of matters it is much to be 
feared the perishable Stores that may be embarked at 
the Castle will arrive at the Harbour but in a bad 
Condition, especially the Powder. Should that re- 
source fail us, this Post and Black River will remain 
but ill provided, having only about 7 Barrels left here. 
I enclose your Excellency Returns for 15th. Nov. and 
1st. Dec, with the Papers sent me by Major Laurie, 
mentioned in the body of this Letter. 

I have the honour to be, &c., &c., &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 
To His Excellency Gen. Dalling, 

Sent by Dr. Jameson in the Ship Sally. 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 365 

Bluefields, 8th. Dec, 1780. 

Sir: 

Immediately on your Arrival at the Harbour of 
St. John's with the Garrison* and Stores from the 
Castle, and those from Cooke's Post, Coloradoes, you 
will embark the whole on board such Vessels as you 
will find there for your reception, and join me at Blue- 
fields with all possible dispatch. 

His Majesty's Ship Resource, Capt. Archer, will 
cover your Embarkation ; but as the Vessels sent to 
receive you are only Sloops and Schooners of small 
draught of water, I think it would be eligible for you 
to make the best of your way along shore and not 
attend the Man of War, as she will be obliged to take 
a great offing, but in this you must be guided by his 
(Capt. Archer's) opinion and act accordingly. Should 
he consent to my proposal, Capt. Wood, who Com- 
mands a small Schooner belonging to this place, is a 
good Pilot, and will conduct you in safety. I send 
Capt. Parke, Director of Crafts, to take Charge of and 
Conduct them here. Capt. Flynn, Mr. Fitzgibbon, 
and Mr. Caldwell must attend him. Every Negro, all 
the Batteaux Men, and others he may require to assist 
him in this business are to be granted, to enable him 
to perform his Passage with as much Security as pos- 
sible. You will also supply him with as many days' 
Provision as he may demand ; and for fear accident 
from Weather or other causes may have reduced your 
Stores so as to require a supply for this purpose, or 
the Troops you may Embark, I send you three Weeks' 
Provision for the whole. 

You will take Capt. Archer's opinion relative to 
the Germain, with that of Capt. Patterson's and such 
other Persons as you may think proper to Consult, 
and if they think it impracticable to bring her here, 
She must be destroyed ; but as circumstances must 
guide you in all these things, you must do the best for 
the Service in every respect. 

Should there be any of the Materials belonging to 



366 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I780. 

the Germain worth preserving, you will take care that 
it is done, in case She is destroyed. 

Not any of the Light Horse are to be employed to 
Navigate the Craft unless it is absolutely necessary, 
and only the Batteaux Men and Legion left on that 
Service. I wish you a prosperous issue to all these 
Affairs, and speedy arrival. 

I am, with regard, Dear Sir, &c., &c., &a, 

Stephen Kemble. 
To Capt. Dixon, or Officer Commanding 
St. John's Castle. 



Bluefields, 8th. Dec, 1780. 
Sir: 

I am to acknowledge the receipt of your Letter 
of the nth. Nov. The detention of the Transports, 
and cause for the same, prior to my return to St. 
John's Harbour, has been accounted for by Miessrs. 
Shaw and Galbraith, and the state of those sunk in 
the Harbour explained fully by the latter Gentleman, 
as he informs me. The Brig Julia is now in this Port, 
reported to you in such a condition as not to be fit 
for Sea. The Sloop St. Johns fate you are also 
acquainted with. There only remains the Hope and 
three Ships last sent, viz., Betsy, Sally and Flora to 
be accounted for. The first arrived here within these 
few days only from Bocco-Toro, last, in bad conditions ; 
the other three to Sail for Jamaica immediately. Of all 
these circumstances Mr. Galbraith has had my Orders 
to be very particular with you upon, that you may 
know the true state of the Shipping. The Weather is 
such now and has been for a long time past so bad, 
that it is not thought advisable to employ the Tran- 
sports in the Navigation of this Shore, and it is, upon 
Mature consultation, supported by the opinion of Capt. 
Archer, of the Resource, that I have come to a reso- 
lution to send the three Transports back as useless, 
and to Employ small Vessels. Capt. Askey's Schooner 
is upon this Account taken into the Service, and with 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 367 

Others to be employed in conveying the Troops from 
St. John's Harbour, for which place they will Sail with 
all Dispatch. 

Late Accounts from the Harbour represent affairs 
at the Castle in a sad condition, on Account of Pro- 
visions. Negroes Desert with whole Boats loaden, 
the floods have risen to such a height as to overflow 
the Post at the Coloradoes, and all or most of the 
perishable Stores, such as Flour, &c., destroyed, and 
the Current so rapid that it is almost impossible to 
make head against it ; in few words, the whole is a 
scene of distress. I have ordered Vessels to sail im- 
mediately with Provisions for the Harbour, as I think 
it most probable the Garrison will be obliged to quit 
the Castle prior to the receipt of his Excellency's 
Orders for that purpose. We have now Askey's and 
Wood's Schooners, Everet's and Bailey's Sloops, with 
the Royal George in Employ, the four first to go 
to St. John's Harbour. Enclosed I send you the 
Names of four Prisoners sent in the Betsy, with a list 
of Carpenters, who in general have been of less use 
than any set of People ever were for the wages they 
received. 

I am, &c., &c.,&c., 

Stephen Kemble. 

P. S. — Enclosed you have also a Return of Artillerj^ 
and Stores Embarked on board the Ship Sally. 

Prisoners' Names: Josephine, a white Diego; 
oseph, a Mulatto ; and Joseph Ventura, do., taken by 
^ieut. McLean. 

Juan Francisco Yore, a Mulatto, taken near St. 
John's Castle in August last. 

To Hercules Ross, Esq., Agent General. 



Bluefields, nth. Dec, 1780. 
Sir : 

The Ship Hope having a quantity of Valuable 
Stores on board belonging to Government, the loss 



368 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE. 1 780. 

of which would materially injure the Service, and the 
Weather being such as to preclude all hopes of get- 
ting her into this Harbour without assistance, I am to 
request you will convey my desire to the Captains of 
the Flora and Betsy, that theymay join you in endeav- 
ouring with the Boats and hands belonging to your 
respective Ships to bring her into this harbour as 
early to-morrow morning as weather and Tide will 
permit. Being persuaded of your readiness, as well 
as that of the Capts. Ayrson and Dobbins, to do all 
in your power for the good of the Service, I assure 
myself that no time will be lost in the Execution of it 

I am, &c., &c., &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 
To Capt. Bell, Commanding the Ship Sally. 



Bluefields, 12th. Dec, 1780. 
Sir : 

Since your departure for Monkey Point, I have 
received information that the waters have risen to such 
a height in the River St. John's as to overflow the Post 
at the Colorado Island, that the current is so rapid as 
to make it almost impossible for a boat to row against 
it, and that the Troops at the Castle are short of Pro- 
visions. I have, therefore, ordered the Sloop Indus- 
try, Capt. Bailey, to the Harbour, with some supplies 
for the Garrison should they have been obliged to quit 
the Castle prior to the receipt of my order for that 
purpose. 

You are the best judge whether your ship is so sit- 
uated as to cover the Embarkation without moving 
from her present Station ; but at any rate I could wish 
an Officer were sent from you to assist Capt. Dixon, 
or Officer Commanding, in regulating the Embarka- 
tion of Stores, &c., when the Troops do arrive. 
I have the honour to be, &c., &c., &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 
To Capt. Archer, or Officer Commanding 

the Resource. 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I780. 369 

Bluefields, 13th. Dec, 1780. 
Sir : 

Capt. Bailey in the Sloop Industry sailed Yester- 
day for St. John's Harbour with a quantity of Pro- 
visions for the Troops under your Command. Capt. 
Wood in the Schooner Bluefields sails to-morrow, 
loaden in like manner, and I hope to send you the 
Schooner Dolphin the day after to-morrow, also with 
a supply of Provisions, on board of which Vessels I 
am in hopes you will be able to Embark your whole 
Detachment of Troops and Stores, except the Negroes 
and such of the Legion and Batteaux Corps as are 
appropriated to the Craft Service ; but should these 
Vessels be inadequate to the purpose, You will please 
to dispatch the first loaded without delay, that She 
may return to the Harbour as soon as possible for the 
remainder. In this You will acquaint me with the 
number of Troops and quantity of Stores left behind, 
that I may know if more than one Vessel is necessary 
to be returned to you. The Detachments of 79th, 
Loyal Irish Corps and Light Horse are to be the fi 
Embarked, with all the Powder you may have fit for 
use, and any small Brass or Iron ordnance, Carriages, 
and Store of Shot complete for Service. 

I am, sir, &c., &c., &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 
To Capt. Dixon, or Officer Commanding 
at St, Johns Harbour. 



Bluefields, 13th. Dec, 1780. 
Sir : • 

A quantity of 6 pound round Shot, and two heavy 
6 pound Iron Guns were left in the hold of the sloop 
Success, sunk in the Harbour of St. John's ; they are 
much wanted at this place, and I am to desire you will do 
all in your power to recover them, by employing Negro 
Divers or any other means that may suggest to you. 

The Ship Venus should also be examined to see if 
any of the Ordnance or Stores in her hold can be come 
VOL. n— 24 



370 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I 780. 

at. Capt. Patterson knows where these Vessels lay, 
and may be of service on the occasion. 

The 6 pounder and Shot, &c., left at Cooke's Post, 
will no doubt be brought away, and sent here with 
your Ordnance and other Military Stores. 

I am, &c., &c., &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 
Capt. Dixon or Officer Commanding 
at St. John's Harbour. 



Bluefields, 19th. Dec, 1780. 
Sir : 

I find by several People from Pearl Key Lagoon 
that Capt. Patterson, who lately went there, and whom 
I proposed to send to St. John's Harbour, has been in- 
duced, from Motives I am yet unacquainted with, to 
proceed further along the Shore. Should this Gentle- 
man not make his Appearance in time to take charge 
of your Craft, Mr. Fitzgibbon and Mr. Caldwell, with 
such other Officers as you shall think necessary to Ap- 
point, must be entrusted to bring them here ; to the 
oldest of whom you will deliver the enclosed Instruc- 
tionsj and add any other directions that may suggest 
to you to forward this service. The shocking con- 
dition the Cargo of the Ship Hope arrived in has ren- 
dered it absolutely necessary to detain the Schooner 
I mentioned in my last from sailing before. She is 
now accompanied by a Sloop of Burthen, which, with 
the Vessels sent before, will enable you, I hope, to 
bring all your Stores and Troops away at one Trip. 

I am, &c., &c., &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 

To Capt. Dixon, or Officer Commanding 
at St. Johns Harbour. 



Bluefields, 21st Dec, 1780. 
Sir : 

I am to acknowledge the receipt of your Letter of 



IDOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENXE, I 780. 37 1 

1 6th. inst., by Capt. Dixon, and must confess I am not 
a little disappointed and concerned at being informed 
it will take so^ long a time as Mr. Despard mentions 
to complete the destruction of the Castle. I have 
wrote him on the Subject, and I am to entreat you 
will exert yourself in forwarding the Mines as much 
as possible. Intelligence has been given me a few 
days ago, received from a Spanish Deserter, that 500 
Men were gone to reinforce their Post at the head of 
the River, and it is not impossible that they may at- 
tack the Castle as soon as the fair Weather sets in, 
especially if they are informed you are preparing to 
destroy it. A good lookout should be kept, and if 
they do come down, you should retire, after having de- 
stroyed the Fort of St. Juan's in the best manner your 
time and circumstances will admit, and not attempt to 
defend the Post : if you do, you will run a risk of 
having your communication cut off, and your Retreat 
rendered hazardous and difficult ; but you should be- 
ware of giving ear to uncertain Information, and have 
indisputable good reasons for what you do. 

The Germain should be loaden with the heavy Ar- 
tillery and Stores of all sorts, and sent down immedi- 
ately. If that is delayed till the floods subside, the 
Waters will be so shoal as to impede her progress ; 
but if She is sent down while they are up, there is no 
danger of her meeting with difficulties. Fitzgibbon 
knows the River better than any one, and should be 
entrusted to bring her to the Harbour. My preceding 
Letters, forwarded by Capt. Dixon, will be your guide 
on your arrival at the Harbour. 

I could wish the Detachment of Loyal Irish and 
Light Horse at the Castle and Cooke s Post could be 
spared. If you think they can, send them off, with 
any small Artillery complete with Shot and Carriages, 
with directions to proceed to the Harbour, Embark 
on bqard Vessels they will find there, and Sail for this 
place with all dispatch. Lieut. McKenzie, now at 
Cooke's Post, should in that case join his Detachment. 

The Command you are entrusted with is of conse- 



372 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 78O. 

quence, and your attention to the Service with a proper 
management of Affairs may be of use to you hereafter. 
I need say no more, assured that no exertion on your 
part will be wanting to bring matters to as speedy a 
Conclusion as possible. 

I am, &c., &c., &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 

To Lieut. Browne, 6oth. Regiment, or Officer 
Commanding at St. John's Castle. 



Bluefields, 21st. Dec, 1780. 
Sir : 

Immediately on the receipt of this you will for- 
ward my Dispatch to the Castle in the most expeditious 
manner possible, with the Tools brought at same time, 
they being much wanted at that place ; and as it will 
be necessary some careful person should be entrusted 
with the Dispatch and Tools, I am to desire you will 
order Dr. Cooke to take Charge of and go to the Castle 
with them, should no other Officer or trusty Person 
to send on this service, which is of material conse- 
quence. I have wrote to the Officer Commanding at 
the Castle to send down your Detachment if they can 
be spared ; should that be done, you will join them, 
leaving the Command of the Post to Dr. Cooke, if no 
other Officer is present. 

I am, &c., &c., &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 

To Lieut. McKenzie, or Officer Commanding 

at the Coloradoes. 



Bluefields, 21st. Dec, 1780. 
Sir: 

I am to thank you for your Letters of the 9th. and 
1 6th. inst, received Yesterday, by Capt. Dixon. The 
Spaniards taking Post on the Island you mention is of 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 373 

little consequence, and only meant to prevent our re- 
connoitering, very immaterial to us at this time. 

I am sorry Capt. Dixon quit his Command at the 
time he did, and should have prevented it had I the 
least idea of the time necessary to finish the Mines ; I 
did imagine they were all ready, and that three or four 
days would have been sufficient to complete all matters 
for the destruction of the Fort of St. Juan, Buildings, 
&c., &c., and I am now to request you will use all pos- 
sible dispatch in Accomplishing it. I cannot pretend to 
give directions in your line of Department, but I think it 
advisable to hasten Affairs though the Mines were not 
so completely executed as a longer time would permit. 
The two faces of the Castle looking to the land, or 
N. W. and S. W. fronts, as I conceive them to be. and the 
Tower are most to be attended to, and if completely 
destroyed the material point is gained, in my opinion, 
though the others should not be neglected entirely. 

The Season of the Year is advancing fast when the 
Spaniards may make an attempt to retake the place, 
especially if they understand you are busy in preparing 
to destroy it, and for that reason expedition is required ; 
besides, the Troops are wanted for other Service, and 
must quit in time should there be the smallest proba- 
bility of the Spaniards coming to Attack you. 

Intelligence from Indians say 500 Men are gone to 
the Post at the Lake ; should they attempt you at all, it 
will be with so superior a force as perhaps to cut off 
your communication and render your Retreat hazard- 
ous and difficult. 

When I wrote to Capt. Dixon I did not suppose you 
could be spared for the Service of Reconnoitering, nor 
did I wish you should undertake it. If I had I would 
have wrote you on the Subject. If this reaches you 
time enough, pray lay aside thoughts of going your- 
self, and drop the Affair entirely. Should any Acci- 
dent happen to you, how are matters to be carried on 
at the Castle ? We should run a risk of leaving the 
place in the same condition in which it was when taken. 



374 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 

As to Bat and Forage Money. I have never received 
a distribution, nor do I know what you are to receive 
as Chief Engineer ; but the best thing you can do, in 
my opinion, is to send a Power of Attorney to some 
Person in Jamaica, to receive your proportion from 
Mr. Ross. There are many Officers there who can 
tell what you are entitled to. No supplies of Artiller)' 
or Engineers Stores have been received lately from 
Jamaica, nor do I apprehend do they mean to send 
any. 

Enclosed is a list of Tools sent ; none other we have. 

I am. Sir, &c., &c., &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 
To Lieut. Despard, Engineer y St. John's Castle. 



Bluefields, 24th. Dec, 1780. 

Instructions to Capt. Patterson, Chief Director of 
Crafts. &c. 
The loss of Crafts of all sorts having been ex- 
tremely great, and the expense to Government verj^ 
considerable, makes it necessary you should go to St. 
John's Harbour to take charge of and conduct the 
whole employed on the River St. John's to this place, 
the Garrison of the Castle and Cooke's Post being 
withdrawn. You will, therefore, proceed to St. John's 
Harbour in the Schooner Dolphin, where on your ar- 
rival you will show these Instructions to Capt. Dixon 
or Officer Commanding, who has directions to give 
you all the Assistance in his power ; and I rely on your 
Elxperience in these matters, that every Craft, Pit- 
pan, or Dory, that can with any degree of safety be 
brought to this place, is done. 

Towlines, Anchors, and Sails will be furnished you 
in as ample a manner as our situation will permit, and 
I request that you and your Officers are as careful of 
them as possible, that they may be returned into Store 
on your arrival here. Such Craft as require it are to 
be repaired, and you will be careful to take the most 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I 780. ^yS 

exact Account of all you may bring away or leave be- 
hind as totally ruined, that a Return of the same may be 
transmitted to the Commander in Chief. You will also 
get the best account you possibly can of all Craft, 
Pitpans, or Dories that have been lost or destroyed 
from the commencement of the Expedition, and the 
time when each was so lost or destroyed, that the hire 
of the same may be ascertained and the public put to 
no more than a just expense for them. Should it be 
found impossible to bring the whole from the Harbour 
of St, John's to this Port, those left are to be deposited 
in a secure and unfrequented place, that they may at a 
proper time hereafter be recovered. As much depends 
on your judgment of these matters and knowledge 
of the Navigation, my expectations are in proportion 
heightened, and I promise myself every possible success 
from your Abilities, perseverance, and good Conduct. 
P. S. As soon as you arrive at the Harbour of St. 
John's you will employ the Boats and hands belonging 
to the Vessels there, with such other People as you can 
get, and endeavour to recover all the Cannon, Shot, 
Stores, &c., &c., that were left on board the Ships 
Horatio and Venus, and Sloop Success, sunk in that 
Harbour. 

Stephen Kemble. 

Bluefields, 27th. Dec, 1780. 

Sir : 

I am to acknowledge the receipt of your Letter 
of 7th. inst, and am sorry to hear the Mosquito Men 
and Sambos are so troublesome to you. If it is 
in my Power to put a stop to it, I will ; but I fear the 
distance we are at will render any measures I can take 
ineffectual. 

As it appears to be Gov. Dalling s intentions to leave 
some Troops at this place and to send a few to Black 
River, I apprehend the Indians will be cautious in de- 
claring for the Spaniards, and I think you may rest 
quiet on that head. You must be the best judges your- 



376 DOCUMEXTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I780. 

selves what measures will be necessary for you to take 
should the Spaniards attack the Settlement at Cape 
Gracias a Dios ; Assistance from the Troops you can 
expect none, from the great distance they are at on 
either side, and I can give you no better advice than to 
keep a good look out, that you may be apprised of an 
Enemy coming against you of superior force, and in 
that case to make your Retreat in time to some place 
where you may be in Security. 

I am, &c., &c., &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 

To Mr. Garrison, Cape Gracias a Dios. 



Jamaica, 31st. Dec, 1780. 

Sir: 

The Kingston Packet returned a few days ago 
with Engineer Muller, by whom I received your dis- 
patches of October and November. 

His report respecting the Rivers and Country lead- 
ing from Bluefields to Lake Nicaragua is very unfavour- 
able for recommencing an attack against the enemy's 
Territories by that quarter ; and by the returns and in- 
formation of the state and situation of His Majesty's 
Troops on the Main, I consider it impracticable for the 
present to pursue offensive operations to that extended 
degree first proposed. By the Schooner of Capt. 
Askey I sent orders for evacuating and destroying 
St. John's Castle and for removing the Troops and 
Stores to Bluefields. With great regret I find myself 
compelled to abandon an enterprise from which so much 
honour and national consequence were expected. 
Upon receipt of this you are to make the necessary- 
disposition for quitting Bluefields and returning to tr is 
Island, leaving fifty men and such Stores as shall be 
requisite to finish the works began for the defence of 
the place, and which may be of utility for encourag- 
ing the Indians to make incursions into the Enemy's 
Settle'ments. The remainder of the Troops and Stores 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 780. 377 

you are to embark on the Transports now at Bluefields, 
one of which you will allot for the hired Negroes, all 
of whom are to be carefully collected and brought 
back. 

Those lately arrived from the Island of Rattan are 
likewise to be returned to their respective Owners so 
soon as the service will admit. I have applied to Vice- 
Admiral Sir Peter Parker for a convoy and assistance 
of some seamen to navigate the Transports ; he has 
answered that the Captain of His Majesty's Ship 
Resource, now at Bluefields, has orders to co-operate 
with you in such measures as may be requisite for 
convoying and bringing back the Ships, Troops, and 
Stores. 

I am informed among the Negroes sent down there 
are a number of sailors, therefore some of them will 
be useful to assist in working, the Ships. To such 
officers and privates of the Provincial Corps who may 
choose to remain and settle at Bluefields, you are to 
grant discharges and every other reasonable encourage- 
ment by furnishing them, from the public Stores, with 
Arms for their defence, implements of husbandry, and 
Provisions. 

You will order the expenses incurred for carrying on 
the Service to be finally adjusted and arranged with the 
greatest Economy, and that none but unexceptionable 
demands, with clear and distinct vouchers, are certified 
or approved by you. 

Major Odell, whom I dispatched in last June to New 
York, is daily expected here with about 300 Recruits. 
I should be glad to be informed whether such a Corps 
could be of any use below on the Main, and whether 
tolerable quarters can be provided for them at Blue- 
fields. 

I am. Sir, 

Your humble Servant, 

John Dalling. 
To Brig.'Gefi. Kcmble, 

Endorsed. Received nth. Jan., 1781. Answered. 



378 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I780. 

Return of Officers that have died on the Expedition 

to St. John's Harbour. 

60th. Regiment. — Lieut. Peter Haldimand, Lieut. 
John Charlton, Lieut. Joshua Wolfe (died Sept. 8, 
1780, at St. John's Harbour), Ensign Christian Plees, 
Ensign J. Philip Jeserick, Surgeon's Mate Byrne (at 
Bluefields, Oct. 12, 1780). 

79th. Regiment. — Capt.-Lieut. James Mounsey, 
Capt. William Colvill (died August 29, 1780), Lieut. 
Crisp Chand. Gascoyne, Lieut. John Bramley, Lieut. 
Schomberg, Lieut. Thomas Leigh (died on board the 
Hope at Sea, Sept. 23, 1780), Ensign Charles Hill, 
Ensign Tymperley (died on his way to Jamaica), 
Ensign Charles John Trusler. 

Royal Irish Corps. — Capt. Edmond Harte. 

Jamaica Royal Volunteers. — Capt. John Bertrand 
died May 15, 1780), Capt. Roger Shakespeare 
drowned April 7, 1780), Capt. Pierce Cook, Lieut, 
^ook, Lieut. Simon Booth, Lieut. James Douglas, 
Lieut. Laughlan McLean (died May 17, 1780), Lieut. 
Thomas Fitzgerald (died Oct. 16, 1780), Ensign John 
Davis. 

Jamaica Legion. — Capt. Aldrid (died on his way 
to Jamaica), Lieut. Fanning, Lieut. Colburn, Lieut. 
Allan, Lieut. Surry, Ensign Tasset, Ensign Taaffe 
(died at Bluefields, Oct. 10, 1780), Ensign Denap 
(died at Bluefields, Oct., 1780), Quarter Master Mc- 
Kay, Surgeon Johnston. 

Royal Artillery. — Lieut. George Fead, Lieut. Fire- 
worker Napier. 

Royal Batteaux Volunteers. — Capt. Nemens, Lieut. 
Campbell (D. J. Advocate), Quarter Master Campbell, 
Surgeon McCullough. 

Hospital Mate Rush, died August 22, 1 780 ; Hospital 
Mate Mclntire, died at Bluefields, Oct. 14, 1780 ; Hos- 
pital Mate Alexander, died at Bluefields, Oct. 25, 
1780; Hospital Mate Henderson, died at Bluefields, 
Dec, 1780. 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 78 1. 379 

Bluefields Bluff, 2d. Jan., 1781. 
Sir : 

Having considered with attention your late infor- 
mation relative to the Woolwa Chief (Capt. Dick), and 
what passed at that time, with the situation of Affairs 
at this place, and our present defenceless state, as well as 
your being detached to so great a distance as six Miles, 
with a large quantity of Arms, Ammunition, &c., I can- 
not help reflecting on the consequences that may attend 
an Attack on your Quarter by the small resistance that 
could be made by so few People as are at present with 
you ; nor do I think, were it possible for you to collect 
the Negroes from your Neighbourhood in time, they 
would be adequate to the Task of repelling an Enemy 
in force ; besides, the Indians, who have been with you 
from time to time, know the Ground perfectly well, and 
where to place themselves so as to cut off all Succour 
that might attempt to come to your assistance from 
Wood's farm. All these things considered, with the 
impropriety in my opinion of risking a Detachment 
from the small Body of Troops under my command to 
your Aid till this place is put into some state of defence, 
induce me to consult you on the necessity, as I conceive 
it, of removing your Stores to this side of the Water, 
at least the Arms and Ammunition, except such part 
as you may think necessary for your own protection 
should you prefer remaining where you are. 

The Arms and Ammunition can be taken the 
greatest care of here, and sent to you in such quantities 
as may be called for from time to time ; all other Stores 
may be lodged with the Quarter Master General, should 
you be of opinion it would be best to send the whole 
over. 

Were the Spaniards to come down the River in force 
and possess themselves of your Stores in their present 
state, they would be so completely furnished with every- 
thing necessary to pursue the blow that they might 
attempt, by having the means to Arm numbers, what 
they before had not an idea of. The Indians (ever 



380 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 178K 

faithless) and always adhering to the stronger side, 
would probably join the Spaniard were he successful ; 
nor would it be in our power, as situated just now, to 
arm and provide the Mosquito Men with Ammunition 
(should they continue steady in their friendship) were 
we deprived of your supplies. Your own Anxiety, at 
an Absence ever so short, sufficiently indicates the con- 
sequence of your Charge, and I am led from thence to 
think you will join with me in sentiment. 

I am. Sir, &c., &c., &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 
To Li cut. 'Co I. Irving. 



Bluefields, 5th. January, 1781. 

Sir : 

I am to acknowledge the receipt of your Letter 
of 30th. Dec, and am glad to find the destruction of 
the Castle will not take up so long a time as was at 
first expected. It was my intention to have sent an 
Anchor for the Germain long ago, but none could be 
got. nor is there one to be had now. She had an 
Anchor when I left the Castle^ — what has become of 
it ? — but I hope you will not wait for a thing that 
cannot be procured nearer than Jamaica ; and while 
the Waters are up there's little danger of her meeting 
with an Accident in the way down. If she s detained 
till the fall, it will be difficult if not impossible. I 
therefore hope your own judgment will have pointed 
out the necessity of sending her off at any rate. 

Vou have done verj' right by sending away the 
Sick and useless People, with the Artillery, &c. My 
former Letters to Capt. Dixon, forwarded to you, 
diriH^t the Loyal Irish Corps and Light Horse to be 
stMU to this place as soon as possible, which I beg you 
will attend to ; their leaving the Castle before it was 
Kvucuated was left entirely at the discretion of the 
l>tficer Commanding. You will also observe in the 
LcUciS; mentioned, that the fate of the Germain is to 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 78 1. 38 1 

be decided by the Officer Commanding his Majesty's 
Ship Resource ; but should he not be at the Harbour 
on your arrival there, you will consult those most 
experienced in Sea Affairs on what is proper to be 
done with her, and Act accordingly. 

Be careful to have exact returns of all Artillery and 
Stores, and on board of what Vessel they are Em- 
barked. 

I am. Sir, &c., &c., &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 
To Lieut. Brown, 6oth. Regiment, or Officer 
Commanding St. John's Castle. 



Bluefields, 5th. January, 1781. 
Sir : 

Should the Iron six pounder, with the Shot, 
Powder, &c., not be sent from Cooke's Post to the 
Harbour before you receive this, I am to desire it may 
be done instantly, and Embarked on board Capt. 
Bailey with such other Stores as may be sent from the 
Castle, that there may be no delay on the arrival of 
^he Troops at the Harbour. If Capt. Bailey can be 
loaded with Stores, and Sail by the 12th., or before, 
He had better be dispatched, and may return in time 
^o take part of the Troops in that are to come from 
"the Castle. 

I am, Sir, &c., &c., &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 
Xo Lieut. McKenzie, or Officer Commanding 

at Cooke s Post. 



Bluefields, 12th. January, 1781. 

Sir : 

The Bearer, Capt. Patterson, Chief Director of 

Crafts, is ordered to the Harbour of St. John's, to 

take charge of and conduct the whole employed on 

the River to this place. He is furnished with every- 



»2 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, a,. 

hing necessary for that Service in as ample a manner 
IS we are able ; but as circumstances not now to be 
foreseen may throw difficulties in his way, I beg leave 
to recommend him to your Notice, and request you 
will give him your Advice, as also such assistance as 
the Ser\-ice may require and you can with propriety 
grant 

Lieut. Jones mentioned to me your intentions of 
proceeding to the Com Islands as soon as the Em- 
barkation is completed and the Vessels with the Troops 
and Stores sail for this place, there to remain till you 
suppose all matters are prepared here, and I am ready 
to proceed to Jamaica. I have only to observe on 
this subject that I fear the time of our sailing from 
this cannot be so justly calculated as to insure you a 
short detention off this Harbour, and whether it would 
not be better to Anchor off Pearl Key Lagoon for a 
few da\-s. where I have it in my power to send and 
acquaint you when we are ready to Sail. 

Capt. Todd, who is now with the Troops at St. John's 
Castle, is a professed Pilot on this Coast, and if not 
materially wanted for any other purpose will come with 
you. Capt. Patterson is also well acquainted with the 
Coast, and will explain my sentiments if necessary. I 
have informed the Officer Commanding the Troops that 
your opinion is to determine the fate of the Germain 
.\rmed Vessel. 

I have the honour to be» &c, &c., &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 

ZI» Cj-//. Archer, or Officer Commanding 

the Resource, 



Bluefields, i6th. January, 1781. 
Sir : 

I could wish, if it were possible with your othe 
arrangements, that the well Men of the 60th. Loy- 
Irish Corps and the British of the Light Horse, wi 
their Officers and Baggage, were Embarked on boa 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1781. 383 

the Sloop Industry, Capt. Bailey, in which Vessel you 
will come yourself, as She is thought to be the best 
sailer. If you can put any light Brass or Iron Cannon 
with Carriages complete and a quantity of your best 
Powder in her, so much the better. 

As the Man of War will most probably touch at 
Corn Islands and not come off this Port till all her 
Convoy is ready to Sail for Jamaica, it may be con- 
venient for any of your Officers to take their passage 
in her. 

I am. Sir, &c., &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 
To Lieut. Browfiy 6oth, Regimenty 
St, Johns Harbour, 



Bluefields, iSth. January, 1781. 
Sir : 

I had the honour to receive your Excellency's dis- 
patch of 31st. Dec, by the Kingston Packet, on the 
nth. inst. My Letter by Dr. Jameson, who sailed in the 
Ship Sally, Capt. Bell (which I hope is by this time come 
to hand), will inform you with my reasons for sending 
the Transports to Jamaica, and of my having forwarded 
your orders to the Officer Commanding at the Castle 
to destroy it and join me at Bluefields as soon as pos- 
sible, which I flattered myself would have been put in 
almost immediate Execution ; but I found to my great 
concern from Capt. Dixon (who left the Castle in con- 
sequence of Your Excellency's leave of Absence) and 
joined me the 20th. Dec. last, that it would take an 
infinitely longer time than I had any idea of to com- 
plete the Mines for the destruction of the Works. Mr. 
Despard's computation, not less than eight or ten 
Weeks ; this I considered so extravagant that I imme- 
diately dispatched a second Express to hasten Matters, 
and by Letter of 30th. Dec. from Lieut. Brown, 60th. 
Regiment, who now Commands, I am given to hope he 
will be at the 'Harbour by 20th. of this Month. 



384 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 178I. 

Being much better in health than when Mr. Muller 
left this, I do not think myself at liberty to take the 
advantage of your Excellency's permission to return 
to Jamaica, though I have it much at heart, till the 
Troops arrive from the Castle and your orders for dis- 
posing of them put in execution. 

I have in consequence to observe to your Excellency 
that I propose to make up the Detachment for Black 
River from the foUowing Corps (Viz.), 6oth. Loyal Irish 
Corps, and Light Horse ; the few remaining of 79th. 
Regiment to return to Jamaica, the Jamaica Volun- 
teers to remain at this place till further orders ; and 
should Major Odell's Corps be sent down, your Com- 
mands in your last Letter, relative to the Provincial 
Corps, can then take place with safety ; but were the 
Volunteers now to have the option of remaining here 
with the Advantages held out to them, not a Man 
scarcely of the Corps would refuse it, and there would 
be none left to Guard this place, the Sick and Stores 
that must of necessity be left, as well as the Sick of the 
Detachment ordered to Black River. Could I prom- 
ise m\*self that those Men who would accept their 
Discharges on the Conditions mentioned would reside 
here for a time, I should not take the liberty of defer- 
rinvj the Execution of your Orders ; but that cannot be 
depended upon longer than necessity obliges them, and 
there's hardly a doubt but they would take the earliest 
opportunity of getting away, which they would be en- 
abled to do by disposing of the very Articles given to 
retain them, in order to pay that Passage to Jamaica or 
elsewhere ; whereas by Discharging them on arrival of 
Major Odell's Corps, many might be induced to stay, 
as thev would have a prospect of disposing of any stock, 
&c.» thev might raise, and an Asylum to fly to in case 

of danger. 

Shelter for great part of Odell's Corps is already 
prepared, and the rest might be put under cover in a 
ver\- short time* The Bluff is not thought unhealthy 
now, and when the Wood is cleared round it, it will 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I781. 385 

be still less so. Vegetables are to be got, though not 
in so great plenty as we could wish ; but a Market will 
naturally increase the supplies, and a Corps such as 
OdelFs; inured to the Climate by a residence of a few 
Months, may on a future occasion be of considerable 
Service. At present I see no immediate advantage 
to arise from their being placed here, except the 
Indians could be persuaded to act with them ; but that 
I confess I have no hopes of, their Sentiments on 
that head being pretty clear in the proceedings of the 
Treaty at Tebuppy. It is possible a Detachment of 
Odeirs Corps, were they sent here, might make an 
Excursion during the Good weather by Bluefields 
River to the Spanish Settlements and Alarm the In- 
habitants on the borders of the Lake — perhaps do 
some mischief — but that is all J conceive could be 
expected from them. I hope the reasons I have given 
will be thought sufficient by your Excellency for the 
delaying the execution of your Commands relative to 
the Provincial Corps till your further orders are trans- 
mitted. Capt. Macdonald, of the Volunteers, has my 
permission to go to Jamaica for his health ; and should 
I leave this before an answer is received, Capt. Davis, 
of the Volunteers, will succeed to the Command, who 
is an Active, Intelligent Officer, in whom I have 
placed some confidence, and have had occasion to be 
satisfied with his conduct. Should Major Odell's 
Corps be ordered here, the Transports that bring themi 
can carry the Sick and recovered Men ordered to Black 
River who may not be able to go in the first instance, 
with such Negroes as may then be spared to Rattan. 
All the Spaniards belonging to the Light Horse will 
be returned to Jamaica, their behaviour being such as 
to render the measure necessary ; and I shall direct 
the Officer Commanding to give those remaining of 
that Corps their discharges as soon as the Service at 
Black River will admit of it. There are about a Dozen 
Spanish Women and Children that were taken at St. 
John's Castle, whom it was intended to set at liberty 

VOL. II — 25 



386 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I 78 1. 

had we ever got possession of the Lake ; they will now 
be brought here, with the Garrison. If your Excel- 
lency thinks it proper, they may be sent to Matina with 
a Flag ; they are of no use now, and will only be an 
encumbrance. 

I enclose a Letter from Capt. Davis, by which your 
Excellency will see that Gentleman wishes to be 
removed to an old Corps. Capt. Macdonald also 
requests I would intimate his intentions of continu- 
ing in the Service with the like views ; he has shown 
great attention to his duty, and I think will make 
a steady, good Officer. 

I have the honour to be, &c., &c., &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 
To His Excellency Gen. Dulling. 



Bluefields, 19th. Jan., 1781. 

Friend and Brother : 

I received your Letter of the 8th. inst. Yesterday 
Evening, and am very sorry the Woolwas in com- 
merce with the Spaniards refuse to Pilot you up 
great River, which has occasioned you to lay aside 
your Expedition by that route, and to propose an At- 
tack upon Matina, which I apprehend cannot take 
place till the Norths are over, and that a small delay 
will not be of any disadvantage. In the meantime I 
hope to get as many Craft from St. John's Harbour 
as will be necessary for any future purpose. The re- 
port you have heard of all the Craft except six being 
lost is not true, and only spread by some designing 
Person to injure the King of England's business. I 
have sent Capt. Patterson for all the Crafts, and as 
soon as they come up, and we can tell whether yours 
is among those missing, She shall be either paid for 
or returned to you with the hire due for her. 

I am obliged to you, my good Brother, for your 
offers of Assistance to beat and destroy the Spaniards, 



DOCUMEN'TS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 78 1. 387 

and I am happy to find the great King of England 
and his Excellency the Governor have so good a 
friend as you are; and though I never had the 
pleasure of seeing you, or talking with you, yet I am 
glad to tell you that everybody says that you are a 
good man, a good friend to the English, and a brave 
Captain. The Negro Deserter is come here, but the 
Curasoa Man run away. I will send you a little rum, 
and have ordered your People to be paid twenty yards 
of Oznabrigs each, as you request. Your Craft Sails 
have been taken care of, and are now sent you by 
your Quarter Master. 

I apprehend your Men alone are too few for the 
Expedition against Matina and Carataga : consider 
what a number of Spaniards are in that Country; and 
though I believe you would Beat ten times your num- 
ber, still, a great many more might kill some of your 
People, which I should be very sorry for. Besides, I 
know Gov. Dalling wishes you to act up your own 
Rivers, in concert with your other friends, and I ex- 
pect his orders on that head soon. Col. Irving has 
sent all the Arms and Ammunition to different places 
on the Shore, and will bring you his Excellency the 
Governor's answer to my Letter — how and in what 
manner he wishes you to go to War. Col. Irving will 
also settle with the People who have built Pitpans 
agreeable to my former directions ; which Mr. Cairns 
can let you know the particulars of. Your People 
never asked me for Provisions that they did not get 
it, and as much as they could eat. Those that have 
complained will not say it was me that refused them, 
or that I knew they wanted. 

I send you ten Gallons of Rum as a token of my 
regard. Wishing you health and prosperity, I remain, 
Your Friend and Brother, &c., &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 
Colvil Brttotty Governor of 
Mosquito Indians. 



388 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE. 1781, 

Bluefields, 20th. January, 1781. 

Sir : 

Since closing my Letter of the i8th. I have re- 
ceived one from the Indian (Gov. Briton), which I 
have the honour to transmit for your Excellency's 
Perusal. My answer is as Civilly expressed as possi- 
ble, but waives his proceeding upon the Expedition he 
proposes till your Sentiments are known. 

When I proposed to accept the offer made by 
Messrs. Cairns and Thomson, of the Mosquito Men 
going against Matina, it was with a view of checking 
any idea the Spaniards might have entertained of At- 
tacking Cooke's Post ; but that being no more an 
object, perhaps it would be better they should Act up 
their own Rivers. 

Col. Irving has represented to me that he conceives 
an absence of four or five Weeks will not be of any 
prejudice to the Service ; that the beginning of March 
would be the properest time for the Indians to Act, 
and that he proposes in the meantime to proceed to 
Jamaica and lay before your Excellency the State of 
Indian Affairs. 

In justice to Capt. Dixon I beg leave to inform 
your Excellency that I have received great satisfaction 
from the manner in which he conducted himself dur- 
ing his Command of the Castle of St. John's. He was 
sensible everything in my power was done to forward 
Stores and comforts for his Garrison, and though they 
arrived much reduced from the inclemency of the 
Weather and other accidents, which would have caused 
some men to complain of hardships, he had steadiness 
enough to combat his numerous difficulties without 
repining and to exert himself for the best. 

I have the honour to be, &c., &c., &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 
To His Excellency Gen. Dalling. 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1781. 389 

Instructions to Capt. Brown, 6oth. Regiment, or Offi- 
cer Commanding a Detachment of His Majesty's 
Troops ordered to Black River. 

Bluefields, 30th. Jan., 1781. 

You will proceed, in the Vessel provided for the re- 
ception of the Troops under your Command, to Black 
River, on the Mosquito Shore, and on your arrival 
there you will acquaint Major Laurie, the Superinten- 
dent of the same, giving him a state of your Detach- 
ment that he may know their strength and condition, 
which you will continue to do from time to time, and 
regulate with him the mode of disposing of them for 
the greater safety and defence of the Country under his 
Command, as circumstances and the good of the Service 
may require. 

A quantity of Powder, &c., agreeable to the enclosed 
Return, are embarked on board your Vessels, which 
you are to dispose of as shall be thought best by you and 
the Superintendent, whom you will consult upon all 
public concerns. Provisions for your Detachment is 
likewise put on board your Vessels, which you will de- 
mand proper Store houses for the reception of, and 
order the Commissary to be careful that it is examined 
and put in the best condition to preserve it. 

You will be as expeditious as possible in getting your 
Troops into the best Quarters the Superintendent can 
procure for them ; should one place be esteemed more 
healthy than another, they should be lodged there, 
except when apprehension of an Enemy may make it 
Necessary to occupy Posts for the defence of the Settle- 
ment committed to the Superintendent's charge. 

Returns of your Detachment are to be sent to Head 
Quarters in Jamaica as often as opportunities offer, 
with Returns of Stores and Provisions, and all other 
information that may give a just State of your wants 
and the necessary supplies to be sent. 

Should you at anytime receive intelligence that may 
concern the Post at Bluefields, you are to communicate 
the same, as the nature of it may require, consulting the 



390 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 781, 

Superintendent on the degree of Credit to be given 
the information you may receive. You will keep up 
the strictest discipline among the Troops under your 
Command, give the most pointed Orders they do not 
interfere with the Inhabitants in any respect, and pre- 
vent irregularities of every sort. 

Your Ammunition should be frequently examined, 
and care taken that a quantity of Musket Cartridges 
are always ready in Store. 

As the Settlement of Black River has been threat- 
ened with an Attack from the Spaniards, it will be 
proper you should reconnoiter the place before you 
land ; and should the Enemy be in possession of the 
Settlement or have destroyed it, you having sufficient 
Authority for the same, and can be of no use by re- 
maining, you are then to proceed to the Island of 
Rattan, observing the like precautions, and, after hav- 
ing landed there, to send advice of the same by first 
conveyance to the Commander in Chief in Jamaica, 
awaiting his orders for your further Conduct. 

Stephen Kemble. 

Memorandum favoured by Brig.- Gen. Kemble. 

In December, 1779, encouraged by a Proclamation 
issued by His Excellency Gen. Dalling, I applied my- 
self to Raise a Company of Volunteers for an Intended 
Expedition, whirh, when Complete, I delivered to the 
Command of Major John MacDonald, and Applied for 
the Bounty Granted, to Enable me to Clothe my Com- 
pany, And their Advanced pay to the 24th. February, 
1780, to the Men to Equip them for Service. To this 
request, made Separately to Major and Capt. MacDon- 
ald as Commanding Officer and paymaster Appointed 
by himself, I never Received Any Satisfactory answer, 
and was at Last, from sudden Sailing Orders, obliged 
to Embark without Receiving any more than about 
;^50 — An Advance on my own Subsistence Account 
from the date of my Commission. 

I always Attributed these Delays in the payments 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I 78 1. 39I 

to What I was Informed (a Scarcity of Money, &c., in 
the hands of the Agent), and had no Apprehensions 
till I found in this Country that all Demands of the 
Corps had been Paid up to Major MacDonald previ- 
ous to the Sailing of the Expedition, And that Capt. 
Cooke was the Only Officer Who had received the 
Bounty, And pay, for the Men he had Enlisted. 

The Additional Circumstance of Capt. MacDonald's 
Bringing an Extra Quantity of Clothing, Selling those 
to each of the Captains that had not been paid, and 
Charging about 300 per Cent, advance, with a Sugges- 
tion that no Bounty ever had been granted, but an 
Advance, to be again Deducted from the Men's pay, 
was to be a fund for paying this Extravagant Account, 
awaked Apprehensions in me that there was Not 
Justice Intended ; And Capt. MacDonald also having 
Settled the Deficient Ration Account with the Com- 
missary of Provisions the Evening before he Sailed 
for Jamaica, without Mentioning a Word of it to me, 
Nearly Convinces me his Intention is to Handle as 
much Money As he Can, and Leave me (perhaps) to 
get it from him as I can. 

What I would request is, that Major and Capt. Mac- 
Donald pay up the Moneys they Received in January, 
1780, Immediately, And that Upon a Settlement with 
the Agent General the Whole of my Accounts With 
the Corps be paid up to the 24th. Feb., 1781. 

Edward Davis, Capt, 

Jamaica R. Volunteers. 

Bluefields, February 3d., 1781. 



Instructions to Capt. Davis, of the Jamaica Volunteers, 
or Officer Commanding his Majesty's Troops 
ordered to remain at Bluefields. 

Bluefields, 5th. February, 1781. 

The Post you are left in the Command of being of 
consequence to Government, as it protects the Mos- 



392 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 78 1^; 

quite Indians in this quarter from the Incursions of 
the Spaniards, and as a refuge for them to fly to in 
case of danger, may stimulate them to Acts of Hos- 
tility against the Enemy, and recommended as such by 
his Excellency Gen, Dalling, as you will perceive by 
the enclosed Extracts ; wherein his Excellency also di- 
rects such of the Provincial Officers and Privates as 
choose to remain and settle at Bluefields to be dis- 
charged, and provided with Arms, implements of hus- 
bandry, and Provisions ; but the situation of Affairs at 
present make it necessary to defer putting this part of 
his Excellency's orders in Execution till his further 
pleasure is known. 

You will therefore content yourself till further or- 
ders are received with using all possible dispatch in 
forwarding the Works began for the protection of 
your Troops and Stores, and as soon as tenable, to 
remove a proportion of Provisions, Ammunition, &c., 
into it, that you may be always prepared for defence 
in case of Attack 

Hogsheads or Barrels should be provided to put 
fresh Water in, as the distance you have to go for that 
necessary Article may subject you to difficulties in 
time of danger. 

Should his Excellency Gen. Dalling think proper to 
pursue his Plan of granting discharges to such Offi- 
cers and Privates of the Provincial Corps as may choose 
to settle here, the idea of having their Pay sent down 
to them (which I shall represent as an object of atten- 
tion) may induce many of them to remain on the spot, 
of which it would be proper you should inform them 
whenever this arrangement may take place. Returns 
of the Troops under your Command are to be sent to 
head Quarters in Jamaica as often as opportunities 
offer, with returns of Provisions, Artillery and Stores, 
&c., and all other information that may give a just State 
of Affairs and the necessary supplies to be sent. Should 
you at any time receive intelligence that may require 
to be communicated to Major Laurie, or Officer Com- 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I 78 1. 393 

manding the Troops at Black River, you are to forward 
the same as the Nature of the Service may point out. 

All demands of Craft lost in the Service, hire of the 
same, and hire of those that may be returned to the 
owners, are ordered to be sent to the Officer Com- 
manding at Bluefields, which you will transmit to Her- 
cules Ross, Esq., Agent General, with any remarks you 
may think proper to make on the same, either by your- 
self or by information you may receive from the Director 
of Crafts, Capt. Patterson ; to whom you will give the 
strictest orders to have all Crafts, Pitpans, or Dories 
belonging to Government taken the greatest care of 
and put in proper places to secure them and prevent 
them from being damaged or lost. A numb(*r of 
Crafts, Pitpans, &c., are left at St. John's Harbour, 
which would be a considerable loss to the Public if 
neglected entirely. I am therefore to desire you will 
take the first favourable occasion to send for them, as 
soon as the labour of the Negroes will admit of their 
absence. But as the loss of a number of Negroes would 
be more than equivalent of the Value of the Craft, This 
measure should not be attempted unless you are cer- 
tain of their safe return. Should a Ship of War come 
here, and the Officer Commanding be prevailed on to 
protect the Craft till they quit the Harbour, the oppor- 
tunity should not be lost. 

You will keep up the strictest discipline among the 
Troops under your Command, and by your example 
as well as influence prevail upon the Officers and 
Soldiers to Cultivate a good understanding with the 
Mosquito Indians, whose friendship it is the Com- 
mander in Chiefs direction should be courted upon all 
occasions, as well to Attach them to our interest, as to 
prevent them from tampering in any respect with the 
Spaniard. 

Capt. Patterson should be directed to give in as 
particular a Return as he can make out, of all Crafts, 
Pitpans, and Dories that have been employed upon 
the Expedition, to whom they belong, whether in use. 



394 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE. 1 78 1. 

lost, and at what time, or left at St. John's Harbour, 
which you will also transmit to the Agent General, 
with a separate Return of the Pitpan and Dories 
purchased for Government since the arrival of the 
Troops at this place. 

Mr. Shaw the Commissar)' will give you returns of 
the quantity of Provisions left in Store for the use 
of the Troops under your Command, and of what is to 
be sent to Jamaica when opportunities offer, to which 
your attention is necessary. Capt. Parke will give you 
a Copy of Artillery and Engineer's Stores left for 
those Departments, and Capt Rochat a Copy of the 
Quarter Master Generals Stores ; but you are not to 
make up or issue the blue Cloth intended for your 
Corps till you hear from Jamaica, unless you find it 
absolutely necessar}'. 

Should the Weather continue unfavourable, and you 
receive no Accounts from Capt. Patterson in the course 
of nine or ten days, it will be proper you should send a 
boat or two to his relief with a few barrels of Flour, and 
endeavour by every other means in your power to get 
intelligence of him, and the situation he is in. 

Mr. Shaw is ordered to Purchase a quantity of 
Oznabrigs as a deposit for public Services, such as 
payinij for Timber, Plank, &c., for the Works, and other 
occasional uses you may have on Government Account 
of which you will be as saving as possible. The Sick of 
the 60th. Regt. and Loyal Irish Corps left in Hospital 
are to be sent to Jamaica when opportunities offer. 

The Ser\'ice not requiring Mr. Fitzgibbons being 
continued any longer in the Crafts Department, you 
will therefore discharge him from the same on his 
arrival, and on his application to Mr. Johnston will be 
settled with by a Draft on the Agent General. 

All Artificers, &c., employed in Government Service 
not included in Capt Parke's list, are to be sent to 
Jamaica by the first opportunity, or discharged here at 

their own election. 

Stephen Kemble. 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, .1781. 395 

Bluefields Mosquito Shore 
6th. of Fiburary 1781. 
Sir : 

The following account is a relaition of what I am 
able to recolect respecting Captain Tods behaviour 
and Conduct during the time of my Command at St. 
Juans Castle and whom for the good of the Service I was 
oblidged to confine. Captain Tod arrived at the Castle 
on or about the 25th of November With dispatches from 
you to Captain Dixon (then Commanding officer at the 
Castle) and who Whent down the River a day or two 
after leaving me in the Command as the next officer. 
At this Time Mr. Fitzgibbon (who was entrusted With 
the Command of the Gun Boat Called the Germain) was 
then supposed to have been lost in going down the 
River Captain Tod knowing this offered his to Captain 
Dixon to Aid and assist in getting Up the Germain 
that Was droped down the River by Breaking loose. 
This Captain Dixon readily excepted of, Which Was 
the first instance of his essuming the Command of Ger- 
main Gun Boat, he got up the Germain and continued 
giving his directions' concerning her Uninterrupted 
Untill the 31st. of December A few days before Which 
Fitzgibbons Returned to the Castle, but as I thought 
Fitzgibbons : Would be very Usefull to me in the Craft 
Department and as Captain Tods management of the 
Germain had not As Yet given me Aney cause of Com- 
plaint (otherwise than loading her to deep and being 
desiourus of gitting : still more Stores on Board) this I 
did not consider of any consequence at the time as I 
entend pending Crafts down the River Which might as 
Well be loaded from the Germain as aney Where ells 
and thereby remedy that Foult It happened that Doc- 
ter Cooke came up to the Castle express With dispatches 
from you about publick Business, by Which dispatch 
You directed me to Give theCharore of the Germain to 
Mr. Fitzgibbons and no one ells (assigning for a Reason) 
that he knew the River best. I was desiourus of taking 
the advantage of Doctor Cooke's return to send down a 



< 



396 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I781. 

Craft load of Stores out of the Germain Which I con- 
sidered Would leighten the Germain considerable ; and 
this I considered a matter of great consequence as She 
Was leaking considerable and none but sick people on 
Board her to pump. I was on Board the night I sent 
the Craft to be loaded being the evening of the 30th 
December and perceived She had Very few things in 
her I therefore As soon as I got on Shore told 
Fitzgibbons to goe on Board the Germain and see 
that the craft alongside Was properly loaded to goe 
down the River Under the care of Doctor Cooke Fitz- 
gibbons accordingly Whent on Board early next morn- 
ing to see the Craft proper loaden Agreable to my 
Orders ; but Was prevented from putting any thing 
more into her by Captain Tod, Who showed a great 
desier of keeping every thing on board that Was then 
in the Germain and using every means in his power to 
get more things on Board her not Withstanding the 
great depth She lay in the Water and the impossibillity 
of keeping her cleare of Water Captain Tod there- 
fore Was the sole means of that Craft going down 
the River With not above a third of her loaden 
in. Captain Tod, soon after the Craft Whent away 
came to Breackfast With Mr. Despard and myself 
Which he often used to do When to my great surprise 
he asked me if I had spoke to Fitzgibbons about going 
down the River as Pilot to the Germain, To Which I 
made answer, When the Germain goes down the River 
it is Generall Kembles directions to me that Mr. Fitz- 
gibbons shall take Charge of her down the River, 
Captain Tod then told me that if I wanted aney thing 
out of the Germain to let him know for he intended 
to carry her down the River the next day nor could he 
see What Use She was of remaining at the Castle, 
at this time the Germain Was mutch too deeply loaden 
mad Water Very fast had neither anchor nor cable 
suffitiont to drop her down the River, nor had she 
either hands or provisions I told Captain Tod that 
the Germain should not move from Where She lay Un- 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 78 1. 397 

till I thought proper to Order her away. To this Cap- 
tain Tod replyed (in a Very essuming and impertinent 
manner,) that he commanded ; here and no one should 
stop him from carrying down the Germain for that he 
could loose the Roape and set her A drift, To this I 
made no replye but Wrote immediatly An Order to 
Fitzgibbons to goe on Board the Germain and take the 
Command of her Untill further orders, in a short time 
after I sent Fitzgibbons this Order, Captain Tod asked 
me if I had appointed Fitzgibbons to the Command of 
the Germain Over his head Without acquainting him 
of it, I told him I had appointed Fitzgibbons to take 
the Command of the Germain and that the manner 
in which he obliged me to do it did not require any 
Civillity of the kind further telling him that he had 
nothing whatever to do With the Germain, that he 
never had any appointment to her and that therefore 
I had only to thank him for the trouble he had taken 
in Fitzgibbons absence. Captain Tod replyed to this 
in a Very impertinent manner that I nor no Lieut, in 
the 60th Regiment Commanded him for that he had 
got the Governors Commission Which gave him the 
Rank of Captain and that he would do With the Ger- 
main Wat he pleased telling me I might send Fitz- 
gibbons on Board as a Pilot but he Would have the 
Command of her in spite of me or aney one Ells again 
desiering me if I wanted aney thing out of her that I 
might have them by applying to him and that I should 
only Bring myself into Trouble by appointing : Fitz- 
gibbons over his head which was a thing he would not 
Suffer. 

Captain Tod soon after this saw Fitzgibbon and told 
him to hold himself in readyness to goe down the River 
With him the next morning, This Fitzgibbons came 
and told me of when I deseired he would follow no 
orders but those he received from me, Fitzgibbons 
came to me again on the same day and told me that 
he had been on Board the Germain agreable to my 
Orders but could get no.Charge of her from Captain 



398 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I 78 1. 

Tod who obstructed every thing that he ordered to be 
done, telling him again to git ready to goe down the 
River next morning upon Which Captain Tod loosed 
her from Where She lay and hoisted his CouUers, The 
matter now I thought became serious : and in Order 
to prevent Captain Tod from carrying down the Ger- 
main (Which he Was about to do) in direct opposition 
to my orders, I was under the necessity of sending A 
fille of men to take Captain Tod prisoner from on Board 
the Germain and Bring him on Shore Which Was 
done I then sent Mr Fitzgibbons (Who had hitherto 
been prevented from excicuting my Orders by Captain 
Tod) on board the Germain to bring her immediatly 
Up to the place Where Captain Tod had loosed her 
from, This Conduct of Captain Tod's led me to believe 
he had some design to take away the Germain With- 
out aney intentions of Carrying her to the harbour, as 
a further proof of his having no good design in what 
he was about it Will be necessary' to inform you there 
Where two six pound Brass Guns lying in two Crafts 
Ready to be sent down the River Which he threw out 
of the Crafts into the Water and was therefore the 
means of those two Guns being left behind for the Want 
of roi)e, to Weigh them With Other Wise they cer- 
tainly Would have been sent down the River provided 
on examination the Crafts had been found suffitiont ; 
Captain Tod will no doubt say that the Crafts Where 
good for nothing particularly as he had turned two 
adrift Without my knowledge saying that they where 
good for nothing, but What can he say when I affirm 
as a truth that one of the Crafts which he had turned 
adrift from the Castle, Was picked Up by Mr. Despard 
in his Way to the harbour. Who tooke Out three tunn 
Wcii^ht out of the Germain put it into this Craft and 
WIumU down to the Rivers mouth With her, and this 
Vory Craft proved to be more Use to Us than any 
other Wee had with Us. 

Mr. Despard Was present When the most of this 
happened and Was a Witness to a vast deal of Captain 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I781. 399 

Tods impertinence, inclosed are three papers Which 
Where brought to me by the persons Who's names are 
there mentioned which may serve to show you the 
manner in which my orders were treated I had fre- 
quently told Captain Tod that I expected he Would 
make up a sufficient number of Ball Cartrages for the 
Germains Guns and to have her in every respect ready 
for action for fear the Ennemy should attempt to cut us 
off from Our boats this however he payed no sort of 
attention to but still continued desirous of getting more 
stores on Board though there was mutch more in her at 
this time than she was able to carry I hope you will 
be of opinion that what I have could not be avoided 
as flatter myself it was done for the good of the service. 
I have the honor to remain with Greatest respect, Sir, 
Your most obedt. and Very humble Servt., 

Geo. Brown, Lieut. 6oth Regiment. 
To Brig, 'Gen. Kemble. 

(Enclosures.) 

31st. December, 1780. at 6 o'Clock Gerald Fitz- 
Gibbon Went on board the Germain by Order of the 
Commanding officer of St. John's Castle to Load a 
Craft bound down the River, but was hindered by 
Capt. Todd ; at 9 o'Clock went on board in Order to 
take Command, but Capt. Todd would not Deliver 
the Command as per Order of the Commanding offi- 
cer, Declairing he would Loose his life first, and that 
he would not obeay the Commanding officer s orders, 
and that he was Commanding officer of this pleace 
himself, as Also that he was Supperer to any Left, 
in the Army, and tliat if Mr, Brown Did not Know 
it he, the said Todd, would let him Know it. 

Present at the time, Gerald FitzGibbon, Corpl. 
Sayers, Since Sergt. Sayers. 

Endorsed. (First paper of FitzGibbon's). 

On or about the 27th. December, 1780, Capt. Todd 
Ordered a dorey for Oranges and plantains without 



400 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 78 1. 

Liberty of the Commanding officer. On Enquiry 
said Todd made Mention that Mr. Brown should ask 
his liberty ; that he, the said Todd, was Commanding 
officer. These transactions happened on board the 
Germain. Thos. Sayers. 

John Wilson. 

Dec. 31st. at about 12 Gerald FitzGibbon was 
Ordered on board the Germain the Second time, in 
Order to take Charge to hale her to her proper Sta- 
tion, and there to Moor her, as then She Lay in the 
Current and in Danger of going adrift, fideng but with 
two rotten roaps, but Mr. Todd still refused even that 
I should Move her without his Liberty, and that I was 
to follow his Derection and Instroction, Otherwise he, 
the said Todd, would not let her be moved from where 
She then Lay*d, with which he Drew out An Instrument 
of writing, presenting to Me, on which I refused take- 
ing, telling him that I was to follow no other but the 
Commanding officer's instructions. He, the Said 
Todd, made Answer that he was Commanding offi- 
cer, and that he would Sooner loose his Life than his 
Authority, and also mentioned that he would go down 
the River the Next day, and Desired Me to get men 
for that purpose, Saying that Every person in the 
River was Under him, and if I Chused to go down 
the River that he would Deliver the Command to me 
at the River's Mouth, and that I was to follow his 
Directions and Not Mr. Brown's, on which I refused 
the Said Todd's Orders. 

Witnesses : Gerald FitzGibbon, 

John Wilson, 
Thos. Sayers.. 

Endorsed (Second Paper of FitzGibbon.) 

When I went on Board the Germain by Order of 
the Commanding Officer With a Guard to fetch Mr. 
Todd on Shore, he then went into the Cabbin. I told 
him I was sent by the Commanding Officer to Fetch 
him on Shore ; he then asked me who the Command- 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I781. 4OI 

ing Officer was ; I then told him it was Lieut. Brown, 
of the 60th. Regiment ; he then said he was Command- 
ing Officer; I said I never understood he had the 
Command, but the orders I received from Lieut. 
Brown I would obey; he then Desired I Should show 
him my orders in Writing ; I then Made answer that 
the Orders I received was a verbal Order from Lieut. 
Brown, and that I came in Consequence of that 
Order ; he then said he would not Come on Shore 
Unless he was brought by force, and that I might 
Depend upon it he would make Lieut. Brown and 
me Suffer for it, and insisted he should be handed 
out, which was done by one of the Guard that was 
sent for him ; on Comming away from the Boat he De- 
sired he might haye his small sword with him, Upon 
which I took his small sword (which he wanted from 
me), but I refused to give it to him, and Left it in 
Charge of the Guard. 

James Coughran, Acting Serjeant- Major. 

Patt McNamara, Corporal. 

Patt Burke. 
St. John's Castle, 31st. Dec, 1780. 



Sir : 

In consequence of your instructions to Capt. 
Dixon for Destroying St. John's Castle, which he 
received about the middle of December, last (1780), he 
immediately ordered me to put them in execution by 
every possible means ; but it was the 18th. following 
before the Negroes could be spared from bringing up 
the Germain to her former station, and from whence 
she had been driven by the Flood to work at the 
mines ; but so soon as that necessary business was 
completed I set all hands to work at Sinking shafts 
of mines in different parts of the Rampart, twenty of 
which were on the ist. of January following ready for 
loading and springing. Accordingly, on the 2d. of 
January, I sprung two mines in the North Curtain, 
which carried away the Rampart from the foundation 

VOL. II — 26 



402 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 78 1. 

for the space of 36 feet, destroyed the right flank of 
the North West Bastion, and carried away a consider- 
able part of the foundation of the Tower, which Build- 
ing is also split from Top to Bottom. 

The day following being the third of January, the 
Spaniards made their appearance, and Lieut. Browne 
ordered me to load as many of the Mines as could be 
completed by 12 o'Clock that night, the hour appointed 
by him for withdrawing the Garrison. I therefore set 
about preparing the Tower Shaft for springing, and 
likewise one of those in the Middle of the Southern 
Curtain, which were both complete by the appointed 
time, and the Troops having embarked, I set fire to 
the fuses, and proceeded down the River. I cannot 
speak with accuracy as to the effects of these two 
Mines; but having gone up from the Lookout Island 
on the 5th. following to the Castle in order to recon- 
noitre the Ruins, I perceived that the Tower was rent 
in several places and dispersed about the Fort. The 
Governors house with the Southern store thrown 
down, and a large Bulk of Masonry carried down the 
Glaces of the Southern front, which I suppose to be 
part of the Rampart opposite thereto. 

I am. Sir, Your most obedient, Humble Servant, 

E. N. Despard, Chief Engineer. 

Endorsed. Mr. Despard*s account of having destroyed 
St. Juan's. 



Jamaica, 20th. April, 1781. 
Gentlemen : 

r^ncloscd you will receive a State of the Accoutre- 
nuMits of 1st. Battalion, 60th. Regiment, agreeable to 
a survey in December last, with a Return of Arms on 
24th. same month, and a Clothing Certificate for the 
year i 780. 

I have the honour to be, &c., &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 

7\) Afvssrs. Gray and Ogzlvie, Agents, 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 78 1. 403 

Jamaica, 24th. April, 1781. 

Gentlemen : 

I am to acknowledge the receipt of your Letters of 
22d. March, 1780, and 7th. Feb., 1781. The Accoutre- 
ments of the Battalion are examined from time to 
time, and all possible care taken of them, but we 
suffer much in our appearance for the want of being 
uniform. 

My health requiring a Change of Air, I have many 
affairs to be adjusted by Col. Prevost, who I hope 
will acquaint you of his having found a purchaser for 
Mr. Priddie's Ensigncy, by the time the Packet sails. 

Enclosed is a Return of Arms and Accoutrements 
lost on the Spanish Main, and I think, injustice to the 
Colonel of the Battalion, application should be made ' 
to Government to make these losses good, the nature 
of the Service and every other consideration pleads 
strongly in the Colonel's favour. Had the whole of 
the regiment gone on that fatal Expedition, they would 
most probably have met with a similar fate to those 
that did go, and where these heavy losses arise from 
unavoidable accidents, and not from any neglect, the 
attention of Government will not be withheld. 

You have also enclosed the proceedings of a Court 
of Enquiry on the Clothing lately received from 
England. 

I have the honour to be, &c., &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 

71:? Messrs. Gray and Ogilviey Agents. 



Spanish Town, 9th. May, 1781. 
Gentlemen : 

I am to acquaint you that Lieut. Palmer has 
given in a Memorial, to Sell his Commission, and 
Ensign Brownrigg is Recommended by the Governor 
to Succeed to the Lieutenancy ; but should there be 
any delay in Money matters. Ensign Coghlan is the 
next for Purchase, and beg he may be immediately 



404 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 78 1. ' 

recommended for it, provided his Money is lodged in 
your hands. Mr. William James Stevenson, a Gen- 
tleman of an unexceptionable Character, is Approved 
of and recommended to succeed to Mr. Priddie's En- 
signcy ; and as soon as he, or any other Gentleman on 
his part, has lodged in Your Hands the Amount of 
Mr. Priddie's Bills, drawn in favour of Major Phillips, 
you will then forward the Resignation of Mr. Priddie 
in favour of Mr. Stevenson with all dispatch. Lieut. 
Palmer has agreed that his Ensigncy shall be sold 
for whatever it will bring after the expiration of three 
months, but it must not go for less than Three Hun- 
dred Guineas prior to that time being elapsed. I 
have advanced him ;^39, 5, 2 1-2 Sterling, to extri- 
cate him out of some difficulties ; and when his Com- 
mission is sold, I must beg you will Credit my Account 
with that Sum, as I have his Obligation for that pur- 
pose. Should any Bills be presented to you Drawn by 
Mr. Palmer, on account of the sale of his Commission, 
you will pay them, as far as the Money left in Your 
hands will go ; should there be any Balance coming to 
him after that, you will please to acquaint me with it 
by the earliest opportunity. 

And am. Gentlemen, &c., &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 
To Messrs. Gray and Ogilvte, Agents, 



Spanish Town, 25th. May, 1781. 

Sir : 

In consequence of a Note from Mr. Secretary 
Barry of the ist. inst,, acquainting me it was your Ex- 
cellency's desire to see my Journal of the Expedition 
to St. Juan's Castle, I have the honour to send you 
the following for your perusal, being the most circum- 
stantial account I am able to give of my proceedings, 
and that liable to errors ; as it is taken from a few 
Memorandums only, my health having been so much 
interrupted from time to time as to render it impossi- 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 78 1. 405 

ble for me to keep a regular and exact Journal. But 
in Order that your Excellency may be as fully informed 
as possible, I shall begin this Narrative from my ar- 
rival at the Harbour of St. Juan's on the 20th. April, 
1 780, not anything having happened during the Pas- 
sage from Jamaica that requires to be inserted. 

St. Juan s Harbour y April 21st., lySo. Having re- 
ceived information by letter from the Store keeper of 
Artillery to Capt. Thomson of the Ship Horatio, that 
Col. Poison was before the Castle of St. Juan and in 
want of four pound round Shot, I embraced a very 
handsome offer from Capt. Fotheringham, of the 
Navy, to forward such Troops and Stores as I should 
think proper to send up the River by the Boats of the 
Kings Ships, not one Boat belonging to the Expedi- 
tion being then at the harbour ; A Detachment of 
Troops, a quantity of Stores, and two 5 1-2 inch How- 
itzers were accordingly ordered to be got in immediate 
readiness for River Service, but it was the 23d. before 
they proceeded, owing in a great measure to heavy 
rains. 

Acquainted Col. Poison by Letter that I had not a 
boat to proceed up the River, and that I could not 
move without his assistance. 

April 22d, Landed with the Engineer and fixed 
upon a spot to erect a Battery for the defence of the 
Harbour, agreeable to the first paragraph of my 
instructions. 

April 24th. In the Evening Capt. Thomson of the 
Black River Company arrived from the Castle for pro- 
visions, was dispatched on his return the next day. 

April 28th. In the morning Mr. Shaw the Commis- 
sary arrived from the Castle with nine Craft for Pro- 
visions, whicli set off on their return in the evening. 
Mr. Shaw left the Castle on the 25th.; there were then 
only seven days' short allowance remaining for the 
Troops under Col. Poison's command. 

May 2d, Wrote to Col. Poison to order two Officers 
in Arrest for quilting their Detachments on the River. 



406 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I 78 1. 

May jd, to jth. Several parties of Indians came 
down the River, having quit Col Poison in a clandes- 
tine manner. The Spanish Garrison arrived at the har- 
bour, escorted by a small Detachment of Troops, and the 
remainder of the Indians, who were sickly, dispirited, 
and appeared to be discontented ; understood they 
intended goinqr off to a Man, with their Craft (A Boat 
used by the Mosquito Indians), some of which I was 
under a necessity of seizing to carry on the Service. 
Major Dalr\mple and myself employed every means 
in our power to retain them, but to no . effect ; they 
received your presents, gave you fair words in the day, 
and deserted at night. The total defection of the 
Indians left me no Alternative, and I was obliged to 
employ Soldiers to Navigate boats heavy loaden with 
Provisions and Stores ; but my Letters to your Excel- 
lency of the 24th. April, 4th. and 5th. May, and 7th. 
May to Briij.-Gen. Campbell, are explicit on these as 
well as other subjects, and my opinion that Negroes 
would be necessary- to carry on the Service fully. 

JAn* Sti. Having settled all business at the Harbour 
in thr Ix^st manner I was able, set off for the Castle, 
Kwvinc Major Dalrvmple to forward the Boats with 
Provisions* stores. &c.. &c. 

^l^\ lith. Passed the Germain armed Vessel 
V^rt^somblini^: a Raddeau^ about 36 Miles from the Har- 
Knir» the difficulty of getting her on represented to be 
very i:reat from the rapidity of the current. 

Sh\ : ^tk. Arrived at the Castle, and found every- 
thiuv^ in disorder from the Sickly state of Troops, not 
havin-: rt^lief for the necessary Guards. 

\L\\ ::':h. Ordered all the Plank, Timber, &c., in 
and abv>ut the Castle to be reserved for public use, 
fort soeinc the service we should have fof it, and the 
im{H>ssibility of getting more. The Officers Col. Pol- 
svM\ was i^alored to p\it in Arrest, having made an 
Aix^Kv^y tv>r leaving their Detachments, were released. 
Mr. Wright, an l^rVicer in the Indian Department, was 
orvloiAvl to prvKced to the head of the River, examine 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 78 1. 4O7 

the adjacent borders of the Lake, and bring the fullest 
information in his power of everything that merited his 
attention. 

May f/th, to igth. Employed in looking into ths 
state of matters in general and giving such direction 
as appeared to me most conducive \p the good of the 
Service. The Sickly of the Troops increasing, I was 
obliged to reduce the Guards to almost nominal. 

May 20th. Mr. Wright returned from the head of 
the River, and reported his having seen two Vessels 
at a distance in the Lake, but no appearance of the 
Enemy taking Post at the head of the river. 

May 2§ih. Was informed the Germain armed 
Vessel had got to the Falls, and immediately dispatched 
Capts. Thomson and Patterson with some rope and 
thirty Men to assist in getting her over them. 

May 26th. to Jiine 2d, Was in so violent a Fever as 
to be incapable of business of any sort. 

June jd. to gth. Mr. Shaw the Commissary and 
Capt. Collins, arrived from the Harbour, and informed 
me that I might expect Craft with. Troops and Pro- 
visions, but that they found great difficulty from in- 
experience, sickness, &c., to get on. Our supplies 
arriving but slowly, and having but too much reason 
to apprehend a scarcity of Provisions, I ordered two- 
thirds allowance only to be issued, and to lessen the 
consumption sent a number of the sick to the Harbour. 
The Lord Germain arrived at the Castle ; her move- 
ments since she got to the Falls were much facilitated 
by the presence and attention of Major MacDonald, 
who voluntarily offered his services on the occasion. 
Continued so much disordered as to be capable of lit- 
tle or no business. The Troops so sickly that some 
Corps had scarcely a Man for duty, and the few Guards 
we had obliged to remain two or three days before they 
could be relieved ; Ordered Capt. Colvil of the 79th. 
Regt. to the Harbour to take charge of the Sick, with 
directions to use every means in his power to get 
them fresh Provisions and every other comfort. Capt. 



408 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1781. 

Thomson of the Black River Company was at the 
same time ordered to the harbour, to direct in the 
Craft Department, having observed how necessary it 
was to have a Person there experienced in the Navi- 
gation of the river to procure Guides, &c., &c. 

Ju7ie nth, Tl^e Germain armed Vessel was got 
over the rapids at the Castle, and the few Carpenters 
able to work employed in repairing her ; the Master 
then promised to have her ready for service in seven 
or eight days. Ordered Lieut. Despard, the Engi- 
neer, to the head of the River, to make his observa- 
tions on the Country, &c., &c. 

June ijlh. The Engineer returned and informed me 
the Spaniards had taken Post at the head of the river. 

June 14th. The Engineer and Capt. Davis, of the 
Jamaica Volunteers, left the Castle in the evening for 
the head of the river, to get every possible intelligence 
of the Enemy's situation, strength, &c., &c. 

Ju7ie i^tk, to 20th. Ensign Plees, of 60th. Regi- 
ment, arrived with a large boat intended to be armed, 
but we had not Carpenters to work on her ; and, not- 
withstanding the unremitted attention of Majors Dal- 
rymple and MacDonald, the repairs of the Germain 
went on but slowly, though every Carpenter able to 
work was employed. The Officers and Soldiers that 
came from the harbour from time to time were so re- 
duced by sickness that it was with the utmost difficulty 
they got to the Castle, to which, and the ignorance of 
many in the management of boats, must be ascribed 
the great loss of Stores, Provisions, &c. 

Jti7ie 2 1st, The Engineer and Capt. Davis returned 
from the head of the river, and reported their having 
seen two Vessels moored in the entrance of the river, 
apparently armed, and supposed to be about 60 tons 
each ; that the Spaniards were busily employed on a 
Redoubt, which was in great forwardness, and an Ab- 
battis, or Trees felled at all angles to the point of the 
River. Sent 21 Men to the falls to assist some Craft 
over. 



i 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 78 1. 4O9 

Report of Capt. Davis. 
Received June 21, 1780. 

On the 1 5th. June, at 11 o'Clockat night, arrived at a 
small Creek, where we hauled up our dory and pitpan, 
and next morning Proceeded to Cut a path thro* the 
woods, the party then consisting of 1 1 Men and a Ser- 
jeant, Directed by Mr. Despard, Engineer, Continued 
cutting the Path all that and the next day, which I sup- 
pose to be about a Mile in length, & on the 19th. I ad- 
vanced with one Man, making the smallest trace I could ; 
at 12 o'clock the Man (from the top of an High Tree) 
acquainted me he saw the Enemy. 

I immediately Climbed to the top, and Discovered a 
Schooner & Sloop, moored as laid down in the annexed 
Sketch. In the Schooner, I think I observed four Port 
Holes in her side, but no Guns out ; in the Sloop three, 
with one Gun on each side. On an Eminence 60 feet 
perpendicular from the Surface of the Water, and just 
at the Point, I saw the Enemy Busily Employed in 
erecting a Battery, Parapets composed of Logs filled with 
Earth ; that side of the Hill facing ye River appears to 
be well Defended by an Abbattis, or trees felled at all 
angles to the Point, where there Seems to be a passage 
or Communication with ye River. The whole inclosure 
on the East Side is made up of an Indifferent fence of 
Poles and Stoccadoes. 

The Ground on the opposite side from where I ob- 
served the Enemy is all Marshy & low, but not in my 
Opinion altogether Impassable for Cannon. On the 
20th. I went nearer the Enemy, and Searched around for 
high or firm ground attended by one Man, the party 
then Consisting of 3 Men I ordered to Remain at a Cer- 
tain Spot till my Return or they heard from me, and 
Continued to make my observations, But found at my 
Return they were gone ; when I came up to Mr. Des- 
|)ard & found they had not come to him, I dispatched 
four Men in search of them who at 11 o'Clock at Night 
Returned Without any account ot them. I immediately 



410 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I781. 

.j9 




DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I781. 4II 

ordered the Men to bring the dory and Embarked the 
Remainder of the Party with Mr. Despard Myself, ap- 
prehending the consequence of Desertion ; Leaving 
however a Pitpan and 3 Paddles, in case this had not 
been the Case, to Enable them to Return. 

Edward Davis, Capt. J. R. V. 



June 2 2d, Mr. Shaw the Commissary proceeded 
to the harbour for the greater dispatch of Provisions, 
that essential article beginning to fall so short as to 
alarm me ; empowered him to send Persons to Nego- 
tiate with the Indians (Mosquito Indians, who had 
returned Home greatly dissatisfied), furnish them 
presents, and to procure Men to Navigate the Craft 
upon any terms. 

June 24th. to 26th, Capt. Mcintosh, of the Ger- 
main armed Vessel, having appeared very deficient in 
his duty, Major MacDonald was appointed to superin- 
tend and take the Command of her upon all occasions 
where he should find it necessary. 

Jtine 26th, The Germain proceeded up the river, 
though not in the best condition ; but as everything we 
could think of was put on board her, I hoped she 
would soon be in tolerable order. The Carpenters 
were then employed in repairing the Craft and com- 
pleting a Gunboat that was in hand before the Ger- 
main arrived. Meditated upon quitting the Castle 
and falling down to the harbour with the Majority of 
the Troops, on account of the scarcity of Provisions, 
and uncommon sickness that prevailed; but the posses- 
sion of the Lake being an object of such great impor- 
tance, I determined to risk everything to accomplish it. 

Ju7ie 2gth. Sent Capt. Lamb to the Falls to know 
Why the Craft were detained ; was informed a number 
of the Black River Necrroes ordered to their assistance 
had deserted, taking off one of our most useful boats, 
which occasioned the delay ; and necessity obliging us 
to press these People Vw'ith constant labour, they de- 



412 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I781. 

serted fast, or if ever suffered to go to the harbour 
never returned. We were now reduced to seven days 
Provisions at two-thirds allowance, but I depended 
upon the Abilities and Activity of Messrs. Shaw and 
Thomson that the Troops would not want. Much 
rain for some days past, and every appearance of the 
wet season having set in. 

June joth. to July 2d, Seven Craft arrived from 
the falls, most of them thirty odd days on the river, 
and great part of their Provisions damaged from con- 
stant rains. Wrote Mr. Shaw to let me know the 
situation of affairs relative to the transportation of 
Provisions from the Harbour with all expedition, that 
I might take measures to preserve the lives of the 
Troops, and to hold the Castle, which I then feared I 
should be oblij^ed to abandon. 

July jd. Was greatly relieved at the receipt of a 
Letter from Sir Alexander Leith, informing me of his 
arrival at the harbour with a Corps of Batteaux Men, 
and that no time should be lost in forwarding Provis- 
ions. The Detachment of the 60th. and 79th. Regi- 
ments were ordered to proceed up the river to assist 
the Germain over the rapids, if necessary, but not an 
Officer of either of those Corps able to proceed with 
them. 

July 6th, Sir Alexander Leith arrived at the Castle 
ill of a fever ; assured me I should receive one hundred 
and thirty barrels of Provisions by his Corps, and that 
his first division of boats might be expected the day 
following at the Falls. 

July yt/i. The Troops having been victualled to 
the 8th inclusive, the repairs of the Craft completed, 
the n(iccssary Stores put on board, with six days' Pro- 
visions (all we had ), the whole proceeded up the river, 
in all 250, one hundred of which were convalescents, 
but turned out with alacrity, and showed a spirit that 
did them honour. 

• July Sth, Proceeded up the river myself, and w^as 
astonished to find the Germain scarcely through the 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 78 1. 413 

rapids. Was informed she had Grounded, and was 
extricated from the Rocks only the Night before by a 
considerable rise of Water. 

Sir Alexander Leith's health not permitting him to 
proceed, he was left to Command at the Castle. Capt. 
Poison, two days only out of a fever, the only Officer 
with me in the staff line or to assist me upon any occa- 
sion. Violent rains all the latter part of this day and 
Night. 

July gth. Pushed forward to where the easy-running 
Waters commence, and fixed upon Ground to Encamp 
on. 

July loth. Having observed that some of the Craft 
would require assistance to pass the rapids, Capt. Col- 
lins was ordered to their Aid with spare hands and a 
small supply of Provisions. The Germain proceeded 
up the River. The Troops in Camp victualed to I2lh. 
inclusive. 

July nth. Being so very short of Provisions, I de- 
termined to remain for supplies, especially as the great 
object was surmounted (that of getting over the rapids) ; 
recommended it to the Troops to be careful of their 
Provisions, as they might be obliged to live a day ex- 
traordinary on what they had received. 

July I2tk. Directed the Officer Commanding the 
Germain to remain where he was till further orders. 
Dispatched a Pitpan (resembling an Albany Canoe) to 
the Castle upon a report that Provisions were arrived 
there. Major Dalrymple returned from the Germain 
ill of a fever, and proceeded to the Castle. The Offi- 
cers in general ill. Sent several to the Castle, as well 
as sick Soldiers. We were then reduced to two days' 
short allowance of Flour, but more Pork. Much rain 
these two days past. 

July ijtk. The Pitpan returned from the Castle 
with a Puncheon of Rum, but no Provisions. Was 
mortified to hear from Sir Alexander Leith that the re- 
port of its arrival was false. The Troops at the Castle 
subsisted a dav or two about this time on Indian Corn, 



414 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 781. 

and those in Camp this day extra on what they re- 
ceived the loth. 

J7ily 14th. Issued one day's Provision at short 
allowance. Distributed Powder and Shot to Men of 
each Corps to kill Monkey, etc., as well to divert their 
thoughts as to procure some small addition to their 
scanty fare. Went to inspect the Germain ; supposed 
her to be about eight miles above the Encampment. 

July i^tk. Issued one day's Provision. A Pitpan 
from the Castle ; but to my inconceivable disappoint- 
ment, she brought Indian Corn only, and that full of 
Weavles. Capt. Davis returned from ' viewing the 
Enemy's works at the head of the River, and informed 
me the Vessels were in almost the same position as be- 
fore ; that the Spaniards were hard at work, and the 
Redoubt appeared to be near complete. 

July i6th. Issued one day's Provision. The Troops 
received Corn instead of Flour. Removed my Encamp- 
ment about two miles higher up the River. 

J7ily ijth. Having still a residue of Pork, was en- 
abled to distribute as the dav before. Received three 
Barrels of Flour and one of Pork — the first supply I had 
from Sir Alexander Leith's Batteaux Corps, but far 
short of what was necessary to enable me to proceed 
up the River, and served to victual the Troops as fol- 
lows : For i8th. and 19th., four Ounces of Pork, six 
of Flour, and a pint of Corn ; 20th., Two ounces of Pork, 
nine of Flour, and half a pint of Corn. An almost gen- 
eral indisposition among the Officers, and the Soldiers 
falling off fast. 

Jiily 1 8 til. Impatient at not receiving a supply of 
Provisions sufficient to enable me to proceed, and de- 
sirous of knowing the true state of affairs, I ordered 
Capt. Poison to the Castle, from whose steadiness and 
knowledge I had reason to expect a just and impartial 
account. Went to inspect the Germain in the morning ; 
found her much improved and in tolerable good order. 

July 20th. and 21st. Major MacDonald and Capt. 
Davis proposed attempting to surprise the Vessels at 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1781. 4l5 

the head of the River — an idea I had entertained ; and 
coming from Officers who pretended to know a little 
of Sea affairs, I instantly entered into their scheme. 
Issued two days* Provision, but my Memorandums do 
not explain when received, though some small supply 
must have come from the Castle to enable me to do it. 
Capt. Davis in his way to the Castle surprised a canoe 
with three Indians and as many Spaniards (Deserters 
from the Legion), who were on their way to the Post 
at the head of the River ; and though the Deserters 
were taken, all our entreaties and offers of presents to 
bring the Indians to an interview were ineffectual. 

July 22d. Capt. Poison returned from the Castle 
with three Barrels of Flour, five of Pork, and one of 
Herring (which, on calculation, would only serve seven 
or eight days at short allowance), and acquainted me it 
was all I had a right to expect for some time ; that one 
boat belonging to Sir Alexander Leith's first Division 
was missing, and his second Division not even heard of ; 
that the waters were very much raised, and the difficulty 
of the Navigation increased so much that he was appre- 
hensive of the consequences, and that they had not 
above three or four days' Provisions left at the Castle. 
Sent the sick to the Castle, and ordered everything to 
be in readiness to move the next morning, with a view 
of surprising the Vessels if I could do no more. 

July 2jd. Lieut. Despard, our only Engineer, hav- 
ing been left sick at the Castle, joined me Yesterday 
with Capt. Poison, and proceeded this day to recon- 
noiter the Spanish Post, in order that a mode of attack 
might be formed, but the Weather being very bad I 
could not move the Troops without subjecting them to 
great inconveniencies. The Troops received three days' 
Provisions to 2 5th. inclusive. 

July 2^th, Proceeded forwards about nine Miles, 
and within eight of the Spanish Post, as computed by 
those that had been at the Lake, leaving the Germain 
two miles in our rear, the wind not permitting her to 
move, and encamped, thinking it improper to proceed 



4l6 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I781. 

further without the Germain ; during the course of the 
day reflected upon the scheme of boarding the Vessels, 
and laid it aside in my own mind, not having boats pro- 
per for the purpose and the situation of the Vessels 
such as to make it impossible to come upon them by 
surprise. In the evening the Engineer returned, and 
informed me he had been able to get a good view of 
the Redoubt ; that it was strong and appeared to be 
completely finished ; that it was capable of holding be- 
tween two and three hundred men ; that two Armed 
Vessels were moored across the River and defended 
the entrance into the Lake, which Vessels were from 
the narrowness of the Channel protected even by Mus- 
ketry from the Redoubt ; that the Attack of the Re- 
doubt from the River must be very disadvantageous to 
the Assailants, and the access thereto covered by a 
strong Abbattis from the edge of the river to the foot of 
the Hill ; that he was discovered by a Canoe of the 
Enemy's and the Alarm given ; of course, no prospect 
of surprising them ; and giving it as his opinion that in 
the present situation of affairs the Attack of either Re- 
doubt or Vessels would be throwing away Lives without 
a probability of success. All these things considered, 
with the weak state of the Troops, having scarcely 
eighty Men for duty ; the alarming prospect of a total 
want of Provisions, only five or six days' short allow- 
ance left ; from the increasing rains and rapidity of the 
Current ; from the sickness of the Officers, having but 
three or four fit for duty. Major MacDonald much re- 
duced by an Ague, Capt, Poison lame, and in a fever 
myself; with the necessary caution to preserve a sufficient 
quantity of Provisions to subsist a Garrison to be left at 
the Castle, till more could be sent, — determined me to 
return the next day, a step much approved by Major 
MacDonald, Capt. Poison, and every Officer to whom I 
thought proper to disclose my intentions. 

July 2^th. Returned to the Castle and ordered the 
Germain to take her position below the rapids till further 
orders ; was so extremely ill that the Surgeon did not 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I 78 1. 417 

think It proper to remove me from my boat for the 
Night. 

July 26th, Upon inquiry I found Sir Alexander 
Leith had not Provision left to serve the Troops at the 
Castle one day, and no prospect of more coming up the 
River ; ordered a large Detachment of sick to proceed 
to the Harbour immediately, and the rest to follow as 
fast as possible. 

July 2ytk. Ordered the Troops to be inspected by 
the Surgeon-General, and the names of one hundred 
and fifty of the most healthy to be given me, being the 
number intended to be left in Garrison. 

July 28th. Having wrote to Sir Alexander Leith, 
when up the River, to send a Pitpan (left expressly 
with him) to the Harbour if Provisions could not be got 
nearer, was astonished at her returning this day with 
the Master Carpenter and others from the Falls, but 
without an ounce of Provisions. Alarmed at so serious 
a disappointment, I had recourse to Capt. Lamb's assi- 
duity and knowledge of the River, who was instantly 
ordered down for a load of Flour, and to whose industry 
the preservation of the Castle at that time may be 
ascribed. 

July 2gth. to jist. Having completed my instruc- 
tions for Sir Alexander Leith, and settled matters in 
the best manner the situation of affairs would admit, 
I proceeded on my way to the Harbour and lay at 
Isle Bartholo, or Lookout Island, from whence Sir Alex- 
ander Leith was wrote to, to send for three Spanish 
Craft that lay there, supposed to have gone adrift from 
the Castle, and would be of Infinite use to him should 
he be obliged for want of Provisions to quit the place. 
He had then at least ten days' allowance for his Gar- 
rison, at six ounces of Pork and a quart of Corn per 
Man, besides a large quantity of Plantains and Bananas 
collected by my order and distributed to the Troops. 

August 1st, In passing the Rapids I was fortunate 
enough to save eleven Men from perishing, whose Craft 
had been wrecked on the rocks. 

VOL. 11—27 



4l8 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1781. 

August 2d. Met Capt. Lamb on his return to the 
Castle, who had gone to Cooke s Post, within fifteen or 
sixteen miles of the Harbour, before he could get Pro- 
visions, not one boat being then on the River ; pro- 
ceeded to Cooke's Post where I remained for the Night ; 
received dispatches from Jamaica of 23d. June, with 
Letters from Mr. Shaw and Capt. Thomson from the 
Harbour, complaining of Sir Alexander Leith's dis- 
regard of my orders to them for the conveyance of 
Provisions, and to whose conduct upon that occasion 
may be ascribed the entire failure of supplies, as the 
Letters from those Gentlemen will more fully explain. 
In the Evening four small and one large Craft arrived 
from the Harbour on their way to the Castle. 

August J d. Having dispatched the boats with the 
strictest orders to be expeditious, I proceeded to the Har- 
bour, and understanding the Pelican was to sail the 
next day for Jamaica, I requested the Officer Command- 
ing the Navy to detain her 24 hours, which was complied 
with. 

Having thus far arranged my proceedings under their 
several dates with as much exactness as possible, I 
must now request your Excellency will accept the 
sequel in few words, which I should not offer in so con- 
cise a manner, did my health permit me to pursue it in 
detail. 

My Letters to your Excellency from the time I 
returned to the Harbour of St. John s give a general 
idea of my transactions at that place ; but the melan- 
choly situation in which I found the Troops on my 
arrival there, the distress I was drove to for Men to 
navigate Craft with Provisions for the support of the 
few Troops left at the Castle, the numerous and unlucky 
accidents that happened to the shipping without a hope 
of repairing them, the impossibility of getting fresh 
Provisions for the sick but by extraordinary exertions, 
and then in small quantities, and the amazing mortality 
that raged among the Troops though every comfort in 
my power was administered — may be faintly described ; 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1781. 419 

but words cannot express my feelings at such a com- 
plicated scene of misery and distress. As to my sub- 
sequent conduct at Bluefields, I apprehend no part of it 
requires to be elucidated, my Letters from thence being as 
full and as explicit as anything I could commit to paper. 
I have the honour to be, &c., &c., &c., 

Stephen Kemble. 
To His Excellency Gen^ D ailing. 

Endorsed. Journal of an Expedition up the River 
St. John's in Spanish America. 



Report on the Mosquito Country. 

The Mosquito Shore extends from the River St. 
ohn's 10^ 30 minutes North Latitude, and 81:40 West 
^ongitude, to Cape Honduras, or the Point of Castile, 
in 16 degrees North Latitude and 85 West Longitude. 
The Mosquito Men, however, extend their pretensions 
to the Island and Harbour of Boca Toro, in — de- 
grees N. Lat. and — W. Long., in right of their hav- 
ing Conquered and destroyed the actual Indian pos- 
sessors ; from Cape Honduras or the point of Castile, 
the Western boundary, to Cape Cameron, the distance 
is 20 Leagues ; due East from thence to Cape Gracias 
a Dios, in 1 5 degrees N. Latitude, the Coast trenches 
About two points more or less to the Southward of 
East, distance 55 Leagues; from this to the River St. 
John's the Coast runs almost due South, distance 
almost 90 Leagues. The Descendants of the Ancient 
Mosquito Indians of pure unmixed Blood possess the 
Coast and Country aback from the Bluefields to Sandy 
Bay ; from thence as far as Plantain River, Sandy Bay 
included, is possessed by a race of Sambos who de- 
rive their origin from a Cargo of Negroes Wrecked 
on this Coast about 100 Years ago, who were Incor- 
porated with the Indians on this part of the Coast. 

During the Season of fishing for Turtle the Mosquito 
Men, as they are generally called, dwell upon the Sea 



■I 



420 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I781. 

Coast ; that is, from the beginning of May to the end 
of September, When they retire a considerable dis- 
tance up the river and Lagoons, thinking themselves 
safer there from Floods and Gales of Wind; there 
they continue until the return of the Turtle season, 
shifting their abode According as they are led by the 
game and fruits in season. In describing this Country 
to your Excellency I shall begin at the Kiver St. 
Juan, and proceed along Cape Honduras, otherwise 
called the point of Castile, 

The River St. Juan, in lo degrees 30 minutes N. 
Lat., on its falling into the North Sea, forms a Com- 
modious harbour, where Ships of the largest size may 
lie in the greatest safety ; about 30 miles above its 
mouth stands the Castle of St. Juan ; it is easy to get 
behind this Castle, as was done during the Spanish 
War in 1761 by a party of a few White Men and Mos- 
quito Men, who fired their Muskets against the Castle 
and would have taken it, had they been possessed of a 
single piece of Cannon. 

From the Castle to Granado, situated on the further 
bank of the great Lake towards the South Sea, is navi- 
gated by flat-bottomed Schooners and Pettiagues in 
two days ; a number of small Towns lie round the 
Lake ; from the Town of Granado to Massaia, a large 
Indian Town where the Governor of the Province fre- 
quently resides, is distant 3 Leagues ; from this place 
to the City of Leon, the Capital of the Province and 
See of a Bishop, Loaded Mules travel in 3 days ; from 
Leon to Rio Lecho, a middling town and Harbour in 
the South Sea, is two days' Journey further for loaded 
Mules. The country is open and dry, full of Towns 
and Villages, and abounding with Necessaries of every 
kind. The Militia consists of a body of ill disciplined 
horse and worse foot. About 10 Miles North of St. 
John's River lies Indian River, running about 40 Miles 
into the Country ; the banks of this River, from its 
source to its falling into the Sea, are remarkably fer- 
tile and adapted to the raising of every West India 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I 78 1. 42 1 

production. 12 miles North of this lies Corn River, 
in the length of its course and fertility of its banks 
entirely similar to Indian River. 20 Miles North lies 
Pointa Gourda River ; the Extraordinary fertility of 
the Country along the banks of this River justly en- 
titles it to a first rank amongst the rivers on this 
Coast. A Branch of this River, navigable for what 
we call Pitpans, some of which are 44 feet long and 4 
feet over and will carry 40 men, leads into the River 
of St. Juan. Above the Castle a party of the famous 
Buccaneers formerly resided on this River, one of 
whose grand Children was alive when I was there a 
few Years ago. It was also Inhabited by a tribe of the 
Best disposed Indians I ever saw, called Rama's, who 
were well acquainted with the Great Lake, but were 
unfortunately dispersed a few Years Ago, through the 
oppression of some very bad Englishmen who had 
Settled amongst them. I very lately recovered one of 
them from Slavery, and intend sending him, with a few 
more I expect to obtain, to endeavour, if possible, to 
bring back their scattered brethren to their old habi- 
tations. 

The banks of this river abound in the highest degree 
with game, such as Waree or Mexican Hog, Picarree, 
Mountain Cow, Deer, Gibbonet, Indian Rabbit, and also 
Wild Fowl, such as Quams, Currasoes. ground Par- 
tridge ; the Cocoa tree is a native of the Country and 
found ev^erywhere, and is deemed equal to the best 
Caracas Cocoa. 14 Leagues North of this lies Blue- 
fields Lagoon and river, in 1 1^: 30 minutes N. Latitude. 
Vessels carry 14 feet water into this Lagoon, which 
forms a very fine Harbour; it is commanded by a 
bluff, which might be fortified at a very small Expense. 
West from the Bluff lies Bluefields River, navigable 
for Pitpans to the Spanish Savanahs, where an army 
might soon be landed by means of boats built in this 
Country. The Lagoon where Vessels lie is about 2 5 
Miles in circumference, plentifully supplied with Man- 
atee Fish and Oysters and other Shell Fish. 



422 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I781. 

The Countr)' surrounding this Lagoon is watered 
with abundance of fine streams, manv of which take 
their rise in the mountains aback, and enjoys plenty 
of game. One Mr. Henry Corrin, who lived here 
some Years Ago, carried on a beneficial trade with 
the Spaniards up the River in a flat-bottomed 
Schooner of about 30 tons burthen. About 30 Miles 
up this river live a tribe of Indians called Cookeras. 
reduced to about 50 persons, including Women and 
Children ; they are friendly, well disposed people, and 
Speak the English Language. 70 Miles above them 
live the Wool was, a tribe belonging to a very numer- 
ous nation, where different tribes inhabit the heads of 
almost all the Rivers on this Coast, Viz., From Blue- 
fields to Wank's, or Cape Gracias a Dios River. I am 
at present Endeavouring to bring back this Nation to 
their ancient friendship with us, which has often been 
interrupted from numbers of them having been Seized 
on at different times by the Mosquito Men, and sold 
to Vessels trading to Hispaniola, Jamaica, and North 
America, as well to the British Settlers on this 
Coast. One of their Chiefs, who had a Commission 
from me, has lately accepted a Spanish Commission ; 
he was urged to this defection from the British inter- 
est by the Exceeding 111 treatment he met with from 
the Mosquito Men, who Seized and sold several of his 
relations, amongst whom were two of his brothers. 
He has promised to give me a meeting, when I shall 
do my utmost to make up this breach. I have pro- 
cured' one of his brothers, who is now with General 
Dalrv^mple on an Expedition to Leeward ; on his return 
I shall send him home with such others of his Countr)'- 
men as I can procure. It would greatly facilitate my 
Endeavours in this way were it the good pleasure of 
Ciovemment to grant the sum of two thousand pounds 
toward purchasing such of them as are at present in a 
state of Slaver)' amongst the Mosquito Men and Brit- 
ish Settlors along the Coast, and restoring them to 
their friends and Countr>'. They would serve as 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1781. 423 

excellent guides into the Spanish Provinces. Many 
of them live on the Mountains which divide the North 
from the South Sea, and daily pass into the Spanish 
Towns ; but this I submit to your Excellency's supe- 
rior Judgment. I cannot help here lamenting to your 
Excellency how very inadequate the sum allowed by 
the Government for contingencies is to that service. 

Ten Leagues North of Bluefields lies Pearl Key 
Lagoon, about lo Leagues long, with several consider- 
able Islands in it ; the Southern entrance into this 
Lagoon carries 8 and lo feet Water. I lately passed 
through it in a Schooner of about 30 tons, and went 
out at the Northern entrance with 9 feet Water ; 
three rivers disembogue themselves into it. Namely, 
Corninwas,Vavasian, and Sumoe ; it abounds with Fish 
and Oysters, the best on the Coast ; the Western banks 
are from 5 feet to twenty high, very fertile, with plenty 
of game and wild fowl ; Rice thrives here to admiration, 
bearing three Crops in the course of a Year. The 
Cocoa Tree grows everywhere in the Woods ; in short, 
whatever is planted here thrives to perfection. The re- 
mains of some tribes of Indians lead a miserable life up 
the Rivers leading into this Lagoon, holding no Corre- 
spondence with any person whatever, being in con- 
stant dread of the Mosquito Men. 

The Pearl Quays lie from 2 to 6 Miles off the La- 
goon ; large Ships may find good anchorage amongst 
them ; they abound in Turtle and Shell Fish. The 
Indians, who formerly inhabited these Quays before 
they were cut off by the Mosquito Men, carried on a 
pearl fishery, but this fell with them, having never been 
attempted since. Three Leagues North of Pearl Quay 
Lagoon lies Great River, with a large and high Bar, 
only to be attempted in moderate weather ; the banks 
near its mouth are low and proper for Rice. The 
Country for some distance up is covered with Forests 
of white and yellow Pine of a large size, with plenty of 
pasture for any number of Cattle and Sheep ; they are 
at present well stocked with Deer. In advancing up 



424 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I781. 

the River the banks are high and enjoy a fertile soil 
fit for any plantation use. Pitpans can go up to 
the Spanish Savanahs. 13 Leagues North of this lies 
Walpa Sexa, one of the mouths of a River, which 
runs about 100 Miles into the Country ; the other 
mouth lies a little to the Northward, and is called 
Princapulca ; it joins Walpa Sexa about 15 Miles up. 
These branches, before as well as after their junction, 
enjoy a very fruitful soil, with great plenty of Mahog- 
any and other hard timber, as well as game and wild 
fowl, in common with the Rivers already mentioned. 
10 Leagues North of this lies the Wawa River ; this 
is a fine large River running into the Country above 
100 Miles ; the Mahogany on the banks is the largest 
on the whole coast, and as the largeness of the timber 
always indicates the goodness of the land, consequently 
enjoys a very rich and fruitful soil, with advantages in 
common with the other Rivers in point of Game, &c. 

About 20 Miles North of this lies Huson River, of 
little note further than as it leads into the Lagoon and 
from thence into a kind of drowned meadow with a small 
g^ully running through it, navigable only for Pitpans 
(in the dry season), but forms a considerable piece of 
Water in the wet season, navigable for Petiagres or 
Crafts for about 20 Miles along the Coast as far as 
Sandy Bay. This is the principal residence of the 
Mosquito King and his Chiefs ; the Town is pleasantly 
situated on the banks of a Lagoon which has a com- 
munication with the Sea by means of land cut by some 
of the former Kings at present about 150 feet in 
width ; it abounds in fish ; the banks are low and fit 
only for Rice and pasture. The Vicinity of this place 
to the Mosquito quays where Turtle can be easily 
procured, with its exemption from troublesome inserts, 
seemed to have chiefly recommended it as the Capital 
of the Mosquito King. 

Seven Leagues North of Sandy Bay lies the Wana 
Sound ; this is a large and extensive Sound with from 
9 to ID feet Water on its entrance ; the Circumjacent 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I 78 1. 42 5 

Country is covered with large Forests of Pine yielding 
plenty of pasture from this to Walton. The Country 
residence of the Mosquito King lies through a delight- 
ful Forest, interspersed with a variety of gentle risings 
and fine springs of Water, at about 20 Miles distance. 
15 Miles beyond this lies Sackelong on the banks of 
Wanks or Cape Gracias a Dios River, about 100 Miles 
from its mouth. At this place any quantity of lumber 
might be cut, and some Saw Mills are erecting with a 
view of procuring lumber for the Jamaica Market. 

Wanks or Cape Gracias a Dios River lies 5 Leagues, 
North of Wana Sound at its falling into the North Sea 
15 degrees North Latitude and 10 Longitude ; it forms 
at this place a tolerable good Harbour, where Vessels 
may ride in safely against all but a Southerly Wind in 
3>^ fathom Water ; a few Leagues off the Harbour lie a 
great number of dangerous Reefs and Shoals on all 
quarters. This River is famous for the many expedi- 
tions of the Buccaneers, it leading by several branches 
into the heart of the Spanish Province ; for about 60 
Miles up the banks of this River are low and apt to 
be overflowed, but where cultivated produce Rice in 
abundance. The Cocoa Tree also thrives here much, 
being found to delight in a low, rich soil ; further up the 
banks of this River are covered with immense Forests 
of Pine, as well with plenty of Mahogany, Cedar, and 
other hard timber. Jamaica might be amply supplied 
with all kinds of Lumber from this River were a bounty 
granted on it to induce Men of property to turn their 
thoughts that way, or could a Scheme of that kind 
be carried on by a company of Merchants ; crossing 
the River from the Harbour lies a Savanah abounding 
with Excellent pasture and capable of maintaining vast 
herds of Cattle. The Beef 1 have killed here would not 
disgrace Leaden Hall market. To the South of the 
Harbour lies Morgan Town Savanah, in all respects 
equal to the other as to the extent and goodness of its 
pasture ; this Savanah takes its name from a Mosquito 
Chief, who assumed his from the famous Buccaneer of 



4^6 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I781. 

that name, a Custom still very common amongst these 
people. A profitable Oil fishery might also be carried 
on fi^om Cape Gracias a Dios to the adjacent Keys, 
which, in the proper season of the year, are covered 
with Seals, and the Sea abounds with fish called Nourse, 
which produces much Oil. West from Wanks or Cape 
Gracias a Dios River, about lo Leagues, lies Croutch 
River, of inconsiderable note. lo Leagues furth e 
West lies Caratake Lagoon ; this extension tract of 
Coast is one continued Savanah, abounding with the 
finest pasture, and if stocked with Black Cattle would 
amply supply Jamaica with Salt beef. 1 have heard it 
frequently observed that beef could not be properly 
cured in this warm Climate, but I can assure your Ex- 
cellency from my own Experience ; I have had it salted 
with the bone in and kept it in perfect order for six 
months, and were the bone cut out it would keep as 
long as might be Necessary ; any quantity of Mules 
might also be bred in these extensive pastures, as 
Horses may be bought here for 30 shillings per head. 

Carataska Lagoon extends about 13 Leagues West. 
The south side of this Lagoon, to the extent of near 40 
miles, is one vast Forest, abounding with yellow Pine, 
proper for scantling boards, &c., and from which Tar of 
an Excellent quality is made, also with white Pine, 
which make good Masts for Vessels. The Lagoon 
abounds in Manatee Fish and Oysters, and towards the 
mouth, which is about half a mile broad, any quantity 
of fish may be caught in Seines, salted, and barrelled 
up for market ; the ridge which divides this Lagoon 
from the Sea is from halt a mile to a mile in breadth, 
proper for pasturage ; here the Mosquito Men plant 
Corn, Yams, and Cassada. From Carataska to Potook 
River is 16 Leagues, navigable for small Craft, through 
sundry Creeks and Lagoons, within 3 Miles of the 
Latter. Between these places the small River of Tab- 
uncana falls into the Sea. Potook River has its source 
in the Spanish Country, and is a large, fine River, with 
a very considerable length of course ; towards the head 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I781. 427 

are situated several considerable Spanish Towns ; the 
banks of this River towards its mouth are low and pro- 
per for Rice ; further up the land rises and abounds 
with large Mahogany and Cedar ; at the Mouth of the 
River lies Potook Savanah, of considerable extent and 
affording very good pasture for Black Cattle ; it has of 
late begun to be stocked with Cattle for the Black River 
Market, and what Cattle have been put on it have 
throve Exceedingly. From Potook to Brewer's Lagoon 
is TO Leagues ; the entrance into this Laijoon is about 
half a mile broad, but Shoal, and only fit for Petiagus or 
Crafts to enter. It is in circumference about 40 miles, 
and abounds with the greatest plenty of Fish and Oys- 
ters ; the banks Westward are low ; to the Eastward by 
Forests of Pine intermixed with pastures of vast extent. 
In this Lagoon lie two Islands, one pretty large and 
high, about half a mile over, with fresh water on it and 
a pretty good soil ; the other small and close by it; two 
rivers fall into it, namely, Thomas's, &c. ; the banks of 
these Rivers enjoy a good soil, and are covered with 
Mahogany and other timber. 

Five miles West of this lies Plantain River, a small 
River with very fertile banks. I have known Plantain 
suckers to flourish here for near thirty years on the 
same stock with little or no care. The lands near the 
mouth of this River and for a few miles up would answer 
extremely well for Rice. It takes its source from lofty 
mountains at some distance aback, where live a tribe of 
Poyer Indians, consisting of between 40 and 5o persons, 
tributary to the Mosquito General Tempest. From this 
to Black River the distance is about 14 miles along the 
side of a pretty large Lagoon, well stocked with Mana- 
tee, and divided from the Sea partly by a Savanah and 
a narrow ridge of poor land ; there are several small 
Islands in this Lagoon, and three small Rivers empty 
themselves into it, namely, Powna, Yara, and Bonnak ; 
the land rises gradually aback to lofty mountains over- 
topped by others still higher, and these by others till 
the view is lost in the Clouds. 



428 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I 78 1. 

Black River, the principal British Settlement on this 
Coast, is situated on the banks of this River, about a 
mile to the Westward of its mouth ; for some miles up 
the banks of the River are low and proper for pasture 
or Rice. Beyond this the Country becomes mountain- 
ous and hilly ; at some Miles distance aback from the 
banks of the River, which are in general pretty high and 
only apt to be overflowed in high floods, the Country 
rises gradually from the River into gentle risings, and 
little hills Overtopped by large hills, and there again 
by a variety of mountains overtopping one another till 
the view is lost, from whence issue numberless small 
streams, which after a small course fall into the River. 
There are at present three Sugar Estates settled on the 
banks of this River. 'Ihe Su<rars made on them are of 
the best quality, in short, they want nothing but a suffi- 
cient number of hands to raise them to whatever pitch 
micrht be desired ; also several Penns of Black Cattle 
and provision grounds. About 30 miles above its 
mouth the River divides into two branches ; one branch 
runs to the Southward and takes the name of Poloyah, 
the other runs Westward and is called Seco River. 
Poloyah River about 40 Miles above the branch becomes 
very shoal and rapid, and is no longer navigable for 
Pitpans. A few Miles from this Capt. Philip, com- 
mander of a small tribe of Poyer Indians, resides, and 
at this place those* who trade up the River in Cattle and 
Mules load their Mules with Merchandise, and, after a 
troublesome Journey of about 4 da\s through narrow 
defiles between the Mountains, come into a large Sava- 
nah, where Capt. Hosea, commander of a Numerous 
tribe of Poyers called upper Poyers, resides. This 
Indian has had sufficient address to keep on good 
terms both with Spaniards and Mosquito Men ; he is 
very serviceable to our traders, concealing them from 
the Spanish Officers and often trading with them him- 
self for great numbers of Cattle and Mules, being him- 
self possessed of near a thousand head of Black Cattle. 
The other branch, called Seco River, runs quite to the 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, I 78 1. 429 

« 

Spanish Savanahs, but had several troublesome falls in 
its course, over which Pitpans are dragged in the dry 
seasons, but in the wet seasons they cannot be at- 
tempted. Above the falls of this River, I am credibly 
informed, Grapes are found in plenty and perfection. 
The lands along the banks of both these Rivers or 
branches are very fertile, but rather mountainous, with 
number of Creeks and Rivulets, on which Saw Mills 
might be erected, the country abounding^ in timber. 

On the bank of Poloyah River, about 3 miles 
aback, is one of the finest and hottest baths in the- 
World ; the water of it is the lightest on the Coast. I 
have boiled a piece of beef in it in an hour by my 
Watch. About 5 miles to the Westward of Black 
River lies Mustee Creek, a small. Village situated on a 
fine broad Lagoon, navigable for large Petiaugers or 
Crafts. For about 4 Miles into the Country above 
the Village, on the banks of this Lagoon, are several 
small Plantations and provision grounds, the lands 
being good. This Lagoon empties itself about a mile 
to the Westward of the Village, by the mouth of Cape 
Cameron River, which disimbogues itself into the Sea. 
This River, on its falling into the Sea by Cape Cam- 
eron, is a broad, deep River, but has a very shoal and 
bad bar, only practicable for Petiaugers or Crafts in 
dry season ; the River bars up and Crafts are hove 
over into the River or out into the Sea. It has no 
great length, of course, but is navigable for large 
Petiaugers or Crafts for 7 or 8 miles up. The 
lands on the banks of this River are reckoned ex- 
tremely fertile. Two Sugar Estates are already settled 
on them ; both of which have turned out much beyond 
Expectation, and make goods of the very best quality. 

Near the Riveras mouth is a small Village, consisting 
of a few straggling houses along the Western bank 
inhabited by a few Musties and Whites. About 3 
Miles to the Westward of Cape River mouth lies Pre- 
nau, an Excellent Road for Vessels, with very smooth 
water during the season for Sea breezes. In very wet 



430 DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 78 1. 

seasons Prenau River falls here into die Sea, but Ex- 
cepting at such times is always barred up, with a broad, 
Sandy Bay between it and the Sea. This River has a 
very short Course, rather resembling a Lagoon, having 
no apparent source, and Communicating with Cape 
River by a pretty deep, Narrow Creek (navigable for 
Petiaugers), called Prenau Creek. 

The lands along the banks of this River are in gen- 
eral tolerable good, and rise into pretty high ridges at 
a little distance aback. About three miles to the West- 
ward of Prenau River's mouth, Zacharalayah River falls 
into the Sea. This, like Cape Cameron River, for 
about four Miles above its mouth is a large, broad, 
deep River, generally barred up in dry seasons. Fur- 
ther up the River is narrow, and inclines in its course 
towards the head of Cape River. It has also during the 
wet seasons a communication with Prenau River. The 
lands up this River are equal to any in this Country. 
The River abounds with Fish, and the Country aback of 
its banks excellently stocked with Game ; and during 
the Turtling season great quantities of Turtle are caught 
off its mouth. 

There was once a Settlement a little way up this 
River, but was deserted through the danger the 
Settlers were in from a great number of runaway 
Slaves who then infested this part of the Country. 
No person has ever attempted a Settlement since. 

From this to the Little Rocks is distant 4 Leagues 
West, with a very fine Country agreeably interspersed 
with hills and dales, well watered with abundance of 
fine, clear Streams and small Rivulets. There is but 
one Settlement in this tract, — a small Sugar Estate, 
settled some Years ago, about half way between 
Zacharalayah mouth and the Little Rocks. 1 2 leagues 
West of this lies the Great Rocks, an assemblage o 
large Rocks, extending a considerable way into the 
Sea. This tract of Coast is agreeably diversified with 
hills ; many small Rivers and a great many streams 
of very clear fine water fall everywhere into the Sea. 



DOCUMENTS AND CORRESPONDENCE, 1 78 I. 43 1 

Part of this tract enjoys a very fruitful soil, from 
which great quantities of Mahogany has been cut, and 
much remains yet to cut. The remainder towards 
the Great Rocks is covered with Extensive Forests of 
Pine. Between this and Cape Honduras, or the point 
of Castile, the River Roman falls into the Sea bv sev- 
eral mouths. This is a large, rapid River, with a long 
course into the Spanish Country ; several small Span- 
ish towns are situated on its banks, with vast Savanahs 
abounding in Cattle and Mules. Up this River great 
quantities of Sarsaparilla has been dug by our Negroes, 
as well as bought from the Spaniards. 

Truxillo Bay, partly formed by Cape Honduras, or 
the point of Castile ; this is a large, deep bay. Vessels 
may lie in safety off the Ruins of the old Town with any 
Winds but a West or North West, which throws in a 
great Sea. 3 Leagues North of the old town in 
the same bay lies Porto Nuevo, a spacious harbour, 
with very deep water, close to the sandy beach, where 
Vessels of the greatest burthen and size may lie 
secure against all Winds whatever, and Close by Porto 
Nuevo harbour lies a very Extensive Lagoon abound- 
ing in the highest degree with Manatee and Fish. 



I 



INDEX. 



Abercrombie, Lieut. Col. Ralph, i. 395. 
Abercrombie, William, quarter-mazier, 

i. 375. 
Adair, Capt. Jesse, i. 258. 

Adams, John, i. 52, 87. 

Adams, Joseph, i. 463. 

Adams, Mr., assistant quarter-master 

general, ii. 136, 138, 140, 148, 330. 
Addison, Lieut. Richard, i. 291, 418. 
Adlam, Capt. John E.,i. 260, 261,346. 
Adventure, transport, i. 361. 
Adye. Capi. Stephen Payne, i. 498, 507, 

512, 519. 526, 542, 547, 554, 559, 

562. 
Agnew, Gen. James, i. 81, 114, 136, 

272, 329. 355» 361, 446, 463, 515- 
Agnevv, Capt. Stair, 1. 529. 

Agnew, Lieut. William, i. 137, 402. 

Aiken's Tavern, Md., i. 485, 487. 

Aiichison, Capt. George, ii. 300. 

Albany, N. Y., i. 5, 34, 103, 131, 142. 

Aldred, Capt. Edward R., ii. 18, 19, 

220, 224, 227, 378. 

Alert, brig, ii. 261. 

Alexander, Dr., ii. 117, 278. 

Allan, Benjamin, i. 511. 

Allan, Lieut , ii. 378. 

Allanson, Lieut. George, i. 581. 

Alien, Capt., ii. 51. 

Allen, Lieut.-C«)l. Isaac, i. 129, 163, 

566, 577. 583, 59 b 597. 599» 600. 
Allen, Mr., pilot, ii. 324. 
Allen, Samuel, ii. 44, 45. 
Allen, Ensign Wdliam, i. 426. 
Allen, William, i. 92. 
Allenstown, N. J., i. 599. 
Alnhauser, Corp., i. 202. 
Amazon, frigate, i. 148. 
Amboy, N. J.» i* 84, 104, 106, 107, 109, 

III, 114, 122, 123. 130, 188, 426, 

429» 433. 442, 444. 447- 
America, transpofi, i. 360. 
American Army b. -sieges Boston, i. 

43; Washington appointed Command* 

VOL. 11—28 



er-in-Chief, 45, 47 ; movements at 
the siege of Boston. 44-75 ; prisoners 
from to be protected, 54 ; minute - 
men called lor, 59 ;' leaders rely on 
the New England forces, 80 ; de- 
feated on Long Island, 85 , a new 
levy ordered by Congress, 90 ; at- 
tack the enemy at Harlem, 89 ; dis- 
cipline of, 95 ; engagement at White 
Plains. 95,96; retreat through N. J., 
103, 104 : at Bmndbrook, N. J., 117; 
moves to Pomplon, 125; march to 
the Delaware, 126 ; attack Long and 
Staten Islands, 127 ; at Brandywine 
and Germaniown, 132-137 ; foreign 
supplies for, 14S ; pursuit of the Brit- 
ish on their retreat through N. J., 
153 ; battle of Monmouth. 154. 

Amherst, Capt. Jeffrey, ii. 308. 

Amherst, Gen. Jeffrey, i. 27, 169. 170, 
195, 196, 198, 2c6, 208, 224. 225. 

Amicl, Lieut. Robert, i. 530, 566. 

Amity's Admonition, transport, i. 359. 

Amity's Providence, transport, i. 339, 

463. .. 
Ainna, ii. 363. 

Anderson, Capt., ii. 257. 

Anderson, Ensign John, i. 549, 609. 

Anderson, Capt. Robert, i. 335. 

Andre, Major John, i. 162, 176, 180, 

184. 185, 187, 188. 
Andre, Lieut. William L., 464. 
Andrew, Lieut William, i. 136, 541. 
Andrews, Lieut. Samuel, i. 262, 382. 
Andromeda, ship-of-war, i, 149, 155. 
Anketel, Lieut. Matthew, i. 367. 
Annapolis, N. S., i. 241. 
Anstruther, Lieui. David, i. 573. 
Anstruther, Lieut. -Col. John, i. 622. 
Antill, Lieut. -Col. Edward, i. 128. 
Antill, Major John, 1. 567. 
Antiqua Planter, merchant vessel, i* 

191. 
Antigua, W. I., i. 193. 



434 



INDEX. 



Apthorp. Lieut. Charles, i. 354. 
Apthorp, Charles W., i. 79, 88, 263. 
Arbuthnot, Admiral Marriot, i. 182, 

183. 
Arbuthnot, Lieut. Robert, i. 370. 
Archer, Capt. Benjamin, li. 358, 363, 

^65, 368, 377, 381. 
Archer, Capi. of the Resource, ii, 53. 
Archer, Thomas, i. 424. 
Archer, William, i. 382. 
Argo, transport, i. 360. 
Armourer, Dr. Thomas, i. 432. 
Armstrong, Henry, i. 517. 
Armstrong, Dr. Richard, ii. 76. 
Armstrong, Dr. Robert, i. 587. 
Armstrong, Lieut. Thomas, i. 136. 
Armstrong, Lieut. William, i. 181. 
Arnham^ Lord, i. 24. 
Arnold, Gen. Benedict, i. 66, 97, 116. 
Arundel, England, i. 13. 
Ashe, Gen. John, i. 176. 
Ashe, Lieut. Lovet, i. 345. 
Ashe, Ensign William, i. 390. 
Asia, man-of-war, i. 41. 
Askew, Capt., i. 147. 
Askey, Capt., ii. 332, 362, 366, 376. 
Askin, Capt.,ii. 51, 52. 
Astle, Capt. Daniel, i. 569. 
Atkinson, Lieut. Barnabas, i. 529. 
Atkinson, Capt. Joseph, i. 429. 
Atkinson, Lieut. William, i. 529. 
Auchinlech, Dr. James, i. 464, 465. 
Auchmuiy, Robert N., i. 82. 
Auchmuiy, Samuel, i. 82. 
Ayrson, Capt. Thomas, ii. 300, 368. 
Ayscough, i.ieut. George, i. 566. 
Ayssa, Gov. Juan de, ii. 212, 215, 223, 

224. 

Bache, Theophylact, i. 152. 

Backus, Corp., ii. 148. 

Bacon, Ensign Dash wood, i. 589. 

Baggs, Ensign George, i. 364. 

Bagoi, Lieut. John, i. 437. 

Bailey, Capl. of sloop Industry, ii. 47, 

54, 56. 57, 59» 311. 367, 368, 369, 

381, 383. 
Bailey, Dr., i. 397. 
Bailey, E<lmund, i. 463. 
Bailey, Lieut. George M., i. 255, 470, 

549- 
Bailey, Capt. Richard, i. 39O, 400. 

Baily, Thomas, i. 263, 264. 

Bailiffs, William, i. 295. 

Baird, Capl. Sir James, i. 427. 

Baker, Capt. Benjamin, i. 255, 258, 259. 

Baker, Henry, i. 61. 

Baker, Thomas, i. 575. 

Baker, Capl. Thomas, i. 258, 355, 358, 

530- 



Bahguier, Ensign John, i, 364, 

Balcarras, Lord, i. 534. 

Baldwin, Mr., ii. 18. 

Balfour, Maj. Nisbiit, i. 117. 

Ball, Capt. Bent, i. 136, 545. 

Ball, Robert, i. 616. 

Baltic Merchant, transport, i. 312, 360. 

Bamford, Cap». William, i. 347. 

Banks, Sir Henry, i. 9, 11. 

Banks, Lieut. Joseph, i. 330. 

Barbadoes, W. L, i. 201, 210; ii. 258, 

259. 
Barber, Lieut. Richard, i. 136, 531. 

Barclay, Maj. George, i. 416, 417. 

Barclay, Maj. Thomas, i. 546. 

Bard, Ensign Lewis, i. 437. 

Barker, Capt. Emanuel, i. 568. 

Barker, Capt. John, i. 298. 

Barker, Capt. William, i. 259. 

Barnes, Dr., ii. 21. 

Barnes, Ensign Joshua, i. 377. 

Barnet, John, i. 624-625. 

Barr, Dr. WiUiam, i. 362, 

Barrick, Ensign James, i, 203, 219. 

Barrington, Admiral, i. 172. 

Barrington, Lord, i. 150, 169, 171, 372, 

553. 
Barrington, Lieut. William, i. 124, 526. 

Barron, Capt. Edward, i. 330, 348,416. 

Barrow, Capt. Thomas, i. 259, 265, 390, 

573. 
Barrows, Mr., i. 79. 

Barry, Edward, secretary to Gen. Dal- 
ling, ii. 229, 232, 247, 258, 260. 268, 
291. 351. 

Barry, Ensign, i. 541. 

Barry, Lieul. Henry, i. 52. 

Barry, Lieut. William, i. 607. 

Barton, Mrs., i. 29. 

Barton, Col. Thomas, i. 127. 

Barton, Maj. William, i. 124. 

Barwell, Lieut. William, i. 568, 569. 

Baskenridge, N. J., i. I03. 

Basset, Maj Richard, i. 259, 272, 298, 

364. 
Basset, Ensign Thomas, i. 329, 364. 

Bath, England, i. 17. 

Bathe, Ensign John, i. 429, 527. 

Baihurst, Mr., i. 21. 

Batt, Maj. Thomas, i. 368. 

Baltut, Capt. John, i. 333. 

Bayard, Lieul. -Col. John, i. 109, 114, 
132, 133, 165,609,619. See Provin- 
cial Corps, King's Orange /^angers. 

Bayard, Samuel V.. i. 79. 

Bayard's Hill, N. Y.. i. 89. 

Bayer, Capt. John Otto, i. 345. 

Bayes, Thomas, i. 361. 

Baylis, Lieut. John, i. 569, 572. 

Baylor, Col. George, i. 163. 



INDEX. 



435 



Bayly, Capt. Nicholas, i. 566. 
Bayly, Lieu'. Zachary, i. 263, 365. 
Beacon Island, Mass., lighi-houae, i. 

48, 5.1, 65, 74, 75. 
Bearcroft, Dr. Samuel, i. 588. 
Beard, John, i. 257. 
Beaufort, Duke of, i. 20, 22. 
Beaufort. S. C, i. 174, 188. 
Beaumont, Dr. Hammond, i. 464, 467. 
Beckwith, Capt. George, i. 464. 564, 584. 
Beckwiih, Lieut. -Col. John, i. 330. 
Beckwith, Capt. Onslow, i. 30, 38, 354, 

417. 
Bedford, ship-of-war, i. 166, 167. 

Bedford, L. I., i. i6i. 

Bedford, Mass., i. 162. 

Bedford. N. Y., i. 384. 

Belez River, ii. 181. 

Bell, Andrew, i. 589. 

Bell, Lieut. Bryan, i. 298, 457. 

Bell, Capt. William, ii. 136, 140, 150, 

300, 368. 

Belvedere, London, i. 9. 

Bennett, Thomas, i. 357. 

Bennett, Ensign William Pearce, i. 259, 

575. 
Bennington, Vt., i. 131. 

Benson, B., i. 181. 

Benson, Capt. George, i. 394. 

Benson, Ensign Henry, i. 566. 

Berbea, Nicaragua, ii. 42. 

Berclay, Major George, i. 584, 

Bergen, N. J., i. 84. 90, 132. 

Bergen Point, N. J., i. 434. 

Bermuda, i. 165, 

Bernard, Ensign Peter, i. 549. 

Beitie, Col. Robert, i. 517. 

Bertrand, Capt. John, ii. 19, 106, 247, 

269, 277, 378. 
Betsey, transport, ii. 46, 48, 55, 300, 

308. 312, 346. 368. 
Betsey Higgins, transport, i. 359. 
Betsey Stevenson, transport, i. 359. 
Beven, John, i. 430. 
Bevor, Lieut. Arthur, i. 593. 
Bgby, Mr., ii. 256. 
Bigelow, Major Timothy, i. 66. 
Billop's Ferry, S. I., i. 444, 445, 452. 
Bingham, Ensign, i. 607. 
Birch, Kev. James, i. 427. 
Birch, Lieut. John, i. 136. 
Birch, Lieut. -Col. Samuel, i. 251, 252, 

423, 434. 
Bird, Lieut. -Col. John, i. 112, 13D, 422, 

439» 474. 515- 
Bird, Lieut. John T., i. 581. 

Birmingham, England, i. 24. 

Birmingham, Lieut. John, i. 545. 

Bishopp. Maj. Harry, i. 310. 

Black Horse Tavern, N. J., i. 597. 



Black Horse Tavern, N. Y., i. 88. 

Black River, ii. 5, 49. 52. 53, 58, 76, 
165, 182, 195, 205, 211, 235. 236, 238, 
241, 286, 291, 307, 312. 323, 330. 331, 

357. 360, 362, 375. 384. 389* 393» 405. 

408, 427, 428. 
Black, Robert, i. 543. 
Blacker, LieuL Henry, i. 263. 
Blacket, Capt. William, i. 333. 
Blackmore, Capt. Robert, i. 416, 519, 

542. 
Blagden, Dr. Charles, i. 362. 
Blair, Lieut. John, i. 562. 
Blakeney, Maj. William, i. 30, 38, 329, 

364. 
Blanco Point, ii. 45. 

Bland, Lieut. James, i. 569, 571. 

Blayney, Lord. i. 330. 

Blenheim House, i. 25. 

Blenman, Ensign Joseph, i. 585. 

Blennerhasset, Lieut. John, i. 81. 

Block Island, R. L, i. 162. 

Bloomingdale, N. Y., L 89, 92, 144, r45. 

Blount, Ensign Charles, i. 260. 

Blowers, J. S., i. 238. 

Blucke, Lieut, John, i, 30, 38, 417. 

Blueficlds; huts erected, ii. 37, 43, 48, 
49 ; sick removed to from St. Johns, 
45 ; Kemble occupies it as a post, 46 ; 
fortified, 51, 52, 55, 5^, 148. 256, 258, 
259. 265. 280, 290, 328, 331,350; un- 
healthy, 53 ; arrival of Kemble's 
troops, 138 ; a rendezvous, igo ; to 
be occupied as a post, 243, 244, 245. 
266, 272, 325, 375, 376 ; Col. Kemble 
removes his forces to, 308-3 1 4 ; ill- 
health of the troops at, 348, 359, 363 ; 
survey of the river, 322, 349 376, 386; 
soldiers encouraged to seule a., 377, 
384. 392 ; Kemble's instructions on 
leaving the post, 391; described, 421, 

Bluefields River, ii. 50, 51. 

Bluefields, schooner, li. 369. 

Blunt, Lieut.-Col. Henry, i. 292, 329, 

364. 
Bocca Toro, ii. 52, 59, 366, 419. 
Bbdens, Lieut. George, i. 464. 
Boggs, Dr. James, i. 469. 
Bohannes Island, N. 1., i. 87. 
Boiswell, Ensign David, i. 365. 
Bolton, Mr., i. 24. 
Bomford, Capt. Thomas, i. 381. 
Bonaccoa Island, ii. 166, 182. 
Bonhamtown, N. J., i. iii, 113, 442, 

443. 444. 
Bonnak River, ii. 427. 

Bontine, Lieut. James, i. 261. 

Boormasters, Mr., i. 45. 

Booth, Lieut. Simon, ii. 19, 106, 248, 

269. 277, 378. 



436 



INDEX. 




Borbeck, Lieut. William von, i. 203. Tavern, 322 ; Green Lane, 286 ; 
Borland, Dr. Francis, i. 469. Hancock's Wharf, 317, 320; HanO' 
Borrc, Gen. Preudhomme de, i. 127, ver St., 286 ; Hatch s Wharf, 234, 
130. 274 ; Hay Market, 285 ; HoUis St., 
Boscawen. Lieut. George Evelyn, i. 268. 285 ; Hughes Wharf, 274, 324 ; Hut- 
Boston, Mass.. fortifications, i. 3q, 40, chinson's Wharf, 282; King St., 287, 

44, 47, 48, 49, 56, 57, 66, 69, 70, 273, 314, 325 ; Leverett St., 286 ; Liberty 
274.277,283,293,297,306,309,312, Tree, 284, 287,324; Long Lane, 
323 ; inhabitants insulted, 39 ; Kern- 305 ; Long Wharf, 257, 2S6, 292, 
ble's journal of the siege of, 40-75, 312, 318, 320, 321, 331 ; Lyndc St., 
115 ; massacre observed, 42 ; be- 286 ; Lynn St., 286 ; Market Place, 
sieged by the Americans, 43 ; sup- 284, 322; Milk St., 287; Mill Bridge, 
plied with provisions from Halifax, 270, 286, 294 ; Newbury St., 285, 

45, and Gardiner's Island, 55.; in- 287; Orange St., 285, 287; Pleasant 
habitants sent to Salem, 55; arrest St., 2S5 ; Pond St., 287; Prince St., 
of suspicious persons, 56 ; theatre in, 286; Queen St., 286 ; School St., 286 ; 
65 ; harbor frozen, 66, 68 ; Howe Ship St., 286 ; South Meeting, 286 : 
decides to evacuate, 71 ; preparations Southwark Court, 286 ; Sudbury St., 
for embarking, 72, 73; the select- 286; Sumner St., 287; Sun Court, 
men go out with a flag of truce, 72 ; 286 ; Theatre, fts ; Town House, 
fleet sails for Halifax, 75 : French 395, 322. 323, 325 ; Tremont St., 
fleet at, 161. 162, 164, 165 ; prison 286, 295 ; Water Lane, 285 ; Water 
ship, 174; flag of truce sent to N.Y., St., 286 ; West Meeting, 286 ; Win- 
176 ; Gen. Howe's orders Nov. 15, nisimmet Ferry, 286 ; Well's Wharf, 
1775, to March 20, 1776, 251-327; 318; Wheelwright's Wharf, 318. 

fire department, 251, 291, 322 ; loyal Boswell, Lieut. David, i. 560. 

American associaiors, 252 ; small- Botet, Capt. Anthony, i. 259, 416. 

pox, 267 ; fences destroyed, 269 ; Boudinot, Elias, i. 564. 

Irish volunteers, 270, 284; supply of Boundbrook, N. J,, i. II2, 113, 117, 

fuel, 269, 276, 278, 281, 282, 293, 120, 188. 

297, 309 ; alarm posts, 283, 295,309, Bouquel Key, ii. 179, 181. 

317; patrol districts, 285, 323; cele- Bourne, Lieut. Robert, i. 607. 

braiion of the Queen's birthday, 297 ; Bowen, Capt., i. 368. 

unlicensed dram shops, 300, 315 ; Bowes, Capt. Frederick, i. 262. 

burial of soldiers, 30S; trees pro- Bowmasier, Capt. of the Renown, i. 

tected, 309; pigeons not to be killed, 62, 461, 

311; pictures of the King and Queen Boyce, Dr. G..T., i. 309. 

and public records, 322 ; church of the Boyd. Dr. George F., i. 278, 348, 

63d and grenadier regiments, 324; 533. 

Hriiish evacuate the city, 326-327; Boyes, Lieut. James, i. 333, 337. 

goods stolen from, in Halifax, 3S1. Boyne, man-of-war, i. 41. 

Streets and localities: Allen's Wharf. Boyntun, Lieut. George W^, i. 260. 

285, 2S7 ; Ann St., 2S6; Auchmuiy's Brabazon, Ensign George, i. 432. 
Lane, 287; Back St., 286; Barton's Brabazon, Capt. Malby, i. 365. 
Point, 268, 2S3, 284, 286. 293, 306, Brachan. Mr., i. 344. 

309, 312, 324; Beacon Hill, 272, 286, Brackenburg, Ensign Carr T., i. 549. 

309, 324; Beacon St., 286; Blind Bradshaw, sailor, ii. 345. 

Lane. 287: Brattle Street Cluirch, 42; Bradshaw, John S., i. 549. 

Bromfield's Lane, 286; Cambridge Bradstreet, Capt. Samuel, i. 346, 453, 

St., 286 ; Chambers St., 286 ; Char- 487. 

don's Lane, 2S6 ; Charlestown Ferry, Bradstreet, Ensign Samuel, i. 541. 

286, 314; Castle, 326; Coal Lane, 286; Bradstreet, Ensign Simon, i. 541. 
Common, 265, 286, 306, 309; Com- Bramley, Lieut. John, ii. 220, 224, 
mon St., 286 ; Concert Hall, 251, . 232, 378. 

273, 292 ; Cornhill, 2S6, 2S7 ; Dock Brandon, Lieut. John, i. 270, 363. 

Square, 271, 316: Faneuil Hall, Brandywine, Pa., battle of, i. 132, 135, 

316; Fish St., 286 ; Fore St., 2S6; 136, 492, 493-495. 

Forths St., 296; Fresh St., 287; Fort Breary, Lieut. Christopher, i. 258. 

Hill, 274, 309 ; Fox Hill, 274, 297, Brehn, Lieut. Diederick, i. 40. 

323 ; Frog Lane, 285 ; Golden Ball Brey, Lieut, de, i. 137. 



INDEX. 



437 



Bieymann, Licui.-Cul. Ileinrich C, 

i. 534 
Brezzio, Lieut. Pedro, ii. 291, 351. 

Brice, Capt. Arthur H., i. 592. 

Brickell, Dr. John, i. 437. 

Brietenback, Lieut., i. 203. 

Bright. Lieut. Richard, i. 290. 

Brightheistone, England, i. 13. 

Brilliant, transport, i. 360. 

Brindley, Mr., i. 103. 

Bristol, England, i. 18. 

Bristol, Lieut., of the navy, i. 334, 339. 

Bristow, Ensign Skeff. G., i. 136. 

Britango, Dr., ii. 177. 

British Army, regiments in service in 
America. See also Hessian troops 
and Provincial corps. 
Royal Artillery, movements : i. i, 56, 
60.' 62, 84, 97, 107, 117, 127, 133, 
135. 136. 137. 143, 255, 256, 269, 
272, 273, 274, 278, 281, 303. 306, 
307, 346, 355. 369* 378. 381, 391. 
392. 393» 394, 398, 402. 403, 407, 
418, 423, 434. 437, 439, 446, 451. 
476. 477, 484, 488, 489. 490, 496. 
499, 500, 502, 504, 52S. 544, 5^1, 
564, 5<>5, 567. 573, 580, 587. 589, 
599, 600, 605. 608, 610, 614, 615, 
623, 625 ; ii. 18, 77, 78, 84. 133, 135, 
231, 240, 289, 329, 378 ; promotions, 

255, 302, 304. 329, 349» 394, 427, 567. 
Guards, movements: i. 113, 118, 123, 

134, 135. 137, 144, 153, 154. 157. 
162, 167, 173, 174, 175, 177. iSo, 
274, 3QI. 393, 396, 397, 400, 402. 
406, 407. 408, 409. 411, 442, 443. 
444, 446. 448. 451, 453, 455. 465, 
475, 477» 480, 484. 488, 496. 498, 
499. 502. 503, 507. 508. 511, 512, 
513, 514, 521, 522, 524, 530, 540, 
544. 561. 5' 2, .567, 581, 582. 583, 
5S8, 590, 597, 599, 603, 620 ; pro- 
nioiions. 566. 

Grenadiers, movements: i. 42. 49, 50, 
68, 71. 84, 85, 86, 88, 100, 109, III. 
312, 118. 123. 135, 138. 154, 161, 162. 
165, 167, 175, 179, 255, 256. 272, 
274, 275, 277, 278. 279. 281, 283, 
284, 286. 291, 293, 299, 303, 3c6, 
307, 309» 312, 316, 323, 324, 353, 
354. 355. 359, 360. 368, 369, 371, 
374. 375, 377, 378, 385, 389, 390. 
391- 393. 395, 399- 40i, 408, 410. 
411, 418, 443, 446, 447, 448, 450, 
451. 453, 455. 456. 460, 463, 466, 
470, 474, 475, 476, 477, 478, 482, 
484, 488, 489, 498, 500, 502, 503, 

504. 5^^5, 524, 576, 596, 599; pro- 
motions, 385. 
Light Infantry, movements: i. 42, 49, 



51, 67. 68, 71, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90. 

94, 98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 104, 107, 

109, III, 113, 118, 120, 123, 135, 

137, 138, 161, 162, 163, 165. 167, 
179, 255, 256, 272, 273, 274, 278, 
279, 281, 283, 284, 286, 287, 290, 

291, 292, 294, 298, 299, 302, 303, 
304. 309. 312, 316, 324, 335, 337. 
340. 353. 354, 355, 359, 360, 368, 
369. 371, 372, 373, 376, 386, 389. 
390, 391. 392, 393. 395, 396, 399, 
402, 403, 406, 407, 408, 409. 
410, 411, 412, 418, 438, 443, 445. 
446, 447, 448, 449» 45^^, 451, 455, 
456, 457. 459, 461, 462, 466, 474, 

475. 476, 477. 478, 479. 482, 484. 
486, 488, 492, 496, 49S, 499, 500, 
502, 503, 504. 515. 521. 522, 530, 

534, 543, 547, 55L 570, 572, 587, 
596, 600 ; promotions, 372, 593. 
Marines, movements: i. 41, 43, 47, 
50, 51, 86. 184, 263, 271. 272, 
274, 275, 279, 281, 282, 283, ?86, 
288, 298, 302, 303, 304. 311. 313, 

340. 344, 347, 34Q. 353. 355, 357, 
358. 359. 361. 366, 369, 370, 378, 
379, 381. 424. 603, 619, 621 ; pro- 
moiions, 258, 263, 290. 335, 379. 
418. 

Fourth (King's Own), movements: 
i. 49. 51. 59, 94, 113, 117, "8, 135. 
136, 137. 139, 156, 164, 165, 263. 
272, 276, 278, 281, 283, 286, 290, 

292, 294. 295, 299, 303, 304, 306, 
307, 324, 327, 332. 336, 338, 339. 
340. 346. 347. 349. 352. 353. 354, 
355, 359. 361, 369, 378. 381, 421, 
427, 430, 439, 440, 442, 446, 450, 

454, 464. 475, 484. 485. 512, 513, 
555. 557. 590 ; promotions, 258. 
268, 29S, 307. 329, 330. 346, 364. 
375, 416, 426, 429, 463. 465, 517, 
539, 558. 560, 5S5, 592. 

Fifth, movements: i. 59, 85, 113, 135. 
136, 137. 164, 165, 272, 278, 281, 
284, 298, 300. 303, 306, 307, 312, 
324, 327, 332, 334, 336, 337. 338, 339, 
344. 346, 349, 353. 355, 359, 3^0, 
369, 378. 381, 399. 443. 445, 446, 

455. 462, 475. 512 ; promotions. 
255, 258, 264, 329, 345. 349, 362, 
364. 370, 385. 427. 432, 464, 526, 
530, 532. 541, 544. 549. 575. 
Sixth, movements : i. 102. 363, 374, 
420. 422. 428, 434, 436, 439. 

, Seventh (Royal Fuz»leers), move- 
ments: i. 106, 107, 128, 132, 133, 

138. 142, 167, 186, 187, 423, 426. 
.427. 428, 434, 443. 445, 446, 448. 

455, 462, 465, 469, 562, 593 ; pro- 



438 



INDEX. 



motions, 370, 46 j, 517, 526, 530, 

543, 545, 575, 584, 586, 589, 592, 

595. 

Eighlh (The King's), movements : i. 

363 ; promotions, 575. 

Ninth, movements: i. 379, 5«;5, 557. 

Tenth, movements: i. 40, 47, 50, 81, 

118, 126, 135, 156, 220, 257, 264, 

272. 277, 278, 281, 284, 285, 293, 

295, 299, 303, 306, 307, 312. 316, 
320, 324, 332, 336, 337, 338, 339, 

340, 344. 346, 349, 353, 355. 359, 
367, 369, 378, 381, 443, 445, 446, 
462, 469, 475, 476, 491, 507, 509, 
516, 517, 518. 519, 523. 554. 555, 
556, 557 ; promotions, 259, 298, 364, 
416, 426, 471, 542, 549, 562, 568, 
584. 

Fourteenth, movements : i. io2, 328, 
334, 335, 362, 366, 370, 378, 381, 

420, 421, 423, 434, 436, 459, 460, 
462, 469, 470, 471 ; promotions, 259, 
291, 298, 333, 335, 337, 364. 
Fifteenth, movements: i. 84, 113, 
117, 118, 136, 137, 150. 164, 165. 

421, 424, 430, 434, 439, 440, 442, 
446, 450, 454, 462, 465, 475, 493, 
504, 506, 512, 527, 551, 598, 609; 
promotions, 330, 416, 427, 429, 464, 

470. 515, 530. 544, 549. 575- 
Sixteenth (The Queen's) Light Dra- 
goons, movements: i. 43, 50, 83, 
84, 91, 94, 97. 100, loi, 103, 104, 
106, 107. Ill, 132, 134. 136, 143, 
165, 255, 272, 273, 279. 28t, 333, 
378, 384. 393. 394. 396, 399. 40f, 
402, 403, 405, 407, 40S, 409, 419. 

443. 44^^ 447. 449. 450, 453. 457, 
466, 468, 475, 477, 480, 484, 488, 

489. 490. 491. 496. 499. 500, 501, 

502. 503, 504. 505, 512. 513, 521, 

522. 524, 540, 596. 598, 599, 600, 

603 ; promotions, 265, 430, 548, 588, 

Sixteenth Foot, movements: 1. 84, 
302, 417. 423. 438, 580, 592, 593; 
promolions, 259, 351, 35^, 364. 370, 
390. 426. 471. 568. 
Seventeenth Lij^hr Dragoons, move- 
ments: i. 43,50. 83, 84, 92, 94, 97, 100, 
loi. 103. 104, 106, 107, III, 121, 123, 
132. 134. 136. 142, 143, 165, 251, 
255, 272, 273, 274, 279, 281, 284, 
290, 333. 360, 378, 381, 382, 384. 
3<)3. 394. 396. 399. 4or, 402, 403, 
405, 407, 408. 410, 418, 423. 43^ 
439. 440, 445, 447. 448, 449. 450. 
453. 456,- 460, 46S, 472, 475. 480, 
488, 489, 490, 491, 496, 499. 500. 
501, 502, 503, 504, 505, 521, 522, 



524, 540, 562, 588. 596, 598. 599, 
600, 603, 606 ; promotions, 310, 381, 
390, 400, 419, 532, 548, 549, 589. 
Seventeenth Foot, movements : i. 
61, 62, 105. 106, 118, 137, 150, 178, 
179, 181, 256, 272, 274, 278, 281. 
283, 286, 293, 298, 303, 304, 311, 

312, 313, 316, 320, 323, 324, 332, 

334, 336, 338, 340, 347, 349, 353, 
355, 359, 360, 369, 378, 381, 434. 
443, 445, 446. 459. 4^2, 465, 409, 
475, 512, 516, 570, 609 ; promo- 
tions, 307, 329, 352, 367, 368, 377, 

464, 530, 549, 566. 
Eighteenth (Koyal Irish), movements: 
i. 48, 49, 62, 253, 268, 269, 272, 
275, 287, 424, 428 ; promotions, 368. 
Twentieth, movements: i. 613 ; pro- 
motions, 390. 

Twenty-first (Royal North British 
Fuzileers), movements: i. 606, 612 ; 
promotions, 590. 

Twenty-second, movements : i. 49, 
50, 52, 69, 71, 94, 109, 151, 272, 273, 
274, 278, 281, 283 284, 285, 289, 
295, 298, 299, 303, 304, 311, 313, 
320. 324, 332, 336, 340, 347, 349. 

353, 355, 359, 360, 369, 375, 378. 

380, 381, 386, 438, 552, 603 ; promo- 
tions, 217, 259, 265, 299, 375, 381, 
390, 4t6, 417, 457, 471, 539, 549. 
Twtniy-third (Koyal Welsh Fuzi- 
leers). movements : i. 30, 34, 38, 50, 
71, 85, 113, 118, 135, 136, 156, 186, 
187, 272, 273, 276, 278, 281, 283, 
28^, 295, 300, 303. 304, 311. 312. 

313, 3 '6. 320, 327, 332, 334, 336, 
337, 338. 340, 341. 347, 348, 349, 
352, 353. 355, 3?9. 360, 3^1. 369, 
378, 380, 381, 385, 391. 408. 413, 
414. 430, 434, 442, 443, 446, 450, 
454. 475. 483. 5". 5^8 ; promotions, 
259. 291, 302. 304, 329, 330. 345 
349. 354, 357. 364, 366, 370, 377. 
3S5, 390, 400, 412, 417, 426, 515. 

530, 532. 560, 571, 581, 593, 594- 
Twenty^fifth, promotions: i. 427, 586. 
Twenty-sixth, movements: i. 106, 
107, no. 128, 132, 133, 134, 138. 
142, 361, 423, 426. 427, 42S, 434, 

443, 445. 446, 448, 455. 4^2, 465, 
469, 568, 569, 585 ; promotions, 
518, 526, 545. 566, 573. 
Twenty-seventh (InniNkilling), move- 
ments : i. 113, 118, 135, 136. 156, 
164. 165, 205, 206, 207, 335, 340, 
342, 347, 353, 355, 360, 369. 378, 

381, 430, 434, 440, 442. 446, 454, 

469. 475, 483. 484. 509. 521, 522, 
551, 572, 600; promolions, 330,366, 



INDEX. 



439 



376, 429. 464, 5I5» 531, 533. 539. 

549- 

Twenty-eighth, movements : i. 135, 

136, 164, 165, 172, 206, 207, 340, 

361, 362, 374, 399, 443. 446, 454. 
455, 462, 469, 471, 475, 521. 522. 
554. 556, 593. 597 : promotions, 330, 

362, 364, 390, 401, 432, 539, 549, 

589. 592, 593. 

Twenty-ninth, movements: i. 613. 

Thirty-first, movements : i. 205. 

Thirty-third, movements: i. 85, 88, 

118, 135, 136, 137, 165, 173, 174. 

175, 179, 187, 295, 391, 393. 411, 

441, 443, 446, 450, 475, 484, 486, 

500; promotions, 43©. 457. 47©. 53i, 

549. 593. 

Thirty-fifth, movements : i. 43. 50, 

69, 105, 121, 134, 156, 164, 165, 198, 
220, 221, 222, 225, 272, 273, 274, 
278, 281, 283, 284, 285, 298, 303, 
304. 313. 320, 332, 336, 338, 340, 
344, 347. 349, 353, 355. 359. 360, 
369, 378, 381, 3<,9. 444, 449. 453. 
458, 459, 469, 517, 604, 605, 606, 
607, 610, 616, 619 ; promotions, 260, 
291, 298, 330, 345, 346, 364, 377, 
381, 417, 426, 544, 5t>7, 584- 
Thirty-seventh, movements: i. Ii8, 

135, 136, 137, 415. 424. 443. 446. 

450, 462, 475, 564, 574; promotions, 

364, 390, 427, 437, 464. 518, 526, 

531, 540, 549, 560, 569. 575, 5^4. 
590. 

Thirty-eighth, movements : i. 44, 71, 

118, 121, 136, 272, 273, 274, 278, 

281, 284, 288, 292, 298, 300, 303, 

311, 312, 313. 320, 337, 338, 340. 

344, 347, 348, 349, 35i, 353, 355, 

359, 360, 363, 369, 378, 424, 444. 

449. 450, 451, 459. 462, 464, 472, 

543, 588, 604, 605, 611, 613, 614, 

619, 622, 623 ; promotions, 260, 

264, 330, 345, 350, 377, 384, 390, 
400, 465. 470, 531, 549. 
Fortieth, movements : i. 45, 48, 49, 
50, 71, IC5, 118, 135, 136, 137, 164, 
165, 272, 273, 274, 278, 2S1, 383, 
284, 285, 292, 299, 303, 304, 312, 
313, 320, 334. 340, 344, 347, 348, 
349, 353, 355, 359. 360, 368, 369, 
378, 381, 439, 443. 446, 475, 484, 
485, 489. 510, 5»9. 521, 522, 523, 
585, 591, 609 ; promotions, 260, 273, 

291. 330, 346, 349. 364, 370, 412, 
518, 530. 531, 542, 549, 566, 581. 
Forty-second (Royal Highland), 
movements : i. 85, 86, 88, 89, 100, 
109, 110, 117, 133. 138, 165, 173, 
175, 177, 384, 385. 391. 393. 409. 



411, 443, 446, 450, 465, 475, 492, 
493, 495, 496, 507, 522, 553, 562, 
578, 580 ; promotions, 515, 526, 530, 

531. 543. 548, 557. 594. 
Forty-third, movements : i. 57, 272, 

274, 278, 281, 283, 286, 288, 292, 
295, 298, 303, 304, 3", 313. 320, 
337. 340, 344. 348, 349. 350, 353, 
355. 359. 360, 369, 378, 381, 391, 
42S, 482, 483, 579, 603 ; promotions, 

261, 330, 335, 346, 352, 361, 368, 
379, 412, 427, 526, 532, 558, 560, 

584. 

Forty-fourth, movements : i. 45, 49, 

51, 52, 71, 113. 118, 136, 137, 163, 
167, 183, 185, 271, 272, 273, 274, 
278, 279, 281, 284, 287, 289, 290, 
292, 294, 295, 298, 3C3, 304, 311, 
312, 313, 320, 338, 340, 341, 348, 
349. 350, 353. 355, 359. 360, 369, 
378, 381, 3,9. 424. 430. 434, 442. 
446, 450, 454, 465, 475, 507, 512, 
513, 529; promotions, 261,270, 291, 
298, 310, 329, 356, 362, 365, 370, 
394, 419, 429, 432, 457, 515, 560, 

581, 595. 

F'orty-hlth, movements : i. 49, 50, 68, 

136, 139. 154. 156, 274, 279, 280, 
281, 283, 286, 298, 299, 300, 303, 
304, 313. 320, 327, 340, 348, 350, 
353, 355, 360, 361, 369, 378, 381, 
4»5. 417, 430. 439. 440, 470. 472, 
483, 583, 604, 605, 607, 616; pro- 
motions, 261, 276, 354, 365, 372, 

412. 465, 532, 541, 542, 549, 592. 
Forty-sixth, movements: i. 118, 135, 
136, 137, 163, 164, 165, 353, 429, 
443, 446, 450, 462. 475. 508, 510. 
591. 596 ; promotions, 357, 412,432, 
464, 465, 526, 549, 569, 571. 
Forty-scvenlh, movemcnis : i. 40, 
272, 274, 276, 279, 281, 284, 299, 
302, 303, 304, 313, 320, 335, 338, 

361, 363^ 378, 555. 557. 613; promo- 
tions. 255, 261, 335. 365, 373, 390. 
F*orty-eighth, mentioned:!. 386, 596. 
Forty-ninth, movements: i. 43, 50, 
71, 118, 135, 136, 137, 156, 164, 165. 
272, 274, 278, 279, 281, 284, 286, 
295. 299, 300, 303, 304, 312. 320, 
336, 340. 344, 348, 349. 350. 353. 
355. 359, 360, 369, 378, 381, 399, 

439, 443. 446, 450, 470. 475. 484, 
511, 523, 543, 574; promotions, 262, 

352, 361, 375. 382, 395, 401, 470, 
530, 532, 566, 584, 589, 590. 
Fifty-second, movements: i. 40,46, 
50, 51, 52, 71, 105, III, 118, 121, 
127, 129, 130, 132, 133, 134, 136, 
138, 156, 272, 273, 275, 278, 281, 



440 



INDEX. 



284, 287, 289, 208, 299, 300, 303, 

304, 312, 320, 321, 337, 338, 340, 

349» 350, 352, 353, 355, 359, 360, 

363. 369. 378, 3S1. 4»7, 444, 447, 

453, 45S, 459, 462, 574, 580, 581, 

604, 605, 606, 607, 613, 614, 615, 

616, 617; promotions, 262, 291, 337, 

351, 356, 362, 368, 373, 374, 375, 

418, 429, 526, 532. 539, 540, 550, 

5^9, 585, 593. 

Fifiy-fourih, movements : i. 151, 547; 

promotions, 3S5, 416, 417, 518, 545. 
Fifty-fifih,moveraenis: i. 62,105,118, 
121, 135, 136, 137, 164, 165, 290, 
295, 296, 298, 299, 300, 303, 304, 
312, 316, 320, 321, 324, 326, 337, 
338, 340, 342, 347, 349, 350. 353, 
355, 359, 360, 369. 378, 381, 417, 
424, 434. 439, 445, 446. 462, 468, 
469, 475, 512, 542, 579, 587 ; pro- 
motions, 290, 330, 349, 356, 367, 377, 
394, 395, 427, 469. 470, 531, 532, 
543, 544. 545, 549, 572, 581, 586. 
Filiy-sevenih, movements: i. 90, 114, 

132, 133, 136, 138, 178, 186, 425, 
432, 439, 461, 467, 551, 604, 605, 
606, 613, 615. 619, 620, 621, 622, 
624, 625 ; promotions. 457, 532, 575. 
Filty-ninih, movements : i. 59, 62, 
253, 263, 269, 271, 272, 273, 275, 
287, 288. 295, 377. 
Sixtieth (Royal American), move- 
ments : i. 61, 195, 198, 199, 201, 202, 
203, 204. 205, 213, 220, 221, 222, 
460, 468, 581 ; il. I, 20, 21. 26, 
28, 32, 70, 74, 77, 79, 86, 89, 90, 
92, 102, 107. 108. Ill, 122, 127, 
128, 132. 136. 137, 151, 157, 160, 
161, 196, 210, 215, 231. 262, 378, 
382, 3S4, -402, 403, 412 ; promo- 
tions, 150, 437. 571, 573, 593 ; ii. 
76, 84, no, I45-, 277. 
Sixty-second, promotions: i. 351,390. 
S'xly-iliird, movements: i. 43, 50, 57, 
60, 120, 132, 133, 134, 136, 138, 
142, 167, 177. 178, 179, 257, 267, 
272. 273, 278, 281, 284, 2S5, 28q, 
290, 297, 299, 302, 303, 320. 337, 

340; 350. 352. 353. 354. 355, 3^>o, 
362, 369, 378. 381, 413. 42S. 463, 
555.593; promotions, i. 262.335, 339. 
356, 35'^. 470, 5^6, 532, 545, 550, 
568, 569. 572, 586. 
Sixty-fourth, movements: i. 68, 113, 
118, 135, 136, 137, 177, 179. 257, 
306. 335. 338. 340, 341. 347, 349. 
350, 353, 354, 355, 359, 3^0, 366, 
369, 371. 378, 38 r, 399. 430, 434, 
442, 446, 450, 454, 469, 475, 493, 
550, 555; promotions, 262. 264, 291, 



299, 329, 346, 349, 357, 365, 370, 
38 r, 417, 419, 427, 457, 470, 531. 

532, 55O1 55 r, 560, 566, 569. 
Sixty-fifth, movements : i. 50, 269, 
275, 281, 284, 296, 298, 303, 304, 
313, 320, 328, 338, 342. 349, 351, 

354» 359, 365. 367, 368, 381 ; pro- 
motions, 263, 264, 298, 337, 349, 
322, 361, 365. 370, 371. 
Sixty-ninth, mentioned : i. 205, 206, 
207. 

Seventy-first, movements : i. 85, 
86, 88, 93, 106, 126, 132, 135, 
147, 156, 165. 175, 178, 386, 391, 

393, 396, 398, 399, 400, 402, 405» 
407, 414, 443, 446, 471, 472, 475, 

477, 483. 487, 489, 493, 494, 604, 

bio, 611. 616, 617, 618, 619, 621, 

622, 623 ; promotions, 385, 427, 

533, 539, 545,- 565, 592. 

Seventy -ninth (Royal Liverpool 

Vols.), movements : ii. 10, ii, 18, 

20, 28, 32, 57, 67, 70, 74, 

75, 76. 77. 79. 80, 84, 102, ■ 

107, 108, III, 122, 127, 132. 136, 

137, 151, 157, t6i, 196, 215, 220, 

231, 262, 369, 378, 384, 412 ; pro- 
motions, 12, 97, 277. 

Eighty-second, mentioned : i. 176, 

177. 

Eighty-fourth (Royal Highland Emi- 
grants), movements : i. 331, 344, 
345. 347, 354, 358, 366, 367, 369, 
370. 371, 378, 479, 562 ; promo- 
tions, 359, 380, 385, 420, 432, 583. 

British King, hospital ship, i. 372. 

Briton, Colvil, ii. 387, 388. 

Broad Street, N. Y., i. 89. 

Broadway, N. Y., i. S9. 

Broderick. Daniel, i. 574, 580, 581. 

Broderick, Capt. Henry, i. 441. 470. 

Bronx River, N. Y., i. 95, <;9. 

Brooklyn, N. Y., fortified, i. 79; num- 
ber of troops at. 83 ; British march 
to, 85 ; evacuated, 86, 606, 619. 

Brookman, Mr., ii. 52, 363. 

Brown, Lieut. Charles, i. 429. 

Brown, Ensign George, i. 365. 

Brown, Lieut. George, ii. 4, 7, 12, 57, 
86, 88, 160, 196, 232, 262, 370, 380, 
382, 383, 389, 395, 402. 

Brown, John, i. 289. 

Brown, Lieut. John, i. 366. 

Brown. Ensign John IL, i. 457. 

Brow n, Lieut., i. 258. 

Brown. Lieut. Leonard, i. 375. 

Brown, Gen. Monfort, i. 109, 615, 616, 
624. Sec Provincial Corps, Prince 
of Wales Regiment. 

Brown, Rev. Mr., i. C09. 



INDEX. 



441 



Browne, Capt. Andrew, i. 261. 
Browne, Ensign Charles, ii. 84, 87, 

108, 277. 
Browne, Lieut. George, i. 542. 
Browne, Lieut. Henry B., i. 262. 
Browne, Lieut. John, i, 426. 
Browne, Lieut. John H., i. 595. 
Browne, Capt. Richard, i. 208. 
Browne, Ensign Richard, i. 390. 
Browne, Lieut. Robert, i. 540. 
Browne, Capt. William, i. 259, 333, 

355. 358, 394, .430. 
Browning, John, i. 380. 
Brownlow, Lieut. -Col. Charles, i. 242. 
Brownrigg, Lieut. J. Studh., i. 260. 
Brownrigg, Ensign John, ii. 403. 
Brownrigg, Ensign Robert, i. 264. 
Bruce, Major Andrew, i. 47, 283. 
Bruce, Lieut. -Col. Thomas, i. 269, 302, 

303, 307. 
Bruce, Dr. William, i. 287, 430, 433. 
Bruen, Major Henry, i. 391, 470, 480, 

601. 
Bniere, Capt. George, i. 460. 
Brumbach, Lieut, de, i. 137. 
Btumigham, Ensign, ii. 57. 
Brune, ship of war, i. 83. 
Brush, Mr., i. 143. 

Buccaneers, settlement of, ii. 421, '425. 
Buchanan, Capt., Queen's Rangers, i. 

529. 
Buck, Thomas, i. 556. 
Buckeridge, Lieut. James A., i. 437, 

518. 
Buckingham, Duke of, i. 12. 
Bulkeley, Capt. James, i. 584. 
Bulkeley, Ensign James, i. 390. 
Bulkely, Capt. Richard, ii. 11, 67, 70, 

76, 79, 95, 124, 197, 232, 263, 269, 

277, 278, 289. 
Bullock, Ensign Richard, i. 517. 
Buman, Lieut. Thomas, i. 252. 
Bunburv, Lieut. Benjamin, i. 400. 
Banker s Hill, battle of, i. 44, 46, 115. 
Burford, Thomas, i. 499, 500. 
Burgoyne, Gen. John, i. 46, 90, 91, 

94, 95, 124, 125, 131, 133, 138, 139, 

140, 141, 142, 146, 147, 148, 325, 

351, 534. 535, 536, 537, 538, 539. 
Burke, Patrick, ii. 401. 
Burke, Thomas, i. 261. 
Burley, Mr., i. 344. 
Bum, Corporal, i. 257. ' 

Bumam, William, i. 624. 
Burns, Capt. George, i. 356. 
Burrard, Capt. Henry, i. 571. 
Burrow, Ensign Medlust, i. 262. 
Burrows, Capt., i. 137. 
Burrows, Thomas, i. 498, 499. 
Burt, Mr., i. 26. 

VOL. II. — 29 



Burton, Charles Smith, i. 565, 567, 570. 
Buskirk, Col, Abraham, i. no, 130, 

182. 
Butler, Chadlock, i. 601. 
Butler, James, i. 583. 
Butler, Lieut. James G., i. 464. 
Butler, Mr., i. 333. 
Butler, Lieut.-Col. William, i. 47, 321, 

348. 
Byrd, Otway, i. 103. 
Byrne, Doctor, ii. 378. 
Byron, Admiral John, i. 155, 156, 157, 

158, 161, 164, 165, 166, 167, 168, 

174, 176. 

Caddelle, Capt. Edward, ii. 75, 197, 

323, 357. 
Caines, James, i. 289. 

Cairncross, Capt., of sloop Nicaragua, 

ii. 286. 
Cairns, Colvil, ii. 35, 52, 275, 2S6, 290,* 

291, 314, 315, 316, 321, 324, 350, 

351, 355. 357, 363. 
Cairns, James^ i. 424, 428. 

Calder, Lieut.-Col. Henry, i. 70, 299, 

300, 412, 445, 559, 561. 
Calder, Capt. Patrick, i. 569. 
Caiderhead, Mr., ii. 122. 
Caldwell, Ensign Henry, ii. 57, 119, 

269, 278, 305, 365. 370. 
Caldwell, Lieut.-Col. Henry, i. 427. 
Callaghan, Capt. James, i. 262, 568, 

569. 
Cambridge, England, i. 29. 

Cambridge, Mass., provincial Congress 
removes ifrom, i. 41, 42, 60 ; riflemen 
at, 58 ; operations at, 60, 67. 

Cameron, Ensign, ii. 43, 138, 157, 161, 

274. 302, 304. 354. 
Cammeron, Lieut. Alan, i. 418. 
Campbell, Capt. Alexander, i. 545, 553, 

561, 562, 563. 
Campbell, Capt. Archibald, i. in, 377, 

395. 
Campbell, Gen. Archibald, ii. 285, 336, 

337, 406. 

Campbell, Lieut. Archibald, i. 565. 

Campl>cll, Capt., i. 29. 

Campbell, Capt. Colin, i. 260, 395, 

533- 
Campbell, Lieut. David, i. 345^ 

Campbell, Ensign Dougald, i. 548. 

Campbell, Capt. Dongal, i. 532, 592. 

Campbell, Ensign, George, i. 532, 580. 

Campbell, Lieut.-Col. George, i. 371, 

374, 395, 398, 402, 414. 
Campbell, Ensign James, i. 427, 518, 

548. 
Campbell, Lieut. Jan)«s, i. 467. 
Campbell, John, i. 510, 511. 



442 



INDEX. 



Campbell, Capt. John, i. 581 ; ii. 18, 

77, 276, 273. 
Campbell, Ensign John, i. 207, 209, 

213. 215, 217, 518. 
Campbell, Gen. John, i. 127, 165, 173, 

174. 348, 457. 461; 467. 612, 617, 618, 

622, 623. 
Campbell^ Lieut. John, i. 278, 390, 

531. 553. 562; ii. 43, 45, 54, 122, 

301, 378. 
Campbell, Gen, John F., ii. 63. 
Campbell, Mr., pilot, ii. 61. 
Campbell, Mr., quarter-master, ii. 211, 

360. 361, 378. 
Campbell, Lieut. -Col. Mungo, i. 130, 

134, 138, 151, 292, 294, 321. 326, 

356, 394, 4I7» 526. 
Campbell, Capt. Patrick, i. 419, 479. 
Campbell, Lord William, i. 84. 
Canada, military operations in, i. 66, 
* 67, 76 ; troops for West Indies, 196, 

218. 
Cane, Lieut. Barney, i. 377. 
Cannon, Capt. John, i. 575. 
Cannon, Patrick, i. 430. 
Cape Antonio, ii. 180. 
Cape Cameron, ii. 419 ; river, 429. 
Cape Cod, Mass., i. 70, 167, 174, 237. 
Cape Gracias a Dios, ii. 42, 189, 190, 

191, 21T. 281, 376, 422, 425, 426. 
Capes of Delaware, i. 155. 
Carataska, Lagoon, ii. 426. 
Garden, Capt. Hans, ii. 165, 167, 169, 

172, 178, 185, 189. 
Carey, Joseph, i. 276. 
Carleton, Gen. Guy, i. 60, 96, 97.98, 538. 
Carlisle, Lord, i. 151. 
Carmichael, James, i. 261. 
Carmichael, Capt. Robert, i. 568. 
Carncross, Major Hugh, i. 40. 
Carpenter's River, ii. 193. 
Can-. Col. Robert, i. 96, 285, 332, 338, 

417. 
Carricjue, Lieut. Richard, i. 259, 265. 
Carrol, Lieut. Dwyer, i. 262, 590. 
Carruthcrs, Lieut. John, ii. 136, 149. 
Carlaga, ii. 40. 42, 44. 45, 193, 202, 

203, 222, 234. 273, 274, 387 ; river, 

5. 9. 274- 
Carter, Lieut. William, i. 260, 261, 531. 

Carthagena, ii. 42, 44, 61, 173, 215, 

273. 
Cascot, Del., i. 490. 

Cash man. Ensign Thomas, i. 530, 544. 

Castle, Ensign John, i. 549. 

Castor, Henjamin. i. 257. 

Caihcart, Capt. Andrew, i. 136, 588. 

Cecil Court House, Md., i. 485. 

Centurion, ship of war, i. 65, 74, 78, 

I55» 33i>. 



Cerberus, ship of war, i. 59. 

Chadwicke, Ensign Frederick, i. 376. 

Chadwicke, Capt. James, i. 370. 

Chalmers, Ueui.-Col. James, i. 566, 
577. See Provincial Corps, Mary- 
land Loyalists, 

Chamier, Daniel, Commissary-Gen., i. 

315, 331. 
Champagne, Lieut. Forbes, i. 307, 364, 

558, 592. 593. 

Chandler, Lieut. William, i. 252. 

Chandless, Capt. Charles, i. 335. 

Channerly, Major, marine forces, i. 290. 

Chapman, Lieut. Ligonier, i. 136. 

Chapman, Lieut. Thomas, i. 426, 594. 

Charleston, Pa., i. 501. 

Charleston, S. C, attack on, i. 82 ; Brit- 
ish troops from, arrive at N. Y., 83. 

Charlestown, Mass., British troops form 
at, i. 43 ; heights occupied ,.43 ; oper- 
ations of the troops at, 45, 47, 52, 59, 
65, 67, 68, 115, 271, 272, 273. 274, 
275, 281, 282, 283, 284, 291, 293. 
294, 302, 307, 313. 

Charlton, Ensign Edward, i. 549. 

Charlton, Lieut. John, ii. 21, 86, 90, 

378. 
Ch-'rlton, Capt. William, i. 199, 329, 

364, 464, 541. 
Charlton, Lieut. William, i. 394. 
Charming Nancy, transport, i. 56. 
Charming Nelly, transport, i. 361. 
Charon, ship of war, ii. 165, 170, 178, 

179, 183, 184, 185. 
Chatham, Lord, i. 28. 
Chatham, ship of war, i. 82, 326. 
Chaltaway, Sergeant, i. 202. 
Cheap, Mr., i. 349. 
Cheeseman, Capt. Jacob, i. 66. 
Chelsea Hospital, i. 11. 
Chepstow, England, i. 21, 22. 
Chesapeake Bay, i. 131. 
Cheshire, Ensign Edward, i. 549. 
Chester, Pa., i. 132. 
Chester, Major William, i. 220, 22i, 

222. 
Chestnut Hill, Pa., i. 151. 
Chetwynd, Capt. W^illiam, i. 51, 353, 

429. 
Chichester, England, i. 13. 
Child, Mr., i. 11. 

Chisholme, Lieut. Valentine, i. 562. 
Christian, Dr. Thomas, i. 437. 
Christie, Gen. Gabriel, i. 208, 209, 

211, 213. 218. 
Christie, Commissary James, i. 400. 
Christie, Ensign Napier, i. 390. 
Christie, Capt. Robert, i. 260. 
Clanricarde, Lord, i. 15. 
Clarence, Duke of, i. 23. 



INDEX. 



443 



Clariac, Lieut. Manuel de, ii. 176, 

177. 
Clark, Miss, i. 108. 

Clark, Ensign Thomas, i. 216. 

Clarke, Lieut. -Col. Alured, i. 584, 585. 

Clarke, Capt., ii. 45, 279, 282, 308. 

Clarke, Elisaheih, i. 601, 602. 

Clarke, Lieut. John, i. 377, 378. 

Clarke, John, quarter-master, i. 571. 

Clarkson, Sergeant, i. 508. 

Cleaveland, Capt. Samuel, i. 370, 464. 

Cleaveland, Gen. Samuel, i. 39, 40, 
254, 295, 298, 311, 312, 313, 314, 
329. 331, 355.. 363. 368, 369, 374, 
396, 403, 409, 410, 413, 441, 447, 

454, 544. 
Clements, Thomas, ii. 334, 344, 348. 

Clerk, Lieut. -Col. George, i. 103, 325, 
379, 412, 473. 

Cliffe, Capt. Loftus, i. 569. 

Cliffe, Lieut. Waller, i. 432, 592. 

Clifton, Lieut;-Col. Alfred, i. 566, 577, 
600. See Provincial Corps, Roman 
Catholic Vols. 

Clinch, Lieut. Peter, i. 356. 

Clinton, Gen. Sir Henry, in Boston, i. 
50, 51. 272, 284, 290, 297, 299 ; at 
New York, 69, 83, 384 ; batile of 
Long Island, 85; commands in West- 
chester, 94. 97, 386, 387, 389, 393, 
396, 39^ » 399i 403 ; rumor of a sepa- 
rate command, 96, loi ; operations 
in New Jersey, 105, 415, 418, 468 ; 
commands on New York island, 124, 
125, 126, 128, 134 ; marches to Tarry- 
town, 133 ; captures forts Mont- 
gomery and Clinton, 134, 138, 523 ; 
unfriendly towards Col. Kemble, 
140, 171, 183 ; his quarters in New 
York city, 143; succeeds Gen. Howe 
as commander-in-chief, 149, 579, 
624; sails for Philadelphia, 150 ; his 
movements there, 151, 152, 153, 546, 
548, 551 ; evacuates Philadelphia, 
153-, 594 ; his march to Sandy Hook, 
I53» 594-^3 ; battle of Monmouth, 
154, 600, 602 ; headquarters at New 
York, 156; consults with Lord Howe, 
158, 161 ; at Rhode Island, 162 ; 
lands at Stony Point, 167, 179, 181 ; 
visits Long Island, 175 ; provides for 
Major Ai^dre, 185, 187, 188; rank 
of major-general, 351 ; his general 
orders, 586-603 ; his thanks to the 
army, 602. 

Close, Lieut., i. 137, 529. 

Clove, N. Y., i. 125, 126, 155, 179. 

Cochrane, Capt. Thomas, i. 593. 

Cockburne, Lieut. Col. James, i. 298, 
364, 417, 607. 



Codrington, Governor, i. 27. 

Coffee House, N. Y., i. i. 

Coffin, Messrs., i. 288. 

Coffin, Lieut. S'athaniel, i. 252. 

Coghlan, Ensign, ii. 403. 

Coghlan, Lieut. John, i. 364, 

Coghlan, Lieut, Roger, i. 199, 215. 

Cohassel, Mass., i. 67, 

Coke, Lieut. William G., ii. 248, 

Colburn, Lieut., ii. 23, 117, 269, 277, 

378. 
Cole, Dr, Penel, i. 362, 
Cole's Ferry, Staten Island, i. 455, 457, 

459, 461, 463. 465, 466, 467. 
Colcthrate, Mary, i. 601, 602. 
Collet, Capt. John, i. 624, 
Collier, Capt. Edward, i. 569. 
Collier, Sir George, i. 178, 181, 184. 
Collington, Lieut, John W., i. 529, 531, 
CoUinglon, Lieut. Queen's American 

Rangers, i. 541. 
Collins, Lieut.-Col. Arthur T., i. 306, 

307, 313, 317, 352. 
Collins, Capt., ii. 5, 13, 20, 23, 26, 48, 

123, 233, 407, 413. 
Collins, Capt. of ship True Briton, i, 

227. 
Collins, Charles, i. 352, 
Collins, Lieut. George, i. 258, 347. 
Collins, Mr., ii. 187, 188, 191, 192, 
Collins, Richard, i. 569, 570, 571, 573, 
Collis, Ensign Edward, i. 530. 
Colloghan, Thomas, i. 557, 
Colorado River, ii. 35, 221, 222, 243, 

253. 254, 273, 300, 303, 309, 324, 

352, 354, 364, 367. 372. 

Columbus, privateer, i. 149. 

Colvill, Lieut. Hugh, i. 417, 518, 

Colvill, Capt. William, ii. 12, 13, 97, 
197, 271, 277, 378. 407. 

Comayagua, Honduras, ii. 236. 

Compo Creek, Conn., i, 116, 

Complon, Capt. William, i. 371. 

Conanicut Island, R. I., i. 160. 

Concannen, Mr., midshipman, ii. 173. 

Concord, Mass., provincial congress 
meet at, i. 42 ; action at, 42. 

Congreve, Capt. William, i. 255. 

Connecticut, troops from, enter New 
York city, i. 70 ; march against Bur- 
goyne, 91 ; Tryon'.s expedition to 
Danhury, 114, 115, 116; hostile to 
the British, 116 ; Putnam asks for 
reinforcements, 134 ; acts of par- 
liament received in, 150 ; Tryon's 
expedition to New Haven and Fair- 
field, 179 ; relief for British prisoners 
in, 446, 465. 

Conner, Lieut. Constant, i. 271. 

Connolly, John, iv 585. 



444 INDEX. 

Connn. Major Henry, i. 376, 422, 434, Costa Rica River, ii. 9, 34, 43, 222, 

450. 252. 

Continental Congress addresses Gov. Cotter, Serjt. George, i. 275. 

Gage on affairs in Boston, i. 39 ; New Cotton, Capt. Richard, i. 430. 

York Assembly refuses to adopt its Coughran, James, ii. 401. 

measares, 41 ; endorsed by New Cousseau, Major James, i. 445. 

Jersey and Pennsylvania, 42; Kem- Cowdray House, i. 14. 

ble*s portrait of the leaders in, 62 ; Cox, Thomas, i. 424. 

tbeir declaration of independence. Cox, Capt. William, i. 530, 541. 

81 ; Gen. SalUvan*s visit, 86, 87 ; Cox and Mair, Messrs., i. 186, 187. 

commissioners visit Lord Howe, 87; Coxe, Mr., museum of, i. 11. 

orders a new levy of troops, 90 ; Craig, Major Peler, i. 551, 604. 

sone members dissatisfied with inde- Craige, Lieut. George, i, 581. 

pendence, 91; effect of the acts of Cramond, Lieut. James, i. 152. 

potriiameiit on, 150; arrival of British Cramond, Capt. John,*i. 258, 330. 

OMnmissioners, 151, 152, 153. Cramar, Fr., musician, i. 28. 

Cook, Lient., it 21, 37S, Crane's Ferry, N. J., i. 173. 

Cook, r>r. Piercy, ii. 137, 138, 248, Craskell, Ensign Robert^ ii. 26, 149, 

304, 372, 395. 262. 

Cooke, CapL Pierce, ii. 8, 13. 72, 220, Craskell, Lieut. Thomas, ii. 23, 55, 56, 

221, 247, 24S. 391. • 268, 276, 

Cooke, Cap*. Stephen, i. 136, 584. Craven, Benjamin, i. 541. 

Cooke, Caft. WiUiara. i. 464, Crawford, Lieut. Daniel, i. 557. 

Cookens Indians ii. 422, Cresap, Capt. Michael, i. 57. 

Cov»ke's Island, ii. 253. Crewe, Major Richard, i. 105, 310, 589. 

C<!«oke'> P&rt, ii. 8, I3» 34. 35. 47, 52. Cribb, Major Richard, ii. 12, 97, 277. 

54, 2aa 221, 2S$. 294, 295, 300, 304, Crispin, Silver, i. 552. 

W(). ^X|, 3^4, 365, 367, 368. 371, Croker, Ensign John, i. 335. 

^^$1, iSS, 41S. Croker, Capt. John, i. 572. 

Cci^rl Capt.. it 7. Croker, Lieut. Taylor, i. 574- 

Coc^per, Capt, David, i. 34- Croker, Ensign Thomas, i. 549. 

Coote, Ueat. Evre, i. 5tv4. 427. 5S4. Crosbie, Capt. William, i. 356, 588. 

Crosby, Edward, i. 424, 428. 



Cross, John C, i. 295. 



Cv>pe, Liect Jame*, i. 273- 

Co'pe, F.ni^ij^T^ Tctjeph. i. 545- 

v>pp*5 Hili. Masss, i. 44- Crosswicks, N. J., i. 598. 

CxAm U^ar.cs^ li. 4-. 47. »<J3» 25S. 261, Croutch River, ii. 426. 

:-2. ^^^. ui. v^i. 3$ju Cuba, ii. 274. 

C^^m River, r, 4ii- Cucilar, Josef de, ii. 176. 

Corr.^-A":ik Oen. Lord Charles, arrives Cuffe, Major Michael, i. 572. 

a: N>«^ Y.xrk frv>m Charleston, i. 83 ; CuUen, Dr. William, i. 368. 

in Ki::> v^' long Idand. 85: in West- Cummings, Ensign James, i. 137, 531. 

vh<^:er. oc, >>x 4v>ci. 411: captures Cuninghame, Lieut. George A., i. 109, 

Kvvt I <<•. KM. 41 ;: his movements in 375. 

New ler^*Y, k\:.^o^. na. 122. 123, Cuninghame, Col. Robert, i. 335. 

ic*^ it^t. '4l^x 4i^. 443. 444. 448. Cunningham, Lieut. Ralph, i. 270. 

^tTv 451; at Su^v Point, iSl, 1S6. Cunningham, Serjeant, i. 509. 

\<- pc\-wiv^iev; K> Maior-General. 351; Curasoa, ii. 26, 304, 387. 

a tjurk v^ Fv>n Washington, 409; aid- Currey, Ensign Hunter, i. 137, 530. 

vi<sc*nuxs. 44t <ai; commands on Currie, Ensign Andrew, i. 457. 

ST*:ett Island. 455. 457. 4^o. 462, Curry, Thomas, J. 296. 



103, 139. 



un'^C 4?^ his cxMumand in the ex- Cushing, John, i. 322. 

^^c^^.:*s^«^ 'against Philadelphia, 475, Cuyler, Major Cornelius, i, 

i-<. 4^x1. 45^1. 4^. 4^7. 4^5. 491. MS, 356, 417. 545. 

4,.v* ^v^^; takes p^vssession of Phila- ^ 

x><^aVia <^^. ^^^. 54^J march to Dalling, Gen. John, his residence at 

S*^'v ilvvvk ^it^; thanked by Gen. Jamaica, ii. 63 ; organizes an ex e- 

v:J;n>«. CxNi/ ' ^i^»^" ffi^'"^' Nicaragua, 68, 165. 

V\s5tt*. H<^rr; 11.4*5^ '^5' thanks Capt. Poison, no; 

v\Nnvs KWh K>Hn IL. i. 5<^ . ^^^^ ^ douceur for the soldiers, 142, 

V\M>^^ Kwr: rii., u 153. »•«' ^^9 ; instructions to Capt. Dal- 



INDEX. 



445 



rymple, 187 ; instructions to Capt. 
Poison, igi ; instructions to Col. 
Kemble, 197, 236, 242 ; informs 
Lord Germain of the capture of St. 
John's castle, 210 ; intends to com- 
mand the expedition to Nicara^a, 
229, 259, 261 ; letters to Col. Kemhle, 
229, 230, 232, 233. 239, 241. 245, 246, 
247, 259, 260, 261, 264, 268, 269, 278. 
279, 291, 307, 331, 332, 376; his 
opinion of the Spaniards, 236 ; in- 
structions to Capt. Gleadowe, 256, 
258 ; to remain in command at 
Jamaica, 264 ; instructions to Dr. 
Irving, 281 ; instructions to Capt. 
Clarke, 282 ; gives orders to abandon 
the campaign, 376, 419. 

Dalma River, Nic, ii. 219. 

Dalrymple, Capt. George, i. 242. 

Dalrymple, Capt. Samuel, ii. 18, 197. 

Dalrymple. Col. William, ii. i, 7, 13, 
16, 23, 24, 31, loi, 109, III, 126; 
report on the capture of St. Fernando 
de Omoa, 165-185 ; 228, 238, 239, 
241, 243, 279, 283, 358, 4c6, 408, 
413, 422. 

Dalton, Lieut. Dominick F., i. 401, 

Dalion, Joseph, i. 262. 

Daly, Capt. Peter, i. 206. 

Danbury, Conn., Tryon's expedition 
to, i. 114, 115, 116, 164. 

Dancer, Dr. Thomas, ii. 37, 94, 196, 
222, 232, 269. 279, 297, 298, 309. 

Dancey, Capt. William, i. 136. 

Danfonh, Lieut. Thomas, i. 252. 

Dan vers, Mass., Gov. Gage, resides at, 

i. 39- 
Darby, Lieut. Charles, i. 531. 

Darby, Lieut. Col. John, i. 329. 

Darcier, Capt. Juan, ii. 177. 

Darcy, Lieut. Constantine, i. 588. 

Darley, Ensign Edward H., i. 549. 

Dartmouth, N. S., i. 329, 336, 338. 

Dasiiex, Capt. Juan, ii. 173. 

Daunt, Ensign Thomas, i. 385. 

Davenport, Uriah, i. 585. 

Davers, Sir Charles, i. 29. 

Davidson, Doctor, ii. 47, 54, 139. 

Davies, Mr., i. 381. 

Davis, Capt., of Irish vols., ii. 23, 25, 

26, 27, 31, 35, 47. 
Davis, Capt. Edward, ii. 15, 17, 20, 50, 

51, 132, 134, 136, 138, 142, 161, 247, 

297, 305, 3", 312, 313. 349. 385. 
386, 390, 391, 408, 409, 411, 414, 

415. 
Davis, Lieut. Edward, ii. 26, 28, 197, 

231. 

Davis, Ensign John, ii. 76, 248, 378. 

Davis, Miss, i. 28. 



Davis, Lieut. William, i. 549. 
Dawson, Capt., of the navy, i. 66,67, 69. 
Dawson, Lieut. George, i. 446, 465. 
Dawson, Serjeant, i. 288. 
Day, Ensign John, i. 337, 385, 
Dayton, Gen. Elias, i. 130. 
Dea, Miss, i. 30, 38. 
Decker's Ferry, Staten Island, i. 79, 

80, 8r, 82, 114, 127, 434,459- 
De Courcy, Capt. James, i. 136. 
Deerhursf, Lieut. George, i. 419, 550. 
Deering, Capt. Charles, i. 401, 
Defiance, ship of war, i. 186. 
De Forstner, Lieut., i. 137. 
Deighton, I-ieut. Robert, i. 572. 
Delamain, Lieut. Thomas M., i. 260, 

377. 
De Lancey, Gen. Oliver, i. 79. 152, 

156, 165, 384, 419, 589, 604, 607, 610, 

611, 612, 614, 616, 624, 
Delancey, Mrs. Oliver, i. 145. 
Delancey's Mills, N. Y., i. 99, 408, 

413. 
Delaware River, explosion on, i. 113, 

153. 
Delawarr, Lieut. William, i. 566, 

Dement, Capt., i. 512, 513. 

De Nap, Ensign , ii. 28, 378. 

Dennis, Lieut. Bernard, i. 531. 

I)enyse\s Ferry, L. I., i. 186, 419. 

Derby, Rev. John, i. 335. 

Derry, Adam, i. 601. 

Desaguliers, Lieut., i. 60. 

Desnaux, Col. Simon, ii. 173, 177. 

Despard, Capt. Andrew, ii. 70, 83, 126, 
129, 197. 231. 

Despard, Lieut. Edward M., ii. 12. 15, 
17. 20, 22, 28, 29, 49, 57, 68, 196, 
209, 211, 232, 318, 319. 329, 350, 

352, 371, 372. 383, 396. 401, 408, 409, 

411, 415. ^Qt preface . 
Despard, Major John, i. 530, 575, 586. 
Despencer, Lord, i. 9. 
De Trumbach, Regiment, i. 133. 
Devonish, Doctor, ti. 359. 
Diamond, .ship of war, ii. 36, 38, 47, 

48, 166, 311, 312, 338, 344, 346. 
Diana, merchant vessel, i. 36. 
Dickinson, John, a piddling genius, i. 

52. 563- 
Dickson, Lieut. -Col. Alexander, i, 356. 

Digby, N. S., i. 240, 241. 

Di^by, Lieut. Thomas, i. 569. 

Diligence, armed vessel, i. 74. 

Diikes, Major Thomas, i. 251, 470. 

Dilson, Admiral, ii. 257. 

Dil worth. Pa., i. 493, 494, 495. 

Disney. Major Daniel, i. 313, 355, 358, 

362, 622, 624. 
Ditmas, Capt. Harry, i. 416. 



44^ 



INDEX. 



Dixon, Lieut. -Col. Alexander, i. 356, 

417. 
Dixon, Capt. Charles, ii. 22, 46, 51, 

52, 55. 56, 91. I49» 262, 273, 293. 
294, 3CX), 303, 306, 309, 313, 318, 

330, 331, 349. 352, 364. 365, 368, 

369, 373. 383. 388, 395. 401. 
Dobbins, Capt, Thomas, ii. 300, 346, 

368. 
Dobbs Ferry, N. Y., i. 97, 98, 99, 403, 

407. 
Dobson, Capt. Henry, i. i. 
Dolphin, schooner, ii. 61, 369, 374. 
Donkin, Major Robert, i. 411, 413, 

434,515.530. 
Donnegan, Richard, i. 561. 
Donop, Col. William H. A., i. 84, 85, 

93, 97, 104, 128, 129, 289, 413, 446, 

451, 463, 475. 479. 497, 524. 
Doran, Corporal, i. 219. 
Dorchester, Mass., military movements 

at, i. 44, 45. 48, 71, 72, 73. 
Dorcus, Ensign James, i. 260. 
Dordon, Dr., i. 368. 
Dotierlin, Serjeant, ii. 160. 
Douespe, Capt. Henry de la, i. 566. 
Dougall, Malcolm, i. 424. 
Douglas, Ensign David, i. 566. 
Douglas, Capt. James, i. 136. 
Douglas, Lieut. James, ii. 76, 248, 378. 
Douglass, Dr. William, i. 330. 
Dowlin, Lieut. Christopher, ii. 136, 

143, 145, 197. 232, 332. 
Downes, Capi. Edward, i, 464. 
Downing, Capt. Henry, i. 136, 
Doyle, Lieut. John, i. 370. 
Doyle, Lieut. -Col. Welbore E., i. 347, 

545. 586. 
D'Oyly, Lieut. Hadly, i. 136, 418, 

532. 
Drummond, Lieut. Adam, i. 136, 531. 
Drummond, Major Duncan, i. 567, 

587. 
Drunimond, Lieut. Gavin, i. 532. 
Drummond, Dr. Patrick, i. 533. 
Drury, Capt. Edward, i. 136, 358, 359, 

532. 
Drury, Lieut. James, i. 532. 
Dryburgh, Peter, i. 424. 
Dubuque, Monsieur, engineer, i. 47, 55. 
Duchess of Gordon, armed vessel, i. 79. 
Dulce, Gulf of, ii. 166, 175, 179, 239, 

241. 
Dumarasque, Lieut. J., i. 471, 549. 
Dunbar, Ensign George, i. 264. 
Dunbar, Lieut. Thomas, i. 361. 
Duncan, Captain, i. 486. 
Duncan, James, i. 555. 
Dundas, Mnjor Thomas, i. 290, 297, 

352, 353. 358. 438. 



pundass, Lieut. Francis, i. 566 ; ii. 

173. 
Dunlap, Ensign Charles, i. 529. 

Dunlevie, Corporal, i. 257. 

Dun more. Lord, i. 84. 

Dunn, Thomas, ii. 136. 

Dutchess Co., N. Y., tories in, i. 94. 

Dution, Lieut. John, i. 44. 

Dutton, Mr., i. 20. 

Dyer, Lieut. John, i. 290. 

Dyer, Capt. John S., i. 566. 

Eagle, ship of war, i. 122, 162, 472, 

473, 474. 
Eagle, transport, i. 360. 

Earl of Dunmore, merchant vessel, i. 

I, 8. 

Earl of Eflfingham, transport, i. 361. 

Easop, William, i. 361. 

East Chester, N. Y., i. 93, 99, 131, 

143, 413. 
Eberard, Ensign George, i. 211, 216, 

218. 
Eccleston, Lieut. John D., i. 261, 262. 
Echo, transport, i. 190. 
Ecuyier, Capt. Simeon, i. 571. 
Eden, William, Lord Auckland, i. 151. 
Edwards, Lieut. James, i. 136, 593. 
Egg Harbor, N. J., i. 16. 
Egremont, Earl, i. 14, 15. 
Elizabeth Town, N. J., i. 103, 106, 

173, 419. 434. 
Elizabeth Town Point, N. J., action at, 

i. 81, 127, 132. 
Elk Ferry, Md., i. 477, 478. 
Elk, Head of, Md., i. 479, 483, 487. 
Elliot, Andrew, i. 605. 
Elliot, Lieut. Francis Percival, i. 259, 

462. 
Elliot, Capt. James, i. 364. 
Ellis, Lieut. Samuel, i. 290, 349. 
Elliston, Capt. Peter H., i. 381. 
Elphinsione, Capt. George K., i. 167, 

182. 
El win, Lieut. Peter, i. 593. 
Emerson, John, i. 514. 
Emmerick, Lieut. -Col. Andreas, i. 132, 

133, 144, 145, 606. 
Empress of Russia, transport, i. 360. 
Endfield, Conn., i. 147. 
Engel, Capt. Samuel, i. 261. 
England, Lieut. Patrick, i. 464, 549. 
English, John, i. 352. 
English, Mr., i. 30. 
English Neighborhood, N. J., i. 155, 

156. 
Englishtown, N. J., i. 153. 
Erkelens, Mr., i. 30, 32, 33, 34, 38. 
Erskine, Gen. William, i. 93, 96, 109, 

116, 117, 156, 167, 177, 384, 602. 



INDEX. 



447 



Esling, Rudolph, i. 543. 

Esopus, N. Y., i. 555. 

Estaing, Count de, i. 155, 157, 159, 

164, 166, 172, 176, 186, 189. 
Etcheson, Capt. of brig Polly, ii. 349. 
Etherington, Col. George, i. 198, 200, 

201. 
Europe, ship of war, i. 186. 
Eustace, Ensign Charles, i. 531. 
Evans, Capt. Edward, i. 560. 
Evans, Ensign John, i. 137, 531, 543. 
Evans, Lieut. William, i. 372. 
Evelyn, Capt. William G., i. 94, 416. 
Everard, Lieut. Thomas P., i. 259, 265. 
Everest, Capt. John C, i. 262, 346, 

371. 
Everett, Capt. Joseph, ii. 48, 49, 51, 

57, 244. 312, 315, 317, 330, 336, 343. 
Evershara, N. J., i. 595. 
Eves, William, i. 288, 289. 
Ewald, Capt. John, i. 448. 
Exchange, N. Y., i. 89. 
Experiment, ship of war, i. 160, 161. 
Experiment, transport, i. 359. 
Eyre, Ensign William, i. 363. 

Fahy, Lieut. James, ii. 23, 26, 32, 35, 

55, 72, 140, 145, 196, 231, 332. 
Fairfield, Conn., i. 179. 
Fairholme, Johnston, i. 80. 
Falconer, Lieut. William, i. 136, 416, 

530. 
Fallin, Martin, i. 574, 575. 
Falmouth, England, i. 8. 
Falmouth, Me., destroyed, i. 61. 
Famby, Serjeant, i. 295. 
Fanning, Col. Edmund, i. 133, 239, 

616, 617, 618. See Provincial Corps 

Kings American Rtgiment. 
Fanning, Lieut., ii. 117, 269, 277, 378. 
Farquhar, Ensign James, ii. 19, 248. 
Farquhar, Ensign John, ii. 106, 269, 

277. 
Farr, Mr., i. 18. 
Farrer, Ensign James, i. 259. 
Farrier, Capt. John, i. 258. 
Farrington, Capt. Anthony, i. 331. 
Farrington, John, i. 295. 
Father's Good Will, transport, i. 360. 
Faucitt, Capt. Walker D., i. 581. 
Favorite, transport, i. 360. 
Fead, Lieut. George, ii. 378. 
Fearon, Ensign George, i. 265. 
Felicity, transport, i. 359. 
Fell, John, i. 114. 
Feltham, Capt. Jocelyn, i. 545. 
Fenner, Capt. Samuel, i. 259. 
Fenton, Serjt. Peter, i. 607. 
Ferguson, Major David, i. 531, 532. 
Ferguson, Major Joseph, i. 412. 



Ferguson, Capt. Patrick, i. 135, 137, 
164, 178, 179. 443, 446. 448,450, 

454. 455. 466, 475, 477, 4S4. 48^. 
Ferguson, Ensign Robert, i. 259. 
Fernadez, Col. Antonio, ii. 176, 177. 
Fesling, Ensign Maurice G., i. 390. 
Few, William, i. 92. 
Field, Dr. John, i. 362. 
Fielding, Capt. Charles, i. 166-167. 
Fielding, Capt. William, i. 566, 578. 
Fiervall. Signor, i. 28. 
Figis, Mary,, i. 561. 
Finch, Capt. John, i. 123. 
Fish, Capt. Benjamin, i. 136, 394. 
Fish Kill. N. Y., i. 126, 134, 164. 
Fisher, John, i. 597. 
Fisher, Corporal John, i. 554, 556, 560. 
Fisher, Mr., i, 28, 208. 
Fisher's L<«land, N. Y., raided by the 

British, i. 55. 
Fisher's Mill, Md.. i. 487. 
Fitzgerald, Lieut. Henry, i. 26c. 
Fitzgerald, Ensign James, i. 545. 
Fitzgerald, Lieut. Thomas, ii. 248, 249, 

378. 
Fitzgibbon, Gerald, ii. 104, 108, 119, 
269, 278, 302, 305, 365, 370, 394, 

395. 
Fitz-Hamon, Robert, i. 23. 

Fitzpatrick, Bernard, i. 574, 575. 

Fitzpatrick, James, i. 296. 

Fitzpatrick, Lieut. Nathaniel, i. 529, 

590- 
Fitzpatrick, Capt. Richard, i, 561, 564, 

566. 
Fiva, Anthony, i. 471. 
Fivallier, Capt. Joseph, ii. 177. 
Flanagan, Owen, i. 278. 
Flatbush, N. Y., i. 85, 124, 152, 384. 
Flaitenberg Hill, N. Y., i. 89. 
Fleming, John, i. 208, 209, 212, 213. 
Fleming, Lady, i. 29. 
Fleming, Capi. Michael, i. 299. 
Fletcher, Lieut. Duncan, i. 546. 
Flora, hospital ship, ii. 46, 48, 55, 

138, 300, 308, 312, 313, 366. 368. 
Florida, military operations in, i. 165, 

189. 
Flowers, George, ii. 136, 138, 144, 332, 

333. 338, 343, 344. 
Flushing, N. Y., military movements 

at, i. 86, 92, 161, 384. 

Flynn, Capt., ii. 45, 138, 295, 301, 304, 

310. 353, 3^5. 
Foley, Mr., i. 23. 
Fonley, Mr., ii. 19. 
Foote, Mr., i. 19. 

Forbes, Lieut. Alexander P., i. 364. 
Forbes, Lieut. John, i. 346, 576. 
Ford, Ensign Samuel, i. 262. 



448 



INDEX. 



Fordham, N. Y., i. 414. 
Fordyce, Capt. Charles, i. 333. 
Forrest, Capt. James, i. 270, 271. 
Forriano, Lieut. George, i. 419. 
Forster, Dr. Thompson, i. 362. 
Forster, Capt. W., ii. 36, 38. 
Fort Augusta, Jamaica, ii. 6. 
Fort Clinton, N. Y., i. 134, 136, 138, 

523. 
Fort Constitution, N. J., fires on 

Rrilish ships, i. 92; captured, loi. 

Fort Constitution, N. Y., i. 134, 523. 

Fort Cumberland, N. S., i. 347, 349, 

367. 
Fort Edward, N. S., i. 367. 

Fort George, N. Y., i. i. 

Fort Independence, N. Y., i. 108, 109, 

410, 414, 523. 
Fort Knyphausen, N. Y., i. 142, 413, 

613, 614, 617, 619, 624. See Fort 
Washington. 
Fort Lee, N. J., i. loi, 132, 133, 163, 

178, 414, 428. 
Fort Montgomery, N. Y., i. 134, 138, 

523. 
Fort Pitt, Pa., i. 57. 

Fort Sackville, N. S., i. 348. 

Fort San Carlos, ii. 17, 25, 27, 29, 39, 

40. 
Fort San Juan, or St. John's Castle, ii. 

5,6, 10 (described 14, 240), 16, 20, 

22, 31, 37, 40, 42. 46, 50, 52. 54, 55. 

57. 59 (orders before 85-124), 93, 

123, ir3, 194, 198, 206, 208, 210 
(arlicles of surrender 212), 215, 218, 
221, 233, 243, 262, 266, 288, 293. 296, 
303 (destroyed, 331, 352, 362, 371, 

373, 376, 380, 383, 401), 350, 367, 

405, 420. 
Fort Stanwix, N. Y., i. 131. 133. 
Fort Ticonderoga, N. Y., i. 98, 109, 

124, 125, 141. 

Fort Vaughan. See Fort Clinton. 

Fort Washington. N. Y., fires on 
British ships, i. 92 ; captured, 99, 
409,410 ; loss at, 115 ; name changed, 
413. ^^ii Fort Knyphausen, 

Folheringham, Capt., li. 93, 245, 405. 

Fowey, ship of war, i. 62. 

Fowler, Adjutant George, i. 359. 

Fowler, Constaniia, i. 624. 

Fowler, Capt. William, i. 546. 

Fox, Major Henry E., i. 384, 470. 

Foxley, Lieut. Robert, ii. 75, 224. 

Foxon, Ensign James, i. 332, 337. 

Franklin, Benjamin, i. 87, 113. 

Franklin, Gov. William, i. 80, 174. 

Franks, Mr., i. 28. 

Eraser. Ensign Charles, i. 529. 

Eraser, Ensign Henry D., i. 55c. 



Eraser, Lieut. -Col. Thomas, i. 189. 

Eraser, Dr. William, i. 565. 

Frazer, James, i. 424. 

Frederick, Ensign Anthony, i. 530. 

Fredericksburg, N. Y., i. 164. 

Fredericklon, N. B., i. 239; description 

of the country. 240. • 
Freehold, N. J., i. 600. 
Freeman, Lieut. Thomas, i. 137, 365, 

550. 
French, Lieut. Arthur, i. 261, 262, 

, 335. 390. 572. 
French, Lieut.-Col. Christopher, i. 

438, 539- 

French Fleet, on the coast, i. 155-165, 
186, 187, 189; sails for West Indies, 
166; attack on St. Lucia, 172; cap- 
tures St. Vincent, 182. 

Friendship, transport, i. 359. 

Frith, Lieut. John, i. 560. 

Fullerton, Robert, i. 555. 

Gabbett, Ensign Joseph, i. 549. 

Gabrouski, Count, i. 134. 

Gage, Lady Elizabeth, i. 20, 29. 

Gage, Lieut. Henry, i. i, 30, 180, 518. 

Gage, Louisa E. and Maria T., i. I, ii. 

Gage, Mrs. Margaret, i. i, 20, 23, 28, 
29, 30, 38, 61. See preface to Vol, ii. 

Gage, Gen. Thomas, sails for England, 
i. i; arrives at Portsmouth, 8; attends 
the King's levee, 9 ; sets out for 
High Meadow, 20; visits Bath, 23; 
calls on Gen. Amherst, 27; his arrival 
at Boston, 34; governor of Mass., he 
assembles his council, 39; waited up- 
on by a committee of the provincial 
congress, 39; his reply to congress, 
40; sails for England, 60, 61; op- 
position to his government, 62; pro- 
vides for the army, 63; Gov. Trum- 
bull's letter to, 65; correspondence 
with Col. Kemble, 83, 109, 113, 117, 
150, 180; purchases a company for 
his son, 180; appoints Kemble deputy 
adjutant general, 184; death of, 240. 

Gage, Lord William H., i. 12, 20, 29, 

30. 
Galbraiih, Peter, ii. 84, 138, 140, 154. 

348, 366. 
Galbreaih, Ensign, ii. 59. 
Galendo, Juan. ii. 177. 
Gallagher* Dr., ii. 21, 129,134, 196, 232. 
Gallaway, Ensign John, i. 567. 
Galloway, Joseph, i. 112, 578. 
Galvez, Gov. Marias de, ii. 217, 218. 
Gambier, Admiral James, i. 150, 151, 

167, 174, 175, 176.622. 
Gamble, Major Thomas, i. 40 iii, 186, 

187. 



INDEX. 



449 



Gardiner, Lieut. John, i, 364. 
Gardiner, Major Valentine, i. 117, 356, 

417. 
Gardiner, Major William, i. 351, 470, 

519. 542. 
Gardiner's Island, N. Y., raided by the 

British, i. 55. 
Gardner, Capt. Allen, i. 102. 
Garland, merchant brig, i. 229. 
Garland, James, i. 61. 
Garrison, Mr., ii. 376. 
Garrochier, Dr. Francisco, ii. 177. 
Garth, Gen. George, i. 183, 184, 452, 

454; ii. 63, 285, 348. 
Gartside Cornet, Thomas, i. 548, 
Gary, Dr., i. 465. 
Gascoyne, Lieut. Crisp C, ii. 18, 197, 

232, 378. 
Gason, Lieut. John, i. 273, 365. 
Gates, Maj.-Gen. Horatio, i. 139, 140, 

141, 143. 155, 535-536-537-538-539- 
Gaul, Major William, i. 273, 280, 287, 

298, 364. 

Gauk, Mr., i. 300. 

Gauly, Signora, i. 28. 

Geary. Cornet Francis, i. 430. 

General Gage, transport, i. 56. 

Gentles, Andrew, i. 295. 

(ieorge III., reviews the fleet, i. 8; con- 
fers with Gen. Gage, 9; Kemble's let- 
ters shown to. III. 

Georgia, Campbeirs expedition to, i. 
165, 173, 174, 175, 177, 182; attack 
of the French fleet, 189. 

Germain, armed vessel, ii. 39, 123, 352, 

365, 371. 380, 395-401, 406, 408, 

411, 416. 
Germain, Lord George, ii. 210. 
German town. Pa., battle of, i. 136, 

137, 144, 504, 520, 563. 
Gibbins, Lieut. Thomas, i. 429. 
Gibbons, Capt. Thomas, i. 385, 530. 
Gibson, Lieut. Thomas, i. 359. 
Gideon, Sir Sampson, i. 9, 28, 29, 146. 
Gillaspy, Ensign Lawrence, i. 362. 
Gillespie, Dr., i. 465. 
Gillespie, Ensign James, i. 575. 
Gillman, Ensign George, i. 531. 
Gleadowe, Capt. George, ii. 256, 257, 

258, 259, 261, 265, 271, 275, 314, 

315. 
Gloster, England, i. 20. 

Goff, Lieut. Thomas, i. 270, 

Goldthwaite, Dr. Michael B., i. 301, 

309* 369, 373. 
Good Intent, transport, i. 360. 

Goodenough, Maj. Edward, i. 302, 303, 

352. 
(iordon. Dr. Alexander, i. 508, 533, 

547. 



Gordon, Ensign Alexander, i. 226, 395, 

584. 
Gordon, Maj. Andrew, i. no. 
Gordon, Lieut. David, i. 220, 221, 222, 

225, 571. 
Gordon, Ensign Gabriel, i. 207, 209, 

217. 

Gordon, Lieut. George, i. 361, 362, 

Gordon, Lieut. Hugh M., i. 573. 

Gordon, Ensign James, i. 427, 566. 

Gordon, John, ii. 149, 160. 

Gordon, Capt. Lockhart, i. 426. 

Gordon, Lieut. Robert, i. 291. 

Gordon, Lieut. William, i. 565. 

Gore, Capt. William, i. 262, 352, 401. 

Goreham, Lieut.-Col. Joseph, i. 57, 

351, 367. 
Gorman, Terence, ii. 148. 

Goshen, Pa., i. 496. 

Gosport. Va., i. 178. 

Gothy, Corporal, ii. 159. 

Gough, Ensign Thomas, i. 365. 

Gould, LieHt. Edward, i. 364. 

Governor's Island, N. Y., i. 79, 80, 86. 

Gowdy, Dr. James, i. 429. 

(iraeme. Ensign, i. 46. 

Graff", Maj. William, i. 623. 

Grafton, Lieut. J. Marmaduke, i. 242. 

Graham, Alexander, i. 612. 

Graham, Capt, Francis, i. 364, 464. 

Graham, Mr., ii. 321. 

Graham, Capt. Patrick, i. 594. 

(jraham, Lieut. William, i. 379. 

Grampus, store ship, i. 144, 

Granada, Nicaragua, ii. 12, 39, 40, 42, 
43, 62, 188, 199, 202, 206, 210, 217, 
219, 223, 224, 225, 226, 242, 267, 
420. 

Grand Duchess of Russia, transport, i. 

359. 
Grand Duke of Russia, transport, i. 

360. 

Grant, Dr. Alexander, i, 464, 476, 567. 

Grant, Ensign Alexander, 64lh Regt. 

i. 137, 417. 419* 533; Royal Highland 
Emigrants, i. 380, 420 ; 42d Regt., 

i- 557. 
Grant, Lieut. Alexander, i. 427. 

Grant, Maj. Alexander, i. 133, 134, 138, 

377. 
Grant, Capt. Andrew, i. 259, 416, 417. 

Grant, Capt. Charles, i. 531. 

Grant, Capt. James, i. 356, 361, 368, 

378. 
Grant, Mr., ii. 245, 256. 
Grant, Gen. James, i. 45, 50, 85, 104, 

113, 133. 134, 138, 152, 164, 165, 
166, 284, 299, 320, 325, 330, 351, 

355, 361, 371, 374, 377, 39i, 396, 
398, 402, 409, 410, 414, 425, 444, 



45o 



. INDEX. 



446, 452, ' 461, 463, 475, 484, 488, 
491, 502, 594. 
Grant, Lieut.-Col. James, i. 45, 283, 

341, 346, 596, 597, 599. 
Grant, Corp. Orange, i. 578. 
Grant, Re.v. Richard, i. 330. 
Grant, Lieut. William, i. 61, 127, 588. 
Grant, Maj. William, i. 515. 
Grantham Packet, ii. 229. 
Granville, Sir Bevil, i. 17. 
Gratton, Lieut. William, i. 366, 369, 

370, 374. 378, 381. 427. 
Graves, Lieut. John, i. 45. 
Graves, Admiral Samuel, i. 62, 66. 
Gravesend, N. Y., British array to land 

at, L 79. 
Gray, Ensign John, i. 260. 
Cray, Mr., Agent for 60th Regt., i. 

203, 205, 208, 212-213, 216 ; ii. 402. 
Gray, quartermaster, I7ih Dragoons, 

i. 445, 447. 

Gray, Capt. Robert, i. 349. 

Graydon, Capt. Alexander, i. 261. 

Grayson, Col. William, i. 564. 

Great River, ii. 423. 

Great Rocks, ii. 430. 

Green, Lieut. -Col. Christopher, i. 66. 

Green, Capt. Francis, i. 252. 

Greene, Capt. Joseph, i. 291. 

Greenwich, England, i. 12. 

Greenwich, N. Y., i. 128, 145. 

Greenwich, transport, i. 150, 611. 

Grenada, W. L, Kemble in command 
of the garrison there, i. 194-226 ; al- 
lowance for troops, 194 ; disorderly 
troops, 219. 

Grey, Maj. -Gen. Charles, i. 161,162-163, 
446, 452, 463, 466, 498, 501, 510. 
602. 

Greyhound, ship of war, i. 383. 

Gridley, Col. Richard, i. 47. 

Griffiths, Capt. Fenton, i. 335. 

Grigg, Capt. William, ii. 339, 342, 346. 

Grogan, Lieut. W^illiam, i. 364, 471. 
568, 580, 581. 

Gross, Serjeant, ii. 92, 277. 

Grosse, Lieut. Francis, i. 337. 

Grove, Capt. Grey, i. 30, 38, 385. 

Guatemala, ii. 172, 217, 223, 239. 

Guilford, England, i. S. 

Guion, Andrew, ii. 132, 143, 159. 

Guion, Peter, ii. 332, 346. 

Gusset, Charles, i. 543. 

Hackensack, N. J., i. 132, 155, 163, 

426, 428. 
Hadden, Lieut. Robert, i. 539. 
Haddenfield, N. J., i. 595. 
Ilaen, Nicaragua, ii. 219. 
Hagerty, Thomas, i. 624-625. 



Haldane, Lieut. Henry, i. 619. 
Haldimand, Gen. Frederick,.i. 40, 351. 
Haldimand, Lieut. Frederick, i. 238. 
Haldimand, Lieut. Louis, i. 260, 276, 

291. 
Haldimand, Lieut. Patrick, ii. 197. 
Haldimand, Lieut. Peter,, ii. 21, 222, 

231, 378. 

Hales, Ensign Harris W., i. 549. 

Hales, Capt. John, i. 263, 365. 

Halifax, N. S., troops for, i. 76, 165 ; 
trade of, 241 ; price of provisions 
fixed by proclamation^ 328 ; army 
from Boston disembark, 328; George's 
Island, 329. 332. 333, 358, 3I9 : 
town mayor appointed, 331 ; house 
of assembly, 332 ; .Citadel hill, 336. 
338, 340, 341 » 350 ; Creation's land- 
ing! 338 ; dock yard, 345 ; court 
house, 346, 347, 348, 369 ; Pedley's 
hill, 348 ; Major's wharf, 354 ; But- 
ler's wharf, 357 ; Gen. Howe's army 
sails for New York, 383. 

Hall, Capt. John, i. 465. 

Hall, Lieut. William C, i. 471, 549. 

Hall, Lieut. William J., i. 365. 

Hallam, Capt, George, ii. 13, 68, 94, 
196, 232. 

Hallett's Cove, N. Y., i. 608, 612,617, 
618. 

Hamilton, Lieut.-Col. Alexander, i. 

564. 
Hamilton, Capt. George, i. 337, 376. 
Hamilton, Lieut. Gustavus, i. 464, 549. 
Hamilton, Ensign Harry, i. 365. 
Hamilton, Ensign Henry, i. 530. 
Hamilton, James, i. 92. 
Hamilton, Capt. James, i. 582. 
Hamilton, Ensign John, i6lh Regt., i. 

568 ; 38th Regt., 260. 
Hamilton, Capt. John, i. 584. 
Hamilton, Cornet John, i. 606-607. 
Hamilton, Lieut.-Col. Otho, i. 268, 275, 

276. 
Hamilton, Ensign William, 14th Regt., 

i. 364; 49lh Regt., 584. 
Hamilton, Lieut. William, i. 257, 267, • 

26S. 
Hamilton, Lieut. William H., i. 464. 
Hammerton, Capt. Michael, i. 356, 377. 
Hammond, Capt. Sir Andrew Snape, i. 

92, 97, 162, 185. 
Hanbury, John, i. 21. 
Hancock, John, i. 39. 
Handasycle, Lieut. Talbot B., i. 260, 

264. 377. 
Handcock, Ensign John, i. 544. 
Han<l field, Lieut. Charles, i. 300. 
Handyside, Dr. John, i. 301, 369. 
Hanfield, Capt. Edward, i. 49, 327. 



INDEX. 



45 1 



Hanley, Mr.,i. 50. 

Harcourt, Lieut. -Col. William, i. 91, 

103, 109, 519- 
Harlem, N. Y., battle at, i. 8g, 115; 

plains foraged, 91; mentioned, 414. 

612, 618, 620. 
Hading, Ensign William, i. 260. 
Harries, Lieut. John Hill, i. 136, 531. 
Harris, Capl. George, i. 530. 
Harris, Maj, George, i. 526. 
Harris, Dr. Thomas, i. 429. 
Harris, Capt. Thomas, i. 471. 
Harris, Lieut. Thomas, i. 259, 532, 541. 
Harris, Capt. William, i. 346, 370, 531. 
Harrison, Capt. John, i. 518, 575. 
Harrison, Lieutenant, ii. 87, 8S, 91. 
Harrison, Mr., ii. 359. 
Harrison, Ensign Martin, i. 539. 
Harrison, Capt. Robert, ii. 18. 
Harrison, Lieut. Robert J., i. 376. 
Harrison, Capt. William C, ii. 67, 72, 

197. 
Harr, Lieut. George, i. 526, 549. 
Harte, Capt. Edmond, ii. 197, 228, 378. 
Harlfield, transport, i. 359. 
Hartley, George, i. 468. 
Harvey, Capt. Pierce, i. 262, 526. 
Haslewood, Capt. William, i. 572. 
Hassard, Lieut. W'ilbam, i. 261, 429, 

432. 
Hastings, Lieut. Charles, i. 385. 
Hath, Mr., i. 344. 

Haughton, Lieut. William, i. 276, 280. 
Havanna, ii. 176, 274. 
Haverkan, Ensign James, i. 426. 
Haviland, Lieut. Thomas, i. 462. 
Hawkins, Ensign Richard, i. 549, 589. 
Hawkshaw, Capt. Thomas, i. 541. 
Hay, Capt. Alexander, i. 517-518. 
Hay, Lieut. John, i. 258, 364. 
Hay, Mr., i. 57. 
Hay, Lieut. William, i. 299. 
Hayes, Dr. John, i. 362. 
Haynes, Capt. Thomas, ii. 46, 47, 48, 

300, 309. 311, 312. 
Hazleton, Ensign Rowland, i. 530. 
• Healley, Ensign William C, i. 370. 
Heighington, Lieut. John,i. 260. 
Heister, Gen. Leopold P. de, i. 85, 93, 

94, 97» 108, 384, 388. 394, 396, 398, 

399. 403, 443. 444. 447- 
Hell Gate, N. Y., i. 87, 93, 156, 160. 

Hely, Capt. Pierce, i. 416. 

Henderson, Dr. James, i. 20S, 209,212, 

225 ; ii. 232, 330, 378. 

Henderson, Lieut. William, i. 546. 

Hendricks, Capt. William, i. 66. 

Henley, William, i. 585. 

Henneel, Madam, i. 2S. 

Hennesy, Ann, i. 289. 



Hennesy, John, i. 289. 
Hepburn, Capt. James, i. 361. 
Herbert, Capt. Jamaica Legion, ii. 140, 

142, 262, 307. 
Herbert, Capt. George, i. 269. 
Herbert, Capt. Thomas, i. 471. 
Hercules, merchant vessel, i. 241. 
Hereford, England, i. 22. 
Hero, transport, i. 463. 
Herron, Ensign Henry, i. 531. 
Hesselburgh, Lieut. Isaac, i. 226. 
Hessian troops, movements of, i. 85,88, 

91. 93, 94, 95. 96, 98. 99. !«>» lo^ 
102, 103, 104, I07, 108, 118, 123, 

133. 138, 151, 156, 165, 179, 182, 

185. 3S6, 387, 389, 390. 391, 393, 

396. 398, 402, 404. 405, 4<)6, 407, 

409, 410, 411, 412, 443, 44^ 448, 

451, 458, 463, 466, 475. 477, 484, 

485. 496, 499, 500, 502, 503, 504, 

505. 516. 524, 574. 576, 594. 596, 

599, 603, 607, 608, 613, 618, 623, 

624, 625. 

Regiments and battalions : Anspach 

Yagers, i. 107, 118, 128, 132, 135, 

136. 137. 152, 446. 448, 453. 455» 

459. 463. 465. 467, 469, 475. 477, 

576, 577. 578, 591- 

Hrunswick, 141. 

Buskirk, no, 162. 

Donop. 85, 88, 97, 123, 391, 396, 398, 

412, 441, 446, 475, 496, 497. 

Du Corps, 135, 137, 414, 418, 442, 

443, 44^J, 450, 475, 489. 496, 499, 
502, 503, 512, 521, 522, 576, 600. 
Chasseurs, loi, 104. 118, 133, 137, 

138, 386, 389, 390, 391, 395, 396, 
398. 402, 404, 405, 407, 411, 442, 

443. 445. 450. 6og. 

Hereditary Prince, 440, 441, 611, 

620, 621. 

Kohler. 134, 136, 442. 444, 446,447, 

448. 453. 459. 467. 4^9. 614. 
Lengerche, 135. 

Linsing, 118. 135, 137. 

Loos, 414, 418, 442, 443, 446, 449. 

450, 453. 455. 458, 466, 475, 477, 

489, 499, 502, 503, 512, 521, 522, 

576. 600. 

Losberg, 394, 410, 418, 5S8. 

Minnigerode, 521, 522. 

Mirbach, 135, 147, 167, 414, 418, 

441. 442. 443. 446, 450. 475. 477. 
489. 499. 502, 503, 512, 521, 522. 
576, 600, 606, 608, 609, 613, 618, 
620, 621. 

Prince Charles, 418, 132, 588, 611, 
620, 621. 
Rail, 433, 441. 
Seitz, 165. 



452 



INDEX. 



Trumbach, 133, 138, 611, 620,621. 

Waldeck, 105, 106. 107, 127, 129, 

132, 136, 139. 165, 396, 412, 414, 

418, 444, 446, 448, 453, 459, 467. 

Wissenbach, 165, 606, 610, 613, 615, 

618, 619. 

Wool worth, 165. 600. 

Yagers, 113, 118, 123, 135, I37» 179. 

448, 450, 451, 455, 463, 474. 477, 

484, 487, 488, 489, 496, 497, 499, 

500. 502, 504, 513, 521, 522, 594, 

596, 599. 
Hewitt, Capt. Thomas, i. 471. 
Hewlett, Lieut. Col. Richard, i. 127, 
Hewlett, Lieut. Thomas, i. 377. 
Heywood, Serjeant, i. 202. 
Hichbom, Benjamin, i. 52. 
Hicks, Col. Edward, i. 200. 
Hicks, Robert, i. 498, 499. 
Hickson, Ensign Robert, i. 541. 
High Meadow, the seat of Lord Gage, 

i. 20, 21. 
Hill, Adjt. Benjamin, i. 299. 
Hill, Ensign Charles, ii. 378. 
Hill, George, i. 257. 
Hill, Jasper, ii. 316. 
Hill, Lieut. John Foster, i. 550. 
Hill, Lieut., ii. T2. 220, 240. 
Hill, Ensign William, i. 261. 
Hiirs Tavern, N. Y., i. 89. 
Hillford, Richard, i. 591. 
Hillman, Major Rawlins, i. 306, 307, 

539- 
Hillsboro, N. J., i. 120, 121. 

Hinchenbroke, ship-of-war, ii. 36, 67, 

79, 211, 228. 
Hoar, Richard, ii. 359. 
Hoard, Lieut. William G., i. 270. 
Hoare, Mr., ii. 190. 
Hodgkinson, Serjeant, ii. no, 122, 

160. 
Hodgson, Edward, i. 616. 
Hodgson, Mr., ii. 261. 
Hodskinson, Robert, commissary, ii. 

263. 
Hog Island, i. 43. 
Holland, Joseph, ii. 334, 
Hollingshead, John, ii. 334, 341. 
Holloway, Thomas, ii. 143. 
Holmes, Capt. William, i. 292, 294. 
Holwell, Daniel, i. 484. 
Honduras Bay, ii. 14, 75, 166, 168, 

172, 174, 175. 180, 182, 185, 236, 

23S, 239. 244. 
Hope, Col. Henry, i. 227. 313, 345, 

434. 486, 515. 526, 527. 

Hope, Dr. Richard, i. 362, 368. 

Hope, transport, ii. 45, 46, 48, 51, 52, 
53, 55, 126, 309. 312, 314, 315, 317, 
349. 363. 3<^6, 367, 370. 378. 



Horatio, transport, ii, 4, 35, 37, 38, 74, 

92, 93, 222, 275. 375. 405. 

Horndon, Lieut. William, i. 588. 

Home's Hook, N. Y., i. 87. 

Horseneck, Conn., i. 174. 

Horsefall, Capt. Christopher, i. 593. 

Horsfield, Thomas, i. 431. 

Hosea, Capt., Chief of Poyer Indians, 
ii. 428. 

Hotham, Com. William, i. 160. 

Hottains, Mr., i. 25. 

House, Ensign Samuel, ii. 76, 197. 

Hovendon, Capt. Richard, i. 575, 576, 
578, 588, 590, 597, 599. 

Howard, Dr. Abraham, i. 587. 

Howard, Geoi^e, i. 518. 

Howard, William, i. 555, 556. 

Howe, Admiral Lord Richard, arrives 
at Sandy Hook, i. 80 ; sends flag of 
truce to Washington, 81 ; visits 
Long Island, 92 ; gives a dinner at 
New Yoik, T08 ; embarks for the 
Capes of Delaware, 122, 131 ; in a 
storm, 149 ; calls for volunteers to 
man the fleet, 155 ; movements 
against D*Estaing, 156, 158, 159, 
160, i6r, 162. 

Howe, Gen. Sir William, commands 
at Bunker Hill, i. 44, 45 ; at Boston, 

48, 50. 51. 52, 59. ^ ; at Sandy 
Hook, 80, 383 ; reconnoitres on 
Long Island, 92 ; march into West 
Chester. 93-99 ; battle of White 
Plains, 95, 96 ; expedition into New 
Jersey, 102, 103 ; Kemble's review of 
his conduct, 104, 124, 147; distribu- 
tion of his army, 107 ; invested with 
the order of the garter, 108 ; move- 
ments in New Jersey, no, in, 118, 
119 ; return to New York, in, 123 ; 
embark with the expedition against 
Philadelphia, 125 ; report of his land- 
ing in Delaware, 126 ; and Virginia, 
12S, 131 ; at Brandywine, 132, 133, 
135 ; battle of Germantown, 136, 
144 ; asks for reinforcements, 139, 
141, 142; situation at Philadelphia,* 
143, 152 ; his quarters on Staien 
Island, 145 ; his plans approved of, 
147; general orders in Boston, 251- 
327 ; at Halifax, 328-383; at New 
York, 384-473 ; in Pennsylvania, 
474-5S5 ; returns to England, 579, 
586. 

llowison, Ensign William, i. 546. 

Hoy, Captain, ii. 49. 

Hoy, Mr., ii. 360. 

Hoystead, Ensign Frederick W., i. 533. 

Huhbard, Capt. Edward, i. 583. 

Hudson's River, British ships pass up, 



INDEX. 



453 



i. 80, 91, 92, 97, 114; attacked by 
fire-ships, 83 ; obstructed, 83, 84 ; 
Clinton opens the highlands, 138, 

523. 
Hughes, Sir Richard, i. 193. 

Humphreys, Maj. Francis R., i. 313, 

342, 348. 
Humphreys, Dr. Nicholas, i. 469. 
Humphreys, Ensign Richard, i. 401. 
Hunt, James, i. 463. 
Huntington, N. Y., i. 610, 611. 
Hurley, Martin, i. 512, 514. 
Hurley, Michael, i. 430. 
Huston, Christian, i. 554. 
Huston, William, i, 483. 
Hutchinson, Cap!. Francis, i. 40, 121. 
Hutchinson, Capt. George, i. 258, 364. 
Hutchinson, Lieut. Richard, i. 261. 
Hyde, Lieut. Col. West, i. 16S, 176, 

519, 582. 

TAns, Capt. Wrey, i. 592. 
Inclenberg Hill, N. Y., i. 88. 
Indian River, ii. 420. 
Industry, transport, ii. 4, 59, 92, 129, 

131, 368. 369, 383. 
Ingen, Capt. James von, i. 571. 
Ingram, Lieut. James, i. 593. 
Ipnes, Col. Alexander, i. 156, 587, 588, 

600. 
Innes, Capt. James, i. 427, 432. 
Innes, Lieut. Col. John, i. 567. 
Innis, Capt. Thomas, i. 261. 
Ireland, arrival of recruiis from, i. 49 ; 

natives in Va. rifle corps, 50, 58. 
Irving, Captain, ii. 311. 
Irving, Colonel, ii. 45, 50. 51, 55, 56, 

317, 322, 328, 349, 355, 356, 357, 

361, 363. 379, 387. 
Irving, Dr., Surveyor General, ii. 265, 

280, 285, 290, 292, 30S, 309. 
Irving, Maj. i'aulus E., i. 313. 
Irving, Ensign James, i. 437. 
Isabella, transport, i. 359. 
Isis, ship of war, i. 160. 

Jackson, John, i. 499-500. 

Jackson, Capt. John, i. 370. 

Jackson, Lieut. Michael, i. 390. 

Jackson, Mr., i. 151. 

Jackson, Serjeant, i. 219. 

Jacob, Capt. Michael, i. 137, 533, 550. 

Jamaica, N. Y., military movements at, 
i. 86, 92, 384, 385. 

Jamaica, W. I., i. 195 ; ii. 44, 51, 62, 
63, 67, 68, 136. 188, 246, 258, 259, 
264, 270, 279, 284, 287, 292, 306, 

317. 425. 
James, Capt. Jacob, i. 578. 

James, Richard, i. 264. 



James, Col. Thomas, and his wife, i. 
28, 30, 38. 
ames. Ensign William, i. 549. 
ames and William, transport, i. 359. 
ameson. Dr. James, i. 330, 362 ; ii. 

47, 53. 54, 55, I39» 33©. 364, 383- 
ason, ship of war, i. 177. 
eflferies. Dr. John, i. 369. 
effreys Serjeant, i. 509. 
enkins, Capt. Henry, i. 330. 
enkins, Major, ii. 237, 271, 359. 
enkinson, Corp. Robert, i. 424. 
enny, transport, i. 616. 
ericho, N. Y., i. 611. 
ervis, Scrj. Joseph, i. 274. 
essirick, Lieut. J. Philip, ii. 7, 13, 85, 

87, no, 378. 
ewell, Serj. John, i. 586. 
ocelyn, Lieut. Robert, i. 382, 402. 
ohnson, David, i. 131. 
ohnson. Ensign George, i. 464. 
ohnson, Maj. Henry, i. 98. 
ohnson. Bishop James, i. 24. 
ohnson, Capt. James, i. 258, 290. 
ohnson. Dr. John, i. 419. 
ohnson. Sir John, i. 90. 
ohnson, Serjeant, i. 56, 58. 
ohnson, William, i. 482-483. 
ohnston, Capt., of the Antigua Planter, 

i. 191. 

ohnston, Doctor, ii. 378. 
ohnston, Henry, i. 287-288-295. 
ohnston, Mr., commissary, ii. 126, 

127, 161. 
ohnston. Ensign William M., i. 377. 
ohnstone, Lieut. Francis, i. 136, 

531. 
ohnstone. Gov. George, i. 151. 

ones. Gen. Daniel, i. 71, 118, 124, 

150. 156, 361, 409, 410, 434, 439, 461, 

471, 562. 

ones, Lieut. Dearing, i. 588. 
ones, Capt. Francis, i. 262, 545. 
ones, Humphrey, i. 89, 617. 
ones. Cornet John, i. 390. 
ones, Lieut. John, 16th Regt., j. 364 ; 

Foot (Juards, 566. 
ones, Lieut. Joseph, i. 252. 
ones, Lieutenant, ii. 358, 382. 
ones, Corp. Richard, i. 499, 500. 
ones, Samuel, ii. 4, 18, 28, 68, 92, 108, 

129, 196, 209, 216, 289, 325, 405. 
ones, Lieut. Stephen, i. 252. 
ones, Thomas, i. 288, 289, 511. 
ones, Gen. Valentine, i. 40, 274, 284, 

298, 312, 313, 320, 351, 353. 355, 356, 

605, 606, 612. 
ones, Capt. Walter, i. 526. 
ordan. Lieutenant, death of, i. 46. 
ordan. Lieutenant, ii. 38, 346. 



454 



INDEX. 



Julia, transport, ii. 70, 74, 127, 312, 339, 

342, 344, 346, 366. 
Julian, Capt. Richard, i. 260, 364, 

581. 
Julius Caesar, merchant vessel, i. 257. 

Kaens, Serjeant-Major, i. 568. 
Kane, Ensign Nathaniel, i. 517. 
Katy, transport, i. 292. 
Kearney, Nicholas, 504, 506. 
Kearsly, Ensign John, i. 571. 
Keeffe, Doctor, ii. 57, 142, 330, 350, 

354. 
Kelly, Capt. Dennis, i. 346, 349, 569. 

Kelly, Lieut. George, i. 310, 365. 

Kemble family, see preface to vol. ii. 

Kemble, Mr., of Tewkesbury, i. 23. 

Kemble, Lieut. Peter, i. 139, 346, 364, 

375, 426. 
Kemble, Robert, i. 92. 
Kemble, Samuel, i. 23, 238, 240. * 
Kemble, Lieut. -Col. Stephen, vol. i. 
Journal of his voyage to England, 
June, 1773, I ; arrives at Portsmouth, 
8 ; describes the sights of London, 9, 
19, 28 ; appointed deputy adjutant 
general for North America, 1 1 ; his 
tour to Bristol, 12 ; to High Meadow, 
20 ; visits Gen. Amherst, 27; journal of 
his return voyage to New York, May, 
1774, 30; joins Gen. Gage at Boston, 
39 ; his portrait of the American lead- 
ers, 62 ; sails with the fleet for Halifax, 
75 ; embarks with the army for New 
York, 76; arrives at Sandy Hook, 
79 ; his correspondence with Gen. 
Ga^;e, S3, 109, ill, 113, n?. 150, 
180 ; enters New York, 89 ; with the 
expedition to Westchester, 93 ; his re- 
marks on the conduct of Gen. Howe, 
104 ; dispatched with orders to 
Elizabethtown, 106 ; not allowed to 
join the army in the field, 113, 134 ; 
ordered to King's Bridge with Gen. 
Jones, 118 ; to remain at New York, 
118 ; complains of his rank, 119, 140, 
145 ; to attend Gen. Clinton, 125, 
134 ; his opinion of Gen. Clinton, 
139, 166, who is unfriendly to him, 
140 ; complains to Gen. Howe of the 
promotion of junior officers, 146 ; 
nets under the command of Gen. 
Jones, 150 : appointed Lieutenant- 
Colonel, 150 ; applies for an exchange 
into an old regiment, 168, 170, 171 ; 
Clinton wishes him to resign the of- 
fice of deputy adjutant general, 169, 
184 ; his rank due to Gen. Gage, 
184 : at Stony Point, 179 ; a candi- 
date for adjutant general, 183 ; sells 



out (o Major Andre, 184, 187, 188 ; 
joins his reginient at Jamaica, 190 
[see vol. ii.] ; journal of his voyage 
from England to Granada, June, 1784, 
191 ; in command there, 194, 226 ; 
petitions for transfer to Canada, 198 ; 
visits St. Vincent, 210 ; journal of 
voyage from England to New Bruns- 
wick, July, 1788, 227 ; arrives at St. 
John's, 238 ; journey to Fredericton, 
240 ; journal of his voyage to Eng- 
land, Nov., 1788, 241. 
Vol. ii. arrival at Jamaica, i ; to com- 
mand the troops at Nicaragua, 4, 
197 ; at St. John's harbor, 4, 33, 
405 ; journal of his operations, 4-64, 
405-419 ; visits fort San Juan, 7, 406; 
ill of fever, 13, 14, 32.47, 48, 50, 5i, 
52, 5P, 64, 314, 407, 416 ; journey 
towards Lake Nicaragua, 22-31 ; re- 
turn to the castle, 31 ; removes ^o 
Bluefields and establishes a post 
there, 46, 300, 308 ; his health breaks 
down, 53, 328, 348, 359, 3^3; de- 
cides to go to Jamaica, 58, 59 ; ar- 
rives there, 63, 403 ; to assume the 
rank of brigadier-general, 84; instruc- 
tions from G«n. Dalling, 197, 236, 
242 ; letters to Gen. Dalling, 263, 
271, 274, 286, 288, 292, 297. 30S. 
311, 322, 328. 349, 362, 383, 388; 
prepares to evacuate St. John's har- 
bor, 300-305 ; instructions for the 
post at Bluefields, 391 ; at Spanish 
Town, 403 : sends a copy of his 
journal to Gen. Dalling, 404. See 
preface to Vols. i. and ii. 

Kemble's Manor, N. B., i. 240. 

Kempe, John Tabor, i. 79. 

Kempe, Lieut. Stephen, i. 379. 

Kennedy, Capt. Archibald, i. 82. 

Kennedy, Lieut. Archibald, i. 361, 370, 
427. 

Kennedy, Ensign, i. 430. 

Kennedy, Dr. Hugh, i. 362. 

Kennelt Square, Pa., i. 491. 

Kent, Edward, Duke of, i. 241. 

Kent, Mr., ii. 61, 345. 

Keppel, Capt. William, i. 593. 

Keppel, Col. William, i. 335. 

Ker, Lieut. Charles, i. 261. 

Kerr, Capt. James, i. 137. 528-529. 

King, Lieut. Robert, 5th Regt., i. 345; 
28th Regt., 364. 

King, Lieut. Solomon, i. 356. 

King, William, i. 483, 591. 

Kin^ Fisher, ship of war, i. 52. 

King's Bridge, N. Y., i. 8c, 96, 99, 
107, 109, no, 117, 122, 124, 125. 
127, 128, 131, 134, 141, 142, 143. 



INDEX. 



455 



144, 156. 157, 163, 178, 182, 414, 
439, 461, 471, 605, 615. 616, 619. 

King's Ferry, N. Y., i. 156. 

Kingston, England, i. 8. 

Kingston, Jamaica, ii. 63. 

Kingston, N. Y., i. 525. 

Kingston, Packet ship, ii. 44, 45, 50, 
51, 56, 230, 232, 261, 271, 277, 286, 
2S8, 292, 322, 349. 

Kinncer, Maj. Francis W., i. 545, 575. 

Kips Bay, N. Y., i. 88. 

Knight, James, i. 257. 

Knight, Maj. Henry, i. 584. 

Knowles, Dr. Richard, i. 464-465. 

Knox, Dr. Robert, i. 362. 

Knox, Lieut. Vesey, ii. 59, 143, 149, 
197, 232. 

Knyphausen, Gen. William de, attacks 
Fort Independence, i. 96 ; captures 
Fort Washington, 99, 40^, 410, 411 ; 
commands, at King's Bridge, 11 3, 
157, 163, 405 ; at Fordham, 414 ; 
succeeds De Heister as commander 
of the Hessians, 447 ; his aid-de- 
camps, 472, 564 ; march to Phila- 
delphia, 477, 478, 479, 481, 485, 489, 
490, 491, 492, 503 ; at Brandy wine, 
494 ; in Philadelphia, 576 ; retreat 
through New Jersey, 153, 594, 597, 

598, 600. 

Kohle, Mr., i. 30/34. 38. 

Kohler, Col. John C.,i. 134,136,442,444, 

446, 447. 448. 453, 459. 467, 469, ^14. 
Kuhn,, Mr., i. 210. 
Kutzleben, Maj. August de, i. 625. 

Lady Gage, merchant vessel, i. 30, 38. 

Lafayette, Marquis de, i. 152, 160. 

Lake Champlain, i. 91, 95, 96, 98. 

Lake George, i. 139, 538. 

Lake Nicaragua, outlet in San Juan 
River, ii. 30, 250, 409 ; towns and 
islands, 40, 199, 202, 223, 224, 267, 
420 ; armed vessels, 42 ; produce 
of the country, 43 ; dimensions, 43 ; 
British expedition to, 18S, 216, 
218 ; rivers flowing from, 193, 219 ; 
vessels captured on, 217 ; English 
minority desire possession of, 270, 
283, 296 ; map ot, 286. 

Laler, Ensign Mathew, i. 545. 

Lamb, Capt. Daniel, ii. 197. 

Lamb, Capt. David, ii. 17, 19, 23, 27, 
28, 33, 34, 38, 76. 109, III, 197. 
251. 278, 286, 290, 291, 361, 411, 

417, 418. 
Lamb, Lieut. James, i. 298. 
Lamb, Thomas, i. 569-571. 
Lamont, Lieut. -Col. Normand, i. 545, 

599, 601. 



Landcake, Captain, ii. 140. 
Lane, Mr., i. 344. 
Lane, Mr., quartermaster, i. 567. 
Lanie, Ensign, i. 365. 
Lansdowne, Lord, i. 17. 
Laion, Capt. Charles, i. 299, 300. 
Lauder, Andrew, i. 491. 
Lauder, Doctor, i. 469. 
Laurel Hill, N. Y., i. 142. 
Laurie, Major James, ii. 49, 53, 75, 
76, 77, 197, 236, 291, 312, 321, 323, 

33^, 356. 360. 362, 389, 393. 
Laurie, Lieut. James P., ii. 75. 
Laurie, Capt. Walter S., i. 330. 
Law, Ensign Arthur, i. 539. 
Lawrence, Capt. Effingham, i. I, 8. 
Lawrence, Lieut. -Col. Elisha, i. 129. 
Lawrence, Ensign Thomas, i. 426. 
Lea, Lieut., i. 50. 
Lear, Lieut., ii. 76. 

Leche, Lieut. Edward, i. 416, 417,518. 
Ledger, Nathaniel, i. 591. 
Lee, Gen. Charles, i. 46, 47, 50, 53, 

5S, 68, 69, 70, 82, 94. 102, 103, 154. 
Legg, Lieut. -Col. Francis, i. 351. 
Legg, Mr., i. 300. 
Leigh, Lieut. Charles, i. 136. 
Leigh, Ensign Edward, i. 390. 
Leigh. Lieut. Thomas O., li. 72, 197, 

240, 378. 
Leiili, Sir Alexander, ii. 21, 22, 32, 

33, 34, 36, 37, 38* 39, 52, 63, 123, 

239, 243, 261, 271, 273, 274, 279, 

280, 297, 321, 325, 326, 35t>, 359, 
412, 413, 414, 415, 417, 418. 

Leland, Lieut. Samuel, i. 394. 

I^ Maistre, Capt. Francis, i. 357, 517, 

575. 
Lengercke, Col. George E. von, i. 135. 

Lennox, Ensign John, i. 217. 

Lenihall, Lieut. John, i. 30, 38, 260. 

Leo, Lieut. Daniel, ii. 13, 197, 232. 

Leon, Nicaragua, ii. id8, 199, 223, 

226, 420. 
Leonard, Lieut. George, i. 252. 
Leonard, P^nsign John, i. 260. 
Leonard, Mr., i. 294. 
Leslie, Gen. Alexander, i. 45, 68, 104, 

166, 183. 305. 306, 326, 329, 355, 

361, 384, 388, 403. 443, 446, 463, 

577, 597, 598, 599, 602. 
Leslie, Lieut. Peter H., i. 333. 
Leslie, Capt. William, i. 105, 307, 349, 

356. 357, 358, 367, 464. 
L'Esi range, Mr., ii. 52, 321, 356, 363. 
L*Estrange, Capt. Richard, i. 261. 
leviathan, ship of war, i. 164. 
Lewes, England, i. 12. 
l^wis, Lieut. Francis, i. 258. 
Lewis, John, i. 295. 



456 



INDEX, 



Lewis. Capt. John, i. 346, 355, 357, 

358. 476. 
Lewis, Mr., i. 294. 

Lexington, Mass., battle at, i. 42, 1:5. 
Liberty, transport, i. 359. 
Ligonier, Lord, i. 19. 
Lincoln, Gen. Benjamin, i. 177. 
Lincoln, Edmund, i. 220. 
Lindergrin, Lieut. Nathaniel, i. 568, 

580, 581. 
Lindsay, Capt. Colin, i. 545. 
Lindsay, Lieut. James, i. 334, 337. 
Lindsay, Lieut. Robert, i. 54, 375, 380, 

416. 
Lindsay, Capt., Marquis of, i. 543; 
Linsing. Lieut. -Col. William, i. 118, 

^35. 137. 
Lion, transport, i. 268, 269. 

Liphook, England, i. 8. 

Lippe, Serjeant, i. 281. 

Liscomb, Nehemiah, i. 624. 

Lisle, Lieut. Warren P., i. 532. 

Lispenard, Leonard, i. 89. 

Lister, Lieut. Jeremy, i. 259. 

Litchfield, England, i. 24. 

Litchfield, Lord, i. 23. 

Little Rocks, ii. 430. 

Littleton, Lieut, 'i'homas, i. 530, 532. 

Litton, Lieut. Edward, i. 560. 

Lively, ship of war, i. 58. 

Livcri)Ool, England, i. 562. 

Liverpool, frigate, i. 79, 148. 

Livingston, Lieut. -Col. Kichanl, i. 126. 

Livingston Manor, N. Y., i. 140, 141. 

Livingsion. Robert Cambridge, i. 151. 

Lloyd, Capt. John, i. 596. 

Lloyd, Mr., contractor, i. 319. 

l.loyil. Mr., nud.^ihipinan, ii. 178. 

Lloyd, Lieut. Thomas, i. 517. 

Lloyd's Neck, N. V., i. 610, 618. 

Locke, 1 ioui. Robert., i. 58S. 

I.ockell. Capi. N. F.. i. 211, 224, 225, 
230. 

LoftU'i. Crtol. William, i. 400, 419. 

I.ondiu), England, description of the 
prominent places in, i, 9, ii, 19, 28, 
at) : the opera. aS. 

longl'oid Mouse, i. 16. 

Long Ul.uul. Mass., raided by the 
Amciicans, i. 4S, 

I ong UUnd. N. Y., Howe's army lands 
on. I. S4 ; battle of, 85, 115 ; occu- 
pird by the Ibiiish, no; attack at 
Scl«u»kct, i'J7 : .\mericans threaten, 
t4.t. 147 ; Ibuish ships wrecked on, 
t4S ; Tivon's expedition to, 157; 
hoiM*^ lolleclcd, (k)(> ; troops posted 
on. t>\»S. Miv. Ml, Ma, 614. 6' 7. ^18, 
Ms), (»JJ ; Tiyon commands on, 612, 
(tl4. 0.9 «N 



Loos, Col. John A. de, i. 494. 

Lord Germain, armed vessel, ii. 8, 12, 

13, 15, 16, 18, 22, 26, 32. 
Lord Shuldham, transport, i. 460. 
Loring, Joshua, i. 348-349» 435. 436, 

463. 
Losberg, Gen. Frederick W. von, i. 

394, 410, 418, 588. 
Ix)vell, Lieut. William K., i. 304, 394. 
Ix)w, Isaac, i. 158. 
Lowe, Addison, i. 471. 
Lowestoffc, ship of war, ii. 165, 168, 

178, 179. 183, 184, 185. 
Lowzer, Jacob, i. 295. 
Lucas, Ensign, Charles, i. 569. 
Lucas, Capt. Robert, i. 356, 582. 
Lumm, Capt. Charles, i. 353. 
Lumsden, Ensign Henry, i. 337. 
Lutterell, Capt. John, ii. 165, 171, 173, 

178. 
Lutterell, Ensign Wilmot H., i. 589. 
Lyman, Lieut. Gamaliel D., i. 262. 
Lynch, Mr., carpenter, ii. 317. 
Lynch, Ensign Thomas G., i. 532. 
Lyon, Lieut. William, i. 261. 
Lyons, Capt. Charles, i. 307, 323, 331. 
Lysaght, Capt. Henry, i. 120. 
Lyster, Lieut. Christopher, i. 356. 

McAlister, Capt. Archibald, i. 330,345. 
McAllister, LieutenaiU, ii. 18. 
McAlpine, Captain, i. 529. 
McArthur, Maj. Archibald, i. 545. 
McBean, Lieut. Alexander, i. 427. 
McClean, Donald, i. 528. 
McClintock, Lieut. John, i. 349. 
McCloud, Rev. John, i. 575. 
McCrea, Capt. Robert, i. 137. 
McCrow, Mr., i. 479. 
McCue, John, i. 585. 
McCulloch, George, i. 511. 
McCulloch, John, i. 369. 
McCullough, Doctor, ii. 378. 
McDonald, Alexander, qnartermaster, 

i. 556. 557. 
McDonald, Capt. Alexander, of marine 

forces, i. 335. 
McDonald, Col. Alexander, of N. J., 

i. 92. 
McDonald, Lieut. Alexander, i. 571, 

583. 
McDonald, Ensign Angus, i. 533. 

McDonald, Lieut. Charles, i. 359. 

McDonald, Ensign Donald, i. 583. 

McDonald, Ensign John, i. 427. 

McDonald, Lieut. John, i. 385, 543. 

McDonald, Major John, ii. 18, 19, 25, 
26, 31, 32, 34. 35. 72, 73, 207, 247, 
249. 273, 331, 390. 407, 408, 4n, 
414, 416. 



INDEX. 



457 



McDonald, William, quartermaster, ii. 

19. 106, 269. 277. 
McDonald, Capt. William, ii. 23, 26, 

35, 56, 73» I32» 133, 135. 136, 140, 

141. 142, 247. 248, 314, 332, 3S5, 

386, 390. 
McDonald, Ensign William, i. 532. 
McDonnell, Capt. John, i. 427, 429. 
McDougall, Gen. Alexander, i, 132. 
McDowall, Lieut. Hay, i. 427. 
McEuen, Lieut. Archibald, ii. 260. 
McEwen, Lieut. John, i. 291. 
McGill, Capt. John, i. 529. 
McGowan, Lieut. Edward, i. 251, 258. 
McGown's Pass, see N. Y. city. 
McGregor, Lieut. Alexander, i. 548, 

595. 
McGregor, Lieut. John, i. 556, 557. 
McGuire, Capt. Michael, ii. 49, 138, 

143. 144. 329. 332, 343. 
McHarg, Mr., ii. 257. 

Mclntire, Doctor, ii. 117, 278, 37S. 
Mcintosh, Capt., of the Germain, ii. 

411. 
Mcintosh, Capt. Alexander, i. 416. 
Mcintosh, Capt. George, i. 573. 
Mcintosh, Capt. John, i. 531-532. 
Mcintosh, Mr., volunteer, i. 137. 
Mcintosh, William, i. 295. 
Mcintosh, Ensign William, i. 539. 
McKay, En.Mgn /Eneas, i. 550. 
McKay, Lieut. Hector, i. 541. 
McKay, Ensign Hugh, i. 137. 
McKay, Capt. John, i. 137, 368. 
McKay. Mr., quartermaster, ii. 23, 

378. 
McKee. John, i. 511. 
McKenzie, Adjt. Colin, i. 215. 
Mackenzie, Lieut. Colin, i. 533. 
MacKenzie, Capt. Frederick, i. 260, 

355. 385, 417. 
McKenzie, Ensign George, i. 531, 571. 

McKenzie, Lieut., ii. 50, 51, 56, 158, 

350. 354. 371. 372, 381. 
McKenzie, Mr., volunteer, i. 137. 
McKenzie, Capt. Robert, i. 287, 292, 

309. 357. 358, 371, 558. 
McKenzie, Capt. Thomas, i. 190. 
McKewen, Lieut. John, i. 377. 
McKinnon, Capt. John, i. 532. 
McKinnon, Capt. Ronald, i. 347, 367. 
McKnight, Ensign, ii. 44, 45, 138, 288, 

304. 
McLamburgh, Dr. George, i. 587. 
Mclean, Lieut. Alexander, ii. 28, 216, 

248, 249. 
McLean, Gen. Allan, i. 181, 185, 351. 
McLean, Capt. Archibald, i. 2S1. 
McLean, Capt. Charles, i. 261. 
McLean, Lieut. Hector, i. 583. 

VOL. II. — 30 



McLean, Lieut. Laughlan, ii. 248, 378. 
McLean, Capt. \Villiam, i. 49, 349. 
McLeod, Ensign Alexander, i. 553. 
McLeroih, Major Robert, i. 137, 413, 

434. 
MacMahan, Isabella, i. 2&8. 

MacMahan, Thomas, i. 288, 289. 

McMahon, John, i. 564. 

McMullen, Alexander, i. 363. 

McNab, Ensign Allan, i. 529. 

McNamara, Mrs., i. 357. 

McNamara, Patrick, ii. 401. 

McNaughton, Capt., of the schooner 

Kingston, ii. 230. 
McPherson, Major Duncan, i. 452. 
McPherson, Capt. James, i. 594. 
McPherson, Capt. John, i. 66, 67. 
McPherson, Ensign John, i. 582. 
McPherson, Lieut. William, i. 56S. 
McQuarrie, Ensign Donald, i. 583. 
McSkinning, Corp. William, i. 527-529. 
Machias, Me., i. 55. 
Mackey, George, quartermaster, i. 374. 
Mackilwaine. Capt. Andrew, i. 337. 
Macklin, Ellis, i. 591. 
Mackiell, Ensign William, i. 533. 
Madden, (^apt. Edward, i. 506, 598, 

602. 
Madget, Lieutenant, ii. 146. 
Maddison, Lieut. -Col. George, i. 39, 

329. 364- 
Maddison, Lieut. John T., i. 330. 

Magrath, Lieut. Terence, i. 280, 532. 

Magralh, Lieut. John, i. 432. 

Maidstone, ship of war, i. 146. 

Mair, Lieut. Alexander, i. 261. 

Mair, Mr., agent, i. 186, 187. 

Maitland, Lieut. Alexander, i. 395. 

Maitland, Col. John, i. 177, 18S, 189. 

Maitland, Maj. John, i. 290, 341, 353. 

Maitland, Lieut. -Col. Richard, i. 171. 

Major, Joseph, i. 613. 

Malecrieo, Doctor, ii. 298. 

Mallett, Dr. Jonathan, i. 263, 300. 

Mallom, Capt. John, i. 532, 545. 

Mamaroneck, N. Y., i. 94, 180, 115, 

143. 395. 397. 
Manawa, Nicaragua, ii. 40. 

Mandeville, Dr. Daniel, i. 362. 
Manly, Capt. John, i. 67. 
Mantina, ii. 273, 387, 388. 
Marblehead, Mass., i. 49, 50. 
Markham, jLieut.-Col. Enoch, i. 574, 

576, 578, 580. 
Marland, Lieut. Peter, i. 356, 427. 
Marlborough, Duke of, i. 26. 
Marler, Samuel, i. 590. 
Marr, Capt. Henry, i. 255, 261, 292. 
Marsden, Capt. Francis, i. 464. 
Marsh, Capt. Francis, i. 331. 



458 



INDEX. 



Marsh, Lieut. -Col. James, i. 385, 412. 
Marshall, Captain, i. 34. 
Marshall, Mr., ii. 291. 
Marshall, Ensign Maihew, i. 427. 
Marshall, Serji. William, i. 551. 
Mariarrez, Diego, ii. 177. 
Martin, Gen. Anthony G., i. 183. 
Martin, Lieut. Charles, i. 518, 575. 
Martin, Lieut. George, i. 263. 
Martin, Ensign William, i. 526. 
Mariin, Lieut. -Col. William, i. 423, 

.M4» 498, 499. 5I9» 567. 608. 

Mariyn, Michael, i. 552. 

Massachusetts, disturbed state of the 
province, i. 39 ; provincial congress, 
39, 40, 42 ; bill rejected by New 
York, 41 ; affairs in, described by 
John Adams, 53 ; description of the 
leaders of the revolution in, 62 ; citi- 
zens complain of the taxes, 67. 

Massaya, Nicaragua, ii. 40,420. 

Massey, Gen. Eyre, i. 279, 351, 366, 

369, 375, 382, 465. , 
Massey, Lieut. Eyre, i. 376, 531. 
Massey, Ensign George, i. 382. 
Alassey, Capt. Hugh, i. 260. 
Mathews, Capt. George, i. 569. 
Mathewson, Ensign Alexander, i. 541. 
Maiina, Nicaragua, ii. 202, 203, 234, 

291, 322, 324. 
Matina River, li. 42, 44, 45, 193. 
Matornia, Joseph, ii. 177. 
Matthew, Gen. Edward, i. 177, 178, 

179, 194, 199, 204. 223, 226, 409, 

413, 446, 463, 484, 602. 
Matthews, David, mayor of N. Y. City, 

i. 152, 605. 
Maturin, Capt. Gabriel, i. 41. 
Maturin, Mrs. Mary Livingston, i. 126. 
Mawhood, Lieut. -Col. Charles, i. no, 

329, 434. 542. 
Mawhood, Ensign William J., i, 566. 
Maxwell, CapL Edward P., i. 375. 
Maxwell, Lieut.-Col. John, i. 330, 421, 

424, 515. 
Maxwell, Gen. William, i. 174. 

May, Capt. Henry, i. 464. 

Meadows, Ensign Daniel, i. 457. 

Measey, Thoma**, i. 574, 575. 

Mecan, Capt. Thomas, i. 136, 259, 260, 

352. 
Medley, Mr., i. 219. 
Medows, Lieut. -Cul. William, i. 136, 

145, 172, 353, 483, 484, 544, 545, 

562, 564. 
Meggs, Ensign George, i. 291. 
Meigs, Maj. Return J., i. 66.^ 
Melchora River, Nic, ii. 219. 
Mellandez, Lieut. Josef E., ii. 176, 177. 
Melvill, James, ii. 129, 136. 



Mena, Nicaragua, ii. 244, 256, 257, 

258, 259, 265. 
Mercadilla, Rev. Antonio, ii. 177. 
Mercenario, Rev. Blass, ii. 176. 
Mercer, Ensign James, i, 551. 
Mercurdetio, Rev. Antonio, ii. 176. 
Mercury, packet ship, i. 6. 
Merida, ii. 172, 174. 
Mersereau, David, i. 80. 
Mesnard, Captain, i. 30, 38. 
Mesnard, Lieutenant, i. 106. 
Metham, Capt. George M., i. 347, 370, 

371. 
Metzner, Lieut. Frederick, i. 472, 5S9. 

Mewburn, Ensign Thomas, i. 426. 

Middlebush, N. J., i. 121. 

Middletown, N. J., i. 600, 601. 

Midhurst, England, i. 14, 15. 

Mifflin, Gen. Thomas, i. 80. 

Mighan, Bryan, ii. 19, 106, 248, 269, 277. 

Mile Square, N. Y., i. 96, 134. 

Milford, ship of war, i. 75. 

Miligan, Dr. George, i. 330. 

Miller, Lieul. Henry, i. 371. 

Miller, Capt. William, i. 330, 346. 

Milleti, Capt. Mathew, i. 470. 

Millico, Signer, i. 28. 

Millner, Philip, i. 257. 

Mills, James, i. 295. 

Mills, John, i. 555-556. 

Minchin, Lieut. Charles, i. 136, 531. 

Minchin, Ensign Faulkner, i. 376. 

Minchin, Lieut. John, i. 464, 549. 

Minnigerode, Col. Frederick de, i. 451. 

Mintor, John, i. 613. 

Mirbach, Gen. de, i. 422. 

Mitchell, Andrew, i. 471. 

Mitchell, Lieui.-Col. Edward, i. 353, 

444. 519. 526, 539. 
Moffetl, Lieut., de Lancey*s corps, i. 

607. 
Molond, Lieut. Joseph, i. 545. 
Molesworth, Mr., arrest of, i. TI2. 
Molyneux, Col. Thomas M., i. 70. 
Monarch, flag of truce, ii. 24, 37, 38, 

351- 
Monarch, transport, ii. 4,84, 86, 92,274. 
Monck, Lieut. Charles, i. 261, 412. 
Monckton, Lieut.-Col. Henry, i. 70, 

154, 311, 313, 353, 394, 519, 568, 

570, 573. 
Moncrieffe, Lieut. Edward, i. 531. 
Moncrieffe, Ensign George, i. 262. 
Moncrieffe, Maj. James, i. 40, 152, 189, 

347, .355. 366,443, 544- 
Moncrieffe, Miss Margaret, i. S3. 

Money, Lieut. John, i. 262. 

Monillo River, Nicaragua, ii. 219. 

Monkey Point, ii. 50, 51, 54, 56, 322, 

363, 368. 



INDEX. 



459 



Monmouth, England, i. 22. 
Monmouth, N. J., i. 154, 599, 600, 

602. 
Monmouth, ship of war, i. 160. 
Montague, Admiral, i. 39. 
Montague, Capt. of the Fowey, i. 62. 
Montague, Capt. of the King Fisher, 

i. 52. 
Montague, Capt. George, i; 543. 
Montague, Ix>rd, i. 14. 
Montego Bay, ii. i. 
Montfort, Lord, i. 29. 
Montgomery, Gen. Richard, i. 66, 67. 
Montgomery, Capt. William, i. 260, 261. 
Montgomery, Capt. William S,, i. 310, 

360, 365, 379, 
Montreal, operations at, i. 66, 67. 
Montressor, Col. James, i. 108. 
Montressor, Capt. John, i. 39, 40, 352, 

438, 544. 
Montressor's Island, N, Y., i. 87. 
Moore, Rev. Benjamin, i. 386. 
Moore, Lieut. Henry, i. 376. 
Moore, John, i. 352. 
Moore, Mrs., i. 289. 
Moore, Ensign Oliver, i. 364. 
Moore, Cap'.. Thomas, i. 376. 
Moore, William, i. 424. 
Moore, Capt. William, i. 354, 417. 
Moore, Dr. William, i. 469. 
Moorhead, Doctor, i. 369. 
Morden, Ensign Charles W., i. 337. 
Morgan, Capt. Anthony, i. 517. 
Morgan, Mr., i. 21, 22. 
Morgan, Lieut. Marcus A., i. 530. 
Morgantown, ii. 425. 
Morris, Charles, deputy purveyor, i. 569. 
Morris House, N. Y,, i. loO, 125, 134, 

4 '43- 

Morris, Lt.-Col. John, i. no, 514. 

Morris, Lieutenant, Jamaica Legion, 

ii. 26, 32. 
Morris, Lieutenant, Jamaica Vols., ii. 

248. 
Morris, Lewis, aide to Gen. Lee, i. 

103. 
Morris, Dr. Michael, i. 437. 
Morris, Miss, i. i, 98. 
Morris, Robert, miller, i. 506. 
Morris, Roger, his house occupied as 

military headquarters, i. 80, 87, 91. 
Morris, Lieut. William, i. 79. 
Morrisania, N. Y., i. 120, 405, 408, 

409. 
Morrison, Lieutenant, ii. 23. 
Morrison, Capt. Theodore, i. 542. 
Morrison, Dr. Thomas, i. 330. 
Morristown, N. J., i. 107. 
Mortier, Abraham, i. 89. 
Mortimer, Lieut. William S., i. 368. 



Mosquito County described, ii. 57, 419. 

Mosquito Indians, ii. 6, 7, 77, 81, 91, 
92, 167, 173, 182, 185, 187, 190, 195, 
209, 211, 217, 223, 226, 233, 235, 
241, 244, 246, 257, 258, 259, 263, 
280, 281, 285, 289, 291, 292, 314, 
315. 316, 324, 345, 349, 350. 355, 
357, 363, 375, 380, 385, 386, 388, 
392, 406, 411., 419, 422, 424. 

Mosquito Shore, ii. 38, 42, 75, 165, 
167, 182, 189, 191, 205, 239, 273, 

356, 357. 389. 
Mosiyn, Capt. Robert, i. 349. 

Mostyn, Lieut. Samuel, i. 590. 

Mote, John, i. 352. 

Moultrie, Ensign James M., i. 137, 532. 

Mounsey, Capt. James, ii. 232, 378. 

Mounsey, Lieut. Thom.is, ii. ii, 12, 68, 

93» 95, 192, 196, 197, 212, 215, 216, 

217. 232. 
Mount Holly, N. J., i. 596. 
Mount, James, i. 551. 
Mount Pisga> Mass., i. 44, 67. 
Mount, Serjt.-Maj. Timothy, i. 514. 
Mountain, Capt. George, i. 261, 262, 

373, 378. 
Mowaii, Capt, Henry, i. 6i» 
Mud Island, Pa., i. 143, 144, 145, 544, 

568. 
Mulcaster, Captain, i. 121, 123. 
Mullen, Patrick, i. 582. 
Muller, Capt. John K., i. 571 ; ii. 50, 

51, 322, 348, 349, 376. 
Munickhawsen, Captain de, i. 412, 

588. 
Munro, Lieut. Harry, i. 526. 
Munro, Mr., conductor of artillery, ii. 

68, 78, 108, 196. 

Murden, Capt. Robert, i. 137, 528. 
Murdoch. Lieut. Peter, i. 427, 551. 
Murray, Lieut. -Col. Arthur G. , i. 519, 

588. 
Murray, Adjt. Edward, i. 433. 
Murray, Capt. Henry, i. 416. 
Murray, Capt. James, i. 528. 
Murray, Maj. Sir James, i. 136, 551. 
Murray, Lieut. Mcrvyn, i. 464, 549. 
Murray, Serjeant, ii. 88, 228. 
Murray, Capt. Thomas, i. 596. 
Murray, Lieut. Thomas, i. 345. 
Murray, Lieut. -Col. William, i. 515, 

539- 
Murray, Lieut. Lord William, i. 532, 

553, 580. 
Murray's Wharf, N. Y., i. I. 
Musgrave, Lieut. -Col. Thomas, i. 68, 

69, 94, 305, 306, 311, 313, 335. 336. 
337, -338, 340, 353, 395, 489, 5I», 
547. 552. 553, 554. 555, 587, 590- 

Mustee Creek, ii. 429. 



460 



INDEX. 



Nairne, Capt. Henry, i. 136, 137, 533. 

Nancy, armed vessel, i. 190. 

Nantucket, Mass., i. 36, 60, 327. 

Napier, Sir James, i. 590. 

Napier, Lieutenant of artillery, ii. 68, 
78, 99, 196, 240, 378. 

Napier, Lieut. VVilliam, i. 334. 

Nash, Ensign Thomas, i. 550. 

Navos, Don Whakun de, ii. 41. 

Needham, Lieut. John, i. 347, 378. 

Negroes, of Honduras, ii. 14 ; Spanish, 
39 ; troops, 41 ; employed by the 
British, 55 ; soldiers, 125, 155, 166, 
168, 188, 189, 191, 280, 281, 282, 
304, 313, 318; from Jamaica, 136; 
holidays for, 150 ; slaves to be im- 
pressed, 203, 238 ; escape to Rat- 
tan Island, 205, 235, 244 ; captured 
to be slaves, 217, 244, 246 ; impor- 
tance of as boatmen, 276, 406, 411 ; 
as laborers, 312, 325, 330 ; deseners, 
367, 387 ; troops, 371, 382. 

Neil, Doctor, i. 588. 

Nelson, Capt. Horatio, ii. 4, 6, 209, 211, 
212, 215, 216, 220, 221. "Si^t preface, 

Nemens, Captain, ii. 378. 

Neptune, transport, i. 360. 

Nesbitt, Lieut. -Col. William, i. 283, 
292. 

Ncversink, N. J., i. i, 79, no, 601, 
602. 

Newark, N. J., i. 102, 105, 114, 117, 

132, 155. 

New Blessing, transport, i. 616. 

New Bridge, N. J., i. 132, 163, 164, 
177, 182, 426, 428. 

New Brunswick, N. J., i. 102, 105, 107, 
108. 109, III, 120, 121, 122, 189, 
430, 442, 443. 

Newburgh, Lord, i. 13. 

Newburgh, N. Y., i. 126. 

Newfoundland, i. 4, 196, 232, 237. 

New Garden, Pa., i. 489. 

New Haven, Conn., i. 179. 

New Jersey, endorses the Continental 
Congress, i. 42 ; troops sent to the 
defence of New York, 80 ; troops 
opposite Staten Island, 81 ; division 
of her people, 92 ; Cornwallis marches 
into, loi ; retreat of Washington, 
103, 104 ; defeat of Rail, 104, 105 ; 
battle at Princeton, 105, 115; at 
Bound Brook, 114; Howe marches 
into, 119, 121 ; action at Brunswick, 
ana his retreat, 122, 123 ; British 
raid into, 132 : acts of parliament 
received in, 150 ; the British retreat 
from Philadelphia, 153; Cornwallis 
leads a foraging party into, 162, 163 ; 
Elizabethiown, attacked, 174 ; Sim- 



coe*s raid," 188 ; Cornwallis raid, 419, 
425 ; British encampments, winter of 
1776, 426 ; battle of Princeton, 434 ; 
evacuation of the Slate by the British, 
June, 1777, 442-457 ; Clinton's re- 
treat through, in 1778, 595-603 ; bat- 
tle of Monmouth, 600, 602. 

Newland, John, i. 591. 

New London, Conn., i. 175. 

Newman, Ensign Michael, i. 517. 

Newmarket, England, i. 29. 

New Orleans, ii. 215. 

Newport, England, i. 22. 

New Rochelle, N. Y., i. 94, 115, 394, 

395, 396. 
Newton, Capt. Phillips, i. 354. 

Newton, Lieut. Charles, i. 540. 

Newtown, N. Y., military movements 
at, 1. 86, 88, 109, 606, 618. 

New Utrecht, N. Y., i. 85, 154, 384, 
603. 

New Windsor, N. Y., i. 103, 140. 

New York City, parade on departure of 
Gen. Gage, i. i ; Gen. Haldimand 
leaves the city, 40; merchants offer 
protection to vessels in trade, 42 ; 
Capt. Wynn*s vessel attacked, 58 ; 
to be fortified, 69 ; invaded by Con- 
necticut men, 70 ; New Jersey troops 
arrive at, 80 ; British ships pass the 
city, 80 ; Howe's flag of truce stopped, 
81 ; received, 82 ; American troops 
sickly in, 83 ; retreat of the Ameri- 
cans from Brooklyn, 86 ; fortifications, 
83, 84, 87, 88, 93, 114, 142, 143, 384, 

608, 618, 622 ; captured by the Brit- 
ish, 88 ; battle at Harlem, 89 ; Gen. 
Robertson appointed commandant, 
89 ; great fire of 1776, 89 ; force of 
troops, 107 ; celebration of Queen's 
birthday, 108, 437 ; Clinton to com- 
mand at, 124, 125, 468 ; Clinton's 
quarters at the Kennedy house, 143 ; 
Gen. Jones in command, 150, 471 ; 
the fire of 1778, 158 ; Earl Percy in 
command of, 386 ; regulations for 
burials, 416 ; fences and houses to be 
protected, 421, 437, 623 ; patrols, 
431. 435; city lamps, 432 ; regula- 
tions for soldiers at night, 435 ; fire 
regulations, 438, 439 ; alarm posts. 
440 ; regulations for boats, 441 ; 
orders of Gen. Daniel Jones, 604-626; 
Gen. Valentme Jones commandant 
of the city, 605 ; David Matthews, 
mayor, Andrew Elliot, superinten- 
dent of police, 605 ; burnt district, 

609, 615 ; the King's birthday, 625, 
626. 

Streets and localities : — Albany Pier, 



INDEX. 461 

i. 460 ; Apthorp's House, 88 ; Bar- Nicholson, Capt. Robert, ii. 206. 

racks, 440, 441 ; Bayard's Mount, 8g; Nicoll, Lieut. Thomas, i. 136. 

Black Horse Tavern, 88 ; Blooming- Nicolls, Maria, i. 554. 

dale, 89, 92, 144, 145, 456, 608 ; Nickelson, William, i. 428. 

Bowery road, 615, 619 ; Broad street, Niger, ship of war, i. 76. 

615 ; Broadway, 89, 440; Bridewell, Noble, Ensign Mungo, i. 262. 

432 ; Bunker's hill, 89, 621, 623 ; Nooth, Dr. John M., i. 362. 

Cherry street, 441 ; City Hall, 89, Nordburg, Lieut. John, ii. 228. 

413, 423, 428, 434, 439 ; Coffee Norfolk, Duke of, i. 13. 

house, I ; College, 440 ; Common, Norman, Lieut. Charles, i. 532, 589. 

418, 440, 607, 608, 61T, 613, 615, Norrington, Pa., i. 502, 503. 

619, 621 ; Del.ancey*s house, 414 ; North, Lieut. Richard, i. 530. 

Dove Tavern, 414 ; Exchange, 89 ; Northumberland, Duke of, i. 9. 

Flaiienberg hill, 89 ; Fort George, i ; Norton, Captain William, i. 270. 

General Hospital, 386, 436, 464; Nova Scotia, a recruiting station, i. 196. 

Greenwich, 145, 437, 441, 456, 606, Nugent, Captain, ii. 179, 180, 181, 182, 

609, oil, 614, 615, 620, 621 ; Hari- 185. 

son's house, 421; Harlem heights, Nugent, Capt. George, i. 575. 

414 ; Hell Gale, 87, 88, 160 ; Hill's Nugent, Lieut. Waller, i. 347. 

tavern, 89: Home's hook, 87, 386, Nunwick, Lieut. William, i. 259. 

617, 618 ; Horsfield's brewery, 431 ; 

Jews' burying ground, 607, 608, 611, Oblong, N. Y., i. 131. 

613, 621 ; Jones's house, 89. 384, O'Brien, Captain, ii. 53, 360. 

414, 617; Kipps bay, 88; King's O'Brien, James, of Phila., i. 555. 
wharf, 432, 472; Lispenard's house, O'Brien, Lieut. James, i. 368. 
89; McCiown's pass, 414, 606, 613, Ocean, transport, i. 359. 

615, 617. 618, 620; Maiden Lane, Odell, Major, ii. 377, 384. 

431 ; Marston's wharf, 620; Morlier's Ogden, Maj. Aaron, i. 130. 

house, 89; Murray's wharf, i ; New Ogden, Maj. Matthias, i. 66. 

Barracks, 421, 441 ; Queen street, Ogilvie, Lieut.-Col. James, i. 241, 321, 

440, 441 ; Reservoir redoubt, 622 ; 348, 423, 439, 486. 

Ryerson's wharf, 462 ; St. Paul's Ogilvie, .Mr., agent 60th reg't, i. 203, 

church, 89, 440; Tea Water pump, 205, 208, 212, 213, 216, 240 ; ii. 402. 

440; Turtle Bay, 462, 616; Van Ogle, Captain, ii. 205. 

Courtland's house, 89 ; Vauxhall, Ogle, Lieut. Charles, i. 333, 337. 

421; Wall street, 616; Will's Wharf, O'Hara, Col. James, i. if)6, 168, 512, 

460. 514, 515, 516, 561, 564. 

New York Colony, assembly refuses to O'Hani, Mary, i. 552. 

adopt the measures of Congress, i. Oliver, Dr. Peler, i. 418. 

41 ; petition the King, 41. Oliver, Lieut. Daniel, i. 252. 

Nicaragua, expedition against from O'Mara, Capt. Richard, i. 532. 

Jamaica, ii. i, 4, 188, 197 ; capture Ometepe, Nicaragua, ii. 223, 225. 

St. Fernando de Omoa, 4, 165- Ommeny, Capt. of the Tartar, i. 92. 

185 ; abundance of game, 8, 42, 58, Omoa, ii. 239. See St. Fernando de St, 

421; description of the country, 9, 39. Omoa. 

42, 420; unhealthy, 14, 15, 287, 407; Orange, N. J., i. 121. 

rainy season, 16, 40, 62, 223, 226, Ord, Lieut. Daniel, i. 462, 549. 

227, 2S3 ; towns and roads, 40, 42 ; Ord, Capt. Thomas, i. 562, 592, 595. 

fish, 42; produce, 43; policy of the Orde, Capt. John, Gov. Dominica Isl- 

British, 243, 270, 283, 296; cam- and, i. 214. 

paign abandoned, 376. See Lake Orton, Mr., ii. 61, 349, 354. 

Nicaragua. Osborne, Sir George, i. 498. 

Nicaragua, packet ship, ii. 45. Osterley House, i. 11. 

Nicaragua River, ii. 13, 14, 34, 35, 252, Otter, sloop of war, i. 117. 

254. See San Juan River. Ourry, Captain of the Somerset, i. 174. 

Nicarngua, sloop, ii. 286, 292. Owen, Thomas, i. 287, 288, 295. 

Nicaragua, town of, ii. 39, 40, 42, 199, Owens, John, i. 428. 

274. Oxford, England, i. 26. 
Nicholas, Lieut. Nicholas H., i. 356. 

Nicholls, Jeremiah, i. 582. Pacific, transport, i. 359, 460. 



462 



INDEX. 



Paine, Lieut. James, i. 252. 
Paine, Dr. William, i. 362. 
Pakenham, Capt. Richard, i. 464 ; ii. 

178, 183, 185. 
Pal fry man, Mr., i. yx). 
Palmer, Ensij^n Charles, i. 566. 
Palmer, Dr. Francis, i. 587. 
Palmer, Lieut. Robert, ii. 403. 
Palook, ii. 257. 
Pantheon, London, i. 11. 
Papley, Lieut. Edward, i. 526, 562. 
Paramus, N. J., i. 178. 
Parisburg, Ga., i. 173, 177. 
Parismanus, Nicaragua, ii. 42. 
Parke, Captain, ii. 37, 43, 127, 148, 160, 

161, 272, 289, 309, 312, 324, 350, 365, 

394- 
Parke, Mr., Engineer, ii. 256, 259, 

265. 
Paiker, Captain, ii. 179, 183. 
Parker, Admiral Hyde, i. 161. 
Parker, Capt. Hyde, jr., of the Phoenix, 

i. 80, 92, 97. 
Parker, Sir Peter, ii. 63, 178, 245, 377. 
Parker, Capt. William, i. 366, 382. 
Parkhurst, Cornel^ Charles, i. 548. 
Parry, David, Gov. of Barbadoes, i. 

201, 202, 222, 241. 
Parry, Lieut. Powell, i. 263, 265. 
Parry, Capt. Thomas, i. 531. 
Parsons, Gen. Samuel H., i. 144. 
Pascall, Ensign, i. 585. 
Parlido River, Nicaragua, ii. n^. 
Palerson, Mr., miller, i. 294. 
Paterson, Ensign William L., i. 385. 
Patrick, Lieut. Robert, i. 25S, 259. 
Patterson, Captain, ii. 38. 49, 58, 125, 

130, 136, 138, 161, 269, 276, 278, 310, 

3^>5. 370, 374. 381, 3S6, 393, 407. 
Patlerson, Col. James, i. 82, 11 8, 150, 

292, 300, 339. 596. 
Patterson, Lieutenant, ii. 12. 
Patterson. Mr., ii. 222, 257. 
Patli.oon, Gen. James, i. 133. 564. 567. 
Paul us Hook, N. J., i. 79, 80, 81, ()0, 

107, loS, ick;, 122. 132, 133, 143, 182, 

472, 609, 611, 614, 622. 
Pawletl, Capt. William, i. 59. 
J'axlon, William, (juartermasier, i. 262. 
Payne, Capt. IJenjamin C, i. 62. 104, 

loS, 109, 368. 
Pearce, Ensign, i. 39<j. 
Pearl Key Lagoon, ii. 3.'^, 49, 52, 55. 

245, 257, 273, 291, 297, 312, 315, 

320. 336, 343, 345, 347, 356, 363. 

3S2, 423. 
Pearl Key River, ii. 
Pearl Keys, ii. 48, 144, 319. 332, 360. 

423. 
Peebles, Capt. John, i. 532. 



Peekskill, N. Y., i. 112, 121, 125, 126, 

474- 
Peggy, transport, i. 327, 339, 360, 381, 

616. 
Pelham Manor, N. V., i. 93, 115, 393, 

396- 
Pelican, sloop of war, ii. 36, 45, 46, 48, 

271, 279, 286, 288, 300, 308, 314, 

348, 418. 
Pelleit, Lieut. John, ii. 106, 248. 
Pellctt, Capt. John, ii. 19, 61, 269, 277, 

300, 304, 305, 309, 310, 320. 353, 

354, 355. 
Pemberton, Mr., i. 242. 

Pembroke, Earl of, i. 16, 21, 22, 27. 

Pencador, Md., i. 487, 488. 

Pendrid, Ensign George, i. 529. 

Penelope, transport, ii. 71, 74, 75, 129, 
130, 131, 132. 

Pennsylvania, endorses the measures of 
Congress, i. 42 ; invaded by Howe, 
126, 132, 133, 135, 136. 137. 139, 
475-510 ; batlle of Brandy wine, 492, 
493 ; batlle of Germantown, 510 ; 
capture of Mud Island, 544, 568. 

Penny Town, N. J., i. 103. 

Penobscot, Me., i. 181, 184. 

Pensacola, Grant's expedition to, i. 165. 

Pepperly, Michael, i. 601. 

Peraro, Ensign Joseph, i. 549. 

Percy, Gen. Earl HugK, in action at 
Lexington, i. 43 ; movement on Rox- 
bury, 46 ; in Boston, 50, 272, 299 ; 
takes possession of Paulus Hook, 90 ; 
commands the troops on New York 
island, 93. 386 ; attacks Fort Wash- 
ington, 100, 409 ; major general, 
351 ; his aid-de-camp. 353 ; at Hali- 
fax, 329. 337, 338, 340, 341, 343, 344, 

345. 355. 363- 
Percy, E^^ign John, i. 365. 

Perth Amboy, N. J., i. 444, 445, 446, 
452, 454. 455- 

Pelerfield, Lieut. Boyd, i. 259. 

Petei-s, Capt. Thomas, i. 136, 381, 560. 

Petersham, Lord, i. 142. 

Petworth, England, i. 14. 

Philadelphia, provision vessel from, cap- 
tured, i. 52 ; spy executed ar, 112; 
Howe's movement on. 122, 126; Brit- 
ish troops from N. Y., 142, 143: Clin- 
ton in command, 149, 150; arrival of 
British commissioners, 151, 152; evac- 
uation of, 151, 152; captured by Gen. 
Howe, 506; its occupation, 507-522: 
fortifications, 516, 518, 524, 533, 542, 
544, 552, 559, 563 ; headquarters of 
the British army, 522-594 ; depreda- 
tions by the soldiery, 556, 55S, 563, 
576. 577 J celebration of the King's 



INDEX. 



463 



birthday, 589 ; evacuation of the city, 
592-594. 

Streets and localities : — Arch street, 
548, 558 ; Blacking's house, 523 ; 
Bunch of Grapes tavern, 547 ; City 
tavern, 554, 559, 561, 565, 572, 580, 
584. 587, 589 : coal yard, 577, 592, 
593, 594; Common, 530, 556. 557, 

565. 577» 5^0 ; Dickinson's house, 
563 ; Front street, 588 ; General Hos- 
pital, 530, 533 ; Market, 527, 558 ; 
Market street, 578 ; Middle fftrry, 
507, 524, 525 ; Moravian alley, 558 ; 
new jail, 583 ; Norris's wood, 553, 
561 ; Pennsylvania hospital, 547, 554, 

566, 567 ; Point-no-point, 561 ; Prov- 
ince Island ferry, 523, 525, 529, 534, 
540, 541 ; Race street, 558 ; Ridge 
road, 559-563 ; Rising Sun tavern, 
563 ; State House, 526, 542 ; theatre, 
516, 529, 533, 540; Third street, 547; 
Walnut street, 524, 552. 

Phillip, Captain of the Poyer Indians, 

ii. 428. 
Phillips, Ensign, i. 530. 
Phillips, Capt. Erasmus J., 105. 
Phillips, Col. Frederick, i. 99, loi. 
Phillips House, i. 163, 178, 179. 
Phillips, Miss, i. 98, 99. 
I^hillips, Capt. Nathaniel, i. 260, 605, 

616. 
Phillips, Maj. Ralph, ii. 404. 
Phillips, Maj. -Gen. William, i. 351. 
Phillipse's NIanor, N. Y., i. 94, 98, 99. 
l-hilpot, John, quartermaster, i. 262. 
Phips's Farm, Mass., i. 42, 67, 69, 70. 
Phfenix, ship of war, i. 61, 80, 91, 92, 97. 
Pierse, Capt. James, i. 464. 
P>gg> William, i. 616. 
Pigot, Gen. Sir Robert, i. 71, 125, 160, 

284, 290, 298, 312, 313, 330, 348, 

351. 353. 355, 361. 363, 384, 471. 
Pike, Abraham, i. 483. 
Pilkington, Ensign William, i. 567. 
Piper, Lieut. John, i. 363. 
Piscataway, N. J., i. 117, 443, 444. 
Pitcairn, Maj. John, i. 41. 
Pitcairn, Lieut. Thomas, i. 264, 298. 
Pitt, Mr., ii. 245, 256. 
Pitt, schooner, ii. 56. 
Put, William, i. 27. 
Plantain River, ii. 427. 
Plees, Ensi£jn Christian, ii. 16, 23, 26, 

28, 378, 408. 
Point of Casiile, ii. 419, 431. 
Point Judith, i. 149, 159. . 
Pointa Gourda River, ii. 421. 
Poloyah River, ii. 428, 429. 
Polly, transport, ii. 45, 51, 300, 311, 

312, 349. 



Poison, Capt. John, commands expe- 
dition to Spanish main, ii. i; besieges 
Fort San Juan, 4, 5. 6, 11, 23, 25, 26, 
28, 34, 38, 46; commands the expe- 
dition to St. John's, ii. 68, 93 ; quar- 
termaster general, 94, 124, 132; com- 
mands a battalion, 102, iii; thanked 
for his services, no; instructions 
from Gen. Dalling, 191, 196; expedi- 
tion against Fort San Juan, 198; re- 
ports his operations at and capture of 
St. John's Castle, 206, 208, 210, 215, 
220, 227, 228, 232; suffers from fevCr, 
221; his merit, 233 ; trouble >»ith his 
native troops, 244, 246, 263; sails for 
Jamaica, 287 ; at Black River, 361 ; 
at castle of St. Juan, 405, 406, 413, 
414, 415, 416. 

Pomona, frigate, ii. 165, 167, 170, 178, 
179. 

Pompton, N. J., i. 125. 

Pontepool, England, i. 21. 

Pope, Lieut. Thomas, i. 531, 540. 

Porcupine, sloop of war, ii. 182, 183 
184, 185. 

Porter, Capt. Richard, i. 215, 216. 

Port Henderson, Jamaica, ii. 63. 

Port Royal, Jamaica, ii. 62, 178. 

Port Royal harbor, island of Rattan 
ii. 205, 206. 

Porto Bello, ii, 44, 59, 60, 215, 273. 

Porto Cavallo, ii. 166. 183. 

Porto Xuevo, ii. 431. 

Portsmouth, England, i. 8, 15. 

Portsmouth, Me., fort at captured, i. 

41. 
Portsmouth, Va., captured, i. 178. 

Potook River, ii. 426. 

Potter, Serpeant, i. 551. 

Pottinger, Ensign Henry, i. 540. 

Potts, Dr. Alexander, i. 493. 

Pott.s, Capt. J., ii. 197, 321. 

Powell, Lieut. John, i. 278. 

Power, Ensign William, i. 542. 

Powles Hook, N. J., i. 419, 428, 432. 

Powna River, ii. 427. 

Powyeston, Ensign John, i. 263. 

Poyer Indians, ii. 428. 

Preble, Gen. Jedediah, i. 61. 

Prenau, ii. 429. 

Prescott, Gen. Richard, i. 41, 90, 93, 

124, 125, 147, 351, 385, 410, 517. 

519. 525, 589; 614. 
Prescott, Maj. William, i. 423, 434, 

470. 
Preston, Maj. Charles, i. 423. 
Prevost, Gen. Augustine, i. 173, 177, 

189. 195, 197, 198, 203, 206, 207, 

2CX), 210, 211, 2M. 217, 218, 224, 

226 ; ii. 403. 



464 



INDEX. 



Prevost, Lieut. -Col. James M., i. 175. 
Priddie, Ensign Philip, ii. 403. ' 
Princapulca, ii. 424. 
Prince Rupert, transport, i. 360. 
Princes Bay, N. Y., i. 122, 457. 
Princess Royal, ship of war, i. 15. 
Princeton, N. J., i. 102, iii, 115, 434. 
Pringle, Mr., i. 349. 
Prior, Lieut. John M., i. 291. 
Pritchard, Lieut. William, i. 290. 
Proctor, Ensign George, i. 529, 571. 
Proctor, Dr. Richard, i. 469. 
Providence, Pa., i. 502. 
Providence, R. L, i. 41, 147. 
Providence, W. L. ii. 193. 
Provincial Corps in service of Great 

Britain. 

British Legion, i. 575, 576, 578, 588, 

590. 597. 599- 

Caledonian Volunteers, i. 594. 

Chasseurs, i. 132, 133, 606. 

De Lancey*s Brigade, i. 127, 152, 156, 

165, 384, 604, 607, 610, 611, 612, 

614, 616, 624. 

Ferguson's Riflemen, i. 135, 137, 164, 

178, 179, 443, 446, 448, 450, 454, 

455. 466, 475, 477, 484 

Jamaica Legion, ii. 17, 18, 21, 26, 27, 

28, 32, 84, 90, loi, 105, 107, 109, 

III, 117, 122, 134, 141, 22c, 231, 

238, 239, 262, 269, 275, 277, 307, 

308, 323, 369. 378- 

Jamaica Royal Volunteers, ii. 15, 19, 

20, 28, 32, 6r, 70, 74, 76, 77, 79, loi, 

106, 107, 109, III, 122, 128, 132, 
134, 137. 141, 157, 161. 207, .215, 
231, 247, 262, 269, 277, 307, 308, 

323. 378, 390- 

King's American Regiment, i. ill, 

133, 134, 138, 371, 37-1. 391. 395, 
39^>, 39^' 402, 414, 616, 617, 619. 
King's Orange Rangers, i. 109. 114, 

132, 133, 165, 607, 609, 619. 620. 
King's Royal Hatteaux Vr)lunteers, ii. 
32, 49. 57. 109, 119. 122, 125, 127, 

133. 134. 137. 140, 141. 232, 233, 
237, 262, 274, 276, 288, 307, 308. 
323. 326, 369, 378. 414. 

Loyal American Associalors, i. 252, 

3^'3. 591. ^^19. ^20. 

Loyal American Regiment, i. 120, 

133, 138. I5^>, 179. 54^>. 6rS, 620. 
!,oyal Irish Corps (Jamaica, W. L), 
ii. i(>, iH. 21, 22. 26, 28, 32, 53, 67, 
70, 74, 75, 77. 80, 87, 88, 100, loi, 

107, 109, III, 122, 132, 136, 143, 
151, 157. 1(>S, 1^6, 167, 182. 197, 
2i«>, 228, 240, 262, 276. 3CX), 318, 

324. v>'). 371. 378. 382, 3S4. 

Loyal Irisli Volunteers, i. 270. 



Maryland Loyalists, i. 165, 582, 594, 

600. 

Mosquito Shore Volunteers (Black 

River Co.), ii. 12, 19, 36, 75, 77, 125. 

182, 188, 191, 195, 197, 224, 405, 

408. 

New Jersey Volunteers, i. no, 129, 

165, 177, 514. 557, 576, 585, 594. 

597, 599, 600, 60.^, 614, 621, 622, 

623. 

New York Volunteers, i. 281, 418, 

546, 567, 604, 6og, 614, 622. 

Nova Scotia Volunteers, i. 366, 372, 

374. 377, 380. 

Pennsylvania Loyalists, i. 557, 565. 

Pioneers, i. 448, 451, 454, 455, 466. 

475, 489, 499- 

Prince of Wales American Regiment, 

i. 615, 616, 624. 

Queen's American Rangers, i. 93, 94, 
107, loS, 135, 137, 156, 165, 186, 
283, 293, 2r8, 303, 309» 312, 324, 
39L 392, 393, 394. 4", 4i4. 43©, 
443, 446, 454. 455, 460, 466, 475, 

477, 484, 489, 496, 497, 499» 502. 

503, 504, 506, 519, 521, 522, 528. 

541, 544, 584, 586. 588, 590, 594. 

596, 603, 624. 

Roman Catholic Volunteers, i. 570, 

582, 588, 600. 

Royal Fencible Americans, i. 251, 

258. 271, 331, 340, 342. 347, 349, 

356, 366, 367, 368, 369, 378. 

Royal North British Volunteers, i. 

254. 284. 

South Carolina Royalists, i. 175, 558, 

592- 

Volunteers of Ireland, i. 162, 163, 

167, 177, 186, 187, 2S4. 587, 5S8. 594. 
Pryce, Ensign Sir Edward M., i. 437. 
Puddicombe, Dr. William, i. 530. 
Pulaski, Couni Casimir, i. 164, 189. 
Putnam, Gen. Israel, i. 8S, 104, in, 

121, 125, 127, 134, 140, 143. 
Putnam, Capt. James, i. 252. 
Putnam, Lieut. James. Jr., i. 252. 
Pyne, Ensign Francis, ii. 59, 87, 146. 

Quebec, bill rejected by New York, i. 

41 ; flefeat of Montgomery, 66, 67, 

•76 ; Hessians sail for, 185. 
Queen's American Rangers. See Pro- 

7'incial Corps. 
Qiiibbletown, X. J., i. 109, IIO, 123, 

451. 

Racehorse, armed vessel, ii. 165, 178, 

179. 181, 1S3, 185. 
Radclifie, Bishop, i. 26. 
Radford, Lieut. Ebenezer, i. 291, 356. 



INDEX. 



465 



Radnor, Lord, i. i6. 
Rahway, N. J., deserters from, i. 8i. 
Rainbow, ship of war, i. 117. 
Raincy, Capt. Robert, i. 417. 
Raisonable,shipof war, i. 155, 156, 177, 

186. 
Rainsford, Capt. Charles, i. 566. 
Raleigh, frigate, i. 176. 
Rail, Colonel, i. 104, 398, 405, 410. 

433» 441. 
Rama Indians, ii. 23, 28, 421. 

Rammage, Lieut. John, i. 270. 

Ramsey, Ensign Martin, i. 390. 

Ramsey, Capt. William, i. 333, 335, 

345. 461. 
Rander^- Island. See Montressor. 
Ranger, transport, i. 359. 
Rankin, Ensign William, i. 541. 
Raritan River, N. J., i. 112, 120. 
Rattan, ii. 54, 307, 312, 323, 330, 360, 

377. 
Rattan Island, ii. 166, 179, 182, 190, 

204, 205, 235, 237, 239, 241, 244. 
Rawdon, Col. Lord Francis, i. 134, 

150, 153, 162. 168, 169, 180, 183, 184. 

297, 586, 587, 595. See Provincial 

Corps, J'olunUers of Ireland. 
Rawdon, Capt. John, i. 136. 
Rawerton, Ensign James, i. 584. 
Ray, Capt. Lewis, i. 427. 
Raymond, Lieut. James, i. 345. 
Raymond, Lieut. William, i. 430, 

457. 
Raynor, Captain of the Isis, i. 160. 

Read, Ensign John, i. 457. 

Read, Ensign Thomas, i. 532. 

Read, Lieut. William, i. 549, 562. 

Reade, Joseph, i. 555. 

Realejo. Nicaragua, ii. 43, 199. 

Red Bank, Pa., i. 143, 145. 

Red Hook, N. Y., i. 79, 80. 86. 

Reid, Mr., i. 357. 

Renown, ship of war, i. 157, 375. 

Resolution, transport, i. 360. 

Resource, ship of war, ii. 4, 53, 54, 56, 
269. 286, 293, 358, 363, 365, 368, 377, 
381. 

Reveit, Ensign Nicholas, i. 364. 

Reynolds, Capt. Decirous, i. 356, 470. 

Reynolds, Lieutenant of the Royal Fen- 
cible Americans, i. 271. 

Rhode Island, purchases arms, and en- 
lists troops, i. 41; invaded by the Brit- 
ish, 103, 107; Gen. Pigot to command 
there, 125 ; arrival of Lord Howe, 
147 ; transport vessels at, 146, 148 ; 
Sullivan's attack. 151 ; arrival of the 
French fleet, 157, 159, 161 ; Clinton 
sails for, 161 ; movements of Sulli- 
van, 162 ; Lord Howe returns, 162 ; 



transports sail from N. Y. to take off 
the troops, 186 ; their return, 188. 

Richardson, Ensign Abraham, i. 549. 

Richardson,' Serjeant, i. 278. 

Richardson. Lieut. William, i. 365. 

Richmond, Duke of, i. 12, 14. 

Richmond, frigate, i. 176. 

Richmond Hill, England, i. 9. 

Richmond, N. Y., i. 127, 129, 455. 

Riddle, Capt. John, i. 36. 

Ridgefield, Conn., i. 116. 

Ridley, Capt. John, i. 330, 345, 364, 

432. 

Ridsdale, Capt. Twisleton G., i. 370. 

Riley, Edward, i. 504. 

Rio Lecho, ii. 420. 

Rio, Serjt. Major, i. 507. 

Roberts, Lieut. John. i. 349. 

Roberts, Dr. Roberts, i. 464. 588. 

Roberts, Ensign Samuel, i. 365, 457. 

Roberts, Maj. Samuel W., i. 206. 

Roberts, Thomas, i. 61. 

Robertson, Lieut. Alexander, i. 295,368. 

Robertson, Capt. Archibald, i. 72, 373, 
429, 442, 469. 

Robertson, Lieut. David, i. 532, 572. 

Robertson, Duncan, i. 483. 

Robertson, Ensign James, i. 420. 

Robertson, Gen. James, at Boston, i. 
45» 263, 274, 284, 298, 300, 320; 
commandant of New York city, 89. 
93, 149. 421, 422, 605 ; to command 
at R. L, 125 ; arrives from England, 
133; his illness, 139; at Philadelphia, 
^^53 J appointed colonel of 6oih Regt., 
351: his aide-de-camp, 353, 519; at 
Halifax, 355, 361 ; promoted major 
general, 457. 

Robertson, Mr., deputy barrackmaster, 
i. 507. 

Robinson, Col. Beverly, i. 120, 133, 
156, 618, 619, 620. See Proznncial 
Corps, Loyal A mni can Regiment, 

Robinson, Lieut. Col. Beverly, Jr., i. 

546. 
Robinson, Doctor, ii. 57. 
Robinson, Capt. John, i. 394. 
Robinson, Capt. Morris, i. 546. 
Robinson, Serjt. Major, i. 400. 
Robinson, Dr. William, i. 493. 
Rochat, Capt. John P., ii. 49, 50, 140, 

150. 2S1, 325, 328, 394. 
Rochford, transport, i. 360. 
Rochfort, Lieut. William, i. 362, 533, 

539- 
Roebuck, ship of war, i. 91, 92, 97. 

Rogers, Lieut. Jeremiah 1)., i. 252. 

Rogers, Capt. John. i. 375. 

Rogers, Col. Robert, i. 93, 94, 108, 

391. 392, 393, 394, 4", 414- 



466 



INDEX. 



Rollo, Ensign Robert, i. 548, 553. 

Komaine, Dr. Nicholas, i. 437. 

Romaine, Ensign Thomas, i. 365, 532. 

Roman River, ii. 431. 

Romulus, ship of war, i. 173. 

Rook, Charles, i. 514. 

Rooke, Capt. Charles, i. 69, 562, 605. 

Roosavel, merchant vessel, i. 5. 

Rose, ship of war, i. 80, 556. 

Rosebud, privateer, i. 189. 

Ross, Captain, ii. 52. 

Ross, Capt. Alexander, i. 184, 261, 483, 

592. 
Ross, Capt. Arthur, i. 544. 

Ross, Hercules, ii. 189, 191, 232, 275, 
324, 326, 366, 393. 

Ross, Mr., ajjent 60th reg't, i. 240. 

Ross, Lieut. Thomas, i. 588. 

Rowland, Capt. John, i. 539. 

Roxbury, Mass., fortified, i. 44, 46; 
attempt to burn, 46 ; operations at, 
47, 48, 51, 54, 55, 58, 59. 62. 

Royal George, armed vessel, ii. 20, 33. 

Royal George, transport, ii. 48, 51, 58, 

3^. 367. 
Royal Highland Emigrants. See Brii- 

ish Army 2>^th Rcgt, 

Ruggles, Lieut. John, i. 252. 

Ruggles, Hon. Timothy, i. 252. 

Rup>eri. Prince, i. 18. 

Rush, Doctor, ii. 278, 378. 

Rush, Serjt. Henry, i. 590. 

Russell, Ensign Ambrose, i. 264. 

Russell, Samuel, i. 591, 

Russell, ship of war, i. 183, 186. 

Russell, Lieut. Thomas, i. 258, 263. 

Russell, Lieut. William, i. 385, 571. 

Russia Merchant, transport, i. 361. 

Rust, Doctor, ii. 117. 

Rutherford, Lieut. Archibald, i. 94. 

Rutledge, Edward, i. 87. 

Ruxton, Lieut. Samuel, i. 136. 

Ryan, Ensign, i. 417. 

Ryan, Capt. James, i. 517. 

Ryerson's Ferry, Slaten Island, i. 467. 

Rysbrach, John Michael, i. 26. 

Sabine, Capt. William, i. 51, 2()0. 

Sakelong, ii. 425. 

St. Andreas Island, ii. 46, 51, 273. 

St. Augustine, i. 165, 189. 

St. Carlos F'ort, ii. 267, 268, 278. 

St. ('lair. Cornel John, i. 390, 549. 

St. Croix, i. 5. 

St. Fernando de Omoa, reports on the 

capture of, ii. i, 165-185. 
St. George, Lieut. Richard St. George 

M., i. 429, 517. 
St. George':> Key, ii. 165, 175, 179, iSo, 

181, 1S2, 1S5, 189, 239. 



St. John, sloop, ii. 38,48,49, 144, 317, 

319. 328, 329. 332-348, 366. 

St. John's, N. B., i. 227; described, 
240, 241 ; troops for, 354, 358. 

St. John's, Nicaragua, British expedi- 
tion leaves Jamaica, ii. 67. 

St. John's Harbor, Nicaragua, Briti.sh 
expedition to, ii. 4, 79, 86, 188, 197, 
405 ; fortified, 5, 6, 93, 246, 405 ; ill 
health of troops at, 24, 36, 261, 272, 
285, 293, 363, 418; described, 5; 
threatened by the Spaniards, 44, 273 ; 
troops removed to Bluefields, 46, 137, 
300. 308 ; a military depot, 234 ; plan 
of, 286 ; vessels sunk to obstruct, 

320, 366, 369, 375. 

St. John's River. See San Juan Kiver. 

St. Joseph, register ship, ii. 176. 

St. Leger, Col. Barry, i. 133. 

St. Leger, Capt. Haye«, i. 470. 

St. Leger, Ensign William, i. 549. 

St. Lucia, i. 172. 

St. Margaret's Bay, N. S., i. 347. 

St. Mary's, Jamaica, ii. 63. 

St. Miguel, Nicaragua, ii. 219. 2S0, 285. 

St. Paul's Church, N. Y., i. 89. 

St. Thomas, W. I., ii. 239. 

St. Vincent, W. L, garrison, i. 198, 

220, 222 ; description of, 210. 
Salem, Mass., King's Council assembled 

at, i. 39; mentioned, 50; inhabitants 

of Boston sent to. 55. 
Salisbury, England, i. 15, 16. 
.Sally, transport, ii. 46, 55, 136, 137, 

138, 140, 145, 312, 313, 364, 366, 

36S, 383- 
Salt Creek, ii. 45, 46. 
Salviii, Lieut. Anthony, i. 531, 
Sams, Mr., i. 257. 
Samptown, N. J., i. 123. 
San Bias, ii. 61. 
San Bias Indians, ii. 192, 260. 
San Carlos Fort, ii. 250, 370, 373, 409, 

4M. 415- 
Sandford, quartermaster, i. 567. 

Sandford, Capt. Thomas, i. 590. 

Sandy Hook, N. J., mentioned, i. i ; 
British fleet arrive, 79 ; Hes>^ians ar- 
rive, 84 : light house, 92 ; Clinton's 
army ariives, 154 ; French fleet at, 
155-157 ; Howe's fleet at, 159-161 ; 
obstructions against the French fleet, 
186, 1S7 ; Gen. Howe's army arrives, 
3S3 ; Howe's fleet sails from, 474 ; 
Clinton's headquarters, 602. 

San Juan Castle. See Foit San Juan. 

San Juan River, Nicaragua, operations 
of the British troops on, ii. 4, 7, 77— 
124, 220 ; Kemble's journal of hi"<; 
voyage up to the castle, 7-10, 406 ; 



INDEX. 



467 



Nicaragua branch of, 13, 14. 34, 35, 
252, 254 ; above the castle, 22-31 ; 
Poco Sol Creek, 22 ; Morillio Creek, 
26 ; passage to the harbor, 33-35 ; 
Costa Rica branch of, 34, 43, 222, 
252 ; the Colorado branch, 35, 221, 
222, 243, 253. 254, 273 ; rise in ihe 
river, 51, 54, 350,364. 367; a bugbear 
river, 233 ; survey of the river, 249, 

251, 286, 409 ; Serapique branch, 

252, 274 ; unhealthy, 265, 287 ; de- 
scribed, 420. See St. John s harbor^ 
Fort San Juan, Lake Nicaragua. 

Santa Croix River, Nicaragua, ii. 219. 
Saratoga, N. Y., i. 98, 140, 141, 142, 

534-539- 
Saumarez, Lieut. Thomas de, i. 364. 

Saunders, Capt. John, i. 137. 

Saunderson, Lieut. Alexander, i. 584. 

Saunderson, Dr. George, ii. 12, 48. 128, 

135. 138, 139. 160, 278, 298, 313. 
Savage, Lieut. Abraham, i. 252. 
Savage, Capt. Henry, i. 415. 
Savage, sloop of war, i. 74. 
Savalos River, Nicaragua, ii. 219. 
Savannah, Ga., i. 173, 189. 
Saville, transport, i. 359. 
Sawmill River, N. Y., i. 406. 
Sayers, Thomas, ii. 399. 
.Scarborough, man of war, i. 41, 60. 
Sceiolly. Signor, i. 28. 
Scheedde, Lieut. C. L. T., i. 197, 204, 

208, 215, 217, 219, 225. 
Schlimmer, Lieutenant-Colonel, i. 624. 
Schmidt. Gen. Martin Conrad, i. 95, 

134. 4C9. 410. 4»8. 
Schoniberg. Lieutenant, ii. 7, 12, 68, 

85, 189, 196, 277. 
Schra'er. Capt. George L., ii. 10, 89, 

220, 224. 227. 
Schuylkill River, Pa., i. 151, 152. 
Scoit, Capt. Francis J., i. 439. 
.Scolt. T/ieut. George, i. 588. 
ScoU, Capt. William, i. 435. 
Scriven, Ensign J. B., ii. 145. 
Seabury, Rev. Samuel, i. 468. 
Sears, Isaac, i. 70. 
Seaton, Ensign Christopher, i. 583. 
Sea Venture, transport, i. 3C0. 
Secaucus, N. J., i. 145. 
Seco River, ii. 428. 
Secord River, N. J., i. 102. 
Seix, Capt. Michael, i. 257. 418, 539. 
Selwyn, Capt. Henry C, i. 575. 
Serapique River, ii. 8, 252, 274. 
Sergeant. Lieut. John, i. 252. 
Setauket, N. V., i. 127. 
Seymour, Lieut. Francis, i. 350. 
Shakespeare, Capt. Roger, ii. 190, 192, 

247. 378. 



Shand, Lieut. Alexander, i. 136. 

Shaw, Lieut, ^neas, i. 541. 

Shaw, Alexander, ii. 6, 13. 18, 19, 35, 

36, 151. 196, 222, 275. 289, 290, 314, 

324, 326, 394, 405. 407. 4ii» 412,418. 
Shaw, Capt. Alexander, i. 571. 
Shaw, Capt. Robert, i. 531, 533. 
Shawe, Lieut. Charles, i. 417. 
Shawe, Lieut. William, i. 335, 
Shea, Lieut. John, i. 290. 
Sheldon, Capt. William, ii. 23, 55, 121, 

197, 263, 275, 276. 296. 
Shepherd, Joseph, i. 363. 
Sheppard, Capt. John, i. 401. 
Sherriffe, Lieut. -Col. V/illiam, i. i, 67, 

139, 156, 162, 357. 424, 440, 603, 

604. 
Shildon, Mr., i. 25. 
Short, John, i. 352. 
Shreve, Mrs., of N. J., i. 598. 
Shrewsbury, N. J., i. 79. 
Shudd, John, i. 257. 
Shuldham, Admiral Lord, i. 62, 65. 
Shuldham, Lieut. Thomas, i. 367, 543. 
Shuttleworlh, Capt. John, i. 592. 
Sill, Maj. Francis B., i. 134, 138, 252, 

263, 265, 463, 468, 545. 
Sincoe, Lieut. -Col. John Graves, i. 

136. 188, 291, 298, 519, 520, 544, 

586. See Provincial Corps^ Queen^s 

Rangers. 
Simondson, Capt. Warren, i. 532, 533. 
Simons, Zadock, i. 591. 
Simonson's Ferry, Staten Island, i. 459. 
Sion House, England, i. 9, ir. 
Sisters, transport, i. 70. 
Skeensborough, N. Y., i. 139. 
Skelly, Capt. Francis, i. 621. 
Skene, Capt. David, i. 350. 
Skinner, Gen. Cortlandf, i. 129, 130, 

141, 165, 466, 604, 614, 621, 622, 

623. See Provincial Corps, N. J. 

Vols. 
Skinner, John, midshipman, i. 97. 
Skinner, Col. William, i. 15. 
Slater, Captain, i. 357. 
Slehilin, Lieut. Thomas, i. 260. 
Sleigh, Capt. Jeremiah, i. 330. 
.Slingsby, Mr., a dancer, i. 28. 
Small, Maj. John, i. 357, 388, 590. 
Smallwood, Gen. William, i. 130. 
Smee, General, ii. 316, 350, 356. 
Smelt, Capt. Cornelius, i. 298. 
Smelt, Maj. Thomas, i. 352. 
Smith, Gen. Francis, i. 299, 320, 355, 

361. 
Smith, Lieut. Henry W., i. 542. 
Smith, John, i. 483. 
Smith. Capt. John, i. 313, 355, 358, 

362, 529, 590. 



468 



INDEX. 



Smith, Lieut. John, i. 362. 

Smith, Mr., master carpenter, i^ 296. 

Smith, Mr., of Philipse's manor, i. 94. 

Smith, Lieut. Samuel, i. 137. 

Smith, Thomas, ii. 333, 347. 

Smith, William, i. 89, 570. 

Smith, Ensign William H.,i. 566. 

Smyth, Capt. Carew, i. 568. 

Smyth, Ensign Dalton, i. 457. 

Smyth, John, ii. 146. 

Smyth, Capt. John D. F., i. 519. 

Smythe, Capt. Lionel, i. 353, 401, 530, 

532. 
Smythies, Dr. William, i. 471. 
Snowe, Capt. William, i. 551, 583. 
Sniedor, John W., i. 606. 
Sodden, Ensign Ambrose, i. 585. 
Somerset Court House, N. J., i. 153, 

188. 
Somerset, Duke of, i. 9. 
Somerset, ship of war, i. 167, 174. 
Souter, Maj. William, i. 313, 338, 343, 

348. 

South Amboy. N. J., i. 435, 436, 439, 
440. 

South Carolina, Campbell's expedition 
to, i. 174; Prevosl's movements, 177, 
189. 

Southgait, Captain, i. 30. 

Southampton, England, i. 15. 

Southampton, ship of war, i. 229. 

Southold, N. y., i. 147. 

Southwell, Mr., i. 18. 

Spaight, Lieut. William, i. 337. 

Spain, declares war with England, i. 
183; her occupation of Nicaragua, ii. 
5,44, 242, 257, 419-431; capture of 
the garrison at Fort San Juan, 7, 93, 
210, 212, 215; colored troops, 41, 
226, 267; habits of the Spaniards, 
62 ; loss of St. Fernando de Oinoa, 
165-185 ; captures IJIack River settle- 
ment. 205, 235, 236; ignorance of the 
language among the Britisli, 222; 
Dailing's opinion of the Spaniards, 
236. 

Spanishtown, Jamaica, ii. I, 2, 63, 403. 

Spanklown, N. J., i. no. 

Sparks, Corporal, i. 295. 

Speiring. CMirir»lian, i. 555. 

Spence, Lieut. John, i. 543. 

Spencer, Mr., mariner, i. 543. 

Spens, Mr., i. 238, 240. 

Spillman, Timothy, i. 289. 

Spitfire, privateer, i. 187. 

Spooner, Lieut. Ebenezer, i. 252. 

Spooner, Ensign Thomas, i. 3(/). 

Springfield, N. J., i. 105, 106, 109. 

Springfield, transport, i. 460. 

Sproule, Lieut. George, i. 302. 



Sproule, Mr., surveyor, i. 239. 

Spry, Admiral, i. 8. 

Spry, Capt. William, i. 345, 347, 348, 
349» 350, 352, 354. 359. 360, 368, 
379. 382. 

Spuyten Duyvil Creek, N. Y., i. 133. 

Spuyten Duyvil Fort, i. 410. 

Spy, transport, i. 360. 

Stanford, Rev. Mr., ii. 45, 55, 145, 265, 
285, 290, 292. 

Stanley, Ensign James, i. 353. 

Stanley, Lieut. Thomas, i. 356, 367. 

Stanley, Maj. Thomas, i. 377, 548, 562. 

Stannus, Capt. Ephraim, i. 551. 

Stanton, Capt. John, i. 423. 

Stapleton, Dr. Wynne, i. 386. 

Stark, Ensign David, i. 394. 

Stark, Lieut. Henry B., i. 335, 545, 

Stark, Mr., i. 30, 38. 

Staten Island, N. Y., Gen. Howe's 
army lands on, i. 79, 83, 84 : attempt 
to surprise it, 80 ; fortifications on, 
82 ; commissioners meet on, 87 ; 
troops on, 107 ; Howe retreats to, 122, 
123 ; embarks for the Delaware, 124; 
attacked by the Americans, 127, 141, 
145 ; Clinton's army camps on, 154; 
British army removed to, from the 
Jerseys, 444-463 ; headquarters at 
Banker's house, 457-462, 465 ; flag- 
staff, 459 ; embarkation of the army, 
459-467 ; watering place, 466, 606 ; 
Gen. Campbell in command, 612; 
Skinner's Corps, 614 ; encampiments 
on, 622, 623. 

Stavely, Doctor, ii. 61. 

Stedman, Lieut. John, i. 457, 569. 

Steele, Lieut. John, i. 262, 572. 

Stenson. Lieutenant of Queen's Ameri- 
can Rangers, i. 541. 

Stephens, Col. Humphrey, i. 166, 507, 
50S, 510, 561, 564. 

Stephenson, transport, i. 360. 

Steplin, Lieutenant, i. 302. 

Sterling, Lieut. -Col, Thomas, 409,450, 

498, 50L 504. 
Sterns, Lieut. Jonathan, i. 270. 

Stevens's Point, N. Y. , i. 388. 

Stevenson, Lieut. Charles, i. 377, 426. 

Stevenson, Ensign William J., ii. 404. 

Stewart, Cliarles, i. 276. 

Stewart, Lieut. Charles, mariner, i. 290. 

Stewart, Capt. Francis, i. 13^, 545. 

Stewart, Capt. John, i. 464. 

Stewart, Dr. John, i. 565. 

Stewart, Serjt. John. i. 5S6, 607. 

Stewart, Corporal Robert, i. 278. 

Stewart, Capt. William, i. 364, 390, 

47L 553- 
Stillwater, N. Y., i. 133. 



INDEX. 



469 



Stirling, Gen. Lord (William Alexan- 
der), i. 70, 85, 86, 104, 123, 126, 164, 

451. 
Siirn, Gen. John Daniel, i. 93, 409, 

446, 463, 600, 611, 620. 
Slirk, Capt. Julius, i. 259. 
Siirke, Lieut. Henry, i. 416. 
Stoddard, Mr., i. 219. 
Stone Hengc, England, i, 16. 
Stony Point, N. Y., i. 138, 167, 179, 

181, 186, 187, 188. 
Stopford, Lieut. -Col. Joseph, i. 107, 

554, 557. 589. 
Storey, Lieut. John, i. 427. 

Stracy, Ensign John, i. 549. 

Stralenburg, N. J., i. 163. 

Stratford, Capt. Benjamin N., i. 356. 

Stratford, Earl of, i. 12. 

Stretch, Capt. John, i. 335. 

Stribling, Ensign Thomas, i. 550. 

Strigil, Earl of, i. 21. 

Strode, Col. William, i. 351. 

Strong, Lieut. John K., i. 262, 264. 

Strongbow, Earl of, i. 21. 

Stuart, Lieut. -Col. Charles, i. 138, 353, 

385, 532. 
Stuart, Lieut. James, i. 53^-532, 557- 
Stuart, Capt. John, i. 136, 543. 
Stuart, Dr. John, i. 432, 464, 508. 
Siridholme, Capt. Giifred, i. 279, 358, 

368, 382. 

Siuyvesant, Nicholas W., i. 88. 

Suaree River, ii. 42. 

Success, sloop, ii. 45, 312, 314, 315, 

369, 375. 
SuHolk, Va., i. 178. 

Sulcry, sloop, i. 354. 

Sullivan, Gen. John, i. 85, 86, 87, 90, 

103, 126, 127, 130, 151, 161, 162. 
Sullivan's Lsland, S. C., attack on, i. 82. 
Sunbury, Ga.. i. 173. 
Surry, Lieutenant, ii. 378. 
Sutherland, Ensign Hugh, i. 385. 
Sutherland, Lieut. John, i. 261, 530, 531. 
Sutherland, Lieut. William, i. 350. 
Sutherland, Maj. William, i. 149, 150, 

165, 182, 183, 349, 468, 587. 
Swindell, Lieut. J. Cosby, i. 469, 
Swiney, Lieut. Shapland, i. 350. 
Swinnory, John, i. 278. 
Symes, Lieut. James, i. 432, 462. 
Symmetry, transport, i. 359. 

Taaffe, Ensign, ii. 28, 240, 370. 
Talbot. Capt. of the Niger, i. 76. 
Talbot, Capt. William H., i. 589. 
Tallman, Mr., of N. J., i. 598. 
Tappan, N. Y., i. 114, 163. 
Tarrytown, N. Y., i. 133, 143, 144, 167. 
Tartar, ship of war, i. 92, 613. 



Tassart, Lieut., ii. 9, 21, 240, 378. 

Taylor, Rev. Christopher, i. 335. 

Taylor, Ensign Thomas, i. 550. 

Taylor, Capt. William, i. 401, 432. 

Tebuppy, ii. 45, 290, 257, 291, 3il» 
314, 316, 324, 352, 357, 385. 

Tempest, Gen., of the Mosquito In- 
dians, ii. 257, 427. 

Templer, Lieut. -Col. Dudley, i. 526. 

Terrott, Ensign Elias, i. 331, 550. 

Tew, Capt. Francis, i. 516. 

Tewkesbury, England, i. 23. 

Thomas, Hugh, i. 361. 

Thomas, Lieut. John, i. 593. 

Thomas, Ensign Lewis, i. 585. 

Thomas, Lieut. Robert, i. 518. 

Thompson, Lieut. Edward, i. 573, 615. 

Thompson, Capt. James, ii. 4, 5, 12, 

19. 36, 52, 53, 75, 94, 105, 135, 136, 
195, 197, 217, 360, 407, 408, 412, 418. 

Thompson, Capt. John, i. 569. 

Thompson, Lieut. Thomas, i. 433. 

Thomson, Capt. of the Horatio, ii. 222, 

405. 
Thomson, Mr., ii. 275, 286, 290, 291, 

314, 315, 316. 321, 324, 355, 357, 

363. 
Thorne, Corporal Roger, i. 512, 514. 

Thorne, Sergt.-Major, i. 464. 

Thorp, Thomas, i. 361. 

Three Sisters, transport, i. 359. 

Throggs Neck, N. Y., i. 93, 114, I15, 

155, 387, 388. 
Thrub>>haw, Mr., i. 300. 
Thwaite, Capt. George, i. 47, 542. 
Tier, Dr. Edward, i. 399. 
Tinker, Capt. Jeremiah, i. 430, 441. 
Tintern, England, i. 20. 
Toby, Colonel, ii. 292. 
Todd, Capt., pilot, ii. 52, 354, 362, 

364, 382, 395. 
Todd, Capt. William, i. 558, 560, 
Toel, Lieut. Beasley, i. 137, 624. 
Toley, Col., Indian chief, ii. 260. 
Tolle, Lieut. Pedro, ii. 176, 177. 
Tomlin, Serjeant-Major, i. 196, 216. 
Tone, Mr., volunteer, i. 137. 
Tonyn, Gov. Patrick, i. 189. 
Toosey, Capt. Finch, i. 531. 
Tarriano, Lieut. George, i. 137. 
Tortoise, store ship, i. 144. 
Townsend, Lieut. Charles, i. 517, 560. 
Townshend, Anthony, i. 613. 
Townshend, Gregory, i. 377. 
Townshend, Reverend Mr., i. 609. 
Traile, Capt. Peter, i. 544. 
Traulvitter, Captain, i. 137. 
Trelawny, Lieut. -Col. Henry, i. 480, 

483. 
Trenton, N. J., i. I02, 103, 104, 105. 



470 



IXDEX- 



Trerot, C«pt- Jaatet T., i. 542, 545. 

Trcwrcn, Capr. TVmus. i. ,447. 

TrcyHal, Eoftign Jock. ;. 4:6. 

Tridcnr, »hip of »-ar, L 15J. 

Trippcli, O/nrad, coniacorof artillcrr, 
ii. 61, 68, 133, 13s. 15*. 144- i'/-: 
332. 335. 336, 340. 344. 34^. 

Trollop, Lieut. Thomas, i, 333. 

Troit, Lieutenant, ii. 179, J Si, 1S2. 

185. 
True Britain, merchant ressel, i. 227. 

TruiilbuII. (fOv. Jonathan, i. 65, 80 

Truster, Ennign Charles J., ii. 32, 87, 

378. 

Truxillo, ii 166, 180, 182, 190. 

Tiuxillo Hay, ii. 431. 

TiydcfTryn, l*n., i. 498, 499. 

Trvon, (ien. Willinm, on hoard the 
l)uche!»H of (torrion, i. 79 ; opens 
the hftll nt N. Y. on the King's birth- 
tlrtv, to8 ; hin expedition to Connec- 
tio'ut, 114, 116. ti7, 179; at King's 
Uridgo, I2(), laS, 133, 144, 157; his 
trt)oj>v in the rx|>et(iiion Against Forts 
Montgomery nnd Ointon, 133, 134, 
138; AttAckn Mo»Acnrck» 174; com- 
msnuU on Long IxlAntK (U2» 014, 6t8. 

Tmkor, Knsign JrtmeH l\. ii. 145. 148, 
t5iv 

1'nrt>o, \ iowt. |ohn, i. 3*^. 

TnppoK Mai VoniAm<n, u 5a. 

V«p)MM, Mi\'t. John, i. 409, 3tx\ 318. 

r«iVvo> r»Mni, \Ll . \. 474. 

1 u\nlM\U. \ 'out -v'n^I. ^i<s^»^o, i. So, 546, 

\ > . / .A 

Vi^ :..«, VN»Nv:n Vh»^mAv, i, 9<>2. 
Vrn»,.. Vov»gn WUlum, ii. 26, 76, 

u,\ .>4V^ c^N^ 
Vx ..!t tvvt^oo, M. <N, 5f. 4\, 44, 46. 
Vx'v«sro\. \ u ui KotHMt, n, iS» tg7, 

\ - , xN,sv- \ wvA^ K a\c\\ i. 540. 5S4. 

\ \ " • « \ \»^t lAm<*v, i. 2<,->. 
> v*^t \ <v I Non>Av. i sfvv ^^5, 

\... V -. ^>. 



\ 
\ 









Vmi Ha»e^ Mr., paymaster, i. 202, 

3C«?, S(X^ 2ZU 215. 
Yar >:rac>&e«wr, Maj. Turner, i. 352. 

353- 5^1. 5?o^ 
Van Tais«ii, Jacob, L 517. 

Vaias*, Mxj. Johti, i- 29S, 364. 476, 
519. 542. 

Vauj'.aD, Gen. John, arrives at New 
York from Charleston, i. S3: wounded 
S8 ; his service in New Jersey, 106, 
442. 445, 446, 44S, 450/451 ; com- 
mands at King's Bridge, 124, 461, 
604, 609, 614-621 ; attack on Fort 
Clinton, 138; expedition to Esopus, 
140, 141, 525, 54S; at Mamaroneck, 
180; sails for England, 183; pro- 
moted brigadier general, 351; attack 
on Fort Washington, 409, 413. 

Vauxhall, London i. 9. 

Veale, Dr. Richard, i. 287. 

Venus, transport, ii. 4, 7, 37, 38. 43, 55, 
86, 92, 232, 245, 272, 312. 360, 362. 

3^>9. 375. 
Vermont, troops from, in Canada, i. 66. 
Vernon, Ensign John, ii. 18, 21, 76, 

no, 231. 
Vernon, Mr., i. 29. 
Verplanck's Point, N. V., i. 179, iSi. 
X'ebers, Lieut. John, i. 275, 361. 
Victor, ship of war, ii. 4. 
Victor, transport, ii. 229. 
Virginia, Irish and English deserters 

from the riflemen, i. 50, 57, 5S ; 

I'resap's company, 57. 
Vogt, Doctor, i. 533. 
Voit, Col. Augustus de, i. 467, 

W.idc. C\)rnel George, i. 54S. 
Wade, I apt. Nicholas, i. 136. 3S2. 
Wa«lc, Capt. William, i. 345. 
W;\dman, Capi. .\rlhur. i. 545. 
W.ilcott. Lieut. -Col. WiUiAm, i. 412. 

4QO, 544. 
Walker, Cicorgc, i. 514. 
Walker. John. i. 554, 556. 
Walker, Capt. John, i. 25S. 
Walker, En>ign Robert, i. 2^4. 
Walker. Lieut. Rol>ert, i. 575. 
Walker. Dr. Ihomas. i. 300, 369. 
Walker. Lieut. Thomas, 1. 225. 22t ; i:. 

Walkinsh-iw, Lieut. William, i. 427. 
Wall, Lieu!. John, i. 2f>i. 
Wallaboul l^y, i. ho6. 
Wallace, -Mexander, i. 235. 
Wallace, Captain of the Rose. i. So. 
W"allace. Sir Jamei;, i. 1S7, 100, 525. 
Waller. Sir Wi'.lum, i. i5. 
WaKer. M.v. John. i. t.21. 
Walhs. Lieu:. Wjiiiam O . L ^"i. 



INDEX. 



471 



Walpa Sexa River, ii. 424. 

Walsh, Ensign Anthony, i. 549. 

Walsh, Dr. Peter, ii. 7, 13, 15, 28, 37, 
38, 232, 297, 298, 299. 309. 

Walsh, Rev. Stephen, i. 330. 

Walton, Central America, ii. 425. 

Walton, John, i. 510, 511. 

Wank's Camp, ii. 68-78. 

Wank's, or Cape Gracias a Dios River, 
ii. 422, 425, 426. 

Ward, Gen. Ariemus, i. 47. 

Ward, Ensign Benjamin, i. 546. 

Ward, Lieut. Charles, i. 197, 208, 215. 
217. 

Ward Island. See BoJianna. 

Ward, Col. James, i. 68, 94. 

Ward, Lieut. John, I. 546. 

W^ard, Samuel, i. 397. 

Warden, Ensign, li. 57, 71, 123, 262. 

Warminster, England, i. 17. 

Warner, Col. Seih, i. 66. 

Warren, Dr. Joseph, i. 42. 

Warren, William, i. 295. 

Washington, Gen. George, appointed 
commander-in-chief, i. 45, 47 ; com- 
plains to Howe of the treatment of 
prisoners. 54 ; Lord Howe's letter 
addressed to Mr. Washington, 8 1, 82; 
at While Plains, 94 ; movements in 
New Jersey, 103-105, 107, 117, 120- 
122, 125, 126, 128, 155 ; opposes 
Howe in Pa., 132, 141, 143, 144 ; 
pursuit of Gen. Clinton through New 
Jersey, 153. 154 ; crosses the Hudson 

i River, 156, 164, 166 ; reinforces R. L, 
158 ; sets out for Phila., 178 ; at the 
Clove. 179 ; destruction of his stores 
at Bound Brook, 188. 

Watkin, James, i. 352. 

Watson, Dr. Bates, ii. 25, 248, 249. 

Watson, Capt. John, i. 263. 

Watson, Ensign John, i. 572, 593. 

Watton. Robert, i. 352. 

Walts, John, i. 89. 

Watts, Cornet Samuel, i. 400, 562. 

W^augh, Ensign Gilbert, i. 364. 

Wavva River, ii. 424. 

Weaiherby, Doctor, i. 436, 530. 

Webb, George, i. 276. 

Webb, Thomas, i. 276. 

Websier, Col. James, i. 179. 

Webster, Capt. John, i. 292, 294. 

Weir, Dr. John, i. 362. 

Weir, Lieut. Jolin, i. 346. 

W^elch, Capl. Thomas, i. 385. 

Welsh, Ensign, i. 364. 

Wemys, Capt. James, i. 107, 116, 272, 
2S3, 293, 298, 303, 309, 312, 324, 

353, 443. 4^» S^Q- 
West, Capt. Temple, i. 566. 



West, Ensign William, i. 258. 

Westchester Co., N. Y., movement of 
troops in, i. 92, 93, 94, 95. 96, 97, 
98, 104, 109, III, 112, 115, 125, 126, 

131, 155, 158, 387-414. 
Weslficld, N. J., i. 449, 450. 
West Indies, French fleet sails for, i. 

166; iheir success, 172, 182. 
Westminster Abbey, i. 9. 
Westfall, Adjt. George, i. 215, 217. 
Westrop, Capt. John, i. 370, 371. 
Whealy, John, i. 579, 
Wheeler, Lieut. Paliser, i. 260. 
Wheeler, Ensign Richard, i. 531, 532. 
Whcldale, Lieut. Thomas, i. 221. 
Whitby, transport, i. 359. 
White, Lieut. Benjamin, i. 549, 552. 
White, Thomas, i. 52. 
White Plains, N. Y., battle at, i. 94, 

95, 97, 115 ; mentioned, 109. 125, 

126, 131, 155, 158, 398, 399-402. 
Whitestonc, L. I., i. 175. 
Whitlocke, Ensign Bulstrode, i. 518. 
Whittle, Mr., i. 219. 
Whitty, Rev. Edward, i. 330, 335. 
Whiity, Rev. Irvine, i. 335. 
Whyte, Lieut. -Col., i. 397. 
Wickham, Lieut. Alexander, i. 528. 
Wickham, Capt. Benjamin, i. 196, 1.97, 

200, 206, 207, 208, 209, 210, 211, 

214, 215, 218, 224, 571. 
Wigglesworth, Ensign John, i. 352, 

353. 402. 
Wigglesworth, Ensign Joseph, i. 361. 
Wightrnan, Dr. James, i. 278, 309, 369, 

547. 
Wightman, Lieut. Samuel, ii. 172, 178. 

Wilcox, Ensign, ii. 21, 240. 

Willmousky, Capt. Wilhelm von, i. 

588. 

Wilkins, Rev. Isaac, i. 92. 

WMlkins, John, i. 512, 514. 

Wilkinson, Aaron, quartermaster, i, 

374. 
WMIkinson, James, i. 613. 

Wilkinson, Lieut. Thomas, i. 361. 

W^illard, Capt. Abijah, i. 252. 

William, transport, i. 359. 

William and Mary, transport, i. 360. 

Williams, Benjamin, i. 579. 

Williams* House, Westchester Co., i. 

409. 
Williams, Mr., i. 219. 
Williams, Wilbam, i. 92. 
Williams, Capt., Queen's American 

Rangers, i. 137, 529. 
Williams, Lieut. Richard, i. 366. 
Williams, Ensign William F. H., i. 

549. 
Williamson, Serjeant, i. 361. 



472 



INDEX, 



Williamson, Capt. Thomas, i. 105, 375, 

376. 
"Willington, Capt. Charles, i. 370. 
Willis, Ensign Samuel, i. 571. 
Willis, Capt. Thomas, i. 412. 
Willmott, Ensign Valentine H., i. 566. 
Wilson, Lieut. Alexander, i. 302, 304, 

349. 558. 
Wilson, Archibald, i. 288. 

Wilson, Lieut. George, i. 564, 

Wilson, Harry, ii. 316. 

Wilson, Lieut. James, i. 572. 

Wilson, John, ii. 400. 

Wilson, Capt. John, i. 432. 

Wilson, Ensign John, i. 528. 

Wilson, Lieut. John, i. 345, 364, 594. 

Wilson, Mr., volunteer, asst. engineer, 

i. 619. 

Wilson, Capt. Robert, i. 262, 361. 

Wilson, Gen. Sir Thomas S., i. 133, 

140, 457. 
Wilton, England, i. 15. 

Windsor, N. S., i. 241, 347. 

Winnessjmet, Mass., i. 43. 

Winnet, Major, i. 201, 204. 

Winslow, Edward, i. 349, 363, 375, 

378, 380. 55i» 589. 
Winter, Serjeant, i. 219. 
Wjnthroppe, Capt. Stephen, i. 263. 
Wintour, Ensign Edward, i. 402. 
Witherington, John, i. 2S8, 289. 
Wolfe, Lieut. Joshua, ii. 262, 263, 378. 
Wolfe, Lieut. William, i. 531, 533. 
Wolfe, Capt. Williams, i. 531. 
Wood, Dr. John, i. 386, 547. 
Wood, Capt. Joseph, ii. 43, 44, 49, 50, 

54. 56, 57. 365, 367, 369. 
Wood, Mr., ii. 256. 

Wood, Dr. Vincent, i. 362. 



Wood, Capt. William, i. 30, 38, 354. 
Woodbridge, N. J., i. no. 
WoodhuU, Gen. Nathaniel, i. 86. 
Woods, Lieut. Thomas, i. 401, 402. 
Woodstock, England, i. 25. 
Wools, Lieut. Thomas A., i. 259. 
Woolwa Indians, ii. 55, 315, 316, 379, 

386, 422. 
Woolwich, England, i. 12. 
Wooster, Gen. David, i. 66, 108, 109. 
Worcester, England, i. 23. 
Worcester, Mass., provincial congress 

meets at, i. 41. 
Worsfold, Ensign William, i. 427. 
Wren, Sir Christopher, i. 9. 
Wright, Capt. Charles, i. 213, 349. 
Wright, Maj. George, i. 578. 
Wright, Capt. J., ii. 197. 
Wright, James, ii. 250, 318, 406, 407. 
Wright, James, quartermaster, i. 571. 
Wright, Mr., carpenter, ii. 129, 317. 
Wrixon, Lieut. Henry, i. 470, 545, 550. 
Wurmb, Lieut. -Col. Philip von, i. 448, 

479, 480, 485. 
Wyat, Captain of the Hercules, i. 241. 
Wynn, Capt. Isaac L., i. 58. 
Wynyard, Ensign George, i. 531. 
Wynyard, Lieut. William, i. 137, 470, 

567. 

Vara River, ii. 427. 
Yonkers, N. V., i. 94, 98, 99. 
Yorke, Maj. John, i. 490, 5C0, 519. 
Young, Daniel, ii. 204. 
Young, John, i. 90. 
Young, Mrs., ii. 356, 361. 

Zacharalayah River, ii. 430. 
Zebra, ship of war, i. 64, 555. 



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